Covid-19 in the Americas

The Inter-American Dialogue is working to provide relevant and informed analysis regarding the impact of the coronavirus pandemic in the Americas. Sign up here to receive our event invitations, reports and weekly newsletter. Our upcoming events on Covid-19, event summaries, articles and Op-Eds, and Q&As from our daily publication, the Latin America Advisor, are gathered below. 

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Coronavirus

 

Analysis by Country

 

Reports

 

Multi-Channel Strategy: The Role of Radio and Television in Distance Learning

Oct 28 | Anna Herrero Tejada, Daniela Saez

his report presents several initiatives implemented in the region to address the main challenges that countries face in effectively incorporating first generation technologies within their education technology landscapes.

Report only available in Spanish

 

 

Cambios e innovación en la práctica docente durante la crisis del Covid-19

Oct 8 | Anna Herrero Tejada, Ana Flórez, Sarah Stanton y Ariel Fiszbein

La educación a distancia durante la crisis de la pandemia ha expuesto nuevas demandas para la entrega educativa efectiva y de calidad, y está transformando la realidad de los docentes. El Diálogo Interamericano y Teach For All presentan los resultados de una encuesta regional sobre cómo la pandemia ha afectado la práctica docente.

 

 

Covid-19 and Freedom of Expression in the Americas

Sept 1 | Catharine Christie, Edison Lanza, Michael Camilleri

This report from the Peter D. Bell Rule of Law Program and Edison Lanza provides a succinct assessment of freedom of expression developments in the Americas in the early months of the Covid-19 pandemic.

 

 

La tecnología e innovación educativa en el marco de la pandemia: Lecciones aprendidas

Aug 12 | Daniela Saez & Anna Herrero Tejada

El 24 de junio del 2020, el Grupo de Trabajo sobre Tecnología e Innovación en Educación se reunió para discutir los retos que se presentan al cerrar los centros educativos y las oportunidades que existen en el uso de la tecnología educativa.

 

 

Migrants, Remittances and Covid-19: Remittance Behavior and Economic and Health Vulnerabilities

Aug 6 | Manuel Orozco & Mariellen Jewers

This report discusses the impact that Covid-19 has had on migrants from Latin America and the Caribbean with a focus on migrant job-loss and its effect on remittances sent to their native countries.

 

 

Articles & Op-Eds

A man with a mask sits in his house in Mexico behind barred windows

 

Intertwining Afflictions: Corruption and Covid-19 in Latin America

Oct 16 | Casey Wetherbee | Voces Blog

As governments and regional organizations muster a plan for post-pandemic economic recovery, addressing corruption must be at the forefront of any response — now more than ever.

 

Martín Vizcarra

 

Balance económico y político del Covid-19 en el Perú

Oct 1 | Luis Miguel Castilla | Voces Blog

Perú ha logrado salir airoso de otras duras pruebas en el pasado y no hay razón alguna que permita anticipar que esto no vuelva ocurrir. Las elecciones del próximo año serán clave para determinar el futuro de millones de ciudadanos peruanos y se logre impulsar una agenda que revierta el deterioro social del país y lo haga menos vulnerable a los shocks que a futuro se tendrán que enfrentar.

 

Girls with computers

 

Connectivity Challenges during Covid-19: Telecommunication Strategies

July 7 | Daniela Saez | PREAL Blog

This blog details some of the responses implemented by telecommunication companies in the region to address connectivity problems in order to ensure students can continue their online education. 

 

Masked Girl looking out a window

 

Domestic Violence in the Context of Covid-19: State Responses & Alliances in Latin America

June 16 | Joan Caivano, Sofia Lalinde & Melanie Ordoñez

Covid-19 restrictions have resulted in an increase of domestic violence throughout the region. In response, governments and other societal actors have had to quickly implement new forms of outreach, adapt their resources to fit a Covid-19 reality, and develop new partnerships to widen their impact.

 

China Test Kits

 

China’s Medical Outreach in LAC: Facts and Features

May 22 | Margaret Myers & Ricardo Barrios | VOCES Blog

Tracking the nature and extent of China’s “mask diplomacy” in Latin America and the Caribbean

 

Caribbean Covid-19 power sector renewable energy

 

What Does Covid-19 Mean for Caribbean Energy?

May 22 | Jed Bailey & Nate Graham  | VOCES Blog

The economic damage wrought by Covid-19 in the Caribbean will have numerous implications for the energy sector. In this Q&A, Jed Bailey, managing director of Energy Narrative, discusses impacts for renewables, resilience, utilities, and more.

 

Image of broadcast of a speech by Ortega

 

Covid-19 Pandemic and the Lack of Democracy in Nicaragua

May 19 | Manuel Orozco  | Confidencial

Daniel Ortega’s regime is using the Covid-19 pandemic as an opportunity to ensure political survival. The consequences of the government’s inaction are deadly.

