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April 7, 2014: Time is right to reset a bipartisan energy policy
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Dallas Morning News
As someone with long experience in the energy business, including running a natural gas company in the pre-boom 1980s, I can remember a time when a debate about how to exercise America’s energy muscle on the world stage would have been unthinkable. That all changed with the surge in domestic production of oil and gas over the last decade.

April 2, 2014: What Challenges Face Costa Rica's Next President?
By José Antonio Muñoz, Kevin Casas-Zamora, and Laura Porras
Source: Latin America Advisor
What are the biggest challenges facing Costa Rica's new leader, Luis Guillermo Solís? What types of policy changes can be expected from his administration? To what extent will he succeed in working with Costa Rica's business community?

April 2, 2014: Chinese Finance to Latin America Tops $100 Billion Since 2005 (Chinese) (PDF)
By Amos Irwin and Kevin Gallagher
Chinese finance to sovereign governments, state-owned enterprises and a handful of private firms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) surged to $20.1 billion in 2013. These estimates, as well as data on Chinese financing from previous years, are available in the China-Latin America Finance Database, a collaborative project between the Inter-American Dialogue (IAD) and the Global Economic Governance Initiative (GEGI) at Boston University.

April 2, 2014: Chinese Finance to Latin America Tops $100 Billion Since 2005
By Amos Irwin and Kevin Gallagher
Chinese finance to sovereign governments, state-owned enterprises and a handful of private firms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) surged to $20.1 billion in 2013. These estimates, as well as data on Chinese financing from previous years, are available in the China-Latin America Finance Database, a collaborative project between the Inter-American Dialogue (IAD) and the Global Economic Governance Initiative (GEGI) at Boston University.

April 1, 2014: Are Countries Making Progress in Fighting Corruption?
By Salvador Paiz, Miguel Schloss, and Donald J. Planty
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo pleaded guilty March 18 in New York to conspiring to launder $2.5 million of public money through a U.S. bank. Is Portillo's plea deal a turning point for anti-corruption efforts across Latin America? Are other efforts at combatting corruption in Latin Americamaking progress? Which countries in the region are making strides in fighting corruption, and which are falling short? What specific anti-corruption policies have succeeded in the region and why?

March 25, 2014: US Disengagement from Latin America: Compromised Security and Economic Interests
By Michael Shifter
Source: Statement before U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
Washington’s inability to measurably influence the unfolding tragedy in Venezuela has given a renewed rise to questioning about the US’s role and presence in Latin America. The concern is valid. But merely criticizing the current administration for being disengaged and indifferent to what is happening in the region is somewhat misplaced.

March 21, 2014: Is Brazil's Petrobras on the Right Track?
By Theodore M. Helms, Lisa Viscidi, João Augusto de Castro Neves, and Francisco Ebeling Barros
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite profits up 11 percent last year, Brazilian state oil company Petrobras reported last month that its fourth quarter net profit was down 19 percent year-on-year, adding that it will cut its investment plan through 2018 by 7 percent. More bad news came last week when lawmakers decided to install a special congressional committee to probe allegations of bribery involving Petrobras employees and a foreign company. How bad is Petrobras' situation today, and what bright spots are on the horizon? How big of a role is the government and politics playing in the company's present circumstances, and what policy changes would improve the outlook for Petrobras moving forward?

March 20, 2014: Is Mexico Winning or Losing the Battle for Rule of Law?
By Arturo Sarukhan, Beatrice Rangel, Raúl Benítez Manaut, and David A. Shirk
Source: Latin America Advisor
Mexican authorities in early March announced that they had killed Nazario Moreno, a.k.a. "El Más Loco," the former head of the La Familia drug cartel and a leader of the Knights Templar cartel. Mexican troops this year also captured high-level drug cartel leaders Dionisio Loya Plancarte, "El Tío," of the Knights Templar and Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, leader of the Sinaloa Cartel. Do these developments represent a significant advance for Mexico in the fight against drug trafficking, or are they just minor setbacks for the cartels? How would you rate President Enrique Peña Nieto's efforts to address the country's security situation? Is there more his administration should be doing that it is not?

March 18, 2014: Why Democrats Should Back the President on Free Trade
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Wall Street Journal
When it comes to international trade agreements, Democrats have been sounding a lot like the "party of no." From congressional leaders to some in the party base, pessimism about free trade has become almost a reflex.

March 17, 2014: How Important for Argentina Are the Paris Club Debt Talks?
By Cecilia Nahón, Miguel Kiguel, Fausto Spotorno, and Claudio Loser
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Paris Club said last month that it is open to a discussion about Argentina's debt. What would the advancement of talks between Argentina and the Paris Club mean for the country? What stands in the way of a breakthrough?

March 14, 2014: Does Sunday's Close Election Mean Trouble for El Salvador?
By Ricardo Cevallos, Douglas Farah, Christine Wade, and Joydeep Mukherji
Source: Latin America Advisor
El Salvador's electoral court yesterday declared leftist Salvador Sánchez Cerén the winner of the country's razor-close election. Runner-up Norman Quijano, however, can still appeal. How long will the dispute over the contested election drag on?

March 12, 2014: What Can the Middle East & Latin America Offer Each Other?
By R. Evan Ellis, Cecilia Baeza, and Cecilia Porras Eraso
Source: Latin America Advisor
What is behind increasing engagement between the Middle East and Latin America? What do the regions have to offer each other economically? What businesses stand to gain from stronger ties?

March 12, 2014: Bachelet's regional challenges
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Even before Michelle Bachelet began her second term she got a taste of the difficult regional climate she will have to deal with over the next four years. The Venezuela crisis – which was hard to ignore during her inauguration – exposes and highlights Latin America's deep political polarization.

March 12, 2014: Los desafíos regionales de Bachelet
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Incluso antes de que Michelle Bachelet comenzara su segundo período saboreó algo del complejo clima regional que tendrá que enfrentar durante los próximos cuatro años. La crisis en Venezuela – que marcó los días de su asunción – puso en evidencia y destacó la profunda polarización política de América Latina.

March 12, 2014: Mando de mujer
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Pulso
Tenemos una tremenda oportunidad que depende de todos. No será fácil. Pero seamos capaces de distinguir las enormes posibilidades del momento actual de las dificultades inevitables de gobernar. No transformemos anticipadamente esas dificultades en ánimo derrotista, sino en voluntad de hacerlo bien. La oportunidad no visita a los pesimistas, viene con el optimismo.

March 4, 2014: A Joint Declaration on Venezuela
By Oscar Arias Sánchez, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Ricardo Lagos and Alejandro Toledo
As friends of Venezuelan democracy, we are confident that the country will succeed in overcoming the extreme polarization and intolerance that have dominated the political scene in recent years – evils which have eroded the efficacy of internal mechanisms for democratic debate as well as confidence in the Independence and impartiality of many important institutions. At the same time, we call on the international community to make a concerted effort to strengthen democracy and preserve the peace in Venezuela.

March 4, 2014: Una Declaración Conjunta sobre Venezuela
By Oscar Arias Sánchez, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Ricardo Lagos y Alejandro Toledo
Como amigos que somos de la democracia venezolana, confiamos que ese país logre superar la extrema polarización y la intolerancia que han dominado la escena política en los últimos años, males que han venido erosionando la eficacia de las diversas instancias internas para el debate democrático así como la confianza en la independencia e imparcialidad de numerosas y relevantes instituciones. Al mismo tiempo, hacemos un llamado a la comunidad internacional a sumarse a un esfuerzo concertado para el fortalecimiento de la democracia y la preservación de la paz en Venezuela.

March 3, 2014: Venezuela y la izquierda borbónica
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: La Tercera
¿Cómo se puede luchar por la profundización de la democracia en Chile y justificar, en Venezuela, el encarcelamiento de un líder opositor, acusado por el Jefe de Estado de actos que en toda democracia son legítimos?

March 2, 2014: Venezuela Needs Its Neighbors
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Events in the Ukraine have surely lifted the morale of anti-government protestors in Venezuela and probably elevated their expectations as well. No question, there are many parallels between the South American and Eastern European nations.

March 2, 2014: Venezuela necesita a sus vecinos
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Las manifestaciones que llevaron a la salida del mandatario de Ucrania seguramente levantaron la moral de aquellos que protestan contra el gobierno en Venezuela; y probablemente también elevaron sus expectativas. Sin duda hay muchos paralelos entre la nación sudamericana y la de Europa del Este.

February 28, 2014: What Did the 'Three Amigos' Summit Accomplish?
By Peter Hakim, Arturo Sarukhan, Andrés Rozental, and Carlo Dade
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Obama, Mexican President Peña Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Harper met last week for the annual North American Leaders' Summit. What did the summit accomplish, and on what issues did it fall short of its potential?

February 28, 2014: Asuntos claves en América Central
By Hugo Martínez
en julio de 2010, los Jefes de Estado y de gobierno de los países miembros de SICA, cordaron relanzar el proceso de integración regional, a través de acciones proactivas en cinco áreas principales: gestión integral del riesgo y cambio climático, seguridad democrática, integración social y lucha contra la pobreza, integración económica, fortalecimiento institucional.

February 27, 2014: Empresarios y educación
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: La Prensa (Nicaragua)
Es difícil no admirar el progreso que observamos en términos de la participación activa del mundo empresarial en los esfuerzos de mejorar la calidad educativa. La gran noticia es que la vieja idea que la educación es responsabilidad de todos se está convirtiendo en una realidad.

February 26, 2014: Will Venezuela's Deadly Protests Spin Out of Control?
By Michael Shifter, Peter Winn and David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Deadly protests, the largest since President Nicolás Maduro's election last year, have wracked Venezuela in recent weeks. The demonstrations were punctuated on Feb. 18 by the arrest of opposition leader Leopoldo López, who had been organizing the protests. Why did these protests erupt now, and why did they turn deadly this time? Does the situation pose a threat to Maduro's government? How will López's jailing affect the opposition?

February 24, 2014: América Latina debe actuar ante crisis venezolana
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
¿Puede el gobierno liderado por Nicolás Maduro sobrevivir a la ola de protestas callejeras que se han extendido por toda Venezuela en las últimas dos semanas? ¿Va a hacer concesiones a los manifestantes? Las respuestas no son claras. Pero lo que está claro hasta ahora es que lo que suceda en Venezuela no será por la presión ejercida por sus vecinos.

February 24, 2014: Latin America Must Act
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Can the government led by Nicolas Maduro survive the wave of street protests that have spread throughout Venezuela over the past two weeks? Will he make any concessions to the protesters? The answers are unclear. But what is clear until now is whatever happens in Venezuela will not be because of any pressure applied by the country’s neighbors.

February 21, 2014: Metas de aprendizaje y la agenda global: hacia una posición latinoamericana
By Ariel Fiszbein y Eduardo Vélez Bustillo
Source: PREAL Blog
Las metas del milenio que los países miembros de las Naciones Unidas subscribieron en el año 2000 pusieron el énfasis en mejorar el acceso a la educación primaria. Sin embargo, dejan abierta la pregunta acerca de cuáles deban ser las metas de aprendizaje específicas. Como es bien conocido, el ‘diablo se encuentra en los detalles.’

February 19, 2014: Learning Goals and the Global Agenda: Toward a Latin American Proposal
By Ariel Fiszbein and Eduardo Vélez Bustillo
Source: PREAL Blog
The Millennium Development Goals endorsed by member countries of the United Nations in the year 2000 emphasized improving access to primary education. They leaves open, however, the question of what the specific learning goals should be. As is well known, “the devil is in the details.”

February 19, 2014: Why has the level of remittances to the region stagnated?
By Manuel Orozco, Earl Jarrett, Mario Trujillo and Hugo Cuevas Mohr
Source: Latin America Advisor
Overall remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean were flat in 2013 as compared to 2012, according to a new report by the Inter-American Dialogue. A few countries, including Bolivia, Honduras and Guatemala, saw significant growth, but several others like Jamaica or El Salvador saw no growth, while remittances decreased to countries including Mexico and Brazil. What is behind the stagnant remittances to the region? Which countries' economies will feel the most pain? Will the current trends continue?

February 19, 2014: Fallos gemelos
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El mes pasado se celebró en la Habana el encuentro de la Comunidad de estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños (CELAC), en la que se encuentran todos los países del hemisferio salvo Estados Unidos y Canadá. Fue una celebración con un único punto de consenso entre los miembros de la comunidad, su oposición a las políticas estadounidenses que tratan de aislar y castigar a Cuba, que se ven como injustas, anacrónicas e improductivas

February 16, 2014: The Promise of a Pacific Alliance
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Free trade supporters are cheering the Pacific Alliance and it is easy to understand why. Comprised of Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile, the bloc accounts for more than a third of Latin America’s gross domestic product and has moved quickly on a path to integrate their economies since it was formally established 20 months ago.

February 16, 2014: Promisoria Alianza del Pacífico
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Los partidarios del libre comercio están animando la Alianza del Pacífico, y es fácil entender por qué. Compuesta por México, Colombia, Perú y Chile, el bloque representa más de un tercio del Producto Interno Bruto de América Latina y se ha movido rápidamente hacia la integración de sus economías desde que se estableció formalmente hace 20 meses.

February 10, 2014: Twin Failures
By Peter Hakim
Source: LatAmSource
Last month’s meeting in Havana of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States was a celebration of the single point of consensus among the Community’s members: their opposition to US policies that seek to isolate and punish Cuba, which they view as unfair, unjust, anachrostic, and unproductive.

February 4, 2014: Terrorist Groups in Latin America: The Changing Landscape
By Michael Shifter
Source: Statement before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade
Latin America has undergone a dramatic transformation in recent decades. Most of the changes have been positive. The region has grown economically, poverty and inequality rates have fallen, and in most countries democratic governance and pragmatic politics have made notable strides. On the negative side of the ledger is spreading criminality in many countries, often fueled by a widespread drug trade and other illicit activities. The result has been institutional fragility and persistent corruption.

February 4, 2014: Mexico y Estados Unidos: nuevas oportunidades
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Reforma
Tras las últimas décadas, las crecientes interconexiones entre México y los EEUU -de nuestras economías, nuestra cultura y nuestros intereses- cuentan la historia de una transformación asombrosa. Hoy, tal vez por primera vez, las oportunidades compartidas en la relación claramente sobrepasan nuestras diferencias y apuntan a nuevas oportunidades.

February 4, 2014: From distant neighbors to natural partners
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Miami Herald
Over the last decades, the growing connections between Mexico and the United States — of our economies, our cultures and our interests — tell a story of breathtaking transformation. Besides the concrete achievements of increased trade and investment, we see a striking change in tone from officials on both sides, from the suspicion and defensiveness of generations past to confidence, optimism and, increasingly, trust.

February 2, 2014: A Critical Test of Leadership
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty and Nelson W. Cunningham
Source: Huffington Post
In his State of the Union address last week, President Obama took a good first step in asking Congress to provide the tools he needs to close two of the most ambitious trade deals in U.S. history. But he faces an immediate challenge from within his party that could imperil negotiations, with huge stakes for the U.S. globally and for our economy at home.

February 1, 2014: La actualización del nodelo: Balance y perspectiva de la transición socialista
By Humberto Herrera Carles
El Taller «Cuba, la Actualización del Modelo» (Washington DC y La Habana, 2 de junio, 2013),1 convocado por la revista Temas y el David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies (DRCLAS), de la Universidad de Harvard, reunió a un grupo de quince estudiosos cubanos, norteamericanos y europeos, en torno al análisis y discusión de los cambios recientes en Cuba, sus raíces, características e impactos. El evento se desarrolló mediante una videoconferencia entre las dos sedes —Diálogo Interamericano (Washington DC) y Cubarte (La Habana)2— que permitió exponer y debatir cuatro temas centrales.

January 31, 2014: How Important Is U.S. Fast-Track Authority for Trade Deals?
By Peter Hakim, Cameron T. Combs, Arturo Sarukhan, and James R. Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Senators Baucus and Hatch and Rep. Camp introduced a bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority bill that would give the president the authority to negotiate trade accords that Congress would then be able to approve or reject, but not amend. How important is fast-track authority for pending trade deals?

January 26, 2014: Why the U.S. should legalize marijuana
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Miami Herald
Tiny Uruguay made waves a month ago by becoming the first nation anywhere to fully legalize the sale and use of recreational marijuana. Colorado and Washington, however, had already beaten them to the punch, and a handful of other states are expected soon to follow suit.

January 26, 2014: Obama esperará ver los resultados de la legalización de la marihuana
By Interview with Michael Shifer
Source: El Deber
Las iniciativas de legalización de la marihuana en el estado de Colorado y en Uruguay son bienvenidas. Claramente hay una necesidad de cambio, o por lo menos un serio debate, sobre las políticas antidrogas, y moverse hacia la legalización de la marihuana puede ser un buen lugar para comenzar.

January 24, 2014: Press Advisory: Inter-American Dialogue Among Top 2% of U.S. Think-Tanks
By Inter-American Dialogue
The Inter-American Dialogue is ranked among the top two percent of think tanks in the United States for the third consecutive year, according to a new University of Pennsylvania survey.

January 17, 2014: México - mudanças em curso
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Entre as muitas razões que alteraram as expectativas dos investidores em relação ao Brasil, há, certamente, uma explicação bastante plausível que vem de fora: a virada que tem experimentado o México sob a administração do presidente Enrique Peña Nieto. Por que razão investidores estrangeiros não poderiam manter os dois maiores países da América Latina em sua lista prioritária de investimentos?

January 15, 2014: NAFTA at Twenty: Accomplishments, Challenges, and the Way Forward
By Carla A. Hill
Source: Statement before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
By joining the economies of Canada, Mexico and the United States, the NAFTA created a $19 trillion regional market with 470 million consumers. It was the first comprehensive free trade agreement to join developed and developing nations and it has served as a template for our subsequent trade negotiations.

January 14, 2014: What Is the State of Poverty and Inequality in Latin America?
By Nora Lustig, Jacqueline Pitanguy, and Maria Velez de Berliner
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite economic progress, Latin American countries have failed to address the plight of people living on the poverty line. Why has inequality continued to persist in the Americas?

January 10, 2014: Brasil e EUA, a história da Saab
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Brasil após a muitas vezes adiada decisão brasileira de gastar quase US$ 5 bilhões na compra de jatos de combate da fabricante sueca Saab, em vez da rival americana Boeing.

January 10, 2014: Brazil and the United States: A Saab Story
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazil recently opted to purchase nearly $5 billion worth of fighter jets from Swedish manufacturer Saab, rather than from its US rival Boeing. The central question is not about the wisdom of Brazil’s decision. It is about whether the Brazilian government rejected the Boeing planes because it had lost confidence in the US government or wanted to make it pay a price for dismissing Brazilian concerns about surveillance.

January 9, 2014: China and Latin America in 2013
By Peter Hakim and Margaret Myers
Source: China Policy Review
2013 was the 15th year of China’s “going out” initiative. During this period, the Asian giant’s economic relations with Latin America expanded rapidly. Today China’s trade with Brazil, Chile, and Peru tops that of any other country and some estimates suggest that in 15 years, China will become Latin America’s largest trade partner.

January 9, 2014: China y Latinoamérica despues de 2013
By Peter Hakim y Margaret Myers
Source: Infolatam
En 2013, la iniciativa china “going out” cumplió 15 años. Durante este período las relaciones económicas del gigante asiático con América Latina se expandieron rápidamente. Algunas estimaciones sugieren que en 15 años, China se convertirá en el mayor socio comercial de América Latina.

January 9, 2014: Will This Time Be Different for Latin America?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin America Advisor
Today, Latin America is confronted with a difficult situation. Its economic revival has petered out as commodity prices have stagnated, capital flows have reversed and left the region, and macroeconomic policies remain complacent. The key question is whether Latin American countries will face a serious internal and external crisis, something they thought they had left behind.

January 9, 2014: Este 2014, ¡seamos el mejor país del mundo!
By Salvador Paíz
Source: El Periódico
La culminación de un año marca un hito en el tiempo a partir del cual podemos visualizar los cambios que nos rodean y de los cuales fuimos parte. Para Guatemala el 2013 fue un año un tanto revuelto, pero bien vale la pena rescatar y resaltar los avances.

January 8, 2014: PISA and the State of Education in Latin America
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: PREAL Blog
PISA plays a critical role in enabling international comparisons of results and giving a complementary perspective of the most frequent measurements of learning at the national level. It reminds us that we can learn from the experience of others, without suggesting that we should mechanically copy policies and programs.

January 8, 2014: La prueba PISA y el estado de la educación en América Latina
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: PREAL Blog
PISA, así como otras pruebas internacionales, cumple un rol crítico al permitir la comparación de resultados que da una perspectiva complementaria a las más frecuentes mediciones de aprendizaje a nivel nacional. PISA nos recuerda que podemos aprender de la experiencia de otros, sin que eso implique copiar mecánicamente políticas y programas.

January 8, 2014: China eyes overseas agriculture to achieve food security
By Margaret Myers
Source: Caixin Online
As has been the case since the Mao era, self-sufficiency in staple foods is a primary objective of the Communist Party. Latin America can expect China to increase its interest in agriculture as it seeks to complement domestic production with imports.

January 7, 2014: U.S. Learning to Live With Strained Ecuador Ties
By Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
Since President Rafael Correa came to power seven years ago, U.S. relations with Ecuador have been rocky and in dealing with Correa, Washington faces difficult policy choices.

January 6, 2014: The Future of Inter-American Relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: Calgary Papers in Military and Strategic Studies
The United States and Latin America have been drifting apart for a decade or more. The critical question, however, is not where inter-American relations stand today, but where they are headed in the coming decades. An examination of three major scenarios is meant to contribute to an understanding of the principal factors that will likely shape the future of hemispheric affairs.

January 6, 2014: La crisis energética de Argentina en números
By Claudio Loser
Source: Infolatam
Desde el invernal hemisferio norte, quizás uno no puede asumir totalmente el efecto de la crisis energética que enfrenta Argentina. Además en todo el mundo pueden aparecer picos de consumo debido a tormentas, olas de calor y frio, u otros hechos similares. Sin embargo los problemas recientes de cortes y apagones, seguramente repetibles, muestran un problema sustancialmente más serio.

January 6, 2014: What Are the Best Options for Modernizing NAFTA?
By Arturo Sarukhán, Carl Meacham, Jeff Faux, Ben Beachy, and James R. Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Secretary of State Kerry said recently that he is exploring the possibility of deepening the North American Free Trade Agreement to strengthen trade ties with Canada and Mexico with an eye toward expanding the agreement to include other countries in the hemisphere. How significant of a priority should strengthening NAFTA be as compared to other trade agreements, and would other countries be interested in participating?

December 30, 2013: Four Top Stories from Latin America in 2013
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
In 2013, four news stories in Latin America stood out. All have long histories and huge implications. They are still evolving, and bear close watching in 2014.

December 30, 2013: Lo que le dejó el año a América Latina y que seguirá en 2014
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En 2013 se destacaron cuatro grandes noticias en América Latina. Todas tienen largas historias y enormes implicaciones. Todavía están evolucionando, y estarán bajo vigilancia en 2014.

December 23, 2013: How Will Latin American Economies Perform in 2014?
By Alicia Bárcena, Alfredo Coutiño, and Erich Arispe
Source: Latin America Advisor
Economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean has been in "low gear," the International Monetary Fund said in October. What will drive the region's economic growth in the coming year? Which countries will experience solid economic expansion in 2014, and which will struggle? Where have government policies done the most good or damage to growth?

December 23, 2013: La soledad de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
Como estudiante de historia, Barack Obama sabe que los presidentes de Estados Unidos rara vez tienen éxito en sus segundos mandatos. Sin embargo, Obama cree que de alguna manera sería capaz de evitar la "maldición del segundo periodo".

December 23, 2013: Obama's Solitude
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
As a student of history, Barack Obama knew that US presidents rarely have successful second terms. Nonetheless, a year ago Obama believed he would somehow be able to avoid the “second term curse.” But the first year of Obama’s second term has – sadly for him, and the country – followed the traditional pattern.

December 20, 2013: What Does 2014 Hold for U.S.-Latin America Relations?
By Arturo Sarukhán, Rubens Barbosa, Peter Hakim, Julia Buxton, and Riordan Roett
Source: Latin America Advisor
What lies ahead for U.S.-Latin America relations in the coming year? To what extent will the Obama administration seek to strengthen ties in the region? How much will Latin American countries want to work with the United States?

December 20, 2013: The Top 2013 LGBT Stories from the Americas
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: Huffington Post
Our hemisphere is quickly becoming one of the most gay-friendly territories in the world. It has far and beyond the most people living with access to marriage equality, not to mention the largest pride celebration on Earth. Many countries in the Americas are expanding their safeguards against discrimination and boast some of the world's most vibrant LGBT movements. But not everything is advancing in a positive direction. This is our pick for the top LGBT stories - both positive and negative - from the Americas in 2013.

December 16, 2013: Petróleo y Gas en América Latina: Los mismos guiones, pero con distintos elencos
By Claudio Loser
Source: Infolatam
Es muy común entre los latinoamericanistas pensar que vemos la misma película a través de los años. En realidad, es más de una. Los argumentos son los mismos, pero los protagonistas rotan. Ciertamente en el caso de la utilización del petróleo y el gas es así.

December 16, 2013: Bachelet 2.0: El mérito… y el peligro
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
El triunfo de Michelle Bachelet se entiende mejor si su análisis se inicia con una referencia tanto a la derrota de la Concertación hace cuatro años, como a la de la Alianza el día de ayer.

December 15, 2013: It's Time for Nafta 2.0
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Wall Street Journal
Twenty years ago this month President Bill Clinton signed the North American Free Trade Agreement into law. If there is one thing supporters and critics of this pact have always agreed on, it is the size of the stakes. In November 1993, Mr. Clinton, facing fierce opposition within his party, implored Congress to pass Nafta as a vote for the country's future, a sign that "we still have confidence in ourselves and our potential."

December 12, 2013: Hombre mirando a Sudáfrica
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Qué Pasa
La de Mandela fue mucho más que una transición a la democracia: fue la construcción de una nación en una sociedad dividida y segregada. Pero Sudáfrica, como Chile, ya cambió. Y lo que viene será distinto.

December 6, 2013: President Juan Manuel Santos Comes to Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
President Santos’ visit to the United States this week reaffirmed that Colombia is the United States’ principal ally in South America—and that Colombia highly values its close ties with Washington.

December 6, 2013: Tras la visita de Santos a Obama, todo sigue igual: es decir, bien
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La visita en esta semana del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos a EE.UU. reafirma que Colombia es el principal aliado de Estados Unidos en Sudamérica además de estar entre sus principales socios comerciales -- Y también que Colombia saborea sus estrechos lazos con Washington.

December 2, 2013: U.S.-Brazil Relations at an Impasse
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista Brasileira de Comercio Exterior
Outwardly friendly, Brazilian and US leaders regularly assert that their bilateral relationship is as good or better than it has ever been. Yet, despite the continuing rhetoric, neither government has been willing to invest much in advancing or upgrading the relationship.

December 2, 2013: Relações entre Brasil e Estados Unidos estão em impasse
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista Brasileira de Comercio Exterior
Muito antes de os presidentes Dilma Rousseff e Barack Obama decidirem adiar a viagem da líder brasileira a Washington, já estava claro que essa visita tão esperada não produziria muitos resultados concretos, ainda que o evento estivesse sendo enfeitado com a roupagem de um “assunto de Estado”.

December 1, 2013: ¿Qué puede hacer Obama en el Medio Oriente?
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Realidad y Perspectivas de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Chile
Tres hechos nuevos han irrumpido en el escenario del Medio Oriente: reanudación de conversaciones entre Israel y Palestina; entendimientos entre EEUU, Rusia y Siria para destruir armas químicas, y la decisión de Irán de negociar con EEUU y la UE por tema nuclear. Ante tales avances hubo tres reacciones: rechazo israelí a las conversaciones con Irán, protesta saudita declinando su asiento en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU, e insistencia de Turquía en sacar a Assad.

November 23, 2013: The Legacy of JFK
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
JFK’s legacy, from civil rights to Vietnam, remains a subject of great debate. It is striking how much of his short presidency –- just 1000 days -- was related to Latin America.

November 23, 2013: El Legado de JFK
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El legado de JFK, desde los derechos civiles hasta Vietnam, sigue siendo un tema de gran debate. Llama la atención cuanto de ese legado estaba relacionado con América Latina durante su corta presidencia -- sólo 1.000 días.

November 21, 2013: My way or the "trail"
By Scott Odell
Source: The Broker
There is no easy answer to the question of the fate of Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT region, but a few key steps can maximize the areas of agreement of the many vested interests.

November 20, 2013: The US in the Early 21st Century: Decline or Renewal?
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
The bitter impasse finally, if temporarily, resolved in Washington last week made it absolutely evident to all that the US faces serious problems. These problems did not suddenly arise, nor are they limited to the showdown of government activities and services and the raising the national debt limit. The difficulties are not only political, but also economic and social; they have developed over many years, and they are by no means resolved.

November 19, 2013: Um evento vira histórico pelo que vem depois dele
By Mariana Timóteo da Costa, Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: O Globo
Um dos maiores especialistas nas relações entre Brasil e Estados Unidos, Peter Hakim, de 71 anos, coordena o Diálogo Interamericano, grupo de intelectuais que discute o tema. Ele falou sobre os ecos do julgamento do mensalão por telefone, de Porto Alegre, onde participava de um congresso.

November 18, 2013: Migration and Development: Current Trends and Policy Options
By Julia Yansura
On November 15, 2013 the Inter-American Dialogue organized a meeting on migration and development in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, co-sponsored by the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) and the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH).

November 17, 2013: ¿Qué está en juego en las elecciones presidenciales de Chile?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
En America Latina, las miradas nuevamente están puestas sobre Chile. ¿Podrá el país que por largo tiempo ha sido visto como un laboratorio por sus políticas innovadoras continuar siendo un referente para una región que busca enfrentar antiguas inequidades y a la vez mantener la democracia y el crecimiento?

November 17, 2013: What’s At Stake in Chile’s Presidential Elections?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
In Latin America, eyes are once again on Chile. Will the country long seen as a laboratory for policy innovation continue to be a reference for a region that is seeking to address longstanding inequalities, while maintaining democracy and economic growth?

November 7, 2013: A Conversation with the Former President of Bolivia, Jorge Quiroga
By Megan Cook
"Democracy is under siege" in Bolivia, the country's former president and a current opposition leader, Jorge Quiroga, said last week at the Inter-American Dialogue in a presentation blasting the current government's record on democratic governance.

November 6, 2013: Will a New Development Accord Succeed in Guatemala?
By Salvador Paiz, Jeffrey Puryear, and James M. Meyer
Source: Latin America Advisor
In early October, Guatemala's president, members of his cabinet, as well as business and religious leaders in the Central American nation agreed to work together to reduce malnutrition, improve education and provide youths with the skills necessary to be successful in the labor market. Will the accord be implemented successfully and achieve its goals?

November 4, 2013: Reforma Fiscal en México
By Alicia Bárcena
Source: Reforma
La reciente aprobación legislativa del paquete de reformas fiscales impulsado por el ejecutivo, y concebidas originalmente al abrigo del Pacto por México, motiva reflexiones que apuntan a perfilar un balance parcial sobre sus avances, limitaciones y pendientes.

October 30, 2013: As Spain, Latin America’s Fortunes Shift, Ibero-American Summit Loses Steam
By Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
When the Ibero-American Summit convened in Panama on Oct. 16, it bore little resemblance in spirit and tenor to its launch in 1991. Where do Ibero-American relations now stand?

October 27, 2013: Dictaduras del Siglo XXI
By Emilio Palacio entrevista a Osvaldo Hurtado
Source: ÚnetEcuador
El ex presidente del Ecuador Osvaldo Hurtado visitó Estados Unidos para promover su libro Dictaduras del Siglo XXI, ahora traducido al inglés. Le pedí conversar y aceptó de inmediato. Fue una charla extensa con uno de los pocos jefes de la oposición que se atreve a tildar de dictador a Rafael Correa.

October 27, 2013: Summit Fatigue
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Last year, Enrique Iglesias called for a “modernization” of the Ibero-American Summit that matches priorities of the meetings with the real problems facing the countries that make up the “Iberoamerican family.” Yet, the 23rd summit held made it clear that the “family” was becoming less and less unified and committed to a common purpose.

October 27, 2013: La fatiga de las cumbres
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El año pasado, Enrique Iglesias, secretario general de la Cumbre Iberoamericana, pidió una reforma del proceso iniciado en 1991 en Guadalajara, México. Instó a la "modernización" para que las prioridades de las reuniones correspondan a los problemas reales que enfrentan los países que conforman la "familia iberoamericana".

October 21, 2013: Why Have Businesses in Colombia Become so Pessimistic?
By Antonio Navarro Wolff, Alexander Chalmers, and Andy Webb-Vidal
In August, the level of business confidence in Colombia fell to its lowest level since 2009, according to local think tank Fedesarrollo. Why have businesses operating in Colombia become so pessimistic? To what extent have the policies of President Juan Manuel Santos helped or hindered businesses? Which sectors have thrived during Santos' administration, and which have struggled?

October 14, 2013: The State Visit that Wasn't
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de Sao Paolo
The “postponement” of President Rousseff’s state visit reveals a great deal about U.S.-Brazilian relations. The opportunities for bilateral cooperation are countless. Yet U.S.-Brazilian disagreements have blocked progress on multiple fronts.

October 14, 2013: A visita de Estado que não houve
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
O "adiamento" da visita de Estado da presidente Dilma Rousseff revela muito sobre as relações Brasil-EUA. São inúmeras as oportunidades de cooperação. Os desentendimentos, todavia, têm bloqueado o progresso rumo a tratados fundamentais sobre comércio bilateral, tributos e investimentos.

October 6, 2013: La maniobra de Maduro frente a Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace cuatro meses, después de una reunión entre el secretario de Estado de EE. UU. John Kerry y el ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Venezuela, Elías Jaua, en la Asamblea General de la OEA en Guatemala, un eventual reacercamiento entre Washington y Caracas parecía posible. Las relaciones políticas han sido tensas y conflictivas desde que Hugo Chávez llegó al poder en 1999.

October 6, 2013: Maduro's Latest US Maneuvers
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Four months ago, an eventual rapprochement between Washington and Caracas looked possible. Unfortunately, hope for better relations quickly faded with the recent expulsion of US and Venezuelan diplomats.

October 2, 2013: 'Obamacare', manzana de la discordia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Faltan más de tres años de su segundo mandato, pero hasta el momento el legado principal del presidente Obama ha sido su reforma de salud, ampliamente conocida como ‘Obamacare.’ Curiosamente, justo este martes, el día en que empezó la era del ‘Obamacare’, muchas partes del gobierno federal dejaron de operar.

September 30, 2013: Was Maduro's Recent Trip to China a Success?
By Riordan Roett, Margaret Myers, Gustavo Roosen, and Dan Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro this month made a three-day visit to China, his first official state trip abroad since taking office in April. Was the trip a success for Maduro? For China?

September 24, 2013: Why Are Tensions Rising Between Nicaragua & its Neighbors?
By Francisco Campbell, Christine Wade, and Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Source: Latin America Advisor
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega recently said the country will seek to regain control of Guanacaste province, which it lost to Costa Rica in 1824. Meanwhile, tensions between Nicaragua and Colombia over their maritime boundaries, ostensibly settled by an International Court of Justice ruling late last year, have been reignited. What is behind Ortega's bellicose statements?

September 24, 2013: Presentación del reporte: (Mal)gasto - Estado de la educación en México
By Claudio X. González Guajardo
Source: Mexicanos Primero
Claudio X. González introduces a new report by Mexicanos Primero, "(Mis)spent: The State of Education in Mexico 2013."

September 18, 2013: How Important Are Mexico's Proposed Tax System Reforms?
By James R. Jones, Andrés Rozental, Rogelio Ramírez de la O, Alfredo Coutiño, and Lisa M. Schineller
Source: Latin America Advisor
Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto unveiled his plan for an overhaul of the country's tax system. The reforms would impose new taxes on the country's top earners as well as on capital gains. How important are tax system reforms for Mexico's economy? Do the specific parts of the reform address the right areas?

September 12, 2013: When Principle Hardly Mattered
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
It has been painful to watch President Obama agonize over the appropriate US response to Syria and to other nations of the Middle East. Yet not so long ago, US foreign policy decision-making was far less troubled by principle. From Nixon to Obama, the US has made some progress in the past 40 years.

September 12, 2013: Estados Unidos y Chile, hace 40 años
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Puede ser penoso observar como agoniza la administracion Obama en la búsqueda de respuestas apropiadas de EE.UU. ante Siria y ane el resto de Oriente Medio. Sin embargo, no hace mucho tiempo la politica exterior de Estados Unidos era mucho más simple, cruel y menos atribulada por principio. EE.UU. ha hecho algún progreso desde hace 40 años.

September 10, 2013: Will Teachers' Resistance Derail Mexico's Education Reforms?
By Reyes Tamez Guerra, Jeffrey Puryear, Andrés Rozental, and Sergio Bitar
Source: Latin America Advisor
Last week, Mexico's Congress gave final approval to an overhaul of the country's education system but will protests derail or significantly dilute the reforms? What are the most important parts of the overhaul, and how can they be implemented in the face of teacher resistance?

September 9, 2013: Chile: Lecciones aprendidas a 40 años del Golpe Militar
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Pulso
La dictadura y su secuela de violación masiva de los derechos humanos y represión abrió una herida que no ha cerrado, pero los chilenos que la sufrieron han tenido la fortaleza de superarla y reconstruir una sociedad democrática. ¿Qué lecciones hemos aprendido los chilenos de esa gran tragedia ocurrida en 1973, de la lucha contra la dictadura y de la reconstrucción de nuestra democracia?

September 9, 2013: Development vs. Conservation: Global Trends in the Battle Over Oil in Ecuador’s Yasuní Rainforest
By Scott Odell
Source: New Security Beat
Ecuador, the OPEC member with the smallest amount of proven oil reserves, has gained outsized attention in the debate over the future of oil extraction in recent days and may well play a decisive role in the outcome of the global tension between economic development and environmental conservation.

September 9, 2013: Chinese Investment in Brazil: An Overview of Shifting Trends
By Tania O'Conor
Over the past decade, the Brazilian economy has benefited immensely from China’s accession in the global economy. Sustained levels of Chinese investment across a range of sectors from natural resources to manufacturing to services have introduced an important dimension to the bilateral relationship.

September 8, 2013: Obama at a Crossroads
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
On Tuesday night, Barack Obama will be making perhaps the most important speech of his presidency. Obama’s task will not be easy. He will try to persuade a very skeptical nation. It is never easy to predict what will happen once military action is underway, but it is hard to recall when uncertainties have been greater.

September 8, 2013: La encrucijada solitaria de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El martes en la noche, Barack Obama va a hacer tal vez el discurso más importante de su presidencia.

September 4, 2013: Is Legalization Possible?: Trends and Political Mapping of Immigration in the House of Representatives (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Julia Yansura
Immigration has sparked political debate in the United States for decades. Though many sectors recognize that the immigration system needs repair, the issue of what to do with the country’s estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants is a political lightening rod.

August 29, 2013: How Are Changing Demographics Affecting Latin America?
By Paulo Saad, John Price, and Daniel Cotlear
Source: Latin America Advisor
From 2010 to 2020, the number of working-age Latin Americans will grow by more than 40 million people yet by 2050, several large Latin American countries may have older populations than the US. What factors are driving demographic trends in Latin America and the Caribbean?

August 26, 2013: El experimento de la marihuana en Uruguay
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Los Angeles Times
El enfoque de EEUU sobre el control de drogas de no-coger-prisioneros (o más precisamente no-coger-demasiados-prisioneros) tiene pocos fans en América Latina, el campo de batalla más violento, con mucho, de la guerra contra la droga en los EEUU. Uruguay el país más pequeño de la región ha sido, sin embargo, el primero en rebelarse abiertamente.

August 26, 2013: O experimento da maconha no Uruguai
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Los Angeles Times
O enfoque dos EUA sobre o controle de drogas de não-capturar-prisioneiros (ou mais precisamente não-capturar-muitos-prisioneiros) tem poucos fãs na América Latina, o campo de batalha mais violento da guerra contra as drogas nos EUA. O Uruguai, o menor país da região foi, no entanto, o primeiro a se rebelar abertamente.

August 21, 2013: Uruguay's Marijuana Experiment
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Los Angeles Times
The United States' take-no-prisoners (or, perhaps more aptly, take-too-many-prisoners) approach to drug control has few fans in Latin America. Uruguay, the smallest country in the region, has been the first, however, to openly rebel.

August 19, 2013: Can Technology Help Quell Citizens' Anger at Their Governments?
By Juan Rada, Miguel A. Porrúa, Mike Mora, Beatrice Rangel, and Andres Maz
Source: Latin America Advisor
As government funding for public services comes under strain, elected officials and disgruntled citizens are increasingly looking to new technologies to both deliver services and express priorities and demands. What are the best practices for engaging citizens in the region through technology?

August 13, 2013: August Recess: A Time to Align Political Forces
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
August is a quiet month in Washington. The Congress is in recess for five weeks, until early September. When lawmakers return, they will face a number of crucial battles, including on the budget. In such a polarized political environment, none of these will be easy.

August 13, 2013: Un receso para alinear fuerzas políticas en EE.UU.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Agosto es un mes tranquilo en Washington. El Congreso está en receso durante cinco semanas, hasta principios de septiembre. Cuando los legisladores regresen, se enfrentarán a una serie de batallas cruciales, incluyendo la del presupuesto. En un entorno político tan polarizado, ninguna de estas va a ser fácil.

August 8, 2013: How Important Is Chinese Lending to Latin America?
By Margaret Myers, Sun Hongbo, Matt Ferchen, and Erik Bethel
Source: Latin America Advisor
Chinese lending to Latin America and the Caribbean hit an all-time high of $37 billion in 2010. But China's lending to the region has plummeted since then, to approximately $6.8 billion in 2012, according to data recently compiled by the Inter-American Dialogue. The drop-off was attributed mainly to a decline in Chinese lending to Venezuela. How important is Chinese lending to the region today? What does the decline in funding from China mean for Venezuela and the region as a whole? What will the future hold for Chinese lending to Latin America and the Caribbean?

August 5, 2013: Will Pope Francis' Trip Have Any Lasting Effects for Brazil?
By Peter Hakim, Timothy Scully, and Jacqueline Pitanguy
Source: Latin America Advisor
Last month, Pope Francis visited Brazil for a week of World Youth Day activities. The visit marked his first foreign trip as leader of the Roman Catholic church. Standing next to the pontiff, President Dilma Rousseff called for cooperation with the church to combat poverty and hunger. Why did Francis choose Brazil for his first foreign trip as pope? Was the trip a success, and for whom? Will the visit have any lasting consequences for Brazilian society, or the church's role in that country?

July 30, 2013: China y EE.UU. en Latam: ¿quien gana?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
No hay que negar que EE.UU. y China están compitiendo por mercados y oportunidades de inversión en Latinoamérica, pero no existe ningún conflicto serio entre China y Estados Unidos relacionado con la región. Mirando hacia el futuro, Washington tendría que continuar dando la bienvenida a la presencia activa y en expansión de China en Latinoamérica, tanto como China tendría que celebrar un fuerte rol de EE.UU.

July 30, 2013: China and the U.S. in Latin America: Who Wins?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
There is no evidence that the US is particularly troubled by China’s rapidly escalating presence—or that the two countries regard themselves as adversaries or rivals, contending for power, resources, and allies in the region. In fact, Latin America has proven to be a win-win situation for both China and the US.

July 27, 2013: E aí, presidente?
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Embora os brasileiros gostem de multidões, foi uma surpresa praticamente geral quando mais de 1 milhão de manifestantes saíram às ruas em mais de cem cidades para protestar. Os brasileiros, claro, estão revoltados com as falhas e fracassos do governo, e profundamente empenhados em mudar a maneira como o governo usa sua autoridade. O principal ônus da responsabilidade cabe à presidente Dilma Rousseff.

July 27, 2013: Now What, Madam President?
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Although Brazilians love crowds, it was a great surprise to virtually everyone in Brazil when more than a million protestors showed up on the streets of more than 100 cities. The protests should be viewed as an encouraging development for Brazil and leave one more optimistic about Brazil’s future.

July 17, 2013: Why Latin America (Hearts) Snowden
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
Edward Snowden requested political asylum of 20 or more countries across the globe to avoid facing espionage charges in the United States. Though he is now seeking temporary asylum from Russia, where he has been stranded in the Moscow airport, only a few nations, all in Latin America, have been openly receptive to his pleas.

July 17, 2013: ¿Por qué Latinoamérica abre su corazón a Snowden?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
Edward Snowden pidió asilo político en 20 o más países de todo el mundo para evitar enfrentar cargos por espionaje en Estados Unidos. Aunque ahora está solicitando asilo temporal en Rusia, donde se encuentra varado en el aeropuerto de Moscú, sólo unas pocas naciones, todas ellas en América Latina, se han mostrado receptivamente abiertas a sus pedidos.

July 8, 2013: Are Latin American Countries Thumbing Their Noses at the U.S.?
By William McIlhenny, Daniela Chacón Arias, and Carl Meacham
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden is the latest high-profile fugitive to seek political asylum from the United States in Latin America. Why are some governments in the region so eager to thumb their noses at the United States?

July 3, 2013: What's Really Behind South America's Wave of Street Protests?
By Henrique Rzezinski, Moisés Naím, Peter Hakim, and Moises Arce
Source: Latin America Advisor
A wave of street protests and strikes that broke out this month across Latin America took some officials and observers by surprise. Are these protests isolated events with unique causes or are there threads that unify them?

June 27, 2013: Christian and LGBT Groups Have Brought the Battle for Gay Rights to the Caribbean
By Javier Corrales & Cameron Combs
Source: The Atlantic
Controversy over the region's colonial-era "buggery" laws is exposing a new form of advocacy -- and anti-colonialism.

June 24, 2013: A Bolivarian Dream Deferred
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The Latin American left is back in the news thanks to the Edward Snowden saga, but the movement still hasn't found a leader to replace Hugo Chávez.

June 21, 2013: Drogas na America Latina (PDF)
By Peter Hakim and Kimberly Covington
Source: Política Externa
Latin America’s growing leadership on the sensitive issue of international drug policy has been on full view on the world stage.

June 21, 2013: Latin America’s War on Drug Policy
By Peter Hakim and Kimberly Covington
Source: Política Externa
Latin America’s growing leadership on the sensitive issue of international drug policy has been on full view on the world stage.

June 10, 2013: Where do Relations Between the U.S. and Brazil Stand Today?
By Peter Hakim, Roberto Teixeira da Costa, Paulo Sotero, Mark S. Langevin
Source: Latin America Advisor
During a recent three-day visit to Brazil, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden called for stronger ties between the two countries. Where do U.S.-Brazil relations stand today?

June 4, 2013: ¿Cómo afectará el informe de OEA al debate de la política sobre las drogas?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El informe de la OEA sobre las drogas es un impactante documento que cumple ampliamente el mandato de los Jefes de Estado americanos.

June 4, 2013: What Trends Have Been Driving Investment in the Region?
By Roberto Baquerizo, Alfredo Coutiño, Luis Oganes, and Lisa M. Schineller
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin America and the Caribbean received a record $173.36 billion of foreign direct investment last year, a 6.7 percent increase from 2011, according to data released May 14 by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. What factors and global trends have been driving these investments? Which countries fared best, and worst, in attracting foreign investment, and why? Will FDI in 2013 and 2014 continue to gain steam?

May 31, 2013: The OAS Report and Rethinking the Drug War
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Peter Hakim comments on the findings of the recently released Insulza Report on drug policy from the Organization of American States.

May 31, 2013: How Will the OAS Report Affect the Drug-Policy Debate?
By Peter Hakim, Juan Carlos Hidalgo, Vanda Felbab-Brown
Source: Latin America Advisor
OAS Secretary-General José Miguel Insulza presented the "Report on the Drug Problem in the Americas" on May 17. What effect, if any, is the report having on the drug policy debate in the United States and in the region?

May 30, 2013: Honduras Gang Truce, Modeled on El Salvador’s, Unlikely to See the Same Success
By Catherine Cheney, interview featuring Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics Review
In Honduras, the Central American country with the highest homicide rate in the world, the two largest and most dangerous street gangs declared a truce Tuesday.

May 29, 2013: Is Freedom of the Press in Danger in Latin America?
By Luis Manuel Botello, Horacio Verbitsky, and Carlos Lauría
Source: Latin America Advisor
Concerns about press freedom in the Americas have been in the headlines recently. In Colombia, authorities have warned the public of a plot by an organized crime group to kill several high-profile journalists. In Argentina, opposition leader and Buenos Aires City Mayor Mauricio Macri signed a decree "to guarantee protection to journalists and media in the city" as the government's ongoing dispute with country's largest media company has intensified. In Venezuela, the last major opposition television station was sold to investors believed to be friendly with the administration President Nicolás Maduro. What do these developments say about press freedom in the Americas? What are the most important trends that stakeholders (government, businesses, civil society) need to pay attention to? How has the evolution of social media and wider access to the Internet and communications technologies changed the debate over freedom of the press?

May 26, 2013: Passeio no“quintal” (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Correio Braziliense

May 23, 2013: A Tribute to Albert O. Hirschman
By Alejandro Foxley
Jeremy Adelman has written an extraordinary book about an extraordinary person: "Worldly Philosopher: The Odyssey of Albert O. Hirschman." After his death, "The Economist" posed the right question: why had Hirschman not been awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics?

May 14, 2013: The Politics of Poverty: South America's Conditional Cash Transfers (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: World Politics Review
The cross-country comparison suggests that however well designed and intentioned social programs might be, they are most likely to be sustainable if they are carried out within a context of effective democratic institutions. This is critical to ensuring that spending is adequately tailored to the changing needs of recipients instead of merely buttressing support for traditional officeholders. In this regard, political and institutional factors are central in accounting for the relative success of social policy experiments throughout Latin America.

May 13, 2013: How Solid Is Morales' Support as he Looks to a Third Term?
By Carlos Mesa, Kathryn Ledebur, Iván C. Rebolledo, and Miguel Centellas
Source: Latin America Advisor
Bolivia's Constitutional Court ruled last month that President Evo Morales can seek a third term in the presidential election scheduled for December 2014. How solid is Morales' support as he looks toward his next campaign? How strong is the opposition, and what could Morales' rivals do to gain an edge? Will Morales choose to make 2014 his last run for office?

May 8, 2013: Latin American Women Rising
By Joan Caivano and Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Polítca Exterior
Women in Latin America and the Caribbean have made tremendous strides towards achieving leadership in every sphere. Just over a decade ago, in 2000, the Inter-American Dialogue issued a report from a meeting of women political leaders that concluded, in Latin America and the Caribbean, “the highest circles of power still remain largely male dominated.”

May 8, 2013: Las mujeres de América Latina, al alza (PDF)
By Joan Caivano and Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Polítca Exterior
En las últimas dos décadas, el avance de la participación política de las mujeres en América Latina ha sido espectacular. La región, sin embargo, registra las mayores tasas del mundo en violencia contra las mujeres y mortalidad maternal a causa de abortos ilegales.

May 3, 2013: What Does the Future Hold for U.S.-Venezuela Relations?
By Michael Shifter, Gustavo Roosen, and Mark Weisbrot
Source: Latin America Advisor
The future of U.S.-Venezuela relations remains uncertain in the early days of the Nicolás Maduro administration. Maduro has voiced a desire for "respectful relations" with the United States, though Washington has still not recognized his government. The United States has denied that it is considering sanctions against Venezuela, and Venezuelan authorities recently arrested a U.S. citizen on accusations of attempting to spark social unrest. The State Department has denied any efforts to destabilize the Venezuelan government. Will U.S.-Venezuela relations be better or worse under Maduro than they were under Hugo Chávez? What do Maduro's cabinet picks portend about the future of bilateral relations? Should businesses be more worried about political risk in Venezuela now than they were when Chávez was alive?

May 1, 2013: Which Mexico for Obama?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
When President Barack Obama meets this week with President Enrique Peña Nieto in Mexico, he will be visiting a country that was much maligned throughout his first term. But Mexico’s standing in the United States and internationally has increased dramatically — along with its national self-esteem.

May 1, 2013: Democratic Governance in Latin America: A Work in Progress (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Policy Journal
Democracy is deepening across much of Latin America, especially in Mexico and Brazil, the two major countries. In a region once plagued by bloody coups and military interventionism, free and fair elections are now the norm. At the same time, in a number of countries, political parties are weak and there has been erosion of checks on executive authority.

April 29, 2013: John Kerry repite la visión que Hillary Clinton tuvo en los últimos cuatro años (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Las declaraciones del secretario de Estado, John Kerry, hacen eco de lo que precisamente su redecesora en el cargo, Hillary Clinton, decía repetidamente en los últimos cuatro años. La diferencia ahora, en el segundo periodo de su gobierno, es que Barack Obama no parece dispuesto a gastar tanto tiempo en tratar de mejorar las relaciones con gobiernos que han sido inamistosos con Washington.

April 19, 2013: Obama returns to Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Mexico and Central America present a test for the US. If Washington is unable respond to the opportunities in Mexico and the needs of Central America, it hard to imagine the US having any serious policy or strategy for the rest of Latin America.

April 15, 2013: The Promise of a North America-European Union Free Trade Agreement
By Carla A. Hills, Jaime Serra, and Michael Wilson
Source: El Financiero
The United States and the European are discussing the possible launch of negotiations to create a U.S.-EU Trade Agreement. Enlarging the proposed negotiations to include all three North American nations, Canada, Mexico, and the United States would create a unique, historic and much larger opportunity that has the potential to give a real boost to the economies of all of the nations involved as well as to the global economy.

April 15, 2013: ¿Qué significará el 12º Plan Quinquenal de China para las relaciones sino-latinoamericanas? (PDF)
By Margaret Myers and Yang Zhimin
Source: Apuntes
En marzo del 2011, la Asamblea Popular Nacional de China aprobó el 12º Plan Quinquenal del país, una extensa guía para la planificación social y económica hasta el año 2015. Los planes quinquenales de China no son herramientas de predicción confiables. Este artículo identifica tres desafíos destacados en el 12º Plan Quinquenal y susceptibles de ser abordados por el gobierno chino en los próximos años. Estos desafíos –la transformación económica, la escasez de recursos y la mejora de la industria– y las políticas propuestas para abordarlos tendrán también un papel central en configurar la floreciente relación de China con América Latina, así como con otras regiones. Las relaciones sino-latinoamericanas han crecido considerablemente en la última década, y continuarán expandiéndose. Los éxitos y fracasos de China al abordar sus desafíos nacionales definirán sus intereses globales y determinarán la trayectoria de sus compromisos con América Latina en los próximos años.

April 9, 2013: Why Is the OAS Human Rights Commission Under Fire?
By Carmen Lomellin, Nathalie Cely, and Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Organization of American States on March 22 rejected attempts by the governments of Venezuela and allied leftist countries to block outside funding for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Opponents of the effort to block funding say the move would have neutralized the work of the commission, which has angered leftist governments of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, or ALBA. What would rejecting outside funding have done to the IACHR? Do the ALBA countries have a legitimate gripe with the commission? Is the IACHR effective at protecting human rights in the hemisphere?

April 5, 2013: Is Bachelet a Shoo-in for Another Presidential Term in Chile?
By Jorge Heine, Peter M. Siavelis, Kirsten Sehnbruch, Peter Winn, and Patricio Nava
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet announced March 27 that she would run again for the country's presidency in the Nov. 17 election. Bachelet said that if elected to a second term in office, she would put income inequality at the top of her agenda. Is Bachelet, who still enjoys high approval ratings in Chile, a shoo-in for another term? Who will give Bachelet her toughest competition in the race? What issues are driving the campaign?

April 5, 2013: The End of Chavez Reveals U.S. Missteps
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
The acclaim and praise of late President Hugo Chavez throughout Latin America suggests a troubling degree of indifference to the US.

April 4, 2013: Obama mira otra vez al Sur
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Que Obama viaje a México el próximo mes para encontrarse con Peña Nieto otra vez, destaca el hecho de que, de entre todas las naciones de América Latina, México es abrumadoramente preeminente para los intereses y prioridades de EE.UU..

April 4, 2013: Obama Heads South Again
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
That President Obama will be traveling to Mexico to meet with Peña Nieto again highlights the fact that, among the nations of Latin America, Mexico is overwhelmingly preeminent for US interests and priorities.

April 2, 2013: In Which Direction Is Uruguay's Economy Headed?
By Graciana del Castillo, Claudio Loser, and Christian Daude
Source: Latin America Advisor
Fitch Ratings last month joined two other major ratings agencies in giving Uruguay its coveted investment grade, a move that lowers the nation's borrowing costs and opens up opportunities for new investors. Meanwhile, Uruguayan Vice President Danilo Astori said recently that trade relations with neighboring Argentina are "at their worst point in a long time" in the wake of new taxes in Argentina on vacation packages abroad, which "greatly affects Uruguay" due to the high proportion of Argentine tourists in Uruguay. How important are ties with Argentina to Uruguay's economic outlook? Considering the broader global economic picture, will investment-grade status bring Uruguay the benefits it expects? What priorities should the country's economic policymakers be focused on in the near- and mid-term?

March 27, 2013: Post Chavez: Can U.S. rebuild Latin American ties?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
The funeral of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez earlier this month was a massive celebration of a vitriolic foe of the United States. This tribute should make Washington take a fresh look not only at its relations with Venezuela but also with all of Latin America.

March 25, 2013: What Will the Proposed Telecom Overhaul Mean for Mexico?
By Daniel Castro, Ramiro Tovar Landa, Andrés Rozental, and James R. Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
The lower house of Mexico's Congress gave its approval Friday to a measure to overhaul the country's telecommunications industry and sent the legislation to the Senate. The reforms, proposed earlier this month by Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, are seen as an effort to break the dominance of billionaire Carlos Slim and broadcaster Televisa on the industry. What would the overhaul mean for the industry and for Mexico's economy in general? Will the reforms win the needed legislative approval? If Peña Nieto's telecom reform stumbles, does that mean trouble for other big reforms in the works, such as tax and energy sector reforms?

March 23, 2013: Farewell Comandante: Venezuela without Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Diplomatist
Since Hugo Chavez first came to power in Venezuela in early 1999, there has been no shortage of speculation about how the regime would ultimately end and what scenarios would eventually follow. Yet few, if any, contemplated the possibility that Chavez would end up leaving the political scene he so thoroughly dominated for 14 years as a result of a severe illness, at the age of 58.

March 20, 2013: The New Pope and Gay Rights
By Cameron Combs
Source: Americas Quarterly
The selection of a Latino Pope has called attention to the role of the Catholic Church in Latin America. While a reinvigorated Vatican engagement with the hemisphere is certainly not welcomed news by the LGBT community, the Pope is not the most imminent threat to equality in the Americas.

March 19, 2013: What Is Driving Peru's Relationship With China?
By Cynthia McClintock, Margaret Myers, and Carlos Mateo Paz-Soldan
President Ollanta Humala will pay an official visit to Beijing in April, Peru's government announced earlier this month. While China has reportedly invested about $6 billion in Peru over the past three years, Foreign Minister Rafael Roncagliolo recently called on Chinese companies to diversify their investments in the Andean nation, naming specifically the infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology sectors. What is the state of Peru-China commercial ties today? What is driving the bilateral relationship, and what things stand in the way of improvement? Who stands to benefit or lose the most from expanding Peru-China ties?

March 13, 2013: The Decade that Was (2003-2013)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El País
Latin America has, for the most part, seen sustained growth, reduced levels of poverty and equality, and rising confidence and activism on the global stage

March 13, 2013: La década que fue (2003-2013)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El País
América Latina ha visto casi en su totalidad un crecimiento sostenido, niveles de pobreza y desigualdad más reducidos y un aumento de la confianza y el activismo en el escenario mundial.

March 11, 2013: The Empire Makes Nice
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Four years ago, when the first Obama administration was still hopeful about the prospects of resetting relationships with U.S. adversaries in the world, Venezuela was high on the list.

March 7, 2013: With Chavez gone, what of ‘Chavismo’?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Reuters
"The End of the Chávez Era” That was the headline on Colombia’s major newspaper, El Tiempo, the day after Hugo Chávez’s death. True, Chávez’s controversial and colorful 14-year rule has ended, and Venezuela has lost a president who evoked uncommonly intense passions among followers and detractors. Venezuelans will not easily forget a leader who, for better or worse, was the consummate showman and left an indelible mark on a highly polarized society.

March 6, 2013: What Will a New Generation of Leadership Mean for Cuba?
By Peter Hakim, Stephen Wilkinson, Kirby Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
Cuban President Raúl Castro announced last month that he will retire in 2018. Cuba's parliament also approved Miguel Díaz-Canel, 52, as Cuba's first vice president, putting him in position to succeed Castro when he leaves office. What will having Díaz-Canel as vice president and possible successor to Castro mean for Cuba?

March 5, 2013: So Long, Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
To be sure, Chávez’s boldness partially helped inspire pride and political self-confidence in the region, in addition to revitalizing the dream of leftist revolution in Latin America. Chávez’s contributions, however, were minimal compared with the positive impact of larger and more important factors, such as the rise of Brazil, the commodity boom, the growing assertiveness of many of the region’s countries, and the acute fiscal and political shortcomings of the United States.

March 5, 2013: La fragmentación en Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El drama surrealista continúa. Los venezolanos y el resto del mundo esperan para ver qué pasa con Hugo Chávez. Los rumores sobre su estado de salud se han ido multiplicando pero cuando el vicepresidente Nicolás Maduro dice que Chávez está "luchando por su vida", es importante tomar nota

March 5, 2013: Fragmentation in Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The surreal drama continues. Venezuelans and the rest of the world wait and watch to see what happens with Hugo Chavez. Rumors about his health have been rampant, but when vice president Nicolas Maduro says that Chavez is “battling for his life,” it is important to take note.

March 1, 2013: In-Depth on the Falklands-Malvinas Dispute
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
An in-depth interview with Peter Hakim discussing the Falklands-Malvinas dispute and what that means in the context of Argentina's political situation.

March 1, 2013: How Well Has Peña Nieto Performed in His First 100 Days?
By Rogelio Ramirez de la O, James R. Jones, Andrés Rozental, Pamela Starr, and Duncan Wood
Source: Latin America Advisor
This month, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto marks 100 days in office. Fiscal and energy reforms that Peña Nieto had been expected to tackle quickly have been put off until later this year, while the president and his party have shifted their immediate focus to reforms in the areas including education and telecommunications. How well has Peña Nieto performed in his first 100 days? Is he focusing the beginning of his presidency on the right goals? Will the 'Pact for Mexico' agreement between the PRI and the two largest opposition parties hold? How might Mexico's local elections this July alter the current course?

February 25, 2013: La palanca judicial
By Jesús Silva-Herzog Márquez
Source: Reforma
Podría entenderse la política como una batalla contra la inercia. Una búsqueda esencialmente física de movimiento -o, vista del otro lado, una resistencia frente a la amenaza de la tracción. Todo proyecto de reforma enfrenta una energía motriz a un peso quieto. El impulso político fundamental radica en las máquinas representativas, en las palancas de la administración pública, en la presión de los movimientos sociales.

February 25, 2013: Brazil: The worst year in agricultural logistics
By Marcos Jank
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
This year Brazil is witnessing the largest harvest in its history. The country will harvest 185 million tons (MT) of grains and oilseeds, 11 percent more than in the previous year. We became the first producer (84 MT) and exporter (41 MT) worldwide of soybeans. We have also surpassed the United States as the leading worldwide exporter of maize (25 MT, compared to 23 MT U.S.), an unprecedented and surprising fact due to the terrible drought that hit the country in the middle of last year and caused a shortfall of over 110 million tons of grain.

February 25, 2013: Brasil y EE UU están de acuerdo en el desacuerdo (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Brasileños y estadounidenses parecen cómodos con una relación basada en el desacuerdo. A la desconfianza se une la incapacidad de encontrar intereses y propósitos comunes, pese a que asuntos globales como el comercio y el medio ambiente dependen de su cooperación.

February 24, 2013: Correa no logra llenar el ocaso de Chávez (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Hace una semana hubo dos importantes novedades en América Latina, una esperada, y la otra, menos. Sin sorpresas, Rafael Correa fue reelegido de manera aplastante en Ecuador. Y en un movimiento que econtró a muchos con la guardia baja, el aparentemente muy enfermo presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, retornó a Caracas.

February 24, 2013: Chávez void too large for Correa to fill
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
A week ago there was both expected and unexpected big news in Latin America. Not surprisingly, Rafael Correa won a landslide reelection in Ecuador. And in a move that caught many off guard, the apparently very ill Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez returned to Caracas from Havana.

February 19, 2013: Obama's State of the Union
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
After Barack Obama’s ambitious State of the Union speech a week ago, no one can justly accuse the US president of lacking a vision. Obama, more confident at the start of his second term, laid out a “wish list” of proposals.

February 19, 2013: El mensaje de la "unión" de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Después del ambicioso discurso del Estado de la Unión de Barack Obama, hace una semana, nadie puede acusar al presidente de los EE.UU. de la falta de visión. Obama, con más confianza en el inicio de su segundo mandato, expuso una "lista de deseos" de propuestas.

February 17, 2013: Venezuela después de Chávez
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Si Chávez volviera en gloria y majestad, con la integridad de su fuerza y su histrionismo, la situación de Venezuela saldría del ámbito de la política para ubicarse en el campo de los milagros y su análisis debiera ser entregado a ángeles y arcángeles que sí debieran saber de estos fenómenos.

February 11, 2013: Will the United States Overhaul its Immigration System?
By Ray Suarez, Dan Stein, Tamar Jacoby, and Jim Kolbe
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Barack Obama said Jan. 30 that he wants Congress to pass an immigration system overhaul in the first half of this year. Obama's comments came a day after he presented his plan for immigration reform and just after a bipartisan group of senators presented their own plan. What stands in the way of passing the legislation before July? Are the immigration reforms that would get through Congress likely to be significant enough to change the status quo? How might U.S. action on immigration affect the country's relations with Mexico and other Latin American nations?

February 8, 2013: Obama’s Second Term: Put Mexico and Brazil on the Agenda
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Although widely admired in Latin America, President Obama has so far ignored the region. But two of the region’s 33 countries surely demand a more strategic approach: Mexico and Brazil.

February 5, 2013: El gran paso con la reforma en EE.UU.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace sólo tres meses nadie creía que sería posible que el Congreso de EE. UU. aprobara una reforma migratoria integral en el corto plazo.

February 5, 2013: A big step for reform
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Just three months ago, no one believed that it would be possible for the US Congress to enact comprehensive immigration reform any time soon.

February 1, 2013: Shifting Fortunes: Brazil and Mexico in a Transformed Region (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Current History
Just as Mexico has shown signs of an upswing, Brazil seems to be facing mounting difficulties.

February 1, 2013: Latin America’s Inequality Success Story (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
Source: Current History
Inequality in Latin America has always been linked to the capture of the state by predatory elites, capital market imperfections, lack of access to credit for the poor, inequality of opportunities(in particular, in terms of access to high-quality education), labor market segmentation, and discrimination against women and non-whites.

February 1, 2013: Have Prospects for U.S.-Mexican Relations Improved?
By Peter Hakim, Andrés Rozental, and Laura Carlsen
Source: Latin America Advisor
With a new administration in Mexico sworn in last month and a renewed mandate for Obama this year, have the prospects for U.S.-Mexico relations improved? What is on the horizon for U.S.-Mexican relations, and how might they change from recent years?

January 24, 2013: Time for Obama to put LatAm back on the agenda
By Peter Hakim and Sergio Munoz Bata
Source: FT beyondbrics
Latin Americans still like and admire President Obama, yet they no longer expect much from him. But at least two of the region’s 33 countries demand a more strategic approach.

January 22, 2013: A Second Term Agenda for Latin America
By Peter Hakim and Sergio Munoz Bata
Source: Infolatam
Latin America will have no place on the Obama agenda in the coming four years.

January 18, 2013: How 'Strategically Important' Is Latin America for China?
By Erik Bethel, Margaret Myers, and Sun Hongbo
China's ambassador to Chile, Yang Wanming, told newspaper China Daily that the Asian nation should look to Latin America to make up for declining demand from developed markets. Chinese exports to the region grew 12 to 15 percent last year, and it "is now a strategically important market," he said. How significant is Latin America as an export destination for China? Are business and government leaders actively looking to the region to expand trade? Where is the Chinese economy headed next year and in the mid-term, and how will that affect Latin America?

January 11, 2013: Latin America’s Giants: Agreeing to Agree
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Back in 2010, the Brazilian and Mexican presidents were right to think that they had a win-win proposition when they agreed to pursue a "special economic pact.” Although negotiations stalled that year, the shifting fortunes of the two countries may have improved prospects for agreement.

January 10, 2013: 5 LGBT Trends to Watch For in the Americas in 2013
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: The Huffington Post
There was a time when the most important developments in LGBT rights occurred in North Atlantic countries, but since the late 2000s all of the Americas, not just the United States and Canada, have begun to set trends. As we look to 2013, here are some of the trends to follow in the hemisphere's struggle for LGBT rights.

January 5, 2013: Los miltares jugarán un papel crucial (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Mercurio
El experto en temas latinoamericanos cree que si los militantes de línea dura, tanto de gobierno como de oposición, ganan poder, puede haber problemas para la gobernabilidad del país.

January 4, 2013: How Are Mexico's Drug Trafficking Organizations Changing?
By Marcelo Bergman, Eric L. Olson, Steven Dudley, Douglas Farah, and Raúl Benítez Manaut
Source: Latin America Advisor
A new report from the Mexican government estimates that there are as many as 80 small- and medium-sized drug cartels in operation. In the previous report, the administration of then-President Felipe Calderón said eight large cartels were at work in Mexico, though it added that at least one of them had splintered into smaller factions. How are the size, make-up and landscape of drug cartels changing? Are different populations, sectors or businesses likely to be affected by the violence in 2013? Are Peña Nieto's planned European-style gendarmeries likely to succeed in reducing violence and other crimes?

January 3, 2013: A Era Pós-Chávez na Venezuela e América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Ao ganhar as eleições em 20 das 23 regiões nas quais se elegiam governadores na Venezuela, os partidários de Hugo Chávez não deixaram nenhuma dúvida de que o “chavismo” não acabará necessariamente com sua morte ou incapacidade.

January 3, 2013: La era Post-Chávez en Venezuela y América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Al ganar las elecciones en 20 de las 23 regiones en que se elegía gobernador en Venezuela, los partidarios de Hugo Chávez no dejaron ninguna duda de que el “chavismo” no terminará necesariamente por su muerte o incapacidad.

January 3, 2013: Change Must Come Gradually
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New York Times
The path forward for Venezuela will require modest, incremental changes and compromise on both sides of a sharply polarized society.

December 29, 2012: Latinoamérica dividida se reacomoda para 2013
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Las múltiples divisiones entre los países latinoamericanos tuvieron expresiones nuevas este ano. La elección presidencial en Estados Unidos puede haber sido -inesperadamente- también uno de los más importantes eventos para la región en 2012.

December 29, 2012: 2012: A Mixed Year for a Divided Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
The multiple, cross cutting divisions among the countries of Latin America took several new turns this year.US election—unexpectedly—also turned out to be one of the most important events for the region in 2012.

December 27, 2012: Will Obama Kick the Can Down the Road?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Ideele
After a seemingly endless and mostly unenlightening campaign, Barack Obama joined the exclusive club of two-term US presidents. He managed to avoid the fate of Jimmy Carter, who was denied a second term by Ronald Reagan in 1980, and George H. W. Bush (father), defeated by Bill Clinton in 1992.

December 26, 2012: The 2012 Gay Year in Review: The Top-20 Stories from the Americas
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: Americas Quarterly
In 2012 the Western Hemisphere continued to make headlines in terms of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) rights. Here is our list of the 20 most significant political stories on LGBT rights across the Americas.

