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Recent Publications and Events

November 26, 2014: What Will Result From Obama's Immigration Policy Action?
By Peter Hakim, Dan Stein, Arturo Sarukhan, Louis DiSipio
Source: Latin America Advisor
Q: U.S. President Barack Obama last week announced a plan to protect as many as five million undocumented immigrants from deportation. Obama's plan has drawn sharp criticism from Republican lawmakers who accuse him of overstepping his authority as president. How will Obama's action affect U.S. relations with Latin American countries? Will Obama's move spur Congress to pass its own immigration reform, or will lawmakers focus on fighting the president's actions? What are the implications for businesses in the United States and Latin America?

November 18, 2014: Brazil's Pending Security Challenges
By Marielle Coutrix
Following last month’s reelection of Dilma Rousseff, many analysts have focused on the economic and political issues on her second-term agenda. But Brazil also faces considerable public security challenges, reflected in a high homicide rate, the prevalence of organized crime, particularly drug trafficking, and widespread police corruption. What are the recent trends in violent crime in Brazil? What strategies are the national and local governments pursuing to deal with this problem? What can be done to improve pacification and policing strategies? What are the opportunities for better state-federal cooperation? What has been the role of civil society organizations?

November 18, 2014: How Interested Are Companies in Investing in Cuba?
By Matthew Aho, José R. Cárdenas, Scott J. Morgenstern, Carlos Saladrigas
Cuba's government on Nov. 3 asked international companies to invest more than $8 billion in the Caribbean island nation. The country's foreign commerce minister expressed hopes that the 246 projects being pitched by the government, ranging from an auto plant to a hog farm, would help spur Cuba's flagging economy. How interested are international companies in investing in Cuba? What benefits and drawbacks will companies encounter in investing there? What results have come from Cuba's four-year-old economic reform process?

November 14, 2014: ¿Debería hacerse algo para mejorar el sistema internacional de derechos humanos?
By Sonia Picado
Source: Latin America Advisor
República Dominicana se retiró de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos a principios de noviembre, apenas unas semanas luego de que el tribunal irritara al gobierno con un fallo apuntando que discrimina a personas dominicanas de ascendencia haitiana. Otros dos países, Trinidad y Tobago y Venezuela, también se han retirado de la corte poco después de fallos con los que sus gobiernos no estaban de acuerdo. ¿Qué tan efectivos pueden ser los órganos judiciales internacionales si el cumplimiento es voluntario y los países pueden simplemente retirarse cuando no están de acuerdo? ¿Debería hacerse algo para mejorar el sistema, o es su desempeño el que se esperaba?

November 12, 2014: Beyond Venezuela's Simmering Crisis
By Marielle Coutrix
he breakdown of talks between the government and the opposition Democratic Unity (MUD) Alliance earlier this summer does not bode well and further suggests that reconciliation and growth will be a lengthy and complex process. Referring to the report Crisis Group published earlier this fall, both analysts argued that finding a sustainable solution to the Venezuelan crisis would require concerted political action by the international community.

November 10, 2014: Brazil’s Foreign Policy: Dilma’s Choices
By Marielle Coutrix
On Monday, The Dialogue welcomed Rubens Barbosa, former Brazilian Ambassador to the United States and current head of the foreign trade council of São Paulo's Federation of Industries (FIESP) to discuss the challenges Dilma faces as she prepares for a second term in office. Peter Hakim also joined the conversation to evaluate the prospects of a strengthened US-Brazilian bilateral relationship. The Dialogue’s Michael Shifter moderated the discussion.

November 6, 2014: What Does New Leadership Mean at Argentina's Central Bank?
By José Octavio Bordón, Claudio Loser, Nicolas Parrondo, Daniel Artana
Source: Latin America Advisor
Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner last month accepted the resignation of central bank governor Juan Carlos Fábrega, naming the head of the securities and exchange regulator, Alejandro Vanoli, to replace him. In a speech the day before Fábrega's resignation, Fernández had accused central bank employees of helping currency speculators. What was behind Fábrega's resignation? What sort of central bank will Vanoli run? How will Argentina's long-brewing currency woes play out?

November 6, 2014: Climate Change and Latin America
By IAD Staff
In December, world leaders will travel to Lima, Peru to participate in United Nations COP 20 talks. In the lead-up to the meeting, experts weighed in on climate change policy in Latin America at a panel hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington, DC.

November 6, 2014: China's Growing Presence in the Caribbean
By Paul Shortell
China’s rapid economic growth and increasing international reach creates new possibilities for trade, investment and finance in the Caribbean, according to of Dragon in the Caribbean: China’s Global Re-dimensioning – Challenges and Opportunities for the Caribbean, a new book by Ambassador Richard Bernal of the Inter-American Development Bank.

November 5, 2014: Reforming the Human Rights System: Challenges and Possibilities
By Marielle Coutrix
The Inter-American human rights system is widely recognized as one of the most valuable parts of the Organization of American States. The system, however, faces great challenges. In recent years, both the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights have been the subject of vigorous debate, reflecting changes in the political landscape and increasing demands on the system. The forum focused on possible reforms to make the system more effective in defending human rights and advancing democratic principles throughout the Americas. It will featured the main ideas for reform that emerged from a private gathering at the University of Notre Dame earlier this year of human rights lawyers, scholars, diplomats, and judges involved in the Inter-American human rights system.

November 4, 2014: Would Expanding Preschool & Daycare Benefit Latin America?
By Claudio X. González Guajardo, Ariel Fiszbein
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombian Finance Minister Mauricio Cárdenas said last month that the country's tax reforms would help pay to expand early childhood education, adding that 2.4 million children younger than five are in families too poor to afford preschool. A few days later, Brazilian presidential candidate Aécio Neves proposed expanding preschool to all children in the country as well as creating universal access to daycare. To what extent would expanding preschool and daycare benefit Latin American countries, when even some industrialized countries like the United States do not offer those benefits? Are such initiatives likely to be realized in the region? Are there drawbacks to such plans?

October 29, 2014: Could Ebola Threaten Latin American & Caribbean Countries?
By Marcos Espinal, Katherine Bliss, Amy Nunn
Source: Latin America Advisor
Amid the Ebola outbreak, countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have heightened public health protections, such as Jamaica, where the government created a "National Coordinating Team" to respond to the threat of the virus, and the United States, which despite declaring its health system is superior has had health care workers contract the disease. How well are countries in the Americas prepared to fight the spread of a disease like Ebola? Are resources to protect public health in the region being allocated in the right way? What implications would an outbreak of a disease like Ebola have in areas such as immigration policy and security? What more should aid agencies, governments, multilateral organizations and others be doing in the fight against Ebola?

October 28, 2014: A Close Finish Results in Four More Years for Dilma
By David Fleischer
Source: Latin America Advisor
On Sunday, Brazilians returned to the polls for the second-round runoff elections—for president and governors in 14 states. Because Brazil now has four time zones, the presidential election tally was released after 8 p.m. Brasília time. However, the results of the gubernatorial elections were released before 8 p.m.

October 28, 2014: Brazil's Presidential Election: Interpreting the Results
By Marielle Coutrix
Brazil is the seventh-largest economy in the world and is increasingly a global player. On October 26, President Dilma Rousseff won a narrow victory over challenger Aécio Neves. What does a second term for Dilma mean for the future of Brazil and the US-Brazil relationship? Just days after the vote, the Atlantic Council's Adrienne Arsht Latin America Center and the Inter-American Dialogue welcomed policy specialists to discuss what the results signal for Brazil's economy, Brazil's position on the global stage, and what to expect in 2015 and beyond.

October 24, 2014: What Are the Most Critical Issues Facing the Region's Women?
By Joan Caivano, Jacqueline Pitanguy, Maria de los Ángeles Fernández R.
Source: Latin America Advisor
For the second year in a row, people in Latin America are less likely to say they live in countries where women are treated with respect and dignity than people in any other region, according to a recent Gallup survey. A median of 35 percent of adults across 22 Latin American countries said women are treated with respect in their nations, about half as high as percentages in any other region, Gallup said, though the figure disguises wide differences between countries. How are women faring in Latin America, and what are the most important issues facing women in the region? Where has progress been made and how has that been achieved? What more needs to be done to promote gender equality?

October 24, 2014: Politics and Possibilities for Immigration Reform
By Marielle Coutrix
The session explored the following questions: First, in the likely absence of Congressional action, what decisions and initiatives can be expected from President Obama after the mid-term elections? Second, in what ways has the recent surge in child migrants from Central America shifted the debate over immigration reform? Third, how can immigration policy be linked with US-sponsored regional security initiatives? And finally, how will immigration issues likely affect the next presidential campaign – and outcome?

October 23, 2014: Fiscal Policy, Inequality, and the Ethnic Divide in Guatemala
By Maynor Cabrera, Nora Lustig, and Hilcías Morán
We are pleased to announce the publication of Commitment to Equity working paper no. 20: "Fiscal Policy, Inequality, and the Ethnic Divide in Guatemala." The study of Guatemala is part of the commitment to Equity Project (CEQ), a joint initiative of the Center for Inter-American Policy and the Department of Economics, Tulane University and the Inter-American Dialogue. This study has been partially funded by the Gender and Diversity Division of the Inter-American Development Bank.

October 22, 2014: Falling Oil Prices Push Venezuela, Maduro Closer to the Edge
By Paul Shortell
Source: World Politics Review
With crude oil prices down 25 percent since June and holding at roughly $86 a barrel on Tuesday, Venezuela is getting nervous. Lower prices will put greater strain on Venezuela’s oil-reliant economy as its government struggles with growing macroeconomic imbalances. Yet even with all the problems that reduced oil prices create for his administration, President Nicolas Maduro is doubling down on his current policies.

October 20, 2014: A Conversation with Colombia's Minister of Labor, Luis Eduardo Garzón
By Marielle Coutrix
Minister Garzón, a widely respected union leader and former mayor of Bogota and presidential candidate, will be a key player in advancing president Juan Manuel Santos’ social agenda during his second term. During the latter part of Santos’ first term, Garzón served as Minister Counselor for Social Dialogue. He discussed the government’s major labor policies, which aim at extending social security for all workers, reducing the size of the informal sector, and insuring a reasonable minimum wage. Garzón also talked about the state of labor unions and their relations with the government and the private sector.

October 15, 2014: Will Latin America Be Able to Solve its Infrastructure Problem?
By Mike Murkowski, Gabriel Goldschmidt, Mary Rose Brusewitz
Source: Latin America Advisor
Over the next decade, there is $900 billion in planned public and private investment for infrastructure in Brazil, while other countries are also spending billions of dollars on roads, airports and other public works projects. Still, some businesses that rely on modern logistics systems say planned projects aren't enough to meet their needs. Where is the greatest demand for improved infrastructure in the region, and how well do current plans address those needs? Has money already committed on infrastructure projects been spent wisely? Does the region have adequate engineering talent and other human capital for needed projects? Can a country spend too much on infrastructure?

October 14, 2014: What Should Bolivians Expect From a Third Morales Term?
By Miguel Centellas, César Arias, Jaime Aparicio, Kathryn Ledebur, Delfina Cavanagh, Roberto Laserna
Source: Latin America Advisor
Bolivian President Evo Morales won re-election on Sunday, Oct. 12 with an estimated 60 percent of the vote. What can investors expect from another Morales administration? What do Sunday's legislative election results suggest about Morales' governing strength and maneuverability moving ahead? Will anticipated lower prices for natural gas, an important export commodity for Bolivia, undermine the recent momentum in the economy? What economic priorities would you advise Morales to set for his next term?

October 10, 2014: Evo's Journey: Discussion of the Bolivian Elections
By Marielle Coutrix
Riding a strong economy and facing a weak and fragmented opposition, Bolivian president Evo Morales seems poised to secure a third term. Many attribute his commanding lead in the polls to a result of improvement in living standards. Critics point to authoritarian tendencies and an unfair electoral process. To what extent do personal charisma, political skill, and luck account for Morales’s apparent strength? How strong is Morales’ MAS (Movement for Socialism) political party? If reelected, what will Morales’ agenda be moving forward? Will Bolivia be able to sustain its positive economic and social performance? Will the nature and quality of Bolivia’s democracy change? How has Morales’ support base and political project evolved since he was first elected in 2005, and what is it likely to look like in the next period? To what extent does the Bolivia case fit with regional trends, in the Andean countries and more widely? How does governance compare with that of its neighbors?

October 9, 2014: A Conversation with Mauricio Cárdenas, Colombia's Minster of Finance
By Megan Cook
Minister Cárdenas, ratified as finance minister by president Juan Manuel Santos at the start of his second term, will focus on policies that have helped make Colombia Latin America’s fastest growing economy. He will discuss the challenges in sustaining and even increasing the country’s growth in light of a regional economic deceleration. He will also talk about Colombia’s fiscal reform and plans to provide economic support for an eventual implementation of a peace agreement with the FARC. Prior to his current position, Cárdenas served as Minister of Mines and Energy, Economic Development, Transportation, and also as Director of National Planning. From 2008 to 2011, he headed the Latin American initiative at the Brookings Institution.

October 8, 2014: How Is Latin America's Middle Class Faring?
By George Gray Molina, John Price, and Jeff Dayton-Johnson
Experts George Gray Molina, John Price, and Jeff Dayton-Johnson assess the state of Latin America's middle class in the October 8 issue of the Latin America Advisor.

October 7, 2014: Who Has the Edge Ahead of Brazil's Presidential Runoff?
By Peter Hakim, Carlos Eduardo Lins da Silva, Riordan Roett, Richard Feinberg, and Beatrice Rangel
Source: Latin America Advisor
Expert Q&A in October 7 edition of the Latin America Advisor, featuring insights from Peter Hakim, Carlos Eduardo Lins da Silva, Riordan Roett, Richard Feinberg, and Beatrice Rangel

October 2, 2014: Navigating Risk in Brazil's Energy Sector: The Chinese Approach
By Margaret Myers and Lisa Viscidi
Highlighting findings from a public meeting on Chinese investment in Brazil’s energy sector, report analyzes critical challenges to investing in Brazil’s oil and gas, electricity generation and transmission sectors from the perspective of Chinese companies and identifies opportunities for cooperation and policy improvement.

October 1, 2014: Workshop on Refining Markets in Latin America
By IAD Staff
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a group of the industry’s leading experts for a workshop on refining markets in the Americas, part of our series on the impact of the North American oil boom on Latin America, in cooperation with the Inter-American Development Bank.

October 1, 2014: Brasil, elecciones y clases medias
By Peter Hakim
Dialogue president emeritus Peter Hakim discusses the upcoming presidential election in Brazil and asserts the results will be decided by the country's middle class.

September 30, 2014: Which Factors Will Decide Brazil's Presidential Election?
By Peter Hakim, Melvyn Levitsky, and Riordan Roett
Expert Q&A on the October 5 presidential election in Brazil, featuring responses from Peter Hakim, Melvyn Levitsky, and Riordan Roett.

September 30, 2014: A New Course for Brazil?
By Marielle Coutrix
Polls show that the race between President Dilma Rousseff and her major challenger Marina Silva, former Environment Minister and Senator, is very tight. The Dialogue hosted Peter Hakim, Otaviano Canuto, Claudia Trevisan, and João Augusto de Castro Neves to discuss the October 5 and the implications of potential results.

September 29, 2014: ¿Qué deberían hacer los gobiernos y los organismos internacionales para afrontar la crisis de sequía?
By Miguel Barreto
Source: Latin America Advisor
Una grave sequía ha destruido cultivos en América Central, donde hasta 2,8 millones de personas están luchando para alimentarse, dijo que el Programa Mundial de Alimentos de las Naciones Unidas el 29 de agosto. El sur de Guatemala, el norte de Honduras y el oeste de El Salvador se han visto especialmente afectados. ¿Qué deberían hacer los gobiernos de esos países y los organismos internacionales para afrontar la crisis? ¿Cómo afectará la sequía a las economías de los países centroamericanos involucrados? ¿Qué debe hacerse para evitar este tipo de crisis en el futuro?

September 26, 2014: Colombia eyes interconnection with Chile
By Arron Daugherty
Source: Business News Americas
Colombia is looking to interconnect its electricity grid as far as Chile, Lisa Viscidi of think tank Inter-American Dialogue told BNamericas.

September 24, 2014: Chinese Mining Activity in Latin America: A Review of Recent Findings
By Iacob Koch-Weser
This report offers an extensive review of the English, Chinese, Spanish, and Portuguese literature on Chinese overseas mining activity, highlighting a sub-set of issues especially relevant to policymakers. These include China’s effect on global commodity markets, the country’s outbound investment policies, and the much-debated impact of Chinese demand on resource-rich economies. Drawing on media reports and statistical databases, Koch-Weser also analyzes current industry trends, including developments in China’s metals trade, overseas mining activity, and Beijing’s take on environmental regulation. The report concludes with timely suggestions for further research on Chinese mining in the Americas.

September 19, 2014: Immigration Policy: What's Next?
By Marielle Coutrix
On Friday, September 19, the Dialogue was pleased to host a discussion on immigration policy. The recent upsurge in unaccompanied minors in the southern border has re-framed the political discussion on immigration reform. President Obama recently announced that he plans to delay executive action on immigration reform until after November’s midterm elections. In light of this announcement, what comes next? To what extent and in what ways will the elections likely impact the prospects for changes in US immigration policy? How do local and national groups view the current moment and how are they responding?

September 19, 2014: A Conversation with Simón Gaviria: Colombia's Director of National Planning
By Ilona de Zamaroczy
In his current position, Gaviria, an economist who previously served in the Colombian congress and was president of the Liberal Party, will play a key role in proposing policies to carry out the three priorities of President Juan Manuel Santos’ second-term agenda: peace, equity and education. Among the challenges facing Gaviria are increasing the rate of investment, reducing unemployment, and accelerating economic growth. Gaviria will focus on devising development plans to consolidate the country’s peace under post-conflict scenarios as well as on managing royalty revenues from the oil and mining sectors.

September 12, 2014: Building on Strengths, Collaborating on Challenges
By Mary Dempsey
Regional integration, social inclusion, and the need for a more competitive business climate in Latin America emerged as recurring themes at the XVIII Annual CAF Conference. Some 1,200 past and present government officials, lawmakers, diplomats, academics, economists, journalists, policymakers, and other participants gathered in Washington, DC, on September 3 and 4 to discuss the most pressing challenges and opportunities in the Western Hemisphere.

September 11, 2014: Mexico energy reform gives Colombia the jitters
By Arron Daugherty and Lisa Viscidi
Source: Business News Americas
In the first of a two-part series, Inter-American Dialogue's energy, climate change and extractive industries program director Lisa Viscidi talks to BNamericas about how the Colombian government is looking to increase oil reserves and maintain competitiveness as Mexico opens its hydrocarbons market.

September 9, 2014: Drug Challenges in the Americas: A Conversation with José Miguel Insulza
By Marielle Coutrix
Public and official attitudes toward drugs and drug policy have changed in the US and many countries of the region. The emphasis on absolute prohibition and strict law enforcement is giving way to strategies that allow for the decriminalization or legalization of some drugs, and sharply reduced penalties for many of those involved in the production and sale of drugs. The OAS produced a landmark report on hemispheric drug policies last year, which sets out the data and analysis that make clear the risks of sticking with current approaches. It also carefully lays out the alternatives, which present their own risks and benefits. Since its publication, the report has substantially enriched policy discussions and debates about drugs and given new credibility to those who have been arguing for changes in policy. It has also reinforced Latin American leadership on drug problems and related issues.

September 2, 2014: The Future of US-Brazil relations: Confrontation, Cooperation or Detachment?
By Peter Hakim
Source: International Affairs - Chatham House
Peter Hakim assesses the future of US-Brazil relations one year after Edward Snowden revealed the United States' massive spying operation in the South American country.

August 31, 2014: Análise: o desafio é abrir-se para o mundo
By Peter Hakim
Source: Estadão
Os brasileiros deveriam ficar muito satisfeitos com a condução da política externa de seu governo nas duas últimas décadas. O Brasil se destacou como um polo de poder regional na América.

August 28, 2014: Perspectives on Energy and Mining in Colombia
By Lisa Viscidi
Newly appointed Mines and Energy Minister Tomás González stressed the important role of the oil and mining sectors in funding government efforts to promote peace and economic development in Colombia at a private meeting hosted by the Dialogue in Bogotá, Colombia.

August 24, 2014: Dilma Rousseff está debilitada
By Andrew Gunther, Bret Rosen, Margaret Hayes, David Ross, Carlos Biedermann
Source: Latin America Advisor / Excelsior (Mexico)
Datos recientes sugieren que la economía de Brasil enfrenta un periodo difícil, con la erosión de la confianza empresarial y de algunos sectores y la caída en la recesión, así como los desafíos externos, como la desaceleración del crecimiento de China y los problemas económicos en la vecina Argentina. Aunque Brasil tiene un buen acceso al financiamiento internacional, la cantidad de capital necesario para sus grandes proyectos de infraestructura sigue siendo enorme. A la luz de estos desafíos ¿cuál es el panorama para la inversión en Brasil, y cómo se podrían financiar las necesidades de infraestructura del país? ¿Qué propuestas económicas de los candidatos presidenciales están resonando con los votantes antes de las elecciones de octubre? ¿Cómo el resultado de la carrera afectará el sentimiento de los inversionistas?

August 20, 2014: Cristina Lizardo, Dominican Republic's First Female Senate President
By Megan Cook
Source: Latin America Advisor
A profile of Cristina Lizardo, the Dominican Republic's first female Senate President

August 15, 2014: How Will Eduardo Campos' Death Affect Brazil's Presidential Race?
By Peter Hakim, Joel Korn, David Fleischer, Riordan Roett, Gilberto Rodrigues
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian presidential candidate Eduardo Campos was killed when his private jet crashed Wednesday as it prepared to land in the city of Santos. Campos' death sent shockwaves through the country's political world and rattled financial markets just two months ahead of Brazil's October presidential election. What effects will Campos' sudden death have on the race, including any potential runoff?

August 14, 2014: Venezuela: Prospects for an Uncertain Future
By Amanda Mitchell
Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro is struggling to manage a deteriorating political and economic situation. The inflation level is the world’s highest, scarcity is rampant, and crime continues to be a serious issue. Against the backdrop of acute fiscal pressures, internal divisions within the government are intensifying and are posing significant strains. The opposition is also split and has shown few signs of moving towards a more coherent political strategy. It is also unclear what the consequences will be of the Obama administration’s recently announced visa sanctions directed at Venezuelan government officials for human rights abuses.

August 12, 2014: Violence Driving Migration of Children to United States: Report
By Megan Cook
Source: Latin America Advisor
Violence is "the most powerful, immediate driver" of the increase of unaccompanied minors migrating to the United States from Central America, according to a report released Monday by the Inter-American Dialogue. Tens of thousands of children, mainly from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, have been apprehended at the U.S. border over the past year, prompting debate over the causes and appropriate responses in the United States and Central America.

August 11, 2014: Understanding Central American Migration: The Crisis of Central American Child Migrants in Context (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Julia Yansura
There has been a sharp increase in the number of unaccompanied migrant children from Central America attempting to enter the United States in the past few years. This increase is also seen among adults, though to a lesser degree. As the United States, Mexico, and Central American countries struggle to address this crisis, debates have raged surrounding the humanitarian, legal, and political implications of any possible solution to this complex and troubling issue. This memo aims to inform the current debate by integrating data on issues triggering this outflow while also introducing the perspectives of the people and communities they affect. Specifically, it draws on data from 900 municipalities to analyze migrant hometowns in relation to human development,violence, and education.In addition, it presents the results of a nationwide survey in El Salvador and a survey of Central American migrants residing in the Washington, DC metropolitan area.

August 11, 2014: Child Migrants from Central America: Research Findings
By Jean Coleman
On August 11, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion of the current crisis of Central American child migrants featuring new research findings by the Migration, Remittances and Development Program.

August 6, 2014: Keeping Up with the Brics
By Peter Hakim
Have the Brics opened a new chapter in the evolution of global economic institutions? President Emeritus of the Dialogue Peter Hakim assesses the countries' creation of the new international development bank and a reserve arrangement to deal with financial crises in China Policy Review.

August 5, 2014: Is Latin America Meeting the Millennium Development Goals?
By George Gray Molina, Alejandra Kubitschek Bujones, Paula Lucci and Ronaldo Munck
Source: Latin America Advisor
The United Nations in 2000 established the Millennium Development Goals, eight targets for poverty reduction and development for countries to achieve by the end of 2015. How successful have Latin America and the Caribbean been in reaching the goals, and where have they fallen short? With governments now debating a series of sustainable development goals for the post-2015 agenda, what should be included? How useful are these kind of broad targets as measurements of progress in the region?

August 4, 2014: Un futuro más brillante por México: La promesa y los retos de la reforma eléctrica
By Lisa Viscidi and Paul Shortell
Aunque la reforma de petróleo y gas de México ha capturado el centro de atención en México y en el extranjero, la reforma del sector eléctrico es posiblemente más importante para el crecimiento económico del país, el comercio y el presupuesto fiscal. A largo plazo, esta reforma tan importante debería reducir los precios de la electricidad para el sector industrial, reducir las limitaciones presupuestarias y de funcionamiento para la CFE y llevar a México hacia una matriz energética más limpia. Aunque el gobierno ha tomado pasos importantes hacia el establecimiento de un marco de energía correcto, aún queda mucho trabajo por hacer y existen muchos desafíos y dudas que la reforma no podrá resolver a corto plazo.

July 28, 2014: In Need of Investment, Peru Rolls Back Environmental Standards
By Paul Shortell
Source: World Politics Review
After a run of good years, Peru’s government faces mounting economic challenges. On July 11, President Ollanta Humala unveiled a series of reforms intended to stabilize Peru’s economy and shore up investor confidence. Approved by the Permanent Committee of Peru’s Congress, the package includes outstanding debt forgiveness for businesses and long-term tax restructuring intended to improve Peru’s investment climate. But more controversially, the newly approved laws will roll back pollution standards and fast-track environmental licensing for new energy and mining projects.

July 23, 2014: Santos' Second Term: What to Expect?
By Amanda Mitchell
On June 15th, President Santos defeated Oscar Iván Zuluaga after one of Colombia’s most intense campaigns in recent memory. Santos enters his second term hoping to finalize negotiations with the FARC and ELN to end the country’s 50 year-long conflict, to continue Colombia’s macroeconomic success, and to provide long-needed improvements in infrastructure and services. But with a strong opposition, led by former president Álvaro Uribe, the next four years are likely to pose significant challenges to Santos’ agenda.

July 20, 2014: Año de elecciones en Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
En el período de un año desde 2013 a noviembre 2014, se producen las elecciones presidenciales en nueve países de América Latina, la mitad de las naciones de la región.

July 18, 2014: Putin Is Still ¡Muy Popular!
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Vladimir Putin's six-day Latin American tour this past week reveals that, in the face of tougher economic sanctions by the United States and perhaps the European Union over the Ukraine crisis, the Russian president will not be quiescent. Anticipating an intensifying showdown on Ukraine, Putin took advantage of a meeting of the BRICS countries in Brazil to pursue a diplomatic initiative and call on political support in Cuba, Nicaragua, Argentina, and Brazil.

July 16, 2014: Senate Testimony: Challenges at the Border: Examining and Assessing the Root Causes Behind the Rise in Apprehensions at the Southern Border
By Michael Shifter
More than 52,000 Central American children, passing through Mexico, have sought entry into the United States. Despite the broad agreement on the need to tackle the challenge, however, a fierce political debate in the United States has ensued. While a variety of proposals have been put forward to deal with the tragic and urgent situation, most of these are little more than stop-gap measures that seek to provide humane treatment to the children and either hasten or slow deportations of the minors. The bulk of President Obama’s $3.7 billion request to Congress, though targeted to essential purposes that mostly deal with current conditions on the US side of the border, is nonetheless unlikely to stem yet another wave of migrants coming from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador down the road.

July 16, 2014: Young Migrants and US Policy
By Brigid Carmichael
The discussion examined the evolving situation of these young migrants and how the US government and the governments of Central America are defining and responding to the challenges they present. It also explored the consequences of Washington’s policy choices for the prospects of immigration reform and US relations with El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, where most of the migrants originate.

July 14, 2014: To keep kids from our borders, fix things farther south
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
As it confronts the recent influx of child migrants from Central America, the United States must not only reform its domestic immigration policy, but also reassess its drug, trade, and foreign-aid policies toward the region, writes Dialogue President Emeritus Peter Hakim.

July 11, 2014: A Difficult Balancing Act
By Lisa Viscidi
Source: El Tiempo
After winning a second term, the hard work now begins for President Juan Manuel Santos. And that applies not only to advancing the peace process but also to achieving broader social harmony. For the energy sector, Santos must build support from business and social movements for policies that promote investment while ensuring the greatest overall benefits for the country.

July 11, 2014: ¿Qué debería hacerse respecto a los niños migrantes no acompañados?
By Nicolas Mariscal, Gretchen Kuhner, Carlos Arrazola, Arturo Sarukhan, Dan Stein, Robert Kaplan
Source: Latin America Advisor
Q: El gobierno de EE.UU. dice que sus agentes han detenido este año fiscal cerca de 52.000 niños no acompañados en la frontera sur, el doble del número 2013. Citando los altos costos de enfrentar el influjo, la diputada Rep. Candice Miller (R-Mich.) sugirió el mes pasado suspender la ayuda y derogar los acuerdos de libre comercio con México y los países centroamericanos para obligarlos a hacer más, mientras que otros líderes del Congreso bautizaron el problema como una crisis humanitaria. ¿Qué hay detrás del aumento de niños no acompañados que cruzan la frontera? ¿Qué deben hacer los Estados Unidos y los países de origen hacer sobre la situación? ¿Que tan seriamente afecta las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y sus vecinos?

July 9, 2014: What Should Be Done About Unaccompanied Child Migrants?
By Arturo Sarukhan, Dan Stein, Gretchen Kuhner, Robert N. Kaplan, Carlos Arrazola
Source: Latin America Advisor
The U.S. government says its agents have picked up some 52,000 unaccompanied children at the southern border this fiscal year, twice the 2013 number. Citing the high costs of dealing with the influx, Rep. Candice Miller (R-Mich.) last month suggested cutting off aid and repealing free-trade agreements with Mexico and Central American countries to spur them to do more, while other congressional leaders cast the issue as a humanitarian crisis. What is behind the spike in unaccompanied children crossing the border? What should the United States and countries of origin do about the situation? How seriously is the issue affecting relations between the United States and its neighbors?