 

President Donald J. Trump points to a reporter with a question during the coronavirus (COVID-19) update briefing Wednesday, March 25, 2020

 

The Trump Show

May 4 | Michael Shifter | El Faro

Against the backdrop of a devastating health and economic crisis, Trump is simply unable to show real leadership and has been unwilling to assume his share of responsibility for the calamity. As the US entered the worst phase of the crisis, his position on the pandemic has been notably incoherent and contradictory.

 

Marcelo Ebrard

 

Amid Covid-19, China Ups Its Game in Latin America

April 21 | Rebecca Bill Chavez & Paul Angelo | The New York Times

China has become an essential, reliable partner for Latin American nations, while the United States, under the Trump Adminstration, has alienated itself away from longtime regional partners.

 

Publio Gonzalez, a biologist with the Gorgas Institute, holds a bat June 6, 2018, in Meteti, Panama. Gonzalez and U.S. military doctors were participating in an Emerging Infectious Diseases Training Event, in which they received informational lectures from Panamanian infectious disease experts and field studies of possible virus-carrying wildlife and insects. The event took place during Exercise New Horizons 2018, which is a joint training exercise where U.S. military members conduct training in civil engineer, medical, and support services while benefiting the local community

 

Latin America and Covid-19: Conditions for a Sustained Recovery

April 14 | Luis Miguel Castilla | Voces Blog

Latin America and the Caribbean is confronting a severe recession with uncertain prospects. Although the recovery will primarily depend on external factors, three key components will determine whether the region is capable of sustaining its path of economic prosperity and social cohesion: sound economic management, access to external finance and delivery of quality public goods and services to all its citizens. Covid-19 introduces the sense of urgency and opportunity to continue making real progress.

 

 

How to protect education outcomes in the face of the Covid-19 crisis?

April 10 | Ariel Fiszbein | PREAL Blog

The Covid-19 pandemic has created a crisis in the education systems of Latin America and the Caribbean like never before. During the Covid-19 pandemic, what solutions can mitigate the negative impacts of school closures?

 

Maduro speaking in the Palacio Miraflores

 

Venezuela Can’t Confront Covid-19 Without a Political Truce. Will Washington Help?

Abril 9 | Feliciano Reyna, Temir Porras & Verónica Zubillaga | Voces Blog

Perhaps hundreds of thousands of lives—inside Venezuela and across its borders—now depend on whether our leaders can put aside their battle for control, engage politically in good faith, and momentarily put the wellbeing of citizens first by taking the urgent steps needed to combat the virus crisis and its consequences.

 

Nicolás Maduro

 

It’s Not the Time for War Games With Venezuela

Abril 8 | Michael Shifter & Michael Camilleri | The New York Times

The priority of the US in the country should be to avoid a humanitarian disaster, not sending naval destroyers.

 

View of Havana

 

Cuba 2020: ¿a las puertas de una crisis humanitaria?

April 2 | Lenier González | Voces Blog

Cuba vive el efecto acumulado de la crisis estructural de su modelo sociopolítico y económico –que no fue transformado y no es sostenible de cara al futuro–, más el impacto de nuevos factores externos. La combinación de todo ello acrecentará radicalmente la crisis que vive el país.

 

 

Covid-19 Pandemic Puts Populism Front and Center in Latin America

April 1 | Catharine Christie | Voces Blog

The actions, or lack thereof, of the presidents of the region’s two biggest countries, Mexico and Brazil, have drawn particular scrutiny, casting a fresh spotlight on populism in Latin America and its particular vulnerabilities in the face of a global pandemic.

 

latin america energy coronavirus oil price war

 

Pandemic and Price Collapse: Impacts for Energy in Latin America

March 27 | Lisa Viscidi & Nate Graham | Voces Blog

The perfect storm of the plummeting oil price and the Covid-19 pandemic could have dire consequences for oil-dependent Latin American economies, lead to a reduction in upstream investment, and damage the prospects for renewable energy projects.

 

Covid-19 response in Peru

 

Could China Be a White Knight Again for Latin America?

March 24 | Margaret Myers | Americas Quarterly

China came to the rescue in Latin America and the Caribbean after the Global Financial Crisis. Can it do so again?

 

Un hombre aborda un bus en Managua en medio de la epidemia del coronavirus

 

El impacto de la pandemia sobre las remesas en Nicaragua y América Latina

March 23 | Manuel Orozco | Confidencial

La pandemia causada por el Covid-19 está creando estragos y consecuencias económicas en todo el mundo. En 2020, se proyecta caída de -5 por ciento de las remesas en Nicaragua, recibiendo $75 millones menos, con una caída mayor del turismo, la economía caerá en -2 por ciento.

 

Black and white globe

 

Migrants and the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Remittances

March 20 | Manuel Orozco | Analysis

Past events involving worldwide crises can offer insight as to how this pandemic will likely affect remittance transfers. Considering migrants’ financial and health vulnerabilities as well as the forecast recession, a conservative estimate shows that remittances will register a -3 percent decline in 2020 relative to 2019, from $77 billion to $75 billion.