December 20, 2012: Would Chavismo Continue Without Chávez?
By Peter Hakim, Diego Arria, Cynthia Arnson, Bret Rosen, David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Earlier this month, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that his cancer had returned and urged supporters to back Vice President Nicolás Maduro in the event that he is forced to leave office. In regional elections on Sunday, Chávez allies trumped the opposition in 20 out of 23 gubernatorial races, though leading opposition figure Henrique Capriles was again elected governor of Miranda state. What are the likely outcomes if Chávez were to suddenly leave office? Is Capriles well-positioned to remain the top opposition leader? How would Maduro fare in a special election for the presidency against Henrique Capriles? What role did Chávez's health play in the regional elections, and how is it affecting the country's economic prospects?

December 17, 2012: Is the United States Losing Influence in Latin America?
By Arturo Valenzuela, Otto Reich, Donna Hrinak, and John Maisto
Source: Latin America Advisor
The trope that the United States is losing influence in the region is not only wrong, but misses the "the actual complexity (and yes, maturity) of U.S. diplomacy in the region today," former State Department official William McIlhenny argued in a Nov. 26 article for America's Quarterly. McIlhenny cited a number of positive developments in Latin America that have been advanced by a U.S. foreign policy that is "relevant to practical needs widely felt by other peoples-the way it should be." Is it time to rethink what U.S. "success" and "influence" in the region means, as McIlhenny suggests? Or are fears that the United States doesn't pay enough attention to the region and has lost its prominence well-founded? In addition to government, how do private sector and civil society initiatives factor in?

December 17, 2012: World Trends and the Future of Arab Latin-American Relations
By Sergio Bitar
Global power relations are shifting rapidly, creating new risks but also new opportunities. Arab and Latin American nations can anticipate those changes and benefit from them, and could start building new partnerships.

December 14, 2012: The Post-Chavez Era in Venezuela and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Gubernatorial elections in Venezuela left no doubt that `Chavismo,’ the populist, anti-American leader‘s special brand of politics, will not necessarily end with his death or incapacitation.

December 12, 2012: Chávez Stays, Again (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: The International Spectator
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez fended off a spirited challenge by Governor Henrique Capriles this fall. But continuing questions about Chavez's health and the country's dismal governance suggest that change may be coming soon. Looking ahead, the opposition will need to address concerns by the very poor that social spending will dry up if Chávez is no longer in office. Meanwhile, political differences and power struggles, and a sense of demoralization, risk undermining Capriles’ diverse coalition. The regional scenario would look very different without Chávez. External players should restrain from meddling during this period of uncertainty. Instead, support should focus on trying to ensure that Venezuelans continue to rely on the ballot box in determining the course of a country facing so many daunting problems.

December 12, 2012: La OEA, en problemas, otra vez
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
De acuerdo a un grupo de cuatro influyentes senadores, la Organización de Estados Americanos está “cayendo en una parálisis administrativa y financiera” que amenaza con condenarla a la “irrelevancia.”

December 11, 2012: El juicio de la haya: Escenarios y agenda del futuro (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Revista Mensaje
Nuestro país ha hecho su mejor esfuerzo por argumentar ante el Tribunal de la Haya las razones por las que creemos que la demanda peruana es infundada. Es un tema que hemos abordado como política de Estado. En todos los momentos del juicio ha existido una comunicación fluida entre las distintas fuerzas políticas y el Gobierno (el anterior y el actual), y ha existido un consenso respecto del procedimiento, argumentación y calidad del trabajo efectuado por nuestro país.

December 5, 2012: Colombia-Nicaragua ICJ Case Tests Region's Crisis Resolution Mechanisms
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: World Politics Review
Latin America prides itself on being a peaceful region -- and with good reason. It is surprising, then, that border disputes continually bedevil the region. Many of these tensions remain unresolved, and when they surface, as in the example of the Nov. 19 ruling by the International Court of Justice on the case between Colombia and Nicaragua, there can be huge, often unexpected, ramifications.

December 3, 2012: Will Correa Coast to Victory in Ecuador's 2013 Elections?
By Walter Spurrier, Michael Shifter, Marc Becker, and Andrés Mejía Acosta
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, who formally launched his bid for a third term last month, is polling well ahead of his opponents in advance of the Feb. 17 election. Do any of Correa's rivals stand a chance of defeating him? What issues will matter to Ecuadoreans when they go to the polls? What would Correa seek to do in a third term?

November 30, 2012: The OAS in Trouble, Again
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
The OAS is poorly managed, its finances are precarious, and it lacks a guiding vision. It is, however, is fundamental to US diplomacy in this hemisphere, and the US should take a more active role in salvaging the institution.

November 30, 2012: Why Are U.S. Lawmakers Coming Down So Hard on the OAS?
By Harriet Babbitt, Paul Durand, Jorge Heine, Claude Heller, Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Organization of American States is "sliding into an administrative and financial paralysis" that is threatening to condemn it to "irrelevance," U.S. Senators John Kerry, Richard Lugar, Robert Menendez and Marco Rubio of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee wrote in a Nov. 14 letter to the chairman of the OAS' Permanent Council. The senators said the OAS lacks a strategic focus, is too reluctant to make difficult financial decisions and is beset by "capriciously destructive personnel policies." Are the charges fair? What steps should the OAS take to strengthen itself? How successfully has Secretary General José Miguel Insulza led the organization? Why are the US lawmakers coming down so hard on the OAS?

November 30, 2012: Will There Be Any Surprises for Sino-Latin Energy Ties in 2013?
By R. Evan Ellis, Margaret Myers, and Jeremy Martin
This year, China continued to make inroads into Latin America's energy sector— including increasing its market share in the wind sector through competitive financing in Argentina, expanding solar development in Brazil and approving loan-for-oil deals in Venezuela. How has Beijing's geopolitical strategy in terms of energy resources evolved in recent years? How will China’s leadership transition and the country's economic trajectory affect its investment in the region? Do you expect any major changes or surprises for Sino-Latin ties in 2013?

November 30, 2012: ¿Servirán en Chile las penas sustitutivas?
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio
¿Qué importancia hay que otorgar a las penas sustitutivas en el contexto del sistema de cumplimiento penal? ¿Servirán para reducir el número de reclusos, el hacinamiento, favorecer la rehabilitación y disminuir la reincidencia? ¿Ayudarán a reducir los delitos?

November 28, 2012: Y después de La Haya ¿qué?
By Ignacio Walker y Hernán Larraín
Source: El Mercurio
Las relaciones entre Chile y Perú se han visto marcadas este último tiempo por la demanda limítrofe presentada ante la Corte Internacional de Justicia, y que entrará en su fase oral en las próximas semanas. Sin embargo, hoy se torna muy importante comenzar a delinear una estrategia con miras a abordar la continuidad de las mismas una vez que el litigio haya concluido.

November 27, 2012: Los pasos de Colombia en la Haya
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nada tiene tanto éxito en unir una nación -y en trascender las fuertes diferencias políticas- que las disputas por un territorio nacional.

November 27, 2012: Colombia's Steps at the Hague
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nothing succeeds in bringing a nation together -- and in transcending sharp political differences -- than disputes over national territory.

November 27, 2012: Ahora, Obama puede atender más a la región
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Clarín
Casi sin aviso, temas que durante mucho tiempo figuraron en el orden del día entre Estados Unidos y América Latina reviven, ahora que Barack Obama encara su segundo mandato. La inmigración, Cuba, y las drogas siempre tuvieron una dosis excepcionalmente alta de política interna, y todavía la tienen, pero los resultados de las recientes elecciones estadounidenses indican que los obstáculos para el avance podrían estar cediendo.

November 27, 2012: Now, Obama Can Focus More on the Region
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Clarín
Almost without warning, issues that have long been on the agenda between the US and Latin America are alive again as Barack Obama looks to his second term. Immigration, Cuba, and drugs have always had an unusually high dose of domestic politics, and they still do, but results of the recent US elections suggest that obstacles to progress may be easing.

November 27, 2012: Sea Change in Spain
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Latin America's economic growth and Europe's debt crisis have turned Ibero-American relations upside down.

November 26, 2012: Las políticas de Europa y de Estados Unidos convergen en América Latina (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Fundación EU-LAC, Actas del Seminario EU-LAC/GIGA, 17 y 18 de septiembre de 2012, Hamburgo
Las relaciones de los Estado Unidos y de la Unión Europea con América Latina han sido asombrosamente similares, y continúan convergiendo.

November 26, 2012: European and US Policies Converge in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Fundación EU-LAC, Remarks at the Seminario EU-LAC/GIGA, 17 &18 of September 2012, Hamburg
Despite the many reasons for divergent approaches to Latin America, the US and EU relationships with Latin America turn out to be strikingly similar, and they are continuing to converge.

November 26, 2012: Won't You Be My Neighbor?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Policy
When the leaders of Mexico and the United States meet for the first time, they'll have a chance to make real progress on issues that have been stalled for decades.

November 25, 2012: ¿Qué se juega en la Haya?
By Ignacio Walker and Hernán Larraín
Source: El Mercurio
Una sola es la cuestión central que se discute en La Haya: la existencia de un límite marítimo, y la vigencia de los tratados que le sirven de fundamento. En nota diplomática de 2000 dirigida a Chile, el Perú sostiene que no existe tal límite. Por nuestra parte, conforme a la continuidad histórica y jurídica de la política exterior chilena, entendida como política de Estado, sostenemos enfáticamente que sí existe límite marítimo y que éste está dado por el paralelo geográfico, conforme a los tratados celebrados entre Chile, Perú y Ecuador.

November 16, 2012: Where Is the Drug Policy Debate Headed Next?
By Ray Walser, Peter Hakim, Kimberly Covington, Andrés Rozental
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colorado and Washington state passed measures legalizing recreational marijuana in the United States' Nov. 6 election. Where does the debate about drug policy in the United States and in the region appear to be headed?

November 15, 2012: New U.S. Drug Laws Create 'Huge Problem' for Mexico: Ambassador
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The legalization of recreational marijuana on ballot measures in Colorado and Washington last week present "a huge problem" for the Mexican government's effort to rally public support for the country's deadly war on drugs, Mexican Ambassador Arturo Sarukhan said Wednesday.

November 12, 2012: China's Free Trade Agreements in South America
By Carol Wise
Wise’s paper on China’s free trade agreements with Chile and Peru is the first in a series of economics briefs that will published by the Inter-American Dialogue’s China and Latin America Program in coming months. China’s slowing growth, its proposed “economic transformation,” and its commitment to deeper economic integration with Latin America are changing the landscape of China-Latin America economic engagement. Latin American nations, meanwhile, have adopted strikingly different approaches to managing China’s expanding economic influence in the region. The Dialogue’s China and Latin America economics briefs will address areas of emerging interest at this pivotal moment in China-Latin America economic relations.

November 9, 2012: How Immigration Reform Became Respectable
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
In an otherwise skillfully run campaign, Mitt Romney and his advisers somehow failed to take note of the country’s demographic transformation of in recent years. It was an error that cost may have cost them the election. Romney and other Republican candidates not only ignored Latinos, but at times actively offended them by the tone and substance of their views on immigration.

November 9, 2012: Is Freedom of the Press Under Threat in Latin America?
By Viviana Giacaman, Benoit Hervieu, and Scott Griffen
Source: Latin America Advisor
Press freedom has been in the headlines recently, as a Bolivian radio journalist was set on fire in a brutal attack last month, and Mexico's government in July said that 67 journalists have been killed and 14 disappeared in the country since 2006. Meanwhile, critics have charged that the press is under siege in Argentina, where the government passed a controversial law that will break up Grupo Clarín, a leading media conglomerate it considers an opponent. Is press freedom seriously jeopardized in these countries or elsewhere in the region? What implications does it have for the state of democracy? Should regional bodies or other organizations be taking action? If so, how?

November 8, 2012: La paradoja de pactar (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Política Exterior
¿Podrá Santos aplicar la experiencia de Colombia en la negociación con grupos armados para poner fin al conflicto interno más antiguo de América? Si bien los colombianos desean alcanzar la paz, no son muchos los dispuestos a conceder el perdón a las FARC.

November 8, 2012: The Difficulties of a Peace Deal
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Política Exterior
Can President Juan Manual Santos apply Colombia’s experience negotiating with armed groups to bring the hemisphere’s longest internal conflict to an end?

November 8, 2012: What Will Obama's Second Term Mean for Latin America?
By Peter Hakim, Andrés Rozental, Rubens Barbosa, Riordan Roett, Ruben Olmos
Source: Latin America Advisor

November 8, 2012: 4 años más de gobierno Obama: ¿Más de lo mismo con América Latina?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perspectiva
Yo creo que uno de los temas, que no es precisamente de política hacia América Latina, pero que está relacionado y es muy importante para la región, y en el que sí puede haber un cambio, es el tema migratorio.

November 7, 2012: Deciphering Obama’s Victory—and Second Term Agenda
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
More than anything else, President Obama's narrow victory confirmed once again how deeply divided the voting public is in the United States.

November 7, 2012: Por qué ganó Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Más que ninguna otra cosa, la estrecha victoria del presidente confirma una vez más cuan profundamente dividido está el voto público en los Estados Unidos.

November 6, 2012: Beyond the Elections
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo

November 5, 2012: Land of the Lost
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Latin Americans may prefer Barack Obama over Mitt Romney, but few believe either candidate will pay the region the attention it deserves.

November 1, 2012: Will Affirmative Action in Brazilian Universities Aid Equality?
By Leandro Tessler, José Goldemberg, Tanya Katerí Hernández
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Brazilian government earlier this year passed a law that aims to reverse income and racial inequality by requiring public universities to reserve half of their admission spots for students from public schools, with a proportional number from the historically marginalized afro-Brazilian, mestizo and indigenous populations in each state. Will the new law dramatically reduce the country's notable inequality, as supporters assert? Or will it put a 'straitjacket' on universities, as a senator who voted against the bill claims? What role does higher education play in Brazil's social and economic development? Does Brazil's debate over affirmative action have implications for other countries in the region?

October 29, 2012: China acecha a Colombia y reta a Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Aunque se mantiene una relación de confianza entre Estados Unidos y Colombia, China pronto será el segundo socio más grande del país.

October 29, 2012: China Engages Colombia, Challenges the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Although a special relationship remains between the United States and Colombia, China will soon be the country's second-largest partner.

October 26, 2012: The final lap
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo

October 26, 2012: Will America Look South? US Policy in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Royal United Services Institute
In the final presidential debate, Latin Americans understandably took note when Governor Mitt Romney emphasised that the region represented a 'huge opportunity' for expanded trade with the United States. President Barack Obama's omission of Latin America in his list of regions where relations with the US had improved in the past several years set off a burst of tweets among Latin Americans.

October 25, 2012: What Would a Romney Victory Mean for Trade With the Region?
By Roger Noriega, Ted Piccone, Andrés Rozental, Stephen Johnson, Michael Allion
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. presidential candidate Mitt Romney said in his second debate with President Barack Obama that he would 'dramatically expand trade in Latin America' as part of his plan to improve the American economy. What would a Romney administration mean for economic relations with the region? Could he successfully forge new free-trade agreements with Latin America? How would a Romney victory alter the United States' relations with the region?

October 24, 2012: Who Are the Big Winners & Losers in Brazil's Local Elections?
By Peter Hakim, Carlos Eduardo Lins da Silva, João Augusto de Castro Neves, Paulo Sotero
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilians went to the polls Oct. 7 to choose mayors and other local officials in the first round of the country's municipal elections. Who were the big winners and big losers in the municipal elections? What effect will the municipal elections have on national politics in Brazil?

October 22, 2012: Discordância Interamericana: Brasil e Estados Unidos
By Peter Hakim
Source: IPEA Boletim de Economia e Política Internacional
Mas o problema central para as relações Brasil-Estados Unidos não tem sido suas discordâncias, e sim a incapacidade de encontrar áreas de concerto. Uma relação melhor e mais produtiva entre Brasil e Estados Unidos exigirá que ambos identifiquem agendas e objetivos em que estejam dispostos a se comprometerem com cooperação sustentada de longo prazo. Por enquanto, eles parecem confortáveis com a manutenção do status quo em suas relações bilaterais.

October 22, 2012: Inter-American Discord: Brazil and the United States
By Peter Hakim
Source: IPEA Boletim de Economia e Política Internacional
The central problem for Brazil-US relations has not been their disagreements - it has been their inability to find areas of agreement. An improved, more productive US-Brazilian relationship will require the two countries to identify issues and goals on which they are willing to commit themselves to sustained long-term cooperation. But, for now, both nations seem comfortable with maintaining the status quom in their bilateral relations.

October 12, 2012: Chávez Win Warrants Closer Look at Venezuelan Oil Policy
By Alexis Arthur
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
For many observers, speculation over the future of PDVSA ended with the victory of President Hugo Chávez in Sunday's elections. Now that Chávez has comfortably secured another six years in office, there is a general assumption that the oil industry is also headed for more of the same.

October 11, 2012: Romney cresce após estreitar diferenças políticas comObama (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo

October 8, 2012: Venezuela's Next Inning
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Chávez may have won another election, but it's the opposition that should be celebrating.

October 8, 2012: Editorial: Los resultados
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual
Bueno, perdimos. Es duro de reconocer pero los hechos son los hechos. Chávez tiene en principio seis años más de poder, otorgado por una mayoría relativamente estrecha de venezolanos. Pero la oposición venezolana dio un gigantesco paso hacia el futuro.

October 7, 2012: Venezuela already took a step forward
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chavez is far from the candidate he was six years ago. In 2006, he soundly defeated his opposition challenger Manual Rosales. Chavez was then in sound health, his rhetorical powers were at their height, and he had ample resources thanks to high oil prices.

October 7, 2012: Venezuela ya dio un paso adelante
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chávez está lejos de ser el candidato que era hace seis años. En 2006, cuando derrotó a su opositor Manuel Rosales, Chávez se encontraba en buena salud, sus poderes retóricos estaban en su apogeo, y tenía amplios recursos gracias a los precios altos del petróleo. Él se aprovechó, hábilmente, de una oposición inepta y desorganizada, y se benefició de dos personas: el presidente de Estados Unidos, George W. Bush, y el presidente colombiano Álvaro Uribe. Ambos presidentes jugaron duro y encajaron perfectamente en el estilo de confrontación de Chávez.

October 5, 2012: Some Justified Optimism in Mexico
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
As Mexico approaches the December 1 inauguration of its new president Enrique Peña Nieto, things are looking up. Though there the new government will face substantial challenges, Mexicans have tangible grounds for optimism, particularly about progress on critical reforms.

October 5, 2012: Ecuadorean Gov't Committed to Landmark Conservation Project
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
The Ecuadorean government has raised around $200 million for a landmark conservation project and is committed to raising the funds necessary to reach its $3.6 billion goal by 2024, Ivonne Baki, secretary of state for the Yasuní-ITT Initiative, told the Energy Advisor this week.

October 1, 2012: Foreign Policy and the US Elections
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
The US presidential elections are six weeks away. President Barack Obama has begun to build an advantage in most of the decisive swing states, including Ohio, Virginia and Florida.

September 27, 2012: Política exterior de Chile hacia África
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio
Mi viaje a África para entrevistar a líderes que hicieron transiciones a la democracia me ha permitido analizar el futuro de esta región y reflexionar sobre nuestros intereses en esta área del mundo. He estado en Accra (Ghana), Johannesburgo y Ciudad del Cabo (Sudáfrica), y Addis Abeba (Etiopía), donde está la sede de la Unión Africana.

September 25, 2012: Democracy in Progress: El Salvador's Unfinished Transition
By Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics Review
Perhaps no contemporary political figure is more emblematic of where El Salvador stands 20 years after the end of its bloody armed conflict than the country’s current president, Mauricio Funes. In winning the 2009 election, Funes became the first president elected from the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), the political offshoot of El Salvador’s guerrilla insurgency, breaking the 20-year reign of the right-wing Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA).

September 25, 2012: The Mercosul's Rush to Judgement
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazil’s reaction to the events in Paraguay seemed unusually passive. It is puzzling why Latin America’s regional power failed to take more initiative and pursue an approach that was more clearly consistent with the democratic practices that Brazil asserted it was seeking to uphold.

September 25, 2012: O julgamento apressado do Mercosul
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A reação do Brasil aos acontecimentos no Paraguai pareceu extraordinariamente passiva. É curioso que a mais importante potência regional da América Latina tenha falhado em tomar mais iniciativa e adotar uma atitude que fosse mais claramente consistente com as práticas democráticas que o Brasil afirmou estar buscando sustentar.

September 21, 2012: Arrest of Drug Lord Aimed at Political Gain in Venezuela: Uribe
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The capture of the alleged Colombian drug lord Daniel "el loco" Barrera earlier this week was aimed at political gain in Venezuela, former President Álvaro Uribe said Thursday at the Bipartisan Policy Center. Implying that Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez stood to benefit in the country's Oct. 7 presidential race from Barrera's apprehension, Uribe asked: "Why didn't Chávez arrest 'loco Barrera' in the last four or five years - why only now on the eve of the elections?"

September 21, 2012: Venezuela in Mercosur. What was Brazil Thinking?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Venezuela was formally incorporated into the Mercosur trade group on July 31. What made the Brazil government so eager to bring Venezuela into Mercosur remains a puzzle. Brazilian officials have made their case mostly on economic grounds, but the costs of bringing Venezuela into Mercosur could well turn out to be higher than the benefits.

September 18, 2012: La apuesta por la paz en Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hay tantas razones para estar lleno de esperanza, así como de escepticismo, de que las conversaciones de paz anunciadas recientemente entre el Gobierno colombiano y las Farc llevará el conflicto armado que padece el país, desde hace mucho tiempo, a su fin.

September 18, 2012: Betting on peace in Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
There are as many reasons to be hopeful as there are to be skeptical that the recently announced peace talks between the Colombian government and the FARC will bring the country’s longstanding armed conflict to an end.

September 18, 2012: Are Mexican Factories Gaining an Upper Hand Against China's?
By Andrés Rozental, Margaret Myers, James R. Jones, Felipe Canales
Source: Latin America Advisor
With the rising cost of wages in China, manufacturers are increasingly considering Mexico an attractive location to 'reshore' production, McClatchy reported Sept. 10. Is Mexico gaining a competitive edge over China in terms of manufacturing? Or will other low-wage countries come to replace both China and Mexico as manufacturing destinations? What are the challenges and benefits of moving production facilities to Mexico? Can Mexico leverage the low cost of wages into more sustainable growth?

September 13, 2012: Chávez's Last Crusade
By Boris Muñoz
Source: Commentary at Sept. 13 Dialogue Event "The Press and Electoral Politics in Venezuela"
If I occasionally scratch my head during this presentation, it’s because it’s really hard to figure out what is going to happen in Venezuela in three weeks.

September 7, 2012: Colombia's Peace Process
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has taken a big gamble in launching negotiations to end the country’s half century of guerrilla warfare. The time has come for a resolute effort to achieve peace in Colombia, and there are reasons to be hopeful of success—although probably not quickly.

September 7, 2012: U.S. Lacks Credibility on Cuba, Should End Embargo: Carter
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The United States should end its embargo against Cuba and seek constructive dialogue with the Caribbean nation, former U.S. President Jimmy Carter said Thursday. "We should all continue to press the Cuban government to respect individual rights and more political openness, but the embargo undermines any credibility that [the United States] has in calling for improvements in Cuba."

September 7, 2012: Conditions Favorable for Colombia Peace Talks
By Catherine Cheney
Source: World Politics Review
Colombia and the leftist rebel group the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) announced Tuesday that they had signed an agreement to launch peace negotiations. Chile and Venezuela will be observers at the talks, which will begin in Oslo, Norway, and continue in Havana, Cuba.

September 6, 2012: Perspectives on Inter-American Relations
By President Jimmy Carter
Source: Former Member of the Inter-American Dialogue
Fairness and human rights. These are basic qualities in both human and international relations. We may have different visions of how to address the fundamental challenges facing us, but we will never be able to address them satisfactorily unless we return to basic civility and a willingness to cooperate to find solutions based on common values. We must begin with a concern for the most vulnerable among us and a commitment to treat each individual with equity and fairness. This will provide in our western hemisphere a bright future – to all of us.

September 4, 2012: What do Cabinet Changes & FARC Talks Mean for Colombia?
By Michael Shifter, Fernando Cepeda Ulloa, Marc Chernik, Juan David Escobar Valencia, Silke Pfeiffer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos on Aug. 23 named Mauricio Cárdenas, who had been heading the country's Energy Ministry, as finance minister. The move came amid a shakeup in which Santos asked his entire 16-member cabinet to resign, a not unusual practice in many countries of the region. Why did Santos call for the cabinet shakeup now? What are the most important tasks Cárdenas now faces and how will he handle them? Will the cabinet shakeup boost Santos' approval ratings? What will come of the Colombian government's newly announced talks with the FARC?

August 31, 2012: Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Uruguay (PDF)
By Marisa Bucheli, Nora Lustig, Maximo Rossi and Florencia Amábile
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
How much redistribution does Uruguay accomplish through social spending and taxes? How progressive are revenue collection and social spending? A standard fiscal incidence analysis shows that Uruguay achieves a nontrivial reduction in inequality and poverty when all taxes and transfers are combined. In comparison with other five countries in Latin America, it ranks first (poverty reduction) and second (inequality reduction), and first in terms of poverty reduction effectiveness and third in terms of overall (including transfers in kind) inequality reduction effectiveness.

August 28, 2012: El Juego Político de Correa
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La semana pasada, los británicos y el resto del mundo recibieron un sabor del conocido balcanazo latinoamericano. El fundador de Wikileaks, Julian Assange, que habló desde la embajada de Ecuador en Londres, agradeció públicamente el presidente Rafael Correa por concederle asilo.

August 28, 2012: Correa's Political Game
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Last week the British and the rest of the world got a taste of the familiar Latin American balcanazo. Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, speaking from the Ecuadoran embassy in London, publicly thanked president Rafael Correa for granting him asylum.

August 27, 2012: The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results (PDF)
By Nora Lustig et al.
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Nora Lustig's research team apply a standard tax and benefi t incidence analysis to estimate the impact on inequality and poverty of direct taxes, indirect taxes and subsidies, and social spending (cash and food transfers and in-kind transfers in education and health).

August 24, 2012: In-Depth on Argentina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
As Argentina's economy falters, some economists worry it may face another economic crisis. Combined with declining popular support for the President, the country is headed on a shaky path and the future remains unclear.

August 23, 2012: Structural change for equality in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Alicia Bárcena
Source: ECLAC
In 2010, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) sent out a clear message to the region. We said that it was time for equality, which meant full entitlement to rights for everyone.

August 22, 2012: What Are the Implications of a Proposed Nicaragua Canal?
By Nicolás Ardito Barletta, Mario Arana, Joaquín Jácome Diez, Carlos Fernando Chamorro
Source: Latin America Advisor
Two Dutch companies said in late July that they had won a contract from Nicaragua's government for a feasibility study of a transportation project to rival the Panama Canal. What would be the economic risks and gains of building a canal across Nicaragua?

August 8, 2012: Latin Countries Outpacing Peers in Education Advances
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Latin American Advisor
A recent Harvard University study found that Chile and Brazil are among the three countries that have raised student learning at the fastest rate between 1995 and 2011 (Latvia was the third). Each improved three times faster than the average of the 49 countries included in the study. Colombia was also among the top 10, improving at twice the average. This is encouraging news for education reformers, suggesting that sustained efforts to raise student learning are beginning to pay off.

August 7, 2012: Romney's statesman debut
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The US election is less than three months away, so it is not surprising that the campaigns have moved into high gear. Polls show that the election will be tight, as both sides focus on the critical “swing” states that will determine the outcome.

August 7, 2012: Romney quiere posar de estadista
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La elección en Estados Unidos está a menos de tres meses, por lo que no es de extrañar que las campañas se muevan a toda velocidad.

August 5, 2012: La revolución incumplida (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Estancamiento es el término que con mayor frecuencia viene a la mente cuando pensamos en la actual situación que enfrenta Bolivia.

August 5, 2012: The incomplete revolution
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Stagnation is the term that most frequently comes to mind in thinking about the current situation in Bolivia. The 2005 election of Evo Morales was symbolically important and raised high hopes in a country with a majority indigenous population that had long suffered considerable poverty and political instability.

August 1, 2012: Asian Influence in Latin America
By Margaret Myers
Source: From Washington al Mundo
The following is an interview with Margaret Myers, director of the Dialogue's China and Latin America Program. In the interview, which appeared on Sirius XM's 'From Washington al Mundo' on August 1, Myers compares Chinese and Indian engagement in Latin America and the Caribbean.

August 1, 2012: Latin America's Energy Future (PDF)
By Roger Tissot
Roger Tissot, energy analyst and member of the Dialogue's Energy Policy Group, examines trends in Latin America’s energy matrix over the last 40 years, and highlights the issues facing the region’s governments as they attempt to balance energy costs, security of supply, and environmental sustainability.

July 31, 2012: Does El Salvador's Judicial Crisis Bode Ill for Democracy?
By Francisco Altschul, Mirte Postema, and Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: Latin America Advisor
A dispute between El Salvador's legislative and judicial branches escalated to a constitutional crisis this month, with two separate groups of judges claiming to be the country's legitimate Supreme Court. After a stalemate and pressures both domestically and internationally to resolve the dispute, the two main political parties agreed to hold talks on July 24. What is behind the conflict? Does the conflict have implications for the state of the country's democracy or is it fundamentally a political issue? How should it be settled?

July 30, 2012: What Would Venezuela's Entrance Mean for Mercosur?
By Sebastián Acha, Mark Weisbrot, Thomas Andrew O'Keefe, and Daniel Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuela is expected to formally join Mercosur during the trade bloc's meeting Tuesday in Rio de Janeiro. The presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay agreed to allow the Andean country into the trade bloc after Mercosur suspended Paraguay, whose lawmakers had prevented Venezuela from joining the group. What would Venezuela's entrance mean for it and for the current Mercosur members? Who are the winners and losers? Does allowing Venezuela into Mercosur through the loophole of Paraguay's suspension raise larger concerns about the bloc's operation, as critics of the move have suggested?

July 27, 2012: Betting on Brazil
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Economic success is what has contributed most to Brazil’s rising global stature and influence. As Brazil's economy slows, however, experts debate whether Brazil will be able to recover its previous robust rate of expansion.

July 27, 2012: Family Feud
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Meet the president of Peru. His brother's in prison, his dad thinks he's a traitor, and almost everyone says his wife calls the shots. But he might still have a chance to turn the country around.

July 26, 2012: The Public Debate Over Private Lives (PDF)
By Joan Caivano & Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Americas Quarterly
Every day, women across Latin America are terminating their pregnancies under illegal and unsafe circumstances. The number of unsafe abortions—which represent about 95 percent of the total—grew from 3.9 million in 2003 to 4.2 million in 2008, with the annual abortion rate holding steady during that period, at about 32 abortions per 1,000 women between the ages 15 to 44. That’s more than double the rate in Western Europe (12 per 1,000)—where abortion is generally permitted without exception.

July 26, 2012: Beyond Equal Rights
By Michelle Bachelet
Source: Americas Quarterly
Women’s political and economic participation strengthens democracy, equality and the economy. And while women’s empowerment and full participation in society are important goals in themselves, they are also vital for reducing poverty, achieving universal education, improving maternal and child health, and fulfilling other development goals.

July 26, 2012: Plan Colombia: A Retrospective
By Michael Shifter
Source: Americas Quarterly
At first glance, perhaps the most notable feature of Plan Colombia has been its longevity. Given the current divisiveness in Washington, the bipartisan support it has received across three administrations now seems remarkable. After 12 years, the plan is gradually winding down, but the U.S. allocated more than $300 million under the program in 2012 alone.

July 25, 2012: Mi Amigo Oswaldo Payá
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Desde que Oswaldo Payá fundara el Proyecto Varela, tuve conocimiento de su existencia, de sus sueños y admiré su coraje. En diciembre de 2002 el Partido Demócrata de Estados Unidos le confirió el Averell Harriman Award con que distingue a quiénes en el mundo se han destacado por su servicio a la causa de la democracia. En esa ocasión, en una cena de unas 500 personas, reunidas en Washington, los discursos de homenaje nos fueron encargados a Madeleine Albright y a mí.

July 24, 2012: Os Desafios da Infraestrutura No Brasil & Na Ótica da Ibero-América (PDF)
By Robert Teixeira
Source: Revista RI

July 24, 2012: What Does the Future Hold for India-Latin America Relations?
By Jorge Heine, Margaret Myers, Jahangir Aziz
Source: Latin America Advisor
India plans to host the first India-CELAC Foreign Ministers' Dialogue on Aug. 7 in New Delhi, the Press Trust of India reported. While India's economic engagement with the region has been far overshadowed by China's, bilateral trade has grown from $2 billion in 2000 to more than $25 billion, with state-controlled Indian oil companies recently announcing almost $3 billion in investments in Venezuela's oil sector. Where are political and economic relations between India and Latin America headed? What constraints are there to improving trade and how can they be remedied? Which countries and sectors present the best opportunities for growth?

July 23, 2012: Obama Gets Boost From Hispanic Voters in Wake of Policy Shift
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
New polling data suggests a measurable increase in support from Latinos for U.S. President Barack Obama after he announced an executive order to cease deportation of many immigrants brought to the United States illegally as children and the Supreme Court ruled on Arizona's immigration law.

July 20, 2012: The right must learn to love the state again
By Francis Fukuyama
Source: Financial Times
When asked to contribute to this series on the future of conservatism, I hesitated because it seemed to me that in both the US and Europe what was most needed was not a new form of conservatism but rather a reinvention of the left.

July 19, 2012: Elena Viyella de Paliza es electa Presidenta de EDUCA
By El Nuevo Diario
La destacada empresaria Elena Viyella de Paliza fue electa nueva presidente de la Junta Directiva de Acción por la Educación EDUCA en el marco de una nutrida Asamblea General de Socios en función eleccionaria, que tuvo lugar este jueves 19 de los corrientes.

July 19, 2012: Are Central America Education Reforms Making the Grade?
By José Luis Guzmán, Roberto Moreno Godoy, Tamara Ortega Goodspeed, and Alexandra Solano
Source: Latin America Advisor
Dozens of people, including two cabinet ministers, were injured earlier this month in Guatemala as students and police clashed during a protest against education reforms. The reforms include lengthening the amount of time students must study to become primary school teachers from three years to five. What is the state of education reform in Guatemala and the rest of Central America? Are teaching reforms needed in the region? If so, what changes are most critical? What other types of reforms should governments undertake?

July 16, 2012: Education in the Americas: What the Summit Missed (PDF)
By Jeffrey M. Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
The Sixth Summit of the Americas gave little attention to the urgent need to improve education quality and equity, although both are vital to the region’s development and competitiveness.

July 16, 2012: Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico (PDF)
By Nora Lustig, Luis F. Lopez-Calva and Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Between 2000 and 2010, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures and data sources. In depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers.

July 9, 2012: Lugo's Impeachment a Political Process, Not a Coup: Ambassador
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The impeachment of former President Fernando Lugo was fundamentally a political process, not a coup d'etat, Paraguay's ambassador to the United States, Rigoberto Gauto Vielman, said Friday at the Inter-American Dialogue. "He lost the political support necessary to lead the country," said Gauto, who had been appointed to his position by Lugo but remains in office.

July 9, 2012: Comparing Chinese and Indian Engagement in Latin America
By Margaret Myers
Source: Foreign Policy Research Center, New Delhi, India
India began its period of heightened economic engagement with Latin America nearly fifteen years ago , but was quickly overtaken by China in terms of economic, political, and social engagement. Though trailing China in trade and investment, India has adopted a more cautious and well-informed approach to engagement with the region. This approach likely more beneficial than China's in terms of long-term relationship-building in Latin America. The extent to which China and India will expand existing ties with the region depends to a great extent on these countries’ domestic economic, political, environmental, and social considerations. The quality of relations, however, will depend on China’s and India’s various approaches to engaging the region.

July 6, 2012: Is There a Limit to China's Role in Latin American Energy?
By Evan Ellis, Dani Nedal, Margaret Myers
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
China's Sky Solar signed a deal to build a $900 million solar energy park in Chile in June while Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao was on a four-country visit to the region. During the trip, Wen also signed energy and other agreements with Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in addition to announcing that the China Development Bank would create a $10 billion credit line to support infrastructure projects in the region. How has China's involvement in Latin America's energy sector evolved? Will it expand beyond the countries and sectors where it has traditionally focused most of its energy investments? If so, where is it likely to go and how will that impact the sector?

July 5, 2012: The Incredibly Shrinking Vision: US Policy in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
The United States and Latin America are growing further apart. Washington no longer has the resources or authority to shape a hemispheric agenda and provide the leadership to put it into practice. The relationship remains stuck on the same issues: Cuba, immigration and drug policy.

July 5, 2012: La increíble visión menguante de Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
EE UU y América Latina se alejan. Sin los recursos ni la autoridad para dar forma a una agenda hemisférica, Washington se ve incapaz de poner en valor la proximidad. La relación sigue atascada en las cuestiones de siempre: Cuba, inmigración y política antidrogas.

July 3, 2012: Should Governments Sell Street Drugs to Their Citizens?
By Sergio Abreu, Brad Hittle, Kimberly Covington, Peter Hakim & Ray Walser
Source: Latin America Advisor
The administration of Uruguayan President José Mujica is considering a plan that would allow the government to sell marijuana to adults on a registered database, the Associated Press reported June 21. According to the government, the measure is aimed at taking profits away from drug dealers and funding rehabilitation programs. What are the implications of Uruguay's proposal?

July 1, 2012: Taxes, Transfers, and Income Redistribution in Latin America (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
Source: World Bank
How much reduction in inequality and poverty does Latin America accomplish through taxes and transfers? How progressive are revenue-collection and social-spending patterns?

June 28, 2012: A Campaign About Nothing
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
On July 1, some 80 million Mexican voters will turn their backs on the drama and turbulence that has recently beset their country as they select a new president for the next six years. The electorate will choose among three main candidates whose statements and policy positions have been notably cautious -- and who have been strikingly vague about what they would change in how the country is handling its most serious problems.

June 28, 2012: Pedra no sapato (PDF)
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: O Globo

June 27, 2012: Who Is the Legitimate President of Paraguay?
By Sebastián Acha, Joy Olson, Adrienne Pine, and John F. Maisto
Source: Latin America Advisor
Paraguay's Senate on Friday voted 39-4, with two abstentions, to impeach President Fernando Lugo, who immediately moved out of the presidential residence. On Sunday, however, Lugo announced he will not recognize his former vice president, Federico Franco, as Paraguay's new leader. Who is the legitimate president of Paraguay? Why are some countries recognizing Franco as the new president and others not? What compelled Congress to take action now, just nine months before scheduled elections, and is it a good thing for the nation? Will Paraguay's economy suffer as a consequence of the political turmoil?

June 25, 2012: Are Prospects for Latin America's Energy Sector Dimming?
By Jeremy Martin, Paul Isbell, Duncan Wood, and Patricia I. Vasquez
Source: Latin America Advisor
Q: Given the potential of significant oil reserves in Brazil and Venezuela, large shale gas discoveries, plummeting wind energy prices and other developments, some analysts are highly optimistic about the general energy outlook in Latin America. Others cite opposition to hydro projects, vulnerabilities in energy-poor parts of the region, stagnation of oil production, unproved ultra-deep-water technologies and other hurdles as cause for major concern about the region's energy future. Are reasons for optimism weak? Or are pessimists underestimating the region's potential? What are the major trends in regional energy issues that we can expect in the period ahead, and how can possible solutions to problems best be reached?

June 23, 2012: Es un retroceso para la democracia en Paraguay
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
Los errores cometidos por Lugo no justificaban el juicio. El ex mandatario cometió algunos errores y probablemente haya sido un jefe de Estado inepto pero la oposición es culpable de haber manipulado el sistema para encontrar una manera de sacarlo del poder.

June 22, 2012: Where is the Future of Hydro in Latin America Projects Headed?
By Deborah Bleviss, Johanna Mendelson Forman, Amanda Maxwell, Genaro Arriagada, and Craig Kelly
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
Q: Colbún, the Chilean power company holding a 49 percent stake in the controversial HidroAysén project, announced last month that it is "indefinitely suspending" the environmental impact assessment for the project's transmission line. It is one of many regional projects that have faced local and environmental opposition, but have also been cited as necessary to meet growing energy needs. Are mega hydropower projects like this doomed in Chile and elsewhere in Latin America? What energy sources will fill in the void if such projects don't come to fruition? How are anticipated consequences of climate change, such as drought, going to change the region's current and future hydropower infrastructure?

June 20, 2012: What Will Be Accomplished at This Week's Rio+20 Summit?
By Juan José Daboub, Mark Konold, and Jim Shultz
Source: Latin America Advisor
Hundreds of world leaders and government officials have converged in Rio de Janeiro at the Rio+20 Earth Summit, which begins today. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said that the conference must achieve 'concrete decisions and agreements,' though some are skeptical that a global consensus on plans to combat climate change is likely to occur. Is Rio+20 likely to result in an actionable, common agenda? Or will the agreement be 'so weak it is meaningless, or completely collapse,' as WWF director general Jim Leape predicted? What is Latin America's role in the global debate over climate change? How well are its cities and states preparing for climate change?

June 18, 2012: How Closely Tied are Spain's and Latin America's Fortunes?
By Enrique V. Iglesias, Pablo Toral, Federico Steinberg, Joaquín Roy, and Áurea Moltó
Source: Latin America Advisor
Spanish King Juan Carlos emphasized the importance of economic ties with Latin American countries during a visit to the region earlier this month. He praised the business climates in Brazil and Chile and said Spanish companies would continue investing in the region. The king also said in Brasília that economic reforms in his country "will not take long to bear fruit." How has Spain's economic trouble changed its commercial and trade relationship with Latin America? Which companies and countries are hurt by the woes in Europe, and which regional players are taking advantage of it the most? Was the king's visit to the region a success? Why or why not?

June 15, 2012: Sob o Manto Domestico
By Jacqueline Pitanguy
Source: O Globo
Durante séculos a violência contra mulheres exercida entre os muros da casa, por maridos e companheiros, conhecida como violência domestica , não tinha visibilidade publica nem era reconhecida como crime. As mulheres apanhavam no silencio do lar,entre tapas e beijos, no espaço emocional que , teoricamente, lhes traria segurança. Sendo esta uma violência de repetição, apanhavam com regularidade e frequentemente morriam assassinadas. Essa forma de violência se diluia na cumplicidade da sociedade ,“em briga de marido e mulher não se mete a colher”, e na ausência de acolhimento institucional às vítimas.

June 8, 2012: Remarks at 2012 Sol M. Linowitz Forum: “Who will be the next U.S. president? Will it make a difference for U.S. Foreign Policy? For Latin America?”
By Scott Wilson, Washington Post

June 7, 2012: Globalization, Made in the Americas
By Robert Zoellick
Source: Remarks at the Dialogue's 30th Anniversary Gala
A new hemispheric partnership requires leaving old habits, old mindsets, and old models of dependency behind.

June 5, 2012: Economía, clave en las urnas
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La elección presidencial de EE. UU. ha entrado en una fase crítica. La semana pasada, Mitt Romney acumuló suficientes delegados para asegurarse la nominación republicana. La atención se centra ahora en él.

June 5, 2012: Economy is key at the ballot box
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The US presidential election has entered a critical phase. Last week, Mitt Romney amassed enough delegates to insure the Republican nomination. Attention is now focused on him.

June 4, 2012: A Special Report from Progreso Weekly
By Aurelio Alonso, Oscar Espinosa Chepe, Carmelo Mesa Lago, Arturo López-Levy, Peter Hakim, Julia Sweig
Source: Progreso Weekly
On the occasion of the controversy raised by the pastoral line proposed by the Archdiocese of Havana and Cardinal Jaime Ortega, Hakim opines that, while Ortega made some unfortunate statements at Harvard, the fact remains that he is an extraordinary man who has already contributed significantly to change in Cuba.

May 31, 2012: Starpower Trumps Diplomacy
By Peter Hakim
Source: PDiN Monitor, USC Center on Public Diplomacy
Along with fellow BRICS nations, Brazil is regarded as one the world’s five most powerful emerging economies. A recent poll says it is the most admired of this group. And it has been selected as the site of both the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games. No, Brazil does not have the planet’s greatest publicist. Its incredible rise in the past dozen years is due to many factors. Self-promotion is not among the most important.

May 29, 2012: What Awaits Mexico if the PRI Sweeps the July 1 Elections?
By Andrés Rozental, James R. Jones, Andrew Selee, and George W. Grayson
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Institutional Revolutionary Party, with its allied Green Party, is poised to win a majority of the seats in both houses of Mexico's Congress in national elections this July, according to a poll released May 11 by Consulta Mitofsky. PRI presidential candidate Enrique Peña Nieto has been running more than 20 percentage points ahead of competitors Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the PRD and Josefina Vázquez Mota of the ruling PAN party in recent polls. What types of legislative changes or reforms would result from PRI control of Mexico's presidency and both chambers of its Congress? Will the PRI re-establish the dominance that it enjoyed for seven decades? Can the PAN and PRD regroup, or will new parties and alliances form should the PRI sweep the election?

May 29, 2012: Carta al editor: La expropriación de YPF
By Jorge Argüello
En un artículo recientemente publicado en El Colombiano, el presidente del Inter-American Dialogue, Michael Shifter, se refiere a la expropiación de la petrolera argentina YPF enlazando una serie de afirmaciones desacertadas que lo llevan, necesariamente, a una conclusión errónea sobre la situación y las perspectivas de Argentina.

May 21, 2012: EUA debe aportar a C.A. $600 millones (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica
Michael Shifter dirige el Diálogo Interamericano, uno de los tanques de pensamiento más reconocidos en Washington, D.C. Recientemente se presentó el estudio “Contando la violencia criminal en Centroamérica”,que aborda elementos ya conocidos y también propone ideas que el autor considera necesarias para encontrar un mejor enfoque en el combate al narcotráfico y crimen organizado en la región.

May 21, 2012: The Americas in the World
By Ambassador Luigi Einaudi
Source: Remarks at 15th Annual Annual Western Hemisphere Colloquium
The emergence of non-traditional security matters has fueled a debate over what is security and what is defense. What is the threat? Who are you fighting? Is there an “enemy”? Are terrorists foreign or domestic? Military forces are trained to defend national sovereignty against external attack by a foreign enemy. They are not trained to deal with their fellow citizens. That is police work. In some countries, turning to the military for internal security evokes terrible memories of Cold War conflicts when repression sometimes became identified with military forces allied with the United States.

May 16, 2012: What Is on the Horizon for Asia-Latin America Trade?
By Ann Lee, Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, Margaret Myers
Source: Latin America Advisor
While China-Latin America trade and investment ties have dominated headlines over the past decade, a flurry of recent deals between Latin American leaders and other Asian countries has brought more attention to non-China trade flows with the region. What is the current trade dynamic between Latin America and countries like South Korea, Japan, Vietnam and others in the Asia-Pacific region? What is the outlook for trade between the regions? What specific countries and sectors will most likely flourish in the period ahead, and why?

May 11, 2012: El Salvador Gang Truce Raises Troubling Questions for Region
By Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics Review
El Salvador, only recently home to the world’s second-highest homicide rate, has watched murders plummet by 60 percent since early March. The unprecedented decline, however, is not the result of conventional policies aimed at eliminating criminal activity, but rather a very different development: a negotiated truce between the country’s two leading gangs, the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18. But the gang truce has left lawmakers and security experts in El Salvador and across the region grappling with a slew of unsettling questions.

May 10, 2012: Biggest Threat to Latin American Region is U.S. Disengagement: Boehner
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The most serious challenge facing Latin America is the possibility of the United States' disengaging from the region, House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) said Tuesday at the Council of the Americas' annual Washington Conference.

May 10, 2012: How Important Is the Supreme Court Case on Immigration?
By Jim Kolbe, Anthony Romero, Jessica Zuckerman, Louis DeSipio, Tamar Jacoby
Source: Latin America Advisor
In late June, the U.S. Supreme Court is expected to rule on the federal government's challenge to Arizona's controversial immigration law, which requires local police officers to check the immigration status of anyone suspected of being in the country illegally. During oral arguments April 25, justices were skeptical of the Obama administration's arguments that Arizona overstepped its authority. How strong is the federal government's case? How might the outcome affect immigration policies and the future immigration debate? Will the high court's decision influence the U.S. presidential election in November? What are the case's implications, if any, on the economies of the United States, Mexico and Central American countries?

May 9, 2012: Is Bolivia's Government Handling Social Unrest Well?
By Jaime Aparicio, Kathryn Ledebur, and G. Philip Hughes
Source: Latin American Advisor
Hundreds of indigenous Bolivians on April 27 began a second march to protest a controversial road through the Tipnis national park after President Evo Morales said the decision about the road's construction would be put to a vote by local communities. Meanwhile, the administration has faced strikes across the country in recent weeks from health workers, teachers, miners and other groups dissatisfied with working conditions and wages, some of which have turned violent. What challenges does the government face in resolving the recent bouts of social unrest? What are the underlying causes of the conflicts and how should the administration be handling them? How well is Morales weathering the storm?

May 8, 2012: Military Aid Is Unattractive, but Unavoidable
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Times
The spreading drug-fueled violence in Honduras – arguably the most troubled country in the Western Hemisphere – should be addressed through effective civilian law enforcement institutions, not military forces. Strengthening such institutions should be the principal focus of U.S. policy and cooperation with Honduras and other nations beset by criminal violence.

May 7, 2012: Will Higher Corporate Taxes Improve Education in Chile?
By Jorge Heine, Jeffrey Puryear, and Risa Grais-Targow
Source: Latin America Advisor
Chilean President Sebastián Piñera on April 26 announced a tax plan to finance education reform that would increase corporate taxes from 18.5 percent to 20 percent. The new tax package would raise between $700 million and $1 billion, said Piñera on the same day that tens of thousands of students protested in Santiago. Student leaders have criticized the move as inadequate, while Finance Minister Felipe Larraín said it could negatively affect Chile's economy. Are lawmakers likely to approve the measure? Would an increase on the corporate tax rate, which was going to be lowered back to 17 percent in 2013, harm the economy? Will the increased spending have a significant effect on ensuring access to better quality education? What more should the government be doing to address the unrest?

May 4, 2012: Can Countries Reduce Violence by Negotiating With Gangs?
By Francisco Altschul, Cynthia Arnson, and Douglas Farah
Source: Latin America Advisor
Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes announced April 15 that on the previous day, the country experienced its first day without any reported murders since he took office in 2009. Earlier this year, El Salvador was suffering about 18 killings per day. The news is linked to a March truce between the rival Mara Salvatrucha and Mara 18 gangs, allegedly brokered with government involvement, according to online Salvadoran newspaper El Faro. Funes denied involvement in negotiating the truce, saying it was the action of the Catholic Church. What are the tradeoffs and dangers to negotiating such an agreement with gangs? Are other countries that are also facing historic levels of violence considering similar actions? What are the political and social ramifications of such a tactic? Is it sustainable in the long run?

May 4, 2012: Romney's Dilemma
By Abraham Lowenthal
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
The prolonged US presidential campaign has entered a new phase with the presumptive selection of former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney as the Republican nominee to battle president Barack Obama.

May 3, 2012: Spain's Power Wanes Amid Energy Sector Nationalizations
By Alexis Arthur
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
The nationalizations of Argentina's biggest oil and gas company and Bolivia's electricity distributor have been roundly condemned abroad as illadvised, populist moves. Yet beyond the short-term political gains and the potential long-term economic risks for each country, the episodes may suggest the emergence of a broader trend: the decline of the relationship between Latin America and Spain.

May 1, 2012: El nacionalismo de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La presidenta argentina Cristina Fernández ha aumentado sus llamamientos al sentimiento nacionalista para recuperar su apoyo político interno, que ha caído desde que comenzó su segundo mandato en diciembre.

May 1, 2012: The Nationalism of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Argentine President Cristina Fernández has increased her appeals to nationalist sentiment to build domestic political support, which has dropped since she started her second term in December.

May 1, 2012: Is Bribery Just a Cost of Doing Business in Mexico?
By Andrés Rozental, Jon French, Tapen Sinha, John A. Detzner, and Ruben Olmos
Source: Latin America Advisor
Executives of Wal-Mart de México allegedly bribed officials with more than $24 million over the past several years to speed up expansion in Mexico, The New York Times reported April 21. According to the report, the retailer failed to notify law enforcement of the evidence its investigators had uncovered, instead shutting down the internal probe. The retailer said it is aggressively investigating the allegations. What do the allegations say about the state of doing business in Mexico? Is bribery a widespread cost of doing business in the country? Are Mexican laws and other regulations, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, proving to be inadequate?

April 30, 2012: How Will YPF's Nationalization Affect Argentina?
By Jorge Argüello, D. Jorge Dezcallar de Mazarredo, Lino Gutierrez, and José Octavio Bordón
Source: Latin America Advisor
Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner on April 16 announced that the government was immediately taking control of the nation's largest oil producer, YPF, and sending legislation to Congress to seize Repsol's 51 percent stake in the company. Fernández's government has complained that YPF under-invested in Argentina and has sent too much oil, and profits, abroad. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy blasted Argentina's action, saying it lacked justification and was a 'negative decision for everyone.' Was the government justified in taking over YPF? How will the takeover affect investment in all sectors of Argentina's economy? How will the move affect Argentina's relations with other countries?

April 29, 2012: Fiscal Mobility and the Poor: a New Approach (PDF)
By Nora Lustig and Sean Higgins
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Taxes and transfers can have significant impacts on poverty and inequality. All standard measures are by definition anonymous in the sense that we do not know the identity of winners and losers.

April 24, 2012: Education Chapter in Mexico 2042 (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear, Lucrecia Santibañez and Alexandra Solano

April 24, 2012: Education Chapter in Mexico 2042 (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear, Lucrecia Santibañez and Alexandra Solano

April 24, 2012: U.S. Should Not Increase Spending on Border Security: Report
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Calls for increasing U.S. forces and spending along the border with Mexico don't reflect the reality of the security situation and should not be heeded, a report released on Thursday concluded.

April 23, 2012: What Did the Summit of the Americas Accomplish, if Anything?
By Peter Hakim, Carlo Dade, Graciela C. Römer, Nicolás Mariscal and Sergio Ferragut
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Summit of the Americas ended April 15 with the gathering's host, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, conceding that there would be no final joint declaration because "there is no consensus." The summit was marked by discord between the United States and Latin American countries on issues including Cuba's participation, drugs and the status of the Falkland Islands. What did the summit accomplish, if anything? Did the summit hurt or help the United States' standing among other countries in the hemisphere? Will regional engagement on Cuba's participation in the summit affect the Castro government?

April 18, 2012: Gobierno y Oposición: "Cuando tenía las respuestas, me cambiaron las preguntas"
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Dentro de los misterios políticos de estos años está el de la popularidad de Piñera. ¿Cómo puede ser que un gobierno con muy buenos indicadores económicos le vaya tan mal en las encuestas?

April 15, 2012: Regional coordination, US commitment needed to fight crime
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Nicaragua Dispatch
U.S. domestic policies have significant consequences for criminal violence in Central America. The United States is the top consumer of illegal drugs in the world, yet focuses much of its attention and resources on the supply side of the equation through eradication and interdiction programs.

April 12, 2012: Cartagena, ¿una Cumbre memorable?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La discusión anticipada de varios de los temas más controvertidos -incluyendo el rol de Cuba en los asuntos regionales, las alternativas a las actuales estrategias antidrogas, el reclamo de Argentina sobrelas Islas Malvinas/Falkland Islands-podría hacer que esta Cumbre sea particularmente trascendental, o podría resultar, simplemente caliente y polémica.

April 12, 2012: A Consequential Summit?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
The anticipated discussion of two of the hemisphere’s most controversial issues—Cuba’s role in regional affairs and alternatives to current anti-drug strategies—could make this Summit particularly consequential, or it could simply lead to a heated and contentious exchange.

April 11, 2012: As Mining Sector Takes Off, Colombia Must Take Care
By Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
Colombia is in the midst of a mining boom, with high commodities prices and Chinese demand placing its nascent mining sector at the center of the country’s economic development model. The challenge for Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos is to capitalize on the sector’s promise, while avoiding some of the environmental and social challenges that have impacted other South American mining countries, such as Chile and Peru.

April 10, 2012: China's engagement with Latin America: More of the same?
By Margaret Myers
Source: "Asia and Latin America: Setting the Agenda" Conference, University of Miami
In a "think piece" for an upcoming conference at the University of Miami, China and Latin America Program Director, Margaret Myers, assesses the nature of China-Latin America relations. She argues that despite an explosion of cooperative efforts between China and various countries in the region, the China-Latin America relationship remains fundamentally imbalanced. Going forward, Latin America should anticipate engagement with China that is driven primarily by China's domestic considerations. China's dominant and resource-based engagement with the region is unlikely to change over the next few years, even despite growing emphasis on "mutually beneficial" and cooperative relationships.

April 9, 2012: Drugs: The Debate Goes Mainstream
By Fernando H. Cardoso, César Gaviria, Ernesto Zedillo
Source: Huffington Post
Latin America is talking about drugs like never before. The taboo that has long prevented open debate about drug policies has been broken -- thanks to a steadily deteriorating situation on the ground and the courageous stand taken by presidents Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia, Otto Perez Molina of Guatemala and Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica.

April 9, 2012: A U.S.-Brazil Respect Deficit
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
This week's U.S. visit by President Dilma Rousseff could set the stage for meaningful economic agreements between the two nations that have long neglected the need for a robust relationship. However, no one anticipates that the Brazilian president's visit will alter bilateral relations in any substantial way.

April 9, 2012: Brasil e Estados Unidos são cada vez mais importantes um para o outro
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
A visita da presidente Dilma Rousseff a Washington deve ser mais um passo positivo no processo contínuo da construção de uma maior confiança mútua e da cooperação entre as duas maiores nações das Américas, duas das seis maiores economias do mundo, e dois dos governos mais moderados e pragmáticos.

April 9, 2012: Brazil and the US are becoming increasingly important to one another
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
President Dilma Rousseff’s visit to Washington should be another positive step in an ongoing process of building greater mutual confidence and practical cooperation between the two largest nations of the Americas, two of the world’s six largest economies, and two of its most moderate and pragmatic national governments.

April 8, 2012: Rousseff should leave US with a trade deal
By Moises Naim
Source: Financial Times
Unless Ms Rousseff and Mr Obama disrupt the status quo in their countries’ relationship, this will continue to be a story of missed opportunities, in which minor agreements are extolled as epic changes while, in practice, the two nations continue to fail to forge a world-changing alliance.

April 8, 2012: El debate impensable está hoy sobre la mesa
By Fernando H. Cardoso, César Gaviria, Ernesto Zedillo
Source: El Tiempo
¿Cuál es la mejor manera de enfrentar el problema de las drogas? Diferentes opciones están puestas hoy sobre la mesa. En los últimos cuatro meses, la discusión ha avanzado más que en 40 años. Lo que parecía impensable está ahora siendo discutido a la luz del día.

April 4, 2012: ¿Equilibrio en la frontera? México en los medios de comunicación norteamericanos (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: Temas
Durante la última década, México ha surgido como un punto de gran envergadura en el ciclo noticioso norteamericano. A pesar de estar involucrada en dos guerras en el Medio Oriente, y de la creciente competencia de naciones como China, la atención norteamericana no se ha desviado totalmente de sus más próximos vecinos. El público norteamericano sigue preocu pado sobre el estado de los asuntos en México. Un sondeo de febrero de 2011 arrojó que 62% de los que respondieron estaban «muy interesados» o «algo interesados» por lo que ocurre en México,1 con lo que ocupa un puesto equivalente al de otros puntos neurálgicos globales como Iraq, Afganistán, Corea del Norte, Irán, Pakistán y el Egipto posterior a la revolución.

April 4, 2012: Balance on the Border? Evaluating US News Media Portrayals of Mexico (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: Temas
Over the past decade, Mexico has emerged as a major flash point in the US news cycle. Yet, this high level of interest has been accompanied by increasingly unfavorable views toward the United States’ southern neighbor. According to a February 2011 Gallup poll, US attitudes toward Mexico are the most negative they have been in over 20 years. These negative attitudes are no doubt connected to two factors: Mexico’s violent struggle against drug trafficking and the significant flow of Mexican migrants into the United States. These developments have at once placed Mexico at the top of the US news cycle, while also generating rising levels of ill will among the US populace. The situation raises concerns and questions about the connection between US media coverage and public perceptions of Mexico. What is the nature and quality of US news reporting on Mexico?

April 3, 2012: Is Mexico's Middle Class Fundamentally Changing the Country?
By Andrés Rozental, Nicolás Mariscal, Rogelio Ramírez de la O, and Richard Feinberg
"The rise of the Mexican middle class is the most relevant development of the last decade in the country," a new report from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars states. Mexican society has fundamentally changed, as citizens have acquired stronger senses of property and ownership and demand more accountability from authorities, the report added. Do you agree? What opportunities and challenges would a growing Mexican middle class bring to businesses in Mexico? For governments? Would a stronger middle class change Mexico's political calculus?

March 28, 2012: Peru's Humala Struggles to Balance Mining-Based Growth, Social Development
By Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
Peruvian Justice Minister Juan Jiménez's appearance before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights last week marked the latest challenge to President Ollanta Humala's strategy of marrying mining-based growth with social development.

March 27, 2012: The United States' Time in Afghanistan is Over
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The United States has entered the second decade of the longest war in its history. The nation is weary and, polls show, eager to bring the troops home.

March 27, 2012: La hora de EE.UU en Afganistán terminó
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Estados Unidos han entrado en la segunda década de la guerra más larga de su historia. La nación está cansada y, según las encuestas, con ganas de traer las tropas a casa.

March 23, 2012: Central America Moves Toward a Truly Regional Stance on Drugs
By Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics
On March 24, Central American leaders will take a decisive step toward opening the debate on drug decriminalization by convening in Antigua, Guatemala, to discuss alternatives to the foundering war on drugs. The meeting, proposed by Guatemalan ex-general and newest member of the Central American presidents’ club Otto Pérez Molina, follows a five-country tour by his vice president to rally support for frank dialogue. It also comes on the heels of regional visits by U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano and Vice President Joe Biden to reinforce the United States’ commitment to anti-crime cooperation and rebuff the possibility of legalization.

March 22, 2012: Will Southcom Play an Important Role in Fighting Crime?
By Gabriel Marcella, Orlando J. Pérez, Richard Downie, and Maria Velez de Berliner
In delivering his 2012 posture statement to a congressional committee on March 6, Gen. Douglas Fraser, the head of the United States Southern Command (Southcom), said that the inability of the Central American region to deal with organized crime has "serious implications" for U.S. security. One of Southcom's primary goals is to reduce the threat of organized crime from a national and regional security threat to a "public safety problem," Fraser said. Will Southcom play an important part in tackling transnational organized crime in the region? How effective has Southcom been in advancing U.S. security interests in both Central America and the wider region? What areas should Southcom focus on, and how should its successes be measured? Does it have enough funding to achieve its goals?

March 21, 2012: Australia's Latin American Opportunity
By Alexis Arthur
Source: The Interpreter
Kevin Rudd's resignation as Foreign Minister could be a greater loss than many realise for Australia's engagement beyond Asia.

March 20, 2012: Las remesas y la migración en la Región Autónoma de la Costa del Caribe de Nicaragua: una aproximación y caracterización (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Este documento presenta los resultados de una encuesta sobre las dimensiones de la migración y la transferencia de remesas a la zona de la Costa del Caribe de Nicaragua. Aquí se presentan las características y particularidades del receptor de remesas de esta región autónoma, su posición en el sistema financiero y el acceso que obtiene al mismo junto con sus prácticas financieras y otros intereses relacionados al sector bancario.

March 19, 2012: Is the Caribbean Community in Danger of Collapsing?
By Ivelaw Lloyd Griffith, Norman Girvan, Richard L. Bernal, G. Philip Hughes, and Paget deFreitas
Source: Latin America Advisor
In a recently released report, British consulting firm Randall Mills said the Caribbean Community regional block, or Caricom, "could expire slowly over the next few years." The Caribbean integration movement could come to an end in four to five years because of poor financing, dissatisfaction among members and the world economic crisis, the report added. Is Caricom in danger of collapsing? What effect would such a collapse have on the economies of Caribbean countries in the short and long term? What are Caricom's greatest achievements thus far? Could closer integration benefit the region and, if so, what steps would have to be taken to achieve it?

March 16, 2012: Is the Global Energy Map Shifting to the Western Hemisphere?
By Duncan Wood, Jeremy Martin, Francisco Ebeling Barros, and David Mares
For the first time since 1949, the United States exported more gasoline, heating oil and diesel fuel last year than it imported, the Energy Department reported Feb 29, and imports of crude oil fell to a level not seen since 1995. Such advances in the United States, along with recent discoveries in Latin America of vast gas reserves in shale formations, subsalt oil deposits and renewable energy resources, have led some analysts argue that the global energy map is shifting from the Middle East to the Western Hemisphere. Is the "world's oil map" shifting away from the Middle East? What would be the implications of greater energy independence in the United States and the countries of the Western Hemisphere? Will energy cooperation-or energy conflict-come to dominate headlines in the Americas in years to come?

March 13, 2012: Mitt Romney, a complicated favorite
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
No one ever said it would be easy for Mitt Romney to win the Republican nomination for president in 2012. But few believed it would prove to be so complicated.

March 13, 2012: Mitt Romney, favorito pero comprometido
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nadie dijo que sería fácil para Mitt Romney ganar la nominación republicana para presidente en 2012. Sin embargo, pocos creían que llegaría a ser tan complicado.

March 13, 2012: Insecurity Threatens El Salvador's Gains 20 Years After War's End
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes marked the 20th anniversary of the end to the country's civil war with an emotional apology earlier this year in El Mozote, the site of an infamous massacre where nearly 1,000 civilians were killed in 1981. "I apologize to the people of El Salvador who suffered such outrageous and unacceptable violence," he said to victims' families. But, after two decades of democracy, a new kind of outrageous violence—this time, brought by drug traffickers—presents an ominous threat to hard-won gains.

March 13, 2012: El lugar para hablar de drogas
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Dentro de América Latina está creciendo el consenso de que la raíz de la violenta ola de criminalidad que se extiende por varios países se debe al uso masivo de narcóticos en Estados Unidos Los EE.UU. han demostrado a lo largo de los años que no quieren o no pueden frenar su demanda o frenar el flujo de dinero o armas a las bandas criminales. Sin embargo, la ansiedad de Washington sobre discutir la política de drogas con los líderes del hemisferio que se reunirán en Cartagena son exageradas.

March 13, 2012: The Right Place for a Drug Policy Debate
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Among Latin Americas, there is a growing consensus that the root cause of their violent crime wave is the massive use of narcotics in the US. And there is not much question that it is mostly the US’s unceasing demand for drugs and the huge profits it generates that finances organized crime across the region, particularly in Mexico and Central America. Nonetheless, Washington’s anxieties about discussing drug policy with hemispheric leaders in Cartagena are exaggerated.

March 12, 2012: Are Brazil-U.S. Military Relations Experiencing Turbulence?
By Craig Kelly, Rubens Barbosa, Peter Hakim, and David Fleischer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazil's Foreign Affairs ministry said March 1 that the U.S. Air Force's cancellation of a $355 million contract for defense aircraft manufactured by Embraer was a surprise and does not help bilateral military relations between the two countries. The cancellation, which Air Force officials said was due to faulty documentation surrounding the contract, followed reports that Brazil is likely to choose France's Dassault instead of U.S.-based Boeing for a multi-billion-dollar contract for military aircraft. Have these developments affected military and business relations between the two countries? Will Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's visit to Washington next month help improve bilateral relations? What will be the most important agenda items during her visit?

March 9, 2012: How Is Europe's Ongoing Debt Crisis Affecting Latin America?
By Uri Dadush, Daniel Marx, Áurea Moltó, and Nicolás Mariscal
Source: Latin America Advisor
European countries beset by the continent's debt crisis should learn lessons from Latin America's economic experiences, Mexican officials said Feb. 26 at the close of a two-day summit of G-20 finance officials. Mexican President Felipe Calderón added that policymakers should take swift action to ensure that Europe's economic woes don't cause more harm abroad. How is Europe's continued debt crisis affecting the region? What lessons should European policymakers take from previous experiences in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America? Which ones should they ignore? Is Europe too slow in its decision-making, as some officials have alleged, and, if so, what consequences will it have for Latin America?

March 8, 2012: China’s Rise and Latin America: A Global, Long-Term Perspective
By Uri Dadush and Shimelse Ali
Source: International Economic Bulletin
Over the past decade, China has become an increasingly important economic partner for Latin America. But this trend must be placed in proper perspective. Even as trade and investment links between China and Latin America have grown, the United States and Europe are—and will continue to be—vital trading partners for the region. Moreover, China’s rise is only one part of a broader shift towards a world in which emerging markets have greater economic weight. Policymakers in Latin America need to view China’s growing influence within the context of both current economic patterns and long-term global trends.

March 5, 2012: Cuba, Obama y Las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El presidente Obama se verá fuertemente presionado para justificar su participación en la Cumbre de Cartagena con el presidente cubano Raul Castro este mes de abril, particularmente por ser una año electoral.

March 5, 2012: What Would a Tax Overhaul Mean for Colombia's Economy?
By Roberto Steiner, Marta Lucía Ramírez, Daniel E. Velandia O., Juan David Escobar Valencia
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombia will "do away with a lot of deductions and loopholes" for businesses as part of the overhaul of its tax system, Finance Minister Juan Carlos Echeverry told Dow Jones in an interview published Feb. 20. Colombia's current tax system is unfair to low-wage workers and an overhaul will make it more equitable, said Echeverry. Is Colombia's current tax system holding the country back? What does the overhaul mean for Colombia's economy and the businesses that operate in the country? Will the overhaul win approval in Colombia's Congress, which is dominated by supporters of President Juan Manuel Santos?

March 1, 2012: What's at Stake for Businesses in Mexico's Presidential Election?
By Nicolás Mariscal, Andrew Selee, James R. Jones, and Rogelio Ramírez de la O
Source: Latin America Advisor
Josefina Vázquez Mota, the candidate of Mexico's ruling National Action Party, or PAN, and the first female major-party nominee for president in Mexico's history, is rising in the polls ahead of the country's July presidential election. Vázquez Mota had 32 percent support (eliminating undecided voters) in a poll released Feb. 20 by El Universal and polling firm Buendia & Laredo. The poll showed that Vázquez Mota is still trailing Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, by 16 percentage points. Will Vázquez Mota's support continue rising until election day? How similar is Peña Nieto's PRI from the party that lost Mexico's presidency in 2000 after holding it for more than seven decades? What is at stake for Mexico's business community in the election?

February 28, 2012: La importancia de la cumbre en Cartagena
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La VI Cumbre de las Américas en Cartagena, el 14 y el 15 de abril, tomará la medida de las relaciones políticas en el hemisferio occidental. Aunque el estado de ánimo es probable que sea menos armonioso que en la primera cumbre, celebrada en Miami, Florida, en 1994, también es probable que sea menos conflictivo que la cuarta cumbre, que tuvo lugar en Mar del Plata, Argentina, en 2005.

February 28, 2012: The Importance of the Summit in Cartagena
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The sixth Summit of the Americas in Cartagena, Colombia on April 14th and 15th will take the measure of political relations in the Western Hemisphere. Although the mood is likely to be less harmonious than the first summit, held in Miami, Florida, in 1994, it will also probably be less conflictive than the fourth summit, which took place in Mar del Plata, Argentina, in 2005.

February 27, 2012: What Are Capriles' Chances of Defeating Chávez in October?
By Daniel Hellinger, Jennifer McCoy, John Walsh, David Smilde,
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan opposition leader Henrique Capriles Radonski handily won the Feb. 12 primary with 62 percent of the vote and is set to face President Hugo Chávez in the country's Oct. 7 presidential elections. What are Capriles' chances of unseating Chávez, whose popularity rankings have been above 50 percent lately? What will be the most important issues of the race? Is the election likely to be free and fair? Would there be a peaceful transfer of power if Capriles wins?

