Manuel Orozco

Nicaragua  |  Director, Migration, Remittances and Development Program, Inter-American Dialogue

+1-202-463-2929 ˙ morozco@thedialogue.org ˙

This post is also available in: Spanish

Manuel Orozco is the director of the Migration, Remittances, and Development Program at the Inter-American Dialogue. He also serves as a senior fellow at Harvard University’s Center for International Development and as a senior adviser with the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

Orozco has conducted extensive research, policy analysis and advocacy on issues relating to global flows of remittances as well as migration and development worldwide. He is chair of Central America and the Caribbean at the US Foreign Service Institute and senior researcher at the Institute for the Study of International Migration at Georgetown University.

Orozco frequently testifies before Congress and has spoken before the United Nations. He holds a PhD in political science from the University of Texas at Austin, a MA in public administration and Latin American studies, and a BA in international relations from the National University of Costa Rica.

Orozco has published widely on remittances, Latin America, globalization, democracy, migration, conflict in war torn societies, and minority politics. His books include International Norms and Mobilization for Democracy (2002), Remittances: Global Opportunities for International Person-to-Person Money Transfers (2005), América Latina y el Caribe: Desarrollo, migración y remesas (2012) and Migrant Remittances and Development in the Global Economy (2013).


Analysis See all

Caricatura Ortega-Murillo

La cuenta regresiva de la dictadura en la represión de 2023

El malestar creciente entre los altos funcionarios, la corrupción desenfrenada y las purgas, revelan que no hay salida con Ortega y Murillo. El reto radica en aprovechar las crecientes debilidades, las posibles rupturas y recuperar espacios en miras de devolver la confianza y la autoestima al pueblo para presionar por un cambio político.

Foto de Ciudadanos nicaragüenses recolectan lo que pueda ser útil o comestible en un basurero.

La verdadera economía de Nicaragua está en declive

Para un país pequeño como Nicaragua, con menos de 150,000 negocios formales, la imposición de impuestos, aun en medio de pandemia y crisis económica, ha sido una guerra frontal del Estado en castigo por su patriotismo por el cambio democrático.


Blog See all

A man waits in the doorway of a New York City money transfer store used by many Haitians.

Haiti’s Turnaround and its Impact on Remittances

This post is also available in: SpanishIntroduction This blog examines the role of remittances on Haiti’s economy. It points to its growing relevance over time, and the dependence on transfers from the US, while describing Haiti’s deteriorating social, political and economic context. The blog also points to a drop in…

˙Manuel Orozco

Image of Mexican border with US

Transaction Costs in the Post-Covid Era

This blog examines remittance sending costs to eight Latin American and Caribbean countries and considers that the most important reality shaping the money transfer intermediation industry is that is tied to a global currency market.

˙Manuel Orozco


Events See all


Press Mentions See all

El costo de la adopción del bitcoin para [El Salvador] ha sido reputacional, ya que ha puesto al país en ridículo. El costo económico ha sido que el subsidio que sacó para incentivar el uso de la moneda se revirtió en dólares, y aumentó el déficit fiscal.
[Ortega] siempre ha sido un individuo anticlerical, como se demostró en su persecución a la Iglesia católica en los años 80 durante la revolución sandinista. Como cualquier líder autócrata, todo lo que va en contra del culto a su persona es una amenaza.