 

 

Upcoming Events

 

¿Qué papel puede tener Japón en la recuperación post-Covid-19 de América Latina?

Nuestro panel de expertos le entregará al público una mirada acuciosa sobre la situación actual en América Latina y sobre el papel que tanto el sector público de Japón como la comunidad de negocios japonesa podrían tener para incentivar la recuperación en un contexto post-Covid-19.

 

 

Leveraging Japan-LAC Relations Post-Covid-19

Our panel of esteemed speakers will detail the various ways Japan is preparing to engage with Latin America in a post-Covid-19 environment and how LAC nations can leverage long-standing partnerships with Japanese government entities and companies to maximize social and economic benefits. 

 

*See all upcoming events here

 

Event Summaries

 

Evaluating Learning in Times of Covid-19 – ICAN, a Civil Society Initiative

During this event, the panelists shared their experiences on the current challenges and opportunities to evaluate learning in on-site contexts and during the pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean.

 

 

Haiti and Covid-19 – Analysis and Solutions

On August 4, 2020, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “Haiti and Covid-19 – Analysis and Solutions,” a webinar in partnership with Université Quisqueya to discuss their newly launched book, “Haiti et le Covid 19. Des outils pour comprendre et agir.” The panel featured Fritz Jean, Georges Sassine, Mirlande Manigat, and Georges Fauriol. Dan Erikson moderated the event.

 

 

Economic Recovery and the Potential for Expanding Production in the Americas

On July 30, 2020, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “Economic Recovery and the Potential for Expanding Production in the Americas,” a webinar featuring Martha Bárcena, Michelle DiGruttolo, Gabrielle Trebat and Edgar Villanueva. The discussion focused on the ways in which Covid-19 has disrupted regional supply chains and the potential for regional economic integration in the post-pandemic recovery.

 

 

Peru’s Covid-19 Outbreak

On June 30, 2020, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “Peru’s Covid-19 Outbreak,” a webinar featuring Alberto Vergara, Lucía Dammert, and Carolina Trivelli. The discussion focused on the political and institutional dimensions of the Covid-19 pandemic in Peru as the country faces some of the worst infection rates in the world.

 

 

Early Childhood Care Services Packages in Latin America

How have countries in Latin America adapted early childhood care services during the Covid-19 crisis? On June 18, this webinar explored how leaders have designed and implemented resources for children at every stage during the pandemic.

 

 

Argentina: Between Covid-19 and Default

On June 1, 2020, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “Argentina: Between Covid-19 and Default,” a webinar featuring Maria Victoria Murillo, Alfonso Prat-Gay, and Rodrigo Zarazaga. Michael Shifter moderated the event. The discussion focused on the political, economic, and social dimensions of the current situation in Argentina as the country has found itself in the middle of both a global pandemic and a massive debt negotiation.

 

 

Assessing the Economic and Social Impact of Covid-19 – A Conversation with OECD Secretary-General, Ángel Gurría

On May 22, 2020, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “Assessing the Economic and Social Impact of Covid-19 – A Conversation with OECD Secretary-General, Ángel Gurría.” Before being appointed Secretary-General in 2006, Gurría served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance and Public Credit for his home country of Mexico. He has been a member of the Dialogue since 2001.

 

 

Voices in the Pandemic – Covid-19 and Freedom of Expression in the America

On May 20, 2020, the Inter-American Dialogue, Global Affairs Canada and the Office of the Special Rapporteur of Freedom of Expression of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights hosted “Voices in the Pandemic – Covid-19 and Freedom of Expression in the Americas.”

 

 

Innovation and Technology in Latin America’s Post-Pandemic Recovery

On May 13, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted the online webinar “Innovation and Technology in Latin America’s Post-Pandemic Recovery” with the participation of Carmen Pagés-Serra, Andrés Cadena, Ángel Melguizo, and Victor Muñoz.

 

 

Covid-19 and Human Rights in Latin America – A Conversation with Michelle Bachelet

On April 29, the Dialogue hosted an in-depth conversation with UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on the implications of the Covid-19 pandemic in the state of human rights in Latin America. 

 

 

Early Childhood and Covid-19: Responses to the Emergency

What effect has the Covid-19 pandemic had on services for early childhood? This webinar explores how the responses in the region have responded to the crisis.

 

 

Pandemic Response and Executive Authority – The Case of El Salvador

On April 22, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted Pandemic Response and Executive Authority – The Case of El Salvador, an online event featuring Leonor Arteaga, senior program officer for the Due Process of Law Foundation and member of the El Salvador National Commission for the Search of Disappeared Persons (CONABÚSQUEDA), Carlos Dada, founder of El Faro, and José Miguel Vivanco, executive director of the Americas Division of Human Rights Watch.