February 23, 2012: Is Honduras' Government Failing to Adequately Function?
By Jorge Ramón Hernández Alcerro, Sandra M. Martinez, Cresencio Arcos, and Carlos Imendia
Source: Latin America Advisor
The catastrophic Feb. 14 fire at an overcrowded Honduran prison, which killed 360 people after guards could not find the keys to inmates' cells, exposed another level of dysfunction in the Central American country. Honduras already has the world's highest murder rate, according to the United Nations, and the U.S. Peace Corps recently withdrew its volunteers from the violence-wracked and corruption-plagued country. Is Honduras' government failing to adequately function and provide basic safeguards for citizens? Is the government of President Porfirio Lobo doing the best it can, or is it falling short? To what extent does Honduras' current problems stem from the country's 2009 coup?

February 18, 2012: Dilma em Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Não obstante algumas expectativas no início de sua Presidência, a recente visita de Dilma Rousseff a Cuba deixou clara a improbabilidade de ela vir a emergir como paladina internacional dos direitos humanos ou da democracia. Esses são assuntos sobre os quais o Brasil deverá permanecer extensivamente mudo fora de suas fronteiras.

February 18, 2012: Dilma in Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
Despite some early expectations for her presidency, Dilma Rousseff’s recent visit to Cuba made clear that she is unlikely to emerge as an international champion of human rights or democracy. These are issues on which Brazil will remain largely mute outside its own borders. Consistent with its history, Brazil’s foreign policy will be constrained by the country’s economic interests and long-standing political commitments, as well as the overwhelming importance it assigns to national sovereignty and nonintervention.

February 15, 2012: El Momento de Henrique Capriles
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El domingo, Henrique Capriles Radonski emergió como el ganador de las primeras elecciones primarias de la oposición venezolana desde que Hugo Chávez llegó al poder en 1999. Su aplastante victoria ofrece pistas acerca de lo que se necesita hacer para tener alguna posibilidad de derrotar a Chávez el 7 de octubre.

February 15, 2012: Henrique Capriles' Moment
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
On Sunday, Henrique Capriles Radonski emerged as the winner of the Venezuelan opposition’s first open primary contest since Hugo Chavez came to power in 1999. His overwhelming victory offers clues about what he will need to do to have any chance of defeating Chávez on October 7th.

February 13, 2012: Educación de calidad debe ser la meta
By Katherina Hruskovec
Source: Tal Cual
En Venezuela no se gestan las discusiones que se plantean en otras partes del mundo e, incluso, en las naciones latinoamericanas hermanas con quienes compartimos idioma, cultura y geografía. Mientras ustedes leen estas líneas, otros países, con sus aciertos y desaciertos, discuten la calidad de su educación pública y se nos adelantan en la larga carrera hacia el desarrollo.

February 10, 2012: What is Behind the Escalating Tensions over the Falklands?
By John Hughes, Graciela C. Römer, Rosendo Fraga, Mark P. Jones, Juan Cruz Díaz
Source: Latin America Advisor
Tensions between Great Britain and Argentina over the Falkland Islands have been escalating ahead of the 30th anniversary the Falklands War in 1982, which resulted in nearly 1,000 British and Argentine deaths. In December, the Mercosur trade bloc, in solidarity with Argentina, closed its ports to ships flying the Falkland Islands flag. Demonstrators outside British embassy in Buenos Aires have also burned the Union Jack. Britain, for its part, announced last month it is sending a warship to the area, and on Feb. 2 Prince William arrived in the Falklands for a high-profile, six-week deployment. What is driving the heightened rhetoric? What is at stake for both countries, and their allies?

February 8, 2012: Lecciones de la visita de Dilma a Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Aprendimos tres cosas de la visita de Dilma Rousseff a Cuba. Primero es poco probable que Brasil emerja como un campeón público de los derechos humanos o la democracia. Segundo, su gobierno ha mostrado una mayor flexibilidad hacia temas de democracia y derechos humanos que su predecesor. Tercero, mucha gente están convencidos de que Brasil puede hacer la diferencia en el comportamiento de gobiernos en sitios como Cuba, Venezuela e Irán.

February 8, 2012: Does Brazil's Rousseff Care Enough About Cuban Democracy?
By Peter Hakim, Lino Gutierrez, Margaret Daly Hayes, Daniel Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff last week paid a two-day visit to Cuba. Although trade was the main agenda item, the trip also raised questions about the extent to which Brazil wants to see democratic change in the communist nation. Rousseff told reporters that it isn't Brazil's place to judge Cuba's human rights record, adding that while Brazil granted a visa to dissident Cuban blogger Yoani Sánchez, it was for Cuba to decide whether to let her go. (Sánchez said last Friday that Cuba denied her an exit permit.) How much influence does Brazil wield in the debate over democracy and human rights in Cuba? How important is Brazil's support to Cuba's economy? Has Brazil's stance toward Cuba changed since the administration of Rousseff's predecessor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva?

February 8, 2012: Lionel Messi y la reprimenda del FMI a la Argentina
By Claudio Loser
Dos hechos aparentemente inconexos demuestran los problemas que enfrenta la Argentina en el escenario mundial. La última edición de la conocida revista estadounidense TIME menciona en un detallado articulo la triunfal carrera de Lionel Messi, el brillante y sencillo jugador del Barca, pero desdeñado en nuestra nativa Argentina. Ello de por sí me es incomprensible cuando veo a mis muy norteamericanos nietos, pero orgullosos con sus camisetas albicelestes con el nombre del gran jugador.

February 6, 2012: Brazil and the US Security Agenda
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Externa
In recent years, Brazil’s international policies, particularly in the global arena, have often clashed with US security interests and, at times, have been viewed in Washington as directly threatening those interests. Should we expect that the year-old government of Dilma Rousseff will stick to more pragmatic and moderate international policies than her more flamboyant and ambitious predecessor? And what can the US do to reduce the prospects of discord with Brazil on global and regional matters? The US security agenda is most seriously challenged by Brazil’s expanding global activism – not by its regional leadership role. The growing mistrust between the two countries should not be surprising. Nor should the occasional tensions. Changes in approach would benefit both nations.

February 6, 2012: O Brasil e a agenda de segurança dos EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Externa
Nos últimos anos, a política internacional brasileira, principalmente na arena global, entrou várias vezes em confl ito com os interesses de segurança dos EUA e, em certas ocasiões, foi vista pelo governo americano como uma ameaça direta a esses interesses. Será que podemos esperar que o governo de Dilma Rousseff, com apenas um ano de idade, apeguese a políticas internacionais mais pragmáticas e moderadas do que seu predecessor, mais extravagante e ambicioso? E o que os EUA podem fazer para reduzir a possibilidade de discórdia com o Brasil em assuntos mundiais e regionais, talvez para engajar de modo mais efetivo o Brasil como aliado nos interesses americanos?

February 5, 2012: ¿Conseguirá Obama un segundo mandato?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
Todo puede ocurrir, pero lo más probable es que Obama sea reelegido. Es un candidato vulnerable, sobre todo en materia económica. Pero la economía está mejorando, y si la tendencia se mantiene el presidente debería estar en una posición más sólida en noviembre.

February 5, 2012: Will Obama Win a Second Term?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
Anything can happen, but the chances are that Obama will be reelected. He is vulnerable, especially on the economy. But the economy is improving, and if the trend remains positive, he should be in a strong position in November.

February 3, 2012: Would Falling Commodity Prices Sink the Region's Economies?
By Graciana del Castillo, Alfredo Coutiño, Alicia Bárcena, and Alberto Pfeifer
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to ECLAC, a decade of economic growth, on average, has helped lift 56 million Latin Americans into the middle class since 1999. However, some economists worry that a decline in demand for commodities, which have risen from 27 percent to 39 percent of exports over the past decade, could reverse those gains. What effect would a decrease in commodities prices have on the region? Will the newly emergent middle class slide back into poverty, or are the gains sustainable? Has deindustrialization become an urgent policy concern for some Latin American countries?

February 2, 2012: Drug Crackdowns Pushing Traffickers into Caribbean: Ambassadors
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
WASHINGTON-As the United States pursues security initiatives to combat drug trafficking and insecurity in Latin America, the ambassadors from the Bahamas, Dominican Republic and Jamaica on Wednesday urged U.S. lawmakers not to neglect the Caribbean.

January 31, 2012: Florida define futuro republicano
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La montaña rusa en que se ha convertido la carrera para seleccionar el candidato republicano que enfrente al presidente Barack Obama, en las elecciones del próximo noviembre, ha llegado a un punto de inflexión.

January 31, 2012: Florida defines the Republicans' future
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The rollercoaster race to select the Republican nominee to face President Barack Obama in next November’s election has reached a key turning point.

January 30, 2012: The Debate the GOP Didn't Have in Florida
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
One can be forgiven for assuming that a primary election in Florida -- a state with a huge Latino population, often touted as the gateway to Latin America -- would offer the best time and place to have a serious debate about how the United States should deal with its closest neighbors, its proverbial "backyard." But that would be ignoring past experience and today's political realities.

January 30, 2012: The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989 - 2010 (PDF)
By Raymundo Campos, Gerardo Esquivel, and Nora Lustig
Inequality in Mexico rose between 1989 and 1994 and declined between 1994 and 2010. Raymundo Campos, Gerardo Esquivel, and Nora Lustig examine the role of market forces (demand and supply of labour by skill), institutional factors (minimum wages and unionization rate), and public policy (cash transfers) in explaining changes in inequality.

January 23, 2012: The Shifting Landscape of Latin American Regionalism (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Brazil’s rise, coupled with the diminished influence of the United States and the increasingly salient global role of China, has reshuffled the kaleidoscope of regional organizations in the Americas.

January 23, 2012: Will Colombia's Government and the FARC Begin Talks?
By Marta Lucía Ramírez, Silke Pfeiffer, Marc Chernick, and Adam Isacson
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia leader Rodrigo Londoño, alias "Timochenko," said Jan. 9 that the guerrilla group is interested in potentially negotiating with the government, indicating that it would like to restart the agenda of the 1999-2002 negotiations. In response, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said that talks would only happen if the FARC releases all hostages and ends its attacks. How successful has the government's offensive against the FARC been? Are there likely to be major new developments in the decades-long conflict in the near future? What steps should the government be taking?

January 17, 2012: El Momento de Guatemala
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Ningún presidente en las Américas se enfrenta a un desafío más difícil y a un escrutinio más fuerte que Otto Pérez Molina, quien asumió el poder en Guatemala, el sábado.

January 17, 2012: Guatemala's Moment
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
No president in the Americas faces a tougher challenge and more scrutiny than Otto Perez Molina, who took office in Guatemala on Saturday.

January 12, 2012: Mexico Making Strides in Fight Against Cartels: Public Security Secretary
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite the pervasiveness of grisly headlines, Mexican security forces are nonetheless making gains in the fight against organized crime, the country's secretary for public security, Genaro García Luna, said Wednesday.

January 12, 2012: Qué se espera de la Cumbre de las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
En abril, en Cartagena, Colombia, la Cumbre de las Américas juntará a los 34 presidentes electos y primeros ministros. Hay ciertamente varias razones para el optimismo en la Cumbre de Cartagena. Pero está claro que el éxito de esta Cumbre tendrá que depender de el liderazgo y la creatividad de Colombia y de otros gobiernos regionales.

January 12, 2012: The Next Summit of the Americas: A Preview of Cartagena, Colombia
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
In April, in Cartagena, Colombia, the Summit of the Americas will bring together the hemisphere’s 34 elected presidents and prime ministers. There are certainly reasons for optimism about the Cartagena Summit. But it is clear that the success of this Summit will depend on the leadership and creativity of Colombia and other Latin American and Caribbean countries.

January 9, 2012: Caracas or Bust: Is Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's latest tour of Latin America a waste of time?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
With his country in economic turmoil and facing unprecedented international pressure, the reasons for Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's latest Caribbean excursion are hardly a mystery. As an international outcast under increasing pressure due to his nuclear program, Ahmadinejad is understandably anxious to reinforce ties with the few allies he has left. And at a moment of escalating tensions with Washington, amid Iran's threats to close the Strait of Hormuz, the temptation to push back against the United States by showing up in its so-called "backyard" is irresistible.

January 9, 2012: ¿Son exagerados los temores de EE.UU. a los lazos entre Irán y América Latina?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Infolatam
La preocupación sobre las actividades de Hezbollah e Irán en Latinoamérica es ciertamente legítima y éstas tendrían que ser observadas atentamente. Es razonable suponer que la administración Obama está haciendo porecisamente eso.

January 5, 2012: The United States and Latin America: The Neighbourhood has Changed
By Peter Hakim
Source: The International Spectator
Centrifugal forces are gaining strength year by year in inter-American relations. US policy toward neighbouring Latin America is today retreating from a long tradition of efforts to formulate a Latin American-wide policy. It is early to dismiss the prospect of a future resurgence of hemispheric cooperation. Surely the US and Latin America share enough common interests and values for cooperation, even integration to benefit all countries. But the trend is now toward a Latin America increasingly independent of the US. The United States is becoming more and more focused on its own problems, while increasingly middle class, globalised Latin American nations are finding new partners, and determinedly pursuing their own course.

January 3, 2012: Un año con alta dosis electoral
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En 2012, tres elecciones presidenciales -México, Venezuela y los Estados Unidos- podría alterar el mapa político y las relaciones en las Américas.

January 3, 2012: A year with a high dose of elections
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
In 2012, three presidential elections – in Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States -- could alter the political map and relations in the Americas. The economy and – in Mexico and Venezuela, security – are decisive, as are the quality of the candidates and campaigns. There could well be surprises.

December 20, 2011: Obama: Causas y azares (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Ideele
Pocos estarían en desacuerdo con que el estado de ánimo de la nación,durante el primer periodo del primer presidente afroamericano en los Estados Unidos —que generó un enorme entusiasmo bajo el atractivo lema de “esperanza y cambio”— ha sido especialmente pesimista.

December 20, 2011: Obama: Causes and happenstance
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Ideele
Few would disagree that the nation's mood during the first term of the US's first African American president -- who generated tremendous enthusiasm under the appealing banner of "hope and change" -- has been notably pessimistic. Polls show that roughly three quarters believe the country is headed in the wrong direction. Most economic indicators are bleak. The unemployment rate seems stuck at about 9 percent, though it dropped to 8.6 percent in November 2011.

December 16, 2011: Where Does Chile's Education Budget Leave the Protests?
By Jeffrey Puryear, Peter M. Siavelis, Patricio Navia, Peter Winn
Source: Latin America Advisor
In what was reported as a blow to Chilean student groups that have been protesting for more than six months for more investment in public education and less private sector involvement, the center-right government's more austere 2012 public education budget won legislative approval Nov. 28 by a three-vote margin in the Chamber of Deputies. The proposed budget of $11.6 billion for 2012 is an increase of $350 million from the previous year, less an increase than students wanted, Reuters reported. Where does the close education budget vote leave the student protests? Is the money allocated by the government going where it is most needed? In addition to money, what are the other areas of concern in Chile's education system and how can the system be improved?

December 14, 2011: ¿Tendrá éxito la CELAC dónde otros similares han fallado?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Los países de América Latina tenían diferentes razones para promover la CELAC.Teniendo en cuenta la disminución de la relevancia de Washington en los asuntos regionales, los beneficios para América Latina de una organización política de toda la región con Estados Unidos como miembro están disminuyendo. Sin embargo, sólo los más cercanos aliados de Venezuela en el grupo del Alba pidieron que la CELAC reemplace a la OEA. A pesar de todo, la mayoría de los gobiernos de América Latina todavía quieren a los Estados Unidos bajo el mismo techo.

December 14, 2011: Will CELAC Succeed Where Other Similar Efforts Have Failed?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Latin American countries had different reasons for promoting CELAC. Brazil was most responsible for CELAC. It was at Brazil's 'megasummit' in 2009, where an already expanded Rio Group was essentially renamed CELAC-and Lula was able to show the reach, influence and leadership of Brazil.

December 13, 2011: The "Other" Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Twenty years ago it would have been hard to imagine that all Latin American and Caribbean governments would have created an organization that excluded the United States. It would have been equally unthinkable that the head of the International Monetary Fund would have gone to the region to request help for a European economic crisis.

December 13, 2011: La otra América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace 20 años hubiera sido difícil imaginar que todos los gobiernos latinoamericanos y caribeños crearan una organización que excluyera a Estados Unidos. Hubiera sido igual de inconcebible que el jefe del Fondo Monetario Internacional se fuera a la región para solicitar ayuda para una crisis económica europea.

December 8, 2011: The New Opposition: A Serious Challenge to Hugo Chávez
By Katherina Hruskovec and Cory Siskind
Source: International Affairs Review
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez is on the defensive. Opposition candidates squared off in a mid-November debate that gave a major boost to the previously troubled opposition. As the five candidates discussed the most pressing issues, including crime and the economy, they show-cased how much the opposition has evolved. At the onset of Chávez’s rise to power, the opposition was fragmented, disorganized, accusatory, and incompetent. However, during the recent debate, the candidates demonstrated poise and seriously addressed the concerns of many Venezuelans, instead of just criticizing Chávez.

December 1, 2011: ANÁLISIS DESCRIPTIVO DE LAS INSTITUCIONES RESPONSABLES DE LA GESTIÓN DE LAS POLÍTICAS MIGRATORIAS EN COSTA RICA Y NICARAGUA (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Beatriz Slooten
Source: EU - LAC
Las diferentes actividades del proyecto tienen como objetivo el fortalecimiento de las capacidades institucionales en la gestión de políticas migratorias ligadas a las realidades del mercado laboral y en particular a los procesos de retorno voluntario de migrantes. A tal efecto y con el fin de conocer la estructura institucional en América Latina y el Caribe, se han elaborado cinco análisis descriptivos sobre las capacidades y funciones de las instituciones encargadas de la definición y gestión de las políticas migratorias en los siguientes países: Costa Rica y Nicaragua

November 29, 2011: Nations Should Guarantee Services to Aid Growth: U.N. Report
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Approximately 5.1 billion people, or two thirds of the world's population, lack social protections such as adequate access to sanitation, health care and other essential services, according to a report released last month by a U.N. panel. It concluded that nations should adopt a "social protection floor," which would guarantee basic income and affordable services to all.

November 4, 2011: Will Brazil Be Part of the Solution to the Eurozone Crisis?
By Joel Korn, Albert Fishlow, Giorgio Romano Schutte

October 31, 2011: Replantear la política antidroga de EE UU
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Nadie está satisfecho con las políticas de combate a las drogas aplicadas por EE UU en los últimos 40 años. Pese a que la mayoría de los estadounidenses cree que la ‘guerra contra las drogas’ ha fracasado, el debate en Washington permanece prácticamente mudo.

October 31, 2011: Rethinking US Drug Policy
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
No one is satisfied with the United States’ anti-drug policies today. Despite the fact that a majority of US citizens now believe that their forty-year “war on drugs” has failed, there is hardly any debate at all in Washington over the US approach to illicit drugs.

October 30, 2011: Deseo mutuo de reducir tensiones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perfil
Casi tan predecible como la impresionante victoria de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner fue la invitación de Barack Obama para reunirse en el encuentro del G20. Después de varios años difíciles, parece haber un deseo sano y mutuo de reducir las tensiones bilaterales.

October 30, 2011: A mutual desire to reduce tensions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perfil
Almost as unsurprising as Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner’s impressive victory on October 23 was President Barack Obama’s invitation to meet with the re-elected Argentine president at this week’s G-20 summit in Cannes, France. There appears to be a healthy, mutual desire to reduce bilateral tensions, after a number of difficult years.

October 28, 2011: Activists Decry Brazil's Decision to Boycott Belo Monte Meeting
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Brazilian government on Wednesday refused to attend a meeting with activists opposed to the Belo Monte dam convened by the OAS's Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR). Members of the indigenous community and environmental groups that traveled to Washington for the meeting were surprised by the decision and lambasted the government, calling its actions "arrogant and undemocratic" at a press conference staged outside the OAS building.

October 26, 2011: China Must Respect Peru's Development Model, Prime Minister Says
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
While relations with China are increasingly important, Peru intends to ensure the Asian giant respects its environment and workers, Prime Minister Salomón Lerner said Tuesday.

October 18, 2011: TLC, una historia no tan feliz
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Algún día, alguien escribirá la historia completa y objetiva sobre el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos, aprobado finalmente por el Congreso el pasado 12 de octubre. (Los acuerdos con panamá y Corea del Sur también pasaron).

October 18, 2011: The FTA, not such a happy story
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Someday, someone will write the full and objective history of the US-Colombia free trade agreement, which the US Congress approved -- finally -- on October 12, 2011. (Agreements with Panama and South Korea also passed).

October 14, 2011: Half of Aruba's Energy to Come From Renewable Sources by 2013
By Rachel Sadon
By 2013, half of Aruba's energy will come from wind and solar sources, Prime Minister Mike Eman said Thursday.

October 13, 2011: The Colombia and Panama Free Trade Deals: New Momentum for US-Latin American Relations?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Some six years after they were formally signed, the US Congress has finally ratified the Colombia and Panama free trade agreements (FTAs) with the United States. Given the political animosity and distrust between Republicans and Democrats, it was touch and go until the last minute, but the accord between the White House and the congressional leadership held fast and the agreements passed by large majorities in both the Senate and the House. This is good news for the US, Panama and Colombia--all of which will see an expansion of exports and cheaper imports, and probably a range of new investments. It is also worth noting that the approval of the Colombia FTA was made possible by significant advances in public security and human rights, and that the pact demands needed additional reforms in the country.

October 12, 2011: Will Washington or Havana Move Toward Warmer Relations?
By Connie Mack, Jennifer McCoy, Christopher Sabatini, and Jerry Haar
Source: Latin America Advisor

October 12, 2011: EE.UU. y los TLCs con Colombia y Panamá
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Es pronto para descartar la posibilidad de un resurgimiento de la cooperación interamericana en algún momento en el futuro. Sin duda, EE.UU. comparte suficientes intereses y valores comunes con América Latina y el Caribe para que la cooperación y la integración puedan beneficiar a todos los países. Pero por ahora, la tendencia es hacia una América Latina cada vez más independiente y alejada de los EE.UU.. Y cada vez más, los EE.UU. está tratando con América Latina como lo hace con la mayoría de las regiones del mundo. Las relaciones bilaterales son cada vez más dominantes, mientras que las perspectivas regionales están disminuyendo.

October 11, 2011: South America's Governance Agenda
By Michael Shifter and Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
In June 2011, Ollanta Humala was elected president of Peru after campaigning on a platform of change. Significant for Peru, but also for South America more broadly, Humala advocated for moderate, not revolutionary, change -- calling for a better and fairer distribution of the fruits of Peru's impressive economic growth and for lower levels of corruption and crime. That kind of program won't entail upending the prevailing system. It will, however, require serious institutional reform.

October 9, 2011: Sergio Bitar adelanta su libro "Un futuro común: Chile, Bolivia, Perú" (PDF)
By Juan Pablo Toro
Source: El Mercurio
El ex ministro postula que la integración con los países vecinos es crucial para favorecer a largo plazo los intereses del país, más allá de la Haya y las desconfianzas históricas.

October 7, 2011: A paciência se esgota
By Roberto Teixiera Da Costa
Source: O Globo
Um país visto como modelo na América Latina, respeitado por seus índices de desenvolvimento, política econômica e social elogiada, crescimento do PIB, diminuição da pobreza, melhor índice de comportamento ético da região, entre tantos outros vetores positivos, está vivendo uma crise institucional que causa surpresa!

October 7, 2011: The cost of sending money and the impact of technology
By Ulric Rindebro
Source: Business News Americas
Remittances are a vital source of foreign exchange income for many countries and families in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). After many years of fast growth, remittances to LAC saw a steep drop in 2009 due to the global economic and financial crisis. The flows of remittances to the region started to recover last year, and this year growth is expected to be around 7%.

October 1, 2011: A Country Profile on the Gambia: The Marketplace & Financial Access (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anjali Banthia, and Mariama Ashcroft
Source: Women's World Banking
This report provides an overview of the marketplace shaping intermediation of remittance transfers to the Gambia. The report looks at the regulatory environment, the participation of competitors in the origin and destination of remittances and explores the relationship between remittances and finance.

September 27, 2011: Are Long-Stalled U.S. Free-Trade Pacts Headed for Passage?
By Peter Hakim, Celeste Drake, Carlos Mateo Paz-Soldan
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk said Sept. 12 that negotiations on passing free-trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea are currently underway in the U.S. Senate, where the Obama administration last week won approval of the revamped Trade Adjustment Assistance job retraining act. Kirk has expressed optimism that the trade pacts would be passed by the time President Barack Obama hosts leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation in November. Will the three accords receive congressional approval by then? What is standing in the way of the FTAs' approval? What would continued delay mean for U.S. economic and political relations with Colombia and Panama?

September 20, 2011: Fighting for the Right: Community Participation in Post-Transitional Democracies (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Beatriz Slooten
Source: Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

September 8, 2011: U.S.-Latin America Relations Stale: Former Foreign Ministers
By Rachel Sadon
Despite dramatic changes in circumstances, Latin Americans perceive few significant changes in relations with the United States since President Barack Obama took office, two former foreign ministers, Guillermo Fernández de Soto of Colombia and Gustavo Fernández Saavedra of Bolivia, said Wednesday at the annual CAF Conference on the Americas.

September 7, 2011: Latin America and the United States: Looking Towards 2020 (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
The ongoing and unprecedented speed of global change demands a new responsibility from Latin American countries: if they are to govern more effectively they must anticipate change and think in the long term. Across all policy areas-economic, social, technological, political, military, climate change, and immigration—global transformations are increasingly affecting the well-being of nations. Success will come to those best able to prepare for and design long-term strategies. The same holds true for international policy and, in particular, for future relations with the United States.

August 30, 2011: Los riesgos del "modelo libio"
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Muchos analistas en Washington han señalado que el derrocamiento del régimen tiránico de Muamar el Gadafi es un modelo para futuras intervenciones de EE.UU. en el mundo árabe y otros lugares.

August 30, 2011: The risks of the "Libyan model"
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

August 12, 2011: Central America Poses Complicated Security Threat: U.S. Official
By Rachel Sadon
WASHINGTON-Solving the threats that criminal organizations pose to democracy and security in Central America "is more complicated than the Mérida Initiative or Plan Colombia," Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs William R. Brownfield said Thursday.

August 2, 2011: La anemia de Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Estados Unidos está pasando por un período difícil e incierto. Los problemas son enormes. Una deuda y un déficit insostenibles, el desempleo persistentemente alto, y una brecha creciente entre ricos y pobres. El desempeño económico es anémico. Para muchos estadounidenses, hablar de recuperación después de la crisis económica de 2008 suena a hueco. Más de dos tercios creen que el país va en la dirección equivocada.

August 2, 2011: The Anemia of the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The United States is going through a very difficult and uncertain period. The problems are enormous – an unsustainable debt and deficit, stubbornly high unemployment, and a widening gap between the rich and poor. Economic growth is anemic. For many Americans, talk of recovery after the 2008 economic crisis sounds hollow. More than two thirds believe the country is going in the wrong direction.

August 2, 2011: Sobre Proletarios y "Precarios"
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Hoy cuando se mira la agitación política y social que recorre al mundo y también a Chile una cosa es clara: detrás de esos hechos no está el proletariado ni tampoco los partidos a que estaba relacionado. ¿Quiénes entonces?

July 26, 2011: Humala y la política exterior: ¿más continuidad que cambio?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos: Revista del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
Como ha sido el caso con otras presidencias, el éxito o el fracaso de Ollanta Humala dependerá de sus resultados en el tratamiento de los problemas críticos del Perú. El presidente electo tiene un mandato para el cambio moderado, no para una revolución, ni para arriesgar los notables progresos económicos del país en los últimos años, sino para distribuir mejor los beneficios del crecimiento, hacer reformas sociales en serio y reducir la corrupción y el crimen. Los desafíos internos, sin duda, deben tener prioridad sobre la agenda de política exterior de Humala, que obtuvo poca atención durante la campaña.

July 26, 2011: Humala’s Foreign Policy: more continuity than change?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos: Revista del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
As has been the case with other presidencies, the success or failure of Ollanta Humala’s will depend on its performance in addressing Peru’s critical problems. Humala has a mandate for moderate change – not for a revolution and for an upending of the country’s impressive economic progress in recent years, bur rather for a better distribution of the benefits of growth, serious social reform, and a reduction in corruption and crime. National challenges undoubtedly will -- and should -- take precedence over Humala’s foreign policy agenda, which got little attention during the campaign.

July 18, 2011: How Important Are the United States and Peru to Each Other?
By Julio Carrión, Coletta A. Youngers, and David Scott Palmer
Source: Latin America Advisor
What does the meeting between President Obama and Peruvian president-elect Ollanta Humala, occurring even before Humala takes office, say about the importance the United States places on its relationship with Peru and its incoming president? From Peru's perspective, how important is the United States? Will the two countries be good partners after Humala is sworn in?

July 15, 2011: Chavez, no longer such a strongman
By Michael Shifter
Source: PODER
Hugo Chavez is no longer Venezuela’s strongman (“hombre fuerte”). With the announcement that he is battling some kind of cancer (and that either radiation or chemotherapy will be necessary), Chavez’s human frailties have been revealed. For his many adoring supporters in particular, that has been a terrible blow and has exploded the sense of Chavez’s immortality.

July 11, 2011: What Lessons Can Europe Learn From Latin America?
By Kevin P. Gallagher, Daniel Marx, Desmond Lachman, and Mark Weisbrot
Source: Latin America Advisor
Since the global economic recession in 2008-09, several European countries have struggled with debt crises that many analysts have likened to Latin America's struggles in past decades. What lessons can Europe learn from Latin America and how should Europe handle its ongoing financial crisis?

July 8, 2011: The U.S. Needs a Drug Policy That Works Much Better
By Kim Covington
Source: Wall Street Journal
The picture the authors paint of a drug-legalized America is sensationalist and plays on existing societal fears that drug use will spread like a disease, infecting all of its users with addiction and a criminal record.

July 7, 2011: What Would Happen if Chávez Couldn't Finish His Term?
By Michael Shifter, Julia Buxton, Jeffrey Davidow, Diego Arria
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced June 30 in a televised address that he is being treated for cancer in Cuba. Four days later, he returned to Venezuela to a hero's welcome. While Chávez's political opponents have joined supporters in wishing him a quick return to health, the situation has prompted questions about the country's governance in the short term, and about the implications of his illness on next year's presidential elections and the country's political system. What would happen if Chávez were unable to finish his term as president? Who would replace him? Is there a real risk that the political and social situation in Venezuela could turn chaotic as a result of Chávez's illness? How does Chávez's illness affect the country as it struggles with inflation, crime, falling oil production and electricity shortages?

July 5, 2011: La Fragilidad Humana de Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chávez, golpeado por el cáncer, no es ya el "hombre fuerte" que pretendía ser durante sus más de 12 años como Presidente de Venezuela. Esté o no totalmente recuperado y regrese a hacerse cargo de su nación, Chávez ha sido debilitado, tanto física como políticamente. Su fragilidad humana ha sido expuesta.

July 5, 2011: The Human Fragility of Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chavez, stricken with cancer, is no longer the strongman that he has pretended to be during his more than 12-year rule as Venezuela’s president. Whether or not he fully recovers and returns to take charge of his country, Chavez has been weakened, both physically and politically. His human frailties have been exposed.

June 28, 2011: If Hugo Goes
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
It's unclear whether the charismatic Venezuelan president is really all that ill. But what is clear is that his country is in serious trouble, whether or not he returns from convalescing in Cuba.

June 28, 2011: Si Hugo se va
By Michael Shifter
Source: Infolatam
No está claro si el carismático presidente venezolano está realmente tan mal. Pero lo que está claro es que su país está en serios problemas, tanto si regeresa como si no de su convalecencia en Cuba.

June 24, 2011: Latin America: From an Unhappy Past to a Promising Future
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economia
In one generation, Latin America has changed dramatically. Twenty-five years ago, Latin America was mired in its worst economic crisis ever. The 1980s were the lost decade, haunted by widespread debt defaults, slow or no growth, skyrocketing unemployment and poverty, and rampant inflation. Today, most of Latin America enjoys rapid growth; poverty and equality, while still shamefully high, are headed downward; and foreign investment is at record levels. Latin America is today a region of middle income, middle class countries.

June 24, 2011: Futuro Prometedor
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economia
En una generación, América Latina ha cambiado dramáticamente. Hace 25 años la región estaba sumida en su peor crisis económica. Hoy la mayoría de la región disfruta de un rápido crecimiento y la inversión extranjera está en niveles récord. En 1986, América Latina salía recién de sus pesadillas dictatoriales. Hoy en día, sólo en Cuba los gobernantes no son elegidos, aunque, por desgracia, algunos de los presientes elegidos de la región están abusando de su autoridad para restringir la democracia.

June 23, 2011: Why Haven't Brazil, Argentina and Chile Backed Carstens?
By Peter Hakim, Markus Jaeger, John Williamson, Riordan Roett
Source: Latin America Advisor
Agustín Carstens, Mexico's respected central bank governor and a former finance minister, has won support from Spain and 13 Latin American countries in his bid to succeed Dominique Strauss-Kahn as the head of the International Monetary Fund. Argentina, Brazil and Chile stand out, however, for not yet endorsing Carstens, who has made the case that emerging economies and Latin America, in particular, should play a stronger role in global affairs. Why are Brazil, Argentina and Chile holding out? Are they likely working together? What does the situation indicate about leadership in the region and Latin America's role in world affairs? Do you think Carstens should get the job?

June 21, 2011: Latin lessons for a eurozone recovery
By Alfonso Prat-Gay
Source: Financial Times
One thing we as Latin Americans have learned from our region’s experience is that piecemeal, time-buying strategies always end up in a messier outcome – and almost always in the messiest possible one.

June 17, 2011: Is Palocci's Resignation a Big Setback to Dilma's Administration?
By Peter Hakim,Terry McCoy, Roberto Padovani, David Fleischer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's cabinet chief, Antonio Palocci, resigned June 7 amid corruption accusations that he has denied. Palocci has been a key aide to Rousseff, particularly on economic policy and as an ambassador to foreign investors. How will losing Palocci affect Rousseff's administration and her ability to advance her agenda? Will his departure bring major changes to the administration's policies? How effective will Palocci's successor, Gleisi Hoffman, be in the position?

June 9, 2011: Brazil and the U.S.: Remaking a Relationship (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Service Journal
For the foreseeable future, it is almost inevitable that Brazil and the US will be bumping up against one another in this hemisphere and worldwide. They are both deeply engaged in global affairs but with policies and agendas that reflect divergent interests, priorities, and approaches. They will not always be able find common ground or keep their disagreements in check. On most matters, the US-Brazil relationship will involve both conflict and cooperation—as do US ties with other powerful nations.

June 8, 2011: Jamaica Not Yet 'Out of the Woods' After Global Downturn: Golding
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Jamaica has successfully enacted reforms and is emerging from recession, but the country is "not yet out of the woods," Prime Minister Bruce Golding said Tuesday in a speech at the Brookings Institution.

June 7, 2011: Peru's Moment of Opportunity
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Council on Foreign Relations
Michael Shifter says Ollanta Humala capitalized on many Peruvians' frustrations with the country's inequality despite the fact that it is Latin America's fastest-growing economy. His strong support in poorer regions of the country is a "real opportunity" to eradicate some of the recent unrest and bridge the gap between Peru's poor and the business and elite classes.

June 3, 2011: Educational Reforms Helping Students Make the Grade in Chile
By Jeff Puryear
Source: Latin America Advisor
Test scores are up in Chile. Between 2009 and 2010, fourth grade reading scores on the country's national achievement test rose nine points-the largest one-year increase ever recorded. More importantly, most of the gains occurred among the poorest students, rather than among the richest.

June 2, 2011: Security No Longer Dominates U.S.-Colombia Relations: Holguín
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombia has moved past drug trafficking and security as the dominant issues in its relationship with the United States, Colombia's Foreign Minister, María Ángela Holguín, said Wednesday.

June 1, 2011: Novos desafios
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo

June 1, 2011: What to Read on Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
Michael Shifter recommends various books and articles for anyone interested in understanding Venezuela's leaders and politics.

June 1, 2011: Estamos en un punto de asfixia (PDF)
By and interview with Sergio Bitar
Source: Cambio 21

May 26, 2011: Obama y la reforma migratoria
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En los Estados Unidos, ningún tema en la agenda con América Latina despierta tan fuertes pasiones como el de la inmigración. Todos los demás -las drogas, Cuba, Venezuela, el comercio- son secundarios en comparación.

May 26, 2011: Obama and migration reform
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
In the United States, no issue on the agenda with Latin America arouses stronger passions than immigration. All others – drugs, Cuba, Venezuela, trade – are mild by comparison.

May 25, 2011: Is Ecuador On the Brink of a 'Perfect Dictatorship?
By Gustavo Jalkh, Osvaldo Hurtado, Adrián Bonilla, Christopher Sabatini, Marc Becker
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ecuadoreans cast their votes May 7 in a referendum that many observers considered a gauge of President Rafael Correa's popularity. The 10 questions included issues that would give the president increased control over the media and judiciary, leading former President Osvaldo Hurtado to say the country was on the brink of a 'perfect dictatorship.' Results from the polls indicate that Correa received a 'yes' vote on all 10 questions but with a more narrow victory than expected. Is Ecuador on the 'brink of a perfect dictatorship' or are the reforms necessary? What does the close margin of victory indicate about Correa's leadership? What does the outcome mean for the political landscape of the country?

May 24, 2011: Can a Chávista become a Lulaista?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Peru's Ollanta Humala and the rebranding of the South American left.

May 23, 2011: En riesgo avances democráticos en Perú
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post

May 23, 2011: In Peru, hard-won democratic gains at risk
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Today, many Peruvian supporters of democracy are dispirited. When they mark the charter’s 10th year, their country will have a president of suspect democratic credentials. Peru’s already fragile institutions will be severely tested.

May 18, 2011: Carlos Iván Degregori, Beloved Dialogue Colleague, Passes Away
By Inter-American Dialogue

May 17, 2011: What Qualities Does the Next Assistant Secretary of State Need?
By Jeffrey Davidow, Otto Reich, Peter F. Romero, Roger Noriega
Arturo Valenzuela, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for the Western Hemisphere, announced in an email to his staff on May 5 that he is stepping down this summer to return to his academic position at Georgetown University. What have been Valenzuela's successes and shortcomings in the position? What does his departure-along with vacancies in the U.S. ambassador posts in Mexico, Ecuador, Venezuela and Bolivia-mean for the state of U.S. diplomacy in the region? What type of experience and qualities should his successor have?

May 13, 2011: Palabras del ministro del Relaciones Exteriores Hugo Martínez en la recepción con los miembros del Dialogo Interamericano
By Hugo Martínez

May 12, 2011: Region Must Face Challenges or Miss 'Historic Opportunity': Clinton
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite a "stunning transformation over the past few decades," Latin America cannot afford to be complacent as it continues to build robust democratic institutions, combat violence and reduce deep-seated inequality, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Wednesday at the annual Conference on the Americas forum.

May 10, 2011: Obama, después de Osama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Ha sido difícil para otros países, incluyendo América Latina, identificarse con la catarsis emocional que produjo la muerte de Bin Laden a la mayoría de los estadounidenses. La excepción puede haber sido Colombia, donde las reacciones de simpatía fueron marcadamente fuertes.

May 10, 2011: Obama, After Osama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
It has been difficult for other countries, including in Latin America, to identify with the emotional catharsis that Bin Laden’s death brought to most Americans. The exception may have been in Colombia, where the sympathetic reactions seemed strongest. Colombians, after all, have long suffered the scourge of terrorism.

May 5, 2011: El impacto que podría tener la muerte de Bin Laden en EE.UU.
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio (Chile)
¿Podría la muerte de Bin Laden generar un ambiente político menos pugnaz y estéril en EE.UU.?

May 1, 2011: Progress and the Past
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs
Former Costa Rican President Oscar Arias (“Culture Matters,” January/February 2011) accurately pinpoints the most vexing questions about Latin America: Why has the region not progressed more steadily and quickly over the years, and what has held it back? But the president’s answers are a generation out of date.

April 27, 2011: Ethanol – a new growth cycle
By Marcos Jank
Source: Correio Braziliense
Brazilian consumers were shaken up in recent weeks by the steep price of ethanol at pumps throughout the country. People wonder why this happened and if it will happen again in the future. The most radical critics even said we could be facing a potential fuel shortage and raised doubts about the very future of ethanol. All of this calls for a careful analysis of the issues.

April 24, 2011: Los cambios en Cuba se están dando lentamente
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
El analista internacional Michael Shifter remarca que el VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba consolidó el poder de la ‘vieja guardia’ al mando de los hermanos Castro y los históricos de la Revolución. También se pusieron en marcha cambios en la economía, pero habrá que ver qué resultados obtienen.

April 20, 2011: Can Coups Still Take Place in Latin America?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Western Hemisphere Security Analysis Center
Michael Shifter shares his view on the current prospect for coups in Latin America. He finds, despite substantial gains in democracy, the threat of coups in Latin America remains latent.

April 19, 2011: What Will Be the Effects of the U.S.-Ecuador Diplomatic Spat?
By Michael Shifter, Nathalie Cely, Jennifer McCoy, Adrián Bonilla
Source: Latin America Advisor
Earlier this month, Ecuador expelled U.S. Ambassador Heather Hodges over comments in a WikiLeaks cable suggesting that President Rafael Correa was aware of corruption allegations against a police chief. The United States called the action unjustified and expelled Ecuadorean Ambassador Luis Gallegos shortly thereafter. How will the diplomatic spat affect relations between the two countries going forward? What effects will the expulsions have on trade ties and on the renewal of the Andean Trade Preferences Act?

April 19, 2011: Los EE.UU. y Ecuador
By Michael Shifter
Source: Expreso

April 15, 2011: “Perú vive una paradoja, con altos niveles de crecimiento y descontento”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País
“Perú no está por un cambio dramático del modelo económico, ya que ha producido resultados positivos. Lo que pasa es que han sido mal repartidos y acompañados de altos niveles de corrupción”, asegura Shifter, presidente del afamado think tank estadounidense Diálogo Interamericano, quien participó esta semana, en Madrid, en el IV Forum Europa-América Latina-EE UU/Canadá.

April 12, 2011: Official: Funding Issues Critical to U.S. Security Programs
By Rachel Sadon
Focusing on transnational crime is a top priority of the Obama administration's policy in Latin America, but the government has found mixed successes and questions loom about future funding for critical programs, a senior State Department official said Monday.

April 8, 2011: Humala Leads Polls Ahead of Peru's Presidential Election Sunday
By Rachel Sadon
In the final stretch before Peru's election on Sunday, two opinion polls show leftist presidential candidate Ollanta Humala in the lead with Congresswoman Keiko Fujimori forecast to be the second place finisher.

April 6, 2011: Mexico: How Far Have its Institutions Really Come?
By Claudio Loser
Mexico just celebrated the 17th anniversary of its accession to the OECD and, earlier, the ratification of NAFTA. During this period, Mexico has made significant progress in many areas, notably its remarkable macroeconomic management and continued improvements in addressing inequality. Still, the question remains if Mexico has achieved a degree of institutional development consistent with its participation in those organizations

April 4, 2011: Una región sin rugir de sables
By Michael Shifter
Source: Portafolio
Según Michael Shifter, la democracia se ha consolidado en América Latina, aunque es cada día más variada.

April 3, 2011: Ningún candidato conquistó a los peruanos
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Michael Shifter explica desde Washington el ascenso del exgeneral Ollanta Humala y la incertidumbre que dominan en las elecciones presidenciales en Perú.

April 1, 2011: América Latina quiere buenas relaciones con Estados Unidos, pero con más respeto y menos arrogancia (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Espacio Laical
Interview with Peter Hakim by Roberto Veiga, Editor of Espacio Laical, the Cuban Catholic Church's monthly magazine

March 30, 2011: Obama trip symbolic not substantive
By Michael Shifter
Source: Oxford Analytica
Overshadowed by the unfolding crisis in Libya, Obama's five-day visit was heavy on symbolism and public relations, and relatively light on substantive progress. That Obama resisted political pressure at home to postpone the trip and largely stuck to his original itinerary was the strongest and most positive indication that the administration wanted to re-engage with the region and pursue a shared agenda.

March 30, 2011: How Successful Was Obama's Trip to Latin America?
By Peter Hakim, Patricio Navia, Cynthia Arnson
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Barack Obama visited Brazil, Chile and El Salvador on a five-day tour of the region last week, signing a variety of agreements on security, energy, education and trade. Which aspects of the trip were a success and which were disappointments? What could Obama have done better? How did Obama's agenda and speeches during the trip reflect changing political and economic dynamics in the region and what do they indicate for future U.S.-Latin American relations?

March 30, 2011: U.S. Seeking Stronger Connections in Region Through Technology
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
As the United States works to promote its strategic and national security interests by modernizing diplomacy for a digital age, the U.S. State Department is fostering new methods of engaging directly with Latin American citizens, a top official of the department said.

March 24, 2011: Obama y América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
El discurso de Santiago fue positivo, pero difícilmente puede cumplir los requisitos de un marco para la política de EEUU hacia la región.

March 24, 2011: Obama and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera

March 22, 2011: “Temos de aprender a conviver com as diferenças" (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Zero Hora
Um dos mais prestigiados analistas diplomáticos do continente, o presidente emérito do centro de análises políticas Inter- American Dialogue, Peter Hakim, é cético sobre uma eventual aproximação de Brasil e EUA. Segundo o especialista americano, apesar da troca de comando no governo brasileiro e da visita de Barack Obama ao Brasil, ainda existem divergências entre o Planalto e a Casa Branca. Hakim, contudo, acredita que os dois países precisam superar as diferenças.

March 20, 2011: ¿Qué significa la visita de Obama?
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Los salvadoreños deberían estar complacidos de que el Presidente Obama visite su país. Los pone en buena compañía. Brasil y Chile, las historias de éxito más prominentes de América Latina, son las otras escalas del viaje presidencial, su primero a la región desde 2009. En El Salvador , Obama reafirmará la cercana relación bilateral y reconocerá las sólidas credenciales democráticas del país. Aunque, sin ser exagerados, El Salvador puede también obtener beneficios más concretos de esta visita.

March 20, 2011: What Obama’s Visit Means for El Salvador
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Salvadorans should be pleased that President Obama will be visiting their country. It puts them in good company. Brazil and Chile, Latin American's most prominent success stories, are the other stops on the US president’s trip, his first to the region since 2009. In El Salvador, Obama will reaffirm and the close bilateral relationship and acknowledge the country’s democratic solid credentials. Though not to be exaggerated, El Salvador may also reap more concrete benefits from the visit.

March 19, 2011: Obama vai elogiar Brasil, mas só ficará nas palavras, diz professor
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: R7
Obama quer abrir um novo capítulo na relações com o Brasil, deve elogiar ascensão do país na cena internacional, mas não dará o tão sonhado apoio para que o país consiga um assento permanente no Conselho de Segurança da ONU (Organização das Nações Unidas). É o que diz um dos maiores especialistas na relação Brasil-Estados Unidos, o acadêmico Peter Hakim, presidente do instituto Inter-American Dialogue.

March 19, 2011: ¿Cómo aprovechar la visita del Presidente Obama?
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio

March 19, 2011: Una gira con pocas expectativas
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Voice of America
Dos gobiernos de centro izquierda, Brasil y El Salvador, y uno de derecha, Chile, han demostrado tener intereses particulares para Washington.

March 18, 2011: Obama Heads to Latin America
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Market Place, American Public Media
Trade with China has risen something like five times in the last 10 years. It's really pulled Brazil through the economic crisis without much damage.

March 18, 2011: Latinoamérica sigue siendo la campeona mundial cuando se habla de desigualdad
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: OPALC
En una entrevista exclusiva con OPALC, Michael Shifter defiende una mejor educación para reducir las desigualdades en América Latina. También habla de Brasil, Venezuela, Colombia y otros países poco antes del primer viaje a la región de Barack Obama.

March 16, 2011: Energía nuclear en América Latina: antes y después del desastre japonés
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Actualmente, la energía nuclear está menos desarrollada en América Latina que en cualquier otra región del planeta — salvo África (y, por supuesto, la Antártida). Pero la crisis nuclear en Japón puede tener un impacto grave sobre el futuro de la industria nuclear mundial — y por supuesto podría terminar también limitando el renacimiento nuclear en América Latina.

March 16, 2011: América Latina: atrapada en el estrecho entre Escila-Libia y Caribdes-Japón
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
El precio del Brent estaba ya cerca de los $ 100/barril cuando las “Revoluciones Jazmín” de Túnez y Egipto florecieron a principios del 2011. Cuando el precio se disparó un 20 por ciento en sólo dos meses, parecía razonable preguntarse si los disturbios en el mundo árabe podrían provocar un alza en los precios del petróleo, con consecuencias negativas para la economía mundial.

March 16, 2011: Will Brazil Reinstate its Tax on Financial Transactions?
By Gustavo Marrone, Margaret T. Perez, Elenice Portz, Beatrice Rangel

March 16, 2011: EUA não têm clareza sobre razão da viagem de Obama, diz analista
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Folha
A visita do presidente americano, Barack Obama, ao Brasil, no próximo fim de semana, ainda suscita dúvidas em meio a especialistas de relações internacionais quanto ao seu verdadeiro propósito estratégico. Para Peter Hakim, presidente emérito do think tank (instituto de pesquisa) Inter-American Dialogue, Washington não explicou direito o que quer com a viagem.

March 15, 2011: La gira de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Ocupado por las feroces batallas por el presupuesto en EE.UU. y la incertidumbre política en Oriente Medio, el presidente Obama se dirige esta semana a América Latina -su primera visita a América Central (El Salvador) y Suramérica (Brasil y Chile). Las expectativas en la región parecen ser modestas. Casi dos años desde que Obama hizo su primer viaje al sur de los Estados Unidos -a México, en ruta a una cumbre en Trinidad y Tobago- ha habido pocos avances en una agenda que incluye drogas, el comercio y la inmigración.

March 15, 2011: Obama's Visit to Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

March 15, 2011: Obama no ve el mundo como buenos y malos
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica
El Salvador presenta en Centroamérica en estos momentos características más atractivas para la visita de Obama, analiza uno de los tanques de pensamiento.

March 14, 2011: Panorama antes del viaje del presidente de EE.UU. por América Latina: “Obama se dirige al Sur”
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
No hay un tema u objetivo principal que domine la visita del Presidente Obama a América Latina esta semana. En cada sitio seguirá una agenda distinta con diferentes objetivos.

March 14, 2011: Obama Heads South
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
There is no central theme or objective that will dominate President Obama’s visit to Latin America this week. At each stop, he will be pursuing a distinct agenda with differing goals.

March 13, 2011: Shifter: "Existe uma nova abertura de diálogo que os dois países pensam aproveitar"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: O Globo
A viagem do presidente americano Barack Obama ao Brasil não deverá anunciar algum acordo de significativa importância entre Washington e Brasília. Na opinião de Michael Shifter, presidente do Diálogo Interamericano, centro de estudos com sede em Washington, trata-se principalmente de uma iniciativa política, para procurar recolocar nos trilhos uma relação abalada nos últimos dois anos por uma série de atritos e desentendimentos deflagrados no período do governo de Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. De acordo com Michael Shifter, há dois anos, com a eleição de Obama para a Casa Branca, havia essa "esperança" de uma relação melhor, mas ocorreram "desapontamentos".

March 13, 2011: U.S. Should Support Brazil’s Security Council Bid
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
President Obama will be warmly greeted by huge crowds in Brazil when he arrives March 19 for the beginning of a Latin American tour, but only modest progress can be expected on the agenda of foreign-policy problems confronting the two countries. There is only one thing that could dramatically elevate the significance of Obama’s visit — the U.S. president’s unambiguous endorsement of Brazil for a permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council.

March 11, 2011: Seteperguntas: “Está na hora de reconhecer o status do Brasil" (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: O Exame
Às vésperas da visita de Barack Obama, o especialista americano em diplomacia defende mais cooperação bilateral em setores como aviação e energia nuclear.

March 11, 2011: How Has a Diplomatic Row Affected U.S.-Argentine Relations?
By Peter Hakim, Horacio Verbitsky, Eduardo Amadeo
Tensions flared between the United States and Argentina after Argentine authorities, supervised by Foreign Minister Héctor Timerman, on Feb. 10 confiscated equipment, which Argentina said was not properly declared, from a U.S. plane. The plane contained items for a training program for Argentine police, according to U.S. officials. Where do U.S.-Argentine relations stand after the incident? Will the countries continue to cooperate on security issues? How important is that cooperation?

March 6, 2011: Repensando la política de drogas de EE.UU.
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Hace más de cuatro décadas los gobiernos americanos están embarcados en una “guerra contra las drogas” concebida por EE.UU. La evidencia disponible sugiere que esta política es muy costosa, no ha logrado sus objetivos, y podría estar causando más violencia de la que se propone evitar. Que se haya mantenido tanto tiempo, sin ninguna modificación fundamental, se debe en parte a imposición inflexible de Washington.

March 5, 2011: Hugo Stay Home
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The Venezuelan president's ill-advised foray into Mideast diplomacy won't help Libya or his own struggling country.

March 2, 2011: El Tratado de Libre Comercio entre EE-UU y Colombia, Camino de su Aprobación
By Peter Hakim
Source: InfoLatam
Lejos aún de ser un hecho, la situación favorece ahora la ratificación por parte del Congreso de los acuerdos de libre comercio de Estados Unidos con Colombia y Panamá este año. Lo que más alentó las perspectivas de los tratados de comercio con América Latina fue la gran victoria republicana en las elecciones del pasado mes de Noviembre en el Congreso, que dio lugar a una considerable mayoría republicana en la Cámara de Representantes con un nuevo presidente

March 2, 2011: US-Colombian Free Trade on Track to Approval
By Peter Hakim
Source: InfoLatam
Although far from a done deal, the odds now favor congressional ratification of the US’s free trade accords with Colombia and Panama this year. What most lifted the prospects of the Latin America trade treaties was the huge Republican victory in last November’s mid-term elections for Congress, which produced a sizable Republican majority in the House of Representatives along with a new Speaker.

March 2, 2011: Has the United States Failed to Adequately Fight Illegal Drugs?
By Barry R. McCaffrey, Andrés Rozental, Sanho Tree
Source: Latin America Advisor
A new Inter-American Dialogue report says U.S. drug policies, which are mostly focused on prohibiting the production, distribution and consumption of narcotics, 'have done little to diminish the problems they were designed to address' and are costly in both financial and human terms. The report calls for a broad national debate on U.S. drug strategies and an intense review of international policies. Is growing violence in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America a sign of failures in drug policy? Has the Obama administration made any significant change in anti-drug efforts? What policies should it be pursuing? What anti-drug programs in the United States and in Latin America have been particularly successful and should be replicated?

March 1, 2011: Why the US and Brazil Can’t Get Along—A Story of Turf, Ideology, and Interests
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
No one should think US-Brazil relations will be easy to manage in the coming period. They will surely be tested by frustration and disappointment on both sides; conflict may be more common than partnership. That should be expected when two powerful countries have to contend with one another, no matter who is in charge.

March 1, 2011: ¿Por qué Estados Unidos y Brasil no tienen una buena relación? (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
Nadie debe pensar que las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Brasil serán fáciles de sobrellevar en el siguiente período. Sin duda, se pondrán a prueba por la frustración y la decepción de ambas partes: el conflicto podría ser más común que la colaboración. Eso es de esperarse cuando dos países poderosos tienen que competir entre sí, sin importar quién esté al mando.

March 1, 2011: El camino de globalización del Perú: Oportunidades y obstáculos, durante y después de la crisis (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú ante los desafíos del siglo XXI
En la tercera sección de este tomo, Michael Shifter discute los éxitos y los riesgos del Perú en el curso adoptado para unirse al proceso de globalización.

March 1, 2011: Latin America 2040: Breaking Away from Complacency
By Inter-American Dialogue

March 1, 2011: Peter Hakim: "La estrategia de lucha contra las drogas no está funcionando"
By Daniel Pacheco con Peter Hakim
Source: Su Voz Cuenta
Hay que poner todo sobre la mesa. En EE.UU. la prohibición ha sido sumamente dañina, en número de jóvenes en las cárceles, vidas interrumpidas.

February 28, 2011: ¿Qué supone el cambio climático para América Latina?
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
América Latina es especialmente vulnerable al cambio climático debido a su geografía. Primero, la mayor parte de México y América Central se encuentra dentro del cinturón de huracanes, que ahora actúa con mayor fuerza y volatilidad como consecuencia del calentamiento global. En segundo lugar, las bajas zonas costeras de América Latina, – que incluyen sus muchas islas y varias áreas urbanas de la región – seguirán siendo amenazadas por el aumento del nivel del mar inducido por el calentamiento global. En tercer lugar, gran parte de la actividad urbana y agrícola de América del Sur depende del agua que procede de los glaciares andinos, que están siendo peligrosamente afectados también por el calentamiento.

February 20, 2011: Lo ocurrido fue un golpe a la relación con EE.UU
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
El presidente del think tank Inter-American Dialogue, de Washington, afirma que la incautación del material estadounidense en Ezeiza sienta "un precedente serio" en la relación bilateral, pero no cree que se deba a un giro antinorteamericano del Gobierno sino más bien a "una reacción de despecho" y a una falta de profesionalismo.

February 20, 2011: Analista vê América Latina mais ao centro e Chávez isolado
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Terra Brazil
Recentemente, Michael Shifter, presidente do Inter-American Dialogue, entidade líder nas áreas de análise política e relacionamento entre as nações do hesmifério ocidental, sediada em Washington, publicou um estudo que afirma que a América Latina é hoje, de modo geral, uma região de política de centro. Esta transformação para um panorama político ponderado e estável é significativa, visto que a região tem uma história caracterizada por mudanças ideológicas bruscas e políticas erráticas.

February 11, 2011: Hay razones para ser optimista sobre el futuro de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Hay buenas razones para ser optimista sobre el estado de la democracia en América Latina hoy. Las encuestas recientes del Latinobarómetro y el barómetro de las Américas apuntan a niveles más altos de apoyo a sistemas democráticos de gobierno. La política y las opciones electorales se han estrechado. Una política más consensual, más centrista se ha afianzado cada vez más.

February 11, 2011: Reasons to Be Optimistic About Latin America's Future
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo

February 11, 2011: Which Issues Will Dominate Obama's Trip to Latin America?
By Francisco Altschul, Peter Hakim, Sergio Bitar, Joaquín Villalobos
During his annual State of the Union address Jan. 25, U.S. President Barack Obama announced that he will visit Brazil, Chile and El Salvador in March 'to forge new alliances for progress in the Americas.' Which issues will dominate the president's agenda? What does the trip signify about U.S.-Latin American relations? How can Obama bolster economic and security ties to the region?

February 10, 2011: Global Insider: Colombia and the OECD
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos recently submitted his country's application to join the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, discussed the prospect of Colombia's OECD membership.

February 10, 2011: Obama reconocerá a El Salvador como un socio clave en América Central
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Mundo
Para Michael Shifter, presidente del tanque de pensamiento, Diálogo Interamericano, la visita de Barack Obama a la región y en particular a El Salvador, es un intento de reenfocarse en la región. Para este analista basado en Washington, Estados Unidos ve positivamente a la administración de Mauricio Funes y de ahí que este país fue la selección lógica para que Obama lo incluyera en su gira por tres naciones de la región.

February 8, 2011: Insulza Not Forceful Enough in Promoting Democracy: U.S. Envoy
By Gene Kuleta
Source: Latin America Advisor
The chief of the Organization of American States, José Miguel Insulza, is not firm enough in promoting democracy in the hemisphere, though he is constrained by the organization's structure, the permanent U.S. representative to the OAS, Carmen Lomellin, told the Latin America Advisor in an exclusive interview.

February 2, 2011: Andean Mission Chiefs: U.S. Role in Region Undergoing Changes
By Rachel Sadon
Relationships between the United States and the Andean countries remain positive even as significant changes in regional dynamics, economic development and political transitions have significantly transformed the region, top U.S. envoys to Andean countries said.

February 1, 2011: Central America’s Security Predicament
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
In retrospect, it was probably naïve to expect that, with the signing of the last of the Central American peace accords (Guatemala, 1996), the heightened civil strife that beset the region for decades would give way to a greater measure of social peace. Although Central America can celebrate the virtual end of political violence over the past 15 years, the five countries of the isthmus that in the 1980s were in the international spotlight on account of instability—Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica— are, to varying degrees, still notably troubled.

January 31, 2011: How Can Education Help Latin America Develop? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies
This article analyzes the role of education in Latin America’s development over the last two decades and recommends much greater emphasis on promoting learning, particularly among the poor. It documents significant progress in getting more children into school but little progress in making sure they reach minimum levels of learning (measured by scores on achievement tests).

January 30, 2011: La influencia de Washington en el mundo declina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Michael Shifter destaca que Estados Unidos está obligado a negociar con Brasil una relaciónmultilateral con América Latina. Advierte que la política antinarcóticos de Washington funciona con ‘piloto automático’, debido a que se priorizan los conflictos en otras regiones.

January 27, 2011: Colombian Vice President Urges U.S. to Approve Trade Agreement
By Rachel Sadon
The United States should ratify the stalled free-trade agreement with Colombia this year as well as approve an 18-month extension of the Andean Trade Preference Act and continue support for Plan Colombia, Colombian Vice President Angelino Garzón said during a weeklong visit to Washington in support of those objectives.

January 26, 2011: La gira de Obama por América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Voice of America
Michael Shifter, presidente del Inter-American Dialogue, dijo a Voice of America que los países elegidos para la gira de Obama son “centrales” para EE.UU.

January 25, 2011: Pentagon Officials: U.S. Must Work Closely With Latin Counterparts
By Rachel Sadon
The U.S. Department of Defense should seek to collaborate with its counterparts across the hemisphere in order to better respond to natural disasters and other shared security issues in an effort to practice "defense diplomacy," the Pentagon official responsible for Western Hemisphere security affairs said.

January 18, 2011: Obama Takes A Positive Step on Cuba
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

January 18, 2011: Obama da paso positivo sobre Cuba
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La administración Obama merece reconocimiento por adoptar los cambios más importantes en la política cubana en las últimas décadas. Muchos, claro está, no estarán satisfechos hasta que el embargo fallido y contraproducente sea eliminado. Pero dada la composición del nuevo Congreso estadounidense, esto no será posible.

January 17, 2011: Menos restricciones a Cuba
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN en Español
Los analistas Michael Shifter y Tomás Bilbao opinan sobre la decisión de EE.UU. de levantar parte del embargo. Entrevista de CNN por Juan Carlos López

January 16, 2011: Chávez: Entre la democracia y la hipocresía
By Genaro Arriagada Herrera
Source: El Mercurio
En el plano que se le mire, el gobierno de Hugo Chávez presenta resultados lamentables.

January 14, 2011: A Surge to the Center
By Michael Shifter
Source: Journal of Democracy
Latin America, long associated with sharp ideological swings and notably erratic politics, is increasingly settling into the middle of the left-right political continuum. This development is discernible in voter attitudes and major policy directions in many countries.

January 12, 2011: Qué puede hacer Dilma para mejorar las relaciones entre EE.UU. Brasil
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
Las relaciones con los Estados Unidos -que siguen siendo de importancia central para Brasil- comenzaron con una nota alta, cuando el entonces presidente electo Lula, se reunió con el presidente Bush en el Despacho Oval en 2002. Pero se han deteriorado gravemente en los últimos años y están hoy muy tensas, con Lula y sus asesores compartiendo la culpa con las autoridades de EE.UU. en Washington.

January 12, 2011: O que Dilma pode fazer pela relação com os EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
As relações com os EUA - que continuam de importância fundamental para o Brasil - começaram com uma nota bastante positiva quando o então presidente eleito Lula se encontrou com o presidente George W. Bush no Salão Oval, em 2002.

January 12, 2011: What Dilma Can Do to Improve US-Brazil Relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
Relations with the US—which remain centrally important for Brazil—started out on a high note, when then President-elect Lula met with President Bush in the Oval Office in 2002.

January 11, 2011: Educación financiera y desarrollo: un modelo para Nicaragua
By Manuel Orozco
Source: El Confidencial
Una campaña nacional de educación financiera podría ser una política que favorecería tanto a quienes reciben remesas como a la nación en general, especialmente en períodos post-crisis, cuando muchas personas tuvieron que valerse de sus ahorros para mitigar el impacto de la recesión.

January 8, 2011: "La OEA está a prueba"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: BBC Mundo
La posibilidad de que la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA) analice supuestas violaciones a la Carta Democrática Interamericana debido a la Ley Habilitante que le fue concedida al presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, podría llevar al organismo a una dinámica de fragmentación que comprometería su futuro funcionamiento, según el presidente del centro de análisis sobre asuntos hemisféricos Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter.

January 3, 2011: Comienza un año desafiante
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
EL DEBER habló con Michael Shifter, presidente del influyente centro de investigación Dialogo Interamericano, con sede en Washington, sobre los desafíos políticos del 2011.

January 2, 2011: ¿Le llegó la hora al TLC?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador
Con la llegada del nuevo Legislativo estadounidense, a partir del miércoles cambiará la relación bilateral con Colombia.

January 2, 2011: Has the FTA's Time Come?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador

January 2, 2011: Brazil's Foreign Policy Under Dilma Rousseff
By Peter Hakim
Source: Islamic Republic News Agency
In this article published in the Islamic Republic News Agency, Hakim answers questions about Brazil's foreign policy under president-elect Dilma Rousseff. Brazilian policy will continue, broadly, along the course set by Lula and prefigured by Cardoso—but key details will undoubtedly change, he says.

December 30, 2010: Alavancando o crescimento
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
Em boa hora, o ministro da Fazenda anunciou conjunto de medidas para incentivar o financiamento de longo prazo na economia brasileira.

December 26, 2010: Choque de opiniones: Venezuela
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN en Español
¿Cuál es la relación diplomática entre EE.UU. y Venezuela? Entrevista de CNN por Juan Carlos López a Michael Shifter.

December 22, 2010: Global Insider: Argentina-Brazil Relations
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Daily
Argentina signed a letter of intent to join Brazil's military cargo aircraft development plans, while also announcing that it expects to complete the certification of a light military utility vehicle -- for which Brazil is building the engine -- by the end of this year. In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, explains Argentina-Brazil military and political cooperation.

December 22, 2010: What Does 2011 Hold for Latin American Economies?
By Luis Oganes, Roger Scher, Santiago Maggi
The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, or ECLAC, announced Dec. 13 that it expects Latin America and the Caribbean will have experienced 6 percent economic growth in 2010 and will see growth of 4.2 percent in 2011. Which countries will grow most in the year ahead and which will lag behind? Which sectors in the region will see significant growth in 2011 and which will struggle? Why?

December 21, 2010: Reflexiones sobre 2010
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En el 2010 el evento sobresaliente en el hemisferio fue el rescate de los mineros chilenos. Esta fue una historia de espíritu increíble y solidaridad y capturó plenamente la atención del mundo. El punto bajo fue el terremoto devastador de Haití, con unos 250 mil muertos y eventos trágicos al parecer interminables en ese país. La implacable criminalidad en México cada día más salvaje y en constante expansión hacia los países de Centro América, ha sido sobria.

December 21, 2010: Reflections of 2010
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

December 19, 2010: Por que a relação Brasil-EUA seguirá tensa
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
Para que os países possam construir um relacionamento construtivo no futuro, será preciso muito mais esforço da parte dos dois governos.

December 19, 2010: Why Brazil-US Relations Will Remain Tense
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
Dilma Rouseff inherits a deeply strained US-Brazilian relationship. No matter how adroitly she manages foreign policy, it is now almost inevitable that the two countries will, for years to come, be colliding with one another. Their international agendas reflect divergent interests, priorities, and approaches. They will not always be able to keep disagreements in check.

December 16, 2010: Venezuelan Opposition at its Strongest in Years: López
By Rachel Sadon
Venezuela's opposition is in a better position now than at any time in the past decade as it looks ahead to challenging President Hugo Chávez in the country's 2012 election, opposition leader Leopoldo López told an audience Wednesday at the Inter-American Dialogue.

December 8, 2010: What Is the Fallout From the Massive WikiLeaks Release?
By Craig Kelly, Michael Shifter, Bernardo Vega, Adrienne Pine
Classified cables from U.S. embassies in Latin America were among some 250,000 to be released by the Web site WikiLeaks. Amid the release, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told reporters Dec. 1 that she has 'not any had any concerns expressed' over whether countries will continue discussing important matters with the United States. Which of the leaked documents could be most significant to relations between the United States and other countries in the Western Hemisphere? How might the WikiLeaks incident affect relations between the United States and countries in Latin America more broadly?

December 7, 2010: A Blow to the Conspiracy Theorists
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

December 7, 2010: Golpe a los conspiracionistas
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El diluvio de las más recientes revelaciones de Wikileaks ha generado una variedad de respuestas. Para periodistas e historiadores ha sido una mina de oro. Para diplomáticos ha sido una pesadilla. Y para los teóricos conspiracionistas los cables revelados, una decepción.

December 1, 2010: Los Estados Unidos y Colombia: Repensar la Relación (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Obama y las Américas: ¿Esperanza o decepción?
Michael Shifter se trata de relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y Colombia, y propone un repensamiento de polícos importantes como Plan Colombia, ayuda estadounidense dirigida al desarollo social, y el pendiente tratado de libre comercio.

December 1, 2010: Remittance transfers in Senegal: Preliminary findings, lessons, and recommendations on its marketplace and financial access opportunities (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Elisabeth Burgess with Corinne Massardier
Source: ILO
This report presents the findings of an analysis of remittances to Senegal as it pertains to its size, marketplace, and link to finances as factors associated to development. The study is based on the analysis field work research and interviews, primary data collection, and survey analysis among recipient and senders.

December 1, 2010: United States: Now Comes the Hard Part
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
When Barack Obama ran for president of the United States in 2008, there was no shortage of skeptics. Chief among the many questions raised about him was, "Has he accomplished anything?" But today, more than two years later, the question about Obama is not so much whether he has accomplished anything but, rather, "has he accomplished the right things?" or "why has he not been able to convince the American people about the merits of his accomplishments?"

December 1, 2010: Mimes, Sunflowers, and Good Governance: An Examination of the Political Philosophy, Pedagogic Policies, and Campaign Strategy of Antanas Mockus Through the Lens of Colombian Electoral Politics
By Cory Siskind
Source: Undergraduate Journal of International Affairs

November 30, 2010: Mal momento para filtraciones
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador
Hasta el momento (teniendo en cuenta que muchos más documentos están por venir) la región no ha recibido mucha atención, de acuerdo con la última filtración de archivos secretos realizada por Wikileaks. Lo último que necesitan ahora las relaciones interamericanas es un golpe a la confianza mutua.

November 30, 2010: A Bad Time for Leaks
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador

November 29, 2010: El Wikileaks y Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Wikileaks ha hecho más complicada la diplomacia internacional para los EE.UU. o al menos más incómoda. Ni los ciudadanos de Latinoamérica ni los de cualquiera otra región del mundo podrán evitar la agonía de saber exactamente qué es lo que Washington piensa de sus países o sus dirigentes. Tan sólo ha sido liberada una fracción minúscula de los 250.000 documentos – cerca de 20.000 de ellos provienen de embajadas de EE.UU. en América Latina – prometidos por Wikileaks, pero los materiales que se han publicado dan una idea de lo que queda por venir.

November 29, 2010: Wikileaks and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Wikileaks has made international diplomacy more complicated for the US—or at a minimum more awkward. Neither the citizens of Latin America nor those any other region of the world will be spared the agony of knowing exactly what Washington thinks of their countries or their leaders. So far only a tiny fraction of the 250,000 documents—around 20,000 of which come from US embassies in Latin American—promised by Wikileaks has yet been released, but the materials that are now public give a tantalizing sense of what will follow.

