Following months of escalating violence, Brazilian President Michel Temer on Feb. 16 put the country’s military in charge of public security in Rio de Janeiro State. The action marked the first federal intervention in a Brazilian state since the country’s return to democracy three decades ago. Why has violence worsened in Rio de Janeiro? Was Temer’s decision to deploy the military the right move? Will the military be able to rein in the state’s violence, and how long will it take before civilian policing can be restored? What safeguards are needed to prevent human rights abuses and other potential misdeeds by troops?

Three views on this topic in this issue of the daily Latin America Advisor.