 

congressional briefing, Dialogue staff

 

Congressional Staff Briefing: Covid-19 & Latin America and the Caribbean

On April 16, Dialogue experts briefed key congressional staff in both the House and Senate on Covid-19 and its impact on Latin America and the Caribbean.

 

 

What Role for China in LAC’s Covid-19 Recovery?

On April 9, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “What Role for China in LAC’s Covid-19 Recovery?”, a conference call with Joyce Chang, Dialogue member and managing director and chair of Global Research at JP Morgan, and Oliver Stuenkel, associate professor of international relations at the Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) in São Paulo.

 

 

Virtual Education in the Times of Covid-19: Seminar in Memory of José María Antón

On April 7, the Education Program hosted a webinar to reflect about the legacy of José María Antón and discuss the digital educational opportunities during the Covid-19 crisis.

 

 

Pandemic and Politics in Venezuela

On April 2, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted “Pandemic and Politics in Venezuela”, a conference call with Miguel Pizarro, Feliciano Reyna, and Daniella Liendo. The discussion was moderated by Michael Camilleri, Director of the Peter D. Bell Rule of Law Program at The Dialogue.

 

 

Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Migrants and Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean

On April 2, Manuel Orozco, Mariellen Jewers, Piero Coen and Gene Nigro discussed the economic and health consequences caused by Covid-19 to migrants and how it impacts Latin America and the Caribbean. Estimates show that remittances to LAC countries will register at a negative seven percent decline in 2020.

 

 

Examining Implications of Covid-19 and Low Oil Prices for Latin American Energy

The recent oil price collapse, combined with the economic contraction resulting from measures to fight the global Covid-19 pandemic, will have extensive and largely unforetold impacts for Latin American energy markets and beyond. These implications include cuts to investment and delays to ongoing projects in both oil & gas and renewable energy, fiscal and broader economic constraints, and legal disputes, said panelists during a webinar held on April 1. 

 

 

US Regional Cooperation on Covid-19 with Congresswoman Donna Shalala

On March 26, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conference call with Congresswoman Donna Shalala (D-FL, 27). The discussion centered around the spread of Covid-19 in Latin America & the Caribbean and how the United States can work with international partners to combat the pandemic.

 

 

Coronavirus and its Consequences for Latin American & Caribbean Economies

On March 19, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conference call with Alicia Bárcena and Santiago Levy. The discussion centered around the consequences of this pandemic for the global economy and the Latin American and Caribbean region in particular. 

 

 

‘Unfulfilled Promises’ Update

 

In 2019 the Dialogue published Unfulfilled Promises: Latin America Today, a collection of six essays analyzing six of the region’s most salient challenges: rule of law and democratic institutions; citizen security; poverty and inequality; economic growth; regional integration; and global insertion. The book is available in English, Spanish, and Portuguese.  

More than one year after the publication of the book, the Covid-19 pandemic has upended the world. How does the new environment affect Latin America, and what are its impacts on the six issues explored in the volume? To answer this fundamental question, we asked the authors to reflect on the implications of the public health and economic crises for Latin America’s future.

 

 

Regionalism and Covid-19

July 20 | Ana Covarrubias

The Covid-19 pandemic has once more demonstrated the fragility of Latin American regional and subregional organizations, and the reasons for it: the weaknesses of domestic institutions, the lack of shared interests and values, and the dependence on foreign powers. It is not too late to turn the pandemic into an opportunity to acknowledge the existence of common interests, and the value of pursuing them collectively.

 

Crews from the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Waesche offload nearly 660 kilograms of narcotics

 

The Pandemic is Disrupting Organized Crime, But Not Necessarily for the Better

June 26 | Robert Muggah

Covid-19 is transforming organized crime. In addition to heightening the risk of violence, the pandemic is also indirectly strengthening the social, economic, and political clout of several criminal organizations in the same way that the Italian mafia and Japanese Yakuza emerged stronger after the great dislocations of the Second World War. Crime kingpins know full well that law enforcement and criminal justice systems are overstretched, and that prisons are bursting at the seams. They also know that an economic depression is coming, which may increase the risk of violence. It is not entirely clear if governments are similarly alert.

 

Street in China, Woman with an umbrella

 

Latin America After Covid-19: Just as Heterogeneous, Fragmented, and Irrelevant as Before…So Now What?

Jun 11 | Andrés Malamud

How does the Covid-19 pandemic affect Latin America’s insertion with the world? Andrés Malamud explored this topic in the book ‘Unfulfilled Promises’ in 2019. Today he reflects on how the pandemic has changed none of the trends he then identified. Rather, it has highlighted all of them: at the global level, we witness increasing multipolarity, failure of multilateral cooperation, and a Sino-American power transition; in Latin America, we observe structural heterogeneity, political fragmentation, and geopolitical irrelevance.

 

 

From the Latin America Advisor

Patient is pictured in a hospital bed.