June 30, 2014: La permanencia de la corrupción en Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
A excepción de unos pocos países, la corrupción es endémica en toda América Latina. A pesar de la retórica de los dirigentes políticos de todas las tendencias ideológicas, afianzada por tratados regionales, planes nacionales, y miles de campañas, la región ha hecho escasos progresos para acabar, o incluso modestamente frenar, las prácticas de corrupción en los últimos 20 años.

June 26, 2014: The Outlook for Brazil’s Oil and Gas Sector
By Juan Osuna and Mackenzie Welch
What does the future hold for Brazil's oil and gas industries? After many years of praise, Brazil’s national oil company Petrobras has garnered criticism. For many, its weak profits, soaring debts and stagnant oil production indicate that the company is struggling under the weight of government intervention. With presidential elections on the horizon, our panelists discussed the future of Brazilian energy policy, the outlook for oil and gas production, and the appetite for investment from international oil companies and Chinese state firms.

June 26, 2014: Media Forum: Freedom of the Press and Digital Transformations in Latin America
By María José González Rivas
América Latina vive una verdadera transformación digital que está cambiando radicalmente la manera en que los usuarios reciben información y que obliga a los gobiernos a adecuar la regulación de la prensa a los nuevos tiempos. Y en toda esta discusión, la pregunta que prima es: ¿hay más o menos libertad de expresión en la región como resultado de su revolución digital y las nuevas legislaciones mediáticas?

June 25, 2014: U.S. Drug Policy in the Western Hemisphere
By Mackenzie Welch
Combating the drug trade has been at the top of the U.S. policy agenda in the Western Hemisphere for over a decade. Despite this focus and 6.7 billion dollars spent in intervention, violence and drug trafficking continue to threaten regional security. To address these persistent problems, Representatives Engel and Salmon have introduced the Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission Act, a law which would establish an independent directive to assess U.S. drug policy in Latin America and make recommendations for future efforts. Ambassador Simons from the Organization of American States has also spearheaded efforts to understand the issue with greater clarity. Speaking to an audience on Capitol Hill, the three experts laid out their plans for this commission.

June 24, 2014: Education Reform in Chile: Challenges and Opportunities
By Federico Sucre
On Tuesday, June 24, the Dialogue hosted a discussion with Senior Fellow Sergio Bitar on the ambitious education reforms proposed by Chilean President Michelle Bachelet.

June 24, 2014: The Outlook for Panama's New President
By Murat Dagli
Panama’s new president, Juan Carlos Varela, assumes office on July 1st. Elected vice president four years ago, Varela split with then President Ricardo Martinelli, and defeated Martinelli’s handpicked candidate in this year’s presidential race. He now confronts a complicated political landscape that has been dominated by his predecessor, whose party continues to maintain a majority in Congress.

June 24, 2014: Mexico’s Energy Reform: Assessing the Secondary Legislation
By Juan Osuna
Mexico is facing critical energy challenges. The country's energy reform and recently proposed implementing legislation are crucial for boosting the country’s natural gas production and supplying reliable, affordable electricity. Still, questions remain: Will Mexico see the projected boom in domestic gas production from shale and other resources? Will President Enrique Peña Nieto deliver on his promises to lower power prices and reduce subsidies? Will renewable energy developers have sufficient incentives for investment?

June 23, 2014: Financial Education and Inclusion in Mexico
By Jean Coleman
The results of a recent financial education project informed a wide-ranging discussion on financial inclusion strategies in Mexico, where less than one in three adults has an account at a formal financial institution and less than one in ten has saved money formally in the past year.

June 20, 2014: Ecuador: ¿Es probable que se apruebe la enmienda constitucional?
By Felipe Burbano, Patricia de la Torre, César Montúfar
Source: Latin America Advisor
El presidente ecuatoriano, Rafael Correa, dijo recientemente que pedirá a los miembros de la mayoría legislativa de su partido aprobar una enmienda constitucional que permitiría la reelección indefinida para todos los políticos en el país. Correa, cuyo mandato expira en 2017, no ha dicho si él buscaría la reelección. ¿Es probable que se apruebe la enmienda constitucional? ¿Qué hay detrás de la decisión de Correa para impulsar este cambio ahora? ¿Son los límites del término constitucional una práctica buena o mala?

June 18, 2014: What Does Cantor's Loss Mean for U.S. Immigration Reform?
By Jim Kolbe, Arturo Sarukhan, George Grayson, G. Philip Hughes
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. House of Representatives majority leader Eric Cantor (R-Va.) last week suffered a high-profile primary loss to opponent Dave Brat with some attributing Cantor's loss partially to his stance on immigration reform, which Brat attacked as supporting "amnesty" for illegal immigrants. How important of a role did Cantor's stance on immigration play in his defeat? What does his loss mean for the prospects of immigration reform moving forward? Will other Republicans now be more reluctant to support a comprehensive reform measure?

June 16, 2014: Can Santos Finally Make Peace in Colombia?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Santos's ability to give the peace issue a sharper, more concrete focus and generate enthusiasm -- if not for him personally than for the wider cause -- helps account for the impressive reversal in the Bogotá battleground from the first to the second round

June 12, 2014: More Foreign Investment a Top Priority for Costa Rica: Solís
By Megan Cook
Source: Latin America Advisor
During his first visit to the US as president, Luis Guillermo Solís, president of Costa Rica, engaged in a wide-ranging exchange with the Washington policy community.

June 12, 2014: A Brighter Future for Mexico: The Promise and Challenge of Electricity Reform
By Lisa Viscidi and Paul Shortell
While Mexico’s oil and gas reform has stolen the limelight both at home and abroad, the electricity reform is arguably more critical to the country’s economic growth, trade and fiscal budget. High power generation costs, deficient infrastructure, and barriers to competition are leading Mexico on a path toward soaring industrial electricity tariffs and unsustainable energy subsidies. A sweeping overhaul of the country’s framework for the electricity and hydrocarbons sectors should reduce electricity prices. But while the government has taken important steps toward establishing the right energy framework, much work remains to be done -- and the many potential challenges and uncertainties mean that the reform is unlikely to bear fruit in the short term.

June 11, 2014: DEBATE: Michelle Bachelet's Reform Agenda
By Celeste Castillejo
President Bachelet has started her term with an ambitious and controversial agenda that includes tax, education and constitutional reforms aimed at addressing the country’s inequality. The Dialogue hosted three experts to debate these and other issues.

June 11, 2014: Will the World Cup Be a Boom or a Bust for Brazil?
By Thomas Rideg, Ben Supple, Joel Korn
Source: Latin America Advisor
While it was originally expected that infrastructure investments and World Cup-related tourism would boost Brazil's economy, a recent Banco Santander report cast doubt on the effects that the sporting event, which begins Thursday, will have on Brazil's economy, noting that hotels and restaurants are expecting a slowdown and that additional holidays taken by Brazilians may dampen economic growth. How is the World Cup affecting Brazil's economy, and will it have an overall negative or positive effect? Will infrastructure investments made for the Cup succeed in promoting long-term growth?

June 10, 2014: Symposium on Reproductive Rights in Latin America
By Josh Manley
On June 10, the Inter-American Dialogue and the Center for Reproductive Rights co-hosted the Symposium on Reproductive Rights to engage experts and policymakers on an important issue impacting women across Latin America.

June 10, 2014: The State of Brazil's South American Project
By Matias Spektor
The author takes stock of the progress and obstacles in Brazil's attempt to carve out a South American space as its principal geopolitical point of reference.

June 10, 2014: Informe avance SIEPAC y propuesta de medidas
By Genaro Arriagada
El estudio analiza los avances del proyecto Sistema de Interconexión Eléctrica de los Países de América Central (SIEPAC) y enumera los obstáculos que a la fecha impiden su exitosa implementación. El autor aborda los desafíos tanto políticos como económicos que enfrentan los países centroamericanos y proponen un plan de acción que incluye medidas para facilitar la coordinación internacional, fortalecer a las instituciones que encabezan el desarrollo y operación de la matriz eléctrica regional, y crear un marco seguro para el surgimiento de nuevos contratos de largo plazo.

June 9, 2014: Book launch and symposium: Where is Brazil headed?
By Murat Dagli
With the World Cup only days away and what appear to be increasingly competitive presidential elections in October, the Dialogue hosted a spirited and stimulating exchange on this important country.

June 9, 2014: Women and Politics in the Americas: Advances and Challenges
By Josh Manley
Despite making significant gains in Latin American government and politics, women in the region continue to face structural barriers that impede their full and equal participation in political life. On June 9th, the Dialogue and American University’s Washington College of Law co-hosted members of the Argentine Congress, City of Buenos Aires Legislature, and the NGO FairVote to discuss the challenges facing women who seek and hold political office in the Americas.

June 6, 2014: Mexico's Energy Reform: What's Next for Gas and Electricity?
By Paul Shortell
On Friday, June 6, the Dialogue hosted a discussion on the implications of Mexico’s energy reform for the natural gas and electricity sectors. The session featured Horacio Cuevas, an energy regulatory expert with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and Nicolas Puga, a partner with Bates White Economic Consulting who advises electric utilities.

June 5, 2014: ¿Está Guatemala perdiendo terreno en la lucha contra la impunidad?
By Alfred Kaltschmitt, Víctor Gálvez Borrell, Carlos Sabino, Mario Polanco
Source: Latin America Advisor
Guatemala retrocede en la lucha por justicia para las víctimas de 'crímenes contra la humanidad y genocidio' ocurridos durante la guerra civil del país, ha dicho Amnistía Internacional a finales de mayo. El grupo de derechos humanos señaló una resolución no vinculante aprobada por el Congreso de la nación que niega que haya ocurrido genocidio alguno en el país y que anuló la condena del ex presidente Efraín Ríos Montt, dada el año pasado. ¿Está Guatemala perdiendo terreno en la lucha contra la impunidad, y de ser así, ¿qué se debe hacer para revertir esta tendencia? Con el nuevo fiscal general, quien asumió el cargo el 17 de mayo, ¿qué perspectivas de mejora existen para el sistema de justicia del país y el enjuiciamiento de los casos relacionados con violaciones de derechos humanos?

June 4, 2014: Colombia's Elections and Political Outlook
By Murat Dagli
On May 25, Colombians voted for president after a campaign marked by intense drama and surprising turns. Former finance minister, Óscar Iván Zuluaga, bested president Juan Manuel Santos in his bid for reelection, respectively commanding 29% and 26% of the vote. The two now enter a runoff election on June 15.

June 4, 2014: Una nueva agenda de política comercial para las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La política comercial y la integración económica están de nuevo emergiendo como temas prioritarios en los asuntos interamericanos. La agenda de comercio regional ha estado mucho tiempo inactiva desde que las conversaciones sobre libre comercio en ese hemisferio (FTAA – ALCA) se suspendieron en 2005 (irónicamente, año en el que el Congreso de EE.UU. aprobó los acuerdos comerciales TLC negociados por la administración de George W. Bush con cinco de naciones centroamericanas y con la República Dominicana).

May 28, 2014: The Brawl In Bogotá
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Four years ago, Colombia -- Washington's closest ally on the continent and a nation that a decade earlier had been widely viewed as on the verge of being a failed state -- bore all the traces of continuing a remarkable transition to a robust democracy.

May 27, 2014: ¿Cuáles son las Lecciones de las Evaluaciones de Impacto Rigurosas de Políticas Educativas para América Latina? (PDF)
By Richard J. Murnane y Alejandro J. Ganimian
Este documento de trabajo de PREAL presenta 4 lecciones principales para la política educativa en América Latina a partir de evaluaciones de impacto en países en vías de desarrollo.

May 27, 2014: What Can Latin America Learn from Rigorous Impact Evaluations of Education Policies? (PDF)
By Richard J. Murnane and Alejandro J. Ganimian
This PREAL Working Paper distills four main lessons for pre K-12 education policy in Latin America from impact evaluations in developing countries throughout the world.

May 27, 2014: Colombia: ¿Fue el segundo lugar un revés para la campaña de Santos?
By Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Source: Latin America Advisor
El domingo, Óscar Iván Zuluaga ganó más votos que el presidente Juan Manuel Santos en la primera vuelta de las elecciones presidenciales de Colombia. Ya que ninguno de los candidatos alcanzó la mayoría requerida por ley para ser electo, los dos se enfrentarán en una segunda vuelta en junio. ¿Fue el segundo lugar un revés para la campaña de Santos?¿Qué temas resonaron más con los votantes el domingo y por qué ha caído el apoyo a Santos? ¿ Qué dicen estos resultados acerca de la percepción que tienen los colombianos de las negociaciones de paz con las FARC? ¿Una victoria de Zuluaga el próximo mes significaría el fin de las negociaciones? ¿Quién ganará el 15 de junio?

May 26, 2014: Se avecinan tormentas en la educación en América Latina
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: El País
En El País, Ariel Fiszbein, director del Programa de Educación (PREAL), discute la reforma educativa en los países de América Latina. Aunque existen tensiones, argua Fiszbein, estas son extremadamente positivas y reflejan que la sociedad latinoamericana reconoce la importancia de la educación.

May 23, 2014: Women Rule South America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Diplomatist
In this May 23 Diplomatist article, Dialogue President Emeritus Peter Hakim analyzes the presidencies of Michelle Bachelet, Dilma Rouseff, and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. While it may be too early to speculate about their long-term legacies, their leadership engenders the questions: Would this be a more compassionate, more peaceful planet if more of it were ruled by women? Does a woman’s leadership makes a difference in the way a nation is governed?

May 20, 2014: A Discussion of China-Brazil Energy Relations
By Margaret Myers
On May 20, 2014 the Dialogue’s China and Energy programs, the China-Brazil Business Council, and the Federacao das Industrias do Estado de Sao Paulo (FIESP) jointly hosted a meeting on China-Brazil energy cooperation. The event, which was held in conjunction with FIESP’s annual infrastructure conference in Sao Paulo, featured analysis from five energy experts on China’s involvement in Brazil’s oil, renewables and electricity transmission industries.

May 19, 2014: Police and Organized Crime in El Salvador
By Inés Renique
The infiltration of public institutions in Central America by organized criminal groups is a critical issue that has posed an increasing risk to democracy and the rule of law in various parts of the region over the last decade. This is among the many challenges awaiting the new administration in El Salvador that begins on June 1st.

May 16, 2014: Does Rousseff Have Enough Support to Win Re-Election?
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa, Gilberto Rodrigues, Melvin Levitsky, Joel Korn
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff announced April 30 that her government would increase payments to the poor through the Bolsa Família welfare program and also would lower some income taxes. The announcement came as Rousseff tries to reverse slipping support ahead of the October presidential election in which she is seeking another term in office. How much support will the announcement win for Rousseff at the polls? What else must she do in order to strengthen her candidacy? What factors between now and October will influence the election? How are Rousseff's rival presidential candidates faring ahead of the vote?

May 15, 2014: What's Happening in China's Metals Markets?: Implications for Latin America
By Paul Shortell
Chinese firms pushed aggressively into overseas mining deals in the 2000s, driven largely by the country's rising demand for minerals. Ever since, Chinese demand had driven world metals markets and economic growth among major metals exporters in Latin America and other regions.

May 15, 2014: Is Chavismo Coming to an End in Venezuela?
By Otto Reich, Michael Shifter, Daniel Hellinger, David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
A Datanalisis survey published May 5 by El Universal showed growing impatience among Venezuelans for President Nicolás Maduro's government. Sixty percent of those surveyed disapproved of Maduro's administration, while 80 percent thought the country was going in the wrong direction. What factors are driving those poll numbers, and will Maduro continue losing support among Venezuelans? Might he be forced out of office before his term is scheduled to expire in 2019? Is Chavismo coming to an end, and what would most likely replace it?

May 14, 2014: Uruguay's Mujica Touts Education Ties, Defends Marijuana Market
By Megan Cook
Source: Latin America Advisor
Uruguayan President José Mujica on Tuesday called on professors from the United States to teach in Uruguay and defended his country's creation of a legal marijuana market. Speaking at American University to an audience comprised mainly of students, Mujica also shared his vision of a world that is becoming more globalized and bilingual.

May 13, 2014: Special Technology Edition of the Latin America Advisor (PDF)
By Pedro Less-Andrade, Richard Hill, Maria Medrano and others
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin American leaders have taken prominent positions in debates that are shaping the future of the Internet. And while the region’s growing middle class has been adopting new technologies at a rapid rate, concerns over cybercrime threats in Latin America and the Caribbean are reaching new heights. The attached special technology edition of the Advisor offers viewpoints on these trends from six stakeholders and experts, as well as recent news in telecommunications, biotechnology and venture capital.

May 6, 2014: What Does Varela's Election as President Mean for Panama?
By Joaquin Jacome Diez, Joydeep Mukherji, Jaime Figueroa and Eric Jackson
Source: Latin America Advisor
Juan Carlos Varela, Panama's vice president, was elected to the country's presidency on Sunday, defeating President Ricardo Martinelli's preferred candidate, José Domingo Arias, and former Panama City Mayor Juan Carlos Navarro. What factors propelled Varela to victory? What will be Varela's biggest challenges after taking office July 1? What does his election mean for businesses in Panama?

May 5, 2014: El poder de la simpleza
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: La Semana
Ariel Fiszbein, director del Programa de Educación (PREAL), argumenta que la discusión de cómo mejorar la calidad de la educación en América Latina sufre de un síndrome de complejidad innecesaria.

May 2, 2014: The Promise of Participation: Civic Engagement in Honduras and Guatemala
By Scott Odell
On Friday, May 2, the Dialogue hosted a book launch and discussion of participatory governance in Latin America. In "The Promise of Participation: Experiments in Participatory Governance in Honduras and Guatemala," Daniel Altschuler and Javier Corrales argue that participation can be generative.

May 1, 2014: What Do Great Teachers Do? The Techniques that Separate Great Teachers from Average Teachers (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear
We are pleased to share with you the most recent PREAL Policy Brief, “What Do Great Teachers Do? The Techniques that Separate Great Teachers from Average Teachers.” PREAL Policy Briefs provide non-technical overviews of key education policy topics.

May 1, 2014: Perspectives on Crime and Violence in Central America
By Julia Yansura
The Dialogue was pleased to host José Luis Sanz and Carlos Martínez, journalists for El Faro’s “Sala Negra” section on crime and violence in Central America. They discussed the developments and outlook for the region’s struggle with insecurity. They also distributed copies of their new book, Crónicas negras, an acclaimed collaboration that details the causes and consequences of the region’s high crime rates.

April 28, 2014: A New Stage in Cuban relations with the European Union: Its Implications for the United States
By Carlos Alzugaray Treto
This week in Havana, Cuba and the European Union will begin negotiations designed to put an end to 25 years of quarrels. Earlier this year, on February 10, Brussels adopted negotiating directives for a political dialogue and co-operation agreement with Havana. On that occasion the EU’s Vice President and High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton, stated that “these negotiations will help consolidate our engagement with Cuba. This is not a policy change from the past. Just as we want to support reform and modernization in Cuba, we have consistently raised human rights concerns which will remain at the core of this relationship.”

April 26, 2014: Venezuela en su hora decisiva
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Es tentador creer que Venezuela está en un punto de inflexión. Liderados por los estudiantes y algunos sectores de la oposición, las protestas de los últimos dos meses han provocado 41 fallecidos, más de 650 heridos y cientos de detenidos. Dado que la mayor parte de la violencia y la represión ha corrido por cuenta del gobierno y sus partidarios, es alentador que hayan acordado un diálogo con la oposición.

April 26, 2014: A Crucial Moment for Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
It is tempting to believe Venezuela is at a turning point. Led by students and segments of the opposition, protests over the past two months have resulted in 41 deaths, over 650 injured, and hundreds more imprisoned. Since most of the violence and repression has come at the hands of the government and its supporters, it is encouraging that they have agreed to a dialogue with opposition figures.

April 25, 2014: Making Chávez Possible (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ReVista
Michael Shifter reviews a volume looking at Venezuela prior to its most famous president.

April 23, 2014: What Does North America's Energy Boom Mean for Latin America?
By Paul Shortell
On Wednesday, April 23rd, the Dialogue hosted a panel discussion on the recent boom in North American unconventional oil and gas and its implications for Latin America. The session featured Edward Morse, Citigroup’s global head of commodities research, Sarah Ladislaw, director of the energy and national security program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and Francisco Gonzalez, Riordan Roett chair in Latin American studies at the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). Participants concluded that North America’s energy boom holds important geopolitical, as well as economic, effects.

April 23, 2014: Peter Bell: A Life to Celebrate and Remember
By Peter Hakim
In our work together over many years, Peter always got to the next place first and was the first to depart—Ford in Brazil, Ford in Chile, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Dialogue. I inevitably had the task of toasting him at his farewell. Sadly, I am doing that again today. I complained to him once that he was never there for my farewells. He replied yes, that was true, but that he was always there to welcome me at the next stop. Who knows? Maybe once again. Peter Bell is a man to be remembered and celebrated.

April 23, 2014: In Memoriam: Peter Bell
By Ricardo Lagos
Peter Bell will be sorely missed as we face the tasks ahead. He was a great builder, and there remains so much to be built. He who constructed so many bridges when there are still so many bridges left to build!

April 23, 2014: In Memoriam: Peter Bell
By Ricardo Lagos
Peter Bell nos hará mucha falta para las tareas que hay hoy por delante. Fue un gran constructor y todavía queda tanto por construir. El que tendió tantos puentes y quedan tantos que ejecutar!

April 17, 2014: What Will Be the Fallout From the 'Cuban Twitter' Revelations?
By Roger Noriega, Josefina Vidal Ferreiro, Peter Hakim, Matthew Aho
Source: Latin America Advisor
The U.S. Agency for International Development created and operated "ZunZuneo," a communications network similar to Twitter that had the aim of destabilizing the Cuban government, the Associated Press reported on April 3. USAID responded by saying the purpose of the program was "to create a platform for Cubans to speak freely among themselves, period," while the White House denied that it was a covert program. How much of an impact will the revelations have on U.S.-Cuban relations? What does the controversy mean for bilateral issues such as the imprisonment in Cuba of former U.S. government contractor Alan Gross? Are social media programs such as these a good use of USAID funding and the U.S. government's resources?

April 10, 2014: Implications of Ecuador’s Elections and Political Outlook
By Caitlin Reilly
On February 23, Ecuador held important elections for mayors and regional governments. Although the ruling coalition, led by President Rafael Correa since 2007, retained control of the majority of Ecuador’s municipalities, it lost in the country’s major cities, including Quito, Cuenca, and Guayaquil. Montúfar, who also writes a regular column for El Comercio, will interpret the surprising results and discuss what the elections mean for the country’s possible political scenarios. His opening comments will be followed by a wide-ranging exchange with participants.

April 7, 2014: Chinese Finance in Latin America: What Happened in 2013?
By Paul Shortell
On Monday, April 7, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a session that highlighted key trends in Chinese finance over the past year and into 2014. The event coincided with the launch of an updated version of the Dialogue's online China and Latin America Finance Database, the only online source for up-to-date information on Chinese finance in Latin America and the Caribbean.

April 7, 2014: Time is right to reset a bipartisan energy policy
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Dallas Morning News
As someone with long experience in the energy business, including running a natural gas company in the pre-boom 1980s, I can remember a time when a debate about how to exercise America’s energy muscle on the world stage would have been unthinkable. That all changed with the surge in domestic production of oil and gas over the last decade.

April 3, 2014: Situación económica y envío de remesas de migrantes de América Latina y el Caribe en el periodo post-recesión
By Manuel Orozco con Mariellen Jewers
Este informe analiza la posición financiera actual y el comportamiento del envío de remesas de personas migrantes que viven Estados Unidos dentro del contexto de la crisis económica 2008-2009. El informe se basa en resultados de la encuesta realizada a una muestra de 2.000 migrantes de América Latina y el Caribe que residen en cinco de las principales ciudades de Estados Unidos.

April 3, 2014: Economic Status and Remittance Behavior among Latin American and Caribbean Migrants in the Post-Recession Period.
By Manuel Orozco with Mariellen Jewers
Latin American and Caribbean migrants have experienced a modest improvement since the 2008-09 recession. One in three migrants are in a “vulnerable” financial position, a situation that limits their ability to further remit larger amounts. As of 2013 these remittances are similar to 2010 levels. Although more immigrants are saving as compared to 2009, increases in income and full time work are not adequate enough to ensure the means to a robust improvement. Moreover, legal status is one factor affecting their financial strength.

April 2, 2014: Chinese Finance to Latin America Tops $100 Billion Since 2005
By Amos Irwin and Kevin Gallagher
Chinese finance to sovereign governments, state-owned enterprises and a handful of private firms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) surged to $20.1 billion in 2013. These estimates, as well as data on Chinese financing from previous years, are available in the China-Latin America Finance Database, a collaborative project between the Inter-American Dialogue (IAD) and the Global Economic Governance Initiative (GEGI) at Boston University.

April 2, 2014: What Challenges Face Costa Rica's Next President?
By José Antonio Muñoz, Kevin Casas-Zamora, and Laura Porras
Source: Latin America Advisor
What are the biggest challenges facing Costa Rica's new leader, Luis Guillermo Solís? What types of policy changes can be expected from his administration? To what extent will he succeed in working with Costa Rica's business community?

April 1, 2014: Are Countries Making Progress in Fighting Corruption?
By Salvador Paiz, Miguel Schloss, and Donald J. Planty
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo pleaded guilty March 18 in New York to conspiring to launder $2.5 million of public money through a U.S. bank. Is Portillo's plea deal a turning point for anti-corruption efforts across Latin America? Are other efforts at combatting corruption in Latin Americamaking progress? Which countries in the region are making strides in fighting corruption, and which are falling short? What specific anti-corruption policies have succeeded in the region and why?

March 31, 2014: Latin America in a Changing World (PDF)
By Global Trends and Latin America's Future Initiative
The second newsletter of the Dialogue's Global Trends and Latin America's Future Initiative identifies key challenges and opportunities for Latin America and discusses the relationship between global trends and education policy.

March 28, 2014: Forum of the Future: Sharing Ideas to Construct Our Future
By Alexandra Bobak
On March 28, 2014, Dialogue Senior Fellow Sergio Bitar spoke at an event hosted by the Centro Nacional de Planeminto Estrategico (CEPLAN) in Lima, Peru. Entitled “Forum of the Future: Sharing Ideas to Construct Our Future,” the event featured speakers from many Latin American nations, as well as the United States, exploring why and how strategic foresight planning in Latin America today can help create better policies for the region in the future.

March 26, 2014: The Human Rights Situation in Venezuela
By Caitlin Reilly
Since early February, anti-government demonstrations have rocked Venezuela. The repressive response of President Nicolás Maduro, the hand-picked successor of the late Hugo Chávez, has violated democratic norms and speaks to the semi-authoritarian nature of his presidency according to two prominent human rights activists who visited the Dialogue on March 26.

March 25, 2014: Massa dijo que no quiere relaciones carnales con EE.UU.
By Paula Lugones, El Clarín
En el auditorio de la avenida Connecticut reinaba cierta expectativa. A pesar de la inusual nevada primaveral que azotó a Washington ayer, empresarios, politólogos, académicos y periodistas se fueron acomodando en un salón donde hubo gente que quedó de pie. El invitado fue Sergio Massa, quien dijo entre otras cosas que su Frente Renovador rechaza una política de “relaciones carnales” con este país.

March 25, 2014: US Disengagement from Latin America: Compromised Security and Economic Interests
By Michael Shifter
Source: Statement before U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
Washington’s inability to measurably influence the unfolding tragedy in Venezuela has given a renewed rise to questioning about the US’s role and presence in Latin America. The concern is valid. But merely criticizing the current administration for being disengaged and indifferent to what is happening in the region is somewhat misplaced.

March 21, 2014: Is Brazil's Petrobras on the Right Track?
By Theodore M. Helms, Lisa Viscidi, João Augusto de Castro Neves, and Francisco Ebeling Barros
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite profits up 11 percent last year, Brazilian state oil company Petrobras reported last month that its fourth quarter net profit was down 19 percent year-on-year, adding that it will cut its investment plan through 2018 by 7 percent. More bad news came last week when lawmakers decided to install a special congressional committee to probe allegations of bribery involving Petrobras employees and a foreign company. How bad is Petrobras' situation today, and what bright spots are on the horizon? How big of a role is the government and politics playing in the company's present circumstances, and what policy changes would improve the outlook for Petrobras moving forward?

March 20, 2014: Is Mexico Winning or Losing the Battle for Rule of Law?
By Arturo Sarukhan, Beatrice Rangel, Raúl Benítez Manaut, and David A. Shirk
Source: Latin America Advisor
Mexican authorities in early March announced that they had killed Nazario Moreno, a.k.a. "El Más Loco," the former head of the La Familia drug cartel and a leader of the Knights Templar cartel. Mexican troops this year also captured high-level drug cartel leaders Dionisio Loya Plancarte, "El Tío," of the Knights Templar and Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, leader of the Sinaloa Cartel. Do these developments represent a significant advance for Mexico in the fight against drug trafficking, or are they just minor setbacks for the cartels? How would you rate President Enrique Peña Nieto's efforts to address the country's security situation? Is there more his administration should be doing that it is not?

March 20, 2014: A Conversation with Sandra Honoré
By Cameron Combs
In 2004 and following the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the United Nations established a special stabilization mission in Haiti, MINUSTAH. Its mandate was was expanded following the devastating earthquake in 2010. After a decade of operations and continued problems in Haiti, however, there is serious debate over the appropriate level and timing of this support.

March 18, 2014: Why Democrats Should Back the President on Free Trade
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Wall Street Journal
When it comes to international trade agreements, Democrats have been sounding a lot like the "party of no." From congressional leaders to some in the party base, pessimism about free trade has become almost a reflex.

March 17, 2014: How Important for Argentina Are the Paris Club Debt Talks?
By Cecilia Nahón, Miguel Kiguel, Fausto Spotorno, and Claudio Loser
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Paris Club said last month that it is open to a discussion about Argentina's debt. What would the advancement of talks between Argentina and the Paris Club mean for the country? What stands in the way of a breakthrough?

March 14, 2014: Does Sunday's Close Election Mean Trouble for El Salvador?
By Ricardo Cevallos, Douglas Farah, Christine Wade, and Joydeep Mukherji
Source: Latin America Advisor
El Salvador's electoral court yesterday declared leftist Salvador Sánchez Cerén the winner of the country's razor-close election. Runner-up Norman Quijano, however, can still appeal. How long will the dispute over the contested election drag on?