November 25, 2010: La política de Obama hacia América Latina tras las elecciones en Estados Unidos
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Disputas partidistas y paralización. Esa es la mejor estimación de lo que pasará con la política exterior de EE.UU. en todo el mundo cuando el nuevo Congreso de EE.UU. comienza a trabajar en enero. Es poco probable que América Latina sea la excepción. Los dos primeros años en el cargo del presidente Obama, cuando fue apoyado por una sólida mayoría de los demócratas en la Cámara y el Senado, dejaron en claro lo difícil que es reformar la política de EE.UU. hacia el hemisferio, que responde principalmente a la política nacional y no a preocupaciones regionales o internacionales. En la reciente campaña electoral, los puntos críticos en las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina -como la mayoría de otras cuestiones de política exterior- fueron, en gran medida, ignoradas. Aquellos que asalieron a la luz, la reforma migratoria, por ejemplo, se debatieron como problemas internos de los EE.UU., casi sin hacer referencia a otros países.

November 25, 2010: After the Elections: What Now for US Policy in Latin America?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Partisan Squabbling and Gridlock. That is the best guess about what will happen to US foreign policy worldwide when the new US Congress starts work in January. Latin America is unlikely to be much of an exception. President Obama’s first two years in office, when he was supported by a solid majority of Democrats in both the House and Senate, made clear how difficult it is to reshape US policy in the hemisphere, which responds mostly to domestic politics not to regional or international concerns. In the recent electoral campaign, the critical issues in US-Latin American relations —like most other foreign policy issues—were largely ignored. Those that were raised, immigration reform, for instance, were debated as internal problems for the US, virtually without reference to other countries.

November 16, 2010: El Norte también existe
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La problemática economía estadounidense y el clima político envenenado en Washington ponen en duda la pronta aprobación del Tratado de Libre Comercio pendiente con Colombia, aunque con la Cámara de Representantes controlada por republicanos la perspectiva es un poco más alentadora. La relación Estados Unidos-Colombia sigue siendo importante estratégicamente y los lazos económicos siguen creciendo.

November 16, 2010: The North Also Exists
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

November 11, 2010: Brazil Unlikely to Tackle Needed Reforms Under Rousseff: Experts
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Successfully capitalizing on Brazil's vibrant economy and popular support for outgoing President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President-elect Dilma Rousseff is poised to take the helm of South America's largest economy at a time of unprecedented opportunity. However, experts said Wednesday that although Brazil is likely to maintain a positive trajectory of growth, the country is also unlikely to tackle some important policy reforms.

November 7, 2010: South America Comes Out On Top
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Will this be Latin America's century? Will the region's recent economic and social progress make it a power to be seriously reckoned with on the global stage? Oscar Guardiola-Rivera certainly thinks so.

November 5, 2010: Where will Dilma take Brazil?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
President-elect Dilma Rousseff can't just stick to Lula-era policies. Sustaining Brazil's trajectory of success will require fresh approaches to deal with an array problems.

November 2, 2010: Washington, en vísperas de cambio
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones legislativas de este año en Estados Unidos han sido las más vigiladas de la historia reciente. A partir de enero, cuando empieza el nuevo Congreso, el panorama político se va a diferenciar de manera dramática del que existe hoy.

November 2, 2010: Washington, On the Verge of Change
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

October 25, 2010: Failing Grade
By Jeffrey M. Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Americas Quarterly
How well are Latin American students performing compared to their peers in other countries and regions? We really don't know.

October 21, 2010: Relaciones EE.UU-Brasil: se esperan más conflictos
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Las ambiciosas aspiraciones globales de Brasil y su recientemente adquirido peso diplomático se vieron profusamente en Teheran el pasado mayo. Fue entonces cuando el presidente de Brasil Lula da Silva, anunció triunfantemente que él y su homólogo turco habían persuadido a Irán para cambiar una gran parte de su programa de enriquecimiento de uranio al exterior, un objetivo que se le había escapado anteriormente a EE.UU. y otras potencias mundiales.

October 21, 2010: US-Brazil Relations: Expect More Conflict
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Brazil’s outsized global aspirations and its newly acquired diplomatic weight were both on full view in Tehran this past May. That was when Brazilian President Lula da Silva triumphantly announced that he and his Turkish counterpart had persuaded Iran to shift a major part of its uranium enrichment program overseas—an objective that had previously eluded the US and other world powers. Washington, however, was not applauding. Secretary of State Clinton reacted angrily to Lula’s negotiating success, which was viewed as threatening the fragile agreement that the US had finally achieved among the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to impose new, harsher sanctions on Iran for violating its nuclear treaty obligations.

October 21, 2010: Exiles are keeping the faith
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
"Faith makes us live, but misery divides us," a Miami Haitian told Margarita Mooney, the author of Faith Makes Us Live: Surviving and Thriving in the Haitian Diaspora.

October 19, 2010: Rescate fortalece a Piñera
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Los siete primeros meses de la administración de Piñera han sido instructivos. Muestran cómo es de difícil predecir el desempeño de un presidente basándose en su expediente anterior. En cambio, lo crucial es cómo un presidente responde a lo inesperado -a las crisis y las oportunidades- lo que sería la prueba verdadera de su liderazgo.

October 19, 2010: Rescue Strengthens Piñera
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

October 14, 2010: Rescued Relations
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Did the Chilean mine rescue just end a 130-year feud? Not quite, but Michael Shifter writes that the public displays of friendship between Bolivia and Chile during the rescue can be attributed to "the sometimes salutary effects produced by common borders, frequently accompanied by commercial ties, intense migratory flows, and deep societal connections."

October 12, 2010: Crime Wars: Gangs, Cartels, and U.S. National Security
By Michael Shifter
Source: Center for New American Security
On September 30, 2010, the Center for New American Security hosted an event to launch a report entitled "Crime Wars: Gangs, Cartels, and U.S. National Security." The event centered on a panel featuring Dr. Vanda Felbab-Brown of the Brookings Institution's 21st Century Defense Initiative; Roberta Jacobson, Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs; Michael Shifter, President of the Inter-American Dialogue; and CNAS Fellows Col. Robert Killebrew (Ret.) and Thomas Ricks.

October 12, 2010: Cuban Oil Prospects Could Spur Change in U.S. Relations: Experts
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
As the semi-submersible rig contracted by Spanish energy company Respol nears completion and prepares to begin the trek to drill exploratory wells in the waters of Cuba's north coast, experts say the development of Cuba's offshore oil reserves could be a significant game changer for the Caribbean nation, in particular its fraught relations with the United States.

October 7, 2010: 'We're in for roller-coaster ride'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
We can't see the forest yet. Still, laying off more than a million workers over the next eighteen months is no small matter, and that's exactly what the Cuban government aims to do. Raúl Castro and other officials insist that it's an actualización, an update of the economic model, not really reforms per se.

October 6, 2010: In Danger of Derailing a Sector with Great Potential
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin Amerca Advisor
In my Sept. 7 column, I discussed the effect of the Russian drought and fires on world food production, and suggested that the consequences for Latin America would be favorable, if managed well. Unfortunately, there are other examples of potential gains for the region being curtailed by actions in the developed world, with a specific involvement of the World Bank. Palm oil is a case in point.

October 1, 2010: Chávez, ¿y ahora qué?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones legislativas del domingo pasado le inyectaron una energía necesaria a la situación política de Venezuela. En política, las tendencias y la psicología son de gran importancia. Así que mientras el partido socialista de Hugo Chávez pudo retener la mayoría en la Asamblea Nacional, el hecho de haber perdido la mayoría cualificada (ventaja de las dos terceras partes) en el Congreso es significativo.

October 1, 2010: And Now What, Chávez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

October 1, 2010: Latin America Expert Urges U.S. Not to Neglect Its Own Backyard
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Diplomat
Many foreign policy observers — including Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington — argue that some of the U.S.’s most vital interests lie in neighboring Latin America. U.S. leaders of all stripes, however, often fail to give this complicated region the attention and analysis it deserves.

September 30, 2010: Por una relación contemporánea con Latinoamérica (PDF)
By Áurea Moltó
Source: Política Exterior
En sus relaciones con América Latina y el Caribe, tanto EE UU como España necesitan un replanteamiento del discurso y, sobre todo, una política innovadora hacia una región transformada políticamente, con crecientes diferencias en su desarrollo económico y con mayor diversidad en sus relaciones internacionales.

September 28, 2010: Latin American Multilateralism: New Directions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL)
Despite the effervescence of new Latin American regional and sub-regional multilateral forums in recent years, and particularly bodies that exclude the United States and Canada, there has been surprisingly little systematic study of multilateralism in the region and almost none from a Latin American perspective. This compilation of articles paints the picture of a dynamic Latin American multilateralism with a number of distinctive characteristics, but one also fraught with challenges. It brings together influential academics to reflect on regional trends and provide insight into new directions of Latin American co-operation.

September 21, 2010: Moving Pictures o Los Autos de Caracas
By Chris Moore
Source: SOL Productions
"Moving Pictures o Los Autos de Caracas" is a documentary on Venezuela by former Dialogue staff member Chris Moore. It will premiere on October 7th at the Latin American Studies Association Conference in Toronto.

September 17, 2010: Former Chief of Argentine Central Bank Predicts Continued Inflation
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The former president of the Central Bank of Argentina, Martín Redrado, warned Thursday that the Argentine economy is showing signs of exhaustion at a discussion hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue.

September 13, 2010: "La libertad es vital en la política"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
En América Latina se han presentado en los últimos años fenómenos de coartación de la libertad de expresión, una nueva tendencia socialista de algunos gobiernos, concentración de poder, narcotráfico, etc. Michael Shifter habló para EL COMERCIO sobre estos temas en la región.

September 10, 2010: Challenges for reform remain daunting
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
At almost 48 million, Hispanics are 15 percent of the U.S. population. Though the largest minority, most Hispanics do not identify as such but rather by their national origins. Culturally and politically, African Americans remain the more-cohesive minority.

September 9, 2010: Obama Administration Confident in Passage of Trade Deals: Official
By Rachel Sadon
Though a timetable has not been set for sending reworked free trade agreements with Panama and Colombia to Congress, President Barack Obama remains committed to the pacts and is confident they will be approved, Francisco Sanchez, the administration's undersecretary of commerce for international trade told an audience at the annual CAF Conference on the Americas in Washington on Wednesday.

August 26, 2010: ¿Será posible manejar mejor las cosas esta vez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace apenas un año, la noticia sobre el acuerdo de cooperación militar entre Colombia y los Estados Unidos llevó a que Hugo Chávez advirtiera sobre los "vientos de guerra" en la región. Sin embargo, este acuerdo hoy, bloqueado la semana pasada con una votación 6 a 3 en la Corte Constitucional colombiana, parece casi un vestigio de una era pasada.

August 26, 2010: Citizens feeling more optimistic
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin Americans are in an upbeat mood. Most (78 percent) feel that they and their families are moving in the right direction, even if their countries (45 percent) and the world (41 percent) are not. Still, in 2003, fewer Latin Americans saw their country (30 percent) and the world (27 percent) as being on the right track, while rating their own standing a bit lower (72 percent).

August 26, 2010: Will They Get It Right This Time?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

August 26, 2010: In Cuba, a Hostage to International Brinkmanship
By Arturo Lopez-Levy
Source: Jewish Daily Forward
Alan Gross, an American Jew and USAID contractor, has sat in a Cuban prison for nearly nine months. Jews, whose history is bound together by stories of exile and return, captivity and freedom, long for his release. Cubans, who have been weary bystanders for decades in the games of brinkmanship between their government and the United States, know a political pawn when they see one.

August 20, 2010: Fiscal Policy and the Poor in Latin America (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
The brief summarizes recent research on the impact of fiscal policy on poverty and inequality in Latin America. It compares Europe, where fiscal policy significantly reduces inequality, to Latin America, where fiscal policy has almost no impact on inequality. The brief concludes that the combination of inadequate revenues, low-quality services and poorly targeted spending helps explain the limited role that fiscal policy has played. It is the third in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

August 20, 2010: La política fiscal y los pobres en América Latina (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear y Mariellen Malloy Jewers
La síntesis resume la más reciente investigación sobre el impacto de la política fiscal en la pobreza y desigualdad en América Latina. Dicha síntesis compara a Europa, donde la política fiscal reduce significativamente la desigualdad, con América Latina, donde la política fiscal casi no tiene impacto en la desigualdad. La síntesis concluye que la combinación de ingresos inadecuados, servicios de baja calidad y mala focalización del gasto ayuda explicar el papel limitado que ha tenido la política fiscal. Es la tercera dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocada en temas claves en la agenda social de la región.

August 13, 2010: Summer reading: Latin America edition
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Looking for some summer reading? Foreign Policy's got you covered. This list -- a collection of the best English books about Latin America -- comes from Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington

August 12, 2010: Colombia looks past Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Drifting away: Colombia's new president has taken the country's foreign policy priorities away from Washington.

August 12, 2010: Santos' success can secure Uribe's legacy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It wasn't the inauguration that Alvaro Uribe had wanted. In March, Colombia's Constitutional Court denied him the possibility of ever seeking a third term, and so on Aug. 7 he witnessed the next best thing: Juan Manuel Santos sworn in as president. In his inaugural address, Santos called Uribe an "illustrious and once-in-a-lifetime'' leader.

August 6, 2010: Latin America's Shift to the Center
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter argues that "one of the most ideologically charged regions of the globe is turning to pragmatism" in this article for Foreign Policy.

August 2, 2010: Argentina's Debt Policies Keep its Reputation Tarnished
By Claudio Loser
The past month has been far from easy for Argentina, even as the authorities have declared victory more often than not. The World Cup is over and against domestic predictions Argentina's soccer team, and Argentina's own international reputation, have both remained in the customary second tier of rankings.

August 1, 2010: Obama and the Americas: Promise, Disappointment, Opportunity
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Foreign Affairs
Incoming U.S. presidents, from John F. Kennedy to George W. Bush, have often announced a new policy initiative toward Latin America and the Caribbean. But few expected this from Barack Obama.

July 29, 2010: Santos, ¿una apuesta distinta con Chávez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Juan Manuel Santos, sin duda, le impondrá su marca a la crucial relación bilateral entre Colombia y Venezuela. Ya está bien claro que el presidente electo hará lo posible por evitar confrontaciones personales, a veces matizadas por ideologías, que con frecuencia caracterizaron la relación entre Uribe y Chávez.

July 29, 2010: Santos: A Different Gamble with Chavez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

July 29, 2010: Nuevamente la región se encuentra en un momento de alta tensión
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
Michael Shifter habló con El Comercio sobre la situación política en Ecuador y la región andina.

July 29, 2010: Clearly, there was nothing new to say
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It was a memorable July 26 after all. For the first time ever, neither Fidel nor Raúl Castro addressed the nation. The nondescript José Ramón Machado Ventura -- Raúl's second in command -- delivered the main speech, reminding Cubans that the ``economic battle'' is the ``principal task.''

July 28, 2010: Michael Shifter at the talk Latin America: State of the Region
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: PODER Breakfast

July 27, 2010: What Can Calm Tensions Between Venezuela and Colombia?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez on July 22 severed diplomatic relations with Colombia over Bogotá's accusation that Colombian rebels are taking refuge in Venezuela. Chávez also said earlier this month that he will not attend the Aug. 7 inauguration of Colombia's incoming president, Juan Manuel Santos. Trade between the two countries has also plummeted since Chávez blocked most imports from Colombia. Will bilateral relations improve at all under Santos? Who is suffering the ill effects of the reduced trade? What is needed to calm tensions between Bogotá and Caracas?

July 27, 2010: What Can Calm Tensions Between Venezuela and Colombia?
By Michael Shifter, Bernardo Alvarez Herrera, Luis Alfonso Hoyos
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez on July 22 severed diplomatic relations with Colombia over Bogotá's accusation that Colombian rebels are taking refuge in Venezuela. Chávez also said earlier this month that he will not attend the Aug. 7 inauguration of Colombia's incoming president, Juan Manuel Santos. Trade between the two countries has also plummeted since Chávez blocked most imports from Colombia. Will bilateral relations improve at all under Santos? Who is suffering the ill effects of the reduced trade? What is needed to calm tensions between Bogotá and Caracas?

July 26, 2010: Immigrants and Crime: Time for a Sensible Debate
By Francis Fukuyama
Source: Wall Street Journal
There is a widespread perception of a strong link between immigrants and crime. It is common to hear those who oppose immigration argue that the first act illegal immigrants commit on U.S. soil is to break the law—that is, our immigration laws—and that they are ipso facto criminals who will continue to disregard U.S. laws once in the country. Those making this argument are generally steadfastly opposed to any immigration reform that will provide the 10 million to 12 million illegals already in the country any path to citizenship, on the grounds that such an "amnesty" would reward law-breaking.

July 26, 2010: Entrevista con Michael Shifter : "Chávez está en problemas"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
En medio de la crisis de los presos políticos cubanos y del conflicto desatado entre Venezuela y Colombia por la presencia de guerrilleros de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) y el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) en territorio venezolano, el presidente de Diálogo Interamericano y reconocido analista internacional, Michael Shifter, habló con EL DEBER sobre la situación de los gobiernos en América Latina.

July 22, 2010: Changes in US Politics: For Good and For Ill
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Lima, Peru)
Over the past two decades the United States has changed in fundamental ways. The exaggerated expectations of the 1990s gave way to growing cynicism and political discord and division in the new millennium’s first decade. Still, there are a few encouraging developments. All hope is not lost.

July 20, 2010: Challenging Stereotypes about Latin America
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: América Economia
It is important to overcome two stereotypes about Latin America and the Caribbean that are all too common in the United States. One is an excessively optimistic view of the region, often a result of projecting U.S. ideology and experience, combined with wishful thinking. The other is an excessively bleak vision of the region, often grounded in notions of U.S. superiority.

July 15, 2010: Women still playing catch up
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Women in Latin America have come a long way but aren't there yet. The legacy of Iberian colonialism, male-centered Catholicism and an undemocratic past all contributed to societies that subjugated women to men. Economic backwardness also compounded the unfriendly ambience for women in the region.

July 13, 2010: Film Casts Glowing Light on Hugo Chavez: "South of the Border" Movie Review
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Academy award winning filmmaker Oliver Stone has released the new documentary "South of the Border," which throws a glowing light on Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, arguing that he has been portrayed unfavorably by the U.S. media. Voice of America's Penelope Poulou spoke with Michael Shifter about some of the film's claims.

July 11, 2010: What Next for Lula?
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
What does President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva do next? After nearly eight years in power, he is viewed across the globe as one of the world most successful presidents. He can and should aim high when he leaves office on January 1—and rumors have been increasing that he may even be interested in becoming UN Secretary-General, arguably the most prestigious of all international jobs.

July 6, 2010: Santos y Washington: ¿Una época diferente?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Mientras se habla tanto de la continuidad entre los gobiernos de Álvaro Uribe y Juan Manuel Santos, tal vez lo más impactante hasta ahora son las diferencias entre el titular y el Presidente electo.

July 6, 2010: Comunidad regional y la política de Estados Unidos en las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Quisiera instar a la Secretaria a viajar con mayor frecuencia a América Latina, donde ha demostrado ampliamente el valor de la diplomacia personal y animarla a dejar, al menos por un tiempo, los esfuerzos para elaborar un enfoque conceptual de las relaciones interamericanas, y en cambio, enfocarse fuertemente en abordar los retos concretos que enfrenta los EE.UU. en la región -incluyendo la necesidad de fortalecer los lazos económicos, la contención de las crecientes fricciones con el Brasil, y con gran fuerza el acuerdo para la reforma de inmigración y la política antidrogas, temas que son fundamentales para las relaciones de EE.UU. con México y con otros vecinos cercanos en América Central y el Caribe.

July 6, 2010: Community and US Policy in the Americas
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Coming in the wake of growing tension with Brazil over Iran, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s recent trip to Latin America—her seventh in 18 months—provided a boost for Washington’s uneasy relations with the region. Despite continuing discord over Honduras, the OAS’s annual gathering of the hemisphere’s foreign ministers was largely free of the contention of last year’s session. In Quito, Secretary Clinton managed to put a smile on the face of Venezuelan ally President Rafael Correa and defuse some of the strains in US-Ecuadoran relations. Her visit to Bogota helped reassure Colombians of a sustained US commitment to their battle against guerrillas and drug mafias, even if final approval of their free trade agreement was still a way off. In Barbados, the Secretary announced stepped up US funding for fighting drug criminals in the Caribbean, which the island countries had been clamoring for for some time.

July 6, 2010: Santos and Washington: Beginning of a New Era?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

July 1, 2010: Too many still languish, but . . .
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
In 1988, Amnesty International, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Washington, D.C.-based Institute for Policy Studies, the Bar Association of the City of New York and, most notably, the then-U.N. Commission on Human Rights all sent delegations to Cuba.

July 1, 2010: Rising Brazil: The Choices of a New Global Power
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Externa
This essay explores the question of what we should expect from newly powerful Brazil. It discusses whether the country has the capacity and leadership to be a central actor in addressing critical global and regional problems–poverty and inequality, democracy and human rights, nuclear proliferation, and climate change, for example and whether it can make a difference. What appears certain is that, to sustain its international influence and profile, Brazil will increasingly have to make some hard choices on vital global matters and do a better job at serving the needs of its citizens at home.

June 30, 2010: Hay un retroceso democrático claro en Nicaragua
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Confidencial
Desde sus oficinas en Washington D.C, Michael Shifter, Presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, --uno de los principales centros de análisis sobre las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina-- señala que entre demócratas y republicanos existe preocupación por la forma que el Presidente Daniel Ortega gobierna el país. “No hay confianza en el Consejo Supremo Electoral, ni una ruta fácil para enfrentar los problemas políticos en Nicaragua”, advierte Shifter. Mientras tanto, en la OEA se debate la necesidad de flexibilizar los mecanismos para acceder a la Carta Democrática Interamericana.

June 28, 2010: El estado de la democracia en Nicaragua
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Esta Semana
El periodista Carlos Fernando Chamorro hace una entrevista con Michael Shifter sobre la política de Nicaragua y las relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y América Latina.

June 27, 2010: Sem vestígios do naufrágio (PDF)
By Paul Wander
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
Dez anos após a saga do menino cubano Elián González captar a atenção mundial, as relações Cuba-EUA mudaram muito pouco.

June 25, 2010: Qué piensan en Washington de los países de América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Infobae América
Infobae América dialogó en exclusiva con Michael Shifter, presidente de Inter-American Dialogue, el think tank sobre asuntos latinoamericanos más influyente de los Estados Unidos.

June 21, 2010: A Decade of Plan Colombia: Time for a New Approach
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
Few US policies towards Latin America in recent years have generated as much interest, and controversy, as the multi-year program to assist Colombia in its fight against drugs and related violence known as “Plan Colombia.” As it completes a full decade, it is useful to review Plan Colombia's accomplishments as well as its shortcomings and disappointments.

June 21, 2010: Una década del Plan Colombia: por un nuevo enfoque
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
Es difícil saber si la lucha contra el narcotráfico y la violencia habría sido más efectiva sin el Plan Colombia promovido por EE UU. Los avances en seguridad han tenido un alto precio en materia de derechos humanos. Es la hora de una nueva política antidroga en la región.

June 17, 2010: Castros reject any opening
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
A letter signed by 74 Cuban citizens -- calling on the U.S. Congress to end the travel ban on Americans visiting Cuba -- has raised hackles among hard-liners in Miami. With them in mind, the signatories acknowledge that the regime stands to benefit from windfall earnings if the ban is lifted, and that these could, indeed, be used to reinforce its repressive machinery.

June 16, 2010: Expertos destacan manejo de la crisis en la región y proyectan los riesgos que vienen, una entrevista con Peter Hakim
By Carolina Gutiérrez U.
Source: El Mercurio
El ex director del Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental del FMI, Claudio Loser, y el presidente emérito del Instituto Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, coinciden en que América Latina ha hecho importantes progresos.

June 16, 2010: Interview with Former Senator Mel Martinez
By Latin America Advisor
The Dialogue's Latin America Advisor interviewed former Senator Mel Martinez, Republican of Florida, on the U.S.-Cuba relationship. A version of this interview was published in the Advisor's Featured Q&A on June 16.

June 15, 2010: Entrevista con Fernando Henrique Cardoso--"En los últimos meses Lula ha actuado más con el corazón que con la cabeza"
By Fernando Gualdoni
Source: El País
Fernando Gualdoni entrevista a Fernando Henrique Cardoso y hablan de la presidencia de Lula y qué viene próximo para Brasil.

June 15, 2010: What Was Accomplished at Last Week's OAS Meeting?
By John F. Maisto, Vicki Gass, Diego Arria, Abraham F. Lowenthal
Foreign ministers from across the Western Hemisphere, including U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, gathered June 6-8 in Lima for the annual General Assembly of the Organization of American States. What was accomplished at the meeting?

June 14, 2010: Toward financial independence:Financial literacy for remittance senders and recipients (PDF)
By Nancy Castillo, Landen Romei and Manuel Orozco
Source: Inter-American Dialogue
This briefing reports the experience of providing financial education to migrants and the effects on their behavior. We find that migrants are receptive to financial education, particularly through a methodology that meets their needs in a format that is personal, and that they demonstrate a willingness to modify their behavior. Moreover, there are opportunities to expand and strengthen the impact of financial literacy to this segment through cooperation among relevant actors.

June 14, 2010: Financial Access among Remittance Senders (PDF)
By Remittances and Develoment Program
Source: Inter-American Dialogue
Powerpoint for Inter-American Dialogue Workshop on Financial Literacy for Migrants, June 14, 2010

June 11, 2010: Former Argentine Energy Ministers: Sector Needs Long-Term Plan
By Matthew Schewel
Two former energy secretaries of Argentina on Thursday called on their government to adopt a long-term strategy to diversify the country's energy sources, stem a decline in oil and gas production and stimulate investment in the electricity sector by phasing out subsidies.

June 9, 2010: Latin America’s Education Challenges Call for Concrete Action
By Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: FOCALPoint
By focusing on three priority areas, Latin American governments and their citizens could go a long way toward providing quality education for all children.

June 8, 2010: Interview with Peter Hakim: Depois da desfeita de Amorim, Hillary prega "comunidade da Américas,"
By Angela Pimenta
Source: Exame
Peter Hakim discusses the idea of a new Community of the Americas resting on four pillars: strengthening democratic institutions, cooperation for development and combating socioeconomic inequality, technological cooperation in energy and climate change, and security cooperation.

June 7, 2010: Is a Santos Victory Assured in Colombia's Second Round?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
On May 30, former Colombian Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos handily defeated his rivals in the first round of Colombia's presidential election, winning 46.6 percent of the vote. In the June 20 runoff, he will face off against former Bogotá Mayor Antanas Mockus, who garnered 21.5 percent on May 30. What is the significance of Santos' commanding victory in the first round? Does Mockus stand a chance in the second round? Which of the two candidates will win the support of voters who cast ballots for other candidates in the first round?

June 3, 2010: Old M.O. isn't working
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Until Tuesday, we were in a holding pattern. Then Havana finally began the transfer of six men out of 53 still imprisoned during the Black Spring of 2003 to jails closer to their homes.

June 3, 2010: Santos: Uribe's heir (almost) apparent
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
The results of Sunday's presidential elections in Colombia surprised pollsters and pundits alike. Everyone predicted a very tight race, with a second round almost inevitable. Instead, Juan Manuel Santos, the government-backed candidate of the U Party, handily outdistanced all contenders. What accounts for the rout?

June 3, 2010: Uribe y Santos son los ganadores
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones del domingo pasado demostraron que, aunque puede que haya algo de "fatiga de Uribe", el mandatario sigue siendo extremadamente popular.

June 3, 2010: The winners are Uribe and Santos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

June 2, 2010: Política externa responsável
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

June 1, 2010: Brazil and Iran: A Diplomatic Triumph or a Missed Opportunity?
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
A “triumph of diplomacy” was how Brazilian President Lula da Silva portrayed Brazil and Turkey’s recent nuclear accord with Iran. And that’s what it looked like at first. The two countries managed to clinch a deal similar to the agreement that the US and other world powers had unsuccessfully pursued last year. But, shortly thereafter, US Secretary of State Clinton announced that the US, Russia, Britain, France, and China (i.e., the permanent members of the UN Security Council) had agreed to tighten sanctions on Iran—precisely what the Brazil/Turkey initiative was supposed to prevent. Lula’s diplomacy had not prevailed. This confusing sequence of events raises several critical questions about Brazil’s global agenda and influence.

May 31, 2010: Santos Takes Sizable Lead in Colombia's Presidential Race
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: PBS NewsHour
In what was originally considered a closely contested race for president in Colombia, former defense minister Juan Manuel Santos ended up taking a comfortable lead against eccentric former Bogota mayor Antanas Mockus in Sunday's first-round vote. To learn more about what the results of the election might mean heading into the runoff, PBS NewsHour spoke to Michael Shifter.

May 28, 2010: Hay que tener altos niveles de aprendizaje
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Dinero (Colombia)
Dinero habló con el codirector de PREAL acerca de la calidad de la educación en Colombia y América Latina.

May 26, 2010: Ecuador's Foreign Policy
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
The U.S. Embassy in Ecuador recently announced that it had delivered $1.2 million of donated military equipment to the Ecuadoran military, a year after Ecuadoran President Rafael Correa ordered the closing of a U.S. air base in the country. In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, explains Ecuador's bilateral relations with the U.S. and its regional foreign policy.

May 25, 2010: Give Truth a Chance
By Michael C. Lisman
Source: The Guardian / Comment is Free
Despite concerns from critics, the truth and reconciliation commission in Honduras deserves a fair shot at its investigation.

May 24, 2010: Por qué Ortega podría ganar
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Nicaragua's Confidencial
La premisa de Ortega es que las élites políticas (y económicas) no sandinistas asignan un valor muy alto a la aversión al riesgo político sobre cualquier otra opción, y su capacidad de asumir el riesgo de derrotar al FSLN leal a Ortega, aunque no imposible, es muy débil.

May 20, 2010: Was the Iran Nuclear Deal a Victory for Brazil?
By Peter Hakim, Paulo Sotero, Matias Spektor
After talks with Brazil and Turkey, Iran agreed Monday to send about half of its uranium to Turkey. In return, Iran is to receive nuclear fuel rods processed by Russia and France for use in medical research. The agreement did not avert the Obama administration from announcing on Tuesday that the United States and major powers including China and Russia had agreed to impose new U.N. sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program. Was the deal involving Brazil a victory for President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva following criticisms of his engagement with Tehran? What will the agreement with Iran do for Brazil's prospects as a leader and negotiator on the global stage?

May 20, 2010: Chávez snubs Colombia
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
At a meeting of the Río Group in February, a Group of Friends led by Dominican President Leonel Fernández offered to mediate the conflict between two neighbors. Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chávez accepted. When Colombia's constitutional court banned Uribe from seeking a third consecutive term, however, Venezuela postponed any improvement in relations until Uribe's successor took office.

May 18, 2010: Latin America's Growing Equality: Myth or Reality?
By Jeffrey Puryear
It's worth noting that inequality has declined recently in much of Latin America. But are these decreases part of a long-term trend? Has Latin America found an effective and sustainable strategy for reducing inequality?

May 10, 2010: Erikson joins State Department
By Press Advisory
The Inter-American Dialogue is pleased to announce that senior associate Daniel P. Erikson has been appointed senior advisor for Western Hemisphere affairs at the U.S. Department of State.

May 8, 2010: América Latina: La Democracia Amenazada
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio

May 6, 2010: Plotting the way forward
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Last Sunday the Damas de Blanco -- dressed in white with coral gladioli in their hands -- resumed their customary walk after Mass at the Church of Santa Rita. Freedom again rang along the stately Fifth Avenue in Miramar, a Havana suburb.

May 4, 2010: President Spandex?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The man who once mooned an auditorium of students, dressed up as a superhero to teach civics lessons, and cleaned up Bogotá while he was at it just might become Colombia's next president.

May 4, 2010: Has Obama Kept His Summit of the Americas Promises?
By Michael Shifter, Bernardo Álvarez, Roger Noriega
It was just over a year ago that leaders of 34 nations of the hemisphere gathered in Trinidad and Tobago for the Summit of the Americas. How much progress has been made in the past year on the goals expressed at the summit?

May 4, 2010: ¿Presidente en lycras?
By Michael Shifter
Source: VenEconomía Mensual

April 29, 2010: Elecciones, una mirada desde Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La carrera para suceder a Álvaro Uribe está haciendo noticia en Washington. Colombia, el país de las sorpresas y las paradojas, una vez más llama la atención.

April 29, 2010: Washington's View of the Colombian Elections
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

April 28, 2010: Ex-Im Bank On Track to Double Latin America Financing This Year
By Matthew Schewel
The Export-Import Bank of the United States is on track to double its financing of U.S. exports to Latin America this year as part of President Barack Obama's ambitious plan to increase the country's exports twofold by 2015, the bank's head said Tuesday.

April 26, 2010: The U.S. Needs Help on Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
The U.S. policy toward Cuba is outdated, but it cannot make the changes alone. The U.S. needs reciprocity from Cuba, as well as help from Latin America--especially Brazil--to move forward in their limited relationship.

April 26, 2010: Con la pequeña ayuda de mis amigos…
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Los Estados Unidos necesita la ayuda de Brasil y otros países de la región para formular una nueva política hacia Cuba.

April 26, 2010: Bolivia Seeks Investment as Companies Vie to Develop Lithium
By Matthew Schewel
Bolivia's government is in negotiations with a number of firms to develop the country's vast lithium reserves and plans to award the concession to the company that offers it the best deal for "comprehensive industrialization," Finance Minister Luis Arce said Friday.

April 23, 2010: Brazil key to curbing Iran's influence
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Iran is a pariah regime. Claiming only peaceful purposes for its nuclear program, Tehran is processing uranium in quantities that say otherwise. In 2006, the U.N. Security Council first imposed sanctions while offering incentives for the regime to come clean. It hasn't. Is an Iran armed with nuclear weapons inevitable?

April 23, 2010: At Washington Summit, U.S. and Venezuela Renew Energy Dialogue
By Matthew Schewel
Venezuela and the United States last Friday held their first cabinet-level meeting on energy cooperation since 2004, pledging to restart the exchange of technical information that was suspended during the administration of former President George W. Bush.

April 23, 2010: Argentina: The Unending Saga On Debt (PDF)
By Claudio Loser
Source: New York State Senate Public Hearing
Testimony by Inter-American Dialogue Visiting Senior Fellow Claudio Loser in front of the New York State Senate at a hearing entitled “Argentine Debt and New York Impact.”

April 21, 2010: How Could U.S. Financial Reform Affect Money Transfer Companies?
By Manuel Orozco, Annette LoVoi, Paul Dwyer and Tom Haider
A draft version of the Restoring American Financial Stability Act proposed by U.S. Sen. Christopher Dodd (D.-Conn.) contains an amendment that would directly impact the money transfer industry, including requirements that companies regularly disclose and post exchange rates. How would the bill in its current form affect remittance providers?

April 19, 2010: LATIN AMERICA/US: Mixed results one year post-Summit
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: Oxford Analytica
Tangible improvements in relations since President Barack Obama's regional debut at the Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago have been elusive. Frustrations persist over stalled progress on longstanding disputes and the obstacles created by divergent foreign policy priorities and domestic political constraints.

April 16, 2010: La verdadera historia de Cancún
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Con un acuerdo de Brasil y México firmado, casi todos los países de América Latina estarían vinculados a través de la red existente de acuerdos económicos y comerciales. Brasil ataría a México a sus socios del Mercosur Argentina, Paraguay y Uruguay, mientras que México traería Brasil más cerca de sus socios del TLCAN, los EE.UU. y Canadá. TLCAN y el Mercosur son dos grupos de países que hasta ahora han sido incapaces de construir lazos productivos comerciales. Una sólida relación económica de Brasil y México podría convertirse en la piedra angular de un nuevo intento de forjar un acuerdo comercial a nivel hemisférico para sustituir a las negociaciones en curso sin esperanzas para el Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas (ALCA).

April 16, 2010: The Media Missed the Real Story in Cancún
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
While the media was busy covering the creation of a new Latin American group that excludes the U.S. and Canada, Mexico and Brazil were busy working toward a bilateral trade agreement. There is still much work ahead, but if signed the agreement would reshape the trade and economic realities of the hemisphere.

April 15, 2010: At Energy Summit, IDB Pledges to Double Energy Loans By 2012
By Matthew Schewel
The Inter-American Development Bank plans to double lending for energy and climate-related projects from an estimated $1.5 billion this year to $3 billion by 2012, the bank's president said Thursday at a summit of Western Hemisphere energy ministers in Washington

April 14, 2010: The Obama Administration and Latin America: Towards a New Partnership? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Centre for International Governance Innovation
The presidency of Barack Obama ushered in a welcome honeymoon period in US-Latin American relations following eight years of the Bush administration’s polarizing policies towards the region. Early optimism has been tempered by the reappearance of tensions in hemispheric relations. Still, the US has potential to advance a strategy of substantive, issueoriented engagement designed to rekindle the early goodwill that resulted from Obama’s election to the White House.

April 9, 2010: A discussion about Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Charlie Rose Show
The Charlie Rose Show talks about Latin America with a panel featuring Dialogue president Michael Shifter.

April 8, 2010: Después de la reforma a la salud, ¿qué sigue para Obama?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Con la reforma aprobada, Obama está en posición más fuerte para preparar el terreno y llevar a cabo el trabajo legislativo necesario para el 2011.

April 8, 2010: After health care, what's next for Obama?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

April 8, 2010: Castro & Co. deaf to Cubans' frustration
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Things aren't going well for Havana, and the regime simply doesn't get it.

April 8, 2010: Haiti (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Freedom House
Haitian politics have been embroiled in conflict ever since the country gained independence in 1804. Over the past two centuries, there have been 34 coups d'état in Haiti, and the violent overthrow of government has been far more commonplace than the peaceful transition of power from one president to another. This essay is part of the Freedom House series "Countries at the Crossroads," and covers the period from December 1, 2005 through May 31, 2009.

April 7, 2010: Honduras (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Rebecca Rouse
Source: Freedom House
Since 2006, Honduras has crossed into dangerous territory due to political in - effectiveness and an inability to deepen democratic institutions. While fragile social movements and members of the international community seek to pro mote civic engagement and the rule of law, President José Manuel Zelaya Rosales and other politicians have contributed to the deterioration of stability, relying on populism and responding inadequately to challenges from international organized crime networks and persistent poverty.

April 7, 2010: A Estados Unidos le resulta difícil dialogar con la Argentina--Entrevisa con Peter Hakim
By Silvia Pisani
Source: La Nación
Dentro de unas horas, la presidenta Cristina Kirchner llegará a esta ciudad en busca de acercamiento con los Estados Unidos. Con la experiencia de 17 años al frente del Inter American Dialogue (IAD) -el principal centro aquí para el análisis de políticas regionales-, Peter Hakim habla del escenario en el que transcurre esta nueva visita y de la desconfianza que hay en Washington hacia el gobierno argentino. "Hay desconcierto y desánimo", dice, y señala lo difícil que se está volviendo el diálogo bilateral.

March 25, 2010: Argentina’s past and present
By Claudio Loser
Source: The Economist
Visiting Senior Fellow Claudio Loser's letter appeared in the online version of The Economist on March 25, 2010.

March 23, 2010: Colombia y Ecuador en 2009: El tortuoso camino hacía un restablecimiento de las relaciones (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: EFE Anuario Iberoamericano 2010
This article explores the stormy state of Colombia-Ecuador relations in the past year, but suggests that the many problems between the two countries are longstanding and stem from diverging interests that began years before the March 2008 crisis.

March 23, 2010: Colombia and Ecuador in 2009: The Rocky Road to Restoring Relations
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: EFE Anuario Iberoamericano 2010
This article explores the stormy state of Colombia-Ecuador relations in the past year, but suggests that the many problems between the two countries are longstanding and stem from diverging interests that began years before the March 2008 crisis.

March 18, 2010: Brasil, el país del futuro
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Después de 16 años de liderazgo efectivo, ocho de Fernando Henrique Cardoso y ocho de Lula, el desorden político y económico ha dado paso al ascenso notable de Brasil en el escalafón mundial. En el transcurso de las dos décadas pasadas, Brasil se ha convertido en una potencia regional respetada.

March 18, 2010: Brazil, Country of the Future
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

March 18, 2010: Ambassador: Guatemala Seeks More U.S. Help to Fight Drug Gangs
By Matthew Schewel
Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom has begun preliminary talks with U.S. officials to expand security cooperation between the two governments as the Central American country finds itself "under siege" from drug traffickers, Guatemala's ambassador to the United States said.

March 18, 2010: Como si no pasara nada
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la red
El régimen cubano no conoce la vergüenza. El 8 de marzo, Granma auguró la muerte de Guillermo Fariñas Hernández. En huelga de hambre desde el 24 de febrero, Fariñas está demandando la liberación de dos docenas de prisioneros políticos enfermos. Cuba no puede ser chantajeada ni presionada, señaló Granma, ni sería ético obligarlo a alimentarse mientras se encuentre consciente.

March 17, 2010: Obama and the Haitian earthquake
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: FOCALPoint
The Obama administration could make a positive contribution to democratic governance and the rule of law in Haiti by using its leverage, both in Haiti and with the broader international community, in order to facilitate timely elections and reinvigorating efforts to create a solid development path for the country. If the Haitian earthquake is followed by the country’s political unravelling, then the damage from this natural disaster will be magnified even further and U.S. interests in Haiti will be even harder to achieve.

March 17, 2010: Haiti's Educational Moment
By Jeffrey Puryear and Michael Lisman
Source: FOCALPoint
By investing their meager funds in private schools, Haitians have dramatically demonstrated their demand for education. Haiti’s government and the international community should respond by rethinking how the system works, and helping guarantee that all schools, public and private, do a better job of serving their students.

March 17, 2010: Haiti's other side: The diaspora's solidarity and realism
By Manuel Orozco
Source: FOCALPoint
Haiti’s earthquake has dramatically impacted not only the island nation, but also its migrant communities. As many now highlight the importance of involving the diaspora in reconstruction efforts, it is crucial to measure the willingness and capacity of Haitian migrants to support their country —which may be more limited than what is commonly assumed.

March 16, 2010: Is This Time Different For Latin American Economies?
By Claudio Loser
The common wisdom these days is that Latin America has learned its lessons after 30 years of general mismanagement, and that now the situation is truly different. In an attempt to find out, I focused on the predictors of external crises described in the book "This Time is Different" by Kenneth Rogoff and Carmen Reinhart.

March 15, 2010: Obama subestimó las dificultades de la agenda para América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Clarín
Obama no logró hasta ahora cambiar las percepciones erróneas e intereses creados que siguen condicionando las relaciones entre Washington y una parte importante de América latina.

March 11, 2010: Business as usual
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On March 8, Granma, the Communist Party daily, foretold the death of Guillermo Fariñas Hernandez. On a hunger strike since Feb. 24, he is demanding that two dozen political prisoners in ill health be freed. Cuba can't be blackmailed or pressured, Granma noted, nor would it be ethical to force-feed him while conscious.

March 11, 2010: Obama ¿Y América Latina?
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Caretas
CARETAS conversó con Michael Shifter, flamante presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, sobre las actuales relaciones de EEUU con los países de la región y la situación de la OEA a escasas semanas de la elección del Secretario General. Defiende a José Miguel Insulza y cuestiona a EEUU y a los demás países por no darle importancia a la OEA.

March 11, 2010: Y sigue siendo la economía...
By Peter Hakim
Source: América economía
La importancia económica de América Latina para Estados Unidos es cada vez mayor, ya sea como destino comercial, socios inversores, fuentes de energía, de materias primas, o de capital y trabajo.

March 11, 2010: And it's still the Economy...
By Peter Hakim
Source: América economía
The economic importance of Latin America for the United States cannot be understated--for business or social investment, and as a source for energy, raw materials and labor.

March 10, 2010: Los cubanos de la próxima revolución
By Editorial Review
Source: Política Exterior
Con un bagaje intelectual y académico de primer nivel, con la experiencia de decenas de viajes y entrevistas a personajes clave, el libro de Erikson es una referencia fundamental para entender el presente e intuir el futuro de Cuba, un futuro que el autor denomina “the next revolution”: la revolución de las expectativas de una nueva oleada de cubanos que desde la isla, Washington y Miami protagonizarán el cambio.

March 10, 2010: Focus on Haiti (PDF)
By Canadian Foundation for the Americas and the Inter-American Dialogue
Source: FOCALPoint: Canada's Spotlight on the Americas
In collaboration with the Inter-American Dialogue, Canada's Foundation for the Americas March 2010 edition of FOCALPoint is devoted entirely to Haiti, featuring articles by Dan Erikson, Jeff Puryear, and Michael Lisman.

March 10, 2010: Obama y Latinoamérica: año II (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Una traducción del testimonio que Peter Hakim dio antes del Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, publicado en Politica Exterior.

March 10, 2010: Congress Hakim (PDF)
By Reps Engel, Meeks, Mack

March 9, 2010: Does Latin America Need Another Regional Organization?
By Roger Noriega, Peter Hakim, Mark Weisbrot, Andres Rozental, Pierre Pettigrew
During last month's Rio Group summit in Mexico, Latin American leaders agreed to form a new regional bloc that would exclude the United States and Canada, presenting an alternative to the Washington-based Organization of American States. What would be the functions of this new group, and is it needed? What are the implications for U.S. and Canadian policy in the Americas, and for the future of the OAS?

March 4, 2010: Insulza y la OEA: momento de prueba
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
José Miguel Insulza parece estar camino a la reelección como Secretario de la Organización de Estados Americanos. Por el momento, Insulza es el único candidato que se ha presentado para la votación del 24 de marzo. Curiosamente Estados Unidos y Venezuela, dos gobiernos que rara vez están de acuerdo, están entre los indecisos.

March 4, 2010: Insulza and the OAS: Moment of Truth
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

March 4, 2010: U.S. Refocuses Policy Approach in Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: NewsHour with Jim Lehrer
With Brazil's global status on the rise, the United States is re-evaluating its approach to Latin American policy. Margaret Warner reports on Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's trip to several South American nations, and speaks with Michael Shifter about her trip.

March 3, 2010: Violencia e Impunidad: Cómo Proteger a los Periodistas en Colombia y México (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
En el año 2008 se realizaron dos encuentros privados, uno en Colombia y otro en México, orientados a imprimir mayor urgencia al tratamiento de los delitos en contra del periodismo, a fortalecer la comunicación entre medios y autoridades encargadas de la defensa de los periodistas, y a proponer un conjunto de recomendaciones respecto de la investigación y persecución de hechos de violencia contra la prensa.

March 2, 2010: Responding to the Quake: Chile Digs Out
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Kojo Nnamdi Show
The massive earthquake that struck Chile this weekend was 500 times more powerful than the one that crippled Haiti a few weeks ago. But Chile appears to have suffered far less immediate damage. Kojo Nnamdi and Michael Shifter explore the political and economic history of Chile, one of Latin America's wealthiest nations, and examine how that history is shaping the response to this week's disaster.

March 2, 2010: Adios, Amigos
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter looks at Hillary Clinton's trip to Latin America in an article for Foreign Policy that asks if Latin America has stopped caring what the United States thinks.

March 1, 2010: Decisión de la Corte sobre el referendo fue evaluada por un centro de análisis político de E.U.
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Michael Shifter, vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano en Washington, da su perspectiva sobre el impacto internacional que tiene la decisión que impide un tercer período del presidente Uribe.

February 26, 2010: Pentagon Official: Drug Traffickers Threatening Central America
By Matthew Schewel
The top U.S. Defense Department official for Latin America expressed concern Thursday that a crackdown on the drug trade in Colombia, Mexico and the Caribbean is leading traffickers to seek refuge in Central America, posing a potentially destabilizing threat to the region.

February 25, 2010: Is Chávez running scared?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It happened in Cancún where 32 Latin American and Caribbean countries were meeting. At a private lunch, the group witnessed an unseemly encounter between Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chávez. Speaking off the record as is customary in these gatherings, Uribe called on Chávez to end Venezuela's hindrance of trade relations with Colombia.

February 25, 2010: Head of Mexican Banking Association Sees Rebound in Loan Growth
By Matthew Schewel
The head of Mexico's banking association said Wednesday he expects loan growth to top 10 percent this year as the country pulls out of its worst recession in over a decade. Mortgages and loans to small businesses are poised to grow more than 15 and 20 percent respectively.

February 23, 2010: Should Insulza Have Another Term as OAS Secretary General?
By Peter Hakim, Diego Arria, Luiz Felipe Lampreia, Carl Meacham, John F. Maisto
A Feb. 10 editorial in The Washington Post blasted the Organization of American States, saying it is failing in its stated objective to "consolidate and promote representative democracy." The newspaper also said Secretary General José Miguel Insulza, who is up for re-election next month, has been 'the embodiment of this dysfunction' by pressing to lift Cuba's ban from the organization and by refusing to intervene when Venezuela's Hugo Chávez stripped opponents of their power and launched criminal investigations against them. Do you agree? Should Insulza be elected to another term as OAS secretary general? Will he be challenged for re-election?

February 22, 2010: El Próspero Brasil: las opciones que se le presentan (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Cuadernos de la Fundacion M.Botin
Brasil está emergente de ser un país de importancia regional a uno de significancia global. Tendrá que tomar decisiones importantes en los años que vienen.

February 18, 2010: El presidente Barack Obama sólo se quedó en el discurso
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Buenos Aires Económico
Relegada en la agenda de los EEUU., el vínculo entre Washington y América latina se deterioró durante la gestión Obama.

February 18, 2010: Protecting Latin America’s Poor During Economic Crises (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
History tells us that economic crises cause large increases in poverty and slow down or reverse progress in key social indicators. Even when governments try to protect the poor, they often lack the institutional capacity to do so quickly and effectively. The brief describes how past economic crises have affected poverty, education and health in Latin America, and suggests a pro-poor policy response in three areas: the macroeconomic policy mix, the composition of fiscal adjustments and social safety nets. It is the second in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

February 18, 2010: ¿Cómo se puede proteger a la población pobre durante las crisis económicas? Lecciones del pasado. (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
La crisis económica global que comenzó a finales de 2007 ha tenido su repercusión en América Latina. La síntesis ilustra cómo las crisis económicas han afectado la pobreza, la educación y la salud. Aún cuando los gobiernos quisieran proteger a los pobres del impacto de las medidas de austeridad, a menudo carecen de la capacidad institucional para hacerlo de manera rápida y efectiva. En conclusión, se presenta una serie de recomendaciones para que los gobiernos protejan a la población pobre durante los periodos de crisis económica. Es la segunda dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocando en temas claves para la agenda social de la región.

February 17, 2010: En Washington domina la desconfianza
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
Transcurrido más de un año desde la salida del republicano George W. Bush y el arribo del demócrata Barack Obama a la Casa Blanca, la Argentina sigue lejos de restablecer vínculos de confianza con Estados Unidos, una carencia que responde a la "incertidumbre" y a los "conflictos institucionales" que se observan en el país. Así lo afirmó ayer Michael Shifter, flamante presidente del Interamerican Dialogue, el centro de estudios más importante sobre la región en Washington.

February 17, 2010: Chavez opposition sees opportunity
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN
Heated protests and counterprotests between Hugo Chavez's detractors and supporters can be a problem in itself, Michael Shifter, vice president of the Inter-American Dialogue, told CNN's Christiane Amanpour in an interview on her show on February 17.

February 17, 2010: Mejorar la educación para reconstruir Haití
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Politica Exterior
La comunidad internacional debe reconocer que, en el futuro inmediato, la mayoría de los niños pobres de Haití irá a escuelas privadas, y es necesario encontrar la manera de que esas escuelas sean mejores. Por ello, debería financiar cualquier tipo de escuela –pública o privada– que ayude a los pobres y esté dispuesta a adoptar mejoras que incrementen la calidad.

February 14, 2010: Las señales mezcladas de Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Es comprensible que los colombianos estén perplejos con dos mensajes recientes que han llegado del gobierno de Obama, que ahora empieza su segundo año. El primero tiene que ver con el Tratado de Libre Comercio que está pendiente, y el segundo es el estatus del paquete de ayudas para Colombia, frecuentemente llamado Plan Colombia.

February 14, 2010: Washington's Mixed Signals
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

February 12, 2010: Una respuesta al Editorial del Washington Post sobre la OEA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Nadie dice que el primer mandato de Insulza como Secretario General haya sido todo un éxito, pero no es el único culpable de los decepcionantes resultados de la OEA. En los últimos diez años, la política cada vez más polarizada de América Latina ha frustrado la cooperación regional sobre la democracia y virtualmente en cualquier otro tema, además de alimentar el hundimiento de las relaciones EE.UU.- América Latina.

February 12, 2010: The Washington Post and the OAS Secretary-General
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
The Post editorial on the Organization of American States (OAS) echoes a widespread disappointment and frustration with the organization’s inability to do a better job in carrying out its mandate to advance and defend democracy in the hemisphere. There is no question that the OAS needs to be reformed, but the changes need to emerge from accurate analysis of the problems confronting both Latin America and the OAS—which the editorial fails to offer.

February 12, 2010: Michael Shifter on Voice of America, 2-12-2010
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Voice of America
Michael Shifter appeared on Voice of America (Spanish) to talk about Costa Rica's presidential elections, as well as other electoral developments in Latin America.

February 12, 2010: Sopa de letras
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República
Latinoamérica, por su lado, aparece pasmada e impotente frente a la dimensión del negocio de la droga y, especialmente, frente a su mortífera capacidad de fuego.

February 11, 2010: Europe might take another step back
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Until June 30, Spain holds the presidency of the European Union. Madrid has always taken the lead on Cuba, and so it has been since the Socialists won the 2004 election. Under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spain prodded the EU to lift sanctions imposed after the Black Spring of 2003. By March 2009, the EU had normalized relations with Havana. After the Popular Party eked out the Socialists in 1996, Spain moved the EU to adopt the Common Position, laying out the objective of encouraging Cuba to launch a democratic transition, respect human rights and open the economy while rejecting ``coercive measures.''

February 4, 2010: The Politics of Disaster Relief: China, Taiwan and the Haitian Earthquake (PDF)
By Daniel Erikson
Source: China Brief, Vol. 10, Issue 3, February 4, 2010
After a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti on January 12, the aftershock reached China in ways that few observers could have anticipated.

February 1, 2010: Obama and Latin America: New Beginnings, Old Frictions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Signs of frustration are unmistakable in Washington and in many Latin American capitals, despite Obama’s immense personal appeal and the continued promise of a more productive partnership.

February 1, 2010: Obama y América Latina: Nuevos Comienzos, Viejas Fricciones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Política Colombiana

January 29, 2010: La comezón del primer año
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República
La política de EE.UU. hacia America Latina sigue siendo esencialmente la misma. Acaso con una diferencia importante, que es la de abrir un mayor juego al multilateralismo y a que los propios países de la región tienen responsabilidades que asumir

January 29, 2010: New bipartisanship over Haiti is promising
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Des Moines Register
The devastating earthquake that struck Haiti Jan. 12 also provoked one of America's most remarkable political reunions in recent memory. Five days later, President Barack Obama stood on the White House lawn flanked by former U.S. Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton who together pledged to help rebuild Haiti. Bush captured the spirit of the moment, telling reporters that, "Now's not the time to focus on politics. It's time to focus on helping people."

January 29, 2010: International community, Haitians must work together
By Peter D. Bell
Source: Des Moines Register
The worldwide outpouring of support for Haitians from governments and ordinary citizens has been extraordinary. Rescue teams saving people pinned under collapsed buildings and medical teams performing surgery without basic supplies have been spellbinding. But this heroic phase of the emergency response is drawing to a close.

January 28, 2010: New faces, new policies in region (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is swirling everywhere. Such are the ways of democracies, especially when oppositions come alive and defeat or threaten incumbents.

January 28, 2010: In Profile: Brazil's New Ambassador to the U.S.
By Matthew Schewel
In Profile: Mauro Vieira: Brazil's New Ambassador to the United States

January 26, 2010: Un año crucial para Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Por estos días, todos en Washington tienen algún consejo para el Presidente Obama. Habiendo completado un año de su presidencia y después de una sorprendente derrota de su Partido Demócrata en las elecciones de Massachusetts para el Senado, Obama se enfrenta a un año desafiante. Encuestas muestran que Obama goza de popularidad personal, pero sus políticas reciben calificaciones más inferiores.

January 26, 2010: A Crucial Year for Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

January 26, 2010: No "chavizar" la política exterior
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: La Tercera
Nada le convendría más a Chávez que, en el momento en que la atención internacional está puesta en Piñera, tener con él una confrontación en su estilo que no reconoce maneras. Sería lamentable para Chile entablar una pelea menor con un gobernante que no goza de prestigio alguno.

January 25, 2010: In Rebuilding Haiti, Improving Education Must Be a Priority
By Jeffrey Puryear
The severity of the earthquake's impact on the Haitian people is due in large part to the country's poverty and its weak government. Countries that are poor, and poorly educated, seldom have the human resources and institutions that can plan for emergencies and respond quickly and effectively when they occur.

January 20, 2010: A Disappointing First Year: Obama and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOREIGN AFFAIRS LATINOAMÉRICA
Inter-American relations have taken a disappointing course for the Obama Administration. The US has suffered several political setbacks in the region since the Trinidad Summit and little progress has been made on most of the “legacy” issues that Obama inherited from Bush and other predecessors.

January 20, 2010: Un decepcionante primer año: Obama y Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOREIGN AFFAIRS LATINOAMÉRICA
Barack Obama generó un cambio palpable en el ambiente de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Latinoamérica durante la 5ª Cumbre de las Américas de 2009. Sin embargo, las relaciones interamericanas desde entonces han tomado un curso decepcionante. Estados Unidos ha pasado por varios contratiempos políticos en la región y se ha hecho poco progreso en la mayoría de los temas del “legado” que Obama heredó de George W. Bush y de otros predecesores.

January 18, 2010: Las repercusiones del terremoto sobre las remesas
By Manuel Orozco
Source: América Economía
De la misma manera que las rutas de comunicación para la entrega de víveres son esenciales, las rutas de pago garantizarán el equilibrio financiero y económico de Haití durante su recuperación.

January 16, 2010: Más allá de rótulos ideológicos en Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Con las elecciones chilenas hoy, y la posible victoria de Sebastián Piñera, no sorprende que algunos medios internacionales y analistas se refieran a un potencial viraje de Latinoamérica hacia la derecha. Esto marcaría una inversión de lo que muchos llamaron "una movida a la izquierda" en la región hace tan solo unos años.

January 16, 2010: Beyond Ideological Labels in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
With next Sunday’s Chilean election, and conservative Sebastian Pinera the expected winner, it is not surprising that some international media and analysts are referring to a possible move to the “right” in Latin America. This would mark a reversal of what so many called a "shift to the left" in the region just a few years ago.

January 15, 2010: Vulnerabilidad y remesas en el sector rural Mexicano (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Análisis de la Encuesta sobre Vulnerabilidad de las familias rurales realizada por la Asociación Mexicana de Uniones de Crédito del Sector Social A.C. en el 2008

January 14, 2010: Haiti's faint signs of progress take a vicious blow
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: CNN
Haitians have long been accustomed to the metaphorical earthquakes that have rippled through their proud but troubled country, but now, a literal earthquake, measuring magnitude 7.0 on the Richter scale, has laid waste to the largest population center, the teeming, vibrant and chaotic capital of Port-au-Prince.

January 14, 2010: The Ghosts of Port-au-Prince
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Foreign Policy
Given the torrent of maladies that Haiti has suffered in recent years, it is tempting to conclude that the country lies beyond the edge of hope. Even before a massive earthquake transformed much of the capital city of Port-au-Prince into rubble, Haitians were already bound together by the shared trauma of collective memory.

January 13, 2010: ¿Puede resolver España el problema de Cuba? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Política Exterior Nº133 - Enero / Febero 2010
Ha llegado la hora de sustituir la Posición Común sobre Cuba por un planteamiento que se adapte mejor a los diversos intereses y ventajas de los países europeos. ¿En qué medida puede España promover la democratización de la isla y su integración internacional?

January 13, 2010: Can Spain Solve the Cuba Problem?
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Política Exterior Nº133 - Enero / Febero 2010
There will be no shortage of challenges facing Spain when the country assumes the presidency of the European Union on January 1, 2010. Indeed, the lingering aftershocks of the global financial crisis, the evolution of the EU’s political architecture, and a full spectrum of foreign policy challenges ranging from the reconstruction of Afghanistan to the rise of China will be awaiting the attention of Spanish officials. Thus, it is striking that Spain has signaled that it will pursue the recalibration of European foreign policy towards the island nation of Cuba as one of its top priorities during its six month presidency. Indeed, while other European countries have intermittently focused on Cuba during their presidencies, few have identified it as a high priority and fewer still have been willing to expend significant political capital on revamping the 1996 “Common Position” on Cuba in the direction of greater engagement.

January 13, 2010: Earthquake Exposes Haiti's Silent Crisis
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Sphere
The brutal earthquake that struck Haiti this week has unmasked the silent crisis of desperation and poverty that already enveloped the vast majority of the country's population.

January 7, 2010: El difícil año de Obama en América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
2009 no fue un buen año para las relaciones Estados Unidos-América Latina. La agenda de Obama para 2010 ante América Latina tampoco será fácil.

January 7, 2010: The Obama Administration: A Difficult Year in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
2009 has not been a good year for U.S.-Latin America relations. Obama’s Latin American agenda will not be any easier in 2010.

January 5, 2010: VIDEO: The Financial Crisis and Latin America: A Conversation With Augusto de la Torre
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
The Dialogue sat down with Augusto de la Torre, Chief Economist for Latin America and the Caribbean at the World Bank, to take stock of the financial crisis which rocked the global economy in 2008 and 2009, and to consider what prospects for recovery lie ahead. The Dialogue's president, Peter Hakim, also comments.

January 5, 2010: La doctrina Chavezjad: Entre el mito y la especulación
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
Venezuela e Irán unen sus fuerzas y recursos para disminuir la influencia de Estados Unidos ¿Hasta dónde será posible conseguir ese objetivo? Existen muchas dudas sobre el verdadero alcance de esta polémica alianza. Michael Shifter, el nuevo presidente del Inter-American Dialogue en Washington, analiza esta relación.

January 5, 2010: The Chavezjad Doctrine: Between Myth and Speculation
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
Venezuela and Iran are using their power and resources in an attempt to reduce US influence across the globe, but will it be possible to achieve this goal? There are many doubts about the true scope of this controversial alliance. Michael Shifter, the new president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington, discusses this relationship.

January 5, 2010: La visita que calentó a Brasil
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder

January 5, 2010: Ahmadinejad's Visit Heats Up Brazil
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder

January 4, 2010: Lula podría convertirse en el agente clave del cambio climático en 2010
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
De todos los acontecimientos dignos de mención que podrían desarrollarse en la escena energética de América Latina en 2010, el más interesante será la posible transformación de presidente de Brasil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, en el agente clave en el mundo sobre el tema climático durante su último año de gobierno.

January 4, 2010: Lula could become key climate change broker in 2010
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Of all the noteworthy developments that could unfold upon the Latin American energy scene in 2010, the most interesting will be the potential transformation of Brazil´s president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, into the world´s key climate broker during his final year in office.

January 4, 2010: FDI in the Region Will Recover This Year After Sliding in 2009
By Alicia Bárcena
Foreign direct investment (FDI) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) was expected to fall considerably in 2009 as a consequence of the global economic crisis.

January 4, 2010: Dos retos paralelos de Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: AmericaEconomia
Ha llegado el momento de restablecer la gobernabilidad democrática y demostrar la disposición de defender la democracia en otras naciones del hemisferio.

January 4, 2010: The Twin Challenges of Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: AmericaEconomia
The time has come to disentangle the two objectives of international intervention in Honduras—(1) restoring normal, democratic governance to the country, and (2) demonstrating a readiness to defend democracy in other hemispheric ations—and pursue them on separate tracks.

January 3, 2010: Raúl's nightmare
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba's problems can't be addressed under the leadership's passé reformism. Raúl Castro is neither Gorbachev nor Deng Xiaoping, both of whom thought outside the box while in power. He is stuck in the old mold of market socialism: a tinker here, a nudge there, even though Europe's 1989 should serve as warning. It's a dead end.

January 1, 2010: Twelve Myths in the Fight Against Drug-trafficking
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Nexos
Mexico has not seen violence levels with such political and social impact since the Revolution of 1910. The intricacy to understand public information and results related to the fight against drug-trafficking and organized crime implemented by the Mexican Government, has resulted in the emergence of a series of myths and fallacies surrounding the violence derived from the so-called “war against drug-trafficking.”

December 30, 2009: Após expectativa inicial, Obama termina o ano distante da America Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: ANSA
Para Michael Shifter, do Diálogo Interamericano, o esfriamento na relação se deve em parte à defesa de pontos de vista diferentes em temas considerados cruciais, como o acordo firmado por EUA e Colômbia e a crise em Honduras.

December 29, 2009: Misunderstanding the Problem
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New Republic
Michael Shifter responds to Jorge Castañeda’s article in The New Republic ("Adios, Monroe Doctrine," December 28, 2009).

December 28, 2009: VIDEO: A Conversation With Peter Hakim
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
As 2009 comes to a close, the Dialogue sat down with Peter Hakim to review the significant events of the year and forecast challenges that might lay ahead. This is the interview with Peter Hakim in its entirety.

December 28, 2009: VIDEO: Year In Review: 2009
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
As 2009 comes to a close, the Dialogue sat down with staff, including Peter Hakim, Michael Shifter, Dan Erikson, Jeff Puryear, and visiting fellow Aurea Molto, to review the significant events of the year and forecast challenges that might lay ahead.

December 26, 2009: Obama y América Latina: un año
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
For the Obama administration, the promising Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago was followed by some unexpected distractions that sidetracked US policy towards the region.

December 26, 2009: Obama and Latin America: Year One
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
For the Obama administration, the promising Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago was followed by some unexpected distractions that sidetracked US policy towards the region.

December 26, 2009: Não vai haver convergência Brasil-EUA
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Folha
Discordâncias como as sobre Irã e Honduras são comuns, mas é preciso saber superá-las, diz novo presidente do Diálogo Interamericano. Washington e Brasília devem saber lidar com diferenças de opinião e se concentrar na cooperação, afirma Michael Shifter.

December 24, 2009: What Issues Will Drive U.S.-Latin American Relations Next Year?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to a Gallup Poll conducted last summer, Latin Americans' perceptions of U.S. leadership improved dramatically this year as President Barack Obama took office. Despite general public goodwill, however, the Obama administration has faced sharp criticism over the handling of the coup in Honduras and a military agreement between the United States and Colombia that alienated some countries in South America. What issues will drive U.S.-Latin American relations in the coming year? Where should the Obama administration focus its efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean?

December 24, 2009: What Issues Will Drive U.S.-Latin American Relations Next Year?
By Arturo Valenzuela, Peter Hakim, Andrés Rozental and Roger Noriega
According to a Gallup Poll conducted last summer, Latin Americans' perceptions of U.S. leadership improved dramatically this year as President Barack Obama took office. Despite general public goodwill, however, the Obama administration has faced sharp criticism over the handling of the coup in Honduras and a military agreement between the United States and Colombia that alienated some countries in South America. What issues will drive U.S.-Latin American relations in the coming year?

December 23, 2009: Un golpe mortal a la democracia
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Nicaragua se acerca al precipicio. En 2006, Daniel Ortega se vistió de oveja para llevar a cabo su campaña, pero sacó su lobo interior una vez que llegó el poder. Se sumó al ALBA, la alianza de autócratas fundada por Venezuela, viajó a Irán, Cuba, Libia, y trató al entonces embajador de Estados Unidos como a un punching bag. La maquinaria sandinista de clientelismo, corrupción y tácticas represivas resucitó con toda su fuerza.

December 23, 2009: Latin America's Economic Growth Will Rebound in 2010
By Shelly Shetty
Latin America has withstood the stress test of the global economic and financial crisis relatively well. The region entered the period of the global financial crisis in relatively good health with record-high international reserves, manageable external account imbalances, modest government debt burdens and comparatively healthy financial systems that were not exposed to "toxic" assets or highly dependent on external funding.

December 17, 2009: Dealing democracy a death blow
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Miami Herald
Nicaragua is nearing the brink. In 2006 Daniel Ortega campaigned in sheep's clothing but freed his inner wolf once inaugurated. He joined ALBA, Venezuela's alliance of autocrats, traveled to Iran, Cuba, Libya and Algeria and used then-U.S. Ambassador Paul Trivelli as a punching bag. The Sandinista machinery of clientelism, corruption and strong-arm tactics is back in full force.

December 16, 2009: Obama: De Candidato a Presidente
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
El caso de Obama ha demostrado una vez más que no es lo mismo ser candidato que presidente en ejercicio. Sin embargo, Michael Shifter plantea que, a modo de balance de su primer año como Presidente, corresponde un análisis matizado que comprenda logros innegables pero también dificultades y expectativas no satisfechas.

December 16, 2009: Obama: From Candidate to President
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
The case of Obama has demonstrated once more that being a candidate is not the same as actually being the president. Michael Shifter proposes an analysis of Obama's first year in office, looking at the new president's successes but also his difficulties and unfulfilled expectations.

December 16, 2009: China in the Caribbean: The New Big Brother (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: China Brief, Vol. 9, Issue: 25
At first glance, China and the Caribbean would appear to have few interests in common. China, with a population of over 1.3 billion, has undertaken an impressive economic expansion that has earned it renewed recognition as a global power. The sovereign states of the English-speaking Caribbean consist of small, micro-states with sluggish levels of economic growth. While China has been both a primary driver and beneficiary of world economic growth, the Caribbean has, for the most part, been a reactor to it. It is this difference that makes China an alluring, yet potentially dangerous economic partner.

December 15, 2009: ¿ESTÁ RESUELTA LA SEGUNDA VUELTA?
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: CIPER (Chile)
Frente a la encrucijada inédita que plantea la segunda vuelta de esta quinta elección presidencial desde la recuperación de la democracia, el cientista político Genaro Arriagada, también Senior Fellow en el Diálogo Interamericano, analiza los resultados del domingo pasado y hace una radiografía de los desafíos que ellos plantean para ambos candidatos.

December 14, 2009: Honduras é só um da série de ruídos entre governos Lula e Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: Agência Estado (Brasil)
Apesar das divergências que se acumularam nos últimos meses, os analistas consultados pela Agência Estado não acreditam em um clima de tensão bilateral, nem em qualquer possibilidade de rupturas à vista. Interview by Gabriel Bueno da Costa

December 11, 2009: Former Head of Brazil's Oil Regulator Criticizes Pre-Salt Reforms
By Matthew Schewel
The Brazilian government's plan to overhaul oil development rules for the country's vast offshore reserves is largely unnecessary and could end up making the country's state oil company less efficient, the former head of Brazil's oil regulatory agency said Tuesday.

December 10, 2009: Healing time for Honduras
By Michael C. Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
After a miserable year, Honduras needs a period of stability to allow its economy and public services to operate.

December 10, 2009: El futuro de Centro América: Entre la incertidumbre, el caos o el porvenir
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Aunque la crisis actual que impera en Centro América refleja preocupación sobre su capacidad de resolver sus retos presentes, la realidad que se acerca en el futuro refleja también retos de incertidumbre y debilidad que requieren atención.

December 9, 2009: Argentina: A New Chapter in a Long-Running Debt Saga
By Claudio Loser
While readers may think I deal too often with Argentina, the truth is that the country keeps creeping into the international financial news.

December 8, 2009: O peso pesado e seu contrapeso.
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
Em vez de continuarem como concorrentes, Brasil e EUA têm mais a ganhar se encontrarem formas de cooperar na América Latina.

December 8, 2009: Brazil: Latin America’s Heavyweight and the U.S.’s Counterweight.
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
In the coming period, the U.S. may well defer more and more to Brazilian leadership in Latin America—and Brazil’s influence is almost sure to increase across the region. But rather than remaining as competitors or counterweights to each other, both Brazil and the U.S. have more to gain by finding ways to cooperate.

December 3, 2009: That other Cuban community
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Along the Jersey side on the Hudson River, New York City stands vibrant if now forever scarred. Between 1892 and 1954, 12 million immigrants entered the United States through Ellis Island, where a must-see museum renders tribute to their hopes and the country that blessed them.