 

Will Covid Change How Latin America Offers Health Care?

Nov 18 | Jaana Remes, Rolf Hoenger, María del Rocío Sáenz Madrigal, Arachu Castro

What kind of innovation is needed to help ensure that patients in Latin America and the Caribbean get the care they need for noncommunicable diseases? How efficient and effective is public spending on health care currently? How can governments and the private sector better collaborate to maximize the value that is received from health care spending?

 

An airplane is pictured.

 

When Will Air Travel Get Back to Normal in Latin America?

Nov 12 | Landon Loomis, Helane Becker, Rafael Echevarne, Eliseo Llamazares, Peter Cerdá, Carlos Ozores

How much is air travel rebounding in Latin America, and what is the outlook for the sector next year? Which safety standards are proving to be the most effective, and how well are Latin American governments coordinating with the airlines that serve their countries in order to prevent the spread of infection? To what extent are countries in the region successfully working together in order to standardize air travel health safety protocols?

 

A woman inspects cars in a Mexico factory.
People lining up outside a job fair in Colombia. // File Photo: Colombian Government.

 

Can Latin America Replace Jobs Lost in the Pandemic?

Oct 15 | Salvador Paiz, Gimena Sánchez-Garzoli, Manuel Agosin

What strategies and tactics can countries use to more quickly recover jobs? Which industries will governments in the region target for support, and should they invest more in strategic or nontraditional sectors to create new employment opportunities? To what extent will the jobs that have been lost come back once the pandemic eases, and what other problems will stem from the job losses?

 

The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted treatments for noncommunicable diseases. The Simón Bolívar Hospital in Bogotá is pictured above. // File Photo: EEIM via Creative Commons.

 

How Can the Region Ensure Treatment for Existing Conditions?

Aug 26 | Alicia Bárcena, Julio Frenk, Rolf Hoenger, María Luisa Ávila, Ansel Hennis, Felicia Knaul, Michael Touchton

How has the pandemic affected health care oriented toward noncommunicable diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean, and how can hospitals ensure that treatment of such illnesses continues amid the pandemic? What flaws in the region’s health services for noncommunicable diseases has the health crisis laid bare? How can the region strengthen related health services, and how can governments fund such efforts given the current economic downturn?

 

 

How Hard Is Covid Hitting the Region’s Afro-Descendants?

Jul 15 | Judith Morrison, Gladys Mitchell-Walthour, Raymond A. Joseph, Maria Velez de Berliner

How is the pandemic affecting Afro-descendants in the region differently from other groups, and what can authorities do to provide more equitable treatment? What challenges face Afro-descendant communities in the economic recovery, and what practices have proven successful in overcoming long-standing obstacles to Black people obtaining better job opportunities in the region? What can private sector employers in the region do to have a bigger role in the labor-market solution?

 

 

Has the Pandemic Derailed Jamaica’s Renewables Goals?

Jul 10 | Audrey Marks, James Ellsmoor, Jed Bailey, Malaika Masson

What is the current state of Jamaica’s energy sector? What are the most significant challenges it is facing? How realistic are the goals that Williams set out, and to what extent has the Covid-19 pandemic changed the plan’s assumptions?

 

A Honduran prison. // File Photo: Honduran Government.

 

Can the Northern Triangle Contain a Prison Pandemic?

Jun 30 | Barry McCaffrey, Adam Blackwell, Yulia Vorobyeva, Tiziano Breda

What implications do the Covid-19 outbreaks in the three Central American nations’ prisons have for both health and security? To what extent are structures in place to effectively manage the outbreaks, and what is the best way for the countries’ governments to deal with the crisis? What effects will the pandemic have on the region’s prison systems in the future, especially in terms of funding and possible reforms?

 

 

Will the Pandemic Increase Migration in Latin America?

Jun 26 | Manuel Orozco, Liliana Meza, Nicolás Marisca, Anita Isaacs

 How likely are Chile and other countries in the region to see a sharp rise in immigration levels, and what factors will drive those flows? What pressures will an increase in migrants put on the receiving nations? What should countries in the region be doing now in order to prepare?

 

Uruguayan President Luis Lacalle Pou was faced with the coronavirus pandemic soon after he took office in March. // File Photo: Uruguayan Government.

 

How Is Uruguay Avoiding the Worst of Covid-19?

Jun 16 | Nicolás Saldías, Rosario Medero, Ignacio Bartesaghi, Giovanni Escalante, Scott Morgenstern, Juan Andrés Moraes

Why did Uruguay see lower levels of coronavirus contagion than its neighbors? How well has the government of President Luis Lacalle Pou responded to the health crisis and its economic consequences? To what extent will its neighbors’ economic woes affect Uruguay’s road to recovery?

 

Governments in Latin America, including Chilean Education Ministry officials, pictured above, are working on plans that involve social distancing for when students return to schools. // File Photo: Chilean Government.

 

Will Latin America’s Schools Be Able to Reopen Safely?