March 13, 2014: Education, Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Americas
By T'Nia Crutchfield
The Dialogue partnered with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the State Department’s Western Hemisphere Chief of Missions to host a discussion with four U.S. ambassadors on education, entrepreneurship, and innovation in Latin America.

March 12, 2014: What Can the Middle East & Latin America Offer Each Other?
By R. Evan Ellis, Cecilia Baeza, and Cecilia Porras Eraso
Source: Latin America Advisor
What is behind increasing engagement between the Middle East and Latin America? What do the regions have to offer each other economically? What businesses stand to gain from stronger ties?

March 12, 2014: Bachelet's regional challenges
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Even before Michelle Bachelet began her second term she got a taste of the difficult regional climate she will have to deal with over the next four years. The Venezuela crisis – which was hard to ignore during her inauguration – exposes and highlights Latin America's deep political polarization.

March 12, 2014: Los desafíos regionales de Bachelet
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Incluso antes de que Michelle Bachelet comenzara su segundo período saboreó algo del complejo clima regional que tendrá que enfrentar durante los próximos cuatro años. La crisis en Venezuela – que marcó los días de su asunción – puso en evidencia y destacó la profunda polarización política de América Latina.

March 12, 2014: Mando de mujer
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Pulso
Tenemos una tremenda oportunidad que depende de todos. No será fácil. Pero seamos capaces de distinguir las enormes posibilidades del momento actual de las dificultades inevitables de gobernar. No transformemos anticipadamente esas dificultades en ánimo derrotista, sino en voluntad de hacerlo bien. La oportunidad no visita a los pesimistas, viene con el optimismo.

March 7, 2014: Natural Gas in Central America
By Paul Shortell, Kathryn Baragwanath and Carlos Sucre
Central America's energy landscape presents complicated challenges. A recent boom in natural gas production offers an opportunity for the region to reduce its dependence on imported oil and address high and rising energy costs. This paper reviews the status of natural gas projects in Central America and evaluates the challenges of natural gas use in the electricity sector.

March 4, 2014: A Joint Declaration on Venezuela
By Oscar Arias Sánchez, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Ricardo Lagos and Alejandro Toledo
As friends of Venezuelan democracy, we are confident that the country will succeed in overcoming the extreme polarization and intolerance that have dominated the political scene in recent years – evils which have eroded the efficacy of internal mechanisms for democratic debate as well as confidence in the Independence and impartiality of many important institutions. At the same time, we call on the international community to make a concerted effort to strengthen democracy and preserve the peace in Venezuela.

March 4, 2014: Una Declaración Conjunta sobre Venezuela
By Oscar Arias Sánchez, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Ricardo Lagos y Alejandro Toledo
Como amigos que somos de la democracia venezolana, confiamos que ese país logre superar la extrema polarización y la intolerancia que han dominado la escena política en los últimos años, males que han venido erosionando la eficacia de las diversas instancias internas para el debate democrático así como la confianza en la independencia e imparcialidad de numerosas y relevantes instituciones. Al mismo tiempo, hacemos un llamado a la comunidad internacional a sumarse a un esfuerzo concertado para el fortalecimiento de la democracia y la preservación de la paz en Venezuela.

March 3, 2014: Venezuela y la izquierda borbónica
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: La Tercera
¿Cómo se puede luchar por la profundización de la democracia en Chile y justificar, en Venezuela, el encarcelamiento de un líder opositor, acusado por el Jefe de Estado de actos que en toda democracia son legítimos?

March 2, 2014: Venezuela Needs Its Neighbors
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Events in the Ukraine have surely lifted the morale of anti-government protestors in Venezuela and probably elevated their expectations as well. No question, there are many parallels between the South American and Eastern European nations.

March 2, 2014: Venezuela necesita a sus vecinos
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Las manifestaciones que llevaron a la salida del mandatario de Ucrania seguramente levantaron la moral de aquellos que protestan contra el gobierno en Venezuela; y probablemente también elevaron sus expectativas. Sin duda hay muchos paralelos entre la nación sudamericana y la de Europa del Este.

February 28, 2014: China, América Latina, Estados Unidos: energía, un triángulo en dificultades (PDF)
By Genaro Arriagada, Ramón Espinasa and Kathryn Baragwanath
El estudio analiza el dinámico “triángulo energético” constituido por China, Estados Unidos y América Latina. Para los autores, las necesidades complementarias de China y América Latina viabilizan una relación demutuo beneficio, marco en que evalúan tres grandes formas de interacción: la importación desde América Latina, la inversión directa en recursos energéticos del continente y los préstamos con garantía de petróleo a gobiernos latinoamericanos, concluyendo que sólo la primera se hace de forma satisfactoria para ambas partes y que quedan muchos beneficios de la cooperación por materializar.

February 28, 2014: The United States and Central America’s Northern Tier: The Ongoing Disconnect
By Héctor Silva Ávalos
Organized crime, rampant corruption, and large scale violence have stunted the economic and social development of Central America's Northern Triangle since the end of the region's civil wars in the 1990s. Has US aid effectively reversed climbing homicide and crime rates?

February 28, 2014: Asuntos claves en América Central
By Hugo Martínez
en julio de 2010, los Jefes de Estado y de gobierno de los países miembros de SICA, cordaron relanzar el proceso de integración regional, a través de acciones proactivas en cinco áreas principales: gestión integral del riesgo y cambio climático, seguridad democrática, integración social y lucha contra la pobreza, integración económica, fortalecimiento institucional.

February 28, 2014: Pressing Issues in Central America and Mexico
By Caitlin Reilly
On February 28, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a half-day Capitol Hill conference on the two most pressing issues that face the countries of Central America and Mexico—security and migration.

February 28, 2014: What Did the 'Three Amigos' Summit Accomplish?
By Peter Hakim, Arturo Sarukhan, Andrés Rozental, and Carlo Dade
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Obama, Mexican President Peña Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Harper met last week for the annual North American Leaders' Summit. What did the summit accomplish, and on what issues did it fall short of its potential?

February 28, 2014: Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean in 2013
By Laura Porras
Remittances and migration are key factors in economic development in Latin American and the Caribbean. One in three Latin American households has a family member living abroad. Additionally, approximately 70 percent of migrants from the region send remittances home.

February 28, 2014: China, Latin America and the United States: A Troubled Energy Triangle (PDF)
By Genaro Arriagada, Ramón Espinasa and Kathryn Baragwanath
Arriagada and Espinasa analyze the dynamic “energy triangle” constituted by China, the United States and Latin America. The authors evaluate the three principal forms of Sino-Latin interaction in the energy sector. These include: China’s imports of Latin American energy; its foreign direct investment in Western Hemisphere energy resources; and oil-backed loans from Chinese banks to Latin American governments. Arriagada and Espinasa conclude that only first of these is conducted in a way that is satisfactory to both parties, and that many gains from cooperation remain unrealized.

February 27, 2014: Empresarios y educación
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: La Prensa (Nicaragua)
Es difícil no admirar el progreso que observamos en términos de la participación activa del mundo empresarial en los esfuerzos de mejorar la calidad educativa. La gran noticia es que la vieja idea que la educación es responsabilidad de todos se está convirtiendo en una realidad.

February 26, 2014: Will Venezuela's Deadly Protests Spin Out of Control?
By Michael Shifter, Peter Winn and David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Deadly protests, the largest since President Nicolás Maduro's election last year, have wracked Venezuela in recent weeks. The demonstrations were punctuated on Feb. 18 by the arrest of opposition leader Leopoldo López, who had been organizing the protests. Why did these protests erupt now, and why did they turn deadly this time? Does the situation pose a threat to Maduro's government? How will López's jailing affect the opposition?

February 25, 2014: Social Gains in the Balance: A Challenge for Fiscal Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Humberto Galvan
Significant gains in reducing poverty and increasing the size of the middle class in Latin America and the Caribbean are at risk of losing momentum. Governments must not only adopt policies to restore growth and preserve macroeconomic stability; they must also strive to improve opportunities for less advantaged groups to participate in the economy and contribute to growth.

February 24, 2014: América Latina debe actuar ante crisis venezolana
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
¿Puede el gobierno liderado por Nicolás Maduro sobrevivir a la ola de protestas callejeras que se han extendido por toda Venezuela en las últimas dos semanas? ¿Va a hacer concesiones a los manifestantes? Las respuestas no son claras. Pero lo que está claro hasta ahora es que lo que suceda en Venezuela no será por la presión ejercida por sus vecinos.

February 24, 2014: Latin America Must Act
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Can the government led by Nicolas Maduro survive the wave of street protests that have spread throughout Venezuela over the past two weeks? Will he make any concessions to the protesters? The answers are unclear. But what is clear until now is whatever happens in Venezuela will not be because of any pressure applied by the country’s neighbors.

February 21, 2014: Metas de aprendizaje y la agenda global: hacia una posición latinoamericana
By Ariel Fiszbein y Eduardo Vélez Bustillo
Source: PREAL Blog
Las metas del milenio que los países miembros de las Naciones Unidas subscribieron en el año 2000 pusieron el énfasis en mejorar el acceso a la educación primaria. Sin embargo, dejan abierta la pregunta acerca de cuáles deban ser las metas de aprendizaje específicas. Como es bien conocido, el ‘diablo se encuentra en los detalles.’

February 19, 2014: Learning Goals and the Global Agenda: Toward a Latin American Proposal
By Ariel Fiszbein and Eduardo Vélez Bustillo
Source: PREAL Blog
The Millennium Development Goals endorsed by member countries of the United Nations in the year 2000 emphasized improving access to primary education. They leaves open, however, the question of what the specific learning goals should be. As is well known, “the devil is in the details.”

February 19, 2014: Calidad y Equidad para el Desarrollo Humano: A Report Card on Education in Nicaragua, 2014 (PDF)
By Policy Monitoring Reports
We are pleased to share the third Report Card on Education in Nicaragua, produced by the Foro Educativo Nicaraguense (EDUQUEMOS) in collaboration with PREAL. The report card analyzes the achievements and challenges of the Nicaraguan education system in ten key areas and offers a series of policy recommendations.

February 19, 2014: Fallos gemelos
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El mes pasado se celebró en la Habana el encuentro de la Comunidad de estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños (CELAC), en la que se encuentran todos los países del hemisferio salvo Estados Unidos y Canadá. Fue una celebración con un único punto de consenso entre los miembros de la comunidad, su oposición a las políticas estadounidenses que tratan de aislar y castigar a Cuba, que se ven como injustas, anacrónicas e improductivas

February 19, 2014: Why has the level of remittances to the region stagnated?
By Manuel Orozco, Earl Jarrett, Mario Trujillo and Hugo Cuevas Mohr
Source: Latin America Advisor
Overall remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean were flat in 2013 as compared to 2012, according to a new report by the Inter-American Dialogue. A few countries, including Bolivia, Honduras and Guatemala, saw significant growth, but several others like Jamaica or El Salvador saw no growth, while remittances decreased to countries including Mexico and Brazil. What is behind the stagnant remittances to the region? Which countries' economies will feel the most pain? Will the current trends continue?

February 16, 2014: The Promise of a Pacific Alliance
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Free trade supporters are cheering the Pacific Alliance and it is easy to understand why. Comprised of Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile, the bloc accounts for more than a third of Latin America’s gross domestic product and has moved quickly on a path to integrate their economies since it was formally established 20 months ago.

February 16, 2014: Promisoria Alianza del Pacífico
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Los partidarios del libre comercio están animando la Alianza del Pacífico, y es fácil entender por qué. Compuesta por México, Colombia, Perú y Chile, el bloque representa más de un tercio del Producto Interno Bruto de América Latina y se ha movido rápidamente hacia la integración de sus economías desde que se estableció formalmente hace 20 meses.

February 10, 2014: Twin Failures
By Peter Hakim
Source: LatAmSource
Last month’s meeting in Havana of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States was a celebration of the single point of consensus among the Community’s members: their opposition to US policies that seek to isolate and punish Cuba, which they view as unfair, unjust, anachrostic, and unproductive.

February 7, 2014: The Implications of El Salvador's Elections
By Caitlin Reilly
Although experts predict that the ruling left-wing FMLN party will hold on to power in El Salvador's March 9 elections, whoever wins faces a complex set of challenges - a sluggish economy, intense political polarization, and a still highly dangerous, although slightly improving, security situation.

February 6, 2014: Comparing EU and US priorities in Latin America
By Cameron Combs
The Dialogue was pleased to co-host an off the record discussion at the Carnegie Endowment with the managing director for the Americas at the EU External Action Service.

February 6, 2014: The Implications of Costa Rica's Elections
By Laura Porras
The success of the Citizens’ Action Party (PAC) candidate, Luis Guillermo Solis, in Costa Rica’s first round president elections took analysts by surprise. Despite having ranked third or fourth in every poll taken during the campaign cycle, Solis captured 30.8 percent of votes on February 2. His one percent margin of victory over the candidate of the ruling National Liberation Party (PLN), Johnny Arraya, has raised important questions about the potential outcome of the country’s upcoming second round, set for April 6.

February 4, 2014: Terrorist Groups in Latin America: The Changing Landscape
By Michael Shifter
Source: Statement before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade
Latin America has undergone a dramatic transformation in recent decades. Most of the changes have been positive. The region has grown economically, poverty and inequality rates have fallen, and in most countries democratic governance and pragmatic politics have made notable strides. On the negative side of the ledger is spreading criminality in many countries, often fueled by a widespread drug trade and other illicit activities. The result has been institutional fragility and persistent corruption.

February 4, 2014: Mexico y Estados Unidos: nuevas oportunidades
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Reforma
Tras las últimas décadas, las crecientes interconexiones entre México y los EEUU -de nuestras economías, nuestra cultura y nuestros intereses- cuentan la historia de una transformación asombrosa. Hoy, tal vez por primera vez, las oportunidades compartidas en la relación claramente sobrepasan nuestras diferencias y apuntan a nuevas oportunidades.

February 4, 2014: From distant neighbors to natural partners
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Miami Herald
Over the last decades, the growing connections between Mexico and the United States — of our economies, our cultures and our interests — tell a story of breathtaking transformation. Besides the concrete achievements of increased trade and investment, we see a striking change in tone from officials on both sides, from the suspicion and defensiveness of generations past to confidence, optimism and, increasingly, trust.

February 2, 2014: A Critical Test of Leadership
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty and Nelson W. Cunningham
Source: Huffington Post
In his State of the Union address last week, President Obama took a good first step in asking Congress to provide the tools he needs to close two of the most ambitious trade deals in U.S. history. But he faces an immediate challenge from within his party that could imperil negotiations, with huge stakes for the U.S. globally and for our economy at home.

February 1, 2014: La actualización del nodelo: Balance y perspectiva de la transición socialista
By Humberto Herrera Carles
El Taller «Cuba, la Actualización del Modelo» (Washington DC y La Habana, 2 de junio, 2013),1 convocado por la revista Temas y el David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies (DRCLAS), de la Universidad de Harvard, reunió a un grupo de quince estudiosos cubanos, norteamericanos y europeos, en torno al análisis y discusión de los cambios recientes en Cuba, sus raíces, características e impactos. El evento se desarrolló mediante una videoconferencia entre las dos sedes —Diálogo Interamericano (Washington DC) y Cubarte (La Habana)2— que permitió exponer y debatir cuatro temas centrales.

January 31, 2014: How Important Is U.S. Fast-Track Authority for Trade Deals?
By Peter Hakim, Cameron T. Combs, Arturo Sarukhan, and James R. Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Senators Baucus and Hatch and Rep. Camp introduced a bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority bill that would give the president the authority to negotiate trade accords that Congress would then be able to approve or reject, but not amend. How important is fast-track authority for pending trade deals?

January 26, 2014: Why the U.S. should legalize marijuana
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Miami Herald
Tiny Uruguay made waves a month ago by becoming the first nation anywhere to fully legalize the sale and use of recreational marijuana. Colorado and Washington, however, had already beaten them to the punch, and a handful of other states are expected soon to follow suit.

January 26, 2014: Obama esperará ver los resultados de la legalización de la marihuana
By Interview with Michael Shifer
Source: El Deber
Las iniciativas de legalización de la marihuana en el estado de Colorado y en Uruguay son bienvenidas. Claramente hay una necesidad de cambio, o por lo menos un serio debate, sobre las políticas antidrogas, y moverse hacia la legalización de la marihuana puede ser un buen lugar para comenzar.

January 17, 2014: México - mudanças em curso
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Entre as muitas razões que alteraram as expectativas dos investidores em relação ao Brasil, há, certamente, uma explicação bastante plausível que vem de fora: a virada que tem experimentado o México sob a administração do presidente Enrique Peña Nieto. Por que razão investidores estrangeiros não poderiam manter os dois maiores países da América Latina em sua lista prioritária de investimentos?

January 15, 2014: Brazil’s Slow and Uncertain Shift from Protectionism to Free Trade
By João Augusto de Castro Neves
Over the last two decades, Brazil’s trade policy has centered on two main negotiations. Progress on both fronts, however, has been limited. This paper by João Augusto de Castro Neves of the Eurasia Group explores the evolution and state of Brazilian trade policy.

January 15, 2014: US-Latin America Trade and Investment in the 21st Century: What’s Next for Deepening Integration?
By J. F. Hornbeck
Since the turn of the millennium, trade and investment between the United States and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have continued to grow and transform—even in the face of global economic volatility and increased competitiveness within the world trading system. This paper presents an overview of US-Latin America trade and investment from 2000 to 2012, with special attention paid to Mexico and Brazil, the two largest LAC economies.

January 15, 2014: Mega-Regional Trade Negotiations: What Is at Stake for Latin America?
By Osvaldo Rosales and Sebastián Herreros
During this decade, and with particular intensity in recent months, several far-reaching trade negotiations have been in the works worldwide. These initiatives should have a deep impact on the global trade and investment architecture of the coming decades. This paper focuses on the impact on Latin America of recent mega trade negotiations such as the TPP and TTIP.

January 15, 2014: Inter-American Economic Relations
By Cameron Combs
On January 15, the Inter-American Dialogue held a discussion on inter-American economic relations and the prospects for more productive trade arrangements in the hemisphere, featuring Jeff Hornbeck of Patri Inc., Osvaldo Rosales of the UN Economic Commission on Latin America, and João Augusto de Castro Neves of the Eurasia Group

January 15, 2014: NAFTA at Twenty: Accomplishments, Challenges, and the Way Forward
By Carla A. Hill
Source: Statement before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
By joining the economies of Canada, Mexico and the United States, the NAFTA created a $19 trillion regional market with 470 million consumers. It was the first comprehensive free trade agreement to join developed and developing nations and it has served as a template for our subsequent trade negotiations.

January 14, 2014: What Is the State of Poverty and Inequality in Latin America?
By Nora Lustig, Jacqueline Pitanguy, and Maria Velez de Berliner
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite economic progress, Latin American countries have failed to address the plight of people living on the poverty line. Why has inequality continued to persist in the Americas?

January 10, 2014: Brasil e EUA, a história da Saab
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Brasil após a muitas vezes adiada decisão brasileira de gastar quase US$ 5 bilhões na compra de jatos de combate da fabricante sueca Saab, em vez da rival americana Boeing.

January 10, 2014: Brazil and the United States: A Saab Story
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazil recently opted to purchase nearly $5 billion worth of fighter jets from Swedish manufacturer Saab, rather than from its US rival Boeing. The central question is not about the wisdom of Brazil’s decision. It is about whether the Brazilian government rejected the Boeing planes because it had lost confidence in the US government or wanted to make it pay a price for dismissing Brazilian concerns about surveillance.

January 9, 2014: The Strategic Dimension of Chinese Engagement with Latin America
By Tim Stackhouse
In the span of little more than a decade, China has become a major economic presence in Latin America. The commercial and political ties between Beijing and the region will undoubtedly continue to grow in the coming years as Chinese firms and diplomats form deeper relationships with their counterparts in the Western hemisphere, with significant implications for Latin American countries as well as the United States.

January 9, 2014: Este 2014, ¡seamos el mejor país del mundo!
By Salvador Paíz
Source: El Periódico
La culminación de un año marca un hito en el tiempo a partir del cual podemos visualizar los cambios que nos rodean y de los cuales fuimos parte. Para Guatemala el 2013 fue un año un tanto revuelto, pero bien vale la pena rescatar y resaltar los avances.

January 9, 2014: China and Latin America in 2013
By Peter Hakim and Margaret Myers
Source: China Policy Review
2013 was the 15th year of China’s “going out” initiative. During this period, the Asian giant’s economic relations with Latin America expanded rapidly. Today China’s trade with Brazil, Chile, and Peru tops that of any other country and some estimates suggest that in 15 years, China will become Latin America’s largest trade partner.

January 9, 2014: China y Latinoamérica despues de 2013
By Peter Hakim y Margaret Myers
Source: Infolatam
En 2013, la iniciativa china “going out” cumplió 15 años. Durante este período las relaciones económicas del gigante asiático con América Latina se expandieron rápidamente. Algunas estimaciones sugieren que en 15 años, China se convertirá en el mayor socio comercial de América Latina.

January 9, 2014: Will This Time Be Different for Latin America?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin America Advisor
Today, Latin America is confronted with a difficult situation. Its economic revival has petered out as commodity prices have stagnated, capital flows have reversed and left the region, and macroeconomic policies remain complacent. The key question is whether Latin American countries will face a serious internal and external crisis, something they thought they had left behind.

January 8, 2014: PISA and the State of Education in Latin America
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: PREAL Blog
PISA plays a critical role in enabling international comparisons of results and giving a complementary perspective of the most frequent measurements of learning at the national level. It reminds us that we can learn from the experience of others, without suggesting that we should mechanically copy policies and programs.

January 8, 2014: La prueba PISA y el estado de la educación en América Latina
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: PREAL Blog
PISA, así como otras pruebas internacionales, cumple un rol crítico al permitir la comparación de resultados que da una perspectiva complementaria a las más frecuentes mediciones de aprendizaje a nivel nacional. PISA nos recuerda que podemos aprender de la experiencia de otros, sin que eso implique copiar mecánicamente políticas y programas.

January 8, 2014: China eyes overseas agriculture to achieve food security
By Margaret Myers
Source: Caixin Online
As has been the case since the Mao era, self-sufficiency in staple foods is a primary objective of the Communist Party. Latin America can expect China to increase its interest in agriculture as it seeks to complement domestic production with imports.

January 7, 2014: U.S. Learning to Live With Strained Ecuador Ties
By Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
Since President Rafael Correa came to power seven years ago, U.S. relations with Ecuador have been rocky and in dealing with Correa, Washington faces difficult policy choices.

January 6, 2014: The Future of Inter-American Relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: Calgary Papers in Military and Strategic Studies
The United States and Latin America have been drifting apart for a decade or more. The critical question, however, is not where inter-American relations stand today, but where they are headed in the coming decades. An examination of three major scenarios is meant to contribute to an understanding of the principal factors that will likely shape the future of hemispheric affairs.

January 6, 2014: La crisis energética de Argentina en números
By Claudio Loser
Source: Infolatam
Desde el invernal hemisferio norte, quizás uno no puede asumir totalmente el efecto de la crisis energética que enfrenta Argentina. Además en todo el mundo pueden aparecer picos de consumo debido a tormentas, olas de calor y frio, u otros hechos similares. Sin embargo los problemas recientes de cortes y apagones, seguramente repetibles, muestran un problema sustancialmente más serio.

January 6, 2014: What Are the Best Options for Modernizing NAFTA?
By Arturo Sarukhán, Carl Meacham, Jeff Faux, Ben Beachy, and James R. Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Secretary of State Kerry said recently that he is exploring the possibility of deepening the North American Free Trade Agreement to strengthen trade ties with Canada and Mexico with an eye toward expanding the agreement to include other countries in the hemisphere. How significant of a priority should strengthening NAFTA be as compared to other trade agreements, and would other countries be interested in participating?

January 6, 2014: Las tendencias mundiales y el futuro de América Latina
By Sergio Bitar
Esta investigación aporta una mirada amplia de cómo el mundo está construyendo su visión de futuro y explora las preguntas centrales junto con los principales dilemas y desafíos. Además, se pone en evidencia la preocupante ausencia de protagonismo del continente latinoamericano y del Caribe en este debate así como la dificultad de encontrar miradas del futuro planetario construidas desde la región, al tiempo que se hace una reflexión sobre su posición actual y futura y se indagan las estrategias para modificarla.

January 1, 2014: Las tendencias mundiales y el futuro de América Latina (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
Este informe escrito por Sergio Bitar, director del programa Tendencias Globales y el Futuro de América Latina del Diálago Interamericano, describe los principales dilemas y desafíos futuros que enfrentarán los países latinoamericanos.

December 30, 2013: Four Top Stories from Latin America in 2013
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
In 2013, four news stories in Latin America stood out. All have long histories and huge implications. They are still evolving, and bear close watching in 2014.

December 30, 2013: Lo que le dejó el año a América Latina y que seguirá en 2014
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En 2013 se destacaron cuatro grandes noticias en América Latina. Todas tienen largas historias y enormes implicaciones. Todavía están evolucionando, y estarán bajo vigilancia en 2014.

December 23, 2013: How Will Latin American Economies Perform in 2014?
By Alicia Bárcena, Alfredo Coutiño, and Erich Arispe
Source: Latin America Advisor
Economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean has been in "low gear," the International Monetary Fund said in October. What will drive the region's economic growth in the coming year? Which countries will experience solid economic expansion in 2014, and which will struggle? Where have government policies done the most good or damage to growth?

December 23, 2013: La soledad de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
Como estudiante de historia, Barack Obama sabe que los presidentes de Estados Unidos rara vez tienen éxito en sus segundos mandatos. Sin embargo, Obama cree que de alguna manera sería capaz de evitar la "maldición del segundo periodo".

December 23, 2013: Obama's Solitude
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
As a student of history, Barack Obama knew that US presidents rarely have successful second terms. Nonetheless, a year ago Obama believed he would somehow be able to avoid the “second term curse.” But the first year of Obama’s second term has – sadly for him, and the country – followed the traditional pattern.

December 20, 2013: What Does 2014 Hold for U.S.-Latin America Relations?
By Arturo Sarukhán, Rubens Barbosa, Peter Hakim, Julia Buxton, and Riordan Roett
Source: Latin America Advisor
What lies ahead for U.S.-Latin America relations in the coming year? To what extent will the Obama administration seek to strengthen ties in the region? How much will Latin American countries want to work with the United States?

December 20, 2013: The Top 2013 LGBT Stories from the Americas
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: Huffington Post
Our hemisphere is quickly becoming one of the most gay-friendly territories in the world. It has far and beyond the most people living with access to marriage equality, not to mention the largest pride celebration on Earth. Many countries in the Americas are expanding their safeguards against discrimination and boast some of the world's most vibrant LGBT movements. But not everything is advancing in a positive direction. This is our pick for the top LGBT stories - both positive and negative - from the Americas in 2013.

December 16, 2013: Petróleo y Gas en América Latina: Los mismos guiones, pero con distintos elencos
By Claudio Loser
Source: Infolatam
Es muy común entre los latinoamericanistas pensar que vemos la misma película a través de los años. En realidad, es más de una. Los argumentos son los mismos, pero los protagonistas rotan. Ciertamente en el caso de la utilización del petróleo y el gas es así.

December 16, 2013: A Conversation with Diego García-Sayán
By Veronica Gaitan
Diego García-Sayán, outgoing president of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and Peru's former minister of justice and foreign affairs, joined the Dialogue for a conversation on the Court's progress–as reflected in an increased number of sentences and greater compliance among members states–in the context of the region’s democratic development.

December 16, 2013: Bachelet 2.0: El mérito… y el peligro
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
El triunfo de Michelle Bachelet se entiende mejor si su análisis se inicia con una referencia tanto a la derrota de la Concertación hace cuatro años, como a la de la Alianza el día de ayer.

December 15, 2013: It's Time for Nafta 2.0
By Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty
Source: Wall Street Journal
Twenty years ago this month President Bill Clinton signed the North American Free Trade Agreement into law. If there is one thing supporters and critics of this pact have always agreed on, it is the size of the stakes. In November 1993, Mr. Clinton, facing fierce opposition within his party, implored Congress to pass Nafta as a vote for the country's future, a sign that "we still have confidence in ourselves and our potential."

December 13, 2013: Elections in Chile and the Next Four Years
By Paul Shortell
Although no candidate in Chile's presidential elections emerged from a first round of voting with the simple majority required for an outright victory, former president Michelle Bachelet of the left-of-center Nueva Mayoría coalition is expected to defeat the right-of-center candidate of the La Alianza coalition, Senator Evelyn Mattei, in a run-off election on December 15.

December 12, 2013: Hombre mirando a Sudáfrica
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Qué Pasa
La de Mandela fue mucho más que una transición a la democracia: fue la construcción de una nación en una sociedad dividida y segregada. Pero Sudáfrica, como Chile, ya cambió. Y lo que viene será distinto.

December 11, 2013: Comparing the Incidence of Taxes and Social Spending in Brazil and the United States
By Sean Higgins, Nora Lustig, Whitney Ruble and Timothy Smeeding
How much do the Western Hemisphere’s two largest economies and most populous countries, Brazil and the United States, redistribute through social spending and taxes? Although the United States has an income per capita four times as large as Brazil’s, the countries share similarities that make this comparison interesting.

December 11, 2013: A Conversation on US Cooperation in Central America and Mexico
By Cameron Combs
Crime and violence are global problems, too big for any one county to tackle alone. But they are also highly local phenomena; their precise roots are as unique as the motive behind a single crime. This paradox was a central theme during a meeting of the Congressional Members Working Group focused on Central America. How can cooperation and international assistance on security issues adapt to local realities without becoming hopelessly complex?

December 6, 2013: President Juan Manuel Santos Comes to Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
President Santos’ visit to the United States this week reaffirmed that Colombia is the United States’ principal ally in South America—and that Colombia highly values its close ties with Washington.

December 6, 2013: Tras la visita de Santos a Obama, todo sigue igual: es decir, bien
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La visita en esta semana del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos a EE.UU. reafirma que Colombia es el principal aliado de Estados Unidos en Sudamérica además de estar entre sus principales socios comerciales -- Y también que Colombia saborea sus estrechos lazos con Washington.

December 4, 2013: A Celebration of US-Mexico Relations
By Humberto Galvan
San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro and former president of Mexico Ernesto Zedillo spoke on Monday, December 2nd at the Mexican Cultural Institute in Washington during a private dinner with the Inter-American Dialogue’s Board of Directors.