December 1, 2009: O desafio das drogas
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

December 1, 2009: La influencia de Chávez es limitada
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Vanguardia
Ecuador's Vanguardia magazine talks to Michael Shifter about Venezuela and Brazil's foreign policy.

November 30, 2009: EEUU presionará al nuevo presidente para lograr un acuerdo
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
In a brief interview with Chilean newspaper La Tercera, Michael Shifter discusses the aftermath of the elections in Honduras.

November 29, 2009: Brasil deveria deixar princípios de lado e apoiar eleição em Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: R7 Noticias
Para Peter Hakim, o Brasil de Lula joga por Zelaya e não pensa em sua imagem. (Interviewed by R7 Noticias).

November 29, 2009: ¿Lucha por el poder o por la democracia?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
La élite política opositora a Daniel Ortega ha postulado que hay tres condiciones para contener el expansionismo antidemocrático: reducir el abuso de recursos financieros que el régimen utiliza arbitrariamente, fortalecer una unidad pro-democrática en Nicaragua y separar a Arnoldo Alemán de su matrimonio con Ortega. Esta posición política, aunque atractiva para la élite,contiene los elementos de la derrota contra un régimen que posee ingredientes del incesto político nicaragüense.

November 29, 2009: Outro Castro, Mesma Cuba
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
Um dos maiores mistérios envolvendo Raúl Castro quando assumiu o poder em Cuba, em fevereiro de 2008, era se ele seguiria a política de supressão das liberdades civis e políticas na ilha defendida por seu irmão Fidel. Nas últimas semanas, o já péssimo histórico de Cuba no campo dos direitos humanos piorou com a avalanche de noticias negativas sobre o espancamento de blogueiros e prisioneiros políticos, ameaçando destruir qualquer esperança de uma normalização das relações entre Cuba e Estados Unidos. Claro que esse pode ser exatamente o resultado que os irmãos Castro pretendem, mas não há dúvida de que a atual situação no país está cada vez mais volátil.

November 25, 2009: Brasil deve equilibrar estratégia
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Globo
Peter Hakim, presidente do Inter-American Dialogue, acha que o preço que o Brasil paga por emergir como líder mundial de peso é equilibrar suas declarações diante dos fatos diplomáticos mais significativos, o que, segundo ele, o Itamaraty e o Planalto ainda não conseguiram fazer.

November 24, 2009: Playing with fire
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter discusses the latest series of provocations between Colombia and Venezuela and suggests possible roles for the United States and regional organizations in resolving the conflict.

November 24, 2009: Jugando con fuego
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las tensiones y desconfianzas entre Colombia y Venezuela rara vez han sido más grandes, haciendo remotas las perspectivas para restaurar una funcional relación bilateral.

November 24, 2009: Peru's Garcia Belaunde: Chile Spy Case a Bilateral, Not Regional, Issue
By Matthew Schewel
The Peruvian government does not plan to use Friday's meeting of the Union of South American Nations, or Unasur, as a forum to address a recent spy scandal that has elevated tensions with neighboring Chile, Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Garcia Belaunde said Monday

November 21, 2009: El Hombre de Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Arturo Valenzuela está asumiendo el cargo más alto de política exterior hacia América Latina, en un momento difícil para las relaciones de EE.UU. en el hemisferio. Aunque su conocimiento de América Latina es inigualable, se enfrenta a una agenda difícil.

November 21, 2009: Obama's Man in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Arturo Valenzuela is taking over the top Latin American policy job at a rough time for U.S. relations in the hemisphere. While President Obama retains the respect and good will of most governments in the region, the Administration’s hemispheric policies have disappointed many in Latin America and in Washington. His unmatched knowledge of Latin America and ample government experience, notwithstanding, Valenzuela faces a tough agenda.

November 18, 2009: Reforma politica va a ser beneficiosa para la democracia argentina
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Patagónico
El presidente del think tank (grupo de pensamiento) Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, sostuvo que la reforma política que hoy está siendo debatida en la cámara Baja, "va a ser beneficiosa para la democracia argentina" y sugirió que sería "mejor si los legisladores pudieran encontrar la manera de no perder esta oportunidad de reflexionar, de discutir y debatir el sistema político y hacer cambios".

November 13, 2009: Is the Region Coming Out of the Crisis, and If So, How Well?
By Claudio Loser
A year ago, we were struggling with the impact of the worst global financial crisis in recent memory, at least in mine. This year, the world will have registered its first decline in output since the middle of last century.

November 13, 2009: Peru Gov't and Indigenous Group Still Disagree on Bagua Clash
By Matthew Schewel
More than five months after a deadly clash between police and indigenous protesters in the Peruvian Amazon killed at least 34 people, leading the government to roll back efforts to open up the region for oil and gas development and other extractive industries, a Peruvian indigenous leader said native communities are still searching for answers.

November 11, 2009: Fiddling while Tegucigalpa burns
By Michael Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
Of the many lessons to be learned from the Honduran political crisis, perhaps the most important one for would-be deal brokers is that if you get involved, prepare to stay involved.

November 10, 2009: Calm Down, Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter looks at the root causes of the current conflict between Colombia and Venezuela.

November 6, 2009: Cambió el alma de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Viente años después de la caída del Muro de Berlín, Michael Shifter examina relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y América Latina en el periodo post Guerra Fría.

November 6, 2009: It Changed the Soul of Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Michael Shifter examines relations between the United States and Latin America in the post Cold War period.

November 6, 2009: How Has the Honduran Crisis Affected the U.S. Role in the Region?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
Whether or not it resolves the Honduran crisis, last week's agreement between deposed President Manuel Zelaya and de facto leader Roberto Micheletti was a victory for moderation and reason in a situation heretofore notably lacking these characteristics.

November 5, 2009: Anything can still happen
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
Anyone familiar with the Honduras crisis can be forgiven for being skeptical about the viability of last week's agreement to end the four-month deadlock between opposing political forces in that shaken Central American nation.

November 5, 2009: Dead End?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The Obama administration may be going down a dead end. In an Oct. 13 meeting with Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Obama said: ``Tell Raúl that if he doesn't take steps, I won't be able to go further.'' A few days later the Spanish foreign minister met with Raúl Castro. We don't know if he delivered the message.

November 4, 2009: Canada Major Contributor on Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Embassy Magazine (Canada)
Canada has been one of the few countries that has been consistently and thoughtfully engaged in seeking a pragmatic solution to the crisis, which for the past several months, has denied Hondurans their democratic rights and been devastating to the economy of one of Latin America’s poorest nations.

November 4, 2009: VIDEO: Congress to Re-examine Drug Policy at Home and Abroad
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
The Inter-American Dialogue produced a video on a recent hearing of the House Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere entitled, "Assessing U.S. Drug Policy in the Americas." Features one-on-one interviews with Subcommittee Chairman Eliot Engel (D-NY), former Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and Michael Shifter.

November 2, 2009: VIDEO: Michael Shifter Discusses Recent Developments in Honduras
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
Dialogue staff sat down with Michael Shifter, Vice President for Policy, to discuss recent developments in the Honduran crisis.

October 27, 2009: How Poor and Unequal is Latin America and the Caribbean? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
The brief draws on a rich array of sources to identify a set of basic facts about of poverty and inequality in Latin America. It describes the region’s extraordinary concentration of income at the top of the income scale, and its absence at the bottom—setting Latin America apart from every other region of the developing world. The brief concludes that, despite modest recent progress, Latin America remains far from finding an effective strategy for reducing poverty and inequality. It is the first in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

October 27, 2009: Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
La síntesis está sustentada en una amplia gama de información para aclarar lo que sabemos sobre la pobreza y la desigualdad en América Latina. Esta síntesis describe la extraordinaria concentración de ingreso en el sector de la población con mayor renta y su ausencia en el sector de la población más pobre – a diferencia de las demás regiones en desarrollo. La síntesis concluye que, a pesar del modesto progreso visto recientemente, América Latina no parece haber desarrollado una estrategia sólida para reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad. Ésta es la primera dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocada en temas claves para la agenda social de la región.

October 26, 2009: Sin pausa pero sin prisa
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Estados Unidos y Cuba están dando pequeños pasos para el acercamiento. Desde que el presidente Obama llamó a un "nuevo comienzo", su gobierno ha permitido el envío de remesas y viajes ilimitados por razones familiares, ha reanudado las conversaciones migratorias, ha propuesto que se establezca el servicio de correo directo y se manifestó a favor del concierto de Juanes. En los últimos diez meses, el Departamento de Estado ha otorgado 5.500 visas más a cubanos para que visiten Estados Unidos que las que concedió durante el mismo período del año anterior.

October 23, 2009: Lecciones para Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Honduras es una prueba crítica para la política exterior de Barack Obama en América Latina. Desafortunadamente, puede ser que repruebe. La postura del gobierno de enfatizar la cooperación multilateral y alinear las agendas de EE.UU. con las de los países de la región, ha sido bien recibida y podría llevar a una relación a largo plazo más productiva. Pero para que eso ocurra debe ser manejada en mejor forma que en el caso de Honduras .

October 23, 2009: Honduras and Multilateralism: Lessons for the Obama Administration
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Honduras is a critical test for President Obama’s Latin America policy. Unfortunately, he may end up with a failing grade. The Administration’s approach—emphasizing multilateral cooperation and seeking to align U.S. and Latin American agendas—has been welcomed by most Latin Americans, and could lead to a more productive long-term relationship with the region. But the policy needs to be more effectively managed than it has been Honduras.

October 22, 2009: Can we honor the fallen of both sides?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Sunday, The Miami Herald's ombudsman, Edward Schumacher-Matos, wrote about me. His thoughtful column gave due consideration to my personal story and the spy charges levied against me -- not by the U.S. government but by a small clique on the blogosphere. What saddens me is that the column had to be written.

October 21, 2009: The Argentine Economy in the New Political and International Environment (PDF)
By Miguel Kiguel
Source: econviews
Powerpoint presented by Miguel Kiguel at a Dialogue event, "Argentina's Economy and its Prospect for Recovery and Sustained Growth," moderated by Edgardo Sternberg, on October 21, 2009.

October 18, 2009: "El chavismo es insostenible y genera su propia destrucción"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Universal
Shifter cree que la política de multilaterqalismo a aplicar hacia América latina por parte del presidente Obama tiene a Brasil como un actor de primera fila.

October 18, 2009: "El reto es manejar las diferencias sin agresiones"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Últimas Noticias
Durante su estado en Caracas, Michael Shifter fue entrevistado por el diario Últimas Noticias sobre temas diversos, incluyendo la política exterior de Barack Obama, relaciones con Venezuela, la política antidroga, y la existencia de pensamiento imperial en los Estados Unidos.

October 16, 2009: House Subcommittee Advances Legislation For Review of Drug Policy
By Matthew Schewel
A group of US lawmakers is calling for a re-examination of America's decades-old "war on drugs," which since 1980 has cost taxpayers at least $14 billion through anti-narcotics efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean

October 14, 2009: Michael Shifter no ve amenaza
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano cree que Washington busca ser pragmático en su relación con Caracas.

October 14, 2009: Cuba's Brave New World (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs
Cuba is enjoying a wave of international engagement that was virtually inconceivable even a decade ago. In the last year, heads of state from more than twenty Latin American and Caribbean countries have visited Cuba, and many do so frequently. Indeed, a casual observer of Cuba's international relations could be forgiven for thinking that global perception and acceptance of the Cuban revolution are at an all time high. This diplomatic sea change is all the more striking given the fact that the Castro regime continues to resolutely resist the kind of democratic opening and economic reforms that much of the world has long encouraged.

October 11, 2009: Obama y Honduras
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Michael Shifter looks at the political forces in the United States that are impacting the outcome of the continuing crisis in Honduras.

October 11, 2009: Obama and Honduras
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Michael Shifter looks at the political forces in the United States that are impacting the outcome of the continuing crisis in Honduras.

October 8, 2009: U.S. and Cuba inching toward each other
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The United States and Cuba are taking baby steps toward each other. Since President Obama called for a ``new beginning,'' his administration has allowed unlimited family travel and remittances, resumed migration talks, proposed direct-mail service and given its blessing to the concert by Colombian pop star Juanes. In the past 10 months, the State Department issued 5,500 more visas for Cubans to visit the United States than in the same period before October 2008.

October 7, 2009: Recomponer las relaciones España-EE UU
By Paul Isbell
Source: El País (Spain)
El próximo 13 de octubre, el presidente del Gobierno español, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, se reunirá en la Casa Blanca con el presidente Barack Obama para celebrar la primera reunión oficial entre ambos líderes. El objetivo del encuentro será el relanzamiento de las relaciones entre España y Estados Unidos, tensas desde que Zapatero anunciara la retirada de las tropas españolas de Irak en 2004.

October 4, 2009: Mão dupla no Estreito da Flórida (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Após décadas de hostilidade e desconfiança, os Estado Unidos e Cuba estão começando a trocar mensagens conciliatórias de que já é hora de desenvolver uma relação mais pragmática e baseada em interesses.

October 1, 2009: Remittances and Social Development: The Latin American Experience (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Financing Social Policy: Mobilizing Resources for Development
Manuel Orozco's chapter in Financing Social Policy, edited by Katja Hujo and Shea McClanahan, presents a direct and systematic discussion that leaves few questions regarding 'what the data say' about remittances and their potential use for social development in Latin America.

September 28, 2009: Managing disarray: The search for a new consensus (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Which Way Latin America?: Hemispheric Politics Meets Globalization
In this book, some of the world’s leading Latin Americanists explore the ways in which the region has re-engaged globalization. Michael Shifter contributed this chapter, entitled "Managing disarray: The search for a new consensus," in which he discusses inter-American relations both past and present.

September 24, 2009: Colombia Hopes to Win US Hearts in Free Trade Debate
By Matthew Schewel
With a Colombia-US free trade agreement stalled in both houses of the US Congress over concerns about human rights and judicial reform in the South American country, the Colombian government is taking its case directly to the American public, mounting a large-scale public relations campaign that made a stop earlier this month in downtown Washington.

September 23, 2009: Manuel Zelaya hurts his own cause
By Michael Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
By refusing to compromise, Manuel Zelaya is undermining international efforts to resolve the crisis in Honduras.

September 22, 2009: Lección sobre fragilidad democrática
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Han transcurrido casi tres meses desde el golpe en Honduras. El plan Arias —diseñado por el presidente de Costa Rica, Oscar Arias— exige el regreso al gobierno del mandatario depuesto, Manuel Zelaya, aunque con poderes reducidos, así como una amnistía para los involucrados en los acontecimientos previos y posteriores al 28 de junio. Tanto hondureños como observadores extranjeros esgrimen poderosos argumentos legales para justificar la "sucesión presidencial" o la permanencia de Zelaya como el "legítimo presidente".

September 21, 2009: US-CUBA: Five Decades of an Admittedly Failed Policy
By Charles Davis
Source: Inter Press Service
In his review of Dan Erikson's "The Cuba Wars," Charles Davis of IPS explains how U.S. citizens of Cuban descent are once again free to travel to Cuba and send an unlimited amount of money to their relatives on the island, but for the most part U.S. policy toward the communist nation hasn't changed under President Barack Obama.

September 18, 2009: Huella Yanqui
By Peter Hakim
Source: Caretas
Sostiene que las bases militares en Colombia no son gran cosa y critica al gobierno de Obama por no hablar con transparencia sobre este tema.

September 17, 2009: Mirando al futuro en Honduras, Encontrar una salida en el laberinto
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
El proceso político hondureño después del golpe ha entrado en otra etapa que afectará su futuro en el largo plazo ya no solamente en relación con una solución a la situación política actual. Las opciones de resolución son limitadas y la disposición de negociar también está estancada entre el ego de los líderes políticos y la falta de dirección y presión internacional.

September 16, 2009: How Well is Obama Handling Latin American Issues?
By Peter Hakim
The Obama administration is on the right track in Latin America. With the notable exception of trade matters, the administration's policy statements and decisions have mostly been welcomed in Latin America, and the president himself is well regarded by the region's leaders and ordinary citizens

September 15, 2009: Closing Address at XIII Annual CAF Conference
By Secretary General José Miguel Insulza
The closing address by Secretary General of the Organization of American States José Miguel Insulza at the XIII Annual Andean Development Corporation (CAF) Conference on Trade in the Americas, jointly sponsored by CAF, the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States.

September 15, 2009: The Least Among Us
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Foreign Policy
Last Wednesday night, when South Carolina Rep. Joe Wilson shouted "You lie!" when U.S. President Barack Obama said that his health-care plan would not extend to undocumented immigrants, he revived a controversial political issue that, though always simmering in the background, has recently been overshadowed by debates over the state of the economy and Obama's response to the recession. One hopes that the president will use this ugly incident as one of his famous "teachable moments," for if any group has suffered disproportionately during this economic crisis, it's the millions of migrants who do tend to American laws, serve American food, and care for American children. And governments in their home countries and the United States must do more to protect them.

September 15, 2009: Europe’s Cuba Problem: The Limits of Constructive Engagement
By Daniel P. Erikson
In recent years, the European Union and the United States have attempted to paper over their deep policy and political differences regarding Cuba with the assertion that both Washington and Brussels share the same policy goal—a democratic transition in Cuba—and therefore the only disagreement is over whether that objective is best achieved through the engagement favored by Europe or the isolation promoted by the United States.

September 14, 2009: Political Ramifications of the Economic Crisis (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Américas Magazine
The longer and deeper the economic crisis, the greater the prospects of drastic, far-reaching political changes in Latin America and elsewhere. Unsettled, erratic politics are the inevitable consequences of plummeting economies, rising joblessness, declining middle class incomes, expanding poverty and destitution, and multiple cutbacks in public services--all of which are now forecast for the region. As in the past, government authorities will become targets of public anger and recrimination, and politics will likely become more polarized and combative.

September 14, 2009: Ramificaciones Políticas de la Crisis Económica (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Américas Magazine
Cuanto mas prolongada y profunda sea la crisis económica, mayores serán las perspectivas de cambios políticos drásticos y profundos en América Latina y el resto del mundo. La aplicación de políticas erráticas e indecisas es la consecuencia inevitable de la caída de las economías, el creciente desempleo, la disminución de los ingresos de la clase media, el aumento de la pobreza y los cortes en los servicios públicos, efectos que ahora se pronostican en la región. Como en el pasado, las autoridades se convertirán en el blanco de las críticas y recriminaciones del público, y las políticas probablemente resulten más polarizadas y combativas.

September 14, 2009: Mesa: US-Bolivia Relations Depend on New Partner to Fight Drugs
By Matthew Schewel
Repairing the fractured relationship between the United States and Bolivia will likely hinge on finding a new partner to supplant US anti-drug efforts in the South American nation, former Bolivian President Carlos Mesa said last week.

September 14, 2009: Bênção e maldição de Kennedy (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Hoje, Obama tenta enfrentar uma ampla gama de problemas de importância crítica nos EUA, entre eles a economia cambaleante, as reformas no sistema de saúde e as guerras estrangeiras no Afeganistão e Iraque. Conforme o brilho da mística de Kennedy começa a mostrar seus limites, esperamos que a presidência de Obama se mostre mais duradoura e bem-sucedida para que ele seja capaz de criar a própria magia.

September 11, 2009: VIDEO: Keynote Speech at CAF Conference
By Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana
U.S. Sen. Dick Lugar made the following remarks at the XIII Annual Andean Development Corporation (CAF) Conference on Trade in the Americas, jointly sponsored by CAF, the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States.

September 10, 2009: Immigrant parishes flourish in Miami
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Miami is an immigrant city. Heartland Americans often come here full of excitement. “So near and yet so foreign,'' said a 1940s promotion by the Cuban Tourist Commission to attract American tourists. Not a bad motto for today's Miami.

September 10, 2009: Keynote Speech to the XIII Annual Andean Development Corporation Conference on Trade in the Americas
By Senator Richard Lugar
Source: CAF Conference
Keynote speech by Senator Richard Lugar delivered during the opening session on the second day of the XIII Annual CAF Conference in Washington DC. OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza introduced the Senator.

September 8, 2009: Another Chance for U.S. Policy in the Americas (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: U.S. Naval War College
The election of Barack Obama was enthusiastically welcomed throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The choice of an African American leader committed to universal values revealed the vitality of U.S. democracy to many in the region who had become skeptical. By their spirited reaction to the new president, Latin Americans have made clear that they want a better relationship with the United States, but they also want Washington to approach the region differently.

September 6, 2009: The war on drugs has failed. Now we need a more humane strategy
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: The Observer (UK)
Latin America remains the world's largest exporter of cocaine and marijuana. Now, we need a new, global approach to this problem.

September 4, 2009: El sueño pre-sal de Lula
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Ha pasado más de un año desde que el gobierno brasileño empezó a considerar la posibilidad de cambiar la legislación que regula la actividad del sector de los hidrocarburos en Brasil, algo que ha provocado el escepticismo de la industria internacional del petróleo. Varios factores han contribuido a que el gobierno de Lula estudiase establecer un nuevo marco regulatorio para el petróleo y el gas que aprovechase mejor los recursos naturales del país y contribuyera verdaderamente al desarrollo del país, a veces llamado "la eterna promesa futura".

September 3, 2009: América Latina: Visión Política de la Región y el Papel de los Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: ANALDEX Congreso Nacional de Exportadores
Michael Shifter dio este discurso ante el Congreso Nacional de Exportadores, organizado por la Asociación Nacional de Comercio Exterior (ANALDEX) de Colombia, en Bogotá, 3 de septiembre de 2009.

September 1, 2009: A dificil paz
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

August 29, 2009: A Missed Opportunity to Discuss Pressing Issues
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

August 29, 2009: Se desaprovechó una oportunidad para debatir temas de fondo
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter analyzes the aftermath-- and the missed opportunities-- of the UNASUR conference in Argentina.

August 28, 2009: Will Brazil's New Natural Gas Law Stimulate Investment? (PDF)
By Energy Advisor Staff
Earlier this year, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed a new natural gas law that aims to better regulate the industry, stimulate domestic production and spur investment in natural gas infrastructure. What will be the biggest changes in the new regulatory regime and is the law likely to have its intended effect?

August 28, 2009: Outrage over U.S. policy in Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Russia Today
Russia Today's Dina Gusovsky speaks to Michael Shifter live in the studio about the implications of the base deal between the U.S. and Colombia

August 28, 2009: US-Colombia Military Deal: Latin American presidents holding emergency meeting
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: BBC World News
Michael Shifter appeared on BBC World News in advance of the emergency UNASUR summit to discuss what could be expected and analyze the politics at play.

August 27, 2009: Expectations for the UNASUR Summit
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo

August 27, 2009: The Meaning of Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
Across the political spectrum, the Honduran crisis is viewed as a critical test for the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Inter-American Democratic Charter. It has also become a measuring rod for the hemisphere’s commitment to democracy and a challenge to the Obama administration’s efforts to pursue a more cooperative, multilateral policy in Latin America.

August 27, 2009: Las paradojas de un golpe (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
La crisis en Honduras es vista como una prueba para la OEA y la Carta Democrática Interamericana. También se ha convertido en una medida del compromiso hemisférico con la democracia y un desafío para el gobierno de Barack Obama de lograr una política más cooperativa y multilateral en América Latina.

August 27, 2009: Let people decide future, sooner not later
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It's been two months since the coup in Honduras. The Arias plan -- issued by the Costa Rican president -- calls for Manuel Zelaya's return with diminished powers and an amnesty for all parties in the events before June 28 and since then. Hondurans and foreigners brandish powerful legal arguments to justify the ``presidential succession'' or Zelaya as the ``legitimate president.''

August 27, 2009: Expectativas de la cumbre
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
In this Op/Ed for El Tiempo, Michael Shifter examines the regional dynamics in the dispute over the base-sharing deal between Colombia and the United States.

August 25, 2009: Guatemala, violencia política e impunidad
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
This review of Francisco Goldman's new book El arte del asesinato político. ¿Quién mató al obispo? looks at political violence and justice in Guatemala throughout the past decades.

August 24, 2009: Data Paints Troublesome Picture for Latin American Growth
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin America Advisor
The lesson, unfortunately, is that the region has done its homework on macro-management, as the current crisis shows. However, if Latin America wants to prosper, we need to make much more intense efforts to solve our secular problems, and break away from our "middle-income trap."

August 24, 2009: Obama's Honduras Problem
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
After the June ousting of President José Manuel Zelaya, Honduras has become a test of the Obama administration's posture toward the whole of Latin America.

August 19, 2009: Liderazgo Político y Gobernabilidad Democrática en América Latina y Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: “Los Desafíos de la Democracia en América Latina”
Michael Shifter dio este discurso ante el Foro Internacional “Los Desafíos de la Democracia en América Latina,” organizado por la Corporación Escuela Galán en Bogotá, 19 de agosto de 2009.

August 14, 2009: Ecuador Envoy Calls for Greater Efficiency in Country's Oil Sector
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Energy Advisor
Ecuador's ambassador to the United States called for boosting the efficiency of the country's oil sector and touted Ecuador's potential to supply large Asian markets, even as private investors continue to raise concerns about the country's investment climate.

August 12, 2009: Envoy Says US Military Plan May Embolden Colombian Forces
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Latin America Advisor
A greater US military presence in Colombia would likely increase chances the South American nation would launch a "pre-emptive" attack on a neighboring country, creating a "rupture of the whole inter-American system," Ecuador's ambassador said in an interview with the Advisor.

August 12, 2009: U.S. Investigates Purchase of Petroleum Products from Mexico
By Interview with Matthew Schewel
Source: Clean Skies TV,
The US and Mexican government has been investigating the purchase of millions of dollars worth of petroleum products by US companies, officials say were stolen from Mexican oil company Pemex.

August 9, 2009: E.U. debió tener la delicadeza de hablar con Lula sobre las bases
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Opina que fue una falta de cortesía, no solo de Colombia, sino de E.U., no informar a los vecinos antes, lo que ha capitalizado a su favor Hugo Chávez.

August 4, 2009: Is Brazil's Lula Taking the Right Approach With Iran?
By Peter Hakim and Donna Hrinak
Brazil has been increasing trade ties with Iran, and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva recognized Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the victor in Iran's disputed presidential elections. Is the Lula administration taking the right tack on Iran?

August 3, 2009: Honduras and the OAS
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
After more than a than a month, the political crisis in Honduras is unresolved, and may be getting worse. The two sides have become increasingly entrenched and polarized in their positions.

August 3, 2009: El golpe hondureño a la OEA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía

August 2, 2009: A Cuba pós-Fidel (PDF)
By Flávia Carbonari
Source: Valor
A transição cubana mostra que as bases do regime castrista vão além de seu personagem principal e que as mudanças não poderão ser guiadas pelos EUA.

August 2, 2009: Os limites da tolerância
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

July 30, 2009: End coup stalemate
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
I don't know what else to call it. If a president is awakened by soldiers pointing their weapons in his face, what is it if not a coup? Still, Manuel Zelaya's removal on June 28 can't be treated as if it were a return to the 1970s when brutal coups established military governments, banned political parties and perpetrated massive human-rights violations.

July 28, 2009: ¿Se Arma Una Bomba Regional? (PDF)
By La Vanguardia
Source: Vanguardia
¿Una bomba se fabrica en América Latina? Según este artículo, hay señales inequívocas de que algunos conflictos entre países en la región se avivan.

July 22, 2009: How Well is the OAS Handling the Coup in Honduras? (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
The OAS is the only institution with the mandate and legitimacy to respond to constitutional violations in the hemisphere. The Inter- American Democratic Charter is clear on this point, as are previous OAS resolutions on the collective defense of democracy. To act without agreement of national authorities, however, the OAS needs the consensus of it members. In Honduras, the OAS appropriately sought to carry out a unanimous decision of its members—to condemn the coup against President Zelaya, regard him as the legitimate president, and restore him to office. It was expected, erroneously, that the coup could be swiftly reversed.

July 22, 2009: How Well is the OAS Handling the Coup in Honduras?
By Latin America Advisor Staff
The Organization of American States has taken center stage in the international community’s response to the coup in Honduras. Has the OAS acted appropriately to date? What are its strengths and weaknesses in responding to situations like the one in Honduras, and what needs to change at the OAS to make it better? Where else in the region could similar situations to the Honduras coup emerge? Is the OAS the best mechanism for maintaining the peace and stability necessary for economic growth in the region's most fragile democracies?

July 22, 2009: Brazil's Rousseff Makes Push for Biofuels, Trade in Washington Visit
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite lingering uncertainties in the commercial relationship between the US and Brazil—including a US tariff on Brazilian ethanol imports and slow movement on bilateral tax and investment treaties—the two largest economies in the Americas are initiating a strategic partnership, top officials from both governments said Tuesday.

July 22, 2009: The Myths and Costs of the Cuban Revolution
By Eusebio Mujal-León
Source: Americas Quarterly
The Cuba Wars thoroughly and perceptively analyzes the events of the past 20 years, examining both the evolution of U.S. policy toward Cuba and the implementation of the regime’s “survival” strategy.

July 21, 2009: Planning for the Worst in Honduras
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Dark clouds are gathering over negotiations on Honduras' future, and the balancing act is about to get harder. The Obama administration must now show its commitment to democracy, work with Latin American neighbors, and simultaneously push for a pragmatic solution that muffles any impending instability.

July 20, 2009: A Powerful Grip
By Michael Shifter
Source: America
Brian A. Nelson’s The Silence and the Scorpion is a refreshingly impartial and objective account of the coup of April 11, 2002, in which Hugo Chávez's government was deposed. Nelson uses this seminal event as an instructive vehicle to capture the rancor and mistrust among Venezuelans.

July 19, 2009: A Good Start
By Peter Hakim
Source: La Nacion
During his first six months in office, President Obama—who brought limited international experience to the White House—has done an admirable job of clarifying the directions he wants to take US foreign policy and setting out the guiding framework for his management of world affairs. Progress toward those goals is still very modest, however. Obama has introduced only minor changes to the bulk of the Bush Administration’s policies. Three critical obstacles stand in the way of his global agenda.

July 19, 2009: La verdadera prueba está aún por venir
By Peter Hakim
Source: La Nacion
Durante sus primeros seis meses de gobierno, el presidente Obama -quien llegó a la Casa Blanca con escasa experiencia internacional- ha tenido éxito en la encomiable tarea de clarificar la dirección hacia la que pretende encauzar la política exterior de los Estados Unidos y de establecer el marco de trabajo que sirva como directriz de su manejo de los asuntos internacionales. Sin embargo, los avances son todavía muy modestos.

July 14, 2009: Honduras highlights OAS limitations
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Oxford Analytica
President Manuel Zelaya's forcible ouster prompted strong regional and international censure. Displaying the characteristics of a classic military coup, the expulsion particularly touched a nerve in those Latin American countries that have suffered from military rule in the past. The evolving circumstances pose a critical test for the Obama administration and the OAS.

July 14, 2009: Restoring Democratic Rule in Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
No one—or at least no one outside of Honduras—seemed to think it would be very hard to reverse that country’s recent military coup that sent President Manuel Zelaya into exile. Every Western Hemisphere government (and governments worldwide) swiftly condemned the coup, and called for Zelaya’s immediate return to power. How could Honduras, one of Latin America’s smallest and poorest countries, resist? The US, which joined the anti-coup consensus, was supposed to be particularly influential with the Honduran military and the new, de facto government.

July 14, 2009: Recuperar la democracia en Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
(Especial para Infolatam).- "...Por último, no cabe duda de que revertir un golpe de Estado y restituir a un gobernante elegido democráticamente es un objetivo importante y de principio. Pero no puede ser el único objetivo. Debe ser equilibrado contra otros objetivos tales como evitar el derramamiento de sangre y la moderación de las tensiones políticas y la polarización que pueden socavar las perspectivas de más largo plazo para la democracia y la paz social".

July 13, 2009: Opposition To Or Engagement With Latin American Leftists?
By Michael Shifter
Source: National Journal Online
The Obama administration’s response to the Honduras crisis not only reflected a principled stand, but also helped neutralize Chavez’s role and influence in pursuing a solution.

July 12, 2009: La crisis que se avecina en Centro América
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Si la democracia fue como una ola que reventó en Centro América a mediados de los 80s, dejó más de unas cuantas burbujas de autoritarismo detrás. A como lo confirman recientes temblores, las transiciones de dictadura a democracia en la región quedaron interrumpidas o incompletas. Ahora, un golpe en Honduras, el fraude electoral en Nicaragua y los asesinatos en Guatemala son sólo unas cuantas señales de los problemas que se avecinan.

July 8, 2009: LOS PITIYANQUIS
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual
Lo que nos faltaba por ver en este continente bananero es a Hugo Chávez y a Manuel Zelaya pidiendo, casi rogando, la intervención del imperio en Honduras. Por una vez en su larga carrera de desafueros contra su "patio trasero", el imperio se comporta con discreción y prudencia, se desmarca del único golpe militar latinoamericano que no ha machineado y hete aquí que el "antiimperialista" Chacumbele exige que el imperio meta sus patotas en Honduras.

July 7, 2009: Flawed Credit Ratings In Latin America
By Claudio Loser
Source: Forbes
Rating agencies' practices have been subject to scrutiny and open criticism since the onset of the financial crisis. The agencies have lost credibility in reaction to their poor performance in assessing financial markets risks throughout the current crisis, their poor timing, particularly ahead of a crisis, and a lack of transparency in assessing emerging market risk in the past.

July 7, 2009: Miedo a la mayoría silenciosa
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El pasado 24 de junio, cinco disidentes cubanos recibieron el Premio a la Democracia que la Fundación Nacional para la Democracia (NED) otorga cada año. José Daniel Ferrer, Iván Hernández y Librado Linares están purgando largas condenas en prisión por su oposición pacífica. Sentenciado a 17 años de cárcel, Jorge Luis García, conocido como Antúnez, fue liberado en 2007. Él y su esposa, Iris Tamara Pérez, también galardonada, se hallan actualmente bajo un virtual arresto domiciliario.

July 7, 2009: Zelaya's point of no return
By Michael Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
As Honduras enters its second week of political crisis, the international community is beginning to take a second look at the murky circumstances under which the Honduran president Manuel Zelaya was removed from office and exiled from the country on June 28.

July 6, 2009: Central America's Coming Crisis, Honduras is just the beginning
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Foreign Policy
If democracy hit Central America like a wave in the mid-1980s, it was one that left more than a few bubbles of authoritarianism behind. As recent turmoil confirms, the region's transitions from dictatorship to democracy were interrupted or left incomplete. Now, a coup in Honduras, electoral fraud in Nicaragua, and assassinations in Guatemala are just a few signs of trouble ahead.

July 5, 2009: O Pós-Real
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Por mais que o governo atual tenha se omitido em rememorar os quinze anos do Real e que o temor da inflação esteja distante do cotidiano das pessoas, muita gente escreveu nas páginas econômicas dos jornais sobre o significado do controle da inflação desde os “longínquos” tempos de 1994. Não cabe, portanto, voltar ao tema.

July 5, 2009: Alta Voz
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Hay mucha hipocresía y doble juego de los políticos que se aprovechan de la situación en Honduras.

July 3, 2009: Golpe por Golpe
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
Las alianzas del presente y el futuro de América Latina con EEUU deberían tener que ver no con la obsecuencia del discurso.

July 2, 2009: Regime fears silent majority
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On June 24, five Cuban dissidents received the annual Democracy Award given by the National Endowment for Democracy. José Daniel Ferrer, Iván Hernández and Librado Linares are serving long prison terms for their peaceful opposition. Imprisoned for 17 years, Jorge Luis García, known as Antúnez, was released in 2007. He and wife Iris Tamara Pérez, a fellow awardee, are under virtual house arrest.

July 1, 2009: The Coup in Honduras: Can the Obama Administration’s Promising Start in the Americas be Sustained?
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Reforma (Mexico)
The military coup against President Manuel Zelaya in Honduras provides an early test of the Obama administration’s commitment to its new approach in the Americas, committed to multilateralism and cooperation with Latin American partners.

June 30, 2009: La Política Exterior del Presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
By Michael Shifter
Source: Primera Reunión de Embajadores del Perú Acreditados en el Exterior
Michael Shifter dio este discurso en Lima, Perú el 30 de junio 2009.

June 28, 2009: Problemas na vizinhança
By Sergio Fausto
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A intervenção do Evo Morales na rebelião na Amazônia peruana motivada pelo tratado de libre comércio com os Estados Unidos, foi ao mesmo tempo polêmica, e uma demonstração do seus intereses de ser simultaneamente chefe de Estado e líder de um movimento étnico-social transfronteiriço. A crescente concentração de poder do Morales poderá representar um problema para a região et um grande teste para a liderança regional do Brasil.

June 26, 2009: Tiempos difíciles
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Rara vez la política es aburrida. Los países de Centroamérica —Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua— están inmersos en cambios significativos. Es cierto que no todos necesariamente para bien, pero son cambios.

June 26, 2009: Ecuador's Correa Confronts Teachers With Job Evaluations
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Acting decidedly right-of-center, Ecuador's leftist President Rafael Correa has embarked on a major confrontation with the National Union of Educators (UNE), the country's largest teacher's union, over the first-ever round of teacher evaluations. The assessments are part of a package of reforms that Ecuador's Ministry of Education announced earlier this year. Teachers who do well on their evaluations will get a salary bonus during each of the next four years. However, those who do poorly two years in a row (and after additional training) will lose their jobs.

June 25, 2009: The Economy's Effects on the Ballot Box in Argentina, Mexico
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Argentina and Mexico will have congressional elections over the next several days. Both countries have been hit by the international economic crisis, and have serious political and social ills that do not bode well for the incumbent parties—the rightist PAN in Mexico, and the populist-leftist Kirchner wing of the Peronist movement in Argentina.

June 19, 2009: ¿Nueva política de Estado?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
Es hora de que desde el nivel oficial se asuma en serio que la gobernabilidad no consiste en "diktats" que emanan del poder.

June 18, 2009: La relación E.U.-Colombia en vísperas del viaje de Uribe a Washington
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Silla Vacía
En vísperas del viaje de Uribe a Washington, Adam Isacson y Michael Shifter discuten sobre la relación E.U.-Colombia.

June 18, 2009: Nations are in for a bumpy ride
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is hardly ever boring. Central American countries -- Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua -- are experiencing significant changes. Granted, these aren't necessarily for the better -- but still.

June 18, 2009: Para especialista, cresce a percepção sobre a importância da Educação na América Latina
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Você Sabia by Todos Pela Educação

June 18, 2009: To Specialist, Perceived Importance of Education is Increasing in Latin America
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Você Sabia by Todos Pela Educação

June 11, 2009: Un reto para Raúl
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Cuba no está de vuelta. El 3 de junio, la Asamblea General de la OEA revocó la resolución de 1962 que había excluido a La Habana de sus filas. Estableció, también, una vía para su reintegración: el régimen deberá tomar la iniciativa y establecer un diálogo que se realizaría según "las prácticas, los propósitos y los principios" de la OEA.

June 11, 2009: Latin America Policy during Obama's First 100 Days
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: U.S. State Department
Michael Shifter of the Inter-American Dialogue participated in a State Department teleconference on US policy towards Latin America during President Obama's first 100 days in office.

June 10, 2009: Should the United States Curb the Use of Caribbean Tax Havens? (PDF)
By Financial Services Advisor
The Obama administration said last month that it plans to raise $210 billion in revenues over the next 10 years by curbing corporate and individual use of so-called "offshore tax havens," and has lent its support to several bills in the US Congress aimed at stopping tax shelter abuses. Caribbean countries have rejected such efforts, arguing that they unfairly target small economies heavily dependent on financial services and tourism. Is the recent emphasis on limiting the use of offshore financial centers correctly placed?

June 8, 2009: A.L. y EE.UU. “ganaron” en la OEA
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Washington y La Habana continuarán buscando una relación bilateral más abierta. Hay una creciente preocupación en EE.UU. por la situación política de Nicaragua. Decisión sobre Cuenta del Milenio este miércoles: un dilema difícil para Obama.

June 6, 2009: En Sintonía
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Cambios profundos en política de E.U.

June 6, 2009: In Tune: Profound Changes in US Politics
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
If any more proof were needed, Barack Obama’s nomination of Sonia Sotomayor, a New York federal appeals court judge of Puerto Rican descent, as a justice on the United States Supreme Court confirms how American attitudes toward partisanship and race have fundamentally changed in recent years.

June 5, 2009: Raúl won't face OAS challenge
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba isn't back. On Wednesday, the OAS General Assembly repealed the 1962 resolution that had excluded the Cuban government from its ranks. It also established a path for reintegration: Havana needs to take the initiative and open a dialogue that would be conducted according to OAS "practices, purposes and principles.''

June 5, 2009: Liquidando un fantasma
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
En la resolución sobre Cuba hay muchos actores importantes, pero dos que son fundamentales: Insulza y los EEUU.

June 3, 2009: Nicaragua After the Electoral Fraud: The Future Outlook (PDF)
By Carlos F. Chamorro
Remarks on politics in Nicaragua given at Inter-American Dialogue event on June 3, 2009.

June 3, 2009: Nicaragua después del fraude electoral: perspectivas futuras (PDF)
By Carlos F. Chamorro
Ponencia presentada ante el Dialogo Interamericano, 3 de Junio 2009.

June 3, 2009: Muchos sectores de E.U. 'querrán alejarse de la OEA': Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
El Tiempo entrevistó en Washington a Shifter para conocer sus impresiones sobre la derogación de la resolución que expulsaba de la OEA a la isla.

June 2, 2009: Cuba and the OAS
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
There is a tension between two worthy, but apparently competing goals—stronger multilateralism and stronger defense of democracy. Shouldn’t the overwhelming majority of countries be able to override US objections to bring Cuba back into the OAS? Or should democratic values trump multilateral decision making, requiring that the OAS remain a community of democracies?

June 2, 2009: Cuba y la OEA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Por el momento, lo mejor para los estados miembros de la OEA no sólo sería retrasar cualquier decisión sobre el regreso de Cuba, sino también llegar a un acuerdo sobre una hoja de ruta para examinar la situación de Cuba en la próxima Asamblea General en 2010.

June 1, 2009: Mudança Climática: decisão já!
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A profundidade da crise financeira global foi tão grande que tem sido quase imperativo concentrar as atenções em suas conseqüências. Mas há crises mais sérias e de conseqüências mais duradouras. Tudo somado, a economia brasileira está se saindo melhor em comparação não só com os países ricos, mas também com os emergentes. O mesmo não se pode dizer sobre a crise prenunciada pelo aquecimento global: ainda são muito tímidas as medidas tomadas para contê-lo, seja no exterior, seja no Brasil.

June 1, 2009: How Much Danger Does Mexico Face in This Turbulent Time?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Mexican Finance Minister Agustin Carstens recently announced that gross domestic product will decline by more than 5 percent in 2009. Only a few weeks ago, in a recent paper on the subject, I suggested that GDP might decline by up to 3 percent. The worsening performance of the Mexican economy is a matter of concern even as the International Monetary Fund is providing the most significant support package granted in recent times and rating agencies have not yet modified Mexico's rating.

June 1, 2009: Review of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution"
By Russell Crandall and Marshall Worsham
Source: Survival, vol. 51, no. 3
Erikson's conclusion that change in Cuba will come slowly is hardly new. When no democratic wave had swept the island after Raul Castro's first 100 days in office, it became clear that the new regime was more of the same, perhaps in part because Fidel Castro was still in the picture. What The Cuba Wars does contribute is a level of detail and even-handed critical analysis that is much needed in Washington's Cuba-policy circles. Erikson's frequent appeals to the 'human side' of US-Cuban relations, even if they betray a less authoritative, journalistic urge in Erikson's writing, help create a stimulating and refreshing narrative. This, combined with Erikson's elegant prose and meticulous investigation, should make The Cuba Wars a go-to book for policymakers and analysts dealing with a relationship that has been, and will likely continue to be, exasperatingly turbulent.

May 29, 2009: Mover piezas más allá de Fidel
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
¿Ha vuelto el Comandante a tomar las riendas? Sí, se podría decir. Sin embargo, ésa es la respuesta más simple y obvia, y la política cubana no es ni lo uno ni lo otro.

May 27, 2009: Caribbean Diplomats Blast US Plan to Crack Down on Tax Havens
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Financial Services Advisor
New regulatory measures proposed by US President Barack Obama and currently being debated in the US Congress would make Caribbean offshore financial centers "collateral damage" in the battle for stricter regulation of the world financial system, diplomats from several Caribbean countries said Wednesday.

May 27, 2009: China's Strategy toward Central America: The Costa Rican Nexus
By Daniel Erikson
Source: Jamestown Foundation China Brief, Vol. 9, Iss. 11
Latin America is half a world away from the decades-long conflict simmering in the Taiwan Strait, but the diplomatic tussle between Taiwan and China remains a red-hot issue in the Caribbean and Central America. Beijing rigorously promotes its “One China” policy, which means that non-recognition of the Taiwanese government is a prerequisite for conducting formal diplomatic relations with the PRC—in effect forcing other governments to choose between Beijing and Taipei. Although each of the Latin American countries involved in this geopolitical chess match have little individual clout, together they make up the most significant group of states caught in the cross-Strait tug-of-war, representing 12 of the 23 countries that recognize Taiwan.

May 24, 2009: Venezuela e Cuba: simbiose com dias contados?
By Sergio Fausto
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo

May 21, 2009: Moving beyond Fidel
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Is the Comandante back in the saddle? Yes, most say. Yet, that's also the easiest and simplest answer when Cuban politics is neither. Fidel Castro has never been first among equals. His photograph always appeared larger than anyone else's in the Cuban Communist Party's politburo. In the mid-1990s, Castro halted modest economic openings and later launched a recentralization. Though many in the leadership likely disagreed, acquiescence was their only choice.

May 15, 2009: Atajar el antagonismo perpetuo
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
"Es como si te invitaran a cenar, llegaras, y los que te invitaron están medio borrachos y tirándose botellas unos a otros". Esta fue la descripción que Bill Clinton diera a The Economist sobre las relaciones entre EE UU y Cuba, al inicio de su segundo mandato presidencial.

May 13, 2009: Report: Remittances to Latin America Will Fall 7 Percent This Year
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Financial Services Advisor
Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean will fall by 7 percent this year, totaling $64 billion, as the global economic downturn curtails the demand for labor in developed markets, according to a study released May 8 by the Inter-American Dialogue. While a single-digit drop might seem relatively small as some countries face declining exports of up to 25 percent, it's something that policy makers cannot afford to ignore, Manuel Orozco, author of the report, told reporters in a press briefing.

May 8, 2009: Alo, ¿Cuba?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
El gobierno cubano, por su parte, ha expresado que está dispuesto a hablar sobre el tema de la democracia.

May 7, 2009: Tackling 'perpetual antagonism'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
"It's like we invited you over for dinner, you walked in and the people that invited you were half drunk and throwing bottles at each other.'' That's Bill Clinton's description of the U.S.-Cuba relationship to The Economist early in his second term.

May 5, 2009: Latin America's Other Outbreak: The Political Fallout of Argentina's Dengue Fever Epidemic
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy Online
Mexico's swine flu outbreak has captured the world's attention over the past two weeks. But Latin America's other, less-noticed epidemic is not only more severe, but may have more serious consequences for the government struggling to control it.

May 4, 2009: President Obama and Latin America: Next Steps
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: The Miami Herald
Among the important accomplishments by President Barack Obama in his first one hundred days has been a major step forward in U.S. relations with our neighbors in Latin America and the Caribbean.

May 3, 2009: Um novo enredo
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Globo (Rio de Janeiro)
De vez em quando, a História prega uma peça a seus principais protagonistas. Mas também às vezes, alguns desses são capazes de reescrever o enredo para sair da entalada. Até agora, tem sido o caso de Barack Obama. No começo de sua corrida para a Casa Branca poucos apostavam nele. Vitorioso, ele entrou em cena como um César negro, cheio de ânimo e de promessas. Mas o cenário e o script não poderiam ter sido piores: recebeu a herança de Bush, , com suas guerras, arrogâncias e déficits fiscais e, ainda por cima, elegeu-se em meio à voragem de uma crise financeira global.

May 1, 2009: Siete pasos para mejorar las relaciones Estados Unidos - Colombia (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Perspectiva (Colombia)
Cualesquier políticas y programas que involucren a Colombia se deben llevar a cabo con gran respeto y sensibilidad, en consulta estrecha y en concierto con actores nacionales claves.

May 1, 2009: De Kennedy a Obama
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País (Spain)
Estados Unidos busca un nuevo comienzo con Cuba", dijo Barack Obama en la reciente Cumbre de las Américas. "Sé que hay una jornada larga que recorrer para superar décadas de desconfianza", añadió.

April 29, 2009: Behind the Embargo
By Michelle Collins
Source: Embassy
In The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution, author Daniel P. Erikson delves into the long and twisted political relationship between the United States and Cuba, both past and present. Through personal travels and interviews, Mr. Erikson explores the factors that continue to hinder peace, 50 years since the Cuban Revolution, and how the U.S. might react when its 82-year-old leader, Fidel Castro, dies.

April 27, 2009: Atmospherics Dominate Cordial Summit
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Oxford Analytica
US President Barack Obama was the undisputed centre of attention at his first meeting with hemispheric leaders, and it is clear that he enjoys a significant reserve of goodwill. This obscured differences during the Summit and created an opportunity for cooperation impossible under the previous US administration.

April 26, 2009: Beyond the Trinidad Summit
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Jornal do Brasil
President Barack Obama accomplished his immediate objectives at the Summit of the Americas. To build on the momentum of the Trinidad Summit, the Administration should follow up expeditiously on the main approaches that resonated in Port of Spain.

April 23, 2009: How Much of the G-20's Gift Will Go to Latin America?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Not much has been written about the amounts of money Latin America and the Caribbean can expect to get. The answer to this is both positive and negative. The region's prospects for financing seem good, but the money will be available over several years, and will not fully offset the loss of private flows. The region could have the potential to obtain $180 billion in loans, or about 5 percent of the region's GDP.

April 23, 2009: Obama and Chávez: Energy Partners?
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul J. Wander
Source: Journal of Energy Security
The US and Venezuela are likely to remain embroiled in an unfriendly but effective partnership based on strong northward trade flows of oil and other resources and southward flows of hard currency in the short term. While both sides have complained that the other is not the ideal trading partner, pragmatism trumped political rhetoric during the Bush administration, and Obama is unlikely to be much different in this regard. Still, competition for Latin America’s energy supplies will undoubtedly intensify at a time when many nations are seeking to exercise greater control over their oil and gas reserves. US policymakers need to be vigilant and proactive. The long-term outlook for US energy security will improve if they can fashion a compelling response to the new dynamic created by America’s falling economic power and Latin America’s resurgent nationalism. As with all previous US and Venezuelan administrations before them, Obama and Chavez are fated to be energy partners.

April 22, 2009: Peter Hakim's Guest Entry on Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: National Journal
Washington’s 50-year-old policy of isolating and sanctioning Cuba has never accomplished much. Today, it is an anachronism that serves mainly to isolate the United States from the rest of the hemisphere.

April 21, 2009: Después de la Cumbre
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
En estas cinco semanas, la Administración de Obama ha adoptado algunas medidas en relación con casi todos y cada uno de los temas del programa. Los pasos actuales no han sido especialmente dramáticos, de hecho, la mayoría de ellos son muy modestos. Pero, además de varias cuestiones relacionadas con el comercio, todos llevan la política de EE.UU. en la dirección correcta y han sido bien recibidos en toda América Latina (aunque con algunas críticas al ritmo y el alcance de los cambios). He aquí un resumen de lo que ha ocurrido.

April 20, 2009: After the Summit
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
In the intervening five weeks, the Obama Administration has taken some action on nearly every one of the agenda items recommended in the Dialogue's 2009 policy report. The actual steps have not been particularly dramatic; in fact, most of them are very modest. But, aside from several crucial trade-related issues, they all move U.S. policy in the right direction and have been welcomed across Latin America (although with some criticism of the pace and scope of change). Here is a summary of what has happened.

April 20, 2009: Al son del calipso
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual (Venezuela)
Por primera vez una reunión entre América Latina-Caribe y Estados Unidos no presenta tensiones relevantes ni termina en pura retórica sin consecuencias. Desde este punto de vista, la Cumbre de Trinidad debe mucho al modo como el gobierno de Obama la encaró y la preparó.

April 20, 2009: Después de la Cumbre
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
En estas cinco semanas, la Administración de Obama ha adoptado algunas medidas en relación con casi todos y cada uno de los temas del programa. Los pasos actuales no han sido especialmente dramáticos, de hecho, la mayoría de ellos son muy modestos. Pero, además de varias cuestiones relacionadas con el comercio, todos llevan la política de EE.UU. en la dirección correcta y han sido bien recibidos en toda América Latina (aunque con algunas críticas al ritmo y el alcance de los cambios). He aquí un resumen de lo que ha ocurrido.

April 18, 2009: Michael Shifter on the Summit of the Americas (Video)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: C-SPAN's Washington Journal
Michael Shifter discussed the Summit of the Americas and answered questions from callers on C-SPAN's Washington Journal program.

April 17, 2009: 'Obama está dispuesto a hablar con sus adversarios'
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Habrá un cambio con respecto a la administración de Bush. Obama es un presidente pragmático dispuesto a hablar con sus adversarios y a buscar maneras de cooperar. Pero no se puede esperar muchas políticas concretas muy drásticas, eso no sería realista.

April 17, 2009: Washington-La Habana: la hora de la verdad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
"Al gobierno cubano también le esperan tareas difíciles. Entablar una comunicación discreta con la Administración de Obama implica un toma y daca ineludible. Dada la nueva política sobre las remesas, ¿por qué no eliminar las cuotas impuestas a las remesas en dólares que perjudican a los cubanos que las reciben?"

April 16, 2009: Colombia's Alvaro Uribe -- Return of the South American Strongman?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
The Colombian president threatens to tarnish his nation's democratic traditions by jockeying for a third term.

April 14, 2009: ¿Qué destino le depara a la alianza?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la red
Los caminos de Cuba y Venezuela se han cruzado muchas veces. A principios de la década de los sesenta, La Habana respaldó a grupos armados contra gobiernos venezolanos democráticamente electos.

April 13, 2009: AL agora diz o que pensa
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Especialista em relações internacionais Peter Hakim crê que era Obama vai permitir a construção de agenda conjunta entre AL e EUA.

April 12, 2009: Victor Hugo Cárdenas
By Sergio Fausto
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Um archigo sobre o situação do ex-vice presidente da Bolívia, Victor Hugo Cárdenas.

April 9, 2009: What awaits the Cuba-Venezuela alliance?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba and Venezuela have often crossed paths. In the early 1960s, Havana abetted armed groups against democratically elected Venezuelan governments. Meddling in Venezuela's affairs, in part, determined Cuba's 1962 suspension from the Organization of American States. Caracas and Havana stood at irreconcilable odds afterward.

April 8, 2009: The Promise of Port of Spain
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
In light of Washington’s continued distraction with other issues and the refreshing temperament of the new US president, new opportunities are emerging. Unlike in the past, little stands in the way of open and honest discussions on even the most sensitive issues in the Americas.

April 8, 2009: Promesa de Puerto España
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
A la luz de las continuas distracciones de Washington con otros asuntos, y al temperamento refrescante del nuevo presidente, aparecen nuevas oportunidades. A diferencia del pasado, hay pocos obstáculos en el camino hacia una discusión abierta y honesta sobre los temas más sensibles del continente.

April 7, 2009: How to Judge the 2009 Summit (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: First Magazine
The Fifth Summit of the Americas, which will gather the Western Hemisphere’s 34 democratically elected leaders in Port of Spain on 17th April, is unlikely to be an exception. Its four predecessor meetings, starting in Miami in 1994, had two memorable achievements. One was the launching in Santiago, Chile in 1997 of negotiations for the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), an ambitious effort to integrate the hemisphere’s economies. The second was the agreement in Quebec City, Canada in 2001 to draft the Inter-American Democratic Charter, which was signed later that year in Lima.

April 5, 2009: Luz, afinal?
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
A reunião do G-20 em Londres está sendo saudada com alívio. Finalmente os líderes mundiais começam a acertar o passo.

April 3, 2009: Política, viajes y remesas
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Un cambio en la política de Estados Unidos hacia Cuba se aproxima. Cuánto demorará —si el presidente Barack Obama simplemente sigue la política del gobierno de Bill Clinton o decide romper el molde— aún no está claro.

April 2, 2009: Havana Holiday? Senate proposal to lift travel ban on Cuba
By Jon Scott
Source: Fox News

April 1, 2009: Las batallas de Obama (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
El comienzo de Obama no ha sido cualquier cosa. Todas las expectativas se han quedado cortas. Por algo el autor dice que ya está claro que habemus líder en Estados Unidos. La crisis es un mal punto de partida pero a la vez puede ser la oportunidad para el cambio prometido.

April 1, 2009: The Battles of Obama
By Michael Shifter
The economic crisis led to a poor start for the Obama administration, but it may turn out to be an opportunity to transform the country.

April 1, 2009: Hometown Associations: Transnationalism, Philanthropy, and Development (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Eugenia García-Zanello
Source: Brown Journal of World Affairs
Transnational migration and globalization have transformed the relationship between individuals and their surrounding communities, particularly between migrants, their homelands, and their host countries. In the context of this new transnationalism, new players have emerged, expanding the scope of international interaction. One such player is the hometown association (HTA) formed by immigrants seeking to support their places of origin, maintain relationships with local communities, and retain a sense of community as they adjust to life in their new home countries.

April 1, 2009: President Obama and the OAS (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Américas
What is unfortunately seldom asked is how Obama will deal with the inter-American system and, specifically, the Organization of American States. The fact is that it is hard to separate the specific policy challenges facing the United States in Latin America from those facing the hemisphere’s institutional architecture.

April 1, 2009: El Presidente Obama y la OEA (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Américas
Desafortunadamente pocas veces se plantea la forma en que Obama enfrentará el sistema interamericano, y específicamente la Organización de los Estados Americanos. Resulta difícil separar los desafíos específicos de política de los Estados Unidos de los que enfrenta la arquitectura institucional del hemisferio.

March 31, 2009: Cuba travel ban may be lifted
By Jim Acosta
Source: CNN
Daniel P. Erikson interviewed on CNN on the prospects for change in travel restrictions to Cuba.

March 30, 2009: "Obama será sensible al efecto de la crisis en Latinoamérica"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
En las reuniones con presidentes del continente que se realizarán en Trinidad y Tobago no se pueden esperar, por ahora, cambios radicales, según explica Michael Shifter, analista de prestigio, catedrático, periodista y consultor del Congreso. A su juicio Obama no divide el mundo en amigos y adversarios, no podrá avanzar en la posible reforma migratoria, aún busca entender los desafíos hemisféricos y oirá los planteos sobre Cuba. Por ahora el comercio no tendrá prioridad, pero dará especial atención a los efectos de la crisis.

March 28, 2009: El narco en la agenda bilateral
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal
México atrajo la atención de la administración Obama, aunque no de la manera en que a muchas personas les habría gustado. En las próximas semanas, el presidente Obama y tres miembros de su gabinete —Hillary Clinton, Eric Holder y Janet Napolitano— visitarán el Distrito Federal. Todos ellos tienen como objetivo primordial decidir qué hacer respecto del implacable aumento de la violencia y la delincuencia en nuestro vecino del sur y al tráfico masivo de drogas y armas que la promueven.

March 28, 2009: Violent Mexico
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal
In the next few weeks, President Obama and three US cabinet secretaries—Hillary Clinton, Eric Holder, and Janet Napolitano—will be paying visits Mexico City. All of them have the central purpose of figuring out what to do about the relentless surge of crime and violence now confronting our Southern neighbor, and the massive drug and arms trafficking that fuels it. The focus is correct. Besides the devastating impact on Mexico, this exceptionally brutal crime wave threatens the US in myriad ways. But, when they sit down with their Mexican counterparts, the US leaders must be clear about what it will take to restore law and order to Mexico.

March 26, 2009: Policy improving but could be better
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Change is coming in U.S. Cuba policy. How much -- whether the president will simply go back to the Clinton administration's or, instead, step outside the box -- is not yet clear. The recent Omnibus Appropriations Act inches along in the right direction but falls well short of what candidate Barack Obama promised last year: "I will immediately allow unlimited family travel and remittances to the island." Still, the act gives the administration breathing room to carry out a much-needed review of Cuba policy.

March 23, 2009: "Muchos cubanos quiren vivir en el pasado o en el futuro, no en el presente"
By Isabel Ferrer
Source: El Pais (Spain)
Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea tienen un objetivo común: normalizar sus relaciones con Cuba, pero tratan de alcanzarlo a ritmos diferentes. Según el politólogo estadounidense Daniel P. Erikson, miembro del centro independiente de pensamiento Inter-American Dialogue, Washington preferiría que el régimen de Raúl Castro se viniera abajo dando paso a una rápida transición democrática. La Europa comunitaria, mientras, busca un cambio gradual y respetuoso con las libertades democráticas. Para ambas potencias, el papel del exilio cubano a la hora de diseñar el futuro del país resultará inevitable, aunque, de nuevo, ponen énfasis distintos.

March 20, 2009: Daniel P. Erikson "Es el momento decisivo"
By Pablo Gámez-Cersosimo
Source: Radio Nederland
Cuba es la uva que todos quieren degustar. El ajetreo en América Latina de acercarse a La Habana evidencia un importante cambio de postura en el continente respecto del régimen de los Castro, en momentos en que Washington proyecta cambios estructurales de su política hacia la Isla.

March 19, 2009: Obama recibe a Lula en la Casa Blanca
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Los frutos del encuentro Obama-Lula son simbólicos de una relación renovada y una mayor disposición por ambas partes, aunque el contexto desastroso global limita las posibilidades reales de lograr a corto plazo grandes ventajas para Brasil. El inicio de un nuevo dialogo entre los dos países y nuevas vías de colaboración en el terreno de la energía no es nada despreciable, aunque algunos esperaban más.

March 17, 2009: Book Review of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution"
By Anita Snow
Source: Associated Press
This book should be required reading for officials reviewing Cuba policy for President Obama's new administration. Erikson, a Cuba specialist with the Inter-American Dialogue think tank in Washington, has written the most thorough, insightful and fair-handed account available about the relationship between the two countries over the past decade.

March 16, 2009: Panel on the Obama Administration and Latin America (Video)
By Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter was a featured speaker at an event in the Dominican Republic sponsored by FUNGLODE and attended by Dialogue member President Leonel Fernández.

March 12, 2009: Big Mac in the Americas: Cheaper, But Not Cheap
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
The Big Mac (The Economist's version) is back in this column after only a few months. However, many things have changed since September. This time, I want to review how the region's price competitiveness looks today, less than a year after the world financial crisis started.

March 11, 2009: Cambios ministeriales en Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
"Raúl ha ido ordenando el Estado cubano y eliminando las vías paralelas para la toma de decisiones que su hermano aupaba a expensas de las instituciones. Son pasitos pero pasos al fin. A todas luces, la economía es la primerísima prioridad."

March 11, 2009: Más que caminos trillados
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Con una relación estratégica, ambos países se beneficiarían de un proceso de consulta y cooperación. Aunque pocos países son tan importantes para Estados Unidos como lo es México, es muy poco probable que atraiga toda la atención del gobierno de Obama.

March 10, 2009: INFORME Diálogo Interamericano propone el intercambio de embajadores
By Fabiola Zerpa
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
El centro de análisis señala que la influencia del Presidente en América Latina disminuirá por la caída del petróleo.

March 9, 2009: Politics Take Center Stage
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
The best and worst cases of political polarization and reconciliation in Latin America.

March 9, 2009: "Sólo una elite de cubano-americanos mantiene la idea del embargo" (PDF)
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: El Nacional
El director del Programa del Caribe de Diálogo Interamerican aseguró que durante el gobierno del presidente Barack Obama habrá cambios en la política de Washington hacia La Habana, aunque no serán drásticos.

March 8, 2009: Raúl e o 'mel do poder'
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Raúl Castro é considerado o mais pragmático e realista dos irmãos Castros, mas sua corajosa aposta para reformular o governo cubano revela que ele próprio tem grandes ambições. Como Lula está com viagem marcada para Washington, na próxima semana, os eventos registrados em Cuba com certeza estarão na sua agenda. Mas, independentemente das ambições de Lula e Obama com respeito a Cuba, eles não devem esquecer que muitos líderes estrangeiros viram suas esperanças virar pó quando deram de frente com as duras realidades do regime Castro.

March 8, 2009: Raúl and the "honey of power"
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Raúl Castro has long been described as the more pragmatic and realistic of the Castro brothers, but his bold gamble to shake up the Cuban government reveals that he holds powerful ambitions of his own. Now that Lula is scheduled to travel to Washington next week, events in Cuba are sure to be on the agenda. But whatever ambitions Obama or Lula may harbor with respect to Cuba, they should remember that a long line of foreign leaders have seen their hopes for Cuba turn to dust when they collide with the hard realities of the Castro regime.

March 6, 2009: "Bookshelf: Daniel Erikson's 'Cuba Wars' Couldn't Be More Timely (PDF)
By Vito Echeverria
Source: CubaNews
Published by Bloomsbury Press, "Cuba Wars" details the multilevel conflict between the U.S. government and Castro as Washington racks up a long track record of failed diplomatic, legislative, propaganda and financial efforts to spark regime change in Cuba.

March 5, 2009: Cuba Receives More Cash From Workers Abroad
By Joel Millman
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Cuba is bucking a global downturn in migrants' remittances of foreign cash to families back home, according to a report to be released Thursday.

March 5, 2009: Informe revela un crecimiento de las remesas a la Isla
By ..
Source: Cuba Encuentro
Un informe que será divulgado este jueves indica que los cubanos que radican fuera de la Isla han aumentado el envío de dinero a sus familias en un momento en que disminuyen las de los emigrantes en todo el mundo debido a la crisis económica, informó el diario estadounidense The Wall Street Jornal.

March 4, 2009: Raúl Castro and Cuba's Global Diplomacy (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, Vol. 18
Cuba's global relations are on the upswing. In the two years since Raúl Castro took power in July 2006, he has ushered in subtle but important changes in Cuba's foreign policy while benefiting from a widely-shared desire on the part of many foreign countries to reach out to Cuba during its moment of transition away from the historic rule of Fidel Castro.

March 3, 2009: Sin sopresa: el foco estará sobre Obama en Trinidad y Tobago
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Cuando los 34 líderes del Hemisferio Occidental democráticamente elegidos se junten en Puerto España el 17 de abril, en la quinta Cumbre de las Américas, algunos recordarán vivamente las tensiones y el resultado infeliz de la Cumbre anterior en Mar del Plata, hace aproximadamente tres años y medio. La discordia provino de las fuertes, y en algunos casos ásperas divisiones entre los gobiernos sobre diversas cuestiones, aumentada por la extendida aversión latinoamericana hacia el Presidente Bush y por la ausencia de un liderazgo moderador por parte del anfitrión argentino de entonces.

March 3, 2009: No Surprise: the Spotlight Will Be On Obama in Trinidad and Tobago
By Peter Hakim, President of the Inter-American Dialogue
Source: Infolatam
When the Western Hemisphere’s 34 democratically elected leaders gather in Port of Spain on April 17 for the fifth Summit of the Americas, many of them will vividly recall the tense proceeding and unhappy outcome of the previous Summit in Mar del Plata some three and one-half years ago. The discord stemmed from the sharp, and in some cases acrimonious, divisions among the governments on an array of issues and policy choices—and was compounded by the widespread Latin American distaste for President Bush and the absence of moderating leadership from the Argentine host.

March 3, 2009: Governments in Power Face Difficult Times (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Russia Journal
As growth slows and unemployment increases, the social agenda may well become even more important. I suspect there will be a pattern of defeating incumbent governments and turning to alternatives, moving in the contrary direction.

March 2, 2009: A Promising Reform
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Lost beneath the headlines of bailouts for the housing, financial, and automobile industries is an important change in the organization of the government that could have enormous implications for policy-making in coming years.

March 2, 2009: Un cambio alentador
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Tras los titulares sobre el plan de salvamento, yace un cambio importante en la organización del gobierno que podría tener enormes efectos en las políticas de los años venideros.

March 1, 2009: O gesto e a palavra
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Globo (Brazil)
Em vez de desenhar quadros sombrios ou róseos para o mercado, faz o decoupling à moda brasileira: descola a economia da política, precipita o debate eleitoral e, nele, vale o discurso vazio.

March 1, 2009: La fuerza de México
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Revista NEXOS México

February 28, 2009: Book Review of "Russian-Cuban Relations Since 1992: Continuing Camaraderie in a Post-Soviet World" (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Cuban Affairs
When Russian naval vessels were steaming towards Cuba last November even as a young Democratic senator prepared his transition into the White House, those with a sense of history could be forgiven for feeling a certain sense of vertigo. The warm embrace between Havana and Moscow at a moment when America faced grave uncertainty at home and abroad recalled the unsettling specter of a very different era, when such a development would have put the United States on high alert and perhaps posed a serious threat to the future of the nation itself.

February 28, 2009: Book Review of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution" (PDF)
By Cristina López-Gottardi
Source: Cuban Affairs
The fiftieth anniversary of the Cuban Revolution and the landmark U.S. presidential elections of 2008 mark an opportune time to reflect upon the state of U.S.-Cuban affairs. Cuba’s strained relationship with the United States dates to the turn of the century following the Spanish-American War and the initiation of the Platt Amendment in 1902. Cold War politics elevated Cuba’s status on the U.S. agenda as the country transitioned into a de facto Soviet satellite state. And by the 1980s, the ascendance of a hard-line U.S. approach under President Ronald Regan displayed the growing influence in national politics of the Cuban-American lobby. Today, while Cuba is no longer of major strategic importance to the U.S., it remains a disproportionately significant foreign policy consideration. Controversy surrounding U.S. policy towards the island continues to incite deep feelings from both sides of the Florida Straits.

February 27, 2009: O discurso do Presidente Obama ao Congresso de Washington
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
É difícil resistir ao entusiasmo que predomina ao ouvirmos o Presidente Obama discursar. Mais uma vez, essa característica esteve presente, quando pela primeira vez dirigiu-se ao Congresso Americano após sua eleição.

February 26, 2009: Mexico's progress in U.S. interest
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
While few countries are as important to the United States, Mexico is unlikely to get the Obama administration's undivided attention.

February 20, 2009: Lo que La Habana no hará
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
No hay razones para creer que el gobierno abandonará su enfoque selectivo y sus definiciones sui géneris. El pasado 5 de febrero, el Consejo de Derechos Humanos (CDH) de Naciones Unidas revisó el historial del gobierno cubano. A diferencia de la anterior Comisión de Derechos Humanos de la ONU, el CDH ordena un Examen Periódico Universal (EPU) para todos los Estados miembros.

February 19, 2009: América Latina y el Caribe en la coyuntura económica internacional: ¿cómo sobrevivirá la región?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
Este ARI revisa los antecedentes a la crisis actual en Latinoamérica y el Caribe, en el contexto más general de la crisis global.

February 17, 2009: A sort of centrist weighs in on Chavez victory
By Interview with Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Los Angeles Times
Teodoro Petkoff is a former leftist revolutionary and Cabinet minister. He is now editor of Tal Cual, a scrappy Caracas-based alternative newspaper. In highly polarized Venezuela, he is perhaps the closest thing to a centrist commentator.

February 12, 2009: Cuba lacks respect for human rights
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Feb. 5, the U.N. Human Rights Council (HRC) reviewed the Cuban government's record. Unlike the old U.N. Commission on Human Rights, the HRC mandates a Universal Periodic Review (UPR) for all member states.

February 10, 2009: A la espera de un futuro mejor
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Hace cincuenta años los cubanos se regocijaron con la caída de Fulgencio Batista. Hoy la alegría no es la emoción que predomina. Otros sentimientos —la apatía, la ira, la desesperación y el amargo resentimiento— están en nuestros corazones. La pérdida y la tristeza (por las vidas perdidas, las familias separadas, la fe rota del pueblo) son sobrecogedoras. Sólo la Cuba oficial celebra y se maravilla por las décadas transcurridas desde ese, tan lejano ya, primero de enero.