May 18 | Ariel Fiszbein, Timothy Scully, Michael C. Lisman, Maria Soledad Bos

Do schools in Latin America and the Caribbean have enough government funding and resources to both educate students and protect their health amid Covid-19?

 

A photo of empty streets in Santiago, Chile. // Photo: Municipality of Santiago.

 

Has Covid Halted Momentum for Change in Chile?

May 8 | Patricio D. Navia, María Cristina Escudero, Claudia Heiss, Guillermo Holzmann

Has the coronavirus pandemic interrupted protesters’ momentum and hopes for social change in Chile?

 

Chile has recorded more than 20,000 cases, but only 270 deaths, one of the lowest rates in the world. // File Photo: Chilean Government.

 

Covid-19 in the Americas: A Case in Contrasts

May 5 | Julio Frenk, Felicia Marie Knaul, Michael Touchton

Some governments in Latin America imposed early preventive measures and mobilized health systems to meet the threat of Covid-19. Meanwhile, others with populist national leaders have done very little to prepare for or otherwise mitigate the epidemic.

 

Inter-American Development Bank President Luis Alberto Moreno recently cited technology companies in Colombia among the innovators during the Covid-19 pandemic. // File Photo: Inter-American Development Bank.

 

Can Innovation and Tech Help Colombia Cope and Recover?

May 5 | Laura Gaviria Halaby, Maria Velez de Berliner, Felipe Colmenares, Kathleen McInerney

In what ways is the pandemic spurring innovation in Colombia, and how should the government of President Iván Duque seek to leverage new technologies for economic resilience and eventual recovery?

 

Image of Earth in outer space, taken by NASA.

 

Will the Pandemic Lead to a Less Globalized World?

Apr 24 | Rebecca Bill Chavez, Kenneth Maxwell, Isabel de Saint Malo, José Antonio Ocampo

Will the post-coronavirus world see a significant shift away from multilateralism, and which countries in Latin America and the Caribbean would stand to gain or lose the most in this context?

 

A vendor in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, is pictured above.

 

How Can Latin America Help Its Most Vulnerable?

Apr 13 | Santiago Levy, Betilde Muñoz-Pogossian, Sebastián Acha, Lauren M. Allen, Audriana Rodriguez & Charles T. Call

In what ways is Covid-19 affecting informal workers in the Americas, and which governments have implemented the best measures to protect informal sectors, both in terms of health care services and economic relief?

 

Governments throughout Latin America have employed sweeping emergency measures to fight the coronavirus pandemic. In Peru, President Martín Vizcarra has ordered the military to enforce the country's quarantine. // File Photo: Peruvian Government.

 

Will Emergency Measures Amid the Pandemic Threaten Democracies?

Apr 6 | Kevin Casas-Zamora, Shannon O’Neil, Sergio Bitar, Nicolás Marsical & Maria Velez de Berliner

Are emergency measures to fight the coronavirus pandemic putting Latin American and Caribbean democracies at risk?

 

 

How Much Damage Are Latin American Economies Facing?

March 27 | Alicia Bárcena, Shelly Shetty, Claudio Loser, Eric Parrado

What do the best-case and worst-case economic scenarios look like for Latin America and the Caribbean, and will the region suffer a U-shaped recession or a V-shaped one? How deep will the recession be, and which countries face the most economic pain? With already high debt-to-GDP ratios, who will countries borrow from to fund their deficit spending, and how can they target economic packages to most effectively preserve jobs?

 

 

Will Latin America See More Supply Chain Disruption?

March 25 | Tinglong Dai, Margaret Myers, Antonio Ortiz-Mena

To what extent has the Covid-19 outbreak in China interrupted global supply chains, and how much have countries in Latin America and the Caribbean been affected? What lessons can be drawn from the economic effects of the pandemic, and will they prompt long-term changes in the way businesses, supply chains and trade relations are modeled? 

 

 

How Can Ecuador Handle Both an Oil Shock & Pandemic?

March 24 | Daniela Chacón Arias, Vicente Albornoz, César Coronel Jones, Abelardo Pachano

How vulnerable is Ecuador to those two threats to its economy? Will Moreno face legislative pushback to his plan? Will social unrest flare up? Is Moreno taking the right actions in light of the developments, and what more should he be doing?

 

 

Can the Caribbean Tourism Industry Withstand Covid-19?

March 23 | Anton Edmunds, Vangie Bhagoo-Ramrattan, Andrea Ewart, Rogelio Douglas

How big of an impact will Covid-19 have on tourism in the Caribbean, and which countries face the most severe effects? What should government officials in the Caribbean do to prepare their countries and mitigate the consequences? How well are tourism-related businesses, such as cruise lines and hotels, handling the situation?

 

Around the world, including in Latin America and the Caribbean, the number of cases of the novel coronavirus, or Covid-19, has grown exponentially. Governments have implemented increasingly tough restrictions to try to contain the spread.

