What is the Economic Outlook for Latin America?

Gastón Ocampo / Inter-American Dialogue

On November 1, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion with the International Monetary Fund based on the IMF’s latest Western Hemisphere Regional Economic Outlook report, “An Uneven Recovery.” The discussion featured Jorge Roldos and Krishna Srinivasan from the IMF, Andrew Powell from the Inter-American Development Bank as commentator, and Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue as moderator. The conversation focused on the key findings of the report as well as areas in which the report could be expanded.

Krishna Srinivasan, deputy director of the Western Hemisphere Department at the IMF, began the conversation by discussing the current economic climate in the Hemisphere. Srinivasan explained that the key message of the report is that economic recovery is becoming more uneven in the region. For example, Brazil and Argentina have regressed in terms of performance whereas Colombia, Peru and Chile have seen improvement. Jorge Roldos, assistant director for the Western Hemisphere Department at the IMF, explained how global growth is expected to remain the same, but that supportive domestic policies and an increase in investment risks, such as trade tensions and fiscal tightening, have contributed to the uneven growth in the region.

Andrew Powell, principal advisor for the research department of the Inter-American Development Bank, welcomed the results of the report but emphasized that microeconomic management is also necessary to boost growth and reduce invest-related risks.

The event concluded with a Q&A session that addressed concerns about capital flows and controls, inflation, and human rights considerations in the report. Additional questions focused on the role of Mexico and Brazil, as well as the financial expectations from the newly elected governments. 



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