February 10, 2009: La política energética ejemplar de Brasil
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Brasil es el único país en el hemisferio que ha reducido considerablemente no sólo su dependencia excesiva de las fuentes externas de energías fósiles, sino también su dependencia en energías fósiles en sí mismas.

February 6, 2009: US House Subcommittee Examines Latin American Alliances
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
During a hearing to examine policy options for Latin America under the Obama Administration, a US House subcommittee earlier this week debated the extent to which the US should engage countries that are seen as unfriendly to US interests.

February 5, 2009: Mejor dentro del euro que fuera
By Paul Isbell and Federico Steinberg
Source: El Pais (Spain)
El auténtico dilema de la economía española no es mantenerse o no en la moneda común, sino aumentar la productividad y la competitividad de las exportaciones e impulsar la inversión en educación y en innovación.

February 4, 2009: US, Mexico Must Expand Efforts to Fight Human Trafficking
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Landen Romei
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to the International Labor Organization, there are 12.3 million people in forced labor and sexual servitude around the world. However, other non-profit organizations estimate that the number is closer to 27 million and growing, especially in Latin America. Since the passage of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) in 2000, the United States has dedicated millions of dollars to protect victims of contemporary slavery worldwide.

February 1, 2009: Can Obama End "The Cuba Wars?"
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Focal Point, Vol. 8, Issue 1
When Barack Obama won the White House last November, he pledged to focus on the two wars in Afghanistan and Iraq that continue to dominate the U.S. foreign policy agenda. But the peculiar results of his election have also positioned him to quickly end a third war that has been smoldering in the Straits of Florida for nearly a half a century: the long cold war between the U.S. and Cuba.

February 1, 2009: No Longer Washington's Backyard (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Current History
As Brazil’s mega-summit in December made clear, nations in a transformed region are demanding treatment befitting serious countries with global interests and ambitions.

February 1, 2009: Perdidos na Crise
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
A redução da riqueza global oferece a todos, inclusive e principalmente aos governos, a chance de repensar o futuro. Ou se aumentam as regulações financeiras globalmente (sem sufocar a capacidade de inovação, mãe do desenvolvimento) e se repensa o modelo cultural de consumismo desenfreado e de dilapidação da natureza, ou a retomada de amanhã pode ser ainda mais danosa do que foi a etapa que se está esgotando.

February 1, 2009: Book Reviews: Has the Cuban Moment Arrived? (PDF)
By William W. Finan Jr.
Source: Current History
An ailing Fidel Castro has quit. Cuban-Americans' views have softened. The author of a new book suggests the time has come to end America's isolation of the island.

February 1, 2009: Book Review: Cuba Wars by Daniel Erikson (PDF)
By Greg Lestikow
Source: Journal of International Policy Solutions
"Cuba Wars" attempts to look into Cuba's future by analyzing its past. After so many years of conflict and missed opportunities under Fidel's watch, it seems that even Cuba experts are confused by what Raúl Castro's succession signifies, and only time will tell whether the author's prediction for the promises of the "Next Revolution" are warrented. What is certain is that Daniel Erikson has compiled an important tools for analyzing Cuba and the nation's relationship with it's giant neighbor to the north. More importantly, he makes an appeal for compassion to both sides, calling for U.S. and Cuban leaders to find a way out of this seemingly interminable cold war. This is a must-read for students of Cuba and Latin America, as well as any reader interested in learning about the repercussions of power politics and the misled policies that often result.

February 1, 2009: Latin Primer (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Monocle (United Kingdom)
Latin Americans know the region won't be Barack Obama's top priority. But they do expect he will be less patronising than his predecessors.

February 1, 2009: ¿Cuál puede ser el rol internacional para América Latina?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Foro Europa - América Latina

February 1, 2009: EU Returns Directive: impact on migrants and remittances (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Elisabeth Burgess
Source: E-Finance & Payments Law & Policy
The EU Returns Directive, approved last year, is designed to harmonise laws amongst Member States requiring them to return non-EU migrants to their home countries or offer them legal status. Manuel Orozco and Elisabeth Burgess of the Remittances and Development Program of the Inter-American Dialogue - a non-profit policy analysis organisation - examine the impact that the Directive will have on migrant labour flows in the European Union Member States, including on remittance products.

February 1, 2009: Um aliado fora da agenda americana (PDF)
By Marsilea Gombata
Source: Jornal do Brasil

February 1, 2009: Política y Crisis Económica en América Latina (PDF)
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: Andean Democracy Research Network
La crisis y recesión económica global que estalló en setiembre de 2008 toca a todos los países del planeta. No hay territorios blindados. Es éste el contexto en el que estalló la actual crisis y recesión global y en base a la cual se abren interrogantes sobre los efectos económicos y políticos de la misma en la región latinoamericana.

January 29, 2009: Populists intent on destroying democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Except for the past 25 years, democracy -- at minimum, civil liberties, separation of powers, free elections -- has mostly been a stranger in Latin America. Until the 1950s, traditional, strong-man dictatorships were, more often than not, the norm. In the 1960s, ''modern,'' institutional dictatorships entered the stage. Then, beginning in the late 1970s, democratic waves swept away these military regimes. But that's not the whole story. Populism -- el pueblo as the beneficiary of government policies -- left a deep imprint in the region's political culture. Leaders such as Juan Domingo Perón and Getúlio Vargas opened the politics of Argentina and Brazil to include workers and improve their lives. In that sense, this first-generation populism initially did well in Latin America.

January 29, 2009: Stimulus Packages: How Much Can the Region Afford?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
John Maynard Keynes, long relegated to history books describing his fundamental contributions to macroeconomics, has returned with a vengeance. Everybody has become a Keynesian, even some of us recalcitrant Friedmaniacs. Fortunately, we now know that in times of crisis, large countries can stick both to government spending stimuli (as Keynes proposed) and an adequately ample supply of money in times of financial implosion (as Friedman discovered).

January 28, 2009: At 50, the Cuban Revolution is Facing a Mid-life Crisis
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Latin American Advisor
A half century has passed since a 32-year-old Fidel Castro led a small band of rebels to triumph during the 1959 Cuban Revolution, ousting the unpopular and corrupt regime of Fulgencio Batistia. But the revolution has also demonstrated an impressive ability to adapt and survive that cannot be easily dismissed. Obama is the 11th American president to confront the foreign policy challenges posed by the Cuban Revolution, and if history is any guide, he will not be the last.

January 28, 2009: At 50, the Cuban Revolution is Facing a Mid-Life Crisis
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
On January 1, 2009, the Cuban Revolution that brought the Castro regime to power marked its 50th anniversary. A half century has passed since a 32-year-old Fidel Castro led a small band of rebels to triumph during the 1959 Cuban Revolution, ousting the unpopular and corrupt regime of Fulgencio Batistia.

January 27, 2009: Insulza: Obama Must Create Policy With Countries, Not For Them
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
When US President Barack Obama sits down with hemispheric leaders at the Summit of the Americas in April, a first step towards improving relations with Latin America will be to lend an open ear to the region's concerns, said Secretary General of the Organization of American States Jose Miguel Insulza on Monday

January 24, 2009: Obama Closes the Famous Prison on Guantánamo
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
President Barack Obama’s decision to close the detention center for suspected Al Qaeda operatives at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba represented the fulfillment of his campaign pledge and the repudiation of the Bush administration’s questionable legal practices during the “war on terror” that unfolded following the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

January 24, 2009: Sai a prisão, fica a encrenca
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Obama não tem planos para eliminar a mais antiga base militar americana fora dos Estados Unidos.

January 23, 2009: Castro's 'potential immortality'
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Miami Herald
The flurry of recent rumors surrounding Fidel Castro's admittedly precarious health have once again breathed new life into the macabre but irresistible parlor game that Cuba watchers have been playing for decades: Is the 82-year old Cuban leader about to take his final bow?

January 23, 2009: What is the Potential for Biofuels Production in the Caribbean? (PDF)
By Energy Advisor Staff
The Jamaican government and Brazilian firm Infinity Bio-Energy failed to reach a deal for the company to take control of Jamaica's state-owned sugar plantations by the December 31 deadline, although the company said it hopes to raise the money to fund the takeover by the end of this month. What is the potential of biofuels production in Jamaica and other islands in the historically sugar-rich Caribbean, both for export and domestic electricity generation? Can the region become a viable destination for Brazilian and other foreign capital related to biofuels development?

January 22, 2009: Año electoral
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Se avecina el calendario electoral de América Latina. Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Panamá y Uruguay celebran sus elecciones presidenciales en 2009. En Argentina, México y El Salvador (ya está en marcha), los ciudadanos depositarán sus votos en elecciones legislativas. Bolivia y Venezuela se aprestan a realizar referendos. Esta vez me ocuparé de un grupo y analizaré al otro en otro artículo.

January 21, 2009: Un duro invierno
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
No recuerdo a ningún presidente de los Estados Unidos que durante su discurso inaugural le dedicara tanta atención a las dificultades que enfrenta el país.

January 21, 2009: Obama necesitará tiempo y suerte
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano (Colombia)
Barack Obama no perderá tiempo y empezará a enfrentar los mayores retos que vienen afectando a los Estados Unidos desde la década de los años 30. La economía está en crisis, el país está envuelto en dos guerras y hay lugares problemáticos alrededor del mundo. Todo espera la acción de Washington.

January 21, 2009: Obama will need time and luck
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano (Colombia)
Barack Obama will waste no time tackling the most daunting policy challenges the United States has faced since the 1930s. The economy is in crisis, the country is involved in two wars, and there are trouble spots around the globe. All await action from Washington.

January 15, 2009: Electoral contests on 2009 calendar
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
In 2009, Latin America's electoral calendar speeds up. Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama and Uruguay hold presidential elections. In Argentina, Mexico and El Salvador, citizens cast ballots in legislative contests. Referendums are set to take place in Bolivia and Venezuela. I'll highlight a first set here, a second in the Jan. 29 column.

January 15, 2009: IFIs: A Return to the Cycle
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin Business Chronicle
With high financing requirements, access to the international financial institutions will be a necessity for many Latin countries.

January 11, 2009: Diálogo mejor y más parejo con Obama
By Ricardo Lagos
Source: Clarín (Argentina)
El gobierno que asumirá en EE.UU. puede ser histórico no sólo para su sociedad, sino también para América latina.

January 7, 2009: Foreign Direct Investment Expected to Weaken This Year
By Alicia Bárcena
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite the current global economic downturn, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) for 2008 is expected to surpass the 100 billion mark for the second consecutive year.

January 5, 2009: Inflation in Latin America: Pressures Are Down But Not Out
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
How things change in a year. By the end of 2007 in this same space it was indicated that "inflation is coming back worldwide in response to an unfortunate combination of higher energy and food prices, and expansionary monetary policy."

January 4, 2009: “El narcotráfico demandará de Obama atención política de alto nivel” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica El Salvador
Este analista del Interamerican Dialogue de Washington cree que el enfoque de Obama en la guerra contra las drogas debe ir más allá del apoyo financiero a programas tradicionales. Pide creatividad e innovación.

January 1, 2009: Cubans here and there still hope for better future
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Fifty years ago Cubans rejoiced in the downfall of Fulgencio Batista. Today joy isn't the overriding emotion. Other feelings -- such as apathy, anger, despair and rancor -- dwell in our hearts. Loss and sadness -- over the lives lost, the families sundered, a people's broken faith -- are overwhelming. Only official Cuba revels and marvels over the decades since that long ago Jan. 1.

January 1, 2009: Cuba on the Verge (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Great Decisions
Cuba today is torn between socialism and capitalism. With the Castro era coming to an end, what is the next step for Cuba? Will U.S. policy change any time soon?

January 1, 2009: Obama & Latin America: Magic or Realism? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: World Policy Journal
While it is too early to know if the presidency of Barack Obama will lead to an important restructuring of inter-American relations, there is little question that the potential for momentous change is in the air. If the Obama presidency follows the pattern of its predecessors, the early warm glow of good feelings will soon give way to a pragmatic understanding on both sides of the relationship regarding the possibilities and limits of what the United States and Latin America can expect of the other.

December 29, 2008: Cuba, Castro, and U.S. Foreign Policy
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: PRI's The World
'The World' Anchor Katy Clark speaks with Dan Erikson, author of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution," about 50 years of tense relations between the US and Cuba.

December 29, 2008: Medio siglo en Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
Medio siglo. Se dice fácilmente pero no así lo que las décadas transcurridas desde el 1º de enero de 1959 han representado para los cubanos. Entonces, casi un pueblo entero abrazó a los jóvenes barbudos. Por fin, los cubanos lograríamos una Cuba soberana, justa y democrática. La alegría y la esperanza cundían por doquier.

December 28, 2008: "No esperen un gobierno de izquierda con Barack Obama"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
Latinoamérica no será prioridad en el nuevo gobierno de Estados Unidos, de Barack Obama. Brasil capeará el temporal financiero mejor que Argentina, y Uruguay se verá afectado por los problemas de sus vecinos y por las bajas de los precios de los productos de exportación. El vicepresidente del instituto Diálogo Interamericano definió al presidente electo como un hombre "pragmático" y de "mente fría". Pero, asismismo, opinó que muchos se decepcionarán si piensan que con él llega un gobierno de sesgo izquierdista.

December 28, 2008: Between Anxiety and Hope
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
The New Year in the US will be greeted with a mix of deep anxiety and great hope.

December 28, 2008: Uma Carcomida Relíquia da Guerra Fria
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Assim especialista em relações internacionais define embargo a Cuba, anacronismo do qual os EUA já poderiam ter se livrado desde o colapso da URSS. Entrevista exclusiva com Daniel Erikson, Coordenador do Inter-American Dialogue e autor do livro The Cuba Wars, recém-lançado nos EUA.

December 28, 2008: Obama's Cabinet
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Although questions about policy positions persist, the complete selection of his cabinet and high-level advisors offers clues about what the US and world can expect over the next four years.

December 28, 2008: El gabinete de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Persisten los interrogantes sobre sus posturas políticas, pero la completa elección de su gabinete y el alto nivel de sus asesores ofrecen pistas sobre lo que E.U. y el mundo pueden esperar en los próximos cuatro años.

December 27, 2008: Entre la ansiedad y la esperanza (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
El nuevo año en Estados Unidos será saludado con una mezcla de profunda ansiedad y gran esperanza.

December 26, 2008: Ainda sobre previsões
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Em comentário recente, registrei que, mais do que nunca, o exercício de fazer previsões se torna cada vez mais problemático, particularmente para o ano de 2009.

December 24, 2008: Haiti's Unraveling Will Pose Test for President-elect Obama
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
Haiti's slow but steady climb out of its political and economic abyss was severely jeopardized in 2008 by a series of internal and external shocks. In the spring, escalating food prices prompted widespread riots as the population pushed back against a 40 percent rise in the costs of basic food commodities, which cut deeply into the standard of living for a population where most people subsist on less than two dollars per day.

December 24, 2008: Latin America Faces 'Remarkable Deceleration' in Growth
By Alfredo Coutino
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin America has shown a strong resilience to the international crisis. During 2008 the region's performance did not show major signs of deceleration. In fact, in the first half of the year, the region performed at a speed similar to that of one year before.

December 23, 2008: Compromiso o confrontación
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El 20 de enero de 2009, Barack Obama asumirá la presidencia de Estados Unidos. Tiene programado viajar a Trinidad y Tobago, del 17 al 19 de abril, a la Cumbre de las Américas. Con toda certeza será recibido calurosamente, pero Obama pudiera enriquecer ese entusiasmo si antes de viajar pusiera fin a todas las restricciones impuestas a los viajes y las remesas de los cubanoamericanos. Sería una clara señal de que su gobierno saldría de la rutina política en relación con Cuba.

December 22, 2008: Del american dream a la crisis financiera global (PDF)
By Nora Lustig y Jorge Mariscal
Source: Nexos (Mexico)
La mañana del 17 de julio de 2007 los mercados financieros norteamericanos se despertaron con la noticia de que dos de los fondos administrados por Bear Sterns, uno de los bancos de inversión más grandes de los Estados Unidos, estaban en serios problemas a causa de sus inversiones en instrumentos financieros basados en deudas hipotecarias “subprime” o de baja calidad crediticia. Esta fue una de las primeras señales de las dificultades enfrentadas por esta compañía, que ocho meses después sería rematada a JP Morgan, y por el resto del sistema financiero global, que poco más de un año después se encontraba en la peor crisis desde la Gran Depresión.

December 20, 2008: Is Recession Causing A Migrant Exodus Or Influx?
By Marcela Sanchez
Source: The Tampa Tribune
Manuel Orozco cited in article.

December 19, 2008: Hipócrita defensa de la democracia
By Andrés Oppenheimer
Source: Diario de Cuyo (Argentina)
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

December 19, 2008: Latinoamérica: Me llega la crisis
By Interviews with members of the Andean Working Group
Source: Ideele (Peru)
Hace poco se realizó en Lima la reunión del Andean Working Group, promovida por Diálogo Interamericano, en la que participaron destacados especialistas de diferentes partes de Latinoamérica. Ideele conversó con Teodoro Petkoff de Venezuela, César Montúfar de Ecuador, José Miguel Vivanco de Chile, George Gray de Bolivia y el latinoamericanista canadiense Hal Klepak sobre la situación en que nos halla la crisis global, cuán preparados estamos y cuál es la actualidad política, social y de derechos humanos en Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Cuba y Colombia.

December 18, 2008: Awaiting a new policy on Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Jan. 20, 2009, Barack Obama will finally assume the U.S. presidency. On April 17-19, he's scheduled to travel to Trinidad and Tobago for the Summit of the Americas. Though he's sure to be warmly greeted, Obama can add to the warmth if he has ended all restrictions on Cuban-American travel and remittances before going. It'd be a clear signal that his administration doesn't mean business as usual on Cuba.

December 18, 2008: El Estilo Obama (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Caretas (Peru)
Caretas lo entrevistó el viernes 12 en su breve paso por Lima para participar en un panel internacional en el Instituto de Estudios Peruanos. Esto es lo que piensa sobre las futuras relaciones de EE.UU. con América Latina.

December 18, 2008: U.S. sanctions on Nicaragua seen as `hypocrisy'
By Andrés Oppenheimer
Source: The Miami Herald
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

December 17, 2008: Presidente electo Barack Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
El analista Michael Shifter, uno de los primeros en darse cuenta de las posibilidades políticas de Obama, reflexiona sobre los principales hechos y nombramientos que se están produciendo en este importantísimo periodo de transición, que va desde la victoria hasta el inicio del nuevo gobierno.

December 17, 2008: President-elect Barack Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
President-elect Barack Obama. That term comes naturally, and is universally used today in the United States, even by voters who preferred John McCain. Unless my memory is failing, I don’t remember president-elect George Bush, president-elect Bill Clinton, president-elect Ronald Reagan or president-elect Jimmy Carter being used too often in the “transition” period, immediately following their victories and before inauguration day. All were referred to as governor. But since November 4, 2008, senator Obama has been spontaneously replaced by president-elect Obama.

December 15, 2008: El Perú globalizado: Éxito económico con fracturas sociales (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú en el siglo XXI
Pese a que siguen existiendo retos importantes, los niveles de crecimiento del Perú, así como su inmersión en la economía global, han contribuido al verdadero progreso y la estabilidad. La enraizada pobreza del país –que sigue aumentando en ciertas regiones– revela que importantes segmentos de la población están siendo excluidos de los beneficios del espectacular crecimiento del país. Sólo tres de cada diez peruanos aprueban la actuación de Alan García, e, implícitamente, la dirección que está tomando el país; esto quiere decir que los reacios problemas sociales podrían hacer que descarrile la estrategia del gobierno de una mayor globalización como solución a los problemas sociales.

December 15, 2008: Un Gabinete para la guerra economica (PDF)
By Claudio Loser
Source: Revista Vientetres
El presidente electo de los Estados Unidos se enfrenta con uno de los retos económicos más críticos que ese país haya tenido en varias generaciones. Probablemente sus abuelos (y para algunos de nosotros nuestros padres) hayan sufrido las consecuencias de la Depresión del período 1929-33, pero los Estados Unidos no han tenido una crisis financiera de la magnitud actual desde entonces.

December 12, 2008: Confuso triple juego hispano-ruso-argentino
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
La entrada de Lukoil tanto en España como en Argentina sólo debería verse como un desarrollo positivo. El futuro del mundo pasa por la integración y la dependencia mutua, pese a lo que pueda parecer. Aunque las lenguas doradas van a empujar a la muerte un argumento puramente nacionalista - da igual desde donde salgan - no nos deberíamos dejar caer en esta trampa.

December 10, 2008: Chávez es su peor amigo
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El 23 de noviembre, Hugo Chávez ganó el 75% de los cargos que se disputaban en las elecciones locales, regionales y estatales. Sus candidatos consiguieron 5,4 millones de votos en el país y la oposición obtuvo 4,4 millones. Los chavistas se impusieron en 17 de las 22 contiendas gubernamentales en la lid electoral.

December 5, 2008: Recessão ou depressão
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo Brazil
A história da presente crise financeira é a história de uma morte anunciada. São incontáveis as referências feitas nos últimos anos aos “déficits gêmeos” da economia americana: na balança comercial e nas contas públicas. Os críticos do governo Bush, com Paul Krugman à frente, cansaram de clamar contra os gastos excessivos nas guerras, combinados com cortes de impostos para as camadas mais ricas da população e com uma política monetária complacente. O que não se conhecia a fundo era o mau uso que bancos e instituições assemelhadas faziam dessa situação de dinheiro farto, acompanhada de desregulamentação financeira. Daí emergiu o monstro da crise, muito mais feio do que se podia imaginar.

December 4, 2008: Possible Costs to the Region of the World Financial Crisis
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Life was to be good for Latin America this year and next. That is what many policy makers in the region wanted—and wanted us—to believe. Delinking was in, and dependency was out. Commodity prices would continue going up and there was no worry about financing. Reserves were high and generally creditworthiness was solid. Problems were hitting only the US and a few other developed countries that had caused the world economic commotion.

December 2, 2008: Nicaragua needs our attention
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: The Miami Herald
With the financial and economic crisis, terrorist violence in Mumbai, a momentous transition in Washington and a more-subtle one occurring more slowly in Havana, it is understandable, but unfortunate, that so little attention has been focused on the electoral and political crisis in Nicaragua.

December 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by QED.

November 28, 2008: El aterrizaje cubano
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Revista Nexos (México)
Siempre me ha intrigado conocer lo que hablaron Fidel Castro y el Papa Juan Pablo II en la Habana en 1998, porque no estoy seguro de que Fidel creyera en el marxismo y de que Juan Pablo creyera en Dios. Uno ha hecho religión con la política y el otro hizo política con la religión. Pero el pragmatismo, el nacionalismo y el pensarse al frente de “dictaduras bondadosas” les eran comunes. Cuando comenzó la transparencia en la ex Unión Soviética, Cuba suspendió la circulación de las revistas “Sputnik y Novedades de Moscú”. Fidel Castro me dijo entonces: “durante años esas revistas sostuvieron al marxismo leninismo como verdad absoluta y ahora dicen que eso era mentira, es como si el Vaticano distribuyera un catecismo donde dijera que Dios no existe”.

November 27, 2008: Un ligero aire de cambio en Miami
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
El 1 de enero de 2009 se cumple el 50º aniversario de la revolución cubana. Apenas tres semanas después, Barack Obama tomará posesión de la Casa Blanca con sólo un problema en común con los diez presidentes que le antecedieron: un Gobierno en La Habana presidido por uno de los hermanos Castro.

November 24, 2008: Reform in Mexico Forces Debate on Sale of Teaching Positions
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Teaching positions are for sale in Mexico, and have been for decades. Although seldom discussed, the practice—established by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) to reward party loyalists—is apparently widespread. The going price for a teaching position in a public primary school is reported to be between $5,000 and $12,000, depending on locale. Teachers who resign can either sell their positions or pass them on to their children. In at least some cases, local governments and the teachers' union supervise the buying and selling process.

November 23, 2008: América Latina y sus nuevas amistades
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
Mientras Hu Jintao, el presidente chino, visitaba Costa Rica, Perú y Cuba su colega ruso, Dmitri Medvédev, embarcaba hacia Brasil, Perú, Cuba y Venezuela donde coincidirá con la llegada del crucero nuclear ruso Pedro el Grande para participar en maniobras conjuntas con la Marina venezolana.

November 22, 2008: América Latina: vulnerable frente a la crisis financiera global
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
Venezuela y Argentina sufren un riesgo particularmente grave por su dependencia en las exportaciones de materias primas, y porque sus economías han sido pobremente administradas y sus acreedores e inversionistas sienten que fueron tratados con dureza.

November 22, 2008: Latin America and the Global Financial Crisis
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal(Mexico)
It was not too many months ago that Latin American governments and financial analysts generally were confident that the quality of the region’s economic management and its solid pace of growth in recent years would enable most countries to withstand a U.S. recession without suffering much damage to their own economies.

November 21, 2008: LATIN AMERICA/US: Obama may mark attitude shift
By Michael Shifter
Source: Oxford Analytica
Obama's election has generated enormous goodwill and enthusiasm in the region, as in the rest of the world. Although many Latin Americans are expecting change from Washington, most understand that Obama and Congress will be consumed by other urgent priorities.

November 21, 2008: At OAS, Evo Morales Calls for an End to US Policies of 'Imposition'
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
In his first ever trip to Washington, Bolivian President Evo Morales thanked the Organization of American States for help that he said prevented civil war in his nation earlier this year. Morales also proved to be a polarizing figure, even on US soil, as a small group of Bolivians assembled outside the OAS protested what they claimed was political repression in the Andean nation.

November 20, 2008: Open travel, remittances best course for Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Jan. 1, 2009, the Cuban Revolution marks its 50th anniversary. Three weeks later, Barack Obama will step into the Oval Office as the 11th U.S. president to face a Castro-led government in Havana.

November 14, 2008: Obama y Uribe, la pareja dispareja
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Uribe empezó su mandato con el país en una crisis de seguridad. Obama enfrenta también una crisis sin precedentes, dos guerras en el extranjero y una debacle financiera. Mientras responde a estos retos, E.U. debe reconocer sus múltiples responsabilidades en el escenario global. No es opción volverse hacia sí mismos. Y tampoco lo es alejarse de sus viejos amigos.

November 14, 2008: Obama and Uribe, the Odd Couple
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Their temperaments and outlooks on the world differ sharply, making it unlikely they will replicate the chemistry between George Bush and Uribe or between Bill Clinton and Andrés Pastrana. Nevertheless, Obama and Uribe could well get along better than many observers expect.

November 14, 2008: US Congress to Consider Preferential Trade Status for Paraguay
By Elisabeth Burgess
Source: Latin America Advisor
Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY) this week said he plans to introduce legislation early next year to grant Paraguayan exports duty-free access to the US market. Such trade preferences would give Paraguay similar advantages to those that Andean countries have enjoyed since 1991 under the Andean Trade Preference Act and subsequent Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA), which require countries to cooperate with the US in anti-narcotics efforts.

November 13, 2008: Fox Warns of Isolationism During Times of Economic Crisis
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Former Mexican President Vicente Fox on Tuesday warned against repeating what he said was a crucial mistake of the Great Depression—closing off markets during an economic crisis in an effort to create domestic jobs. Fox, who served as president from 2000 to 2006, has publicly questioned President-elect Barack Obama's views on trade. In an interview with the Latin America Advisor, the former President said any attempt to return to the isolationism and "nationalistic attitudes of the past" would be short-sighted.

November 13, 2008: Haiti's educational foundations
By Michael Lisman and Conor Bohan
Source: guardian.co.uk
If the sad story of College La Promesse is to have a silver lining, however, we can hope that these tragic scenes bring more attention to the less visible disaster of Haiti's education system, which suffers from the same endemic problems that brought down College La Promesse: short-term thinking and a lack of expertise and oversight. The lost opportunity for a decent and dignified life for most of Haiti's youth is not so easily reconstructed.

November 11, 2008: Don't ignore European economic powerhouse
By Paul Isbell
Source: The Miami Herald
With surveys on both sides of the Atlantic showing that Spaniards and Americans are once again viewing each other in an increasingly favorable light, now is the time to turn the page on the past.

November 10, 2008: A Consagrada Vitoria de Obama
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Imagino há 2/3 anos atrás quem afirmasse que um senador negro de Illinois tornar-se-ia Presidente da grande nação americana, seria taxado de lunático. Se recuássemos mais no tempo, não creio que alguém visionário poderia imaginar que esse fato viesse a ocorrer.

November 9, 2008: El cambio también llega a América Latina (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El presidente electo Barack Obama es un líder de gran inteligencia y disciplina y es muy probable que sea moderado y pragmático en su acercamiento a una complicada agenda doméstica y extranjera.

November 9, 2008: Change also Arrives to Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Obama, a leader of enormous intellect and discipline, is likely to be measured and pragmatic in his approach to a daunting domestic and foreign agenda.

November 7, 2008: Atando Cabos. Presidente Obama, ¿y América Latina?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: Diario La República (Peru)
Pese a la marginalidad del tema "América Latina" en la campaña presidencial, el triunfo de Obama es muy positivo.

November 7, 2008: Timely questions about Colombia, free trade
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''It is going to be part of the president's job to deal with more than one thing at once,'' said candidate Barack Obama in late September amid the financial meltdown. And so it will be for President Obama after his inauguration on Jan. 20, 2009.

November 6, 2008: La fuerza de la matemática
By Paul Isbell
Source: ABC Spain
La matemática terminó siendo demasiado dura para John McCain. Barack Obama ganó por seis puntos (52%-46%) en el voto popular -ligeramente por debajo del promedio final de los sondeos (7,4pp)- y por un margen amplio en el Colegio Electoral (364-174). Este resultado es muy similar al de Bill Clinton en 1992 (+5,5% en el voto popular y 370-168 en el Colegio Electoral), pero es la primera vez desde 1976 que un demócrata ha ganado por mayoría absoluta en el voto popular.

November 5, 2008: Obama frente a Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Probablemente Obama será un gradualista cauto hacia América Latina, que evitará grandes iniciativas como las lanzadas por John F. Kennedy en los 60. La dura realidades que tendrá pocos recursos a disposición.

November 5, 2008: Obama Facing Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Among the many explanations for why Barack Obama was elected president of the United States, one thing is for sure: Latin America played no part.

November 4, 2008: Ansias de cambio
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Una encuesta en Cuba de Freedom House muestra un panorama desolador: La posibilidad de un cambio político genera más ansiedad que esperanza.

November 3, 2008: “La crisis económica tendió a afirmar a los demócratas” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
El analista Michael Shifter dijo a El Observador que McCain no mostró tranquilidad

November 2, 2008: The Challenge in South America
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
That Latin America will not rank high on the agenda is, of course, nothing new. What is new, however, is how the political landscape has been transformed – especially in South America.

November 2, 2008: El reto en Sudamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
“Ambos tienen mucho que aprender sobre cómo América Latina ha cambiado. La preocupación es que cualquiera que gane la elección caerá en viejas formas de tratar a países diseñadas en una era que ya se fue”

November 2, 2008: Eleições e crise
By Fernando H. Cardoso
Source: O Globo Brasil
Apurados os votos, algumas análises se confirmaram. Primeiro, a despeito das imperfeições e críticas, nosso sistema político é, de fato, competitivo. Segundo, a competição se dá menos entre partidos do que entre lideranças. Estas não deixam de estar ligadas a partidos, claro, mas, quando aprovadas nas urnas, não consagram automaticamente seus partidos. Terceiro, por mais que partidos e máquinas governamentais tenham capacidade de arrebanhar votos e por mais que as lideranças possam influir, não decidem os resultados eleitorais, pelo menos nas grandes cidades.

November 2, 2008: "Obama es una figura política extraordinaria"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Perfil (Argentina)
Obama es una figura política extraordinaria, de las que aparecen sólo una vez en cada generación. Tiene una historia personal destacable y es un orador brillante. Su mensaje de cambio resuena en un país donde más del 80% cree que estamos yendo en la dirección equivocada.

November 1, 2008: El aterrizaje cubano
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Revista Nexos (México)
Cuba es para los EEUU política doméstica, una “provincia rebelde” y una de sus más persistentes paranoias. No se puede entender al régimen cubano, sino se tiene en cuenta esta patología política estadounidense.

November 1, 2008: Are Trends in Money Transfers to Latin America Shifting Downward? (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: FOCALPoint (Canada)
With the financial crisis in the United States, speculation about the decline in remittances to Latin America has raised concern about the impact on the economies in Latin America and the Caribbean, particularly among more remittance dependent countries. Such speculation has largely been associated to the decline of flows to Mexico, thus raising questions about the future of these flows on an international scale. However, these speculations may obscure a rather complex reality exclusive to Mexico’s history as well as to basic dynamics of migration and remitting.

November 1, 2008: Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean: Their Impact on Local Economies and The Response of Local Governments (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Decentralization and the Challenges to Democratic Governance
This report assesses the intersection of remittances with the local economies of five cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. We explore the extent to which these economies effectively absorb remittances into their productive base and the response of the local governments to these realities. The global is local: remittances go to a myriad of places outside capitals and large cities.

November 1, 2008: La Economía Local y las Respuestas de los Gobiernos Ante los Envíos de Remesas en América Latina y el Caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: La Descentralización y los Desafíos para la Gobernabilidad Democrática
El presente informe evalúa la intersección entre las remesas y las economías locales en cinco ciudades de América Latina y el Caribe. Examinamos la medida en que estas economías realmente absorben las remesas en su base productiva y las respuestas de los gobiernos locales a estas realidades. Lo mundial se vuelve local: las remesas se envían a un gran número de lugares que no son las grandes ciudades y capitales.

October 30, 2008: Relaciones Venezuela - EEUU después del 4/11
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Universal (Venezuela)
Michael Shifter ofrece su percepción acerca de posibles escenarios en las relaciones de Venezuela con los Estados Unidos en caso de resultar electo Barack Obama o John McCain.

October 30, 2008: In Memóriam: A Emilia Luzárraga
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Una cubana que dedicó su vida a la reconciliación nacional. Emilia Luzárraga de Fernández (1938-2008), Emilita para todos sus amigos, murió la madrugada del 4 de octubre. Siempre había gozado de buena salud pero, en pocos meses, su cuerpo se consumió. No así su espíritu, que se robustecía a medida que el final se acercaba.

October 27, 2008: U.S.-Latin American Relations: Recommendations for the New Administration
By Michael Shifter
Source: University of Virgina Miller Center Forum
It is crucial for senior policy officials responsible for Latin America in January 2009 to take a fresh and honest look at the divergent tendencies unfolding in the region. Tired notions about an area long regarded in the United States as its strategic prerogative should give way to a nuanced appreciation of the marked regional differentiation.

October 26, 2008: ¿Están cayendo las remesas hacia AL y el Caribe?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Ante la crisis financiera internacional y la reciente recesión económica en Estados Unidos, la discusión y especulación sobre el futuro de las remesas ha surgido como un factor que puede aún afectar más el crecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe. Esta especulación ha estado en parte asociada con la caída de las remesas a México, resaltando preguntas acerca del futuro de las remesas. Sin embargo, la caída de las remesas a México responde a realidades exclusivas de este país. Frente a esta discusión es importante entender por un lado el impacto de la crisis de la vivienda sobre los inmigrantes, así como también el curso actual de las remesas.

October 25, 2008: Y no le hicieron caso... (PDF)
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Estigmatizado por los conservadores, ultraderechistas y Wall Street, Nouriel Roubini, viene acertando desde hace cuatro años en prefigurar las tendencias de la crisis financiera y hasta aspectos tan específicos como el colapso de Lehman Brothers.

October 24, 2008: Obama mantiene su ventaja en el tramo final de la carrera
By Paul Isbell
Source: Expansión Spain
Estamos en el tramo final de las elecciones presidenciales y Barack Obama podría estar a punto de borrar a John McCain del mapa político norteamericano. Lo que parecía una contienda muy reñida hace solo un mes tiene ahora todos los visos de convertirse en una victoria clara para el senador de Illinois.

October 24, 2008: América latina no debe esperar grandes cambios
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Economista (Argentina)
Michael Schifter, del Diálogo Interamericano es uno de los especialistas más escuchados cuando se habla de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América latina. Destaca que la región ya “no está en la tapa de los diarios” y que eso es positivo porque demuestra que no es “fuente de conflictos”.

October 24, 2008: Cubans anxious about change
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Last month, Freedom House issued Change in Cuba: How Citizens View Their Country's Future, based on 180 in-depth interviews in Havana, Villa Clara, Holguín, Camagüey and Santiago de Cuba. In April 2008, five field researchers traveled to Cuba to conduct face-to-face interviews using a 35-question template on three overarching themes...

October 23, 2008: El acuerdo boliviano
By George Gray Molina
Source: Argumentos (Peru)
Del abismo a la mesa, y de la mesa al acuerdo. Luego de semanas de violencia, confinamientos políticos y diálogo interrumpido, el 21 de octubre pasado el parlamento boliviano promulgó dos leyes que modifican más de 100 artículos de la Nueva Constitución Política de Estado, llaman a referendo constitucional el 25 de enero de 2009, y llaman a elecciones generales para diciembre de 2009.

October 22, 2008: What Latin America can Expect from the Next US President
By Peter Hakim
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
With the global financial markets in turmoil and Americans increasingly anxious about their economic futures, it is not surprising that foreign policy issues –even the Iraq war and international terrorism– have more and more become a sideshow in the race for the US presidency. Earlier in the year, taking advantage of Cuban Independence Day, both Obama and McCain offered major speeches on Latin America to audiences in Miami and John McCain took the time to travel to Colombia and Mexico. The region then virtually disappeared from the two campaigns for several months. It was only in the most recent debate on 15 October that the candidates discussed a number of key issues in US-Latin American relations –including NAFTA, the signed but un-ratified US-Colombian trade agreement, and the danger of relying on oil imported from Venezuela–.

October 20, 2008: España ante el 4 de noviembre
By Paul Isbell
Source: El Pais (Spain)
Las elecciones presidenciales del 4 de noviembre en Estados Unidos representan una gran oportunidad que España no debería desaprovechar. Tras lo ocurrido durante los últimos cinco años, el inminente cambio político en Washington ofrece, tanto a España como a Estados Unidos, una posibilidad única de transformar sus relaciones bilaterales.

October 18, 2008: Remittance transfers, its marketplace and financial intermediation in Uganda: preliminary findings, lessons and recommendations (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Inter-American Development Bank
This report provides a preliminary analysis of remittance transfers to Uganda. Uganda has a longstanding migratory tradition associated with its political history and geography. Yet little is known of how large the size of the emigrant population or diaspora is or about the extent of the economic activities migrants have with Uganda. Using available albeit limited survey data, expert interviews and data collected from the Central Bank, commercial banks, microfinance institutions and foreign exchange bureaus, the study offers an analysis of remittances in Uganda.

October 15, 2008: Tendencias Actuales en las Transferencias hacia Guatemala y su Intersección con las Finanzas (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organización Internacional para las Migraciones
Presentación de la encuesta

October 15, 2008: El Retroceso al Autoritarismo
By Manuel Orozco
Source: El Nuevo Diario (Nicaragua)
El contexto político nicaragüense se ubica en un entorno de retroceso al autoritarismo, caracterizado por el ejercicio del discurso populista, la enajenación ideológica y la persecución. La victoria de Daniel Ortega confirmó la fuerza del pacto Alemán-Ortega, debilitando casi irreversiblemente el tenue nervio democrático nicaragüense, introduciendo un populismo sin fronteras como preámbulo a un gobierno que buscará constituir el autoritarismo en los próximos años.

October 13, 2008: Will the American Elections Shake Up Washington's Cuba Policy? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
On the eve of the 50th anniversary of the Cuban Revolution, the US and Cuba remain locked in a long Cold War that seems likely to persist, in some fashion, irrespective of which presidential candidate seizes the White House or how sure-footedly or ineptly Raúl Castro governs the island. The decisions on Cuba policy made by the next American President will depend to some degree on the influence of their Cuban American supporters and the political juncture that occurs in Cuba.

October 10, 2008: Russia Exploits an Opening in Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
With the expulsion last month of the US ambassadors to Bolivia and Venezuela, few were surprised to see Washington's relations with Latin America reach a new low. Far more striking is the fact the Russia's Vladimir Putin has taken advantage of receding US influence to step into the breach and actively consolidate Moscow's ties with the region.

October 10, 2008: "Nunca vi una crisis igual, claramente ya no hay ningún refugio seguro"
By Renato García Jiménez
Source: Diario Financiero (Chile)
Hoy, cuando la crisis sacude al mundo desarrollado y aumentan las críticas contra el modelo capitalista, Hakim niega que las recetas del libre Mercado hayan fracasado. Por el contrario, acusa a las autoridades de Estados Unidos y Europa de no haber seguido sus propios consejos y advierte que las consecuencias de ese error serán nefastas.

October 9, 2008: World Bank: Latin America 'Better-Built' to Withstand Crisis
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Energy Advisor
The World Bank's chief economist for Latin America and the Caribbean, Augusto de la Torre, said Wednesday the region has better "immunological capacities" than in the past to confront the global financial crisis, but that the initial effects—financial contagion, decreased demand for exports, and lower commodity prices—are already hitting home in the hemisphere.

October 9, 2008: No Way to Influence Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
The Oct. 6 editorial "A Choice for Latin America" described the regional situation in excessively stark terms, leading to a misguided policy prescription.

October 7, 2008: What World Financial Policymakers Could Learn From the Mexican Collapse of Yesteryear
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Today Mexico is suffering from the US slowdown, but its financial system is strong, and its economy very resilient in response of the strengthening of policies and institutions. Would it not be wise for US policymakers to leave their pride aside, and consult their brethren to the south, the IMF, and others for good advice on best practices for the financial system?

October 4, 2008: A arquitetura financeira
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Estadao (Brasil)
Os mecanismos de formação de crises financeiras e o modo de sua propagação são conhecidos. A situação atual repete o enredo: abundância de financiamentos, voracidade dos consumidores, relaxamento dos mecanismos de avaliação de risco, falta de fiscalização das entidades emprestadoras e confiança "inabalável" em que haverá sempre quem empreste e quem pague.

October 1, 2008: Jamaican PM "Confident" in Face of US Crisis; Warns of Tourism Decline
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Prime Minister Bruce Golding said Tuesday that Jamaica's financial system was in a good position to respond to the crisis on Wall Street, and that the biggest blow to the economy would come from an expected downturn in tourism receipts.

September 29, 2008: "Se teme avanzar hacia economia socialista," dice Peter Hakim
By Melisa Cabo
Source: Télam (Argentina)
Peter Hakim, presidente del think tank Inter-American Dialogue, sostuvo que entre los principales problemas que impiden la aprobación del salvataje financiero en Estados Unidos, se encuentra el temor a estar "avanzando hacia una economía más socialista", a la falta de concesiones por parte de los representantes y a la posible reacción pública, ante la proximidad de elecciones el 4 de noviembre.

September 28, 2008: Optan migrantes por envíos en línea
By Silvia Garduño
Source: Reforma (Mexico)
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

September 28, 2008: ‘Mienten’ paisanos sobre remesas
By Silvia Garduño
Source: Reforma (Mexico)
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

September 26, 2008: La montaña rusa de la campaña
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Estados Unidos está aprendiendo lo que América Latina aprendió hace muchos años: en política, un día es una eternidad. La campaña presidencial, ya en su recta final, ha sido una montaña rusa.

September 26, 2008: The Campaign Rollercoaster
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
The United States is now learning what most of Latin America learned many years ago: one day is a long time in politics. The presidential campaign, now in its final stretch, has been a rollercoaster.

September 25, 2008: Castros' arrogance gets in the way of help
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Hurricanes Gustav and Ike devastated Cuba. Preliminary estimates put damages at more than $5 billion. The United Nations and more than 20 countries have already sent planeloads of humanitarian aid. Many Cuban exiles, too, are sending donations in cash, clothes and food.

September 25, 2008: Las Elecciones De Estados Unidos Y Las Definiciones Cruciales Para Sus Ciudadanos
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos (Peru)
Por donde se le analice, Barack Obama debería ganar las elecciones del 4 de noviembre, si no por un tsunami, al menos por un margen significativo de votos. Este año, el ambiente general favorece nítidamente al candidato demócrata.

September 22, 2008: El país y Estados Unidos pierden con la expulsión de embajadores
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Razón (Bolivia)
El Diálogo Interamericano, un centro de pensamiento en EEUU, organizó un foro para analizar la actual situación de América Latina y los últimos conflictos entre Bolivia, Venezuela y EEUU. Después del foro, el vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, conversó con La Razón.

September 22, 2008: Still More Expensive to Have a Big Mac—and to Compete—in Latin America
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
The Big Mac exchange rate index (just issued by the Economist magazine for 2008) is attractive in its ability to capture in a universal and simple fashion changes in relative purchasing power among countries. It has serious shortcomings, as it follows only one specific product, but it captures very well major changes in prices and exchange rates.

September 20, 2008: Ecuador es diferente a Bolivia
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
Entrevista - Michael Shifter, Vicepresidente del Interamerican Dialogue

September 20, 2008: “Estados Unidos perdió influencia”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Crítica (Argentina)
Aunque La Paz y Caracas condicionaron su relación con Washington a la elección del nuevo gobierno, para Michael Shifter la región debe esperar continuidades antes que cambios después del 4 de noviembre.

September 16, 2008: Colombia then and now
By Rep. Jerry Weller
Source: The Washington Times
Today, the people of Colombia are proud of their nation's progress; they feel safer and more secure. They are making plans for the future. They have hope and you can see it in their eyes.

September 13, 2008: “Sería suicidio para Chávez cortar el suministro a EUA”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica (El Salvador)
Michael Shifter, uno de los analistas más respetados de Washington sobre Suramérica, señaló que de concretarse el apoyo militar ofrecido por el presidente venezolano, Hugo Chávez, a su par boliviano, Evo Morales, representaría un mal precedente en América Latina.

September 11, 2008: Impunity in Buenos Aires bombing
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Today we remember the 2,974 lives lost seven years ago at the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and the United 93 crash. Not that we will ever forget, but anniversaries -- whether of loss or happiness -- bring back memories in full force.

September 9, 2008: “Toda la campaña está subordinada a la problemática económica del país” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano ve por ahora muy pareja la carrera a la Casa Blanca entre el demócrata Barack Obama y el republicano John McCain, luego que ambos partidos celebraran sus respectivas convenciones.

September 8, 2008: Obama, McCain Offer Stark Contrasts on Latin America Policy
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: America.gov
Regional specialists size up candidates’ differences on Western Hemisphere.

September 7, 2008: La última batalla (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Con las propuestas sobre la mesa, el demócrata Barack Obama y el republicano John McCain salen a la caza de los indecisos.

September 7, 2008: The Final Battle
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
With their proposals on the table, the Democrat Barack Obama and the Republican John McCain go on the hunt for undecided votes.

September 3, 2008: O petróleo continuará nosso
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Não faz muito tempo, chamei a atenção nesta coluna para os desafios postos pelas descobertas de petróleo no pré-sal e para a necessidade de haver uma convergência de opiniões que permita, se for o caso, mudanças nas leis que regulamentam sua exploração. Mencionei mesmo a possibilidade de se utilizar os recursos gerados para resolver os problemas educacionais, trocando-se “minérios por neurônios”.

September 3, 2008: Afectan a las remesas políticas antimigrantes (PDF)
By Silvia Garduño
Source: Reforma (Mexico)
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

September 2, 2008: Adicción fatal
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
América Latina: ¿Son suficientes dos períodos presidenciales? La política es un deporte de contacto. En Estados Unidos lo hemos estado practicando en los últimos dieciocho meses, aunque es sólo ahora que Barack Obama y John McCain pueden ostentar, de manera oficial, los títulos de candidatos. Se augura un reñido combate, como no habíamos presenciado antes, para los próximos 60 días.

September 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: August 2008 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

September 1, 2008: Remittances and Microfinance in Latin America and the Caribbean: Steps Forward on a Long Road Ahead (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
This report looks at the relationship between international remittances and microfinance, and presents the findings from a study on 166 microfinance and credit union institutions and an in-depth case study analysis of six of them. The objective of this report consists of learning whether microfinance institutions (MFIs) are paying remittances and if so, whether they are linking remittance transfers to other financial products. Previous research on this subject has been relatively limited, yet assumptions about the organic relationship between remittances and microfinance have been made. Through this report, we aim to go one step closer in identifying patterns in this relationship.

September 1, 2008: Remittance Transfers to Armenia: Preliminary Survey Data Analysis (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
This briefing offers a preliminary data analysis associated with remittance flows and migration trends in Armenia, interpreted from the Central Bank of Armenia’s household survey. The report offers a descriptive and statistical analysis of remittance trends by assessing typical behavior among recipients and senders, and the marketplace for money transfers. The briefing also analyzes the prospects for migration and remittances in the short term and explores some patterns that may exist or shed light on the continuity of flows.

August 28, 2008: Two presidential terms is enough
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is a contact sport. In the United States, we've been at it for the past 18 months even if Barack Obama and John McCain are only now officially donning the title of candidate. The next 70 days promise a match like we've never seen before.

August 22, 2008: A la espera de una oportunidad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
No es empresa fácil proyectar una visión, a largo plazo, sobre las relaciones Estados Unidos-Cuba. En mis dos últimos artículos expuse, a grandes rasgos, cómo veo el prolongado arco histórico.

August 22, 2008: Low Intra-Regional Trade Shows Region's Lack of Dynamism
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
It is by now a boring truism to say that trade and investment have exploded in the world—more so in the developing world. The rapid rise of Asia, together with a healthy recovery of Latin America and others, has brought new possibilities for the majority of emerging countries. However, developments have not been homogeneous: Asia has been engaged in a revolutionary transformation; Latin America has pursued integration efforts for a long time, but with considerably poorer results; and Africa is only now starting the process.

August 18, 2008: High Hopes for Paraguay's New "Bishop of the Poor" President
By Elisabeth Burgess
Source: Latin America Advisor
A socialist former bishop became president of Paraguay on Friday, promising to root out corruption, secrecy, and stark inequality he says was left behind by 61 years of rule under the single banner of the Colorado Party.

August 14, 2008: A chance for normal relations
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Taking the long view on U.S.-Cuba relations isn't easy. In my two most recent columns, I laid out in broad strokes the long historical arc as I see it.

August 14, 2008: What Can We Learn From Cuba and the Dominican Republic?
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Scores from a recent region-wide student achievement test demonstrate again that an overwhelming number of Latin American children are failing to reach adequate levels in math, language, and science. But most striking is that two countries—Cuba and the Dominican Republic—scored much differently than the others.

August 7, 2008: Una enemistad de medio siglo
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Con sus altas y bajas, el conflicto entre La Habana y Washington poco ha cambiado desde la Crisis de los Misiles.

August 7, 2008: Why We Are Together
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOCAL Point
In his book, City of Words, Argentine-Canadian essayist Alberto Manguel focuses on the question “Why are we together?”, referring to the long-standing inclination of humans to congregate. That is also the question that the Western Hemisphere’s 34 elected heads of state will have to answer when they assemble next April in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago for the Fifth Summit of the Americas.

August 6, 2008: The Way Forward on Immigration: A California Perspective (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Americas Quarterly
California, America’s most populous state -- with the dimensions, economy, power and international ties if not the sovereignty of a nation -- can and should play a leading role in attempting to break the U.S. legislative impasse on immigration policy and in forging policies to integrate immigrants more successfully into twenty-first century America. It should do so because California has long-standing, unique and relevant experience with immigration; because Californians have a huge stake in reforming the country’s dysfunctional immigration regime; and because they are ready to take the lead in demonstrating positive approaches to integrating immigrants.

August 6, 2008: Una tercera Oportunidad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El Nuevo Herald
El próximo 1 de enero la revolución cubana cumple 50 años. Cabría sacar el saldo político. Prefiero, sin embargo, sacar otro: el de nuestros sentimientos.

August 6, 2008: DR-CAFTA and the Story of Chicken Little
By Rep. Jerry Weller
Three years later, as we recognized the third anniversary of Congress ratifying the trade agreement, we are witnesses to the fact the sky is not falling and trade is good for America. In fact, American workers, manufacturers and farmers have been the big winners thanks to new market access guaranteed under DR-CAFTA.

August 1, 2008: Brazil, Colombia and Mexico Lead Region in World Bank Loans
By Matthew Schewel
The World Bank invested $4.6 billion in Latin America during the 2008 fiscal year, with Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico constituting the Bank's largest finance recipients by volume, Pamela Cox, the Bank's Vice President for Latin America and the Caribbean, told a press conference on Tuesday at its headquarters in Washington, DC.

July 31, 2008: Washington, Havana must learn to live in peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
During the Cold War, the United States was of two minds regarding the Third World. Did the new nations in Africa and Asia provide fodder for Soviet expansionism?

July 31, 2008: Lecciones sabias
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Cuba y EE UU tendrán relaciones normales cuando La Habana convierta la cercanía en un valor y Washington considere con seriedad las expectativas cubanas.

July 31, 2008: Barack Obama y América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
La semana pasada, Barack Obama había podido recibir una bienvenida tan calurosa en Buenos Aires o Bogotá como la que tuvo en Berlín. Como Europa y gran parte del mundo, América Latina está cansada con George Bush y ansiosa por un cambio.

July 31, 2008: Barack Obama and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Last week Barack Obama could have easily generated a similarly warm reception in Buenos Aires or even Bogotá, as he did in Berlin. Like Europe and much of the world, Latin America is tired of George Bush and anxious for change.

July 31, 2008: As privatizações reavaliadas
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Apesar da borrasca, que vem vindo forte sobre a economia global, tem-se a impressão de que vivemos em uma ilha, espero que não seja a da fantasia. Em algum momento e em alguma medida as trovoadas atingirão nossa economia, hoje mais sólida. Dentre os fatores que nos permitem enfrentar as dificuldades globais, quatro são fundamentais: a abertura comercial, a estabilização monetária, algumas mudanças nas formas e condutas administrativas e as privatizações.

July 29, 2008: Entrevista con Jim Kolbe: Es hora de prestar más atención a los vecinos (PDF)
By Dolia Estévez
Source: Poder y Negocios
Durante más de dos décadas, Jim Kolbe y John McCain, ex congresista del quinto distrito de Arizona y senador del mismo estado, han compartido un fuerte compromiso personal con México y Latinoamérica. Han sido aliados en batallas por mejorar los lazos políticos y económicos con esos países, algunas las han ganado y otras no. En los noventa, tuvieron éxito en lograr la aprobación legislativa del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN) y fracasaron en hacer que el Congreso autorizara un paquete de rescate financiero para México. En 2007, el mismo año en que Kolbe puso fin a su trayectoria legislativa de 22 años, más no a su carrera política, no escatimaron esfuerzos en impulsar el fallido proyecto de reforma migratoria integral.

July 28, 2008: Calderon's Popularity Hinges on Success of Anti-Drug Effort
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Landen Romei
Source: Latin America Advisor
When Felipe Calderon assumed the presidency on December 2, 2006, his legitimacy was in question. On July 2, 2006, he had won the narrowest of victories over Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who cried fraud and proclaimed himself the "legitimate president."

July 23, 2008: “No hay confianza en ambos gobiernos (Bolivia y EEUU)”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Razón (Bolivia)
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, habló con La Razón en Washington DC sobre la crisis de Bolivia y las relaciones con Estados Unidos. Por el Diálogo Interamericano han pasado principales políticos, pensadores y analistas de diferentes tendencias. Sobre el tema boliviano han participado analistas, gente del Gobierno y los prefectos opositores.

July 17, 2008: Sober lessons from relations with Mexico
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Great powers have rarely tempered their actions out of respect for their weaker neighbors. U.S.-Mexican relations are a case in point. By 1850, Mexico had lost half of its territory to U.S. expansionism, a loss that suffused Mexican political culture with a mistrust of the United States that lingers still.

July 10, 2008: El parto de la democracia
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Chile es una historia de éxito en América Latina. El ingreso per cápita creció de $4,720, en 1990, a $13,936, en el año 2007.

July 9, 2008: Comienza la posguerra en Colombia
By Joaquin Villalobos
Source: El País
En Colombia fue necesario darle una oportunidad a la guerra. La paz negociada debe ser siempre el propósito fundamental en un conflicto, pero, en algunas ocasiones, pretenderla a toda costa puede significar la prolongación de la guerra.

July 9, 2008: Latin American Energy Efficiency Gains Lagging Rest of World
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Often we look at important worldwide economic issues, and we find evidence that Latin America is well positioned but losing out to the rest of the world. The region's GDP per capita is higher than in any other emerging area of the world, but the gap is narrowing fast. The region is a major food and oil exporter, but policies do not help reduce vulnerabilities to price fluctuations; and gas and oil resources are declining at a dangerous pace. This month my column deals with energy use. The picture again is mixed, with relatively high efficiency but limited gains at a time of a re-emerging energy crisis.

July 6, 2008: La Mandela colombiana
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
La semana pasada apareció una Mandela en Colombia. En el helicóptero que llevaba a Ingrid Betancourt a la libertad después de más de seis años de sufrimientos también viajaban César y Gafas, dos de los líderes del grupo de las FARC a cargo de su custodia y quienes eran los responsables de muchas de las crueldades que sufrió la ex candidata presidencial.

July 6, 2008: Chávez comprendió a tiempo que las FARC le restaban (PDF)
By Interview with Teodoro Petkoff
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
El director del diario Tal Cual y opositor al régimen venezolano plantea que el fin del chavismo y del terorismo en Colombia se avizora en el horizonte.

July 3, 2008: Growing pains of democracy, development
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Chile is Latin America's success story. Per capita income has grown from $4,720 in 1990 to $13,936 in 2007.

July 3, 2008: ‘A Devastating Blow’
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Newsweek
Michael Shifter, an expert on Latin American politics at the Inter-American Dialogue, spoke to Newsweek's Katie Paul about how the rescue could affect regional politics and the future of the FARC.

July 3, 2008: E.U. celebra el rescate pero piensa en el TLC
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter, Vicepresidente de Política de Diálogo Interamericano en Washington, E.U., le dijo a El Colombiano que las celebraciones más que obvias por el rescate de los 15 secuestrados por las Farc, no borran el ambiente de preocupación que existe en sectores demócratas de su país.

July 1, 2008: Leaving schools behind
By Michael Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
As their nominations become sealed, senators Barack Obama and John McCain are now fine-tuning their discourses about the major substantive issues of the day. One such discourse that will find its way into a myriad of others, assuredly, is the multifaceted conundrum of education in the US.

July 1, 2008: Las papas queman: causas y consecuencias de la carestia alimentaria (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
Source: NEXOS
Hasta hace poco tiempo, irónicamente, la queja principal de los países en desarrollo era que los precios de los productos agrícolas se mantenían artificialmente bajos en el mercado internacional—y con ello se dejaba fuera de la competencia a millones de productores--debido a la política de subsidios hacia el sector en los países avanzados. La injusticia prevaleciente en las reglas del juego, se decía, condenaba a una parte del mundo en desarrollo a vivir en la pobreza.

June 30, 2008: “Sería un suicidio si Uribe se la juega con McCain”: Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Semana (Colombia)
El analista de asuntos latinoamericanos en Washington, Michael Shifter, dice que si Uribe se la juega con el candidato republicano podría afectar la eventual aprobación del TLC en el Congreso gringo.

June 29, 2008: Los milagrosos efectos del petróleo caro
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
El precio del petróleo ha llegado a los 150 dólares por barril, un récord sin precedentes y la causa de grandes males. Pero no todas las consecuencias del petróleo caro son malas. Por ejemplo, el total de kilómetros por mes viajados en coche por los estadounidenses sufrió la más abrupta caída desde 1949 y el número de usuarios del transporte colectivo está batiendo récords.

June 27, 2008: La Visita de McCain
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
La visita de McCain puede no darle mucho en el aspecto electoral, pero indirectamente puede estimular un debate de mayor calidad, altamente necesario en Estados Unidos, al sacar a la luz los desafíos en Colombia y México.

June 27, 2008: McCain's Visit to Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
McCain’s visit may not yield much for him electorally, but by shining a light on the challenges in Colombia and Mexico, it may indirectly help stimulate a higher quality and sorely needed debate on these pressing issues.

June 25, 2008: La solución es el mercado
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Cuba Encuentro
El crecimiento global es la historia que destaca en nuestros tiempos", escribe Fareed Zakaria en su notable libro The Post-American World, cuya lectura es recomendable. El subtítulo, The Rise of the Rest, nos dice la razón por la que estamos en la cúspide de un verdadero orden global.

June 22, 2008: Raúl Castro must reform agriculture and economy
By Interview with Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Foreign Exchange with Daljit Dhaliwal
Marifeli Pérez-Stable discusses Raúl Castro's recent reforms and US policy towards Cuba.

June 19, 2008: Markets, not aid, are the solution
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''Global growth is the big story of our times,'' says Fareed Zakaria in his must-read book, The Post-American World. His subtitle -- The Rise of the Rest -- tells the story of why we're at the cusp of a truly global order.

June 17, 2008: Violencia contra periodistas: Voz de alarma
By Denise Dresser
Source: Presentation at Conference on Violence against Journalists and Impunity in Mexico
México entre los 15 países del mundo más peligrosos para ser periodista.... Donde cargar con una grabadora o una cámara de televisión o una libreta puede ser una actividad de alto riesgo. Donde hacer preguntas incómodas puede acarrear consecuencias mortales.

June 13, 2008: Falando de Educação
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
A convite do projeto TODOS PELA EDUCAÇÃO, que particípio e apoio desde sua criação, assisti na última terça feira a interessante apresentação feita pela McKinsey, prestigiosa empresa de consultoria internacional sobre o desafio da educação.

June 12, 2008: The prospects for US/Latin American relations after a new US president takes office next year.
By Michael Shifter
Source: Oxford Analytica
With the presidential candidates set and the campaign underway, details about the Latin America policy of Senators Barack Obama and John McCain should become clearer, and key issues in hemispheric policy will feature in the general election campaign -- particularly immigration and trade.

June 10, 2008: Obama, McCain y A. Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Aunque Obama hizo un discurso de amplio espectro, los medios se centraron en un tema: Cuba. El contraste entre los dos candidatos respecto a esta cuestión es considerable.

June 10, 2008: ¿Cuánto puede durar un “empate catastrófico”?
By Carlos Basombrío Iglesias
Source: Peru21
Evo Morales sigue siendo un presidente con mandato fuerte y con la sólida adhesión de la mitad de los bolivianos. Pero, a la vez, tiene a la otra mitad, no sólo en contra, sino en abierta desobediencia a su gobierno, actuando por fuera del marco legal, promoviendo un proyecto político, social y económico totalmente incompatible con el suyo.

June 10, 2008: Obama, McCain and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Old habits die hard. Though Obama, the likely Democratic nominee, gave a wide-ranging address, the media predictably focused on a single issue: Cuba.

June 9, 2008: Help opposition to restore democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Once again Hugo Chávez may be overreaching. On May 28, a spine-chilling intelligence decree went into effect.

June 8, 2008: ¿Obama y Colombia, una política contradictoria?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La posición de Barack Obama frente a Colombia podría parecer contradictoria para muchos, pues mientras se opone al Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) con Estados Unidos, apoya fuertemente los esfuerzos de seguridad del Gobierno colombiano. Esa contradicción, sin embargo, no es percibida por el candidato demócrata y ni por muchos de los miembros de su partido.

June 8, 2008: Barack Obama and Colombia, a Contradictory Policy?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Barack Obama’s positions on Colombia – he opposes the free trade agreement with the United States but strongly supports the government’s security efforts – may seem contradictory to many in Colombia, but the Democratic nominee and many in his political party see no such inconsistency.

June 6, 2008: Challenge for Mexican Education "Alliance" is Execution
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
The "Alliance for Education Quality," approved on May 15 by Mexican President Felipe Calderon and the powerful head of the national teachers' union, Elba Esther Gordillo, aims to transform Mexico's poorly performing public schools into a key tool for promoting social advancement and international competitiveness.

June 4, 2008: Fernandez's Easy Victory in the DR Belies Tough Road Ahead
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
On May 16, President Leonel Fernandez romped to victory in the Dominican Republic's presidential elections and won a coveted third term in office. Despite sporadic political violence that claimed three lives, Fernandez declared the election to be a 'democratic fiesta' and called for a national celebration. But he quickly warned that 'the country must return to normalcy to face the challenges of adverse international conditions.' Indeed, while the Dominican Republic has thrived under Fernandez's leadership, many deeply rooted challenges remain.

June 3, 2008: Developing Asia Could Catch Up to Latin America by 2030
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
This column briefly presents some per capita income projections through 2030. The results suggest a declining relative position of the region in the world.

June 1, 2008: Buen nombre, mala idea
By Moises Naim
Source: El País (Spain)
¿Estaría usted de acuerdo con que se formara una alianza mundial de naciones democráticas? Al club sólo serían admitidos países democráticos que se comprometieran a no usar la fuerza para dirimir conflictos entre sí.

June 1, 2008: A China das pessoas
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora (Brazil)
Estive na China nos dez últimos dias de maio. Na primeira vez em que andei por lá, em 1995, era presidente da República. Em visita oficial vêem-se muitos tapetes vermelhos, conversa-se com os líderes políticos, há muitos banquetes, mas pouco se vê do povo.

June 1, 2008: Planting the seeds of financial inclusion: financial literacy for remittance recipients in Moldova (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Labour Organisation
From December 2007 through May 2008, the IOM and ILO collaborated on a financial literacy project conducted with Moldovan remittance recipients. The sessions took place at 10 branches at four banks (Banca di Economi, Eurocredit Bank, FIncombank, Mobias Bank,) and several Savings and Credit Associations. This report presents the findings of the project and is based on interviews with educators, and analysis of an intake evaluation form administered to the nearly 7,000 remittance recipients who participated.

June 1, 2008: La Economía Local y Las Respuestas De Los Gobiernos Ante Los Envíos de Remesas en América Latina y El Caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organización de los Estados Americanos
El presente informe evalúa la intersección entre las remesas y las economías locales en cinco ciudades de América Latina y el Caribe. Examinamos la medida en que estas economías realmente absorben las remesas en su base productiva y las respuestas de los gobiernos locales a estas realidades. Lo mundial se vuelve local: las remesas se envían a un gran número de lugares que no son las grandes ciudades y capitales.

June 1, 2008: Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean: Their Impact on Local Economies and the Response of Local Governments (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organization of American States
This report assesses the intersection of remittances with the local economies of five cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. We explore the extent to which these economies effectively absorb remittances into their productive base and the response of the local governments to these realities. The global is local: remittances go to a myriad of cities outside large capitals and cities.

May 30, 2008: McCain Has Bold Vision for Improved Ties With Latin America
By Jim Kolbe
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Jim Kolbe essay on Senator McCain's Latin America policy, as published in the May 30, 2008 issue of the Latin America Advisor.

May 29, 2008: Clinton Would Work to Restore US Credibility in the Region
By Lee Feinstein
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Lee Feinstein essay on Senator Clinton's Latin America policy, as published in the May 29, 2008 issue of the Latin America Advisor.

May 28, 2008: Barack Obama tiene todo para ganar la Presidencia
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: La Nacion (Chile)
En una charla organizada ayer por la Universidad de las Américas en un hotel de Santiago, Hakim destacó las cualidades que hacen de Obama un "político comparable con dirigentes de la talla de Ronald Reagan"

May 28, 2008: Experto estadounidense dice que su país "está más distante que nunca" de América Latina
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Mercurio (Chile)
El conflicto en Irak, las alzas en el precio internacional del petróleo y la compleja situación de su economía son temas que hoy generan deseos de cambios radicales entre los norteamericanos y que estarían sentando las bases de lo que será el trabajo del próximo Presidente de ese país, según afirmó hoy en Chile el presidente de la entidad Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim.

May 27, 2008: México en guerra
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: El Diario de Hoy (El Salvador)
La marihuana es considerada inofensiva y es la más popular de todas las drogas. Quienes la consumen no dimensionan la actividad criminal a la que dan soporte cuando la compran.

May 25, 2008: Hablemos de mujeres
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
Nunca antes les había ido tan bien. En el mundo de hoy hay más mujeres con poder, dinero y trabajo remunerado que nunca antes. Estas tendencias se han acelerado en las últimas dos décadas.

May 22, 2008: FARC's a 'hot potato'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Interpol’s technical report is crystal clear: Colombia did not alter the computers salvaged from the rubble of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) camp in Ecuador on March 1. Evaluating the substantive content of the 10,000 files is another matter altogether.

May 22, 2008: Nuestra responsabilidad es detener la imposición de un proyecto totalitario
By interview with Jorge Quiroga Ramírez
Source: La Razon (Bolivia)
Lo que enfrentamos es la extensión del modelo chavista en el hemisferio, que ha puesto sus garras en Bolivia hace muchos años y que tiene un gobierno títere y sumiso a sus designios hegemónicos, totalitarios y autoritarios.

May 18, 2008: Lula versus Chávez
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
Mientras Hugo Chávez se dedica a insultar a la Interpol, Lula da Silva celebra a Standard &Poor's. La Interpol existe para combatir el crimen internacional y Standard&Poor's para evaluar riesgos de inversión. Las dos acaban de emitir importantes informes.

May 17, 2008: Uruguay y la región tienen que acentuar reformas económicas (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
El vicepresidente de la influyente institución Diálogo Interamericano, no rehúye ninguna pregunta sobre el actual panorama político, económico y diplomático en el continente. De acuerdo con Shifter, la crisis en ese país afectará mínimamente al Cono Sur, aunque éste deberá estar prevenido y no caer “en la complacencia”. Tampoco cree que el sucesor del presidente GeorgeW. Bush en EE.UU. traiga un cambio en el vínculo con la región. Para él, las ideas de un “Socialismo del Siglo XXI” tampoco son la respuesta.

May 15, 2008: Letter to the editor
By Nora Lustig
Source: The Economist

May 13, 2008: China's Relationship with Latin America
By Ambassador Zhou Wenzhong

May 8, 2008: Free trade could benefit all partners
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Free trade is getting a bum rap everywhere. Long gone is the spirit of the early 1990s when the Americas jointly raised the banner of integration.

May 7, 2008: Consulta popular como alternativa para dirimir las diferencias sobre la reforma política
By Marta Lucía Ramírez de Rincón
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
En días pasados, propuse la inmediata convocatoria presidencial a una Gran Alianza por la Ética en la política y a una Consulta Popular obedeciendo a la urgencia histórica que provoca la crisis política actual.

May 1, 2008: Inventar o Futuro
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora (Brazil)
Na segunda feira desta semana participei de um encontro em Santiago para comemorar os sessenta anos da Cepal. Na ocasião Alain Touraine fez uma conferência admirável na qual reviu a contribuição de Raul Prebisch e seus seguidores para a compreensão da América Latina.

May 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: May 2008 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

May 1, 2008: Bolivia, Ecuador y Venezuela, la refundación andina (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Política Exterior
Morales, Correa y Chávez llegaron al poder con la promesa de una transformación política radical. El punto de partida ha sido poner en marcha nuevas constituciones en Bolivia, Ecuador y Venezuela, una estrategia con resultados inesperados e inciertos para los presidentes.

May 1, 2008: Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela: The Andean Refoundation
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Política Exterior (Spain)
Constitutional assemblies are an increasingly popular solution to political dissatisfaction in the Andean region of South America. But the sharp differences in these two images, of leaders at different ends of the constitutional cycle, illustrate that these promises to engineer profound, deep-seeded change have significant limitations and drawbacks.

May 1, 2008: Entre “Santa Hillary” y “Obama, el que todo lo puede” (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Las interesantísimas elecciones primarias de los Estados Unidos, a punto de batir un récord Guiness por su duración, debido a la intensa contienda entre Hillary y Obama, son analizadas en típico-estilo-Michael Shifter.

May 1, 2008: Between "Saint Hillary" and "Omnipotent Obama"
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
The fascinating and intense battle between Hillary and Obama in the Democratic primary, on pace to set a world endurance record, are analyzed by Michael Shifter.