December 4, 2013: A Conversation with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos
By Humberto Galvan
The Dialogue’s Board of Directors met with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos moments before his White House meeting with US President Barack Obama and ahead of the Board's biannual meeting. Members discussed the wide-ranging challenges facing Colombia and the region. The conversation was closed and off-the-record.

December 2, 2013: A Conversation on the Brazilian Economy
By Paul Shortell
In the past two years, however, economic growth has slowed and investment has fallen. Where is the region's largest economy headed?

December 2, 2013: U.S.-Brazil Relations at an Impasse
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista Brasileira de Comercio Exterior
Outwardly friendly, Brazilian and US leaders regularly assert that their bilateral relationship is as good or better than it has ever been. Yet, despite the continuing rhetoric, neither government has been willing to invest much in advancing or upgrading the relationship.

December 2, 2013: Relações entre Brasil e Estados Unidos estão em impasse
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista Brasileira de Comercio Exterior
Muito antes de os presidentes Dilma Rousseff e Barack Obama decidirem adiar a viagem da líder brasileira a Washington, já estava claro que essa visita tão esperada não produziria muitos resultados concretos, ainda que o evento estivesse sendo enfeitado com a roupagem de um “assunto de Estado”.

December 1, 2013: ¿Qué puede hacer Obama en el Medio Oriente?
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Realidad y Perspectivas de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Chile
Tres hechos nuevos han irrumpido en el escenario del Medio Oriente: reanudación de conversaciones entre Israel y Palestina; entendimientos entre EEUU, Rusia y Siria para destruir armas químicas, y la decisión de Irán de negociar con EEUU y la UE por tema nuclear. Ante tales avances hubo tres reacciones: rechazo israelí a las conversaciones con Irán, protesta saudita declinando su asiento en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU, e insistencia de Turquía en sacar a Assad.

November 27, 2013: The Implications of Honduras' Elections
By Daniela Giller
On November 24th, Hondurans headed to the polls to elect a new president and vote for all 128 members of the National Congress. The elections, which come amidst rising levels of unemployment, crime, violence, and widespread public discontent, have huge implications for the country's future.

November 27, 2013: Why and How Latin America Should Think About the Future
By Sergio Bitar
Over the past decade, many Latin American governments have made significant strides in developing domestic policies that have succeeded in reducing poverty and strengthening democratic institutions. Yet the impact of profound transformations in the global economy, climate change, and new information and communication technologies makes it clear that the region’s future will be inextricably connected to developments taking place beyond the borders of individual nations.

November 23, 2013: The Legacy of JFK
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
JFK’s legacy, from civil rights to Vietnam, remains a subject of great debate. It is striking how much of his short presidency –- just 1000 days -- was related to Latin America.

November 23, 2013: El Legado de JFK
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El legado de JFK, desde los derechos civiles hasta Vietnam, sigue siendo un tema de gran debate. Llama la atención cuanto de ese legado estaba relacionado con América Latina durante su corta presidencia -- sólo 1.000 días.

November 22, 2013: Migration and Development in Central America: Perceptions, Policies, and Further Opportunities
By Manuel Orozco and Julia Yansura
Migrants abroad have been a strong source of economic growth for nearly every country in the region. Public officials, however, have been largely unable to develop policies that effectively leverage the economic activities of migrants and harness their full economic potential.

November 22, 2013: Sub-Regional Dialogue on Citizen Security Policy
By Humberto Galvan
Governors, policy makers, and analysts gathered in Porto Alegre, Brazil on November 18 and 19 to participate in the Sub-Regional Dialogue on Citizen Security Policy, a two-day meeting convened by the Inter-American Development Bank, in collaboration with the Inter-American Dialogue, to discuss and examine the efforts of sub-national actors against crime and violence in Latin America.

November 21, 2013: My way or the "trail"
By Scott Odell
Source: The Broker
There is no easy answer to the question of the fate of Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT region, but a few key steps can maximize the areas of agreement of the many vested interests.

November 20, 2013: The US in the Early 21st Century: Decline or Renewal?
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
The bitter impasse finally, if temporarily, resolved in Washington last week made it absolutely evident to all that the US faces serious problems. These problems did not suddenly arise, nor are they limited to the showdown of government activities and services and the raising the national debt limit. The difficulties are not only political, but also economic and social; they have developed over many years, and they are by no means resolved.

November 19, 2013: Cuba's Government Must Broaden Reforms: Kerry
By Megan Cook
Cuba remains the exception to the Western Hemisphere's trajectory of strengthening democracy, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said in a speech Monday at the Organization of American States, as he called for the Cuban government to "embrace a broader political reform agenda.

November 19, 2013: Um evento vira histórico pelo que vem depois dele
By Mariana Timóteo da Costa, Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: O Globo
Um dos maiores especialistas nas relações entre Brasil e Estados Unidos, Peter Hakim, de 71 anos, coordena o Diálogo Interamericano, grupo de intelectuais que discute o tema. Ele falou sobre os ecos do julgamento do mensalão por telefone, de Porto Alegre, onde participava de um congresso.

November 18, 2013: Remarks on U.S. Policy in the Western Hemisphere
By US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State John Kerry addressed US-Latin America relations for the first time in the United States since his appointment at an event co-sponsored by the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States.

November 18, 2013: The Outlook for Judicial Reform in Ecuador
By Veronica Gaitan
In 2011, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa instituted major changes in the organization of the country’s courts. Among the most important modifications was the creation of a Judiciary Council. Gustavo Jalkh, who was selected to head the Council, spoke at the Inter-American Dialogue on recent changes in Ecuador’s judiciary.

November 18, 2013: Migration and Development: Current Trends and Policy Options
By Julia Yansura
On November 15, 2013 the Inter-American Dialogue organized a meeting on migration and development in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, co-sponsored by the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) and the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH).

November 17, 2013: ¿Qué está en juego en las elecciones presidenciales de Chile?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
En America Latina, las miradas nuevamente están puestas sobre Chile. ¿Podrá el país que por largo tiempo ha sido visto como un laboratorio por sus políticas innovadoras continuar siendo un referente para una región que busca enfrentar antiguas inequidades y a la vez mantener la democracia y el crecimiento?

November 17, 2013: What’s At Stake in Chile’s Presidential Elections?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
In Latin America, eyes are once again on Chile. Will the country long seen as a laboratory for policy innovation continue to be a reference for a region that is seeking to address longstanding inequalities, while maintaining democracy and economic growth?

November 7, 2013: A Conversation with the Former President of Bolivia, Jorge Quiroga
By Megan Cook
"Democracy is under siege" in Bolivia, the country's former president and a current opposition leader, Jorge Quiroga, said last week at the Inter-American Dialogue in a presentation blasting the current government's record on democratic governance.

November 6, 2013: Will a New Development Accord Succeed in Guatemala?
By Salvador Paiz, Jeffrey Puryear, and James M. Meyer
Source: Latin America Advisor
In early October, Guatemala's president, members of his cabinet, as well as business and religious leaders in the Central American nation agreed to work together to reduce malnutrition, improve education and provide youths with the skills necessary to be successful in the labor market. Will the accord be implemented successfully and achieve its goals?

November 6, 2013: Latin America's Oil Sector: A Lost Opportunity
By Tim Stackhouse
Despite its prodigious petroleum reserves and high world oil price over the past decade, many countries in Latin America are experiencing declining production. What explains this apparent paradox?

October 30, 2013: As Spain, Latin America’s Fortunes Shift, Ibero-American Summit Loses Steam
By Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
When the Ibero-American Summit convened in Panama on Oct. 16, it bore little resemblance in spirit and tenor to its launch in 1991. Where do Ibero-American relations now stand?

October 28, 2013: Challenges Facing Ecuador's Civil Society Organizations
By Veronica Gaitan
In June 2013, President Rafael Correa issued a decree creating new procedures for nongovernmental organizations to obtain legal status. How has this law impacted Ecuador's civil society?

October 27, 2013: Summit Fatigue
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Last year, Enrique Iglesias called for a “modernization” of the Ibero-American Summit that matches priorities of the meetings with the real problems facing the countries that make up the “Iberoamerican family.” Yet, the 23rd summit held made it clear that the “family” was becoming less and less unified and committed to a common purpose.

October 27, 2013: La fatiga de las cumbres
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El año pasado, Enrique Iglesias, secretario general de la Cumbre Iberoamericana, pidió una reforma del proceso iniciado en 1991 en Guadalajara, México. Instó a la "modernización" para que las prioridades de las reuniones correspondan a los problemas reales que enfrentan los países que conforman la "familia iberoamericana".

October 23, 2013: A Conversation with Hugo Martínez
By Daisy Franco
Although Central America has made some strides in recent years towards a more integrated regional agenda, critical challenges remain. SICA Secretary General Hugo Martinez joined the Dialogue for a discussion on Central America’s chief priorities and SICA’s agenda looking forward.

October 21, 2013: The Implications of Argentina's Upcoming Elections
By Veronica Gaitan
On October 27, Argentine citizens will vote for half of the country’s federal deputies and a third of its senators. The country’s economic woes, as well as President Kirchner's health problems, have raised a number of questions about its political situation. The elections will be critical in shaping the rest of her term.

October 21, 2013: Why Have Businesses in Colombia Become so Pessimistic?
By Antonio Navarro Wolff, Alexander Chalmers, and Andy Webb-Vidal
In August, the level of business confidence in Colombia fell to its lowest level since 2009, according to local think tank Fedesarrollo. Why have businesses operating in Colombia become so pessimistic? To what extent have the policies of President Juan Manuel Santos helped or hindered businesses? Which sectors have thrived during Santos' administration, and which have struggled?

October 14, 2013: China’s Rising Investment Profile in the Caribbean
By Richard L. Bernal
Can China become a major source of FDI for Caribbean nations? Ambassador Richard Bernal discusses China's emerging role as an investor in the region.

October 14, 2013: The State Visit that Wasn't
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de Sao Paolo
The “postponement” of President Rousseff’s state visit reveals a great deal about U.S.-Brazilian relations. The opportunities for bilateral cooperation are countless. Yet U.S.-Brazilian disagreements have blocked progress on multiple fronts.

October 14, 2013: A visita de Estado que não houve
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
O "adiamento" da visita de Estado da presidente Dilma Rousseff revela muito sobre as relações Brasil-EUA. São inúmeras as oportunidades de cooperação. Os desentendimentos, todavia, têm bloqueado o progresso rumo a tratados fundamentais sobre comércio bilateral, tributos e investimentos.

October 10, 2013: Economic Outlook in the Andes
By Cameron Combs
The Dialogue recently hosted a discussion on the economic and political outlook in Peru, Colombia and Venezuela.

October 9, 2013: The Human Rights Situation in Mexico
By Veronica Gaitan
A prominent activist and scholar from one of Mexico’s most violent cities joined the Dialogue for a discussion of the the human rights situation in Ciudad Juárez.

October 6, 2013: La maniobra de Maduro frente a Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace cuatro meses, después de una reunión entre el secretario de Estado de EE. UU. John Kerry y el ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Venezuela, Elías Jaua, en la Asamblea General de la OEA en Guatemala, un eventual reacercamiento entre Washington y Caracas parecía posible. Las relaciones políticas han sido tensas y conflictivas desde que Hugo Chávez llegó al poder en 1999.

October 6, 2013: Maduro's Latest US Maneuvers
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Four months ago, an eventual rapprochement between Washington and Caracas looked possible. Unfortunately, hope for better relations quickly faded with the recent expulsion of US and Venezuelan diplomats.

October 2, 2013: 'Obamacare', manzana de la discordia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Faltan más de tres años de su segundo mandato, pero hasta el momento el legado principal del presidente Obama ha sido su reforma de salud, ampliamente conocida como ‘Obamacare.’ Curiosamente, justo este martes, el día en que empezó la era del ‘Obamacare’, muchas partes del gobierno federal dejaron de operar.

September 30, 2013: Was Maduro's Recent Trip to China a Success?
By Riordan Roett, Margaret Myers, Gustavo Roosen, and Dan Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro this month made a three-day visit to China, his first official state trip abroad since taking office in April. Was the trip a success for Maduro? For China?

September 26, 2013: What can we expect from Pope Francis?
By Veronica Gaitán
Two prominent religious studies professors discussed the impact and potential legacy of Pope Francis, a native Argentine, on Latin America.

September 25, 2013: Shale Gas in Latin America
By Tim Stackhouse
The shale gas revolution has reached Latin America and its prodigious gas reserves. Can Latin America overcome political, geological, and economic challenges? Will it live up to its shale gas potential?

September 24, 2013: Why Are Tensions Rising Between Nicaragua & its Neighbors?
By Francisco Campbell, Christine Wade, and Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Source: Latin America Advisor
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega recently said the country will seek to regain control of Guanacaste province, which it lost to Costa Rica in 1824. Meanwhile, tensions between Nicaragua and Colombia over their maritime boundaries, ostensibly settled by an International Court of Justice ruling late last year, have been reignited. What is behind Ortega's bellicose statements?

September 24, 2013: Presentación del reporte: (Mal)gasto - Estado de la educación en México
By Claudio X. González Guajardo
Source: Mexicanos Primero
Claudio X. González introduces a new report by Mexicanos Primero, "(Mis)spent: The State of Education in Mexico 2013."

September 20, 2013: US-Brazil Relations After the Cancellation
By Tim Stackhouse
This week, President Dilma Rousseff became the first head of state to postpone a state visit to the United States after leaks revealed that the US had been spying on Brazil. What does this historic decision mean for the increasingly important US-Brazilian bilateral relationship?

September 19, 2013: Democracy in Latin America
By Veronica Gaitan
Two prominent professors in the field of democratic governance took stock of the progress and challenges facing the region’s democracies.

September 19, 2013: State of the Remittance Industry: Trends and Challenges
By Eric Johnson
The Dialogue hosted a panel discussion on the current state of the remittance industry featuring representatives from many of the leading money transfer companies.

September 18, 2013: How Important Are Mexico's Proposed Tax System Reforms?
By James R. Jones, Andrés Rozental, Rogelio Ramírez de la O, Alfredo Coutiño, and Lisa M. Schineller
Source: Latin America Advisor
Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto unveiled his plan for an overhaul of the country's tax system. The reforms would impose new taxes on the country's top earners as well as on capital gains. How important are tax system reforms for Mexico's economy? Do the specific parts of the reform address the right areas?

September 12, 2013: When Principle Hardly Mattered
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
It has been painful to watch President Obama agonize over the appropriate US response to Syria and to other nations of the Middle East. Yet not so long ago, US foreign policy decision-making was far less troubled by principle. From Nixon to Obama, the US has made some progress in the past 40 years.

September 12, 2013: Estados Unidos y Chile, hace 40 años
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Puede ser penoso observar como agoniza la administracion Obama en la búsqueda de respuestas apropiadas de EE.UU. ante Siria y ane el resto de Oriente Medio. Sin embargo, no hace mucho tiempo la politica exterior de Estados Unidos era mucho más simple, cruel y menos atribulada por principio. EE.UU. ha hecho algún progreso desde hace 40 años.

September 12, 2013: LGBT Rights in the Americas
By Cameron Combs
By all appearances, Argentina is leading the way in the push for LGBT equality in the Americas. It became the second country, after Canada, to legalize same-sex marriage in the hemisphere in 2010. A year later, the national congress passed landmark legislation allowing transgender individuals access to free gender reassignment surgery and hormone therapy.

September 11, 2013: A Time for Action: Latin America and the Future
By Mary Dempsey
The failure to narrow the inequality gap in Latin America, a need for effective economic integration, and the importance of investment in infrastructure and education were among the issues spotlighted during the XVII Annual CAF Conference, the largest and most successful CAF Conference to date.

September 10, 2013: Will Teachers' Resistance Derail Mexico's Education Reforms?
By Reyes Tamez Guerra, Jeffrey Puryear, Andrés Rozental, and Sergio Bitar
Source: Latin America Advisor
Last week, Mexico's Congress gave final approval to an overhaul of the country's education system but will protests derail or significantly dilute the reforms? What are the most important parts of the overhaul, and how can they be implemented in the face of teacher resistance?

September 9, 2013: Chinese Investment in Brazil: An Overview of Shifting Trends
By Tania O'Conor
Over the past decade, the Brazilian economy has benefited immensely from China’s accession in the global economy. Sustained levels of Chinese investment across a range of sectors from natural resources to manufacturing to services have introduced an important dimension to the bilateral relationship.

September 9, 2013: Chile: Lecciones aprendidas a 40 años del Golpe Militar
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Pulso
La dictadura y su secuela de violación masiva de los derechos humanos y represión abrió una herida que no ha cerrado, pero los chilenos que la sufrieron han tenido la fortaleza de superarla y reconstruir una sociedad democrática. ¿Qué lecciones hemos aprendido los chilenos de esa gran tragedia ocurrida en 1973, de la lucha contra la dictadura y de la reconstrucción de nuestra democracia?

September 9, 2013: Development vs. Conservation: Global Trends in the Battle Over Oil in Ecuador’s Yasuní Rainforest
By Scott Odell
Source: New Security Beat
Ecuador, the OPEC member with the smallest amount of proven oil reserves, has gained outsized attention in the debate over the future of oil extraction in recent days and may well play a decisive role in the outcome of the global tension between economic development and environmental conservation.

September 8, 2013: Obama at a Crossroads
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
On Tuesday night, Barack Obama will be making perhaps the most important speech of his presidency. Obama’s task will not be easy. He will try to persuade a very skeptical nation. It is never easy to predict what will happen once military action is underway, but it is hard to recall when uncertainties have been greater.

September 8, 2013: La encrucijada solitaria de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El martes en la noche, Barack Obama va a hacer tal vez el discurso más importante de su presidencia.

September 4, 2013: Is Legalization Possible?: Trends and Political Mapping of Immigration in the House of Representatives (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Julia Yansura
Immigration has sparked political debate in the United States for decades. Though many sectors recognize that the immigration system needs repair, the issue of what to do with the country’s estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants is a political lightening rod.

September 3, 2013: Asian and Latin American City Competitiveness (PDF)
By Marco Kamiya, CAF - Development Bank of Latin America
This brief, which summarizes initial findings from a Regional Competitive Cities study conducted by CAF and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), compares cluster development and competitiveness in three cities in Asia—Ho Chi Minh, Dhaka and Seoul—and four cities in Latin America—Curitiba, Lima, Bogotá and Guayaquil.

August 29, 2013: How Are Changing Demographics Affecting Latin America?
By Paulo Saad, John Price, and Daniel Cotlear
Source: Latin America Advisor
From 2010 to 2020, the number of working-age Latin Americans will grow by more than 40 million people yet by 2050, several large Latin American countries may have older populations than the US. What factors are driving demographic trends in Latin America and the Caribbean?

August 26, 2013: El experimento de la marihuana en Uruguay
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Los Angeles Times
El enfoque de EEUU sobre el control de drogas de no-coger-prisioneros (o más precisamente no-coger-demasiados-prisioneros) tiene pocos fans en América Latina, el campo de batalla más violento, con mucho, de la guerra contra la droga en los EEUU. Uruguay el país más pequeño de la región ha sido, sin embargo, el primero en rebelarse abiertamente.

August 26, 2013: O experimento da maconha no Uruguai
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Los Angeles Times
O enfoque dos EUA sobre o controle de drogas de não-capturar-prisioneiros (ou mais precisamente não-capturar-muitos-prisioneiros) tem poucos fãs na América Latina, o campo de batalha mais violento da guerra contra as drogas nos EUA. O Uruguai, o menor país da região foi, no entanto, o primeiro a se rebelar abertamente.

August 21, 2013: Uruguay's Marijuana Experiment
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Los Angeles Times
The United States' take-no-prisoners (or, perhaps more aptly, take-too-many-prisoners) approach to drug control has few fans in Latin America. Uruguay, the smallest country in the region, has been the first, however, to openly rebel.

August 19, 2013: Can Technology Help Quell Citizens' Anger at Their Governments?
By Juan Rada, Miguel A. Porrúa, Mike Mora, Beatrice Rangel, and Andres Maz
Source: Latin America Advisor
As government funding for public services comes under strain, elected officials and disgruntled citizens are increasingly looking to new technologies to both deliver services and express priorities and demands. What are the best practices for engaging citizens in the region through technology?

August 13, 2013: August Recess: A Time to Align Political Forces
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
August is a quiet month in Washington. The Congress is in recess for five weeks, until early September. When lawmakers return, they will face a number of crucial battles, including on the budget. In such a polarized political environment, none of these will be easy.

August 13, 2013: Un receso para alinear fuerzas políticas en EE.UU.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Agosto es un mes tranquilo en Washington. El Congreso está en receso durante cinco semanas, hasta principios de septiembre. Cuando los legisladores regresen, se enfrentarán a una serie de batallas cruciales, incluyendo la del presupuesto. En un entorno político tan polarizado, ninguna de estas va a ser fácil.

August 8, 2013: How Important Is Chinese Lending to Latin America?
By Margaret Myers, Sun Hongbo, Matt Ferchen, and Erik Bethel
Source: Latin America Advisor
Chinese lending to Latin America and the Caribbean hit an all-time high of $37 billion in 2010. But China's lending to the region has plummeted since then, to approximately $6.8 billion in 2012, according to data recently compiled by the Inter-American Dialogue. The drop-off was attributed mainly to a decline in Chinese lending to Venezuela. How important is Chinese lending to the region today? What does the decline in funding from China mean for Venezuela and the region as a whole? What will the future hold for Chinese lending to Latin America and the Caribbean?

August 7, 2013: What's in Store for Venezuela?
By Javiera Alarcon
Since the April elections, Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro has had to deal with acute economic difficulties, a deeply polarized society, and a rapidly changing hemispheric political landscape. What is next for the country?

August 5, 2013: Will Pope Francis' Trip Have Any Lasting Effects for Brazil?
By Peter Hakim, Timothy Scully, and Jacqueline Pitanguy
Source: Latin America Advisor
Last month, Pope Francis visited Brazil for a week of World Youth Day activities. The visit marked his first foreign trip as leader of the Roman Catholic church. Standing next to the pontiff, President Dilma Rousseff called for cooperation with the church to combat poverty and hunger. Why did Francis choose Brazil for his first foreign trip as pope? Was the trip a success, and for whom? Will the visit have any lasting consequences for Brazilian society, or the church's role in that country?

August 1, 2013: A Meeting of the Dialogue’s Corporate Circle
By Erik Brand
Craig Kelly of ExxonMobil and David Nelson of General Electric, both former ambassadors to countries in the region, led off a roundtable discussion with members of the Inter-American Dialogue’s Corporate Circle.

July 30, 2013: China and the U.S. in Latin America: Who Wins?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
There is no evidence that the US is particularly troubled by China’s rapidly escalating presence—or that the two countries regard themselves as adversaries or rivals, contending for power, resources, and allies in the region. In fact, Latin America has proven to be a win-win situation for both China and the US.

July 30, 2013: Mexico on the Regional and Global Stage
By Gustavo Orozco
Mexico has an ambitious growth and reform agenda. Ambassador Eduardo Medina Mora and Carnegie expert Uri Dadush joined the Dialogue to discuss just how Mexico can grow to assume the regional and global leadership role it aspires to.

July 30, 2013: China y EE.UU. en Latam: ¿quien gana?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
No hay que negar que EE.UU. y China están compitiendo por mercados y oportunidades de inversión en Latinoamérica, pero no existe ningún conflicto serio entre China y Estados Unidos relacionado con la región. Mirando hacia el futuro, Washington tendría que continuar dando la bienvenida a la presencia activa y en expansión de China en Latinoamérica, tanto como China tendría que celebrar un fuerte rol de EE.UU.

July 27, 2013: E aí, presidente?
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Embora os brasileiros gostem de multidões, foi uma surpresa praticamente geral quando mais de 1 milhão de manifestantes saíram às ruas em mais de cem cidades para protestar. Os brasileiros, claro, estão revoltados com as falhas e fracassos do governo, e profundamente empenhados em mudar a maneira como o governo usa sua autoridade. O principal ônus da responsabilidade cabe à presidente Dilma Rousseff.

July 27, 2013: Now What, Madam President?
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Although Brazilians love crowds, it was a great surprise to virtually everyone in Brazil when more than a million protestors showed up on the streets of more than 100 cities. The protests should be viewed as an encouraging development for Brazil and leave one more optimistic about Brazil’s future.

July 26, 2013: Migrant Remittances and Development in the Global Economy
By Estefania Ortiz
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion of a new book by Manuel Orozco, Migrant Remittances and Development in the Global Economy on Friday, July 26th.

July 23, 2013: Latin American Perceptions of China
By Margaret Myers
China is generally viewed positively, particularly amongst younger generations, who increasingly believe that China has or will replace the US as the world's superpower. The Dialogue and the Pew Research Center hosted a discussion on the findings of a new Pew report on the subject.

July 22, 2013: Migrant Remittances and Development in the Global Economy
By Manuel Orozco
How do patterns of migration and remittances differ across regions? What kinds of regulatory and institutional frameworks best support the contributions of remittances to local development? What has been the impact of remittances on migrants and their families? Drawing on empirical data from five continents and firmly grounded in theory, Orozco's work reflects the evolution of our understanding about the importance of migrant remittances and the policies that govern them.

July 18, 2013: Political Stability in Central America: Is Democracy at Risk?
By Lisa Abrego
Central American governments have had, at best, mixed success in implanting democratic institutions, the rule of law, and productive market economies. Former Nicaraguan Ambassador and political analyst Arturo Cruz presented his just published paper exploring the multiple challenges and risks confronting democratic stability in the region at the Inter-American Dialogue on July 18.

July 17, 2013: Why Latin America (Hearts) Snowden
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
Edward Snowden requested political asylum of 20 or more countries across the globe to avoid facing espionage charges in the United States. Though he is now seeking temporary asylum from Russia, where he has been stranded in the Moscow airport, only a few nations, all in Latin America, have been openly receptive to his pleas.

July 17, 2013: ¿Por qué Latinoamérica abre su corazón a Snowden?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
Edward Snowden pidió asilo político en 20 o más países de todo el mundo para evitar enfrentar cargos por espionaje en Estados Unidos. Aunque ahora está solicitando asilo temporal en Rusia, donde se encuentra varado en el aeropuerto de Moscú, sólo unas pocas naciones, todas ellas en América Latina, se han mostrado receptivamente abiertas a sus pedidos.

July 17, 2013: Shale Gas in Latin America: Opportunities and Challenges
By David R. Mares
Is shale gas a viable new frontier for Latin America’s booming energy sector? Energy Expert David Mares analyzes the political, economic and environmental challenges that countries face in developing the next generation of hydrocarbon resources.

July 16, 2013: More than Revenue: Taxation as a Development Tool
By Colin Lubelczyk
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion of a new Inter-American Development Bank report, “More than Revenue: Taxation as a Development Tool.”

July 15, 2013: Political Reform in Central America: Are Democratic Institutions at Risk?
By Arturo Cruz-Sequeira
In this working paper, Cruz offers a fresh and original assessment of the state of democratic governance in five Central American nations: Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala.

July 11, 2013: 2012 Annual Report: Setting the Stage for the Next 30 Years (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
The Dialogue is pleased to present its 2012 Annual Report, highlighting the organization's rich 30 year history.

July 10, 2013: China Foreign Ministry Visit
By Margaret Myers
On Thursday, July 11 the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a private, off-the-record roundtable discussion with Shen Zhiliang, the new director general of Latin American and Caribbean Affairs in the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who is visiting Washington to lead the Latin America discussion at the 2013 US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue. Participants included a select group of experts on China-Latin America relations, as well as representatives from the Chinese delegation and from the U.S. State Department.

July 8, 2013: Are Latin American Countries Thumbing Their Noses at the U.S.?
By William McIlhenny, Daniela Chacón Arias, and Carl Meacham
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden is the latest high-profile fugitive to seek political asylum from the United States in Latin America. Why are some governments in the region so eager to thumb their noses at the United States?

July 3, 2013: What's Really Behind South America's Wave of Street Protests?
By Henrique Rzezinski, Moisés Naím, Peter Hakim, and Moises Arce
Source: Latin America Advisor
A wave of street protests and strikes that broke out this month across Latin America took some officials and observers by surprise. Are these protests isolated events with unique causes or are there threads that unify them?

July 3, 2013: Protests in Brazil: Why Now? What Do They Mean?
By Javiera Alarcon
By the end of June, over 80 Brazilian cities had experienced massive demonstrations sweeping the country, stemming from acute grievances with dismal public services. The protests, referred to as a “crisis of renewal” by Paolo Sotero, director of the Brazil Institute at the Woodrow Wilson Center, have provoked a political upheaval bent on improving the quality of life for many middle-class Brazilians.

June 28, 2013: A Conversation with Colombia's Minister of Mines and Energy (PDF)
By Gustavo Orozco
Minister Renjifo, who has held his current position since September 2012, talked about the prospects and challenges in Colombia’s critically important energy and mining sectors. Minister Renjifo previously served as President Juan Manuel Santos’ minister of the interior and secretary general of the presidency. The minister’s opening remarks were followed by a wide-ranging exchange with participants.

June 27, 2013: Christian and LGBT Groups Have Brought the Battle for Gay Rights to the Caribbean
By Javier Corrales & Cameron Combs
Source: The Atlantic
Controversy over the region's colonial-era "buggery" laws is exposing a new form of advocacy -- and anti-colonialism.

June 24, 2013: A Bolivarian Dream Deferred
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The Latin American left is back in the news thanks to the Edward Snowden saga, but the movement still hasn't found a leader to replace Hugo Chávez.

June 21, 2013: Drogas na America Latina (PDF)
By Peter Hakim and Kimberly Covington
Source: Política Externa
Latin America’s growing leadership on the sensitive issue of international drug policy has been on full view on the world stage.

June 21, 2013: Latin America’s War on Drug Policy
By Peter Hakim and Kimberly Covington
Source: Política Externa
Latin America’s growing leadership on the sensitive issue of international drug policy has been on full view on the world stage.

June 19, 2013: Congressional Testimony: Regional Security Cooperation: Is It Working? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
US security cooperation through CARSI and CBSI has been useful and important in assisting our troubled Central American and Caribbean neighbors. That is why every country is seeking continued US support. But these programs are clearly not enough. The data show that crime and violence in a number of the countries are worsening. In Honduras, for example, murder rates increased by some 50 percent between 2008 and 2012. True, conditions would likely be even more severe absent US cooperation. Even where violence has dropped, US assistance has been too modest and could be more effectively targeted. But the overall sobering situation and outlook should prompt serious questions about the focus and scale of US assistance and Washington’s overall approach to Central America and the Caribbean.

