North America

The Inter-American Dialogue’s work in North America examines opportunities and challenges facing the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Issues include energy, security, economics and trade, and international relations. 


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The Cuban government sees the United States, which continues to impose harsh sanctions, as being chiefly responsible for the island’s profound economic woes and for worsening its humanitarian crisis. Unleashing significant levels of Cuban migrants to the United States can serve as a means of retribution.  
It is plausible that Nicaragua struck a deal with the Cubans to facilitate the push northward to express both regimes’ opposition to Biden administration policies. All signs suggest the flows will continue to mount, intensifying pressure on the US border and giving the Biden administration another huge political headache.