April 30, 2008: Upgrade for Peru Follows Decade of Strong Economic Results
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Peru, the seventh-largest economy in Latin America, was recently granted investment-grade status by Fitch Ratings. This action can be expected to be followed by the other two international rating agencies. Peru thus joins a very exclusive regional club, up to now only consisting of Chile and Mexico.

April 27, 2008: ¿Cuánto vale un nombre? (PDF)
By Moises Naim
Source: El País (Spain)
El estudio ilumina algunas interesantes tendencias del mundo actual, y que van más allá de los temas relacionados con negocios, marcas y mercadeo que motivaron la investigación.

April 27, 2008: Llegó el tiempo de dar protección y garantías
By Ricardo Lagos
Source: Clarin (Argentina)
El crecimiento económico de América latina conduce al reto de definir qué futuro queremos conformar.

April 25, 2008: Impacto do aumento da taxa de juros
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Como se comentava, o COPOM, Conselho de Política Monetária, reunido na semana passada aumentou em meio por cento a taxa SELIC. A elevação estava sendo projetada justificada pelo aquecimento da demanda agregada. Com essa elevação de meio ponto percentual estamos novamente entre os líderes das taxas reais de juros que remuneram investidores.

April 24, 2008: Let's find common ground for a free Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Between April 10-13, 200 Cuban-American students and recently minted professionals gathered at Duke University for the annual meeting of Raíces de Esperanza. Older folks like me also participated in what has become a spring rite of conversations about Cuba.

April 22, 2008: Latin America, Caribbean the Focus of China-Taiwan Tussle
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
On March 22, Taiwan's hard-fought presidential election produced political shockwaves that sent ripples all the way to Latin America when Ma Ying-jeou led the Koumintang nationalist party back to power for the first time since 2000.

April 20, 2008: Betty la Fea (PDF)
By Moises Naim
Source: El País (Spain)
América Latina es Betty la Fea.

April 20, 2008: Un consejo para el próximo presidente
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
Incluso cuando las opiniones latinoamericanas sobre Estados Unidos mejoraron en el último año, la calidad de las relaciones estadounidenses con las naciones de la región sigue siendo pobre, al igual que la credibilidad de EU en asuntos regionales. Para reparar el daño, el próximo presidente del país deberá revertir sustancialmente las políticas globales de la Casa Blanca de Bush al tiempo que, paradójicamente, se apega a la agenda sobre políticas de la administración para Latinoamérica.

April 17, 2008: Los obstáculos al TLC con E.U.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Se les puede perdonar a los colombianos que no entiendan por qué el TLC de su país con Estados Unidos fue frenado. El problema en este caso es que el pensamiento racional no ofrece una explicación satisfactoria.

April 17, 2008: Obstacles Facing the Free Trade Agreement with the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Colombians can be forgiven if they have trouble understanding precisely why their country’s free trade agreement with the United States has been put on hold. In this case, the problem may be that rational thought does not offer a satisfactory explanation.

April 14, 2008: Lesson of Sao Paulo Reforms: Get the Public on Your Side
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
Sao Paulo's state school system, already one of the largest in Latin America, now seeks to become one of the most innovative as well.

April 13, 2008: Conselhos para o próximo presidente dos EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Para reparar os danos, o próximo presidente terá de reverter as políticas globais da Casa Branca de George W. Bush.

April 13, 2008: Advice for the Next US President
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de São Paulo Brazil
To repair the damage, the next American president will need to substantially reverse the global policies of the Bush White House while, paradoxically, sticking closely to the Administration’s substantive agenda for Latin America.

April 12, 2008: ¿Le dará pulmonía a AL?
By Nora Lustig
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
Dice el dicho que cuando Estados Unidos se resfría al resto del mundo le da pulmonía. La situación actual podría ser aún más ominosa porque el que parece tener pulmonía es el vecino del norte. Sin embargo, a diferencia de otros tiempos en que nuestros países se caracterizaban por tener una gran vulnerabilidad ante situaciones externas adversas, la buena noticia es que hoy la región está mejor preparada para los embates de la economía globalizada.

April 10, 2008: The Surest Road to Peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Abiding by the simple principles embodied in the fragile détente forged in the Dominican Republic and seconded by the OAS -- sovereignty and security -- is the surest road to peace.

April 6, 2008: La región vista desde Estados Unidos (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
Las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Sudamérica, las pugnas internas en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN), el gobierno de Evo Morales y su alianza con el presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez, la “izquierda” en Latinoamérica, las posibilidades discursivas del Socialismo del Siglo XXI...

April 6, 2008: The Region as Seen from the United States
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
Relations between the United States and South America, internal conflict in the Andes, the government of Evo Morales and his alliance with President Chávez of Venezuela, the left in Latin America, the possibilities for Socialism for the 21st Century...

April 4, 2008: Cenário Político nas Américas e Relação com os Estado Unidos (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economia
Three important issues from this year's US political campaign will affect Latin America: trade, immigration and Cuba.

April 4, 2008: Previdência no Brasil e o déficit que se acumula (PDF)
By Roberto Texeira da Costa
Source: AméricaEconomia
O atual sistema previdenciário do Brasil, no qua los trabalhadores atuais financíam a aposentadoria dos idosos, com retençao na fonte, representa um déficit equivalente a 1,93 vez o PIB do País, se projetarmos o que se perderá daqui a 2050.

April 1, 2008: Oportunidade perdida
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora
Preparei este artigo antes de viajar para os Estados Unidos onde participo, hoje, de uma série de discussões na Universidade de Brown, em comemoração aos quarenta anos da primeira edição do livro que fiz com Enzo Faletto sobre Dependência e Desenvolvimento na América Latina. É a minha despedida de Brown, depois de haver sido professor at large (título que requereu curta permanência docente anual) durante cinco anos.

April 1, 2008: Cristina Fernandez's First 100 Days Marked by Turbulence
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez, Jr.
Source: Latin America Advisor.
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner recently celebrated her first 100 days as Argentina's president. While her approval ratings remain relatively high (between 47 and 65 percent), the initial period of her presidency has been turbulent.

April 1, 2008: Book Review of "Cuba's Aborted Reform" and "Cuba Transnational" (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 50, No. 1
Fidel Castro, it has been said, is a brilliant politician but a terrible economist. In their new book, Carmelo Mesa-Lago and Jorge Pérez-López, express little opinion about the Cuban leader's political talents, but they clearly agree with the most pessimistic assessments of his economic management.

March 31, 2008: Rising Food Costs Good for Some Countries, Bad for Others
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
The turmoil in the energy markets has been at the center of our collective concerns in the recent past. However, the year 2008 brings us face-to-face with another major crisis, which some newspapers call "the end of cheap food."

March 28, 2008: The Nicaraguan diaspora: trends and opportunities for diaspora engagement in skills transfers and development (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Office for Economic Co-operation and Developmen
This paper presents an analysis of the migration patterns of Nicaraguans over the past thirty years and using household survey data also looks at the characteristics of skilled migration from the country. Moreover the paper explains the characteristics of Nicaraguan association and their current capacity to work on their home country development. The paper also provides four recommendations as policy opportunities for cooperation with diasporas on skills transfers and attainment among Nicaraguans.

March 27, 2008: Education is the key
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin America is doing better but still not good enough. One reason lies in the quality of its labor force and its schools.

March 24, 2008: Spain and U.S.: Latin Partners?
By Eric Farnsworth and Christian Gomez
Source: Latin Business Chronicle
The re-election of Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero on March 9 was noted without enthusiasm in Washington. After all, soon after his first election in 2004, Zapatero fulfilled a campaign promise when he hastily withdrew Spanish troops from Iraq, and he remains the only EU leader who has not met with President Bush.

March 23, 2008: EE.UU. mantendría relaciones con un gobierno de izquierda (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Diario de Hoy (El Salvador)
Independientemente de quién gane las elecciones presidenciales en Estados Unidos en noviembre próximo, el nuevo gobierno de ese país respetará la decisión quelos salvadoreños tomen en las urnas en 2009. Así opinan los politólogos entrevistados por El Diario de Hoy en Washington.

March 22, 2008: Bush Not Making the Grade on Education Pledge to Central America
By Michael Lisman and Megan Fletcher
Source: South Florida Sun-Sentinel
This time last year, President Bush promised that more U.S. aid would be channeled to education projects through a new U.S.-Latin America policy focus on the region's "social agenda." Yet today, one year later, U.S. commitment to education in Central America is declining.

March 21, 2008: Otra Política
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Cuba sigue siendo una dictadura a pesar de los cambios en los cargos y de los movimientos en los puestos dentro del círculo de poder. Ni Fidel ni Raúl Castro toleran a la oposición política o respetan las libertades civiles. Ambos se sienten amenazados por los ciudadanos que reúnen firmas, como hizo Osvaldo Payá; por los que promueven la sociedad civil, como hace Martha Beatriz Roque; por los que defienden una izquierda democrática, como los integrantes del Arco Progresista; o por los que se unen al movimiento Yo No Coopero, que busca la no participación de los ciudadanos en la Cuba oficial.

March 20, 2008: Gangorra ou Montanha Russa?
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
O prestigioso jornal The New York Times publicou em sua edição de 19 de março, provocativa matéria com o título “Se você não consegue entender a crise de crédito, junte-se ao clube.”

March 20, 2008: Raul Castro Raises Hopes for Economic Reforms in Cuba
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor .
In his February 24 inauguration speech, Raul Castro gave clues to the careful balancing act that he will have to achieve as he consolidates his power as Cuba's new president.

March 19, 2008: Colombia perdió un poco: no esperaba tantas críticas
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
¿Quién es el perdedor y el ganador de esta crisis que ha sido superada?Primero diría que los grandes perdedores son las FARC, perdieron a su líder poderoso y ya quedó muy claro que Ecuador no va a proteger a la guerrilla. Colombia gana, en cierta forma, porque eliminó a un líder importante, era el comunicador de las FARC.

March 19, 2008: Elecciones paraguayas, con peso en Argentina y Brasil
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: Clarín (Argentina)
Parece improcedente hablar de las elecciones presidenciales en Paraguay, ya que todas las miradas están enfocadas hacia los Estados Unidos.

March 16, 2008: Estados Unidos y su "patio trasero" (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Washington jugó un rol marginal para calmar la reciente crisis entre los países andinos. El rol fue cumplido esencialmente por los latinoamericanos, en especial Brasil, Chile, República Dominicana, el Grupo de Río y la Organización de los Estados Americanos.

March 16, 2008: The United States and its "Backyard"
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Washington played a strikingly marginal role in calming the recent Andean crisis. That role was left essentially to the Latin Americans - especially Brazil, Chile, the Dominican Republic, the Rio Group and the Organization of American States, under the leadership of Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza.

March 13, 2008: Review laws on travel, remittances
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Despite all the changes of titles and position-shuffling within the ruling circle, Cuba remains a dictatorship. Neither Fidel nor Raúl Castro brooks political opposition or respects civil liberties.

March 10, 2008: Mejores vecinos
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: AméricaEconomía
En menos de un año EE.UU. estrenará un nuevo presidente y un nuevo Congreso. En cuanto asuman, tendrán muchos temas que enfrentar: guerras en Irak y Afganistán, crisis en Pakistán y un posible conflicto con Irán, sin olvidar el cambio climático, el surgimiento de China e India, el conflicto palestino-israelí, la recesión económica, la inmigración ilegal y otros desafíos domésticos como problemas de cobertura de salud, reforma tributaria y educación.

March 7, 2008: La vieja guardia mueve los hilos
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Lo que sucedió en La Habana el pasado 24 de febrero me recordó a Moscú a principios de la década del ochenta. Después de la muerte de Leonid Breshnev, dos viejos —primero, el más liberal Yuri Andrópov, y luego, el momificado Konstantin Chernenko— gobernaron la Unión Soviética. No fue sino hasta 1985 que el más juvenil Mijaíl Gorbachov tomó las riendas del Kremlin. El resto es historia.

March 6, 2008: Change in Cuba?
By Christian Gomez, Jr.
Source: Foreign Policy Digest
On February 19, Fidel Castro, 81, announced his permanent retirement as Cuba's president. At the time of his announcement, Fidel had served as head of state for 49 years, making him the second longest ruling head of state in the world behind Queen Elizabeth.

March 6, 2008: 'Lula' debería asumir un liderazgo para encontrarle salidas a la crisis
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
A pesar de todo, hay buenas noticias en medio de los hechos de los últimos días.

March 5, 2008: 'Lula' should show leadership to end the crisis
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
While the prospect of interstate war is clearly ominous and unnerving, there is some good news buried in the chain of events unfolding in the Andes.

March 3, 2008: Vigiar sem punir
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora
Tomo emprestado, modificando-o, o título de Michel Foucault, assim como poderia ter intitulado este comentário Crime sem castigo, parodiando Dostoievsky.

March 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: February 2008 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Ferro
Dear Readers, This year starts with important developments. Worldwide, remittances grew between 6 and 20 percent year-on-year in 2007, with the exception of Mexico, where growth was only 3 percent. These numbers may indicate that more mature markets have reached a point of stability. Meanwhile, large and small companies are introducing mobile devices as money transfer mechanisms. This move reflects a money transfer industry exploring technology applications as a means to expand their revenues while coping with challenges within their institutions. Moreover, this issue highlights how financial institutions are increasingly catering to migrants or remittance recipients with different financial products. We also include a guest note discussing the concept and practice of the “productizing of remittances,” and a research note on the role of exclusive agreements and how competing money transfer operators are dealing with these contractual clauses.

February 28, 2008: Latin American Labor Protections Increase Informality, Poverty
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
Latin American labor markets are a portrait of contradictions: complex and far-reaching worker protection legislation, significant unemployment, and a high degree of economic informality, not to speak of poverty and inequality.

February 28, 2008: Same old guard pulling the strings
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
What happened in Havana on Sunday reminded me of Moscow in the early 1980s. After Leonid Brezhnev's passing, two old men -- first, the more open-minded Yuri Andropov, then the mummified Konstantin Chernenko -- ruled the Soviet Union.

February 23, 2008: Para aprimorar as políticas dos EUA
By Abraham Lowenthal
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Em menos de um ano, um novo presidente e um novo Congresso americanos assumirão. Muitas questões vão requerer pronta atenção: as guerras no Iraque e no Afeganistão, a potencial implosão do Paquistão, um possível conflito com o Irã, a evidência crescente da mudança climática e seus efeitos, as proezas econômicas da China e da Índia e as implicações globais de sua ascensão, as incertezas israelo-palestinas - para não mencionar uma recessão econômica se aprofundando, a forte agitação sobre imigração ilegal, uma crescente crise no sistema de saúde, tomar importantes decisões em política fiscal e, evidentemente, a necessidade de se concentrar em questões relacionadas à educação e em outros desafios domésticos.

February 22, 2008: Se va Bush, ¿qué viene? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú Económico
Los latinoamericanos y quienes siguen los sucesos en la región crecientemente se hacen la inevitable pregunta: ¿Cómo cambiará la nueva administración la política de EEUU hacia América Latina?

February 22, 2008: Bush is leaving, what is coming? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú Económico
Latin Americans and those who follow the region are increasingly asking the inevitable question: How will the new administration change US policy towards Latin America?

February 20, 2008: El mensaje de Fidel
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
El mensaje de Fidel Castro —“no aspiraré ni aceptaré el cargo de Presidente del Consejo de Estado y Comandante en Jefe”— no debió sorprendernos. Recientemente había escrito sobre la necesidad de abrirle paso a las nuevas generaciones y también que no debía aferrarse a cargos.

February 20, 2008: Preocupante ranking de desempeño estudiantil
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Publicado en el Latin America Advisor, el boletín diario del Diálogo Interamericano.
Una vez más los países de Latinoamérica se ubicaron en los últimos lugares de un ranking que clasifica a países de acuerdo con los puntajes promedio obtenidos en una prueba internacional de desempeño estudiantil. ¿Cómo podemos interpretar este pobre resultado?

February 15, 2008: Forces from within are demanding changes
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Was Eliécer Avila -- one of the students who questioned Cuban National Assembly President Ricardo Alarcón in a widely circulated video -- arrested on Feb. 9? An independent journalist filed a report to that effect.

February 14, 2008: Toward Improved U.S. Policies in the Americas
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
In less than a year, a new U.S. President and Congress will take office. Many issues will require their prompt attention: the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, Pakistan’s potential implosion, possible conflict with Iran, growing evidence of climate change and its effects, the economic prowess of China and India and the global implications of their rise, the Israel-Palestine quandary—not to mention a deepening economic recession, turmoil over unauthorized immigration, a growing health care crisis, major decisions on tax policy and the evident need to focus on education and other domestic challenges.

February 8, 2008: Difícil Fazer Previsões
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Tenho o hábito de guardar artigos, charges, comunicados, palestras, notícias importantes e por aí afora. Remexendo antigos papéis encontrei três cartoons, que com mais de 25 anos não perderam sua atualidade.

February 7, 2008: Michael Shifter: Si Obama o Clinton ganan finalmente las elecciones, la relación de EE.UU. con América Latina mejorará
By Michael Shifter (interview)
Source: ideele Radio (Peru)
Si Barack Obama o Hillary Clinton, logran finalmente ganar las elecciones presidenciales en Estados Unidos, la relación entre este país y América Latina mejorará, pues se abriría un mayor clima de confianza, aseguró el vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter.

February 6, 2008: Region's Govts Need to Develop Demand for Quality Education
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
A former Latin American president, reflecting on the difficulty of improving his country's schools, recently observed that: "for a politician, education costs money and produces nothing; it is a net negative process."

February 4, 2008: The Macroeconomic Environment for Competitiveness in Latin America (PDF)
By Claudio M. Loser
Under the basic premise that macroeconomic stability is a pre-condition for competitiveness, this article reviews some of the key principles that determine the basis for good macroeconomic performance, the recent experience of the region in this regard, and some lessons for the future. Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. NOTE: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been reviewed or edited. The definitive version of this extract may be found in the work Can Latin America Compete?: confronting the challenges of globalization edited by Jerry Haar and John Price, which can be purchased from http://www.palgrave-usa.com/catalog/product.aspx?isbn=1403975434.

February 1, 2008: Proponen 'tratamiento intensivo' para salvar el Tratado de Libre Comercio
By Sergio Gómez Maseri
Published in El Tiempo - El documento, escrito por su director Peter Hakim, parte de la base que los demócratas no han cerrado la puerta a la consideración del TLC en el legislativo y menciona, como prueba de ello, el respaldo que el partido sigue brindando a Colombia demostrado en la aprobación de nuevos recursos para el Plan Colombia y en las palabras recientes de sus principales líderes.

February 1, 2008: Requiem for the Monroe Doctrine (PDF)
By Dan Erikson
Published in Current History - The United States has long been suspicious of foreign powers that meddled in the Western Hemisphere. In recent years, Latin America’s increasingly diverse international relations have stoked such fears anew, as the region has drawn closer to Washington’s global rivals at a moment when us influence is facing unprecedented challenges.

February 1, 2008: Building Human Capital: Is Latin American Education Competitive? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Can Latin America Compete?: Confronting the Challenges of Globalization (Haar and Price, ed.)
Latin America’s ability to compete successfully in global markets depends significantly on the quality of its labor force, which in turn depends on the quality of its schools. By making learning the chief measure of success and making schools accountable to citizens, countries can take a major step forward in strengthening their competitiveness. Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. NOTE: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been reviewed or edited.

February 1, 2008: A New Path for Latin America? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Even without the constitutional amendments, Chávez’s unbridled ambition and appetite for power have already produced virtual one-man rule, devoid of any institutional checks or constraints. Latin America, it appears, must find other models for effective governance and sustainable prosperity.

January 31, 2008: Has defeat at the polls deterred Chávez?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Hugo Chávez is all over the place. One day, he's basking in the release of two Colombian women held hostage by the FARC for years.

January 30, 2008: Analistas consideran un error forzar aval para el TLC
By Portafolio
Published in Portafolio (Colombia) - El presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, dijo que estrategias que obliguen al Congreso de E.U. a considerar el TLC sería lesivo.

January 29, 2008: Latin America Not Immune from Global Economic Shocks
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
The classic and extremely funny 1980 movie "The Gods Must Be Crazy" shows the impact of the casual drop of a Coca Cola bottle from a helicopter on an isolated African tribe and the havoc it creates. Some analysts see a parallel in the recent turmoil in the financial and asset markets as being effectively caused only by the collapse of the "subprime" mortgage market.

January 28, 2008: Gaining Congressional Consideration and Approval of the Colombia-U.S. FTA
By Peter Hakim
Supporters of the Colombia-U.S. FTA should encourage the Colombian government to develop a proposal for addressing the outstanding humanitarian and human rights concerns of the House Democratic Leadership.

January 26, 2008: Nuevos horizontes para Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
Fidel Castro cumple un año y medio sin aparecer en público. La visita a Cuba del presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva se había planeado con meses de antelación.

January 26, 2008: Cae envío de remesas (PDF)
By Silvia Garduño
Source: Reforma (Mexico)
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

January 24, 2008: O fenômeno das Cadernetas de Poupança
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Números recentemente publicados sobre 2007 indicam um ano espetacular para as cadernetas de poupança, o melhor ano de sua história. No ano, os depósitos superaram os saques em R$ 33,4 bilhões, saldo esse 5 vezes maior que o resultado de 2006.

January 19, 2008: México y Venezuela: compañías petroleras
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez
Source: El Universal
El 3 de enero y por primera vez, los precios del petróleo crudo rompieron la barrera de los 100 dólares por barril. Y si bien los precios se han enfriado desde entonces, y cayeron por debajo de los 90 dólares el 16 de enero, la demanda mundial por el combustible no muestra señales de abatimiento.

January 18, 2008: Venezuela, Mexico Need to Reform State Oil Companies
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez, Jr.
Source: Latin America Advisor
On January 3, crude oil futures broke $100 a barrel for the first time ever. While prices have cooled since then, falling below $90 a barrel on January 16, worldwide demand for oil shows no signs of abating. Although high oil prices have led to soaring government revenues for the main oil-producing countries in Latin America, continued high prices will affect each country differently. The main factor is the behavior of national oil companies.

January 17, 2008: Women in the Americas
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Women in Latin America and the Caribbean are making political strides. Though long impenetrable, glass ceilings over the halls of power have begun to crack.

January 16, 2008: Legitimidad a cambio de rehenes maltratados
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El País (Spain) - Si Chávez estuviera sólo ayudando a salvar rehenes sería positivo, pero su reconocimiento político a las FARC, reaviva la violencia colombiana, le abre las puertas de su país a la cocaína y lo convierte en protector de unos crueles narcoterroristas.

January 15, 2008: Uno tendría que tener un corazón de piedra
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Panama)
Tras cuatro décadas de un sangriento conflicto armado, lo único que importa es obtener resultados positivos. Sin embargo, las misiones de liberación sencillas y discretas son la clave para el éxito.

January 15, 2008: One Would Have to Have a Heart of Stone
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Panama)
After four decades of armed conflict, the only thing that matters now is results. Still, simplicity and discretion are the keys to success.

January 11, 2008: Un país ‘fundido’
By Homero Campa
Source: AM (Mexico)
Manuel Orozco quoted in article.

January 6, 2008: Convergências e estratégias
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora - A história recente mostrou que os países que conseguiram “dar um salto” atenderam ao mesmo tempo aos desafios dos mercados globalizados e às necessidades das populações locais. Fizeram isso quando foram capazes de definir o futuro sem medi-lo pelo calendário eleitoral e produziram um relativo consenso sobre metas de, pelo menos, médio prazo.

January 3, 2008: More Caribbean Islands Looking to Get into Financial Services
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
The Caribbean is famous for its offshore financial services, but the reality is that few islands benefit. Offshore financial services have generally been limited to a few leading destinations, including Barbados, the Bahamas, and the UK territories in the Caribbean, but now other islands are looking to get into the game.

January 3, 2008: Steps toward progress, peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Colombia is often in the headlines. As I write, three hostages -- two women and the 4-year-old boy born in captivity to one of them -- still await their freedom.

January 3, 2008: Ano Novo. Vida Velha!
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Na virada do ano, respeitando o calendário gregoriano quase sempre registramos nossas expectativas positivas de mudanças para o novo período que se inicia em 1º de Janeiro. Ano novo, vida nova, um dos muitos ditados que com frequência ouvimos!

January 2, 2008: Is our aid making us safer?
By Jim Kolbe
Published in The Baltimore Sun - The basic problem is that our development policy lacks coherence. With more than 20 different U.S. departments and agencies engaged in development work, at least 56 other bilateral donors and more than 230 international organizations, funds and programs, the aid field is indeed a crowded one.

January 1, 2008: Latin America: The Next U.S. President's Agenda (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Great Decisions 2008
The task of remodeling U.S. policy should be less difficult in this hemisphere than it will be in other regions of the world. As the next President contemplates how to revive U.S. prestige and diminished influence worldwide, Latin America may be the right place to begin. The cost should be lower, and the payoff quicker.

January 1, 2008: Latin American Women in Movement: Changing Politics, Changing Minds (PDF)
By Joan M. Caivano and Thayer Hardwick
Published in Civil Society and Social Movements: Building Sustainable Democracies in Latin America, ed. Arthur Domike. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, 2008. This chapter will examine women’s social movements that emerged in the 1970s—during the dictatorships and economic crises in South America and guerrilla movements opposed to authoritarian regimes in Central America. This period also coincides with the emergence of the second wave of feminism. We will review the evolution of women’s organizations and mobilizations, their nature, structures, goals and strategies, to discern patterns from the past and lessons for the future.

December 30, 2007: Convivência e Conflito
By Sergio Fausto
Published in O Estado de São Paulo - "People, can´t we all get along?". Com esse apelo patético - Gente, será que não podemos todos nos dar bem? - Rodney King dirigiu-se às câmeras de televisão, a pedido das autoridades de Los Angeles, em mais uma tentativa de conter a onda de violência que varria a cidade na primavera de 1992.

December 26, 2007: Es la hora de tomarse un profundo respiro
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación (Argentina)
Las relaciones entre la Argentina y Estados Unidos son demasiado importantes para permitir que lo que se ha dado en llamar "el escándalo de la valija" continúe deteriorándolas hasta provocar una crisis grave.

December 26, 2007: Time for a Deep Breath
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación (Argentina)
Relations between Argentina and the United States are too important to allow the so-called “suitcase scandal” to deteriorate any further into a serious crisis, especially with so many questions unanswered.

December 20, 2007: Giving up the reins?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
His era is ending, and the much-vaunted succession has already started, even if hobbled by his presence and the interim nature of last year's transfer of power. Cuba's political calendar -- the Jan. 20 election of deputies to the National Assembly and the subsequent selection of the Councils of State and Ministers -- will signal either a de jure succession or the Comandante's enduring obstinacy.

December 17, 2007: Six Latin American Countries' Test Scores Near Bottom—Again
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
Once again Latin America has scored near the bottom in a major international test of student achievement. How should we interpret its poor showing?

December 14, 2007: Las drogas, armas de destrucción masiva
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El País (Spain) - El problema del consumo en los países desarrollados se basa en una flagrante contradicción: de una parte se persigue la oferta y al mismo tiempo se tolera la demanda, que es lo que genera su producción

December 12, 2007: Colombia's Gains Deserve External Support, Approval of FTA
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
A negative FTA vote would hit Colombia badly, but also hurt the US in its relations with a strong and promising trading partner that could soon become the third-largest economy in the region.

December 10, 2007: Opposition's window of opportunity
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
“A photo finish,” Chávez said after Venezuelans rejected his constitutional reforms. He’s right, of course, only the No –which few really thought would win– is resounding a lot louder than 51-49.

December 10, 2007: Uma Saída Para a Bolívia
By Sergio Fausto
Published in O Estado de São Paulo - Na mesma cerimônia em que foi chamado de xeique da Amazônia por Chávez e retribuiu o gracejo qualificando-o de rei do petróleo, o presidente Lula afirmou que Evo Morales “é a coisa mais extraordinária que aconteceu na América Latina nos últimos tempos”.

December 7, 2007: New president's challenges
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who will become president of Argentina on Monday, owes her landslide electoral victory to the extraordinary political and economic success that her husband -- outgoing President Néstor Kirchner -- enjoyed over the past four years. And most voters want her to follow in Kirchner's footsteps.

December 7, 2007: The Beginning of the End
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New Republic
Yes, he's still in control, but Chavez's defeat last Sunday will galvanize Venezuela's opposition movement and change his reign forever.

December 4, 2007: Looking forward and including migration in development: remittance leveraging opportunities for Moldova (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Organization for Migration-Moldova
This report provides an analysis of the impact of remittances in Moldova, particularly paying attention to the trends among remittance recipients, and the challenges to better leverage their income. Drawing from lessons and experiences in other countries about the ways in which remittance transfers are leveraged, this study provides recommendations to the Moldovan government and private sector. The study is based on field work interviews with banking institutions, government agencies, international organizations, and other non-governmental institutions. Moreover, statistical analysis was used to analyze household survey data commissioned in 2006 by the International Organization for Migration’s mission in Moldova, as well as survey data on remittance recipient households retrieving their money at banks and a survey of household members of Savings and Credit Associations.

December 2, 2007: Direito e avesso
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora - Parece que a política nacional entrou de novo na zona cinzenta onde todos os gatos são pardos e se lê o direito pelo avesso. No horizonte nublado da política, não só aqui, mas no resto da América Latina, brotam "idéias novas".

December 1, 2007: Latin America: Trading Places (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Monocle (UK)
Latin America is breaking away from US tutelage, under which it had sat for much of the 20th century.this trend has been discernible over the past few decades, but has accelerated in recent years.

December 1, 2007: La nueva dependencia de América Latina: El papel de sus líderes políticos frente a una nueva oportunidad (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
En el 2007, un importante consenso parece estar creándose en América Latina. La mayoría coincide ahora en que el alto crecimiento económico, la reducción de la pobreza e incluso una cierta mejora en la reducción de la desigualdad son cambios bienvenidos y positivos, pero que no necesariamente mitigan la profunda frustración que sufren muchos en la región.

December 1, 2007: The New Dependence of Latin America: Regional Political Leaders Facing a New Opportunity
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
In 2007, an important consensus seemed to be taking shape in Latin America. Most now agree that high economic growth, poverty reduction, and even some improvement in social inequality are welcome and positive, but do not necessarily mitigate the keen frustration felt by many throughout the region.

November 27, 2007: In Search of Hugo Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Chronogram
Caricatures have defined the poles of a debate that has obscured the reality of the Chávez phenomenon—and thwarted the development of a sound response to him. Chávez’s appeal cannot be explained without acknowledging the deep dissatisfaction with the existing political and economic order felt by much of the population in Venezuela and throughout much of the rest of Latin America, the world’s most unequal region.

November 22, 2007: Grateful to all who have worked for a better Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Today we celebrate Thanksgiving. Canada's was the first in the New World.

November 21, 2007: No Chileno Left Behind: Reforms Most Ambitious in Region
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
The grand agreement on education reform that Chilean political leaders reached last week is a victory for political consensus and a big step forward in improving the country's public schools.

November 21, 2007: El Acuerdo Chileno Sitúa la Accountability al Servicio del Aprendizaje
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Publicado en el Latin America Advisor, el boletín diario del Diálogo Interamericano.
El “Acuerdo por la Calidad Educativa” que pactaron recientemente los líderes políticos en Chile es una victoria para el consenso político y un gran paso hacia la mejora de las escuelas públicas del país.

November 19, 2007: War on Terror Gives New Life to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
The winds of change are blowing through the military detention facility at the US Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The naval base has been in US possession for more than a century, but it achieved worldwide notoriety when the Bush administration decided to hold hundreds of suspected terrorist detainees there following the US invasion of Afghanistan.

November 14, 2007: After Vote, Costa Rica Turns to Implementation of CAFTA-DR
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Fabian Borges-Herrero
Source: Latin America Advisor
Costa Rican President Oscar Arias had made CAFTA approval a central issue of his platform in the 2006 election. Now, Arias can turn his attention to governing and, especially, healing the rifts that a divisive referendum campaign aggravated.

November 11, 2007: Vade Retro
By Sergio Fausto
Published in O Estado de São Paulo - Um espectro ronda as Américas: a deformação dos regimes democráticos em hiper-presidencialismos aberta ou veladamente autoritários.

November 9, 2007: El debate sobre apertura comercial en Estados Unidos: a la caza de un entendimiento bipartidista (PDF)
By I. M. (Mac) Destler
La llegada de una mayoría Demócrata al Congreso en enero del 2007 hizo temblar a más de un partidario del libre comercio. En efecto, en los últimos diez años la tendencia en Estados Unidos ha sido votar la apertura comercial según posturas estrictamente partidistas.

November 8, 2007: Cristina Fernandez's Honeymoon May Be Short in Argentina
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
In late October, Argentina elected Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner president. The voting process was open and clean. The support was overwhelming and her mandate is strong, but her tenure may be far from easy.

November 8, 2007: Bachelet, Fernández push politics beyond gender
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Women are breaking the highest of glass ceilings in politics. On Oct. 28, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner became Argentina's president-elect.

November 7, 2007: Slouching Toward Authoritarianism
By Michael Shifter
Source: ForeignAffairs.org
An update to Michael Shifter's May/June 2006 essay "In Search of Hugo Chávez". So far, Hugo Chávez has deftly deflected criticism and overcome opposition. With his newest initiatives, however, he may be overreaching--threatening to stall his project both domestically and internationally.

November 2, 2007: Nuevo enfoque para Latinoamérica (PDF)
By Abraham Lowenthal
Published in Reforma (Mexico) - Un año antes de la elección presidencial en Estados Unidos, cada candidato desarrolla declaraciones de postura sobre la política exterior, que resultan más importantes que de costumbre tras el desastre en Iraq.

November 1, 2007: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: November 2007 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

November 1, 2007: Elecciones en EEUU: Cualquier cosa puede suceder (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Falta más de un año para las elecciones norteamericanas, pero la contienda previa entre los candidatos demócratas y republicanos se está viviendo con una intensidad excepcional.

November 1, 2007: US Elections: Anything Can Happen
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
There is still over a year to go before the US elections, but the preliminary contest is exceptionally intense.

November 1, 2007: Encruzilhada
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora - Outro dia peguei um táxi na estação ferroviária de Providence, onde fica a Universidade de Brown na qual trabalho temporariamente. Fiz perguntas ao motorista do tipo que os estrangeiros costumam fazer.

November 1, 2007: U.S. Cuba Relations in 2007: Trade, Security, and Diplomacy (PDF)
By Dan Erikson and Kate Neeper
In July 2006, Fidel Castro passed power to his younger brother and defense minister Raúl Castro and a team of other ministers on a provisional basis. Since then, the U.S.-Cuba relationship has been hovering on the brink of the post-Fidel era. There is little question that the tense and estranged relationship between the two countries is about to enter a new phase. The unresolved question is whether the future of U.S.-Cuban relations will look much different from the present.

October 30, 2007: Calderón se consolida tras un año de gobierno
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
El 1º de diciembre Felipe Calderón cumple un año al frente de México. Por las controversias suscitadas por la elección de 2006 y la resistencia a admitir sus resultados de parte de Andrés Manuel López Obrador y un sector del Partido de la Revolución Democrática, México parecía abocado a un largo período de incertidumbre.

October 28, 2007: Marifeli Pérez-Stable: "La democracia en América Latina se hace daño a si misma"
By Erika Luters
Published in El Mercurio Ni las dictaduras ni las guerrillas son los actuales peligros para el desarrollo de la democracia en América Latina. La amenaza está en la instalación de gobiernos populistas, favorecidos por el desencanto de la población en el sistema democrático.

October 27, 2007: Un acuerdo aún es posible
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
A menos que las preocupaciones de los demócratas se solucionen, el TLC no será ratificado. La administración Bush está trabajando horas extras para persuadir al Congreso estadounidense de que ratifique el tratado de libre comercio que firmó con Colombia el año pasado.

October 27, 2007: How to repair a damaged relationship (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in Newsletter of Graduate School of International Studies, University of Denver - Few would dispute that the US relationship with Latin America has deteriorated over the past decade, or that the past half dozen years have been the worst. Even Bush administration officials, and certainly many Republicans in Congress, concede as much. There is manifestly less trust than there had been in inter-American affairs.

October 27, 2007: Ratifying the Colombia-US FTA
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
The Bush Administration is working overtime to persuade the US Congress to ratify the free trade agreement it signed with Colombia last year. Both President Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice recently gave major speeches emphasizing how important the Colombian FTA is to the US agenda in Latin America. Other cabinet members have taken congressional delegations to Colombia to help muster the requisite Democratic backing.

October 25, 2007: Between a rock and a hard place
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Time may be or may not be running out, but the Cuban regime chugs along as if it isn't. In early September, the Communist Party called on Cubans to discuss Raúl Castro's speech last July 26.

October 20, 2007: Una relación renovada (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Despues de la última visita de George Bush a América Latina, en marzo pasado, se percibía una sensación de fatiga en la region.

October 20, 2007: A Renewed Relationship
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
After George Bush’s last visit to Latin America in March, it was easy to identify a sense of fatigue in the region.

October 18, 2007: Sending Money Home: Worldwide Remittance Flows to Developing Countries (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Fund for Agricultural Development
This report represents a baseline in a series of regional documents aimed at highlighting the importance of the rural remittances in developing countries and their potential to stimulate local economic activity. The following worldwide remittance map seeks to quantify the overall flow of remittances and highlight the importance they may play in the development of rural areas of the developing world. It compiles the best available information on migrant populations, the percentage of migrants sending remittances, average amounts remitted annually and the average frequency of annual transfers. Central banks and other official government sources, money transfer companies, international organizations and academic institutions were used for reference support. The map covers more than 150 developing countries* – many for the first time.

October 18, 2007: Estimating Global Remittance Flows: A Methodology (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Fund for Agricultural Development
This note describes the methodology that was used to estimate global remittance flows (both formal and informal). Any attempt to produce a global estimate of remittances will rely on extrapolations where data are nonexistent, insufficient, or unreliable. The method use for this study was the combined use of primary and secondary sources of data on patterns of remitting, with the data on global migration that were derived from the Global Migrant Origin Database (GMOD). The GMOD project informs on the number of migrants, their origin, and destination.

October 17, 2007: Diez propuestas (PDF)
By Abraham Lowenthal
Published in AméricaEconomía - Falta más de un año para que el próximo presidente de Estados Unidos sea electo; aun así grupos de trabajo tratan de capturar la atención de los candidatos. Aquí ofrezco 10 recomendaciones a los candidates.

October 15, 2007: A via-crúcis do PL 3.741
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Published in Folha de São Paulo - EM 8/11 de 2000, o Executivo enviou à Câmara dos Deputados o projeto de lei 3.741, propondo a alteração da Lei das Sociedades Anônimas (lei 6.404/76), que estendia às empresas de grande porte disposições relativas à elaboração e publicação de demonstrações contábeis, ainda que não organizadas na forma de sociedades anônimas, e dispunha sobre os requisitos de qualificação de entidades de estudo e divulgação de princípios, normas e padrões de contabilidade e auditoria como organizações da sociedade civil de interesse público.

October 12, 2007: Remittances, competition and fair financial access opportunities in Nigeria (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Bryanna Millis
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
This report presents the findings of a study on remittances to Nigeria and explores the policy and development implications for senders and recipients. The main problem identified in the findings is that the competitive environment for money transfers in Nigeria is highly constrained. This is due to near monopolistic conditions by one Money Transfer Organization and the fact that banks are the only entities legally authorized to perform international payments. These conditions actually facilitate informal transfers. Other findings in this report show that there is willingness among banks and other financial institutions to entertain alternative strategies, including partnerships with alternative MTOs or innovative technologies for money transfers.

October 11, 2007: Dispirited democracies open door to populism
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
These days democracy is its own worst enemy in Latin America. Where equality before the law is just a phrase, institutions are fiefdoms and economic growth doesn't sustain improving living standards, democracy sows a popular desencanto, a malaise and populism steps in.

October 9, 2007: Chavez's Threat Against Private Schools Raises Broader Questions
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
On September 17, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez threatened to close or nationalize private schools that refuse to comply with the recently announced "Bolivarian Education System." His action raises a broader question: what can governments legitimately require of their private schools?

October 7, 2007: Can Hugo Chavez Help Americans?
By Michael Shifter
Published in Los Angeles Times - The Venezuelan president could broker a deal that would free American hostages in Colombia.

October 5, 2007: La libertad de la luz
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El Nuevo Herald
El libro es un compendio de los primeros 78 editoriales de la revista Vitral. En abril, Dagoberto Valdés Hernández fue relevado de la dirección de la revista así como del Centro de Formación Cívica y Religiosa.

October 3, 2007: Ahmadinejad finds it warmer in Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Published in The Los Angeles Times - If Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was displeased by the hostile reception he got during his trip to a United Nations summit in New York last week, the next stage of his journey surely lifted his spirits.

October 3, 2007: Education, Investment Keys to Region's Medium-Term Growth
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
Latin America seems to have done well during the recent turmoil in world financial markets ... The story is unfortunately more sobering when we look at the medium-term prospects for economic growth.

October 1, 2007: How Competitive are Latin America’s Schools? (PDF)
By Tamara Ortega Goodspeed and Jeffrey Puryear
Source: FOCALPoint
Good education prepares people to work and lays the foundation for stronger institutions, greater transparency and good governance - all of which allow economies to function smoothly. Unfortunately, Latin American schools are not very competitive - with major failings in quantity, quality and equity.

October 1, 2007: Cristina Fernandez's Biggest Challenge: Cleaning Up Argentine Politics
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
As Argentine President Nestor Kirchner's four-year term draws to a close, voters appear likely to elect his wife Cristina Fernandez as Argentina's next president.

October 1, 2007: Mundo, mundo, vasto mundo
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora - O outono no Nova Inglaterra é esplêndido. Final de setembro ainda é quase verão, ou, como chamam por aqui, Indian summer.

September 30, 2007: O Filme É Melhor Que a Foto
By Sergio Fausto
Published in O Estado de Sao Paulo - A absolvição de Renan Calheiros no plenário do Senado reforçou a sensação de que a impunidade é uma deformação congênita do Brasil.

September 29, 2007: Nuevas guerras y viejas izquierdas
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El País - La violencia es ahora fragmentada, multidireccional, sin reglas, sin propósito claro y sostenida por una economía informal-criminal. Algo así como en una lucha de todos contra todos. El resultado no es la victoria de un bando, sino la fragmentación de la sociedad y la privatización de la violencia, con la consiguiente pérdida del monopolio de ésta por parte del Estado.

September 27, 2007: Chavez's 21st century socialism is hopeless
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Hugo Chávez doesn't want one, Evo Morales may disband his and Rafael Correa threatens to resign if he doesn't control it.

September 26, 2007: The Pursuit of Cohesion: European Union Transfers to Poorer Regions and Countries (PDF)
By Anthony J. Ody
In recent years, attention has been increasingly drawn to Latin America’s deep-seated economic and social inequalities – between countries, and among regions and population groups within each country. As governments and international organizations search for new ways to tackle these inequalities, interest has grown in the possible relevance of the European Union’s experience in building a continent-wide model of economic and social integration.

September 25, 2007: Carlos Slim's Wealth Comes at Mexico's Expense
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez, Jr.
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to Fortune magazine, Mexican mogul Carlos Slim has surpassed Microsoft founder Bill Gates as the world's richest man. Slim's estimated $59 billion empire—which includes over 200 companies in telecommunications, construction, tobacco, mining, and banking, among others—constitutes a third of the Mexican stock market and more than five percent of the country's 2006 GDP.

September 21, 2007: REALISMO ESPERANÇOSO
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Periodicamente somos perguntados se estamos otimistas. Tenho uma certa aversão em classificação de otimistas ou pessimistas.

September 13, 2007: From Caracas to Bogota
By Michael Shifter
Published in Cambio Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez can be forgiven if he thinks that William Brownfield is following him. Brownfield is starting his tenure as US ambassador in Bogota precisely when it seems Chavez is getting more involved in the most sensitive questions related to peace and security in Colombia.

September 13, 2007: Calderón on the right track
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
What a difference a year makes. Last September, Felipe Calderón's razor-thin presidential win still stung Mexico. Andrés Manuel López Obrador, known as AMLO, proclaimed himself ''legitimate president'' and Calderón, a ''usurper.''

September 13, 2007: De Caracas a Bogotá
By Michael Shifter
Published in Cambio.com Al presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez se le puede disculpar si piensa que William Brownfield lo está siguiendo. Y es que Brownfield está comenzando su periodo como embajador de Estados Unidos en Bogotá, precisamente cuando parece que Chávez se está involucrando en los temas más sensibles, relacionados con la paz y la seguridad en Colombia.

September 10, 2007: Una Latinoamérica ruidosa bajo la lupa de Michael Shifter
By Esteban Rahal C.
Published in El Colombiano - En entrevista con EL COLOMBIANO, el vicepresidente de Política de la organización Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, hace una mirada crítica y profunda de algunas coyunturas importantes de la región.

September 7, 2007: Ecuador Under Rafael Correa: A Work in Progress
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
English translation of article originally published in América Economía - For a decade, Ecuador has been South America’s most unstable polity. Eight different presidents have served, three ousted by means of dubious constitutionality before they could finish their terms.

September 5, 2007: ¿Por qué la invasión a Panamá?
By Michael Shifter
Published in BBC Mundo - La invasión militar de Panamá de 1989, definida por la captura y la detención del gobernante de facto Manuel Antonio Noriega, tuvo todos los rasgos de una intervención al estilo de la Guerra Fría. O para mencionar un ejemplo más reciente, la guerra en Irak.

September 5, 2007: Why Invade Panama?
By Michael Shifter
Published in BBC Mundo The December 1989 military invasion of Panama, marked by the capture and detention of the dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega, had all the trappings of a classic US intervention, reminiscent of the Cold War and pre-Cold War years as well as the more recent war in Iraq.

September 5, 2007: As Low Priority, Latin American Schools Not Very Competitive
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
Everyone agrees that quality education is crucial, and should be extended to all children, especially the poor. But when it comes time to make tough decisions, the consensus breaks down.

September 1, 2007: Culpa e responsabilidade
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora - O editorial do O Estado de S. Paulo, na quinta-feira última, Nunca antes neste país, ressalta com razão que a decisão do STF mostrou caberem nos bancos dos réus um governo, um partido e um sistema político-eleitoral. A cortina de fumaça publicitário-eleitoral do disciplinado PT faz seus dirigentes dizerem em uníssono: não temos nada com isso, o julgamento não respinga em nós nem no governo, o mau comportamento é caso isolado, talvez de um só “companheiro”, o auto imolado Delúbio, etc. São justificativas típicas de partidos autoritários: “o Partido”, em sua essência é perfeito; os homens que o compõem são entidades à parte -- podem ser pecadores, mas o partido não erra nunca.

August 30, 2007: Better opportunities await Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
An era is ending. With Fidel Castro's inevitable passing, neither Latin America nor Cuba will ever be the same. The Comandante has always valued ideas -- i.e., his own -- over the prosaic -- i.e., ordinary people. Since Cuba alone never satisfied his supersized ego, he looked elsewhere, Latin America in particular.

August 26, 2007: Pragmatismo supera a ideología (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in El Tiempo (Colombia) La ideología no ha muerto, pero el pragmatismo aumenta en América Latina. Un ejemplo claro de esta tendencia es el anunciado encuentro de los presidentes Álvaro Uribe y Hugo Chávez a finales de este mes para discutir el posible papel de Chávez en un intercambio humanitario con las Farc.

August 26, 2007: Pragmatism trumps ideology (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in El Tiempo Ideology is far from dead, but pragmatism is on the rise throughout Latin America. (English version)

August 19, 2007: Help Mexico with costs of the drug war (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in The Miami Herald For the health of our southern neighbor's nascent democracy and the strengthening of our own border controls, it is fundamental that the United States and Mexico enhance their cooperation.

August 17, 2007: Marching to different drummers
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez just concluded parallel tours of Latin America. Lula visited Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica and Panama while Chávez traveled to Argentina, Uruguay, Ecuador and Bolivia.

August 17, 2007: To US' Chagrin, Chavez Gives Iran Entry Into Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue's daily Latin America Advisor.
WASHINGTON—"When I come to Iran, Washington gets upset," Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez noted during his official visit to Tehran earlier this summer.

August 14, 2007: Region Still Lags Developed World in Ability to Buy a Big Mac
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
Somewhat more than two years ago, I wrote in this column about the Big Mac index of costs and wages, based on the well-known work published in The Economist ... I believe it is time to revisit the subject.

August 9, 2007: Abertura de capital da Infraero
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Published in Folha de S.Paulo

August 7, 2007: China, Taiwan, and the Battle for Latin America* (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Janice Chen
“Published in The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs

August 6, 2007: Peru: Alan Garcia's First Year
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
English Translation of original published article

August 6, 2007: El primer año de García (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Published in Américaeconomía
English translation can be found here

August 5, 2007: Simbolismo e liderança
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in O Estado de S.Paulo

August 2, 2007: How our neighbors see us
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Under the auspices of the Pew Research Center, the Global Attitudes Project conducts surveys in 54 countries on world affairs. Citizens in six Latin American countries -- Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela -- were interviewed in the most recent survey.

August 1, 2007: ENTREVISTA: Realizada por María Teresa Ronderos a Joaquín Villalobos
By Joaquín Villalobos
Revista Semana Edición Especial del 25 Aniversario. Bogotá; Colombia, Agosto 2007

August 1, 2007: Where Does Banco del Sur Fit In?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez, Jr.
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez envisions Banco del Sur as a key component of his larger Latin American integration project. In theory, Banco del Sur—a South American development bank for South America—would eliminate the region's reliance on international financial institutions (IFIs), such as the World Bank, IMF, and IDB.

July 31, 2007: 26 de julio
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
Antes del recién pasado 26 de julio –fecha que rememora el asalto al Cuartel Moncada en 1953– ni siquiera corrieron rumores. A diferencia del 1º de mayo cuando se decía que aparecería en la Plaza de la Revolución, esta vez se supo el día antes que Raúl Castro –gobernante interino– presidiría el acto en Camagüey por la efeméride.

July 30, 2007: Social turbulence in Peru
By Michael Shifter
Published in The Miami Herald Latin America's new political geography -- the widening schism between the beneficiaries of globalization and those being left behind -- is threatening to derail the region's recent achievements.

July 26, 2007: Olhando Para Fora
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Published in A T U A L I D A D E S

July 24, 2007: Region's Finance Ministers Less Corrupt Than Other Ministers
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
In reaction to the recent "restroom-gate" accusations made against former Argentine Economy Minister Felisa Miceli, I was asked by my friend and Advisor Editor Robert Simpson whether finance ministers in Latin America had a track record of corruption higher than the average for the members of their governments.

July 23, 2007: Aproximación a Guatemala
By Beatriz Paredes
Published in El Universal

July 20, 2007: Por qué aún no habrá TLC con E.U. (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
English translation available here - Ya está claro que el TLC de Estados Unidos con Colombia no será ratificado muy pronto por el Congreso estadounidense. Los colombianos tienen buenas razones para estar furiosos y frustrados con Washington.

July 20, 2007: Free Trade Prospects with the United States
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
It is now clear that the US-Colombia free trade deal (FTA) will not be ratified by the US Congress anytime soon. Colombians have good reason to be angry and frustrated with Washington.

July 19, 2007: Interview with Roberto Teixeira da Costa
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Published in Gazeta Mercantil

July 19, 2007: In one couple's story, a lesson for all
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Santiago de Cuba's Archbishop Emeritus Pedro Meurice Estiu called it ''an anthropological lesion,'' the fear and helplessness that keeps most Cubans on the island paralyzed. If I may add to Meurice's signal insight, that lesion also bears a deep-seated anger -- manifest or latent -- that haunts Cubans everywhere.

July 19, 2007: Peruvian Teachers' Strike Highlights Struggle for Reform
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
Peru's teachers union (SUTEP) launched a national strike in early July when Congress passed a bill that would require public school teachers to take regular competency exams.

July 5, 2007: Chinese-style reforms would be an improvement
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''China opened the door wide, Vietnam a window, here not even a crack!'' So blasted Fidel Castro in 1995 after visiting the two Asian countries.

July 2, 2007: JFK Terrorist Plot Draws US Spotlight on Caribbean
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue's daily Latin America Advisor.
When the JFK airport bombing conspiracy was revealed last month, many Americans were shocked to learn that the latest terror plot had been hatched in the Caribbean.

July 1, 2007: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: July 2007 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco; Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

July 1, 2007: A White House Focus on Social Justice in Latin America? (PDF)
By Nancy Birdsall and Peter Hakim
Source: Center for Global Development's CDG Notes
The U.S. should help Latin America tackle its long-neglected social agenda: the pervasive poverty, inequality and race discrimination that deprive so many Latin American of economic opportunity and basic rights.

July 1, 2007: Ainda há tempo
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso

July 1, 2007: Review of U.S. Relations with Latin America: Opportunities Lost or Opportunities Squandered?
By Daniel P. Erikson
Published in Cuban Affairs: Volume 2, Issue 3

June 27, 2007: Study Shows Doing Business in Latin America is Not Easy
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
A common frustration of domestic and foreign investors in Latin America is the complexity involved in doing business in the region, and thus difficulties in engaging in new investments.

June 25, 2007: Worker Remittances and the Financial Sector: issues and lessons in the South Caucasus (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
This report presents the results of a regional and comparative study of the flows of remittances to Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova and their relationship to the financial sector, its industry and marketplace. The study analyzes the inflow of unilateral transfers known as remittances in connection with different economic sectors. Specifically, the study focuses on macroeconomic dynamics, payment system modernization, the market for transfers, cross sale of financial services, securitization and bond issuing if possible, remittance and financial literacy, regulatory balance between payment systems and migration management and the macroeconomics of finance.

June 21, 2007: The president of some Nicaraguans
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It has been almost six months since Daniel Ortega assumed the presidency of Nicaragua. His return should not be viewed in the same light as the advent of Hugo Chávez, Evo Morales and Rafael Correa.

June 10, 2007: Student protesters braver than OAS
By Michael Shifter
Published in The Miami Herald Apparently spontaneously, tens of thousands have been marching in the streets for the last two weeks, making their grievances known to the Chávez-dominated judiciary and National Assembly and sending a clear message that Chávez has gone too far in his autocratic project.

June 10, 2007: La libertad de prensa, amenazada
By Michael Shifter
Published in El Tiempo Hace mucho tiempo que la libertad de prensa en América Latina no era objeto de un asalto tan grande como el que sufre hoy.

June 7, 2007: Democracy brings stability, economic progress
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The arrogance of power: that's how William Fulbright depicted Lyndon Johnson's conduct of the Vietnam War in the 1960s. Two decades later, Mikhail Gorbachev attributed the same to the Soviet Union's Communist Party.

June 6, 2007: Chegaremos lá?
By Sérgio Fausto
Published in O Estado de S.Paulo

June 1, 2007: Chávez quiere comprarse una revolución
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El Pais (Spain)

June 1, 2007: Corrupção, voto e orçamento
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in Globo, Estado de S.Paulo, Zéro Hora

May 24, 2007: U.S. Immigration Reform: A Confusing Process
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Published in O Estado de Sao Paolo

May 23, 2007: Data on Latin America's Rich Highlights Region's Inequality
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
Forbes Magazine announced recently that Mexico's Carlos Slim, with assets over $50 billion, is now the second-richest man in the world ... It is a fairly inordinate position for a Latin American, because the region represents about 4.5 percent of world wealth.

May 20, 2007: Imigração e desafio para EUA (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Published in O Estado de Sao Paolo
English translation available here

May 10, 2007: Democracy consists of more than just elections
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
After last year's marathon, Latin America's electoral calendar in 2007 is a breeze. Only Argentina and Guatemala are holding presidential elections, though both could hold surprises.

May 7, 2007: La política de Estados Unidos hacia Cuba pasa por Miami
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam

May 4, 2007: Venezuela/US: Policy options
By Michael Shifter
Published in Oxford Analytica With Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez recently re-elected, it is safe to assume that Washington -- including the next administration, beginning in January 2009 -- will have little choice but to continue to deal with him and the challenge he poses. It will be critical for Washington to develop new policy instruments and make additional resources available to deal with Latin America's persistently high levels of poverty and inequality, which could, over time, undercut Chavez's appeal and help repair the severely damaged US regional image.

May 4, 2007: US/Venezuela: Policy Options (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in Oxford Analytica>/i> To date, the US approach to Chavez has alternated between confrontational and passive, and has thus been incoherent and confusing.

May 2, 2007: Democrats and Free Trade
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Former US Treasury Secretary Larry Summers once said that United States could never have a sensible foreign policy as long as one of its political parties opposes free trade while the other shows little regard for multilateral institutions. Events today in Washington make him look prescient.

May 1, 2007: Um Brasil melhor
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Published in Globo, Estado de S.Paulo, Zéro Hora

May 1, 2007: Obama: The First Black President of the United States?
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
Chicago is an essential point of reference to understand Barack Obama's remarkable ascendancy to the national political stage and why he is today such a serious contender to be the next president of the United States.

May 1, 2007: Obama: ¿El primer presidente negro de Estados Unidos?
By Michael Shifter
Published in ideele El analista Michael Shifter, contra lo que se dice generalmente en el Perú, plantea la posibilidad de que Obama alcance la Presidencia de los Estados Unidos, por más que falte todavía mucho para las elecciones y tenga aún grandes desafíos por delante. Sobre él nos describe también una historia y un perfil fascinantes: ascendencia, formación, virtudes, defectos, y semejanzas y diferencias con ex presidentes como Kennedy y Clinton, o contendores como Hillary.

April 28, 2007: La suerte incierta de los TLC (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
English translation available here - El ex secretario del Tesoro Larry Summers dijo una vez que Estados Unidos jamás podría tener una razonable política exterior si uno de sus partidos se oponía al libre comercio mientras que el otro mostraba poca consideración por las instituciones multilaterales. Los hechos actuales en Washington lo hacen ver clarividente. El Banco Mundial sigue en medio de la turbulencia porque la administración Bush le da más importancia a su lealtad hacia el disminuido presidente que a la salud de la institución.

April 28, 2007: CHINA: Cricket 'Champion'
By Daniel P. Erikson; Paul Wander
Published in The Miami Herald

April 26, 2007: Getting away from polarized politics
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Nine months ago, Raúl Castro assumed interim power upon his brother's illness. Slight hints of change and, unfortunately, the usual intransigence are in evidence. Still, we are now in the realm of opportunities, which might be seized -- here and there -- or missed altogether.

April 24, 2007: The Shrinking Presence of the IMF in Latin America
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
Six months ago, I reviewed in this column the potentially declining role of the region in the governance of the International Monetary Fund ... In the aftermath of the spring meetings of the IMF and the World Bank earlier this month, I want to analyze the reverse phenomenon—the shrinking role of the IMF in Latin America.

April 23, 2007: ¿Qué es de la vida de Fidel?
By Marifeli P'erez-Stable
Source: Infolatam

April 22, 2007: Handle Labor Issues
By Daniel P. Erikson; Megan Fletcher
Source: South Florida Sun-Sentinel
The U.S. agenda in Latin America will face a crucial test on trade.

April 21, 2007: Democracy's Dangerous Impostors
By Moisés Naím
Published in The Washington Post

April 21, 2007: Es mejor sacarlo todo a la luz (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in Cambio (Colombia) Desde hace tiempo ha habido especulaciones o sospechas sobre los lazos entre sectores de la clase política colombiana y grupos armados como las fuerzas paramilitares, los cuales están respaldados para impulsar el lucrativo tráfico de drogas.

April 17, 2007: Banco do Sul
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

April 15, 2007: Acumular poder o lograr el equilibrio, los dos caminos (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
La Nación - Si gana, Correa tendrá que enfrentar una opción difícil: o bien tendrá que seguir aplastando a los actores políticos tradicionales de Ecuador, o usar su nueva posición de fuerza para construir consenso y gobernar un paisaje político inusualmente rebelde.

April 14, 2007: Will Correa seek compromise, build good governance?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Miami Herald
If he wins the referendum to rewrite the country's constitution, Correa will face a difficult choice: He can either continue to steamroll traditional Ecuadorean political actors, or use his new position of strength to build a consensus to govern an unusually fractious political landscape.

April 12, 2007: To bridge ideological, economic schisms, reform Mercosur
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gomez, Jr.
Source: The Miami Herald

April 12, 2007: To Bridge Ideological, Economic Schisms, Reform Mercosur
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gomez
Source: The Miami Herald
Trade within the MERCOSUR customs union has increased by $25 billion in the last decade. Mercosur's vast potential has, nonetheless, gone unrealized.

April 11, 2007: Cadê o piloto?
By Sergio Fausto
Published in O Estado de S.Paulo (Brazil)

April 9, 2007: Guatemala: una nación en peligro
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El 19 de febrero, cuatro salvadoreños (tres legisladores y su chofer) fueron ultimados brutalmente en Guatemala. Iban hacia la capital para asistir a una sesión del Parlamento Centroamericano (PARLACEN) cuando los asesinaron, poco después de cruzar la frontera. Unos días más tarde, la policía guatemalteca arrestó a cuatro policías como autores del crimen quienes, a su vez, fueron asesinados cuando permanecían en una prisión de máxima seguridad. ¡Si todo tuviera una explicación tan sencilla como de que se trataba de un negocio de drogas que había salido mal!

April 8, 2007: Estados Unidos frente a la pobreza de AL
By Nora Lustig
Published in El Universal (Mexico)

April 7, 2007: US-Brazil Cooperation-2007
By Peter Hakim
Source: Estado de São Paulo (Brazil)
At a conference in the Dominican Republic two months ago, Lula's foreign policy advisor Marco Aurelio Garcia challenged my claim that US-Brazilian relations were as good as ever, asserting proudly that, in fact, they had never been better. Even if a bit exaggerated, this was a clear message that Brazil assigned central importance to its ties to the US. There is no question that both countries badly need one another to achieve their foreign policy objectives.

April 7, 2007: A cooperação entre Brasil e EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Estado de S.Paulo (Brasil)
English translation available here - Há dois meses, numa conferência na República Dominicana, o assessor de política externa do presidente Lula, Marco Aurélio Garcia, contestou minha afirmação de que as relações entre EUA e Brasil estavam boas como sempre e afirmou, orgulhosamente, que, na verdade, nunca estiveram melhores. Mesmo um pouco exagerada, foi uma nítida mensagem de que o Brasil confere importância crucial às suas relações com os EUA. Não há dúvida de que ambos os países necessitam muito um do outro para atingir seus objetivos de política externa.

April 1, 2007: A democracia americana
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Oped published in Globo, Estado de S.Paulo, Zéro Hora

April 1, 2007: Card-Based Remittances: A Closer Look at Supply and Demand (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Katy Jacob & Jennifer Tescher
Source: The Center for Financial Services Innovation
This report presents the results of an analysis of the supply and demand for card-based transfers among migrants. We analyze a nationwide study of Latin American and Caribbean migrant remittance senders and their access and use of card products of all kinds. Coupled with extensive interviews with card-based remittance providers, this analysis allows us to investigate the relationship between the supply for card-based remittances and remittance senders’ demands for financial products.

April 1, 2007: "Estados Unidos quiere un vecindario amigable"
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía, Edición Nº 338
Con América Latina como destino, George W. Bush protagonizó a comienzos de marzo la gira por el exterior más extensa desde que inició su primer mandato en 2000. Desde los acuerdos firmados con el presidente brasileño Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva para el desarrollo del etanol, hasta las débiles promesas a su colega mexicano Felipe Calderón para relajar las leyes migratorias, pasando por las visitas a Uruguay, Colombia y Guatemala, Bush intentó dar vuelta la percepción generalizada acerca de que América Latina no ocupa un lugar prioritario en la agenda de su administración.

April 1, 2007: Corruption and Transition: The Challenge to Cuban Democracy (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
*This essay is drawn from a chapter that the author wrote for the forthcoming book Looking Forward: Comparative Perspectives on Cuba's Transition, which is edited by Marifeli Perez- Stable and will be published by University of Notre Dame Press in 2007.

April 1, 2007: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: April 2007 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Lindley
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

March 31, 2007: "EE.UU. puede contrarrestar a Chávez" (Entrevista con Michael Shifter) (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Shifter considera que a Estados Unidos le ha costado acostumbrarse al hecho de que América Latina ya no es solo su patio trasero. 'La región tiene ahora más opciones en el mundo', asegura.

March 30, 2007: Friends and business partners
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
President Bush, who just returned from his second trip to Brazil in 18 months, will welcome Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Camp David tomorrow. Despite their clashing views on a range of issues, the United States and Brazil have fashioned a surprisingly close and constructive relationship, and the two presidents enjoy an unexpected personal chemistry.

March 29, 2007: A nation roiled in insecurity
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Feb. 19, four Salvadorans -- three legislators and their driver -- were brutally slain in Guatemala. They were on their way to Guatemala City to attend a session of the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN) when they were slain not long after they crossed the border.

March 28, 2007: From Persuasion to Power? Women's Policy Machineries in Latin America (PDF)
By Susan Franceschet
Prepared for the conference, WOMEN IN THE AMERICAS: PATHS TO POLITICAL POWER

March 27, 2007: 'Alan García sigue las encuestas' (Entrevista con Michael Shifter) (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú21
Responde Michael Shifter sobre las perspectivas políticas del Perú para los próximos años.

March 16, 2007: El libre y justo comercio requiere una mejor educación
By Michael Lisman
Source: La Prensa (Nicaragua)

March 15, 2007: Latin Trip was only photo ops (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
published in the San Francisco Chronicle

March 15, 2007: Trip benefits yet to come
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
President Bush came home yesterday. Was his six-day trip to Latin America worth it? The short answer is a modest Yes.

March 15, 2007: Immigration Reform: Bush's Big Promises
By BusinessWeek
The President assured leaders across Latin America that he would push for reform. Now, he has to tackle Congress. "If the U.S. ends up building a 700-mile wall and doesn't get a guest-worker program approved, let alone some mechanism for giving legal status to people who are in the U.S. without permission, whatever goodwill Bush has gotten out of his trip will evaporate," says Peter Hakim, president of the Inter-American Dialogue.

March 13, 2007: Viaje a América Latina
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
published in América Economía, Edición 337

March 12, 2007: A lesson in free trade
By Michael Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
President Bush's first visit to Guatemala this week focused attention on, among other things, the free trade agreement with Central America (DR-CAFTA) and on the complicated issues surrounding liberalized trade policies in the region. But a less visible issue, though no less important, is that free trade also requires better education.

March 11, 2007: A respectful Bush could earn points in Latin America (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
published in the San Jose Mercury News

March 10, 2007: Repairing Latin Relations (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: National Journal
With the influence of anti-American firebrand Hugo Chavez spreading like Venezuela's petrodollars throughout Latin America, President Bush began an extended trip to the region on March 8, armed with a host of economic initiatives and aid packages. His travels are taking him and first lady Laura Bush to Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico.

March 9, 2007: Bush should borrow from Clinton on Latin America
By Mack McLarty

March 7, 2007: Guatemala, destino fatal
By Joaquín Villalobos

March 6, 2007: Bush's opportunity to mend relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
President Bush's week-long visit to Latin America comes at a delicate moment for U.S. relations with the region. Anti-U.S. feeling is deep and pervasive -- and insistently fanned by Washington's chief adversary, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.

March 5, 2007: Price Controls Not Effective in Slowing Argentine Inflation
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
Since 2004, Argentina has been carrying out a campaign of price controls as a mechanism to reduce inflation. The authorities claim that this is a novel approach that provides an alternative to the technocratic and market-related approach suggested by the IMF and others.

March 2, 2007: Calderón needs to push the envelope
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
After candidate Vicente Fox upended the Institutional Revolutionary Party's electoral machinery in 2000, Mexican expectations soared. As president, however, Fox was cowed by the PRI state he inherited.

March 1, 2007: Uma Cúpula Mundial do Clima
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso

March 1, 2007: Dream Team ou Compromisso Político?
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

March 1, 2007: La victoria pírrica del Comandante (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
Marifeli Pérez-Stable analiza el legado de Fiderl Castro. A lo largo de décadas, el mayor logro de la política estadounidense ha sido reforzar el baluarte principal de Castro: la defensa de la soberanía de Cuba. Al final, la salud postró a Fidel, y su era se está apagando. La vida en Cuba ha seguido su curso normal y es improbable que el régimen se venga abajo luego de la despedida final al Comandante en Jefe. Pero la sucesión ya está en marcha.

March 1, 2007: U.S. Policy Towards Latin America
By Peter Hakim
A little more than a year ago, I published an article that started with the sentence: “US relations with Latin America have reached their lowest point since the end of the Cold War.” The change in the State Department’s leadership on Latin America has since then clearly improved the tone of the relationship and eased its surface tension. And there is other good news to report.

February 28, 2007: "No hay un eje del mal en América latina", dice Michael Shifter
By Hugo Alconada Mon
Interview with Michael Shifter

February 28, 2007: Setting some realistic U.S. goals
By Abraham F. Lowenthal

February 28, 2007: "No hay un eje del mal en América latina", dice Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación (Argentina)
La guerra en Irak consume casi todas las energías de la política exterior de Estados Unidos. Es una realidad de la administración Bush, pero Michael Shifter piensa que seguirá por varios años más. "Es ingenuo pensar que América latina va a ser una prioridad para el próximo presidente", previene el profesor de la Escuela de Servicio Exterior de la Georgetown University.

February 25, 2007: "Estados Unidos debería ser más generoso en sus acuerdos con los países pequeños"
By Peter Hakim
Source: Diario Libre (República Dominicana)
No agrada a algunos, es admirado por muchos y escuchado por todos. A Peter Hakim le llueven las críticas o los halagos cuando habla.

February 18, 2007: Bush y su nueva mirada a Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
La intención puede ser sincera, y los esfuerzos por parte de los altos diplomáticos admirable, pero el entorno geopolítico no es favorable para una relación revigorizada con América Latina.

February 16, 2007: Notícias do Front Internacional
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

February 15, 2007: Hints at Renewing Ties with Cuba (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Marifeli Pérez-Stable looks at the evolution of Mexico's relations with Cuba as President Felipe Calderón hinted a rapprochement toward Cuba.

February 12, 2007: English-Speaking Caribbean Not Doing as Well as Thought
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
In this column, I will review the current situation of the English-speaking Caribbean—12 counties that range from the turbulent Jamaica and the prosperous Trinidad and Tobago, to the tiny members of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union.

February 4, 2007: The Chance to Get It Right
By Nicole Spencer

February 2, 2007: "SABIAS QUE..." - Interview with Claudio Loser
By Claudio Loser

February 1, 2007: Latin America and the United States: Attention Deficit Disorder and What to Do About It
By Abraham F. Lowenthal

February 1, 2007: Desequilíbrio de poder
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso

February 1, 2007: US-Cuba Relations: The Limits of Wishful Thinking
By Dan Erikson
Published in FOCALPOINT: Spotlight on the Americas

February 1, 2007: Latin America's Drug Problem (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
With violence mounting in Mexico and Brazil, and a real risk of deterioration spreading across much of the region, dealing with the drug crisis clearly requires a sharper focus and more imaginative approaches.

February 1, 2007: The Year of the Ballot (PDF)
By Jorge Castañeda and Patricio Navia
Published in the February 2007 issue of Current History

February 1, 2007: After Fidel: Oh Brother... (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Published in the February 2007 issue of Current History

February 1, 2007: Sooner or Later, “Fidel Show” Will End
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Marifeli Pérez-Stable looks at the different possibilities for transition in Cuba following Fidel Castro's inevitable death.

January 31, 2007: O Brasil precisa descer do muro
By Sergio Fausto

January 23, 2007: Venezuelan Measures Response to Years of Economic Decline
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
At the time of his recent, second inauguration as president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez announced his intention to nationalize a number of "strategic" industries, like electricity and telecommunications, and privatize areas of oil production. Furthermore, he will drastically restrict Central Bank autonomy.

January 18, 2007: The High Price of Dismissing Democracy (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Marifeli Pérez-Stable notes that support for democracy in Latin America is at an all-time high. However, unlike most Latin Americans, Hugo Chávez, Daniel Ortega and Rafael Correa dismiss representative democracy and a market economy as the best conduits of progress. Their prescriptions -- direct democracy and state-centered economies -- failed in the past and will surely fail again.