June 19, 2013: Nicaragua's Canal: What should we expect?
By Margaret Myers
On Wednesday, June 19, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted Ronald MacLean-Abaroa, spokesperson for HKND Group and former mayor of La Paz, Bolivia for an off-the-record background discussion on Nicaragua’s proposed inter-oceanic canal.

June 19, 2013: Subcommittee Hearing: Regional Security Cooperation: An Examination of the Central American Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) and the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI)
By Colin Lubelczyk
Testifying before the House Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere on Wednesday, June 19, experts agreed that the troubling security situations in Central America and the Caribbean demand sustained US attention.

June 16, 2013: El rol del Papa puede ser importante en la región
By Cronista, interview featuring Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter, destacado analista político de Washington, analiza la próxima visita de Francisco a Brasil y la relación de EE.UU. con Argentina. Por Jorge Sosa, Editor en Jefe de Cronista.com

June 12, 2013: Fourteen Lessons for Improving Learning (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
This document is the authors’ attempt to draw lessons from the work of the Partnership for Educational Revitalization in the Americas (PREAL). A project established by the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington, DC, and the Corporation for Development Research (CINDE) in Santiago, Chile, PREAL has worked for nearly two decades to improve educational quality and equity by promoting better education policy.

June 12, 2013: Peru's President Stresses Social Inclusion, Stronger Ties With U.S
By Megan Cook
Peruvian President Ollanta Humala spoke about U.S.-Peru relations and his administration's domestic priorities at an event co-hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue on June 10.

June 10, 2013: Where do Relations Between the U.S. and Brazil Stand Today?
By Peter Hakim, Roberto Teixeira da Costa, Paulo Sotero, Mark S. Langevin
Source: Latin America Advisor
During a recent three-day visit to Brazil, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden called for stronger ties between the two countries. Where do U.S.-Brazil relations stand today?

June 4, 2013: ¿Cómo afectará el informe de OEA al debate de la política sobre las drogas?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El informe de la OEA sobre las drogas es un impactante documento que cumple ampliamente el mandato de los Jefes de Estado americanos.

June 4, 2013: What Trends Have Been Driving Investment in the Region?
By Roberto Baquerizo, Alfredo Coutiño, Luis Oganes, and Lisa M. Schineller
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin America and the Caribbean received a record $173.36 billion of foreign direct investment last year, a 6.7 percent increase from 2011, according to data released May 14 by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. What factors and global trends have been driving these investments? Which countries fared best, and worst, in attracting foreign investment, and why? Will FDI in 2013 and 2014 continue to gain steam?

May 31, 2013: The OAS Report and Rethinking the Drug War
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Peter Hakim comments on the findings of the recently released Insulza Report on drug policy from the Organization of American States.

May 31, 2013: How Will the OAS Report Affect the Drug-Policy Debate?
By Peter Hakim, Juan Carlos Hidalgo, Vanda Felbab-Brown
Source: Latin America Advisor
OAS Secretary-General José Miguel Insulza presented the "Report on the Drug Problem in the Americas" on May 17. What effect, if any, is the report having on the drug policy debate in the United States and in the region?

May 30, 2013: Honduras Gang Truce, Modeled on El Salvador’s, Unlikely to See the Same Success
By Catherine Cheney, interview featuring Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics Review
In Honduras, the Central American country with the highest homicide rate in the world, the two largest and most dangerous street gangs declared a truce Tuesday.

May 30, 2013: Demystifying Russia-Latin America Relations
By Margaret Myers
The Inter-American Dialogue was pleased to host a discussion of Russia’s relations with Latin America over the past decade. Once a considerable presence in Latin America, Russian activity in the region is now seemingly limited to high-level visits and arms sales. As Russia looks to establish reliable global partnerships, however, and to strengthen its position in a multi-polar world, Latin America is receiving more attention in Russian foreign policy. How is Russia’s view of Latin America evolving? Vladimir Rouvinski of ICESI University in Colombia, Viktor Kheifets of Saint Petersburg State University in Russia, Evan Ellis, a professor at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies at the National Defense University in Washington, DC, and Bruce Bagley of the University of Miami answered this and other questions in a panel discussion of Russia’s perceived ‘return’ to Latin America. Opening remarks were followed by commentary from Gonzalo Paz of American University.

May 29, 2013: China, Latin America and the Changing Architecture of Trans-Pacific Engagement
By Margaret Myers
The Inter-American Dialogue and the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) Section for Asia and the Americas were pleased to host a discussion of economic integration along the Pacific Rim. Latin American nations are increasingly supportive of multilateral strategies for advancing common interests vis-à-vis Asia. The Pacific Alliance and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), in particular, endeavor to harmonize trans-Pacific trade and investment. How do Latin American countries intend to leverage emerging trans-Pacific agreements to encourage economic integration? How does China view these arrangements? And how will the changing architecture of the Pacific Rim affect Chinese interests in Latin America?

May 29, 2013: Os Novos Bancos em Cena: Financiamentos chineses na América Latina (PDF)
By Kevin P. Gallagher, Amos Irwin, Katherine Koleski
Este relatório, produto do programa de China e América Latina do Inter-American Dialogue, oferece a primeira síntese abrangente do papel da China como credora na América Latina e no Caribe (ALC). Os autores estimam o volume, composição e características dos empréstimos chineses na região desde 2005, oferecem comparações com outros credores internacionais ocidentais e examinam a sabedoria comum sobre o assunto. O relatório investiga se os empréstimos chineses oferecem termos menos favoráveis, menos condicionalidades políticas e regulações ambientais mais frouxas—em comparação com os empréstimos obtidos com bancos e instituições financeiras internacionais baseadas no Ocidente. Os autores encontram evidência para apoiar algumas destas ideias, mas não outras.

May 29, 2013: Is Freedom of the Press in Danger in Latin America?
By Luis Manuel Botello, Horacio Verbitsky, and Carlos Lauría
Source: Latin America Advisor
Concerns about press freedom in the Americas have been in the headlines recently. In Colombia, authorities have warned the public of a plot by an organized crime group to kill several high-profile journalists. In Argentina, opposition leader and Buenos Aires City Mayor Mauricio Macri signed a decree "to guarantee protection to journalists and media in the city" as the government's ongoing dispute with country's largest media company has intensified. In Venezuela, the last major opposition television station was sold to investors believed to be friendly with the administration President Nicolás Maduro. What do these developments say about press freedom in the Americas? What are the most important trends that stakeholders (government, businesses, civil society) need to pay attention to? How has the evolution of social media and wider access to the Internet and communications technologies changed the debate over freedom of the press?

May 26, 2013: Passeio no“quintal” (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Correio Braziliense

May 23, 2013: A Tribute to Albert O. Hirschman
By Alejandro Foxley
Jeremy Adelman has written an extraordinary book about an extraordinary person: "Worldly Philosopher: The Odyssey of Albert O. Hirschman." After his death, "The Economist" posed the right question: why had Hirschman not been awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics?

May 22, 2013: President Obama's Visit and the Outlook for US Relations with Mexico and Central America
By Rachel Schwartz
On May 22, the Inter-American Dialogue held a private Congressional dinner to reflect on the outcomes of President Obama's visit to Mexico and Costa Rica. The dinner was co-hosted by Senator Tim Kaine (D-VA) and Representative Michael McCaul (R-TX).

May 14, 2013: The Politics of Poverty: South America's Conditional Cash Transfers (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: World Politics Review
The cross-country comparison suggests that however well designed and intentioned social programs might be, they are most likely to be sustainable if they are carried out within a context of effective democratic institutions. This is critical to ensuring that spending is adequately tailored to the changing needs of recipients instead of merely buttressing support for traditional officeholders. In this regard, political and institutional factors are central in accounting for the relative success of social policy experiments throughout Latin America.

May 13, 2013: How Solid Is Morales' Support as he Looks to a Third Term?
By Carlos Mesa, Kathryn Ledebur, Iván C. Rebolledo, and Miguel Centellas
Source: Latin America Advisor
Bolivia's Constitutional Court ruled last month that President Evo Morales can seek a third term in the presidential election scheduled for December 2014. How solid is Morales' support as he looks toward his next campaign? How strong is the opposition, and what could Morales' rivals do to gain an edge? Will Morales choose to make 2014 his last run for office?

May 8, 2013: Venezuela's Opposition in a Favorable Position Amid Political Instability
By Catherine Cheney interviews Michael Shifter
Since Nicolas Maduro’s narrow victory over opposition candidate Henrique Capriles Radonski in Venezuela’s presidential election last month, tensions have escalated in the country, most recently with rival marches in the streets.

May 8, 2013: Latin American Women Rising
By Joan Caivano and Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Polítca Exterior
Women in Latin America and the Caribbean have made tremendous strides towards achieving leadership in every sphere. Just over a decade ago, in 2000, the Inter-American Dialogue issued a report from a meeting of women political leaders that concluded, in Latin America and the Caribbean, “the highest circles of power still remain largely male dominated.”

May 8, 2013: Las mujeres de América Latina, al alza (PDF)
By Joan Caivano and Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Polítca Exterior
En las últimas dos décadas, el avance de la participación política de las mujeres en América Latina ha sido espectacular. La región, sin embargo, registra las mayores tasas del mundo en violencia contra las mujeres y mortalidad maternal a causa de abortos ilegales.

May 3, 2013: What Does the Future Hold for U.S.-Venezuela Relations?
By Michael Shifter, Gustavo Roosen, and Mark Weisbrot
Source: Latin America Advisor
The future of U.S.-Venezuela relations remains uncertain in the early days of the Nicolás Maduro administration. Maduro has voiced a desire for "respectful relations" with the United States, though Washington has still not recognized his government. The United States has denied that it is considering sanctions against Venezuela, and Venezuelan authorities recently arrested a U.S. citizen on accusations of attempting to spark social unrest. The State Department has denied any efforts to destabilize the Venezuelan government. Will U.S.-Venezuela relations be better or worse under Maduro than they were under Hugo Chávez? What do Maduro's cabinet picks portend about the future of bilateral relations? Should businesses be more worried about political risk in Venezuela now than they were when Chávez was alive?

May 1, 2013: Democratic Governance in Latin America: A Work in Progress (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Policy Journal
Democracy is deepening across much of Latin America, especially in Mexico and Brazil, the two major countries. In a region once plagued by bloody coups and military interventionism, free and fair elections are now the norm. At the same time, in a number of countries, political parties are weak and there has been erosion of checks on executive authority.

May 1, 2013: Which Mexico for Obama?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
When President Barack Obama meets this week with President Enrique Peña Nieto in Mexico, he will be visiting a country that was much maligned throughout his first term. But Mexico’s standing in the United States and internationally has increased dramatically — along with its national self-esteem.

April 29, 2013: John Kerry repite la visión que Hillary Clinton tuvo en los últimos cuatro años (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Las declaraciones del secretario de Estado, John Kerry, hacen eco de lo que precisamente su redecesora en el cargo, Hillary Clinton, decía repetidamente en los últimos cuatro años. La diferencia ahora, en el segundo periodo de su gobierno, es que Barack Obama no parece dispuesto a gastar tanto tiempo en tratar de mejorar las relaciones con gobiernos que han sido inamistosos con Washington.

April 24, 2013: Women and the Judiciary in the Americas: Leadership and Outcomes (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue, League of Women Voters, and International Association of Women Judges
We are pleased to present this report on women in judicial leadership in the Americas. In recent decades, women in Latin America and the Caribbean have made tremendous strides towards achieving leadership in every sphere and at the highest levels.

April 24, 2013: La Mujer y el Poder Judicial en las Américas: Liderazgo y Resultados (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue, League of Women Voters, and International Association of Women Judges
Nos complace sobremanera presentar un informe sobre la mujer en cargos de responsabilidad judicial en las Américas, elaborado en el marco de los grandes avances que durante las últimas décadas las mujeres de América Latina y el Caribe vienen concretando en todos los ámbitos y al más alto nivel.

April 23, 2013: The Americas in Motion: Looking Ahead (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
This commemorative volume draws in part on papers prepared for the Dialogue’s 30th Anniversary Sol M. Linowitz Forum. The authors reflect on the dramatic transformations in US-Latin American relations over the past thirty years – since the Dialogue’s first report on the hemispheric policy agenda in 1983 – and, more crucially, they explore what changes should be anticipated over the next three decades. In keeping with the Dialogue’s role and mission, this forward-looking exercise seeks to inform the terms of debate and influence decision-making. Our aim is to stimulate broad and spirited public discussion about where the Western Hemisphere is headed

April 15, 2013: The Promise of a North America-European Union Free Trade Agreement
By Carla A. Hills, Jaime Serra, and Michael Wilson
Source: El Financiero
The United States and the European are discussing the possible launch of negotiations to create a U.S.-EU Trade Agreement. Enlarging the proposed negotiations to include all three North American nations, Canada, Mexico, and the United States would create a unique, historic and much larger opportunity that has the potential to give a real boost to the economies of all of the nations involved as well as to the global economy.

April 15, 2013: ¿Qué significará el 12º Plan Quinquenal de China para las relaciones sino-latinoamericanas? (PDF)
By Margaret Myers and Yang Zhimin
Source: Apuntes
En marzo del 2011, la Asamblea Popular Nacional de China aprobó el 12º Plan Quinquenal del país, una extensa guía para la planificación social y económica hasta el año 2015. Los planes quinquenales de China no son herramientas de predicción confiables. Este artículo identifica tres desafíos destacados en el 12º Plan Quinquenal y susceptibles de ser abordados por el gobierno chino en los próximos años. Estos desafíos –la transformación económica, la escasez de recursos y la mejora de la industria– y las políticas propuestas para abordarlos tendrán también un papel central en configurar la floreciente relación de China con América Latina, así como con otras regiones. Las relaciones sino-latinoamericanas han crecido considerablemente en la última década, y continuarán expandiéndose. Los éxitos y fracasos de China al abordar sus desafíos nacionales definirán sus intereses globales y determinarán la trayectoria de sus compromisos con América Latina en los próximos años.

April 10, 2013: Panama's Political Outlook: A Conversation with Juan Carlos Navarro
By Peter Demers
On April 10, 2013, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion of Panama’s political outlook and challenges with presidential hopeful Juan Carlos Navarro.

April 9, 2013: Why Is the OAS Human Rights Commission Under Fire?
By Carmen Lomellin, Nathalie Cely, and Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Organization of American States on March 22 rejected attempts by the governments of Venezuela and allied leftist countries to block outside funding for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Opponents of the effort to block funding say the move would have neutralized the work of the commission, which has angered leftist governments of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, or ALBA. What would rejecting outside funding have done to the IACHR? Do the ALBA countries have a legitimate gripe with the commission? Is the IACHR effective at protecting human rights in the hemisphere?

April 8, 2013: The Meaning of Pope Francis for Latin America
By Cameron Combs
Cardinal McCarrick, who went to Rome for the recent papal conclave, is highly regarded in the Catholic Church in the United States and throughout the world. At the Inter-American Dialogue, he shared some thoughts and reflections on the significance of having the first pope from the Americas.

April 5, 2013: Is Bachelet a Shoo-in for Another Presidential Term in Chile?
By Jorge Heine, Peter M. Siavelis, Kirsten Sehnbruch, Peter Winn, and Patricio Nava
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet announced March 27 that she would run again for the country's presidency in the Nov. 17 election. Bachelet said that if elected to a second term in office, she would put income inequality at the top of her agenda. Is Bachelet, who still enjoys high approval ratings in Chile, a shoo-in for another term? Who will give Bachelet her toughest competition in the race? What issues are driving the campaign?

April 5, 2013: The End of Chavez Reveals U.S. Missteps
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
The acclaim and praise of late President Hugo Chavez throughout Latin America suggests a troubling degree of indifference to the US.

April 5, 2013: Latinoamerica 2030
By Allie Bobak
Assembled by the Millennium Project, a worldwide network of analysts studying long-term global trends, the report "Latinoamerica 2030" reviews a series of four scenarios for the future of Latin America. It provides a 20-year horizon of the issues and policy options for the region’s political, economic, and social development.

April 4, 2013: Obama mira otra vez al Sur
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Que Obama viaje a México el próximo mes para encontrarse con Peña Nieto otra vez, destaca el hecho de que, de entre todas las naciones de América Latina, México es abrumadoramente preeminente para los intereses y prioridades de EE.UU..

April 4, 2013: A Conversation with President of Paraguay, Federico Franco
By Cameron Combs
President Franco will review the political and economic landscape in his country, share his thoughts on the presidential and congressional elections that will take place on April 21, and offer his views about Paraguay’s relations with its neighbors and the United States.

April 4, 2013: A Conversation with José R. Cabañas, Chief of the Cuban Interests Section
By Tim Heine
Ambassador Cabañas, a career diplomat who previously served as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Ambassador to Austria, talked about the outlook for economic and political changes underway in Cuba, the state of relations with the United States, and Cuba’s role in hemispheric affairs.

April 4, 2013: Obama Heads South Again
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
That President Obama will be traveling to Mexico to meet with Peña Nieto again highlights the fact that, among the nations of Latin America, Mexico is overwhelmingly preeminent for US interests and priorities.

April 2, 2013: In Which Direction Is Uruguay's Economy Headed?
By Graciana del Castillo, Claudio Loser, and Christian Daude
Source: Latin America Advisor
Fitch Ratings last month joined two other major ratings agencies in giving Uruguay its coveted investment grade, a move that lowers the nation's borrowing costs and opens up opportunities for new investors. Meanwhile, Uruguayan Vice President Danilo Astori said recently that trade relations with neighboring Argentina are "at their worst point in a long time" in the wake of new taxes in Argentina on vacation packages abroad, which "greatly affects Uruguay" due to the high proportion of Argentine tourists in Uruguay. How important are ties with Argentina to Uruguay's economic outlook? Considering the broader global economic picture, will investment-grade status bring Uruguay the benefits it expects? What priorities should the country's economic policymakers be focused on in the near- and mid-term?

March 27, 2013: Post Chavez: Can U.S. rebuild Latin American ties?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
The funeral of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez earlier this month was a massive celebration of a vitriolic foe of the United States. This tribute should make Washington take a fresh look not only at its relations with Venezuela but also with all of Latin America.

March 26, 2013: The World of 2030: Risks and Opportunities for Latin America (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
The first newsletter of the Dialogue's Long-term Global Trends Program discusses the importance of global trends studies for Latin America and summarizes key studies that already exist.

March 26, 2013: Debating the Prospects for Peace in Colombia (PDF)
By Cameron Combs & Tim Heine
On September 4, 2012, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos announced that his government would begin formal peace negotiations with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in Oslo, Norway, and Havana, Cuba— sparking hope that the hemisphere’s longest internal armed conflict may finally be coming to a close.

March 25, 2013: Global Trends 2030: Challenges for Latin America
By Allie Bobak
A discussion of how long term global trends in critical areas such as energy, education, population, armed conflict, and governance will affect the future of Latin America.

March 25, 2013: What Will the Proposed Telecom Overhaul Mean for Mexico?
By Daniel Castro, Ramiro Tovar Landa, Andrés Rozental, and James R. Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
The lower house of Mexico's Congress gave its approval Friday to a measure to overhaul the country's telecommunications industry and sent the legislation to the Senate. The reforms, proposed earlier this month by Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, are seen as an effort to break the dominance of billionaire Carlos Slim and broadcaster Televisa on the industry. What would the overhaul mean for the industry and for Mexico's economy in general? Will the reforms win the needed legislative approval? If Peña Nieto's telecom reform stumbles, does that mean trouble for other big reforms in the works, such as tax and energy sector reforms?

March 23, 2013: Farewell Comandante: Venezuela without Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Diplomatist
Since Hugo Chavez first came to power in Venezuela in early 1999, there has been no shortage of speculation about how the regime would ultimately end and what scenarios would eventually follow. Yet few, if any, contemplated the possibility that Chavez would end up leaving the political scene he so thoroughly dominated for 14 years as a result of a severe illness, at the age of 58.

March 20, 2013: The New Pope and Gay Rights
By Cameron Combs
Source: Americas Quarterly
The selection of a Latino Pope has called attention to the role of the Catholic Church in Latin America. While a reinvigorated Vatican engagement with the hemisphere is certainly not welcomed news by the LGBT community, the Pope is not the most imminent threat to equality in the Americas.

March 19, 2013: What Is Driving Peru's Relationship With China?
By Cynthia McClintock, Margaret Myers, and Carlos Mateo Paz-Soldan
President Ollanta Humala will pay an official visit to Beijing in April, Peru's government announced earlier this month. While China has reportedly invested about $6 billion in Peru over the past three years, Foreign Minister Rafael Roncagliolo recently called on Chinese companies to diversify their investments in the Andean nation, naming specifically the infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology sectors. What is the state of Peru-China commercial ties today? What is driving the bilateral relationship, and what things stand in the way of improvement? Who stands to benefit or lose the most from expanding Peru-China ties?

March 14, 2013: Public Media in the Americas
By Cameron Combs
Democratization may have fundamentally altered the Latin American political landscape in the 1980s and ‘90s, but its effects have lagged in the information realm. All too often, the region’s media have been controlled by a handful of companies, limiting citizen access to balanced reporting. The resurgence of the left – historically targeted by these oligarchs – has sought to counter this phenomenon with state-owned newspapers and broadcast outlets. Public media – independent and not-for-profit programming – however, seem to have been left without a champion.

March 14, 2013: Criminal Violence in Mexico: Challenges for the Peña Nieto Administration
By Andres Quinche
International Crisis Group experts Javier Ciurlizza and Mark L. Schneider discuss Mexico's security challenges and new strategies from the Peña Nieto administration.

March 13, 2013: The Decade that Was (2003-2013)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El País
Latin America has, for the most part, seen sustained growth, reduced levels of poverty and equality, and rising confidence and activism on the global stage

March 13, 2013: La década que fue (2003-2013)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El País
América Latina ha visto casi en su totalidad un crecimiento sostenido, niveles de pobreza y desigualdad más reducidos y un aumento de la confianza y el activismo en el escenario mundial.

March 11, 2013: The Empire Makes Nice
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Four years ago, when the first Obama administration was still hopeful about the prospects of resetting relationships with U.S. adversaries in the world, Venezuela was high on the list.

March 7, 2013: With Chavez gone, what of ‘Chavismo’?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Reuters
"The End of the Chávez Era” That was the headline on Colombia’s major newspaper, El Tiempo, the day after Hugo Chávez’s death. True, Chávez’s controversial and colorful 14-year rule has ended, and Venezuela has lost a president who evoked uncommonly intense passions among followers and detractors. Venezuelans will not easily forget a leader who, for better or worse, was the consummate showman and left an indelible mark on a highly polarized society.

March 7, 2013: Security and Human Rights in Honduras: A Conversation with Julieta Castellanos
By Peter Demers
On March 7, the Inter-American Dialogue held a discussion on human rights and security challenges in Honduras with civil, intellectual, and academic leader Julieta Castellanos.

March 6, 2013: What Will a New Generation of Leadership Mean for Cuba?
By Peter Hakim, Stephen Wilkinson, Kirby Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
Cuban President Raúl Castro announced last month that he will retire in 2018. Cuba's parliament also approved Miguel Díaz-Canel, 52, as Cuba's first vice president, putting him in position to succeed Castro when he leaves office. What will having Díaz-Canel as vice president and possible successor to Castro mean for Cuba?

March 5, 2013: La fragmentación en Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El drama surrealista continúa. Los venezolanos y el resto del mundo esperan para ver qué pasa con Hugo Chávez. Los rumores sobre su estado de salud se han ido multiplicando pero cuando el vicepresidente Nicolás Maduro dice que Chávez está "luchando por su vida", es importante tomar nota

March 5, 2013: Fragmentation in Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The surreal drama continues. Venezuelans and the rest of the world wait and watch to see what happens with Hugo Chavez. Rumors about his health have been rampant, but when vice president Nicolas Maduro says that Chavez is “battling for his life,” it is important to take note.

March 5, 2013: So Long, Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
To be sure, Chávez’s boldness partially helped inspire pride and political self-confidence in the region, in addition to revitalizing the dream of leftist revolution in Latin America. Chávez’s contributions, however, were minimal compared with the positive impact of larger and more important factors, such as the rise of Brazil, the commodity boom, the growing assertiveness of many of the region’s countries, and the acute fiscal and political shortcomings of the United States.

March 1, 2013: In-Depth on the Falklands-Malvinas Dispute
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
An in-depth interview with Peter Hakim discussing the Falklands-Malvinas dispute and what that means in the context of Argentina's political situation.

March 1, 2013: How Well Has Peña Nieto Performed in His First 100 Days?
By Rogelio Ramirez de la O, James R. Jones, Andrés Rozental, Pamela Starr, and Duncan Wood
Source: Latin America Advisor
This month, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto marks 100 days in office. Fiscal and energy reforms that Peña Nieto had been expected to tackle quickly have been put off until later this year, while the president and his party have shifted their immediate focus to reforms in the areas including education and telecommunications. How well has Peña Nieto performed in his first 100 days? Is he focusing the beginning of his presidency on the right goals? Will the 'Pact for Mexico' agreement between the PRI and the two largest opposition parties hold? How might Mexico's local elections this July alter the current course?

February 25, 2013: La palanca judicial
By Jesús Silva-Herzog Márquez
Source: Reforma
Podría entenderse la política como una batalla contra la inercia. Una búsqueda esencialmente física de movimiento -o, vista del otro lado, una resistencia frente a la amenaza de la tracción. Todo proyecto de reforma enfrenta una energía motriz a un peso quieto. El impulso político fundamental radica en las máquinas representativas, en las palancas de la administración pública, en la presión de los movimientos sociales.

February 25, 2013: Brazil: The worst year in agricultural logistics
By Marcos Jank
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
This year Brazil is witnessing the largest harvest in its history. The country will harvest 185 million tons (MT) of grains and oilseeds, 11 percent more than in the previous year. We became the first producer (84 MT) and exporter (41 MT) worldwide of soybeans. We have also surpassed the United States as the leading worldwide exporter of maize (25 MT, compared to 23 MT U.S.), an unprecedented and surprising fact due to the terrible drought that hit the country in the middle of last year and caused a shortfall of over 110 million tons of grain.

February 25, 2013: Brasil y EE UU están de acuerdo en el desacuerdo (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Brasileños y estadounidenses parecen cómodos con una relación basada en el desacuerdo. A la desconfianza se une la incapacidad de encontrar intereses y propósitos comunes, pese a que asuntos globales como el comercio y el medio ambiente dependen de su cooperación.

February 24, 2013: Correa no logra llenar el ocaso de Chávez (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Hace una semana hubo dos importantes novedades en América Latina, una esperada, y la otra, menos. Sin sorpresas, Rafael Correa fue reelegido de manera aplastante en Ecuador. Y en un movimiento que econtró a muchos con la guardia baja, el aparentemente muy enfermo presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, retornó a Caracas.

February 24, 2013: Chávez void too large for Correa to fill
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
A week ago there was both expected and unexpected big news in Latin America. Not surprisingly, Rafael Correa won a landslide reelection in Ecuador. And in a move that caught many off guard, the apparently very ill Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez returned to Caracas from Havana.

February 21, 2013: Peru's Political and Institutional Agenda: A Conversation with the Speaker of Congress
By Tim Heine
Peru has captured international attention both because of its robust economic growth as well as its social unrest. Speaker Victor Isla Rojas, a lawyer who has served as congressman of the Peruvian National Party (PNP) since 2006, shared his thoughts on the country’s legislative agenda and priorities during a visit to the Dialogue on February 21. Following his opening remarks, Cynthia McClintock, a political science professor at George Washington University and leading authority on Peru, offered commentary before a wide-ranging exchange with participants.

February 19, 2013: Obama's State of the Union
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
After Barack Obama’s ambitious State of the Union speech a week ago, no one can justly accuse the US president of lacking a vision. Obama, more confident at the start of his second term, laid out a “wish list” of proposals.

February 19, 2013: El mensaje de la "unión" de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Después del ambicioso discurso del Estado de la Unión de Barack Obama, hace una semana, nadie puede acusar al presidente de los EE.UU. de la falta de visión. Obama, con más confianza en el inicio de su segundo mandato, expuso una "lista de deseos" de propuestas.

February 17, 2013: Venezuela después de Chávez
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Si Chávez volviera en gloria y majestad, con la integridad de su fuerza y su histrionismo, la situación de Venezuela saldría del ámbito de la política para ubicarse en el campo de los milagros y su análisis debiera ser entregado a ángeles y arcángeles que sí debieran saber de estos fenómenos.

February 11, 2013: Will the United States Overhaul its Immigration System?
By Ray Suarez, Dan Stein, Tamar Jacoby, and Jim Kolbe
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Barack Obama said Jan. 30 that he wants Congress to pass an immigration system overhaul in the first half of this year. Obama's comments came a day after he presented his plan for immigration reform and just after a bipartisan group of senators presented their own plan. What stands in the way of passing the legislation before July? Are the immigration reforms that would get through Congress likely to be significant enough to change the status quo? How might U.S. action on immigration affect the country's relations with Mexico and other Latin American nations?

February 8, 2013: Obama’s Second Term: Put Mexico and Brazil on the Agenda
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Although widely admired in Latin America, President Obama has so far ignored the region. But two of the region’s 33 countries surely demand a more strategic approach: Mexico and Brazil.

February 5, 2013: El gran paso con la reforma en EE.UU.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace sólo tres meses nadie creía que sería posible que el Congreso de EE. UU. aprobara una reforma migratoria integral en el corto plazo.

February 5, 2013: A big step for reform
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Just three months ago, no one believed that it would be possible for the US Congress to enact comprehensive immigration reform any time soon.

February 3, 2013: Colombia es el único caso exitoso
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Peter Hakim dice que el relativo buen resultado de la lucha de EE.UU. contra las drogas flota en medio de un mar de fracaso.

February 1, 2013: Have Prospects for U.S.-Mexican Relations Improved?
By Peter Hakim, Andrés Rozental, and Laura Carlsen
Source: Latin America Advisor
With a new administration in Mexico sworn in last month and a renewed mandate for Obama this year, have the prospects for U.S.-Mexico relations improved? What is on the horizon for U.S.-Mexican relations, and how might they change from recent years?