 

How Well Are Latin American Nations Handling Covid-19?

March 17 | Andrés Rozental, María L. Ávila-Agüero, Katherine Bliss, Alejandro Chafuen, Adriano Massuda

How are Latin American and Caribbean nations coping with the spread of the new coronavirus? Which practices are working best, and where have gaps been identified? Are the region’s health care systems robust enough to effectively address the pandemic, and what steps should the region’s public and private health care providers be taking next?

 

 

How Is Metal Price Volatility Affecting Latin America?

March 11 | Jorge Heine, John Price, Mariano Machado

What have been the major consequences of coronavirus fears on the prices of metals, including copper and gold? Will such trends continue into the foreseeable future? What will be the economic fallout for Latin American metals exporters, such as Brazil, Chile, Peru and Colombia, and what can they do to prepare for potential losses?

 

The coronavirus outbreak poses a

 

Is the Coronavirus a Major Threat to Latin America?

Feb 11 | Fiona Mackie, Margaret Myers, Peter Sand, Zhen Pan

How serious is the risk of the coronavirus spreading to Latin America and the Caribbean? What will be the disease’s global economic fallout, and how will such trends affect Latin American and Caribbean economies? Which sectors in the region could be hurt the most, and which industries might benefi t from the trade disruptions?

 

 

Video Interviews

 

 

 

 

 

Press & Media

Latin America is not in good shape. It was not in good shape before the pandemic, and it’s in worse shape now.

Michael Shifter, The Atlantic (Oct 26 2020)

[President Bolsonaro] took advantage of the fact that he had Covid and that he overcame it and recovered fairly quickly as a kind of vindication of his approach (…) He also tried to reinforce the image of being a tough guy.

Michael Shifter, The Atlantic (Oct 3 2020)

En este momento, es casi imposible decir cómo la pandemia afectará la política regional. Los optimistas creen que las respuestas erráticas a la crisis podrían llevar a una reordenación de la política para mejor. Los más pesimistas, como yo, vemos un periodo bastante largo para la recuperación en la economía y la confianza en sus líderes e instituciones. Y en algunos casos será caótico.

Peter Hakim, El Mercurio (Aug 16, 2020)

Coronavirus is the perfect excuse for a power grab and authoritarian measures to crack down on political opponents.

Michael Shifter, Washington Post (August 14, 2020)

Si queremos que la pandemia sea realmente una oportunidad [para las energías renovables], tiene que haber una expansión significativa de la infraestructura de transmisión y mejorar las tecnologías de almacenamiento.

Lisa Viscidi, El Mercurio (August 3, 2020)

This is a public health crisis that requires expertise and science to resolve. Populists by nature … have a disdain for experts and science that are seen as part of the establishment.

Michael Shifter, AP News (July 23, 2020)

Hay pocas dudas del fracaso de líderes como Trump, López Obrador y Bolsonaro, a la hora de responder rápidamente a la pandemia e insistir en precauciones básicas como el distanciamiento social y el uso del cubrebocas. Y ese fracaso ha tenido costos humanos reales, que se reflejan en el aumento de casos y muertes. Los últimos meses han demostrado que cuando la ciencia y la experiencia sanitaria son ignoradas, o no se toman en serio, los riesgos son enormes.

Michael Shifter, El Universal (July 24, 2020)

América Latina tiene dos grandes problemas frente a la pandemia: son sistemas de salud muy deficientes, con poco presupuesto y poca presencia fuera de las grandes ciudades. Casi ningún país latinoamericano podría resistir un brote como los de Europa y EE.UU. El segundo problema, igual de grave, es el económico. Los países tienen recursos limitados. 

Bruno Binetti, La Tercera (April 24, 2020)

The Covid-19 crisis highlights how important state capacity is and the competence of leaders. I don’t think this will have any ideological implications — it doesn’t help the left or the right. However, proponents of free-market capitalism in the region are going to have a hard time getting traction.

Michael Shifter, Financial Times (April 14, 2020)

La forma en la que China puede ayudar a la región será muy, muy diferente a como lo hizo post-2008.

Margaret Myers, BBC Mundo (April 14, 2020)

Ahora que muchos han perdido sus empleos [por la crisis del Covid-19], se debaten entre la responsabilidad moral de ayudar a sus familiares en Venezuela y la necesidad inmediata de atender su vida aquí en Estados Unidos.

Manuel Orozco, Voice of America (April 10, 2020)

[We] expect remittances to fall between 7 percent and 12 percent in 2020, compared with the previous year.

Manuel Orozco, Washington Post (April 6, 2020)

La máxima prioridad de Estados Unidos, especialmente por la probable catastrófica dimensión que tendrá el Covid-19 en Venezuela, debería ser la ayuda humanitaria y salvar tantas vidas como sea posible.