January 15, 2007: Segunda presidencia de Ortega (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
Marifeli Pérez-Stable analiza los prospectos de la segunda presidencia de Daniel Ortega en Nicaragua.

January 12, 2007: VENEZUELA - RISCO OU OPORTUNIDADE?
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

January 10, 2007: The Venezuelan nut begins to crack
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Daily News
Over the long term, it is just not possible for one man, however charismatic, to dominate a society and economy as complex as Venezuela's.

January 5, 2007: 2007 AINDA NÃO COMEÇOU
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

January 5, 2007: EE UU ahorcando al mundo
By Joaquín Villalobos

January 4, 2007: ¿Llegó la hora de enterrar al Mercosur?
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

January 4, 2007: Wanted: Economic Opportunity (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Marifeli Pérez-Stable argues that economic opening would do a great deal to improve the living standards of Cubans. Beyond material gains achieved through increased production of food products and consumer goods, Cubans would once again have hope, she argues.

January 2, 2007: El Mercosur no será velado ni sepultado
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa

January 1, 2007: Ano novo, valores permanentes
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso

January 1, 2007: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: January 2007 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Lindley
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

January 1, 2007: Global Remittances and the Law – A Review of Regional Trends and Regulatory Issues (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Migration Law: Developing Paradigms and Key Challenges
One of the problems in remittance transfers stems from a lack of correspondence between rules imposed on transfers and people’s (remitters and businesses) realistic capacity to comply with them. For example, remitters are often required to provide inaccessible forms of identification or companies are required to police their clients. The end result is that people choose informal networks. It is thus important to find a balance between reality and the law in order to improve the ability to regulate these increasingly important economic practices.

January 1, 2007: Migrant Foreign Savings and Asset Accumulation (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Reducing Global Poverty: The Case for Asset Accumulation
This chapter explores the relationships between migrant foreign savings and financial asset accumulation. Primarily, it distinguishes between different types of transnational economic activities that migrants engage in and demonstrates that not all of them are equally conducive to asset accumulation.

January 1, 2007: Central American Diasporas and Hometown Associations (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Diasporas and Development
This article surveys trends in the Central American diaspora and then looks closely at the work of hometown associations in three countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.

December 27, 2006: Cuba en compás de espera (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
Marifeli Perez-Stable discute los escenarios de transición en Cuba. Las perspectivas a mediano plazo de la sucesión son complejísimas. Raúl Castro es un líder puente.

December 21, 2006: Never lose sight of a Cuba that has room for all of us
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
For almost six decades, Castro has been a fixture of Cuban politics. With the year and his life winding down, my heart and my mind are set on Cuba more than ever.

December 18, 2006: A New Politics for Latin America?
By Michael Shifter
Source: America Magazine
It is tempting to view the string of election results in Latin America over the past year as proof that the world’s most unequal region has moved to the left. Media accounts highlight the repudiation of free market-oriented policies, those widely referred to as “neoliberal” reforms and delineated in the Washington consensus of the early 1990’s.

December 10, 2006: The Best of Both Dictators
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
The parallels are striking: Two ruthless dictators who sacrificed human rights for political aims. Two men idolized by their followers and despised by the exiles they drove away. Two archetypes of the Latin American strongman, one in dark sunglasses, the other with that ever-present cigar. For the past half-century, no two leaders have so defined Latin America's political scene as Cuba's Fidel Castro and Chile's Gen. Augusto Pinochet.

December 7, 2006: New leaders' challenges: institutions, social fabric
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The citizens of Chile, Costa Rica, Haiti, Peru, Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Venezuela elected or reelected their presidents. Even in the closest cases, the contests were largely free and fair.

December 6, 2006: El 'paraescándalo' y E.U.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Dicen que a veces de las crisis se generan oportunidades. Esto se ajusta a la actualidad política en Colombia. La penetración del paramilitarismo en las instituciones, aunque conocida por mucho tiempo, recién está saliendo a la luz.

November 9, 2006: Has Ortega really, truly changed? (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It's official: Daniel Ortega is Nicaragua's president-elect. In a five-man field, the Sandinista's 38 percent took him past the finish mark.

November 4, 2006: La continuidad es la regla
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
Iraq domina las elecciones del próximo martes en Estados Unidos. De acuerdo con la mayoría de sondeos, eso es precisamente lo que preocupa a la mayoría de los americanos. La guerra es tremendamente impopular y es vista por la mayoría como un grave error.

November 2, 2006: Why Meddle in Nicaragua?
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
As Latin America's busy election cycle winds down, the Bush administration deserves a lot of credit. In election after election it has shown admirable restraint and has wisely avoided taking sides. Nicaragua, however, has been the exception. U.S. conduct in advance of Sunday's election has been anything but restrained. The Bush administration has blotted its otherwise exemplary record in a small and impoverished Central American country -- probably the one in which there is the least at stake for U.S. interests.

November 1, 2006: El Proceso Colombiano desde un Contexto Regional (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perspectiva (Colombia)
En general, la creencia es que hay una tendencia hacia la izquierda y en ese sentido, Colombia, por los resultados de las elecciones de mayo, es visto como una excepción.

October 26, 2006: Will democracy be strengthened?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Nicaragua is on the cusp of a political realignment. Even if Sandinista Daniel Ortega wins, the voting blocks of the past 16 years have already been shaken by dissensions.

October 12, 2006: Drop Populism; Embrace Markets (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Marifeli Pérez-Stable looks at Latin America's scepticism of markets. She argues that nowhere else are markets questioned and state-centered economics still praised in the way they are in Latin America. The debate is over and markets won hands down.

October 1, 2006: Migrant Remittances: October 2006 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Lindley
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

October 1, 2006: Between hardship and hope: Remittances and the local economy in Latin America (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Multilateral Investment Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank
This report assesses the capacity and willingness of Latin American economies to effectively absorb remittances into their productive base. Although remittances overall have a positive impact on households and local economies, their effect on long term growth and sustainable development depends in the way these economies react to foreign savings.

September 28, 2006: Nonaligned Movement: summit 'a confluence of bravado'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The Nonaligned Movement (NAM) met in Havana Sept. 11-16. Inveterate anti-U.S. foes -- Venezuela's Hugo Chávez and Iran's Mahmoud Ahmadinejad prominently among them -- captured headlines worldwid

September 21, 2006: Calderón, al centro (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
Marifeli Perez-Stable argumenta la que estrechez de la victoria de Felipe Calderón Hinojosa en las elecciones presidenciales mexicanas ofrece oportunidades imprevistas que el debe aprovechadar al máximo, por el bien de todos.

September 21, 2006: Calderón, al centro
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
La decisión del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación dio por terminada -de manera definitiva e inapelable- la controvertida elección mexicana. Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, del Partido de Acción Nacional (PAN), es el presidente electo.

September 14, 2006: Mexico: Calderón Must Stand Above the Partisan Fray
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Mexico is deeply polarized. Calderón must stand above the partisan fray.

August 21, 2006: EUA temem nova imigracao de Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
Para professora cubana, essa preocupação explica amoderação do governo Americano com relaçãoà transição do regime.

August 17, 2006: How would Raúl and Hugo get along?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
How would Raúl Castro and Hugo Chávez get along?

August 7, 2006: Reconciliación en libertad (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
Marifeli Pérez-Stable argumenta que la era de Fidel Castro está por acabar. Sin él, a los cubanos -en la isla y en la diáspora- se les presenta la oportunidad de dotar una política basada en un amplio y fuerte centro donde será posible dialogar y se llegar a acuerdos.

August 7, 2006: Reconciliación en libertad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
"Todos debemos retirarnos relativamente jóvenes", dijera Fidel Castro al periodista estadounidense Lee Lockwood en 1965. A Cuba le ha costado muy caro la incapacidad del Comandante de regirse por lo que afirmaba entonces, pero también a su legado.

August 3, 2006: A critical moment for the future of Cuba (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Fidel Castro is out of sight, and we (sort of) know why. A newscaster read a message from Castro saying he's ''stable'' but -- we gather -- gravely ill for, otherwise, wouldn't he have told us himself?

August 1, 2006: Cuba and China (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Adam Minson

July 20, 2006: López Obrador has a weak case
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Was there fraud in Mexico's presidential election on July 2? Andrés Manuel López Obrador has a weak case.

July 13, 2006: Don't count Chavez out
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Daily News
Six months ago, Hugo Chavez was, according to several observers, on a roll. The fiery Venezuelan president - the Bush administration's main adversary in Latin America - was buoyed by the resounding victory of his close ally, Bolivian President Evo Morales. With gas prices soaring, Chavez, the leader of the world's fourth largest oil producing nation, had lots of money to spend in order to tighten his grip on power at home and extend political influence abroad.

July 6, 2006: Where parties stand after the balloting
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Mexico's July 2 presidential election remains too close to call.

July 1, 2006: En busca de Hugo Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
Justo cuando el derrumbe inminente de un puente obligara al gobierno del presidente Hugo Chávez a cerrar la única autopista que une el aeropuerto principal de Venezuela con la ciudad capital, en enero, comenzaron las recriminaciones. Los opositores de Chávez lo acusaron de desaprovechar la bonanza petrolera del país en proyectos de corte político en el extranjero mientras olvidaba la infraestructura interna.

July 1, 2006: “A la segunda va la vencida”
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Entrevista con el presidente Alan García, por Michael Shifter

July 1, 2006: A Dragon in the Andes?: China, Venezuela, and U.S. Energy Security (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Military Review
Does China's increasing role in South America's energy sector represent a threat to U.S. interests? In recent years, this question has provoked unease among U.S. policymakers who see a dangerous convergence of three worrisome trends. The first is the rise of China as a global economic power that may seek to challenge U.S. dominance over the next quarter-century. Second, U.S. influence in Latin America appears to be in flux as a number of the region's leaders, led by Venezuela's left-leaning President Hugo Chávez, have embraced populist politics and adopted anti-American stances. Third, ensuring access to energy sources has become a central U.S. security concern because a tight global oil market has caused crude oil prices to soar to more than $70 per barrel. Against this backdrop, China's increased efforts to tap into energy reserves in the Western Hemisphere have reverberated throughout the region, with potentially profound consequences for U.S. energy security.

June 23, 2006: Seven Questions: Mexico’s Presidential Race
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Mexico’s summer is especially hot this year as a tight presidential race draws to a close. FP spoke with Michael Shifter, Latin America Expert, about the campaign, widespread disappointment with Vicente Fox, and the state of Mexican democracy.

June 22, 2006: On the threshold of a developed country
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Michelle Bachelet crossed the 100-day mark as Chile's president last week. I'd say the honeymoon is over, except she never had one.

June 8, 2006: Leave the extremes, focus on the center
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
What Cuba lacks is a healthy, hefty and far-reaching political center, which is where dialogue happens, people listen and compromises are reached. Polarization is perversely easy: Hard choices don't have to be made.

June 4, 2006: A Conversation With Alan Garcia
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
Alan Garcia was dubbed the Latin American Kennedy when he was elected president of Peru in 1985, promising to reform a stagnant country and improve the lot of the poor. Yet when he left in 1990, Peru's economy was in ruins, a Maoist insurgency was terrorizing the country and Garcia's popularity had plummeted. Now, the charismatic Garcia is running for president again; he goes into today's runoff a slight favorite over anti-U.S. nationalist Ollanta Humala. Garcia recently spoke in Lima about his second act in politics with the Inter-American Dialogue's Michael Shifter.

June 1, 2006: In Search of Hugo Chavez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
Almost as soon as a collapsing bridge forced the government of President Hugo Chvez Fras to shut down the only highway linking Venezuela's main airport and capital city in January, the recriminations began. Chvez's opponents accused him of wasting the country's oil bonanza on politically driven projects abroad while neglecting infrastructure at home.

June 1, 2006: 'Venezuela colabora con la actual fragmentación de América Latina'
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
El vicepresidente del área de políticas del Diálogo Interamericano señala que no debemos pensar que la influencia de Hugo Chávez es ilimitada América Latina es un tema recurrente en la cabeza del vicepresidente del área de políticas de la ONG Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter ya que durante años se ha dedicado al estudio de las relaciones entre EE.UU. y nuestra región.

May 25, 2006: Hemisphere needs a relevant OAS
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Jaclyn Shull-Gonzalez
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is the Organization of American States's main order of business. That's the central premise of ''Responding to the Hemisphere's Political Challenges,'' a just-issued report by an Inter-American Dialogue Task Force.

May 12, 2006: International Flows of Remittances: Cost, competition and financial access in Latin America and the Caribbean- toward an industry scorecard (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Inter-American Development Bank
The importance of worker remittance flows has increased substantially over the past ten years, and with that increase the intermediation of remittance transfers has also experienced important changes. In 2005, total remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean amounted to more than US$52 billion in money transfers, a volume that represents at least a ten percent revenue for the remittance industry as well as an important source of foreign savings with leveraging potential for receiving countries.

May 11, 2006: Will change happen on a populist or modern platform?
By Marifeli Perez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin America has two Lefts: one is progressive and moderate; the other, a throwback and confrontational. Michele Bachelet, Tabaré Vázquez and, to a lesser extent, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva embrace modernity; Hugo Chávez, Evo Morales and Ollanta Humala, the past.

May 1, 2006: Migraciones y remesas en America Latina y el Caribe: Los flujos intrarregionales y las determinantes macroeconomicas (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Caitlin Lockwood y Rebecca Rouse
Source: Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe
El estudio sobre “Migraciones y remesas en América Latina y el Caribe: Los flujos intra-regionales y las determinantes macro-económicas” está enmarcado en el Proyecto 1.2.1 del Programa de Trabajo de la Secretaría Permanente del SELA para el año 2005. Tiene por objeto analizar el impacto macroeconómico de las remesas de los migrantes en algunos de los Estados Miembros del SELA, así como realizar una primera aproximación al análisis de los principales flujos intra-regionales de remesas en América Latina y el Caribe.

April 27, 2006: Unjust means debase our cherished ends
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Published in The Miami Herald. The ends don't justify the means is a simple maxim. The late Senator Frank Church, D-Idaho, noted the following about the CIA assassination plots in the 1960s, which included eight against Fidel Castro.

April 13, 2006: Focus on Cuba's dictatorship
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On May 9, the United Nations' General Assembly will elect its new Human Rights Council. Eight of the 47 seats are apportioned to Latin America and the Caribbean; nine countries, including Cuba, have announced their candidacies.

April 9, 2006: Some see 'outsider' as only hope
By Michael Shifter and Vinay Jawahar
Source: Miami Herald
'Outsider' is not a Spanish word, but you wouldn't know it if you were in Lima, Peru. Going into today's presidential elections, polls suggest that Ollanta Humala, a former military official and quintessential outsider, is leading his rivals, conservative former congresswoman Lourdes Flores and former President Alan García, who are vying for second place in an eventual run-off.

April 8, 2006: The Mexican Elections (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
Marifeli Pérez-Stable analyzes the outcome of the 2006 Mexican elections and Andrés Manuel López Obrador's refusal to accept the results.

March 30, 2006: Gangs undermine security, democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Maras, the vicious gangs that are the region's No. 1 human threat, live up to their namesake. Extortion, prostitution, homicide and trafficking in people, arms and drugs are their principal activities.

March 16, 2006: Guard against foul play in presidential elections
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On March 5, Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast held elections for its regional council. The coast, where 10 percent of the population lives, has elected its councilors every four years since 1990.

March 2, 2006: Only a market economy can sustain robust growth
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Nothing helps the poor like robust economic growth. Still, growth must be made to benefit the poor for poverty to be reduced.

March 1, 2006: West African Financial Flows and Opportunities for People and Small Businesses (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
USAID commissioned this study to investigate the size and scope of informal financial transactions in West Africa. Intra-regional traders often complain about the barriers to doing business in theregion, yet intra-regional trade is strong and an important component of national economies. Migrant labor, frequently accompanied by family members, are also crossing borders to participate in agricultural harvests and other economic activities. These temporary labor migrants are frequent users of remittance networks that enable them to transfer funds to their native communities.

February 25, 2006: Por el sendero de Doña Violeta
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El Nuevo Herald
Hoy 25 de febrero se cumplen 16 años de la victoria en Nicaragua de Doña Violeta Chamorro. Los sandinistas --que se creían invencibles-- aceptaron su derrota y pasaron a la oposición.

February 19, 2006: EUA têm novo rival real na AL, diz analista
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Folha
Se Washington virou as costas para a América Latina após o 11 de Setembro, agora está alerta e pronto para tolher a figura de Hugo Chávez, presidente da Venezuela, que desponta como o "primeiro adversário real" dos EUA no hemisfério em muitos anos, embalado pelo crescente rejeicionismo e antiamericanismo na região.

February 17, 2006: Multiple elections changing region's leadership this year
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
By the end of 2006, 12 countries in Latin America will have newly elected or re-elected presidents. Three have already settled their presidential elections: Honduras, where last November the opposition won; Chile, where the incumbent coalition's Michele Bachelet became the first woman in the region to gain the presidency on her own right; and Bolivia, where Evo Morales coasted into office.

February 2, 2006: Contest for Mexico's presidency
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On July 2, Mexicans will choose a new president. Were the election held today, Andrés Manuel López Obrador would win Los Pinos -- the Mexican White House -- for the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD).

January 22, 2006: Múltiples caras de la izquierda en América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
Con la asunción al mando de Evo Morales en Bolivia, suman seis los presidentes de izquierda electos democráticamente en América Latina. Sin embargo, para Michael Shifter, vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano (una organización no gubernamental con sede en Washington), “esto no significa que en la región exista una tendencia monolítica”.

January 22, 2006: No crean en esos rótulos
By Michael Shifter
Source: Clarín (Argentina)
Las figuras que reciben con mayor frecuencia el rótulo de izquierdistas cubren un espectro muy amplio. Además de Castro y Chávez, al presidente de Brasil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, del Partido de los Trabajadores, se lo considera ideológicamente alineado con Tabaré Vázquez de Uruguay y el presidente de Argentina, Néstor Kirchner.

January 19, 2006: Chile's new president has the common touch
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
A Socialist, Chilean President Bachelet is a single mother of three, an agnostic, the daughter of an air-force general who was tortured and died in prison after Gen. Augusto Pinochet's coup. Bachelet and her mother also suffered imprisonment and torture before being exiled.

January 16, 2006: Populist delusions block Latin America's progress
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Financial Times
Populism is on the rise in Latin America. Disenchantment with democracy and market reforms is growing.

January 7, 2006: "EE.UU. y América Latina se divorciaron"
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Mercurio
Para Peter Hakim el quiebre radica en el lento crecimiento económico y el liderazgo de Chávez en la región.

January 5, 2006: Democracy + Market Economy = Progress
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Bolivia's Evo Morales surprised almost everyone last month by winning a 54 percent landslide in a crowded presidential field. His rags-to-power story dwarfs Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's in Brazil.

January 2, 2006: Is Washington Losing Latin America? (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs
Relations between the United States and Latin America today are at their lowest point since the end of the Cold War.

January 1, 2006: Más que un giro a la izquierda
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Opinion (Los Angeles)
A juzgar por los recuentos en los medios, la gran noticia en Latinoamérica para el año 2005 fue el giro político hacia la izquierda. Ya sea visto como una causa de preocupación o celebración, la investidura del primer gobierno uruguayo de “izquierda” en marzo y, de una forma más drástica, la elección en diciembre del primer presidente indígena boliviano —quien favorece la legalización del cultivo de coca y ha hecho un llamado para la nacionalización del gas natural- parecen señalar un cambio radical en la política de la región. Ese giro, sin embargo, es solo un fragmento de una mayor y más complicada historia.

January 1, 2006: Mexico's Uneasy Choice: The 2006 Presidential Election (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: World Policy Journal
Mexico's democracy has freed itself from its authoritarian past, yet it is faltering in its quest to become a modern nation. The country shed the one-party system that Peruvian novelist Mario Vargas Llosa once described as "the perfect dictatorship," only to witness its new multiparty system descend into political paralysis. It escaped the cycle of economic crisis that bankrupted the previous generations, only to watch as financial stability was steadily eroded by shifts in the global economy that have drained jobs and investment. Improved living standards and longer life expectancy have changed its demographic profile, but Mexico may never grow wealthy enough to pay for its citizens who reach old age. Mexico's next president will face decisions on immigration, security, and economic policy that will require breaking the persistent gridlock that has become the downside of the democratic transition.

January 1, 2006: Sending Money Home: Can Remittances Reduce Poverty? (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: id21 insights
At least US$232 billion will be sent back home globally by around 200 million migrants to their families in 2005, three times official development aid (US$78.6 billion dollars). Moreover, migration and remittance experts argue that the unofficial transfers could be as large as formal flows. What impact is this having on poverty reduction?

December 31, 2005: Ante una encrucijada
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
Hace 15 años el porvenir de América Latina parecía prometedor. La democracia y el mercado auguraban una nueva era de buen gobierno y bienestar popular.

December 31, 2005: ‘EE.UU. maneja la tesis de que en el patio trasero hay pocos intereses’
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
América Latina tiene en Michael Shifter a un aliado de pensamiento menos ortodoxo y más ecuánime sobre los procesos políticos y sociales en la región. Además, es el vicepresidente del Interamerican Dialogue (Diálogo Interamericano) que, desde Washington, mantiene la lupa permanente sobre los acontecimientos en el hemisferio sur.

December 22, 2005: Poverty hurts children the most
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Forty-one million children in Latin America won't cheer the holidays. They live in extreme poverty, i.e., on less than a dollar a day.

December 8, 2005: Under Bolaños, democracy has prevailed
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
President Enrique Bolaños now looks to remain in office until the end of his term in January 2007. For a while, it seemed as if he would suffer the fate of more than a dozen Latin American presidents in the past two decades who have had their terms cut short by either social upheavals or allegations of wrongdoing.

December 1, 2005: La maldición de los segundos periodos
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Según el sugerente recorrido político hecho por el autor, hay una especie de condena política en la que Estados Unidos y los diferentes países de América Latina son iguales: “Es difícil encontrar segundos periodos en la historia reciente —sean estos consecutivos o no— que hayan logrado mejores resultados que los primeros”.

November 24, 2005: U.S.-Europe meeting of minds hard to achieve (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Mars and Venus: That's the United States and Europe on so many fronts, and so it is on Cuba.

November 1, 2005: Of Ideological Convergence and Power in Nicaragua (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: FOCAL Point Spotlight on the Americas
To the untrained eye, the Nicaraguan political process seems to suggest that a crisis of legitimacy and political instability is clouding the country just as presidential elections are approaching in 2006. However, muscle flexing is what prevails between two ideologically opposed traditional political machines, resistant to adapt to democratic change and choosing instead short-term arrangements, with weak elite consensus. The end result is a struggle over control of political power, short-term ideological convergence, and substantive undermining of democratic institutions.

November 1, 2005: Summit of the Americas: Presidents Must Do More Than Mouth Platitudes
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
On Friday, President Bush will join the Western Hemisphere's 33 other elected leaders in Mar del Plata, Argentina for another Summit of the Americas. There are reasons to worry that this gathering of presidents, coming at a time when U.S.-Latin American relations are deeply troubled, could turn out to be a train wreck.

October 27, 2005: Book offers look at Raúl-Fidel aliance
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
We'll be talking about him long after he's gone. I try my darnest not to mention him -- that's really the most stinging dart -- but, sometimes, Fidel Castro must be named.

October 23, 2005: Diasporas, Development and Transnational Integration: Ghanaians in the U.S., U.K. and Germany (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Citizen International
Migration and development intersect vis-à-vis family remittances. The movement of people, transformed into modern day diasporas or transnational migrant groups, influences economic growth by virtue of the range of economic relationships fostered with the homeland. The Ghanaian diaspora is a critical model and case study demonstrating the impact that migrant economic relationships – in particular those that concern remittances – have on the home country. As remittance senders, Ghanaians are shown to remit in large amounts and on a regular basis. Their commitment is solidly associated with immediate relatives who benefit from these funds over an extended period of time. Unlike other diasporas whose remittance tends to decline over time, Ghanaians tend to remit more the longer they remain abroad.

October 13, 2005: Successes have been wrought 'against all odds'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It is the oldest among the democracies that emerged in Latin America after 1978. Yes, that's the Dominican Republic.

October 1, 2005: The Caribbean: Democracy Adrift? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Adam Minson
Source: Journal of Democracy
Many Caribbean nations have long taken pride in the strength of their political institutions and democratic traditions. Of the 15 countries that make up the Caribbean Community and Common Market (Caricom), only three - Grenada, Haiti, and Suriname - have experienced unconstitutional changes in government or external military interventions. In fact, most member countries have experienced peaceful transfers of power from ruling party to opposition and back again. During the last three decades, as much of the rest of Latin America shifted from military rule to democracy only to see democratic governments collapse under popular discontent, Caribbean democracies have remained comparatively stable and well functioning. Yet in many of these countries, unease lurks below the surface.

September 29, 2005: Keep politics out of the courts
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others. Winston Churchill, the author of that quote, knew a thing or two, and he's still talking to us.

September 15, 2005: After Katrina, compassion, politics
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin America has been second to none in supporting Katrina's victims. Heartfelt compassion at the sights and sounds of the tragedy is, of course, driving the generosity of foreigners and Americans alike.

September 1, 2005: Common-sense recommendations
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Drug-related violence and illegal immigration have tensed U.S.-Mexican relations. In the U.S. border states, anti-Mexican sentiments are growing.

September 1, 2005: Conceptual considerations, empirical challenges and solutions in measuring remittances (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Centre for Latin American Monetary Studies
Although for the past ten years an increasing number of players have attached significant importance to the impact of remittances on development and economic growth, its full contribution will be clearer once there is greater knowledge and more accurate measurement of the flows going to Latin America and the Caribbean. As part of a CEMLA mandate, this commissioned report tries to understand the challenges and opportunities associated with the measurement of remittances.

August 30, 2005: Scandalous Brazil
By Pater Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
Not much has been going right for the U.S. in Latin America. Mexico and Chile spoke for many countries in the region when they opposed the war in Iraq in the U.N. Security Council. And now Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, with the support of Fidel Castro, is intent on building a Latin American anti-U.S. coalition.

August 28, 2005: But Seriously . . .
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez is a lucky man. Not only is the elected leader of the world's fifth-largest oil producer reveling in today's market bonanza, he's also profiting from the blunders of opponents, using them to advance his so-called Bolivarian Revolution, at home and throughout Latin America.

August 4, 2005: Inching toward more democracy, less discrimination
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Are Mexicans racist? From the U.S perspective, two recent incidents would have us answer Yes.

August 3, 2005: Bush must press Uribe on steps for peace
By Michael Shifter and Vinay Jawahar
Source: Financial Times
Colombia’s Alvaro Uribe, who on Thursday meets George W.?Bush, the US president, in Crawford, Texas, is no stranger to criticism. Despite his popularity, during his three years in office he has frequently been described as inflexible and imperious, often indifferent to human rights.

July 21, 2005: Rays of hope amid violence
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Violence has been the law of the land in Guatemala. Racism and inequality have always scorched the social fabric.

July 7, 2005: Most still believe democracy is best
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Dissatisfied with how democracy works, most Latin Americans would still not support a military government.

July 1, 2005: Transnational Engagement, Remittances and Their Relationship to Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco et al.
Source: Instutite for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University
This report researches transnational ties between migrants and their home country. The study presents the results of a new study on the patterns of migrants’ transnational activities. Surveys were conducted among Latin American and Caribbean immigrants from 14 countries living in the United States and also of remittance-recipient families in eight countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. We analyze transnationalism through the scope of the “5Ts” – family remittance transfers, tourism, transportation, telecommunication, and nostalgic trade – and argue that they are important transnational activities that promote economic development in the age of globalization.

June 23, 2005: U.S. Policy can't stay on square one forever
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Neither confrontation nor engagement has worked. Both imply dialogue, and Fidel Castro only knows harangue.

June 9, 2005: The two Bolivias are more polarized than ever
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Three times and he's out? In March, Bolivian President Carlos Mesa twice tendered his resignation, which Congress did not accept. On Monday, he again resigned with a distressed, ''This is as far as I can go.''

June 6, 2005: Vigorous OAS vital for democracies
By Michael Shifter
Source: Miami Herald
For the first time in a quarter century, the annual General Assembly of the Organization of American States is being held on U.S. soil. President Bush is expected to address the gathering in Fort Lauderdale today.

May 26, 2005: Cuba-Mexico relations strained to the brink
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Mexico has a Cuba problem. After its vote for the resolution critical of the Cuban government at the U.N. Human Rights Commission in Geneva, Havana fired a fusillade of insults.

May 12, 2005: Latin America a a critical juncture
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
After an unprecedented five-at-bat strike outs on April 11, the Organization of American States hit a double on May 2 by electing Chilean Interior Minister José Miguel Insulza as its secretary-general.

May 11, 2005: Bonfire of the Andes
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
El Tiempo, Colombia's biggest daily, got it just right in its April 20 lead editorial: "Ecuador: A Collapse Foretold." The situation in Colombia's southern neighbor was approaching a breaking point, and no one was surprised when, later that day, Lucio Gutiérrez became Ecuador's third president in eight years to fail to finish his term.

April 28, 2005: Politics drives mounting crisis
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Nicaraguan President Enrique Bolaños may be on his way out. In recent days, protests -- by students, bus drivers and slum dwellers -- have shaken Managua and may be spreading to other cities.

April 14, 2005: History - complex Path to democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba's story is not, at heart, about the United States. It is about Cubans and our struggles for, yes, sovereignty but also good government -- freedom and democracy.

April 7, 2005: Chávez should not steer US policy
By Michael Shifter
Source: Financial Times
Latin America's left is not what it used to be. Economic policies being pursued by so-called leftist governments in the region draw less from the writings of Ché Guevara than from those of Adam Smith.

March 31, 2005: Much remains unchanged in country's politics (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Once in office, Fox quickly dissipated the aura of expectation. Public opinion has long considered the president clueless politically.

March 19, 2005: Sol Linowitz Dies; Carter-Era Envoy Helped Found Xerox
By Joe Holley
Published in The Washington Post

March 17, 2005: A Real Partnership Depends on Both Sides
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin America should be a priority for the United States but isn't really.

March 3, 2005: Confront Chávez with unity
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Not long after last August's referendum, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced the dawn of a new day for his Bolivarian revolution.

March 1, 2005: Markets and Financial Democracy: The Case For Remittance Transfers (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Journal of Payment Systems Law
A growing number of countries, including the United States, have recently committed themselves to facilitating remittance transfers by immigrants sending money back to their home countries. Leaders of the large industrialized democracies have called for efforts to reduce the costs of transfers and to promote a greater role by banks and other financial institutions in an industry currently dominated by wire transfer firms.

March 1, 2005: Latin America Defies Old Labels
By Michael Shifter and Vinay Jawahar
Source: Los Angeles Times
It is tempting to view today's inauguration of Uruguayan President Tabare Vazquez as further proof of a shift to the "left" in South America. After all, Vazquez comes from the Broad Front-Progressive Encounter coalition of communists, socialists and former Tupamaro urban guerrillas.

February 17, 2005: China offers opportunities, poses threats
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Published in The Miami Herald. China offers opportunities for Latin America. Trade is growing by leaps and bounds.

February 15, 2005: Latin America's Curious Peacemaker
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Fidel Castro may rule one of the few remaining "outposts of tyranny" in the world, but the Cuban dictator did us all a favor by breaking the impasse that threatened to escalate into a serious conflict between two countries of enormous strategic significance for the United States.

February 3, 2005: The searing legacy of slavery can't be overstated
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Up to 150 million Latin Americans are of African descent: 30 percent of the region's population and three times the 40 million who are indigenous.

February 1, 2005: Development and Remittances to Guatemala: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for U.S. Cooperation (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco with Eve Hamilton
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
Guatemala is a major recipient of migrant worker remittances, registering $2.6 billion in 2004. More than 50 percent of this flow has gone into rural areas and socially disadvantaged sectors where access to income and financial opportunities is scant. This flow is among the most significant forces of economic growth for Guatemala, yet it has received minimal policy attention.

February 1, 2005: Haiti after Aristide: Still on the Brink (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Current History
In the 1990s, Haiti was on the front lines of US efforts to help bind Latin America and the Caribbean into a 'community of democracies.' Today, the country is the closest example of a failed state this side of the Atlantic.

January 30, 2005: La despolarización necesaria
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
El 31 de enero los ministros de Exteriores de la Unión Europea ratificaron lo que ya ocurrió: la normalización de las relaciones con Cuba luego de las sanciones impuestas por la ola represiva de 2003. La administración de Bush y algunos sectores del Miami cubano rechazan de plano cualquier reblandecimiento —o lo que se perciba como tal— ante el régimen de Fidel Castro.

January 25, 2005: Cuba: El día después del velorio (PDF)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Real Instituto Elcano de Estudios Internacionales y Estratégicos
Marifeli Pérez-Stable argumenta que Cuba probablemente no saldrá de su estancamiento actual hasta después de la desaparición de Fidel Castro.

January 20, 2005: Other regions ahead in economic growth
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin America is lagging. China and India are leaping ahead.

January 6, 2005: Latin America: Brazil Flexes Muscles on International Stage
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Brazil is the second most important country in the Americas, and President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is reveling in it. An activist foreign policy -- centered on gaining greater clout for the erstwhile Third World -- is raising Brazil's profile in world affairs.

January 5, 2005: ¿Don Quijote cabalga de nuevo?
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
”Don Quijote" es el más reciente de una serie de símbolos que se busca asociar con la Revolución Bolivariana de Hugo Chávez. En abril, coincidiendo con el cuatrocientos aniversario de la publicación del clásico de Cervantes, Chávez distribuyó alrededor de un millón de copias del libro el Quijote a sus seguidores en lo que fue conocido como la "Operación Dulcinea". El Presidente venezolano buscó asociarse a la imagen de luchador por la justicia social, desfacedor de entuertos y soñador del Quijote.

January 3, 2005: President Makes Mockery of Rule of Law
By Michael Shifter
Source: Miami Herald
As shown by its reaction to the disputed elections in Ukraine, Washington can do a lot to defend democracy. But Washington isn't paying much attention to the ominous slide of democracy closer to home. Ecuador, where a recent rupture in democratic practices has sadly gone unnoticed, is a case in point.

January 1, 2005: Central America's Free Trade Gamble (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: World Policy Journal
In 2005, the small, poverty-stricken countries of Central America will embark on a grand experiment in free trade with the rich and powerful "colossus of the north." It is a wager of significant proportions that will reshape their economies and societies in the coming decades, and provide new fodder for the ongoing global debate on the advantages and drawbacks of trade integration among countries with vastly unequal levels of development.

January 1, 2005: Charting Castro's Possible Successors (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: SAIS Review
Fidel Castro has been president of Cuba for close to 50 years, but - despite the hopes of some around el Comandante - he will not live forever. Observers watch Castro's health and the swirl of leaders in his inner circle. There is no clear indication that communism will collapse after his death or that his brother - Raul - will take control. A number of would-be successors wait in the wings. This article looks at the top echelon of these figures, suggesting the next leader will likely come from a group of men numbering less than 10.

January 1, 2005: Hometown Associations and Development: Ownership, Correspondence, Sustainability and Replicability (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Katherine Welle
Source: New Patterns for Mexico: Observations on Remittances, Philanthropic Giving, and Equitable Development
Hometown associations (HTAs), organizations of immigrants who raise funds for the betterment of their places of origin, are growing in importance for communities in Latin America and the Caribbean. HTAs illustrate the evolving relationship between development and migration. One key aspect of this relationship is the impact on equity, an important component of development philosophy.

January 1, 2005: International Financial Flows and Worker Remittances: Best Practices (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: United Nations Population Division
The interplay between micro patterns and macro dynamics has created ‘distant proximities’ (Rosenau, 2003). Distant proximities are real-life experiences that both integrate and fragment relationships outside and inside borders. Immigrants are key protagonists of distant proximities: through their labour, they integrate their home and host countries into the global economy in order to keep their own families together. Nevertheless, their lives are also fragmented by the experience of distance and separation from their families and nations. The end result is a transnational lifestyle, characterized by both opportunities and hardships that feature this paradox of distance and closeness.

January 1, 2005: Transnationalism and Development: Trends and Opportunities in Latin America (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Remittances: Development Impact and Prospects
Within the framework of globalization, new transnational networks have emerged from the consolidation of migration ties. Migration networks, based on household-to-household relationships, are now contributing significantly to the integration of countries into the global economy. Expressions of that integration include immigrant-based donations, small and large investments, trade, tourism, and unilateral transfers of worker remittances. This chapter addresses those issues and their relationship to development.

January 1, 2005: Remittances and MFI intermediation: issues and (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Eve Hamilton
Source: Remittances, Microfinance and Development: Building the Links, Volume 1: a Global View
Remittance flows to Latin American and the Caribbean reached $45 billion in 2004. For countries such as El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Jamaica, among others, remittances represent 10 percent or more of GDP and are one of the most important sources of foreign currency (IAD 2004). At the household level, remittances are a critical source of income for families living in poverty. Receiving households have significant purchasing power relative to other poor households that do not receive remittances (Orozco 2004). These recipient households, have, however, limited access to the financial institutions that would provide them with access to financial services such as loans, and safe interest-earning savings instruments, including remittance delivery.

December 28, 2004: Looking Away as a Democracy Dies
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
As shown by its reaction to the disputed elections in Ukraine, Washington can do a lot to defend democracy. But Washington isn't paying much attention to the ominous slide of democracy closer to home. Ecuador, where a recent rupture in democratic practices has sadly gone unnoticed, is a case in point.

December 23, 2004: When clock stops ticking, bet on engagement may pay off
By Marifeliz Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It's a subject I try to avoid. But, every once in a while, something happens that drags me into yet another round of debate on how to deal with Cuba.

December 9, 2004: Focus on common foreign-policy goals
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
In the late 1970s, Adolfo Suárez -- Spain's first democratic president -- emphasized Latin America's special place in Spanish foreign policy. Initially, language, culture and history affirmed Spanish-Latin American ties; investments and diplomacy would later strengthen them.

November 25, 2004: Eradicate violence against women in Latin America
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
He was an egomaniacal tyrant, and the three sisters fearlessly opposed him. Once, their family left one of his parties early and defiantly refused to apologize.

November 11, 2004: Long way to go to implement solid reforms
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Time is not on Mexico's side. Consolidated democracies such as the United States, Canada and Western Europe took decades to settle democratic institutions, forge open societies and empower their citizens.

October 28, 2004: Fox missed chance for greatness
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Those were the days that ended -- no, vanished -- while Mexicans still relished Vicente Fox's dislodging of the PRI from the presidency. In 2001, Mexico had a golden opportunity to become Latin America's Spain: a democratic transition that laid solid democratic foundations after decades of authoritarianism or, at least, that was the hope.

October 18, 2004: Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues and Perspectives on Development (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organization of American States
When most people think of the flow of foreign currency to Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), they probably assume that foreign aid or investment by business accounts for most of the money arriving in Latin countries. In fact, immigrant remittances – money sent by Latin Americans living and working in other countries, most notably the U.S., to their families in their countries of origin – is the largest source of foreign capital flowing to LAC today. In 2003, Latin America received $38 billion. The significance of this financial resource is therefore hard to understate. Moreover, the volume and contribution of remittances raises crucial questions regarding the details of the actual contribution to growth, and how the remittance transfers can be maximized through a range of policy options, ranging from lower sending costs to enhancing equity and employment generation.

October 14, 2004: Improve media quality, strengthen governments
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Except for Costa Rica, democracy is fragile in Central America. How could it be otherwise after civil wars, dictatorships and even genocide? Other than the decade-long spring of 1944-1954 that the United States cut short in Guatemala, the region had no meaningful experience of elected government before 1990.

October 3, 2004: Kerry ganó por knockout
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
Previo a este primer debate presidencial en Estados Unidos, justo seis semanas antes de la elección, las encuestas estaban sugiriendo que el presidente George W. Bush se mantendría de 4 a 6 puntos por encima del senador John Kerry, al menos, entre la mayoría de votantes.

September 30, 2004: The dilemma: confiscated properties
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It won't be easy going forward. Transitions impose steep costs, and Cuba's will likely be steeper still: The future has been too long postponed.

September 14, 2004: Making political inroads, weakening stereotypes
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Over the past 15 years, Latin American women have made notable political strides. Four have been heads of state and 19 vice presidents.

September 2, 2004: Good-faith national dialogue could ease the impasse
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Democracy produces winners and losers. By most accounts, Hugo Chávez easily deflected the opposition's bid to recall him on Aug. 15.

September 1, 2004: The Future of American Business in Cuba: Realities, Risks, and Rewards (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems
Does Cuba represent a desirable opportunity for American business? Market analysts are deeply divided as to whether Cuba is a land of risks or rewards. On the one hand, Cuba remains a rigid communist state with a centrally controlled economic structure, a workforce with uncertain habits, low per capita income, and high levels of external debt. Nevertheless, an influential school of thought sees Cuba as a diamond in the rough, with the capacity to emerge as a "Latin tiger" of substantial interest to U.S. companies.

August 5, 2004: Some make peace with the past...and then there is Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
After the Spanish-American War (1898), the United States occupied Cuba and Puerto Rico. In 1902, the Cuban republic was born, albeit under the Platt Amendment where by Washington could intervene in Cuba to protect order and property.

July 22, 2004: Mesa, a political neophyte, leads the country on right path
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
"Productive'' Bolivia -- the crescent-shaped, gas-rich stretch from the eastern lowlands to the southern provinces -- rails against ''unproductive,'' western Bolivia. Secessionist rumbles may get louder still if the 2005 constituent assembly does not include the radical decentralization and autonomy that the ''crescent'' is demanding.

July 8, 2004: What will 'the Americas' really mean?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Together, the Americas were once the New World. The links of trade, peoples and cultures that Europe forged with the New World slowly crisscrossed all continents.

June 24, 2004: 'Inclusive capitalism' makes good politics
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''Dependency'' used to be a catch-all shibboleth for explaining Latin America's manifold problems. After 1492, the continent emerged subservient in a system of states and markets that benefited imperial powers.

June 16, 2004: The Remittance Marketplace: Prices, Policy and Financial Institutions (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Pew Hispanic Center
Over the past several months a growing number of countries, including the United States, have committed themselves to facilitating remittance transfers by immigrants who send money back to their home countries. Leaders of the major industrialized democracies and Russia at the annual summit of the Group of Eight (G8) countries that begins June 8, 2004 are expected to call for efforts to reduce the costs of transfers and to promote a greater role by banks and other financial institutions in an industry currently dominated by wire transfer firms. In January, leaders of the Western Hemisphere meeting at the Special Summit of the Americas in January called for the costs of remittances to be cut in half by 2008.

June 10, 2004: Only dialogue can restore shattered trust
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Citizenship is democracy's fulcrum. Contemporary Latin America has largely met the minimum standards for citizen rights: universal suffrage, civil liberties and free elections.

March 14, 2004: Crecerá el temor
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
Los ataques en Madrid fueron una tragedia terrible, particularmente para España, en donde crecerán más el temor y la ansiedad que provocan hechos de este talante.

March 1, 2004: Castro and Latin America: A Second Wind? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: World Policy Journal
Is Cuba's influence in Latin America on the rise? Washington seems to think so, and the Bush administration, which sees this as a threat to regional stability, has been sounding the alarm.

February 7, 2004: “Se acerca un momento decisivo para superar la crisis venezolana”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
Michael Shifter, uno de los especialistas en asuntos latinoamericanos más influyentes de Washington, señaló que el referéndum revocatorio servirá para conocer la decisión de la mayoría de los venezolanos sobre el Gobierno del presidente Chávez

February 1, 2004: The US and Latin America Through the Lens of Empire
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
For many Latin Americans, President George W. Bush’s November 6, 2003, speech before the National Endowment for Democracy touched on an all-too-familiar theme. Bush boldly called for a democratic revolution, led by the United States, in Iraq and the Middle East.

January 11, 2004: Summit goal: Get FTAA back on track
By Peter Hakim
On Monday, President Bush will travel to Monterrey, Mexico, for a summit meeting with the Western Hemisphere's 33 other elected heads of state.

January 1, 2004: The Haiti Dilemma (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Brown Journal of World Affairs
Haiti represents one of the most complex and deeply rooted challenges facing U.S. foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere: a failing state on the doorstep of the world's most powerful nation. By nearly any measure, Haiti ranks among the most difficult places to live, with social indicators rivaling the war-torn countries of sub-Saharan Africa. More than nine years since the United States restored the democratically-elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Haiti remains plagued by an ongoing political conflict, growing insecurity, and deteriorating institutions. On the threshold of Haiti's 2004 bicentennial anniversary of independence, the second oldest republic in the America's is gripped by a crisis that threatens to become a permanent feature of the regional landscape.

December 21, 2003: Bush e Irak: una guerra de elección
By Michael Shifter
Source: Semana (Colombia
Contra el parecer del mundo, el presidente George W. Bush invadió Irak, convencido de que era una manera de proyectar su poder y democratizar al Medio Oriente al estilo norteamericano.

December 21, 2003: Bush and Iraq: A War of Choice
By Michael Shifter
Source: Semana (Colombia)
At a meeting in Cartagena in September 2002, Colombian friends asked me one question: Did the United States really plan to go ahead with a military operation in Iraq? I said that I thought Bush had already made the decision to do precisely that. My Colombian friends seemed incredulous.

December 1, 2003: The Power of Arrogance
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
It was not surprising that, as 2003 drew to a close, Vietnam would once again figure prominently in the minds of many Americans. In November, US media were dominated by images marking the 40th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas.

December 1, 2003: El poder de la arrogancia
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
El fantasma de Vietnam reaparece en la mente de muchos norteamericanos. Lo trae de vuelta la conmemoración del cuadragésimo aniversario del asesinato de John F. Kennedy en Dallas, pero también el que noviembre haya sido el mes más sangriento desde que empezara la invasión de los Estados Unidos a Irak. ¿Ha caído el gigante del Norte en un nuevo laberinto del que no sabe cómo salir?

November 26, 2003: AMERICAS: FTAA future
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
On November 20, 34 Western Hemisphere trade ministers meeting in Miami announced a watered-down framework for the Free Trade Area of the Americas negotiations.

November 25, 2003: America and Brazil both lost out in Miami
By Peter Hakim
Source: Financial Times
The outcome of last week's meeting in Miami of 34 western hemisphere trade ministers gave free trade advocates little to cheer about.

November 16, 2003: To Address Inequality, Look Racism in the Face
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
As much as any country in Latin America, Bolivia faithfully took the medicine of modernity advocated by Washington.

November 16, 2003: It's up to U.S. whether FTAA moves forward
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
Last September, global trade talks among 148 countries in Cancún, Mexico collapsed in acrimony. This week, trade negotiators from 34 Western Hemisphere nations will meet in Miami to try their hand at a smaller, regional accord, the Free Trade Area of the Americas.

October 21, 2003: A more positive Brazilian trade policy
By Peter Hakim
Source: Financial Times
In recent weeks, Brazil has amply demonstrated its powerful influence on regional and global trade talks.

October 12, 2003: Add to Our To-Do List: Finishing the Job in Haiti
By Peter Hakim and Dan Erikson
Source: Washington Post
President Bush's national security adviser, Condoleezza Rice, declared in talking about U.S. policy in Iraq: "When Americans begin a noble cause, we finish it." Former secretary of state Madeleine Albright echoed Rice's words in Foreign Affairs magazine, writing that Democrats "believe in finishing the jobs we start." The experience in nearby Haiti refutes both of their claims.

October 3, 2003: Uribe: The Price of an Outburst
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
As if any further evidence were actually needed, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe has shown that the politics of human rights and democracy have become increasingly globalized.

October 3, 2003: Uribe: El precio de un Exabrupto
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
Por si se necesitara alguna evidencia adicional, el presidente colombiano Álvaro Uribe ha mostrado como los temas de democracia y derechos humanos están crecientemente globalizados.

September 29, 2003: ¿Solo contra el mundo?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
A lo largo de las semanas pasadas, tanto la imagen como la estatura de Uribe en Washington, han sufrido, sin duda alguna en cierta medida, pero el daño no debería exagerarse. Sus comentarios respecto a algunos grupos de derechos humanos fueron mal aconsejados y le dieron munición a sus críticos que desde hacia rato habían advertido sobre sus tendencias autoritarias.

September 15, 2003: Hometown Associations and their Present and Future Partnerships: New Development Opportunities (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
Transnational migration and globalization have transformed the relationship between the United States and Latin America. New players have emerged, expanding the scope of international interaction. One player promoting local development is the hometown association (HTA) formed by immigrants who seek to support their places of origin, maintain relationships with local communities, and retain a sense of community as they adjust to life in the United States (Orozco 2000).

September 9, 2003: The truth isn't enough for Peru
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
Salomon Lerner could barely contain his emotions. His voice cracking at various points, the president of Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission delivered the panel's final report on Aug. 28.

September 1, 2003: US Security Policy Speech Presented at the Consejo Empresario de América Latina (CEAL) Conference and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Hemispheric Security Conference
By Peter Hakim
This essay seeks to answer three questions. What are the main elements of the US post-9/11 security agenda worldwide? What does Washington expect of Latin America nations regarding security matters? How does the US security agenda affect US policy toward Latin America generally?

August 6, 2003: Colombia's New Hope
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New York Times
Effective political leadership is in short supply these days, so when it emerges, it tends to exert a gravitational pull. That is what is happening with Alvaro Uribe, Colombia's enormously popular president, who this week completes his first year in office.

July 23, 2003: Kirchner deserves US goodwill
By Peter Hakim
Source: Financial Times
Néstor Kirchner's visit to Washington this week has to be mainly a fence-mending exercise. Badly frayed relations between Argentina and the US are damaging both countries' interests and have set back inter-American co-operation generally.

July 17, 2003: A Policy for the Neighbors
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Times
Relations between Latin America and the United States are increasingly marked by irritation and distrust. Yet this tension has passed almost unnoticed by the United States press and unaddressed by the United States government. Such indifference has grave consequences not only for diplomacy but also for human rights.

July 16, 2003: Why Venezuela Matters
By Michael Shifter
Source: The National Interest
One of the major puzzles in U.S. foreign policy has been the relative indifference with which the United States has dealt with the unprecedented political crisis in Venezuela. The policy question has been relegated to a second tier, due in part, no doubt, to the distraction of senior U.S. officials after 9/11. What is the nature of the crisis, and what are the stakes for the United States?

July 1, 2003: The Future of Democracy in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Freedom House Freedom of the World Report
In Latin America, perhaps more so than in other regions, there remains an acute, gnawing sense of a missed opportunity. After all, the fall of the Berlin Wall coincided not only with the culmination of a vigorous process toward democratic, constitutional government, but also with a growing support for deepening economic ties throughout the Americas.

July 1, 2003: Estados Unidos fuera de la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Por primera vez un candidato norteamericano no logró los votos necesarios para integrar la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos. Michael Shifter nos ofrece un lúcido análisis de las razones que llevaron a América Latina a expresar por esta vía su descontento con el vecino del norte.

June 28, 2003: Washington wary of Kirchner
By Peter Hakim
Source: Buenos Aires Herald
Though the first contacts between the Kirchner administration and US officials have been reasonably friendly, there are still doubts in the Bush administration about the new Argentine government’s commitment to reform and a productive bilateral relationship, according to a leading expert on hemispheric affairs.

June 24, 2003: Lula visits Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva met President George Bush at the White House on June 20, for the second time since his election last October and the first time since taking office in January.

June 18, 2003: 'La ayuda depende de los resultados', señala presidente del Diálogo Interamericano
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo
La guerra contra las drogas cayó en el escalafón de prioridades de E.U., dice Peter Hakim.

June 16, 2003: “Colombia no puede ser torpe”
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Ahora que hay tantas dudas sobre las razones que motivaron el ataque contra Iraq, las preguntas que surgen en el país es si fue conveniente para Colombia la decisión de apoyar a Estados Unidos.

June 8, 2003: Ayudar a Colombia: razones y sinrazones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
Unos pocos titulares recientes sobre América Latina han despertado tanta curiosidad e interés como el que apareció en la edición del 9 de marzo de The Washington Post: "Estados Unidos busca evitar un papel más profundo en Colombia. El envolvimiento tiende a disminuir después de que termine la búsqueda de los americanos".

June 8, 2003: Helping Colombia: Reasons and Irrationalities
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
Few recent headlines on Latin America have aroused as much curiosity and interest as the one that appeared in the March 9 edition of The Washington Post: “US Seeks to Avoid Deeper Role in Colombia. Involvement Likely to Decline after Hunt Ends for Americans.”

May 11, 2003: Bush's Game of Revenge
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
The first President Bush envisioned the United States and Latin America as a hemisphere-wide economic community. The second President Bush seems to have abandoned his father's vision and substituted a winners-losers game based on the question: Did you support me in my quest to oust Saddam Hussein?

May 5, 2003: LATIN AMERICA/US: Defining policy
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
On May 1, the US Senate held a confirmation hearing for Roger Noriega, the proposed new Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs.

April 1, 2003: Venezuela off the Radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
In Washington, Hugo Chavez does not command the attention of Saddam Hussein or Kim Jung II. The Venezuelan president has been accused of many things, but never of possessing weapons of mass destruction.

April 1, 2003: Venezuela fuera del radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
En Washington, el presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez no recibe la misma atención que Saddam Hussein o Kim Jong Il. Se le ha acusado de muchas cosas, pero nunca de poseer armas de destrucción masiva. Cabe resaltar, además, que Chávez tiene la legalidad de su lado: la mayoría de los venezolanos lo eligió por vías democráticas, dos veces.

April 1, 2003: Venezuela off the Radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
In Washington, Hugo Chavez does not command the attention of Saddam Hussein or Kim Jung II. The Venezuelan president has been accused of many things, but never of possessing weapons of mass destruction. Significantly, Chavez has legality on his side: he was democratically elected, twice, by a majority of Venezuelans. According to the country’s constitution, he can – provided he is reelected in 2006 – remain in office for a total of 13 years.

March 31, 2003: Alca em 2005 é quase impossível, diz analista dos EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Agencia Estado
Será "quase impossível" que a Área de Livre Comércio das Américas (Alca) seja criada na data programada, janeiro de 2005, na opinião de Peter Hakim, presidente do Inter-American Dialogue, um dos principais centros de análise de políticas norte-americanas e de assuntos do Hemisfério Ocidental, com sede em Washington.

March 30, 2003: O impacto da guerra ao Iraque na América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de Sao Paolo
Em que pesem seus dois votos no Conselho de Segurança da ONU, a América Latina não é relevante para a guerra contra o Iraque.

March 28, 2003: LATIN AMERICA/US: War strains ties and harms growth
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
Negative consequences arising from the war in Iraq.

March 24, 2003: The Impact of Migration in the Caribbean and Central American Region (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Canadian Foundation for the Americas
Central America and the Caribbean are experiencing the economic and social effects of new transnational actors, namely an emerging diaspora. These diasporas constitute important factors integrating their countries of origin in the hemisphere’s economy. This paper offers an analysis of these changes,with particular attention to the impact of migration on Central America and the Caribbean and addresses the development of migration from this region to the changes of the economies from agro-exporting to labour exporting societies. An important focus of this paper is on worker remittances as a major source of economic impact. It will also stress the importance of growing linkages beyond the family at the communal, social and political levels. The economic and business contributions of Central American and Caribbean citizens living in Canada and the United States are immense and signal a new type of relationship, not only in labour mobility, but also in trade and investment.

March 1, 2003: The US and Iraq: Your french fries aren't what they used to be
By Michael Shifter
Source: Published in ideele (Peru)
At first, I was sure it was a joke (and not a very good joke, either). A friend told me that “French Fries” no longer existed and was now replaced by a new name, “Freedom Fries.” This was in protest of the French government’s aggressive stance against the United States on the Iraq question.

March 1, 2003: EEUU después de Irak: Sus Papas fritas no son las de antes
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Al comienzo estuve seguro que era una broma (y, por cierto, no una muy buena). Un amigo me había dicho que las “French Fries” (papas fritas) ya no iban a existir y que iban a ser cambiadas por las “Freedom Fries” (papas fritas de la libertad). Esto en protesta por la agresiva posición del gobierno francés contra los Estados Unidos en el asunto Iraquí.

February 17, 2003: Worker Remittances in an International Scope
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Multilateral Investment Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank
This study looked at the impact of remittances on nine countries in Southern Europe, Asia, and Africa, and at the cost of transferring money from six major sending countries. It also compared these costs with sending remittances to Latin America. The report is based on interviews with experts and businesses, a review of the literature on remittances, and data gathering and analysis of pricing, sending methods, and technologies employed by more than fifty money transfer businesses including banks, ethnic stores, and international money transfer corporations.

February 7, 2003: Family remittances to Nicaragua: Opportunities to increase the economic contributions of Nicaraguans living abroad (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
At least $500 million dollars in remittances are going to Nicaragua from the United States and Costa Rica, where ninety percent of Nicaraguan immigrants reside. The impact of these flows on development and economic growth represents at least one quarter of the country’s gross domestic product. Therefore, remittances have become a key source of income for the country, opening a window of development opportunities.

February 1, 2003: Latin America's New Political Leaders: Walking in a Wire
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Today’s underlying political currents in Latin America are less about ideology and more about a public desire to find leaders who can effectively address everyday problems, and who do so honestly. The formulas of the past—whether ‘socialism’ in the 1970s or ‘neoliberalism’ in the 1990s—have been widely questioned, and largely dismissed. With traditional ideas and structures breaking apart, new leaders are being called on to produce results.

January 15, 2003: Remitting Back Home and Supporting the Homeland: The Guyanese Community in the U.S. (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
Guyana represents an important illustration of the effects that migration can have on a country’s economy. This report looks at the extent to which the Guyanese diaspora is connected with its home country and the level of remittances and contributions made to its country’s economy.

January 12, 2003: How Free Trade Will Alter a Hemisphere
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: New York Times
Last week, the Bush administration opened negotiations to create a free-trade agreement similar to Nafta with five Central American countries, a large step in the administration's plans for a free-trade zone throughout the Western Hemisphere.

November 24, 2002: The New Crop of Leaders Is No Cause for U.S. Worry
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
After nearly five years of deepening economic despair and growing political disorder, Latin Americans may be tempted to abandon market economics, democratic politics and their decade-long effort to hook their economic future to the United States.

November 19, 2002: Rescuing Venezuela from the Brink
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
Venezuela's political crisis, already the most volatile in the hemisphere, grows deeper by the day as protests mount and opposing forces battle for control of the capital's police force. The polarization between the government of Hugo Chavez and opposition elements has brought the country to the edge of paralysis, chaos and, conceivably, civil war.

October 8, 2002: Which Lula For Brazil?
By PeterHakim
Source: Washington Post
After polling 47 percent of first-round votes on Sunday, opposition leader Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva—Lula to every Brazilian—seems a sure bet to be elected president of Brazil in the Oct. 27 runoff against government candidate Jose Serra, the runner-up with 24 percent.

April 24, 2002: Fora do mapa
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Veja
Especialista em América Latina diz que só o comércio e o eleitorado hispânico podem tornar a região mais visível para os Estados Unidos.

April 21, 2002: Democracy and U.S. Credibility
By Peter Hakim
Source: New York Times
For nearly 20 years, successive American governments have worked hard to persuade Latin Americans that Washington cares about democracy in the region and is prepared to use its power to support and defend democratic governments.

April 21, 2002: Democracy in Venezuela, Unsettling as Ever
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
For Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Sept. 11, 2001, turned out to be a decisive day in ways few could have imagined. Just moments after the terrorist attackson the United States, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, speaking at a special session of the Organization of American States in Lima, Peru, eloquently defended a new democratic charter -- which called for hemispheric responses to interruptions of constitutional rule.

March 5, 2002: Aid to Argentina: Strings Attached
By Peter Hakim
Source: Washington Post
Argentina is an economic mess. Its banks are broke, surviving by not paying depositors. Its federal and state governments cannot pay employees and suppliers; foreign debt payments are suspended; economic activity has slowed to a crawl; unemployment is heading toward 30 percent; and the nation's health and education systems are reeling.

March 1, 2002: The New Cuba Divide (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: The National Interest
The U.S. embargo of Cuba has been an extraordinarily resilient foreign policy, able to weather diverse political trends and even historical eras without substantial challenge. Change is afoot, however, and the best evidence of that change may be found in Congress.

February 1, 2002: Colombia: Proceso de paz entre la agonía y la esperanza
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
La reciente alza de Álvaro Uribe en las encuestas a solo cuatro meses de las cruciales elecciones presidenciales colombianas es, antes que cualquier otra cosa, una muestra muy elocuente de la extendida frustración ciudadana con los esfuerzos del presidente Pastrana por poner fin al conflicto interno que asola el país por cuatro décadas.

February 1, 2002: Peace process: between agony and hope
By Michael Shifter
Source: Published in ideele (Peru)
Alvaro Uribe’s recent surge in the polls, less than four months before Colombia’s critical presidential elections, is, more than anything else, an eloquent measure of the widespread public frustration with President Andres Pastrana’s efforts to end that country’s four-decade long conflict.

January 28, 2002: Tentaciones y lecciones del proceso de paz
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano considera que para salir de la crisis, el proceso de paz necesita un catalizador para que las partes avancen y que Estados Unidos debería jugar ese papel respaldando los esfuerzos de la ONU y de los países amigos.

January 5, 2002: Una Agenda Agitada
By Michael Shifter
Source: Peru Económico
Quienes veían con optimismo, a comienzos de la década del noventa, las perspectivas del hemisferio, modificaron sus proyecciones para mediados de la misma: los signos de mayores complicaciones políticas y económicas, además de las mayores tensiones en las relaciones interamericanas obligaron a replantear el análisis.

November 20, 2001: Farc no son una amenaza para los EU
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
Invitado por la Fundación Buen Gobierno, estuvo de visita en Colombia el vicepresidente de la organización Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter. Por más de 25 años estudioso y seguidor de la problemática colombiana, dialogó con El Espectador sobre las perspectivas de la relación Colombia-EU y la lucha mundial contra el terrorismo.

November 11, 2001: Colombia Policy Should Not Be Terror's Next Victim
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
On the morning of Sept. 11, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell was in Lima, Peru, when he got word of the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington. He was set to fly to Colombia that afternoon, a South American country that has experienced more than its share of terrorism. Instead, he returned to Washington.

October 8, 2001: Strike to the Heart
By Michael Shifter
Published in Que Hacer For another generation, innocence was utterly lost on September 11, 2001. “US ATTACKED” The New York Times headline the next day said it all. Everyone, everywhere, was shaken and numbed by what happened.

October 2, 2001: Don't forget Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Things have not been going well in Latin America for some time. The events of Sept. 11 are making the situation worse.

October 1, 2001: ¿Cómo cambiará América Latina en la agenda de Estados Unidos?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Peru Economico
América Latina, región que nunca fue de la más alta prioridad en la agenda de Washington, podría quedar aún más rezagada, especialmente en el corto plazo, como consecuencia del nuevo contexto internacional suscitado por los acontecimientos del 11 de setiembre.

September 19, 2001: The Deepening Tragedy Demands Better U.S. Engagement
By Michael Shifter and Victoria Wigodzky
Source: Crimes of War Magazine
On May 16, the Bush administration announced the Andean Regional Initiative, requesting some $882 million for the 2002 budget to assist Colombia and six neighboring countries - Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. The State Department's public statement spelled out the rationale behind the new effort: "In contrast to last year's Plan Colombia supplemental, less than half of the assistance will be for Colombia and only half will be for law enforcement and security assistance. We have already briefed this initiative in general terms both to other donors and the recipient nations, and it has been well received."

September 19, 2001: La Profundización de la Tragedia Requiere un Compromiso Más Acertado de los EE.UU.
By Michael Shifter y Victoria Wigodzky
Source: Crimes of War Magazine
El 16 de Mayo, la administración de Bush anuncia La Iniciativa Regional Andina, requiriendo alrededor de $882 millones de presupuesto para dar asistencia a Colombia y seis países vecinos – Ecuador, Venezuela, Panamá, Perú, Bolivia y Brasil.

August 30, 2001: US passivity in Argentine crisis sends a bad signal
By Peter Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Argentina's economic crisis - not hemispheric free trade or US-Mexican relations, as expected - has been the first test of President Bush's often-proclaimed commitment to enhancing US-Latin American ties.

July 26, 2001: Bush's bold pledge to help the world's poor
By Peter Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Speaking at the World Bank last week, just before attending the summit of the world's richest countries, George Bush took on the most significant foreign- policy challenge of his young presidency: He made the alleviation of global poverty a top priority.

July 22, 2001: The Angst of Democracy
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
Even the most upbeat observers of Latin America are struggling to maintain their optimism these days. Up to now, these analysts have remained relatively sanguine by concentrating on the political and economic winds in major countries, which are more positive. That is precisely why Argentina's current economic distress is so significant--and troubling.

June 28, 2001: Two cheers for the prosecution of Latin American strongmen
By Pater Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Argentina’s former President Carlos Menem has time and again showed an extraordinary talent to shock and surprise.

June 24, 2001: América Latina mitificó a Estados Unidos
By Entrevista para El Comercio (Ecuador)
Publicado en El Comercio Las relaciones entre EE.UU. y América Latina tienen que ser multilaterales. Michael Shifter, experto de Diálogo Inter Americano, cree que ya no se puede pensar en políticas unilaterales ni imposiciones. Las políticas para combatir problemas comunes deben resolverse en consensos.

May 24, 2001: Time to embrace Central America with free trade
By Pater Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
US Trade Representative Robert Zoellick has called for consideration of a free trade agreement with the nations of Central America.

May 21, 2001: Populism and Latin America
By Pater Hakim
Source: The Washington Post
Jackson Diehl has it wrong [op-ed, May 14]: Populist leaders are not challenging for power or threatening to uproot the market economic policies in Latin America.

April 25, 2001: Clearing the Air in Quebec
By Peter Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
At the recent Summit of 34 Western Hemisphere heads of states in Quebec City, the sizeable and sometimes violent protests gained most of the headlines and television time. But other business got done as well.

April 17, 2001: In need of undivided attention
By Peter Hakim
Source: Financial Times
When 34 western hemisphere heads of state assemble in Canada this week the mood of the Latin American participants will be somber.

April 15, 2001: A Blast From the Past Riles Presidential Politics
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
On July 28, 1985, Alan Garcia became Peru's youngest-ever president at 35 and promised an era of social progress and democratic renewal. Instead, he left the country in near-ruin, with both inflation and political violence reaching unprecedented levels. Yet, despite this shameful record, it is conceivable that Garcia, now 51, may get another chance to lead Peru on July 28, 2001.

April 5, 2001: CUBA/US: Policy Pressures
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
The prospects for US-Cuba relations under the Bush administration.

April 2, 2001: Can an Anti-Narcotics Effort be Multilateralized? (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky and Jorge I. Domínguez
Source: Inter-American Dialogue Policy Brief

April 1, 2001: A Friend the U.S. Can't Afford to Lose
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
After his meeting with Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President George W. Bush should realize that the United States cannot achieve its most important Western Hemisphere objectives without Brazilian cooperation.

April 1, 2001: Un primer paso - El reto de George W. Bush: ampliarlo
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
Tal vez lo mejor que pueda decirse sobre el Plan Colombia es que existe. Al fin y al cabo, Colombia necesita un plan, un marco de gran alcance que intente atacar los múltiples problemas del país, que cada vez se hacen más profundos.

March 28, 2001: Five ways Bush can brighten Latin America's mood
By Pater Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
The mood of Latin American leaders was downbeat in Chile last week at the Inter-American Development Bank's annual meeting.

March 7, 2001: Adios Fujimori
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Vivimos en otro país, escribe el abogado peruano Ernesto de la Jara. Todo cambió de un momento a otro. Se está refiriendo, por supuesto, al increíble desmoronamiento del régimen del presidente Alberto Fujimori, ocurrido en noviembre pasado luego de una década de vida.

March 1, 2001: Adiós, Fujimori (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
“We live in another country,” writes Peruvian lawyer Ernesto de la Jara. “Everything changed from one moment to the next.” He’s talking, of course, about last November’s astonishing meltdown of President Alberto Fujimori’s decade-long regime.

March 1, 2001: The Uneasy Americas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreing Affairs
This April, President George W. Bush will travel to Quebec City for a summit meeting of the western hemisphere's heads of state.

February 1, 2001: Message from Latin America: Start—but Don’t Stop—with Mexico
By Peter Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Most Latin Americans were pleased that President Bush made his first foreign trip to Mexico—seeing it as the necessary forerunner of enhanced US attention to the entire region.

February 1, 2001: Drugs, Democracy and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Service Journal
Despite the rhetoric, promoting democracy is not always a top U.S. priority in Latin America.

February 1, 2001: United States–Latin American Relations: Preparing for the Handover
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Whether the United States can resist the unilateral temptation and respond more constructively to the concerns of Mexico and other Latin American countries—and to the practical challenges of working with its neighbors—may be the defining question for inter-American relations in the early part of the new century.

January 21, 2001: A Risky Policy Unfolds - and No One Is Paying Attention
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
Nothing evokes Vietnam more these days than U.S. policy toward Colombia. Many worry that the $1.3-billion anti-drug, mostly military aid package approved last summer by Congress--and the placement of several hundred U.S. trainers in the Andean country--could be the first steps on a slippery slope to a Vietnam-style quagmire.

January 11, 2001: Cómo nos va a ir con Bush
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
¿Más intervencionismo? ¿Más ayuda? ¿Más militarismo? Desde Washington, Michael Shifter, especialista en Colombia del Diálogo Interamericano, responde a estos interrogantes en artículo para CAMBIO.

January 11, 2001: How are we going to do with Bush?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
In Washington, just weeks before the inauguration of George W. Bush as the 43rd president of the United States, the favorite sport is to guess and speculate how the new administration is likely to handle a wide variety of issues once it is in place. This exercise, though fraught with risks, is nearly irresistible.

January 1, 2001: Chile Free Trade Talks Will Test Bush
By Pater Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
When, at the end of November 2000, the Clinton Administration announced it would begin negotiating a free trade arrangement with Chile, it was carrying out a six-year old promise made at the 1994 Miami summit of Western Hemisphere heads of state.

December 10, 2000: This Plan Isn’t Working
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
"Plan Colombia" has become a policy many people and governments love to hate. The $7.5 billion aid program was conceived jointly by U.S. and Colombian officials in September 1999 to deal with Colombia's deterioration into a lawless state fueled by the drug trade. Recently the plan has generated a strong backlash among some of the very governments and private groups whose support is critical if the Colombian government is to regain control of the country.

November 1, 2000: ¡Cómo extrañaba todo esto!
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
El 7 de noviembre voté muy cerca de mi casa en Washington D.C. Lo hice muy temprano, a las 7 de la mañana, cuando las mesas de votación recién se abrían.

September 4, 2000: U.S. needs a long-range strategy for Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
When President Bill Clinton traveled to Colombia last week, he should have taken a cue from his boyhood idol, John F. Kennedy. In 1961, President Kennedy toured South America to launch the Alliance for Progress for social reform and development.

March 1, 1996: EEUU en la posguerra fría (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: QueHacer
Hace más de un cuarto de siglo, antes de que la Guerra fría terminara, Lenny Bruce, el perspicaz y controvertido actor estadounidense de finales de los 50 y principios de los 60, pronostico todo lo que iba a suceder.

November 2, 1992: Un Brindis por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate
Precariedad. Esa fue la primera sensación que tuve cuando llegue a Lima -seis meses después de los famosos sucesos penales y seis meses antes de la famosa estratificación de la banca.

November 2, 1992: Un Cherry por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate
Precarious. That is the first sensation I had when I arrived in Lima in January, 1987 -six months after the famous "penales" and six months before the also famous bank nationalization.

November 1, 1992: Un Brindis por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate

November 1, 1992: A Toast to Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate

March 30, 1988: Central America Gives Us an Opening (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Los Angeles Times

September 1, 1987: Positive Containment in Nicaragua (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Foreign Policy

August 14, 1987: If Nicaragua's Neighbors Have Faith, So Should We (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Los Angeles Times

March 29, 1968: Guatemala and Counter-terror (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Declassified State Department Cables