February 1, 2013: Shifting Fortunes: Brazil and Mexico in a Transformed Region (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Current History
Just as Mexico has shown signs of an upswing, Brazil seems to be facing mounting difficulties.

February 1, 2013: Latin America’s Inequality Success Story (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
Source: Current History
Inequality in Latin America has always been linked to the capture of the state by predatory elites, capital market imperfections, lack of access to credit for the poor, inequality of opportunities(in particular, in terms of access to high-quality education), labor market segmentation, and discrimination against women and non-whites.

January 31, 2013: Congressional Staff Roundtable: Colombia's Peace Process
By Peter Demers
With negotiations currently underway in Havana between the FARC and the Colombian government, the Dialogue will hold a Congressional staff roundtable on the country’s peace process with six highly respected and informed analysts and former government officials from Colombia.

January 24, 2013: Time for Obama to put LatAm back on the agenda
By Peter Hakim and Sergio Munoz Bata
Source: FT beyondbrics
Latin Americans still like and admire President Obama, yet they no longer expect much from him. But at least two of the region’s 33 countries demand a more strategic approach.

January 22, 2013: In Gratitude: Viron Peter Vaky (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
This commemorative booklet honors the life and work of long-time Dialogue senior fellow Viron Peter Vaky and features tributes from Jimmy Carter, Oscar Arias, Cesar Gaviria, Henry Kissinger, and Madeleine Albright, among others.

January 22, 2013: Prisms of Possibility: A Report Card on Education inJamaica 2012 (PDF)
By PREAL / CaPRI
We are pleased to share the first Report Card on Education in Jamaica produced by the Caribbean Policy Research Institute (CaPRI) in collaboration with PREAL. The report card highlights the achievements and challenges of the Jamaican education system in nine key areas, and offers a series of policy recommendations.

January 22, 2013: A Summary of Prisms of Possibility: A Report Card on Education in Jamaica (PDF)
By PREAL / CaPRI

January 22, 2013: A Second Term Agenda for Latin America
By Peter Hakim and Sergio Munoz Bata
Source: Infolatam
Latin America will have no place on the Obama agenda in the coming four years.

January 18, 2013: How 'Strategically Important' Is Latin America for China?
By Erik Bethel, Margaret Myers, and Sun Hongbo
China's ambassador to Chile, Yang Wanming, told newspaper China Daily that the Asian nation should look to Latin America to make up for declining demand from developed markets. Chinese exports to the region grew 12 to 15 percent last year, and it "is now a strategically important market," he said. How significant is Latin America as an export destination for China? Are business and government leaders actively looking to the region to expand trade? Where is the Chinese economy headed next year and in the mid-term, and how will that affect Latin America?

January 17, 2013: Latin America’s Role in RMB Internationalization (PDF)
By Jahangir Aziz
The Inter-American Dialogue is pleased to publish this issue brief prepared by Jahangir Aziz, Senior Asia Economist for JP Morgan Chase and former Principal Economic Advisor to India’s Ministry of Finance. Aziz was also previously head of the IMF’s China Division. An expert on Asian models of economic growth, Aziz has written extensively on China’s banking sector reforms and financial sector development. In this paper, the third in a series of economics briefs published by the Inter-American Dialogue’s China and Latin America Program, Aziz examines Latin America’s role in China’s renminbi (RMB) nternationalization process. He foresees low demand among Latin American nations for RMB-denominated transactions in coming years.

January 17, 2013: Policy Discussion and Book Launch: Illicit Commerce in the Americas
By Tim Heine
The Dialogue was please to host a policy discussion on illicit trafficking in the Western Hemisphere featuring Peter Andreas of Brown University’s Political Science Department and the Watson Institute for International Studies, Vanda Felbab-Brown of the Brookings Institution and Steven Dudley of InSight Crime and the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars.

January 15, 2013: Deepening the Relationship: Prospects for US-Brazil Commercial and Bilateral Ties
By Cameron Combs
What are the prospects for trade and the broader bilateral relationship between the hemisphere's two largest democracies?

January 15, 2013: Organized Crime and Insecurity in Belize (PDF)
By Julie López
In this working paper, López offers an in-depth look at the security landscape in Belize, a country too often ignored in regional policy discussions, but one which faces criminal challenges similar to those of its larger Central American neighbors.

January 11, 2013: Latin America’s Giants: Agreeing to Agree
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Back in 2010, the Brazilian and Mexican presidents were right to think that they had a win-win proposition when they agreed to pursue a "special economic pact.” Although negotiations stalled that year, the shifting fortunes of the two countries may have improved prospects for agreement.

January 10, 2013: 5 LGBT Trends to Watch For in the Americas in 2013
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: The Huffington Post
There was a time when the most important developments in LGBT rights occurred in North Atlantic countries, but since the late 2000s all of the Americas, not just the United States and Canada, have begun to set trends. As we look to 2013, here are some of the trends to follow in the hemisphere's struggle for LGBT rights.

January 5, 2013: Los miltares jugarán un papel crucial (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Mercurio
El experto en temas latinoamericanos cree que si los militantes de línea dura, tanto de gobierno como de oposición, ganan poder, puede haber problemas para la gobernabilidad del país.

January 4, 2013: How Are Mexico's Drug Trafficking Organizations Changing?
By Marcelo Bergman, Eric L. Olson, Steven Dudley, Douglas Farah, and Raúl Benítez Manaut
Source: Latin America Advisor
A new report from the Mexican government estimates that there are as many as 80 small- and medium-sized drug cartels in operation. In the previous report, the administration of then-President Felipe Calderón said eight large cartels were at work in Mexico, though it added that at least one of them had splintered into smaller factions. How are the size, make-up and landscape of drug cartels changing? Are different populations, sectors or businesses likely to be affected by the violence in 2013? Are Peña Nieto's planned European-style gendarmeries likely to succeed in reducing violence and other crimes?

January 4, 2013: Peace Now? Mexican Security Policy after Felipe Calderón (PDF)
By Alejandro Hope
After giving an overview of President Felipe Calderón's security approach, Hope outlines how his successor, Enrique Peña Nieto, will likely proceed within a country whose security has been fundamentally altered over the past six years.

January 3, 2013: A Era Pós-Chávez na Venezuela e América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Ao ganhar as eleições em 20 das 23 regiões nas quais se elegiam governadores na Venezuela, os partidários de Hugo Chávez não deixaram nenhuma dúvida de que o “chavismo” não acabará necessariamente com sua morte ou incapacidade.

January 3, 2013: Change Must Come Gradually
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New York Times
The path forward for Venezuela will require modest, incremental changes and compromise on both sides of a sharply polarized society.

January 3, 2013: La era Post-Chávez en Venezuela y América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Al ganar las elecciones en 20 de las 23 regiones en que se elegía gobernador en Venezuela, los partidarios de Hugo Chávez no dejaron ninguna duda de que el “chavismo” no terminará necesariamente por su muerte o incapacidad.

December 29, 2012: Latinoamérica dividida se reacomoda para 2013
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Las múltiples divisiones entre los países latinoamericanos tuvieron expresiones nuevas este ano. La elección presidencial en Estados Unidos puede haber sido -inesperadamente- también uno de los más importantes eventos para la región en 2012.

December 29, 2012: 2012: A Mixed Year for a Divided Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
The multiple, cross cutting divisions among the countries of Latin America took several new turns this year.US election—unexpectedly—also turned out to be one of the most important events for the region in 2012.

December 27, 2012: Will Obama Kick the Can Down the Road?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Ideele
After a seemingly endless and mostly unenlightening campaign, Barack Obama joined the exclusive club of two-term US presidents. He managed to avoid the fate of Jimmy Carter, who was denied a second term by Ronald Reagan in 1980, and George H. W. Bush (father), defeated by Bill Clinton in 1992.

December 26, 2012: The 2012 Gay Year in Review: The Top-20 Stories from the Americas
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: Americas Quarterly
In 2012 the Western Hemisphere continued to make headlines in terms of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) rights. Here is our list of the 20 most significant political stories on LGBT rights across the Americas.

December 26, 2012: Tratar uso de drogas como caso de polícia é inútil e desastroso
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Ex-presidente defende a descriminalização das drogas.

December 26, 2012: To treat drug use as a police matter is useless and disastrous
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
The former president advocates for decriminalization and health approach to drug use.

December 20, 2012: Would Chavismo Continue Without Chávez?
By Peter Hakim, Diego Arria, Cynthia Arnson, Bret Rosen, David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Earlier this month, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that his cancer had returned and urged supporters to back Vice President Nicolás Maduro in the event that he is forced to leave office. In regional elections on Sunday, Chávez allies trumped the opposition in 20 out of 23 gubernatorial races, though leading opposition figure Henrique Capriles was again elected governor of Miranda state. What are the likely outcomes if Chávez were to suddenly leave office? Is Capriles well-positioned to remain the top opposition leader? How would Maduro fare in a special election for the presidency against Henrique Capriles? What role did Chávez's health play in the regional elections, and how is it affecting the country's economic prospects?

December 17, 2012: Is the United States Losing Influence in Latin America?
By Arturo Valenzuela, Otto Reich, Donna Hrinak, and John Maisto
Source: Latin America Advisor
The trope that the United States is losing influence in the region is not only wrong, but misses the "the actual complexity (and yes, maturity) of U.S. diplomacy in the region today," former State Department official William McIlhenny argued in a Nov. 26 article for America's Quarterly. McIlhenny cited a number of positive developments in Latin America that have been advanced by a U.S. foreign policy that is "relevant to practical needs widely felt by other peoples-the way it should be." Is it time to rethink what U.S. "success" and "influence" in the region means, as McIlhenny suggests? Or are fears that the United States doesn't pay enough attention to the region and has lost its prominence well-founded? In addition to government, how do private sector and civil society initiatives factor in?

December 17, 2012: World Trends and the Future of Arab Latin-American Relations
By Sergio Bitar
Global power relations are shifting rapidly, creating new risks but also new opportunities. Arab and Latin American nations can anticipate those changes and benefit from them, and could start building new partnerships.

December 14, 2012: The Post-Chavez Era in Venezuela and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Gubernatorial elections in Venezuela left no doubt that `Chavismo,’ the populist, anti-American leader‘s special brand of politics, will not necessarily end with his death or incapacitation.

December 14, 2012: Bolivia's economy under Evo Morales
By Laura Zaccagnino
Juan Antonio Morales, president of the Central Bank of Bolivia for over a decade (1995-2006), and Ronald MacLean Abaroa, former Bolivian minister of finance and mayor of La Paz, shared their thoughts on the state of the Bolivian economy, prospects for growth and poverty reduction and the impact of the government’s economic agenda.

December 12, 2012: Chávez Stays, Again (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: The International Spectator
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez fended off a spirited challenge by Governor Henrique Capriles this fall. But continuing questions about Chavez's health and the country's dismal governance suggest that change may be coming soon. Looking ahead, the opposition will need to address concerns by the very poor that social spending will dry up if Chávez is no longer in office. Meanwhile, political differences and power struggles, and a sense of demoralization, risk undermining Capriles’ diverse coalition. The regional scenario would look very different without Chávez. External players should restrain from meddling during this period of uncertainty. Instead, support should focus on trying to ensure that Venezuelans continue to rely on the ballot box in determining the course of a country facing so many daunting problems.

December 12, 2012: La OEA, en problemas, otra vez
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
De acuerdo a un grupo de cuatro influyentes senadores, la Organización de Estados Americanos está “cayendo en una parálisis administrativa y financiera” que amenaza con condenarla a la “irrelevancia.”

December 11, 2012: El juicio de la haya: Escenarios y agenda del futuro (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Revista Mensaje
Nuestro país ha hecho su mejor esfuerzo por argumentar ante el Tribunal de la Haya las razones por las que creemos que la demanda peruana es infundada. Es un tema que hemos abordado como política de Estado. En todos los momentos del juicio ha existido una comunicación fluida entre las distintas fuerzas políticas y el Gobierno (el anterior y el actual), y ha existido un consenso respecto del procedimiento, argumentación y calidad del trabajo efectuado por nuestro país.

December 10, 2012: The State of the Region: Findings of the AmericasBarometer 2012 Survey (PDF)
By Laura Zaccagnino
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Inter-American Dialogue co-hosted a policy discussion on the findings of the newly completed AmericasBarometer 2012 survey.

December 7, 2012: Security in Nicaragua: Central America's Exception? (PDF)
By Roberto Cajina
During the past four decades of the twentieth century, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala experienced civil wars that differed in their nature, intensity, and duration. Following peace, criminal violence took hold in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras,— but not in Nicaragua, which has managed to maintain relatively low levels of insecurity in a region that has been cited as “the most violent in the world.” Why? What factors account for this difference? Was the upsurge of criminal violence an unprecedented phenomenon in the Northern Triangle? Have the countries of the Southern Triangle stood apart from such violence? These are some of the questions that this paper seeks to answer.

December 7, 2012: Seguridad en Nicaragua: ¿la excepción en Centroamérica? (PDF)
By Roberto Cajina
En las últimas cuatro décadas del siglo pasado, Nicaragua, El Salvador y Guatemala vivieron guerras civiles de naturaleza, intensidad y duración distintas. Después de la firma de la paz, la violencia delictiva se apoderé de El Salvador y Guatemala, además de Honduras, mas no así de Nicaragua, que ha logrado mantener niveles relativamente bajos de inseguridad en una región que, se asegura, es “la más violenta del mundo”. ¿Por qué? ¿Qué factores marcaron la diferencia? ¿Fue la irrupción de la violencia delictiva un fenómeno inédito en el Triángulo Norte? ¿Han estado los países del Triángulo Sur ajenos a la violencia? ¿Es este fenómeno algo nuevo en los países del istmo? Estas son algunas de las preguntas que este ensayo busca responder.

December 7, 2012: Capitalizing on the China Cycle: Time is Running Out for Latin America (PDF)
By Kevin P. Gallagher
This paper on commodities-related trends in Latin America is the second in a series of economics briefs that will be published by the Inter American Dialogue’s China and Latin America program in coming months. China’s slowing growth, its proposed “economic transformation,” and its commitment to deeper economic integration with Latin America are changing the landscape of Sino-Latin economic engagement. Latin American nations, meanwhile, have adopted strikingly different approaches to managing China’s expanding economic influence in the region. The Dialogue’s China and Latin America economics briefs will address areas of emerging interest at this pivotal moment in China-Latin America economic relations. The first brief in this series, “China’s Free Trade Agreements in South America” by Carol Wise, was published in November.

December 5, 2012: Colombia-Nicaragua ICJ Case Tests Region's Crisis Resolution Mechanisms
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: World Politics Review
Latin America prides itself on being a peaceful region -- and with good reason. It is surprising, then, that border disputes continually bedevil the region. Many of these tensions remain unresolved, and when they surface, as in the example of the Nov. 19 ruling by the International Court of Justice on the case between Colombia and Nicaragua, there can be huge, often unexpected, ramifications.

December 3, 2012: Will Correa Coast to Victory in Ecuador's 2013 Elections?
By Walter Spurrier, Michael Shifter, Marc Becker, and Andrés Mejía Acosta
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, who formally launched his bid for a third term last month, is polling well ahead of his opponents in advance of the Feb. 17 election. Do any of Correa's rivals stand a chance of defeating him? What issues will matter to Ecuadoreans when they go to the polls? What would Correa seek to do in a third term?

November 30, 2012: The OAS in Trouble, Again
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
The OAS is poorly managed, its finances are precarious, and it lacks a guiding vision. It is, however, is fundamental to US diplomacy in this hemisphere, and the US should take a more active role in salvaging the institution.

November 30, 2012: Why Are U.S. Lawmakers Coming Down So Hard on the OAS?
By Harriet Babbitt, Paul Durand, Jorge Heine, Claude Heller, Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Organization of American States is "sliding into an administrative and financial paralysis" that is threatening to condemn it to "irrelevance," U.S. Senators John Kerry, Richard Lugar, Robert Menendez and Marco Rubio of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee wrote in a Nov. 14 letter to the chairman of the OAS' Permanent Council. The senators said the OAS lacks a strategic focus, is too reluctant to make difficult financial decisions and is beset by "capriciously destructive personnel policies." Are the charges fair? What steps should the OAS take to strengthen itself? How successfully has Secretary General José Miguel Insulza led the organization? Why are the US lawmakers coming down so hard on the OAS?

November 30, 2012: ¿Servirán en Chile las penas sustitutivas?
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio
¿Qué importancia hay que otorgar a las penas sustitutivas en el contexto del sistema de cumplimiento penal? ¿Servirán para reducir el número de reclusos, el hacinamiento, favorecer la rehabilitación y disminuir la reincidencia? ¿Ayudarán a reducir los delitos?

November 28, 2012: Y después de La Haya ¿qué?
By Ignacio Walker y Hernán Larraín
Source: El Mercurio
Las relaciones entre Chile y Perú se han visto marcadas este último tiempo por la demanda limítrofe presentada ante la Corte Internacional de Justicia, y que entrará en su fase oral en las próximas semanas. Sin embargo, hoy se torna muy importante comenzar a delinear una estrategia con miras a abordar la continuidad de las mismas una vez que el litigio haya concluido.

November 27, 2012: Los pasos de Colombia en la Haya
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nada tiene tanto éxito en unir una nación -y en trascender las fuertes diferencias políticas- que las disputas por un territorio nacional.

November 27, 2012: Colombia's Steps at the Hague
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nothing succeeds in bringing a nation together -- and in transcending sharp political differences -- than disputes over national territory.

November 27, 2012: Bolivia's Constitution and Human Rights: A Conversation with Dr. Hector Arce Zaconeta
By Cameron Combs
The Dialogue was delighted to host a discussion with Dr. Hector Arce Zaconeta, a leading member of Bolivia’s Chamber of Deputies from the MAS (Movimiento al Socialismo) party.

November 27, 2012: Ahora, Obama puede atender más a la región
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Clarín
Casi sin aviso, temas que durante mucho tiempo figuraron en el orden del día entre Estados Unidos y América Latina reviven, ahora que Barack Obama encara su segundo mandato. La inmigración, Cuba, y las drogas siempre tuvieron una dosis excepcionalmente alta de política interna, y todavía la tienen, pero los resultados de las recientes elecciones estadounidenses indican que los obstáculos para el avance podrían estar cediendo.

November 27, 2012: Now, Obama Can Focus More on the Region
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Clarín
Almost without warning, issues that have long been on the agenda between the US and Latin America are alive again as Barack Obama looks to his second term. Immigration, Cuba, and drugs have always had an unusually high dose of domestic politics, and they still do, but results of the recent US elections suggest that obstacles to progress may be easing.

November 27, 2012: Sea Change in Spain
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Latin America's economic growth and Europe's debt crisis have turned Ibero-American relations upside down.

November 26, 2012: Las políticas de Europa y de Estados Unidos convergen en América Latina (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Fundación EU-LAC, Actas del Seminario EU-LAC/GIGA, 17 y 18 de septiembre de 2012, Hamburgo
Las relaciones de los Estado Unidos y de la Unión Europea con América Latina han sido asombrosamente similares, y continúan convergiendo.

November 26, 2012: European and US Policies Converge in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Fundación EU-LAC, Remarks at the Seminario EU-LAC/GIGA, 17 &18 of September 2012, Hamburg
Despite the many reasons for divergent approaches to Latin America, the US and EU relationships with Latin America turn out to be strikingly similar, and they are continuing to converge.

November 26, 2012: Won't You Be My Neighbor?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Policy
When the leaders of Mexico and the United States meet for the first time, they'll have a chance to make real progress on issues that have been stalled for decades.

November 25, 2012: ¿Qué se juega en la Haya?
By Ignacio Walker and Hernán Larraín
Source: El Mercurio
Una sola es la cuestión central que se discute en La Haya: la existencia de un límite marítimo, y la vigencia de los tratados que le sirven de fundamento. En nota diplomática de 2000 dirigida a Chile, el Perú sostiene que no existe tal límite. Por nuestra parte, conforme a la continuidad histórica y jurídica de la política exterior chilena, entendida como política de Estado, sostenemos enfáticamente que sí existe límite marítimo y que éste está dado por el paralelo geográfico, conforme a los tratados celebrados entre Chile, Perú y Ecuador.

November 16, 2012: Where Is the Drug Policy Debate Headed Next?
By Ray Walser, Peter Hakim, Kimberly Covington, Andrés Rozental
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colorado and Washington state passed measures legalizing recreational marijuana in the United States' Nov. 6 election. Where does the debate about drug policy in the United States and in the region appear to be headed?

November 15, 2012: New U.S. Drug Laws Create 'Huge Problem' for Mexico: Ambassador
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The legalization of recreational marijuana on ballot measures in Colorado and Washington last week present "a huge problem" for the Mexican government's effort to rally public support for the country's deadly war on drugs, Mexican Ambassador Arturo Sarukhan said Wednesday.

November 14, 2012: Mexico-US Relations and Hemispheric Challenges: A Conversation with Ambassador Arturo Sarukhan
By Rachel Sadon
The Dialogue was pleased to host Arturo Sarukhan, Mexico's ambassador to the United States, who reflected on the US-Mexico relationship.

November 12, 2012: China's Free Trade Agreements in South America
By Carol Wise
Wise’s paper on China’s free trade agreements with Chile and Peru is the first in a series of economics briefs that will published by the Inter-American Dialogue’s China and Latin America Program in coming months. China’s slowing growth, its proposed “economic transformation,” and its commitment to deeper economic integration with Latin America are changing the landscape of China-Latin America economic engagement. Latin American nations, meanwhile, have adopted strikingly different approaches to managing China’s expanding economic influence in the region. The Dialogue’s China and Latin America economics briefs will address areas of emerging interest at this pivotal moment in China-Latin America economic relations.

November 9, 2012: How Immigration Reform Became Respectable
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
In an otherwise skillfully run campaign, Mitt Romney and his advisers somehow failed to take note of the country’s demographic transformation of in recent years. It was an error that cost may have cost them the election. Romney and other Republican candidates not only ignored Latinos, but at times actively offended them by the tone and substance of their views on immigration.

November 9, 2012: Is Freedom of the Press Under Threat in Latin America?
By Viviana Giacaman, Benoit Hervieu, and Scott Griffen
Source: Latin America Advisor
Press freedom has been in the headlines recently, as a Bolivian radio journalist was set on fire in a brutal attack last month, and Mexico's government in July said that 67 journalists have been killed and 14 disappeared in the country since 2006. Meanwhile, critics have charged that the press is under siege in Argentina, where the government passed a controversial law that will break up Grupo Clarín, a leading media conglomerate it considers an opponent. Is press freedom seriously jeopardized in these countries or elsewhere in the region? What implications does it have for the state of democracy? Should regional bodies or other organizations be taking action? If so, how?

November 8, 2012: Land Restitution and Rural Development in Colombia: A Conversation with Minister of Agriculture Juan Camilo Restrepo
By Cameron Combs
Armed conflict has displaced millions of Colombians over the past thirty years, a legacy the government of Juan Manuel Santos sought to remedy by passing landmark legislation addressing land restitution and victims’ rights. Minister Juan Camilo Restrepo, who served as minister of the economy and minister of energy and mines under previous administrations, commented on the implementation of this important and complex law in light of the negotiations underway between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

November 8, 2012: The Difficulties of a Peace Deal
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Política Exterior
Can President Juan Manual Santos apply Colombia’s experience negotiating with armed groups to bring the hemisphere’s longest internal conflict to an end?

November 8, 2012: What Will Obama's Second Term Mean for Latin America?
By Peter Hakim, Andrés Rozental, Rubens Barbosa, Riordan Roett, Ruben Olmos
Source: Latin America Advisor

November 8, 2012: 4 años más de gobierno Obama: ¿Más de lo mismo con América Latina?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perspectiva
Yo creo que uno de los temas, que no es precisamente de política hacia América Latina, pero que está relacionado y es muy importante para la región, y en el que sí puede haber un cambio, es el tema migratorio.

November 8, 2012: La paradoja de pactar (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Política Exterior
¿Podrá Santos aplicar la experiencia de Colombia en la negociación con grupos armados para poner fin al conflicto interno más antiguo de América? Si bien los colombianos desean alcanzar la paz, no son muchos los dispuestos a conceder el perdón a las FARC.

November 7, 2012: Irán será el principal reto para Obama en política exterior: Interview with Michael Shifter (PDF)
By Alejandro Tapia
Michael Shifter es el presidente de Diálogo Interamericano, profesor de política latinoamericana de la U. de Georgetown y uno de los más agudos cientistas políticos de Estados Unidos. Y no sólo posee un máster en sociología en Harvard, sino que sus análisis los publica en la prestigiosa revista Foreign Policy. En conversación con La Tercera, Shifter desmenuza las elecciones norteamericanas y los temas que enfrentará Obama en materia internacional.

November 7, 2012: Deciphering Obama’s Victory—and Second Term Agenda
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
More than anything else, President Obama's narrow victory confirmed once again how deeply divided the voting public is in the United States.

November 7, 2012: Por qué ganó Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Más que ninguna otra cosa, la estrecha victoria del presidente confirma una vez más cuan profundamente dividido está el voto público en los Estados Unidos.

November 6, 2012: Beyond the Elections
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo

November 5, 2012: Land of the Lost
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Latin Americans may prefer Barack Obama over Mitt Romney, but few believe either candidate will pay the region the attention it deserves.

November 5, 2012: La política exterior de EUA solo es importante en temas con fuerte contenido doméstico
By Peter Hakim (Interviewed by Hector Silva)
Conversación sobre la elección presidencial, sobre la ausencia de América Latina en las narrativas de campaña de Barack Obama y de Mitt Romney y sobre algunos cambios que, a su juicio, podría promover el próximo inquilino de la Casa Blanca.

November 5, 2012: Gane quien gane, política de E.U. no cambiará tanto
By Michael Shifter
“Falta una mayor actitud de reconocimiento de Estados Unidos hacia América Latina como oportunidad de mercado”. La categórica afirmación es de Michael Shifter, una de las voces más respetadas en Washington en asuntos del hemisferio occidental y presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, uno de los ‘think-tank’ (tanque de pensamiento) más reconocidos de Estados Unidos y quien visitó por primera vez a Medellín.

November 2, 2012: Then and Now: Racial Discrimination and Inequality in Latin America
By Dana Preston
Despite a veneer of racial tolerance in Latin America, customary law and practice has perpetuated racial inequality across the region, according to Tanya Hernández, professor of law at Fordham University. Hernández spoke at the Dialogue on November 2 to launch her latest book, Then and Now: Racial Discrimination and Inequality in Latin America. Accompanied by Judith Morrison, senior advisor for Gender and Diversity at the Inter-American Development Bank, Hernández argued that both law and practice have discriminated against the region’s 150 million Afro-descendants

November 1, 2012: Will Affirmative Action in Brazilian Universities Aid Equality?
By Leandro Tessler, José Goldemberg, Tanya Katerí Hernández
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Brazilian government earlier this year passed a law that aims to reverse income and racial inequality by requiring public universities to reserve half of their admission spots for students from public schools, with a proportional number from the historically marginalized afro-Brazilian, mestizo and indigenous populations in each state. Will the new law dramatically reduce the country's notable inequality, as supporters assert? Or will it put a 'straitjacket' on universities, as a senator who voted against the bill claims? What role does higher education play in Brazil's social and economic development? Does Brazil's debate over affirmative action have implications for other countries in the region?

November 1, 2012: Elecciones en EEUU: no vienen cambios para AL
By Carlos F. Chamorro & Michael Shifter
La omisión de México en el último debate presidencial, entre Obama y Rommey sobre política exterior en Estados Unidos, le resulta inconcebible a Michael Shifter, director del Diálogo Interamericano, quien no espera cambios en las relaciones con América Latina, “tal vez únicamente en los matices y la retórica”, después de la reñida elección del seis de noviembre.

October 29, 2012: China acecha a Colombia y reta a Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Aunque se mantiene una relación de confianza entre Estados Unidos y Colombia, China pronto será el segundo socio más grande del país.

October 29, 2012: China Engages Colombia, Challenges the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Although a special relationship remains between the United States and Colombia, China will soon be the country's second-largest partner.

October 26, 2012: Will America Look South? US Policy in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Royal United Services Institute
In the final presidential debate, Latin Americans understandably took note when Governor Mitt Romney emphasised that the region represented a 'huge opportunity' for expanded trade with the United States. President Barack Obama's omission of Latin America in his list of regions where relations with the US had improved in the past several years set off a burst of tweets among Latin Americans.

October 26, 2012: The final lap
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo

October 25, 2012: What Would a Romney Victory Mean for Trade With the Region?
By Roger Noriega, Ted Piccone, Andrés Rozental, Stephen Johnson, Michael Allion
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. presidential candidate Mitt Romney said in his second debate with President Barack Obama that he would 'dramatically expand trade in Latin America' as part of his plan to improve the American economy. What would a Romney administration mean for economic relations with the region? Could he successfully forge new free-trade agreements with Latin America? How would a Romney victory alter the United States' relations with the region?

October 24, 2012: Who Are the Big Winners & Losers in Brazil's Local Elections?
By Peter Hakim, Carlos Eduardo Lins da Silva, João Augusto de Castro Neves, Paulo Sotero
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilians went to the polls Oct. 7 to choose mayors and other local officials in the first round of the country's municipal elections. Who were the big winners and big losers in the municipal elections? What effect will the municipal elections have on national politics in Brazil?

October 24, 2012: The Market for Money Transfers: Ranking of Remittance Service Providers in Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
These results are based on research of nearly 50 remittance service providers working in the US to Latin America and Caribbean corridors. Of these, data was fully collected for 37 of them. These companies hold over 90% of flows to Latin America and the Caribbean.

October 22, 2012: Discordância Interamericana: Brasil e Estados Unidos
By Peter Hakim
Source: IPEA Boletim de Economia e Política Internacional
Mas o problema central para as relações Brasil-Estados Unidos não tem sido suas discordâncias, e sim a incapacidade de encontrar áreas de concerto. Uma relação melhor e mais produtiva entre Brasil e Estados Unidos exigirá que ambos identifiquem agendas e objetivos em que estejam dispostos a se comprometerem com cooperação sustentada de longo prazo. Por enquanto, eles parecem confortáveis com a manutenção do status quo em suas relações bilaterais.

October 22, 2012: Inter-American Discord: Brazil and the United States
By Peter Hakim
Source: IPEA Boletim de Economia e Política Internacional
The central problem for Brazil-US relations has not been their disagreements - it has been their inability to find areas of agreement. An improved, more productive US-Brazilian relationship will require the two countries to identify issues and goals on which they are willing to commit themselves to sustained long-term cooperation. But, for now, both nations seem comfortable with maintaining the status quom in their bilateral relations.