Michael Shifter, Deutsche Welle (April 7, 2020)

“Most of the region’s leaders were already in serious trouble, with slowing economies, social pressures and protests forcing them to look inward. With borders closing everywhere, the coronavirus has only accentuated that instinct.”

Michael Shifter, Bloomberg (March 25, 2020)
Michael Shifter at the Inter-American Dialogue

 

Shifter: “Vamos hacia una intensificación de los nacionalismos”

Sep 9 | Michael Shifter | Forbes Bolivia

Michael Shifter, presidente del Diálogo Inter-Americano, habló con Carlos Morales Peña de Forbes Bolivia sobre la crisis desatada por el Covid-19, su efecto en el orden político y económico mundial, los posibles cambios en el proceso de globalización y el rol de China, entre otros. 

 

 

Coronavirus in the Americas

Aug 10 | Michael Shifter | CGTN

In this interview with CGTN America, Michael Shifter spoke with Frances Kuo about the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on Latin America and the Caribbean, discussing inequality, the informal economy, and China’s presence in the region.

 

 

Encuesta de opinión pública en Nicaragua: Covid-19, Daniel Ortega y sanciones

July 20 | Manuel Orozco | Confidencial

Manuel Orozco, director del programa de Migración, Remesas y Desarrollo del Diálogo Interamericano, conversó con Carlos F. Chamorro para Esta Semana de Confidencial acerca de los hallazgos arrojados por la 5ta encuesta de opinión pública de Nicaragua 2020. Esta encuesta se aplicó a una muestra de 1116 nicaragüenses, propietarios de teléfono celular, y sus resultados tienen un nivel de confianza del 95 por ciento y un margen de error de ±3 por ciento.

 

 

La pandemia en América Latina: poderes de emergencia, corrupción e inseguridad

June 4 | Michael Shifter | Aristegui Noticias

En esta entrevista con Aristegui Noticias, Michael Shifter habló con Daniel Zovatto, Director Regional de IDEA Internacional para América Latina y el Caribe, sobre el impacto de la pandemia en los Estados Unidos, América Latina en general y también casos específicos como Brasil, México, El Salvador, Nicaragua y Venezuela. 

 

 

El impacto del Coronavirus en Perú

May 22 | Michael Shifter | Canal N

En esta entrevista para el programa 20/20 de Canal N, Michael Shifter y Mávila Huertas hablaron sobre los efectos del Covid-19 en América Latina, la situación actual en Perú, la importancia de las instituciones y las diferencias entre esta pandemia y la crisis financiera de 2008-2009.

 

 

Se estima una caída de 300 millones de dólares en remesas a Nicaragua

May 5 | Manuel Orozco | Confidencial

Manuel Orozco fue entrevistado por el periodista de Confidencial, Iván Olivares para hablar sobre las consecuencias de la pandemia en los flujos de remesas. Orozco calcula una pérdida de remesas de unos 300 millones de dólares que afectarán a unas 600 mil familias nicaragüenses.

 

 

Mask Diplomacy

May 5 | Margaret Myers | Two The Point – Wilson Center Podcast

How is China’s coronavirus assistance to Latin America being perceived and what are the implications for US-China competition in the region?

 

 

China y la “diplomacia de mascarillas” en América Latina

Apr 17 | Margaret Myers | NTN24

En esta entrevista con NTN24, Margaret Myers habló sobre el rol crucial de China en el combate del coronavirus en Latinoamérica, así como la “diplomacia de mascarillas” o “mask diplomacy” impulsada por este país.

 

 

Impacto de Covid-19 en las remesas a Latinoamérica y al empleo en Estados Unidos

Mar 23 | Manuel Orozco | CNN

Manuel Orozco explica el impacto económico de la panedemia de Covid-19 para los migrantes latinoamericanos en Estados Unidos, sus familias que reciben remesas y para los países de la región. Su análisis se concentra en los impactos relacionados a la crisis de desempleo proyectada para el país.

 

 

From our Members

Who Should Be First In Line To Get Coronavirus Vaccine?

Nov 16 | Helene Gayle | HBUR

The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdowns and Expanded Social Assistance on Inequality, Poverty and Mobility in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico

Oct 21  |  Nora Lustig  |  Center for Global Development 

Grynspan: “América Latina no podrá salir de la crisis sola”

Oct 15  |  Rebeca Grynspan  |  El País

O Mundo Pós Covid-19

Oct 13   |  Roberto Teixeira da Costa  |  Revista RI 

A Coronavirus Commission Is Crucial for America’s Recovery 

Oct 9  |  James Stavridis  |  Bloomberg

“El dilema de proteger vidas y proteger fuentes de ingreso es, desafortunadamente, real”

Sep 21  |  Nora Lustig  |  El País

América Latina tras seis meses de la pandemia

Sep 15  |  Sergio Bitar & Daniel Zovatto  |  El Mercurio 

Pasado y futuro

Sep 11  |  Fernando Cepeda Ulloa  |  El País (Colombia)