October 19, 2012: 2011 Program Report (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
A summary overview of the Inter-American Dialogue's work in 2011.

October 12, 2012: Chávez Win Warrants Closer Look at Venezuelan Oil Policy
By Alexis Arthur
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
For many observers, speculation over the future of PDVSA ended with the victory of President Hugo Chávez in Sunday's elections. Now that Chávez has comfortably secured another six years in office, there is a general assumption that the oil industry is also headed for more of the same.

October 11, 2012: Romney cresce após estreitar diferenças políticas comObama (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo

October 8, 2012: El dinero no garantiza una educación de calidad (PDF)
By Nadia Zamora Freire
EN ESPERA de que le dieran una respuesta sobre su vuelo de regreso a Washington (Estados Unidos) e indicando que es viajero frecuente, se encontraba Jeffrey M. Puryear, codirector del Programa de Promoción Educativa en América Latina y el Caribe (Preal), antes de esta entrevista. Su cargo y sus múltiples viajes por Latinoamérica han dejado su huella: Su español es casi perfecto, y, aunque el acento se percibe, sus construcciones gramaticales son muy buenas...

October 8, 2012: Venezuela's Next Inning
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Chávez may have won another election, but it's the opposition that should be celebrating.

October 8, 2012: Editorial: Los resultados
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual
Bueno, perdimos. Es duro de reconocer pero los hechos son los hechos. Chávez tiene en principio seis años más de poder, otorgado por una mayoría relativamente estrecha de venezolanos. Pero la oposición venezolana dio un gigantesco paso hacia el futuro.

October 7, 2012: Venezuela already took a step forward
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chavez is far from the candidate he was six years ago. In 2006, he soundly defeated his opposition challenger Manual Rosales. Chavez was then in sound health, his rhetorical powers were at their height, and he had ample resources thanks to high oil prices.

October 7, 2012: Venezuela ya dio un paso adelante
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chávez está lejos de ser el candidato que era hace seis años. En 2006, cuando derrotó a su opositor Manuel Rosales, Chávez se encontraba en buena salud, sus poderes retóricos estaban en su apogeo, y tenía amplios recursos gracias a los precios altos del petróleo. Él se aprovechó, hábilmente, de una oposición inepta y desorganizada, y se benefició de dos personas: el presidente de Estados Unidos, George W. Bush, y el presidente colombiano Álvaro Uribe. Ambos presidentes jugaron duro y encajaron perfectamente en el estilo de confrontación de Chávez.

October 5, 2012: Some Justified Optimism in Mexico
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
As Mexico approaches the December 1 inauguration of its new president Enrique Peña Nieto, things are looking up. Though there the new government will face substantial challenges, Mexicans have tangible grounds for optimism, particularly about progress on critical reforms.

October 5, 2012: Ecuadorean Gov't Committed to Landmark Conservation Project
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
The Ecuadorean government has raised around $200 million for a landmark conservation project and is committed to raising the funds necessary to reach its $3.6 billion goal by 2024, Ivonne Baki, secretary of state for the Yasuní-ITT Initiative, told the Energy Advisor this week.

October 2, 2012: La mejor estrategia es estar al margen
By Peter Hakim
Hakim comenta en el rol de los EEUU en las elecciones venezolanas e las implicaciones para las relaciones entre los dos países.

October 1, 2012: Foreign Policy and the US Elections
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
The US presidential elections are six weeks away. President Barack Obama has begun to build an advantage in most of the decisive swing states, including Ohio, Virginia and Florida.

October 1, 2012: Es muy difícil hablar ahora de la década de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter habló con Portafolio sobre el panorama de la región, la desaceleración de la economía brasileña y el ascenso de México, las elecciones en Estados Unidos y Venezuela y el buen momento de Colombia.

September 28, 2012: A Conversation with the Attorney General of the Republic of Ecuador, Diego García
By Cameron Combs
Ecuador’s attorney general Diego García visited the Dialogue to answer questions regarding the legal defense of the country in international disputes. His argument was straightforward: Ecuador respects its international obligations, but uses all of the available legal tools to defend itself and its national interests.

September 27, 2012: Política exterior de Chile hacia África
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio
Mi viaje a África para entrevistar a líderes que hicieron transiciones a la democracia me ha permitido analizar el futuro de esta región y reflexionar sobre nuestros intereses en esta área del mundo. He estado en Accra (Ghana), Johannesburgo y Ciudad del Cabo (Sudáfrica), y Addis Abeba (Etiopía), donde está la sede de la Unión Africana.

September 25, 2012: What Will it Take for Brazil to Regain its Economic Vigor?
By Sharon McCoy
Though optimistic about the ability of the Brazilian government to recapture the country’s strong economic growth, Deborah Wetzel, World Bank country director for Brazil, remained cautious in the face of several institutional and fiscal challenges.

September 25, 2012: Latin America: A Region in Transition
By Mary Dempsey
The United States is not adequately supporting human rights, peace and sustainable economic growth in Latin America—and is unlikely to do so in the near term, former US President Jimmy Carter told participants at the XVI Annual Conference of CAF-the Development Bank of Latin America.

September 25, 2012: Democracy in Progress: El Salvador's Unfinished Transition
By Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics Review
Perhaps no contemporary political figure is more emblematic of where El Salvador stands 20 years after the end of its bloody armed conflict than the country’s current president, Mauricio Funes. In winning the 2009 election, Funes became the first president elected from the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), the political offshoot of El Salvador’s guerrilla insurgency, breaking the 20-year reign of the right-wing Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA).

September 25, 2012: The Mercosul's Rush to Judgement
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazil’s reaction to the events in Paraguay seemed unusually passive. It is puzzling why Latin America’s regional power failed to take more initiative and pursue an approach that was more clearly consistent with the democratic practices that Brazil asserted it was seeking to uphold.

September 25, 2012: O julgamento apressado do Mercosul
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A reação do Brasil aos acontecimentos no Paraguai pareceu extraordinariamente passiva. É curioso que a mais importante potência regional da América Latina tenha falhado em tomar mais iniciativa e adotar uma atitude que fosse mais claramente consistente com as práticas democráticas que o Brasil afirmou estar buscando sustentar.

September 21, 2012: Chinese Trade and Investment in Latin America: Perspectives from Colombia and Ecuador
By Margaret Myers
Colombia and Ecuador have strikingly different relationships with China, explained Paulina Durango and Ricardo Duarte during an event at the Inter-American Dialogue on September 21, 2012.

September 21, 2012: Arrest of Drug Lord Aimed at Political Gain in Venezuela: Uribe
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The capture of the alleged Colombian drug lord Daniel "el loco" Barrera earlier this week was aimed at political gain in Venezuela, former President Álvaro Uribe said Thursday at the Bipartisan Policy Center. Implying that Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez stood to benefit in the country's Oct. 7 presidential race from Barrera's apprehension, Uribe asked: "Why didn't Chávez arrest 'loco Barrera' in the last four or five years - why only now on the eve of the elections?"

September 21, 2012: Venezuela in Mercosur. What was Brazil Thinking?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Venezuela was formally incorporated into the Mercosur trade group on July 31. What made the Brazil government so eager to bring Venezuela into Mercosur remains a puzzle. Brazilian officials have made their case mostly on economic grounds, but the costs of bringing Venezuela into Mercosur could well turn out to be higher than the benefits.

September 18, 2012: La apuesta por la paz en Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hay tantas razones para estar lleno de esperanza, así como de escepticismo, de que las conversaciones de paz anunciadas recientemente entre el Gobierno colombiano y las Farc llevará el conflicto armado que padece el país, desde hace mucho tiempo, a su fin.

September 18, 2012: Betting on peace in Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
There are as many reasons to be hopeful as there are to be skeptical that the recently announced peace talks between the Colombian government and the FARC will bring the country’s longstanding armed conflict to an end.

September 18, 2012: Are Mexican Factories Gaining an Upper Hand Against China's?
By Andrés Rozental, Margaret Myers, James R. Jones, Felipe Canales
Source: Latin America Advisor
With the rising cost of wages in China, manufacturers are increasingly considering Mexico an attractive location to 'reshore' production, McClatchy reported Sept. 10. Is Mexico gaining a competitive edge over China in terms of manufacturing? Or will other low-wage countries come to replace both China and Mexico as manufacturing destinations? What are the challenges and benefits of moving production facilities to Mexico? Can Mexico leverage the low cost of wages into more sustainable growth?

September 16, 2012: "For the United States, Brazil was a Cold War battleground"
By Peter Bell
The Brazil Office of the Ford Foundation was established early in the Foundation’s work in Latin America. At the time, the Foundation viewed itself primarily as making grants to advance Brazilian development through institutional support for programs in higher education and research.

September 14, 2012: Panama: Beyond the Canal
By Rachel Schwartz
On September 14, 2012, the Dialogue and CSIS co-sponsored a conversation on Panama's current reality and challenges, featuring distinguished members of Panama's government and private sector.

September 13, 2012: The Press and Electoral Politics in Venezuela
By Dana Preston
On Thursday, September 13th, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation on the press and upcoming elections in Venezuela. The discussion marked the recent launch of a special report on press freedom in Venezuela published by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).

September 13, 2012: Chávez's Last Crusade
By Boris Muñoz
Source: Commentary at Sept. 13 Dialogue Event "The Press and Electoral Politics in Venezuela"
If I occasionally scratch my head during this presentation, it’s because it’s really hard to figure out what is going to happen in Venezuela in three weeks.

September 12, 2012: Human rights in Colombia: Book Launch of "Throwing Stones at the Moon"
By Laura Zaccagnino
At a recent discussion held at the Inter-American Dialogue on the human rights crisis in Colombia and prospects for peace, the tone was one of “cautious optimism.” The August 12 event marked the launch of "Throwing Stones at the Moon: Narratives from Colombians Displaced by Violence (Voice of Witness)," a set of oral histories that capture the phenomenon of forced displacement among Colombian peasants.

September 7, 2012: Colombia's Peace Process
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has taken a big gamble in launching negotiations to end the country’s half century of guerrilla warfare. The time has come for a resolute effort to achieve peace in Colombia, and there are reasons to be hopeful of success—although probably not quickly.

September 7, 2012: U.S. Lacks Credibility on Cuba, Should End Embargo: Carter
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The United States should end its embargo against Cuba and seek constructive dialogue with the Caribbean nation, former U.S. President Jimmy Carter said Thursday. "We should all continue to press the Cuban government to respect individual rights and more political openness, but the embargo undermines any credibility that [the United States] has in calling for improvements in Cuba."

September 7, 2012: Conditions Favorable for Colombia Peace Talks
By Catherine Cheney
Source: World Politics Review
Colombia and the leftist rebel group the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) announced Tuesday that they had signed an agreement to launch peace negotiations. Chile and Venezuela will be observers at the talks, which will begin in Oslo, Norway, and continue in Havana, Cuba.

September 6, 2012: Perspectives on Inter-American Relations
By President Jimmy Carter
Source: Former Member of the Inter-American Dialogue
Fairness and human rights. These are basic qualities in both human and international relations. We may have different visions of how to address the fundamental challenges facing us, but we will never be able to address them satisfactorily unless we return to basic civility and a willingness to cooperate to find solutions based on common values. We must begin with a concern for the most vulnerable among us and a commitment to treat each individual with equity and fairness. This will provide in our western hemisphere a bright future – to all of us.

September 4, 2012: What do Cabinet Changes & FARC Talks Mean for Colombia?
By Michael Shifter, Fernando Cepeda Ulloa, Marc Chernik, Juan David Escobar Valencia, Silke Pfeiffer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos on Aug. 23 named Mauricio Cárdenas, who had been heading the country's Energy Ministry, as finance minister. The move came amid a shakeup in which Santos asked his entire 16-member cabinet to resign, a not unusual practice in many countries of the region. Why did Santos call for the cabinet shakeup now? What are the most important tasks Cárdenas now faces and how will he handle them? Will the cabinet shakeup boost Santos' approval ratings? What will come of the Colombian government's newly announced talks with the FARC?

August 31, 2012: Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Uruguay (PDF)
By Marisa Bucheli, Nora Lustig, Maximo Rossi and Florencia Amábile
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
How much redistribution does Uruguay accomplish through social spending and taxes? How progressive are revenue collection and social spending? A standard fiscal incidence analysis shows that Uruguay achieves a nontrivial reduction in inequality and poverty when all taxes and transfers are combined. In comparison with other five countries in Latin America, it ranks first (poverty reduction) and second (inequality reduction), and first in terms of poverty reduction effectiveness and third in terms of overall (including transfers in kind) inequality reduction effectiveness.

August 29, 2012: Women’s economic contributions in Latin America and the Caribbean: policy recommendations for equity and growth
By Dana Preston
On Wednesday, August 29th the Inter-American Dialogue was pleased to hold an event to discuss the World Bank’s most recent study on gender in Latin America, "Smart Economics in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Multiplier Effect on Women’s Economic Power."

August 28, 2012: El Juego Político de Correa
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La semana pasada, los británicos y el resto del mundo recibieron un sabor del conocido balcanazo latinoamericano. El fundador de Wikileaks, Julian Assange, que habló desde la embajada de Ecuador en Londres, agradeció públicamente el presidente Rafael Correa por concederle asilo.

August 28, 2012: Correa's Political Game
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Last week the British and the rest of the world got a taste of the familiar Latin American balcanazo. Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, speaking from the Ecuadoran embassy in London, publicly thanked president Rafael Correa for granting him asylum.

August 27, 2012: The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results (PDF)
By Nora Lustig et al.
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Nora Lustig's research team apply a standard tax and benefi t incidence analysis to estimate the impact on inequality and poverty of direct taxes, indirect taxes and subsidies, and social spending (cash and food transfers and in-kind transfers in education and health).

August 24, 2012: In-Depth on Argentina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
As Argentina's economy falters, some economists worry it may face another economic crisis. Combined with declining popular support for the President, the country is headed on a shaky path and the future remains unclear.

August 23, 2012: Structural change for equality in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Alicia Bárcena
Source: ECLAC
In 2010, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) sent out a clear message to the region. We said that it was time for equality, which meant full entitlement to rights for everyone.

August 22, 2012: What Are the Implications of a Proposed Nicaragua Canal?
By Nicolás Ardito Barletta, Mario Arana, Joaquín Jácome Diez, Carlos Fernando Chamorro
Source: Latin America Advisor
Two Dutch companies said in late July that they had won a contract from Nicaragua's government for a feasibility study of a transportation project to rival the Panama Canal. What would be the economic risks and gains of building a canal across Nicaragua?

August 21, 2012: Colombia's Security Outlook (PDF)
By Joachim Bamrud
Sunday’s attack against the Transandina pipeline in Colombia, which forced the state oil giant Ecopetrol to suspend production, was likely done by the country’s FARC insurgents and followed several other similar attacks in recent days. FARC is also blamed for several attacks on energy infrastructure targets in south-west Colombia, including electricity installations near Tumaco last week that led to give deaths.

August 20, 2012: US-Mexico Commission
By Kimberly Covington
On August 20, the Inter-American Dialogue held a meeting of its US-Mexico Commission, which discussed how to improve bilateral cooperation on key areas such as trade, immigration, and security.

August 14, 2012: 25 Years Since the Esquipulas Agreement: Opportunities and Challenges in Central America
By Rachel Schwartz
On August 7, 1987 in Esquipulas, Guatemala, the presidents of five Central American countries signed an agreement to end the civil conflicts in the region and promote national reconciliation and democracy. To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the agreements, distinguished speakers reviewed Central America’s progress toward realizing their aims and discussed the central challenges that remain. Former presidents Vinicio Cerezo of Guatemala and Oscar Arias of Costa Rica discussed the lead-up to the agreement and its legacy. The event also included a panel discussion featuring Eduardo Stein, former vice president of Guatemala; Michael Barnes, former chair of the House Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs; Arturo Cruz, former ambassador of Nicaragua to the United States; and Cynthia Arnson, director of the Latin America Program at the Woodrow Wilson Center.

August 8, 2012: Latin Countries Outpacing Peers in Education Advances
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Latin American Advisor
A recent Harvard University study found that Chile and Brazil are among the three countries that have raised student learning at the fastest rate between 1995 and 2011 (Latvia was the third). Each improved three times faster than the average of the 49 countries included in the study. Colombia was also among the top 10, improving at twice the average. This is encouraging news for education reformers, suggesting that sustained efforts to raise student learning are beginning to pay off.

August 7, 2012: Romney's statesman debut
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The US election is less than three months away, so it is not surprising that the campaigns have moved into high gear. Polls show that the election will be tight, as both sides focus on the critical “swing” states that will determine the outcome.

August 7, 2012: Romney quiere posar de estadista
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La elección en Estados Unidos está a menos de tres meses, por lo que no es de extrañar que las campañas se muevan a toda velocidad.

August 5, 2012: La revolución incumplida (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Estancamiento es el término que con mayor frecuencia viene a la mente cuando pensamos en la actual situación que enfrenta Bolivia.

August 5, 2012: The incomplete revolution
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Stagnation is the term that most frequently comes to mind in thinking about the current situation in Bolivia. The 2005 election of Evo Morales was symbolically important and raised high hopes in a country with a majority indigenous population that had long suffered considerable poverty and political instability.

August 1, 2012: Latin America's Energy Future (PDF)
By Roger Tissot
Roger Tissot, energy analyst and member of the Dialogue's Energy Policy Group, examines trends in Latin America’s energy matrix over the last 40 years, and highlights the issues facing the region’s governments as they attempt to balance energy costs, security of supply, and environmental sustainability.

July 31, 2012: Does El Salvador's Judicial Crisis Bode Ill for Democracy?
By Francisco Altschul, Mirte Postema, and Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: Latin America Advisor
A dispute between El Salvador's legislative and judicial branches escalated to a constitutional crisis this month, with two separate groups of judges claiming to be the country's legitimate Supreme Court. After a stalemate and pressures both domestically and internationally to resolve the dispute, the two main political parties agreed to hold talks on July 24. What is behind the conflict? Does the conflict have implications for the state of the country's democracy or is it fundamentally a political issue? How should it be settled?

July 30, 2012: What Would Venezuela's Entrance Mean for Mercosur?
By Sebastián Acha, Mark Weisbrot, Thomas Andrew O'Keefe, and Daniel Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuela is expected to formally join Mercosur during the trade bloc's meeting Tuesday in Rio de Janeiro. The presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay agreed to allow the Andean country into the trade bloc after Mercosur suspended Paraguay, whose lawmakers had prevented Venezuela from joining the group. What would Venezuela's entrance mean for it and for the current Mercosur members? Who are the winners and losers? Does allowing Venezuela into Mercosur through the loophole of Paraguay's suspension raise larger concerns about the bloc's operation, as critics of the move have suggested?

July 27, 2012: Betting on Brazil
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Economic success is what has contributed most to Brazil’s rising global stature and influence. As Brazil's economy slows, however, experts debate whether Brazil will be able to recover its previous robust rate of expansion.

July 27, 2012: Family Feud
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Meet the president of Peru. His brother's in prison, his dad thinks he's a traitor, and almost everyone says his wife calls the shots. But he might still have a chance to turn the country around.

July 26, 2012: The Public Debate Over Private Lives (PDF)
By Joan Caivano & Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Americas Quarterly
Every day, women across Latin America are terminating their pregnancies under illegal and unsafe circumstances. The number of unsafe abortions—which represent about 95 percent of the total—grew from 3.9 million in 2003 to 4.2 million in 2008, with the annual abortion rate holding steady during that period, at about 32 abortions per 1,000 women between the ages 15 to 44. That’s more than double the rate in Western Europe (12 per 1,000)—where abortion is generally permitted without exception.

July 26, 2012: Beyond Equal Rights
By Michelle Bachelet
Source: Americas Quarterly
Women’s political and economic participation strengthens democracy, equality and the economy. And while women’s empowerment and full participation in society are important goals in themselves, they are also vital for reducing poverty, achieving universal education, improving maternal and child health, and fulfilling other development goals.

July 26, 2012: Mexico's Next Sexenio: What Lies Ahead?
By Julia Yansura
On July 26, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation on what to expect from Mexico’s incoming presidential administration, which will take office on December 1, 2012.

July 26, 2012: Plan Colombia: A Retrospective
By Michael Shifter
Source: Americas Quarterly
At first glance, perhaps the most notable feature of Plan Colombia has been its longevity. Given the current divisiveness in Washington, the bipartisan support it has received across three administrations now seems remarkable. After 12 years, the plan is gradually winding down, but the U.S. allocated more than $300 million under the program in 2012 alone.

July 25, 2012: Assessing Humala's First Year
By Mariel Aramburu
In light of Ollanta Humala's first anniversary as president of Peru, the Dialogue convened two leading analysts who provided insight into the economic and political dimensions of the country, with commentary provided by the Peruvian Ambassador to the United States.

July 25, 2012: Mi Amigo Oswaldo Payá
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Desde que Oswaldo Payá fundara el Proyecto Varela, tuve conocimiento de su existencia, de sus sueños y admiré su coraje. En diciembre de 2002 el Partido Demócrata de Estados Unidos le confirió el Averell Harriman Award con que distingue a quiénes en el mundo se han destacado por su servicio a la causa de la democracia. En esa ocasión, en una cena de unas 500 personas, reunidas en Washington, los discursos de homenaje nos fueron encargados a Madeleine Albright y a mí.

July 25, 2012: The Future of US-Mexico Cooperation
By Jacob Weisenthal
On July 25, the Inter-American Dialogue held a private roundtable discussion on the the future of US-Mexico cooperation with distinguished members of Congress, officials from the Obama administration, and Washington area policy analysts.

July 24, 2012: Os Desafios da Infraestrutura No Brasil & Na Ótica da Ibero-América (PDF)
By Robert Teixeira
Source: Revista RI

July 24, 2012: What Does the Future Hold for India-Latin America Relations?
By Jorge Heine, Margaret Myers, Jahangir Aziz
Source: Latin America Advisor
India plans to host the first India-CELAC Foreign Ministers' Dialogue on Aug. 7 in New Delhi, the Press Trust of India reported. While India's economic engagement with the region has been far overshadowed by China's, bilateral trade has grown from $2 billion in 2000 to more than $25 billion, with state-controlled Indian oil companies recently announcing almost $3 billion in investments in Venezuela's oil sector. Where are political and economic relations between India and Latin America headed? What constraints are there to improving trade and how can they be remedied? Which countries and sectors present the best opportunities for growth?

July 23, 2012: Obama Gets Boost From Hispanic Voters in Wake of Policy Shift
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
New polling data suggests a measurable increase in support from Latinos for U.S. President Barack Obama after he announced an executive order to cease deportation of many immigrants brought to the United States illegally as children and the Supreme Court ruled on Arizona's immigration law.

July 20, 2012: The right must learn to love the state again
By Francis Fukuyama
Source: Financial Times
When asked to contribute to this series on the future of conservatism, I hesitated because it seemed to me that in both the US and Europe what was most needed was not a new form of conservatism but rather a reinvention of the left.

July 16, 2012: Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico (PDF)
By Nora Lustig, Luis F. Lopez-Calva and Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Between 2000 and 2010, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures and data sources. In depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers.

July 16, 2012: Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper: What is US Drug Policy? (PDF)
By Peter Hakim and Kimberly Covington
There are increasing pressures to rethink and reshape US drug policy. This Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper discusses key elements of current US drug policy, points out their strengths and weaknesses, and highlights where changes would be desirable.

July 16, 2012: Education in the Americas: What the Summit Missed (PDF)
By Jeffrey M. Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
The Sixth Summit of the Americas gave little attention to the urgent need to improve education quality and equity, although both are vital to the region’s development and competitiveness.

July 10, 2012: Fernando Henrique talks with Post about tea party, European policies
By Eva Rodriguez
On Tuesday, Cardoso was awarded the prestigious $1?million Kluge Prize by the Library of Congress for his study of “the social structures of government, the economy and race relations in Brazil” that helped transform the country “from a military dictatorship .?.?. into a vibrant, more inclusive democracy.” Cardoso, 80, spoke with the Style section about the tea party, the economic crisis in Europe and how he became “the accidental president of Brazil.”

July 9, 2012: Comparing Chinese and Indian Engagement in Latin America
By Margaret Myers
Source: Foreign Policy Research Center, New Delhi, India
India began its period of heightened economic engagement with Latin America nearly fifteen years ago , but was quickly overtaken by China in terms of economic, political, and social engagement. Though trailing China in trade and investment, India has adopted a more cautious and well-informed approach to engagement with the region. This approach likely more beneficial than China's in terms of long-term relationship-building in Latin America. The extent to which China and India will expand existing ties with the region depends to a great extent on these countries’ domestic economic, political, environmental, and social considerations. The quality of relations, however, will depend on China’s and India’s various approaches to engaging the region.

July 9, 2012: Lugo's Impeachment a Political Process, Not a Coup: Ambassador
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The impeachment of former President Fernando Lugo was fundamentally a political process, not a coup d'etat, Paraguay's ambassador to the United States, Rigoberto Gauto Vielman, said Friday at the Inter-American Dialogue. "He lost the political support necessary to lead the country," said Gauto, who had been appointed to his position by Lugo but remains in office.

July 6, 2012: Is There a Limit to China's Role in Latin American Energy?
By Evan Ellis, Dani Nedal, Margaret Myers
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
China's Sky Solar signed a deal to build a $900 million solar energy park in Chile in June while Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao was on a four-country visit to the region. During the trip, Wen also signed energy and other agreements with Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in addition to announcing that the China Development Bank would create a $10 billion credit line to support infrastructure projects in the region. How has China's involvement in Latin America's energy sector evolved? Will it expand beyond the countries and sectors where it has traditionally focused most of its energy investments? If so, where is it likely to go and how will that impact the sector?

July 5, 2012: The Incredibly Shrinking Vision: US Policy in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
The United States and Latin America are growing further apart. Washington no longer has the resources or authority to shape a hemispheric agenda and provide the leadership to put it into practice. The relationship remains stuck on the same issues: Cuba, immigration and drug policy.

July 5, 2012: La increíble visión menguante de Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
EE UU y América Latina se alejan. Sin los recursos ni la autoridad para dar forma a una agenda hemisférica, Washington se ve incapaz de poner en valor la proximidad. La relación sigue atascada en las cuestiones de siempre: Cuba, inmigración y política antidrogas.

July 3, 2012: Should Governments Sell Street Drugs to Their Citizens?
By Sergio Abreu, Brad Hittle, Kimberly Covington, Peter Hakim & Ray Walser
Source: Latin America Advisor
The administration of Uruguayan President José Mujica is considering a plan that would allow the government to sell marijuana to adults on a registered database, the Associated Press reported June 21. According to the government, the measure is aimed at taking profits away from drug dealers and funding rehabilitation programs. What are the implications of Uruguay's proposal?

July 1, 2012: Taxes, Transfers, and Income Redistribution in Latin America (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
Source: World Bank
How much reduction in inequality and poverty does Latin America accomplish through taxes and transfers? How progressive are revenue-collection and social-spending patterns?

June 28, 2012: A Campaign About Nothing
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
On July 1, some 80 million Mexican voters will turn their backs on the drama and turbulence that has recently beset their country as they select a new president for the next six years. The electorate will choose among three main candidates whose statements and policy positions have been notably cautious -- and who have been strikingly vague about what they would change in how the country is handling its most serious problems.

June 28, 2012: Pedra no sapato (PDF)
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: O Globo

June 27, 2012: Who Is the Legitimate President of Paraguay?
By Sebastián Acha, Joy Olson, Adrienne Pine, and John F. Maisto
Source: Latin America Advisor
Paraguay's Senate on Friday voted 39-4, with two abstentions, to impeach President Fernando Lugo, who immediately moved out of the presidential residence. On Sunday, however, Lugo announced he will not recognize his former vice president, Federico Franco, as Paraguay's new leader. Who is the legitimate president of Paraguay? Why are some countries recognizing Franco as the new president and others not? What compelled Congress to take action now, just nine months before scheduled elections, and is it a good thing for the nation? Will Paraguay's economy suffer as a consequence of the political turmoil?

June 25, 2012: Are Prospects for Latin America's Energy Sector Dimming?
By Jeremy Martin, Paul Isbell, Duncan Wood, and Patricia I. Vasquez
Source: Latin America Advisor
Q: Given the potential of significant oil reserves in Brazil and Venezuela, large shale gas discoveries, plummeting wind energy prices and other developments, some analysts are highly optimistic about the general energy outlook in Latin America. Others cite opposition to hydro projects, vulnerabilities in energy-poor parts of the region, stagnation of oil production, unproved ultra-deep-water technologies and other hurdles as cause for major concern about the region's energy future. Are reasons for optimism weak? Or are pessimists underestimating the region's potential? What are the major trends in regional energy issues that we can expect in the period ahead, and how can possible solutions to problems best be reached?

June 23, 2012: Es un retroceso para la democracia en Paraguay
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
Los errores cometidos por Lugo no justificaban el juicio. El ex mandatario cometió algunos errores y probablemente haya sido un jefe de Estado inepto pero la oposición es culpable de haber manipulado el sistema para encontrar una manera de sacarlo del poder.

June 22, 2012: Where is the Future of Hydro in Latin America Projects Headed?
By Deborah Bleviss, Johanna Mendelson Forman, Amanda Maxwell, Genaro Arriagada, and Craig Kelly
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
Q: Colbún, the Chilean power company holding a 49 percent stake in the controversial HidroAysén project, announced last month that it is "indefinitely suspending" the environmental impact assessment for the project's transmission line. It is one of many regional projects that have faced local and environmental opposition, but have also been cited as necessary to meet growing energy needs. Are mega hydropower projects like this doomed in Chile and elsewhere in Latin America? What energy sources will fill in the void if such projects don't come to fruition? How are anticipated consequences of climate change, such as drought, going to change the region's current and future hydropower infrastructure?

June 22, 2012: Latin America and the Illusion of Peace
By Mariel Aramburu
Latin America’s security architecture is not designed to prevent the use of military force, but rather its escalation, argued David Mares, author of Latin America and the Illusion of Peace. On June 22 at the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS-US), Mares and Inter-American Dialogue president Michael Shifter discussed sources of inter-state conflict in Latin America and policy options to foster stability in the region, issues addressed in the IISS’ newest Adelphi book.

June 21, 2012: Police Reform in Mexico: The Challenge of Institutional Change
By Julia Yansura
On June 21, the Inter-American Dialogue held a discussion on police reform in Mexico, featuring Daniel Sabet, author of the new book Police Reform in Mexico: Informal Politics and the Challenge of Institutional Change. The session was co-sponsored by the Inter-American Dialogue and the Mexico Institute at the Woodrow Wilson Center.

June 20, 2012: What Will Be Accomplished at This Week's Rio+20 Summit?
By Juan José Daboub, Mark Konold, and Jim Shultz
Source: Latin America Advisor
Hundreds of world leaders and government officials have converged in Rio de Janeiro at the Rio+20 Earth Summit, which begins today. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said that the conference must achieve 'concrete decisions and agreements,' though some are skeptical that a global consensus on plans to combat climate change is likely to occur. Is Rio+20 likely to result in an actionable, common agenda? Or will the agreement be 'so weak it is meaningless, or completely collapse,' as WWF director general Jim Leape predicted? What is Latin America's role in the global debate over climate change? How well are its cities and states preparing for climate change?

June 20, 2012: Strengthening US-Latin America Ties: A Conversation with Senator Chris Coons and Congressman Xavier Becerra
By Jacob Weisenthal
On June 20, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation with Senator Chris Coons (D-DE) and Congressman Xavier Becerra (D-CA), who led a congressional delegation to Colombia, Cuba, and Haiti earlier this year. The session took place in the Capitol Visitor's Center.

June 20, 2012: Hacia un modelo de Alianzas por el desarrollo con la diáspora y el sector privado: la experiencia en educación (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Carola Balbuena
Este informe presenta un análisis sobre el rol de la diáspora y el sector privado en realizar alianzas, en proyectos de desarrollo en el campo educativo. A la vez el informe incluye u modelo de formación de alianzas que pueda fortalecer las experiencias ya existentes y futuras asociaciones. El trabajo introduce un método analítico para realizar la evaluación de diecisiete proyectos que tuvieron lugar tanto en Centroamérica, como en otros países del mundo. Se exploraron proyectos educativos que incluyeron la educación pre-escolar hasta bachillerato y la educación o formación a la fuerza laboral.

June 18, 2012: How Closely Tied are Spain's and Latin America's Fortunes?
By Enrique V. Iglesias, Pablo Toral, Federico Steinberg, Joaquín Roy, and Áurea Moltó
Source: Latin America Advisor
Spanish King Juan Carlos emphasized the importance of economic ties with Latin American countries during a visit to the region earlier this month. He praised the business climates in Brazil and Chile and said Spanish companies would continue investing in the region. The king also said in Brasília that economic reforms in his country "will not take long to bear fruit." How has Spain's economic trouble changed its commercial and trade relationship with Latin America? Which companies and countries are hurt by the woes in Europe, and which regional players are taking advantage of it the most? Was the king's visit to the region a success? Why or why not?

June 15, 2012: Sob o Manto Domestico
By Jacqueline Pitanguy
Source: O Globo
Durante séculos a violência contra mulheres exercida entre os muros da casa, por maridos e companheiros, conhecida como violência domestica , não tinha visibilidade publica nem era reconhecida como crime. As mulheres apanhavam no silencio do lar,entre tapas e beijos, no espaço emocional que , teoricamente, lhes traria segurança. Sendo esta uma violência de repetição, apanhavam com regularidade e frequentemente morriam assassinadas. Essa forma de violência se diluia na cumplicidade da sociedade ,“em briga de marido e mulher não se mete a colher”, e na ausência de acolhimento institucional às vítimas.

June 13, 2012: Maximizing the Development Impact of Remittances (PDF)
By UNCTAD, Manuel Orozco
The present publication seeks to gather main experiences and proposals made by policy makers, delegates,experts, intergovernmental organizations and civil society representatives during the 2011 UNCTAD Single Year Expert meeting on “Maximizing the development impact of remittances”. It is also a tool for consolidating state of the art knowledge on remittances trends, providing new thinking on the role that remittances play in development, and enabling stakeholders in better designing comprehensive policy and institutional frameworks in the intersection between migration, remittances, financial services and labor mobility issues.

June 8, 2012: Remarks at 2012 Sol M. Linowitz Forum: “Who will be the next U.S. president? Will it make a difference for U.S. Foreign Policy? For Latin America?”
By Scott Wilson, Washington Post

June 8, 2012: The Dialogue’s 30th Anniversary Interview Series
By Joan Caivano
The Inter-American Dialogue presents Perspectives/Perspectivas Policy in the Americas: Shaping the Debate for the Next 30 Years The Dialogue’s 30th Anniversary Interview Series featuring: Ricardo Lagos, Former President of Chile, Interviewed by Jorge Domínguez, Harvard University Abe Lowenthal, University of Southern California, Interviewed by Ray Suarez, PBS NewsHour Francis Fukuyama, Stanford University, Interviewed by Mike Reid, The Economist Donna Hrinak, Boeing Brazil, Interviewed by Gene Kuleta, Latin America Advisor Eduardo Stein, Former Vice President of Guatemala, Interviewed by Edward Schumacher-Matos, NPR Enrique García, CAF – Development Bank of Latin America, Interviewed by Lee Cullum, Dallas Morning News

June 7, 2012: Globalization, Made in the Americas
By Robert Zoellick
Source: Remarks at the Dialogue's 30th Anniversary Gala
A new hemispheric partnership requires leaving old habits, old mindsets, and old models of dependency behind.

June 5, 2012: Economía, clave en las urnas
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La elección presidencial de EE. UU. ha entrado en una fase crítica. La semana pasada, Mitt Romney acumuló suficientes delegados para asegurarse la nominación republicana. La atención se centra ahora en él.

June 4, 2012: A Special Report from Progreso Weekly
By Aurelio Alonso, Oscar Espinosa Chepe, Carmelo Mesa Lago, Arturo López-Levy, Peter Hakim, Julia Sweig
Source: Progreso Weekly
On the occasion of the controversy raised by the pastoral line proposed by the Archdiocese of Havana and Cardinal Jaime Ortega, Hakim opines that, while Ortega made some unfortunate statements at Harvard, the fact remains that he is an extraordinary man who has already contributed significantly to change in Cuba.

May 31, 2012: Starpower Trumps Diplomacy
By Peter Hakim
Source: PDiN Monitor, USC Center on Public Diplomacy
Along with fellow BRICS nations, Brazil is regarded as one the world’s five most powerful emerging economies. A recent poll says it is the most admired of this group. And it has been selected as the site of both the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games. No, Brazil does not have the planet’s greatest publicist. Its incredible rise in the past dozen years is due to many factors. Self-promotion is not among the most important.

May 29, 2012: What Awaits Mexico if the PRI Sweeps the July 1 Elections?
By Andrés Rozental, James R. Jones, Andrew Selee, and George W. Grayson
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Institutional Revolutionary Party, with its allied Green Party, is poised to win a majority of the seats in both houses of Mexico's Congress in national elections this July, according to a poll released May 11 by Consulta Mitofsky. PRI presidential candidate Enrique Peña Nieto has been running more than 20 percentage points ahead of competitors Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the PRD and Josefina Vázquez Mota of the ruling PAN party in recent polls. What types of legislative changes or reforms would result from PRI control of Mexico's presidency and both chambers of its Congress? Will the PRI re-establish the dominance that it enjoyed for seven decades? Can the PAN and PRD regroup, or will new parties and alliances form should the PRI sweep the election?

May 29, 2012: Carta al editor: La expropriación de YPF
By Jorge Argüello
En un artículo recientemente publicado en El Colombiano, el presidente del Inter-American Dialogue, Michael Shifter, se refiere a la expropiación de la petrolera argentina YPF enlazando una serie de afirmaciones desacertadas que lo llevan, necesariamente, a una conclusión errónea sobre la situación y las perspectivas de Argentina.

May 29, 2012: Democracy, Growth, and Discontent in Latin America: A Conversation with Marta Lagos, Director of Latinobarómetro (PDF)
By Luis Ferreira
Latin Americans overall are content despite economic differences throughout the region, said Marta Lagos, director of Latinobarómetro at a May 29 discussion hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States. Lagos discussed the results of the 2011 Latinobarómetro public opinion survey and what it says about the attitudes of Latin America’s growing middle class. World Bank economist Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva and Dialogue president Michael Shifter commented on the report.

May 22, 2012: 15th Annual Western Hemisphere Security Colloquium
By Jacob Weisenthal
Cooperation in the western hemisphere is not new; the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and Organization of American States (OAS), among others, represent commitments to collaboration within the Americas. Nonetheless, the 15th Annual Western Hemisphere Security Colloquium – sponsored by several Washington-area institutions including the Inter-American Dialogue– emphasized the “imperative” for Latin America and its northern neighbors to explore deeper levels of cooperation against growing challenges posed by non-traditional, transnational threats.

May 21, 2012: The Americas in the World
By Ambassador Luigi Einaudi
Source: Remarks at 15th Annual Annual Western Hemisphere Colloquium
The emergence of non-traditional security matters has fueled a debate over what is security and what is defense. What is the threat? Who are you fighting? Is there an “enemy”? Are terrorists foreign or domestic? Military forces are trained to defend national sovereignty against external attack by a foreign enemy. They are not trained to deal with their fellow citizens. That is police work. In some countries, turning to the military for internal security evokes terrible memories of Cold War conflicts when repression sometimes became identified with military forces allied with the United States.

May 21, 2012: EUA debe aportar a C.A. $600 millones (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica
Michael Shifter dirige el Diálogo Interamericano, uno de los tanques de pensamiento más reconocidos en Washington, D.C. Recientemente se presentó el estudio “Contando la violencia criminal en Centroamérica”,que aborda elementos ya conocidos y también propone ideas que el autor considera necesarias para encontrar un mejor enfoque en el combate al narcotráfico y crimen organizado en la región.

May 16, 2012: What Is on the Horizon for Asia-Latin America Trade?
By Ann Lee, Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, Margaret Myers
Source: Latin America Advisor
While China-Latin America trade and investment ties have dominated headlines over the past decade, a flurry of recent deals between Latin American leaders and other Asian countries has brought more attention to non-China trade flows with the region. What is the current trade dynamic between Latin America and countries like South Korea, Japan, Vietnam and others in the Asia-Pacific region? What is the outlook for trade between the regions? What specific countries and sectors will most likely flourish in the period ahead, and why?

May 11, 2012: El Salvador Gang Truce Raises Troubling Questions for Region
By Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics Review
El Salvador, only recently home to the world’s second-highest homicide rate, has watched murders plummet by 60 percent since early March. The unprecedented decline, however, is not the result of conventional policies aimed at eliminating criminal activity, but rather a very different development: a negotiated truce between the country’s two leading gangs, the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18. But the gang truce has left lawmakers and security experts in El Salvador and across the region grappling with a slew of unsettling questions.

May 11, 2012: Citizen Security in Latin America
By Alexis Arthur
Gino Costa, former Minister of the Interior in Peru and President of Lima-based think tank Ciudad Nuestra, presented the findings of a recent Dialogue paper, "Citizen Security in Latin America”. Costa’s rigorous analysis highlights five critically important indicators of citizen security in the region: homicide; victimization; perceptions of insecurity; confidence in the police; and the prison system. Steven Dudley, Co-Director of InSight Crime, provided commentary on Costa's remarks.

May 10, 2012: Biggest Threat to Latin American Region is U.S. Disengagement: Boehner
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The most serious challenge facing Latin America is the possibility of the United States' disengaging from the region, House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) said Tuesday at the Council of the Americas' annual Washington Conference.

May 10, 2012: How Important Is the Supreme Court Case on Immigration?
By Jim Kolbe, Anthony Romero, Jessica Zuckerman, Louis DeSipio, Tamar Jacoby
Source: Latin America Advisor
In late June, the U.S. Supreme Court is expected to rule on the federal government's challenge to Arizona's controversial immigration law, which requires local police officers to check the immigration status of anyone suspected of being in the country illegally. During oral arguments April 25, justices were skeptical of the Obama administration's arguments that Arizona overstepped its authority. How strong is the federal government's case? How might the outcome affect immigration policies and the future immigration debate? Will the high court's decision influence the U.S. presidential election in November? What are the case's implications, if any, on the economies of the United States, Mexico and Central American countries?

May 9, 2012: Is Bolivia's Government Handling Social Unrest Well?
By Jaime Aparicio, Kathryn Ledebur, and G. Philip Hughes
Source: Latin American Advisor
Hundreds of indigenous Bolivians on April 27 began a second march to protest a controversial road through the Tipnis national park after President Evo Morales said the decision about the road's construction would be put to a vote by local communities. Meanwhile, the administration has faced strikes across the country in recent weeks from health workers, teachers, miners and other groups dissatisfied with working conditions and wages, some of which have turned violent. What challenges does the government face in resolving the recent bouts of social unrest? What are the underlying causes of the conflicts and how should the administration be handling them? How well is Morales weathering the storm?

May 8, 2012: Military Aid Is Unattractive, but Unavoidable
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Times
The spreading drug-fueled violence in Honduras – arguably the most troubled country in the Western Hemisphere – should be addressed through effective civilian law enforcement institutions, not military forces. Strengthening such institutions should be the principal focus of U.S. policy and cooperation with Honduras and other nations beset by criminal violence.

May 7, 2012: Future Trends in Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean
By Sarah Cardona
On May 7, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a roundtable discussion on its new report, Future Trends in Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean.

May 7, 2012: Will Higher Corporate Taxes Improve Education in Chile?
By Jorge Heine, Jeffrey Puryear, and Risa Grais-Targow
Source: Latin America Advisor
Chilean President Sebastián Piñera on April 26 announced a tax plan to finance education reform that would increase corporate taxes from 18.5 percent to 20 percent. The new tax package would raise between $700 million and $1 billion, said Piñera on the same day that tens of thousands of students protested in Santiago. Student leaders have criticized the move as inadequate, while Finance Minister Felipe Larraín said it could negatively affect Chile's economy. Are lawmakers likely to approve the measure? Would an increase on the corporate tax rate, which was going to be lowered back to 17 percent in 2013, harm the economy? Will the increased spending have a significant effect on ensuring access to better quality education? What more should the government be doing to address the unrest?

May 4, 2012: Romney's Dilemma
By Abraham Lowenthal
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
The prolonged US presidential campaign has entered a new phase with the presumptive selection of former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney as the Republican nominee to battle president Barack Obama.

May 4, 2012: Can Countries Reduce Violence by Negotiating With Gangs?
By Francisco Altschul, Cynthia Arnson, and Douglas Farah
Source: Latin America Advisor
Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes announced April 15 that on the previous day, the country experienced its first day without any reported murders since he took office in 2009. Earlier this year, El Salvador was suffering about 18 killings per day. The news is linked to a March truce between the rival Mara Salvatrucha and Mara 18 gangs, allegedly brokered with government involvement, according to online Salvadoran newspaper El Faro. Funes denied involvement in negotiating the truce, saying it was the action of the Catholic Church. What are the tradeoffs and dangers to negotiating such an agreement with gangs? Are other countries that are also facing historic levels of violence considering similar actions? What are the political and social ramifications of such a tactic? Is it sustainable in the long run?

May 3, 2012: Spain's Power Wanes Amid Energy Sector Nationalizations
By Alexis Arthur
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
The nationalizations of Argentina's biggest oil and gas company and Bolivia's electricity distributor have been roundly condemned abroad as illadvised, populist moves. Yet beyond the short-term political gains and the potential long-term economic risks for each country, the episodes may suggest the emergence of a broader trend: the decline of the relationship between Latin America and Spain.

May 2, 2012: Countering Criminal Violence in Central America: Roundtable with Jose Fernandez and Michael Shifter
By Council on Foreign Relations

May 1, 2012: El nacionalismo de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La presidenta argentina Cristina Fernández ha aumentado sus llamamientos al sentimiento nacionalista para recuperar su apoyo político interno, que ha caído desde que comenzó su segundo mandato en diciembre.

May 1, 2012: Is Bribery Just a Cost of Doing Business in Mexico?
By Andrés Rozental, Jon French, Tapen Sinha, John A. Detzner, and Ruben Olmos
Source: Latin America Advisor
Executives of Wal-Mart de México allegedly bribed officials with more than $24 million over the past several years to speed up expansion in Mexico, The New York Times reported April 21. According to the report, the retailer failed to notify law enforcement of the evidence its investigators had uncovered, instead shutting down the internal probe. The retailer said it is aggressively investigating the allegations. What do the allegations say about the state of doing business in Mexico? Is bribery a widespread cost of doing business in the country? Are Mexican laws and other regulations, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, proving to be inadequate?

May 1, 2012: The United States, Latin America and China: A "Triangular Relationship"? (PDF)
By Evan Ellis
This paper, a product of the Dialogue's China and Latin America program, critically analyzes the notion of a "triangular relationship" involving the United States, China and Latin America. The "triangle" construct has been popular in policy-related and academic literature over the past few years. While the concept of a US-China-Latin America triangle is useful when highlighting interdependencies and identifying opportunities for bilateral and "poli-lateral" cooperation, Ellis argues that it is based on dubious assumptions about dynamics affecting the three actors. It assumes, for example, that Latin America is a unitary actor. It also downplays the role of other actors -- India, Russia, and Europe, for example -- that have significant relations with the United States, China, and Latin America.

May 1, 2012: From Gender Blind to Gender Conscious: A Discussion on Gender Equity in Latin America
By Scott Odell
On Tuesday, May 1, the Inter-American Dialogue held a discussion on the World Bank’s most recent study on gender in Latin America, "Work and Family: Latin American and Caribbean Women in Search of a New Balance."

May 1, 2012: Tendencias Futuras de las Remesas en América Latina y el Caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Las remesas familiares aumentaran 8% entre 2010 y 2011, casi alcanzando niveles previos a la recesión de 2007, según un informe recién publicado por el Diálogo InterAmericano. “Futuras Tendencias en Remesas a Latinoamérica y el Caribe,” por Manuel Orozco, asociado principal en el Diálogo, analiza cambios en la frecuencia y la cantidad de envíos de dinero usando datos y encuestas de los últimos diez anos.

April 30, 2012: How Will YPF's Nationalization Affect Argentina?
By Jorge Argüello, D. Jorge Dezcallar de Mazarredo, Lino Gutierrez, and José Octavio Bordón
Source: Latin America Advisor
Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner on April 16 announced that the government was immediately taking control of the nation's largest oil producer, YPF, and sending legislation to Congress to seize Repsol's 51 percent stake in the company. Fernández's government has complained that YPF under-invested in Argentina and has sent too much oil, and profits, abroad. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy blasted Argentina's action, saying it lacked justification and was a 'negative decision for everyone.' Was the government justified in taking over YPF? How will the takeover affect investment in all sectors of Argentina's economy? How will the move affect Argentina's relations with other countries?

April 29, 2012: Fiscal Mobility and the Poor: a New Approach (PDF)
By Nora Lustig and Sean Higgins
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Taxes and transfers can have significant impacts on poverty and inequality. All standard measures are by definition anonymous in the sense that we do not know the identity of winners and losers.

April 27, 2012: Journalists at Risk in Central America: What Can Be Done?
By Rachel Schwartz
On April 27, the Dialogue hosted a conversation on risks to journalists in Central America, featuring three of the region's top journalists: Carlos Dada of El Salvador, Julie López of Guatemala, and Carlos Fernando Chamorro of Nicaragua.

April 26, 2012: Countering Criminal Violence in Central America: US Policy Responses
By Rachel Schwartz
On April 26, the Inter-American Dialogue held a discussion on Capitol Hill to discuss rising criminal violence in Central America and what the United States can do to help the region's countries combat it. The event was sponsored by Senator Dianne Feinstein, chairman of the Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control.

April 24, 2012: U.S. Should Not Increase Spending on Border Security: Report
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Calls for increasing U.S. forces and spending along the border with Mexico don't reflect the reality of the security situation and should not be heeded, a report released on Thursday concluded.

April 23, 2012: What Did the Summit of the Americas Accomplish, if Anything?
By Peter Hakim, Carlo Dade, Graciela C. Römer, Nicolás Mariscal and Sergio Ferragut
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Summit of the Americas ended April 15 with the gathering's host, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, conceding that there would be no final joint declaration because "there is no consensus." The summit was marked by discord between the United States and Latin American countries on issues including Cuba's participation, drugs and the status of the Falkland Islands. What did the summit accomplish, if anything? Did the summit hurt or help the United States' standing among other countries in the hemisphere? Will regional engagement on Cuba's participation in the summit affect the Castro government?

April 18, 2012: Gobierno y Oposición: "Cuando tenía las respuestas, me cambiaron las preguntas"
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Dentro de los misterios políticos de estos años está el de la popularidad de Piñera. ¿Cómo puede ser que un gobierno con muy buenos indicadores económicos le vaya tan mal en las encuestas?

April 15, 2012: Regional coordination, US commitment needed to fight crime
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Nicaragua Dispatch
U.S. domestic policies have significant consequences for criminal violence in Central America. The United States is the top consumer of illegal drugs in the world, yet focuses much of its attention and resources on the supply side of the equation through eradication and interdiction programs.

April 14, 2012: Washington ha perdido influencia (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Esta cumbre se da en el último año del gobierno del presidente Barack Obama. En América Latina se tiene la sensación de que el mandatario estadounidense ha estado distante de la región, incluso más que George W. Bush...

April 13, 2012: Voz de América Latina se escucha más fuerte en el mundo
By Interview with Michael Shifter
La VI Cumbre de las Américas reúne a 33 jefes de estado, un encuentro que se da en momentos en los que los países latinoamericanos hablan con voz propia y la región es mirada por el resto del mundo con mucho interés. Sobre la importancia y consecuencias de este evento, habló con Portafolio, desde Washington, Michael Shifter, presidente de Diálogo Interamericano.

April 13, 2012: Sem pompa nem circunstância
By Interview with Peter Hakim
A visita de presidente Dilma aos EUA era mais um encontro de cortesia, que não pode ser descartado como desimportante, mas com uma agenda tímida demais. As declarações públicas dos dois presidentes foram polidas e respeitosas, mas não passaram de retórica vazia – à parte a crítica feita por Dilma à política monetária americana. Mas talvez eu tenha perdido alguma coisa.

April 13, 2012: Congressional Staff Roundtable: Countering Criminal Violence in Central America
By Rachel Schwartz
On April 13, the Council on Foreign Relations hosted a roundtable discussion with Dialogue president Michael Shifter in the US Capitol building to exchange ideas with Congressional staff members on his new report Countering Criminal Violence in Central America, commissioned and published by the Council’s Center for Preventive Action. The high-level group of over 30 staff members explored a range of topics relating to Central America’s precarious security situation—from emerging trends in drug trafficking and organized crime violence to the efficacy of the current US response.

April 12, 2012: Cartagena, ¿una Cumbre memorable?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La discusión anticipada de varios de los temas más controvertidos -incluyendo el rol de Cuba en los asuntos regionales, las alternativas a las actuales estrategias antidrogas, el reclamo de Argentina sobrelas Islas Malvinas/Falkland Islands-podría hacer que esta Cumbre sea particularmente trascendental, o podría resultar, simplemente caliente y polémica.

April 12, 2012: A Consequential Summit?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
The anticipated discussion of two of the hemisphere’s most controversial issues—Cuba’s role in regional affairs and alternatives to current anti-drug strategies—could make this Summit particularly consequential, or it could simply lead to a heated and contentious exchange.

April 11, 2012: Remaking the Relationship: The United States and Latin America (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
The United States and Latin America, after a decade of profound change, are increasingly going their separate ways. Without a rethinking of the relationship and resolution of three stubborn, long-standing problems—immigration, Cuba, and drug policy—the drift and distancing are likely to continue, potentially producing new tensions and risks for hemispheric affairs. The report also points to several critical opportunities that would lead to more productive cooperation and help establish the necessary basis for sustained partnership between the United States and Latin America.

April 11, 2012: As Mining Sector Takes Off, Colombia Must Take Care
By Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
Colombia is in the midst of a mining boom, with high commodities prices and Chinese demand placing its nascent mining sector at the center of the country’s economic development model. The challenge for Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos is to capitalize on the sector’s promise, while avoiding some of the environmental and social challenges that have impacted other South American mining countries, such as Chile and Peru.

April 11, 2012: Remaking the Relationship: The United States and Latin America
By Amber Hodgen
The Inter-American Dialogue held a roundtable discussion on April 11 to formally release its recently completed policy report, Remaking the Relationship: The United States and Latin America. Dialogue president Michael Shifter was joined by Dialogue co-chair and CEO of Hills & Company Carla Hills, Dialogue member and senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Moisés Naím, and Dialogue president emeritus Peter Hakim.

April 10, 2012: China's engagement with Latin America: More of the same?
By Margaret Myers
Source: "Asia and Latin America: Setting the Agenda" Conference, University of Miami
In a "think piece" for an upcoming conference at the University of Miami, China and Latin America Program Director, Margaret Myers, assesses the nature of China-Latin America relations. She argues that despite an explosion of cooperative efforts between China and various countries in the region, the China-Latin America relationship remains fundamentally imbalanced. Going forward, Latin America should anticipate engagement with China that is driven primarily by China's domestic considerations. China's dominant and resource-based engagement with the region is unlikely to change over the next few years, even despite growing emphasis on "mutually beneficial" and cooperative relationships.

April 9, 2012: Countering Criminal Violence in Central America (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
This report, published by the Council on Foreign Relations' Center for Preventive Action, explores the causes and consequences of the violence faced by Central American countries and examines the national, regional, and international efforts aimed at reducing its worst effects. It identifies US interests involved in the deteriorating situation and offers policymakers a set of key recommendations to enhance regional cooperation and be more effective in tackling shared security challenges.

April 9, 2012: Drugs: The Debate Goes Mainstream
By Fernando H. Cardoso, César Gaviria, Ernesto Zedillo
Source: Huffington Post
Latin America is talking about drugs like never before. The taboo that has long prevented open debate about drug policies has been broken -- thanks to a steadily deteriorating situation on the ground and the courageous stand taken by presidents Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia, Otto Perez Molina of Guatemala and Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica.

April 9, 2012: A U.S.-Brazil Respect Deficit
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
This week's U.S. visit by President Dilma Rousseff could set the stage for meaningful economic agreements between the two nations that have long neglected the need for a robust relationship. However, no one anticipates that the Brazilian president's visit will alter bilateral relations in any substantial way.

April 9, 2012: Brasil e Estados Unidos são cada vez mais importantes um para o outro
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
A visita da presidente Dilma Rousseff a Washington deve ser mais um passo positivo no processo contínuo da construção de uma maior confiança mútua e da cooperação entre as duas maiores nações das Américas, duas das seis maiores economias do mundo, e dois dos governos mais moderados e pragmáticos.

April 9, 2012: Brazil and the US are becoming increasingly important to one another
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
President Dilma Rousseff’s visit to Washington should be another positive step in an ongoing process of building greater mutual confidence and practical cooperation between the two largest nations of the Americas, two of the world’s six largest economies, and two of its most moderate and pragmatic national governments.

April 8, 2012: Rousseff should leave US with a trade deal
By Moises Naim
Source: Financial Times
Unless Ms Rousseff and Mr Obama disrupt the status quo in their countries’ relationship, this will continue to be a story of missed opportunities, in which minor agreements are extolled as epic changes while, in practice, the two nations continue to fail to forge a world-changing alliance.

April 8, 2012: El debate impensable está hoy sobre la mesa
By Fernando H. Cardoso, César Gaviria, Ernesto Zedillo
Source: El Tiempo
¿Cuál es la mejor manera de enfrentar el problema de las drogas? Diferentes opciones están puestas hoy sobre la mesa. En los últimos cuatro meses, la discusión ha avanzado más que en 40 años. Lo que parecía impensable está ahora siendo discutido a la luz del día.

April 4, 2012: ¿Equilibrio en la frontera? México en los medios de comunicación norteamericanos (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: Temas
Durante la última década, México ha surgido como un punto de gran envergadura en el ciclo noticioso norteamericano. A pesar de estar involucrada en dos guerras en el Medio Oriente, y de la creciente competencia de naciones como China, la atención norteamericana no se ha desviado totalmente de sus más próximos vecinos. El público norteamericano sigue preocu pado sobre el estado de los asuntos en México. Un sondeo de febrero de 2011 arrojó que 62% de los que respondieron estaban «muy interesados» o «algo interesados» por lo que ocurre en México,1 con lo que ocupa un puesto equivalente al de otros puntos neurálgicos globales como Iraq, Afganistán, Corea del Norte, Irán, Pakistán y el Egipto posterior a la revolución.

April 4, 2012: Balance on the Border? Evaluating US News Media Portrayals of Mexico (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz
Source: Temas
Over the past decade, Mexico has emerged as a major flash point in the US news cycle. Yet, this high level of interest has been accompanied by increasingly unfavorable views toward the United States’ southern neighbor. According to a February 2011 Gallup poll, US attitudes toward Mexico are the most negative they have been in over 20 years. These negative attitudes are no doubt connected to two factors: Mexico’s violent struggle against drug trafficking and the significant flow of Mexican migrants into the United States. These developments have at once placed Mexico at the top of the US news cycle, while also generating rising levels of ill will among the US populace. The situation raises concerns and questions about the connection between US media coverage and public perceptions of Mexico. What is the nature and quality of US news reporting on Mexico?

April 3, 2012: A New Vision for Mexico 2042: Achieving Prosperity for All (PDF)
By Alexandra Solano
Where will Mexico be in 2042? According to the authors of a new study, Mexico will be trailing behind emerging countries if much needed reforms are not implemented now.

April 3, 2012: Is Mexico's Middle Class Fundamentally Changing the Country?
By Andrés Rozental, Nicolás Mariscal, Rogelio Ramírez de la O, and Richard Feinberg
"The rise of the Mexican middle class is the most relevant development of the last decade in the country," a new report from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars states. Mexican society has fundamentally changed, as citizens have acquired stronger senses of property and ownership and demand more accountability from authorities, the report added. Do you agree? What opportunities and challenges would a growing Mexican middle class bring to businesses in Mexico? For governments? Would a stronger middle class change Mexico's political calculus?

April 2, 2012: Despite the Odds: Bold Education Reform in the City of Buenos Aires
By Alexandra Solano
On April 2, the Dialogue hosted a discussion on a series of bold reforms recently enacted by the Ministry of Education of the City of Buenos Aires. These include provisions that have proved politically difficult to address in countries throughout the region, such as student assessments, teacher evaluations, and changes in the criteria for assigning teachers to schools.

March 28, 2012: Reforming Public Security in Honduras: A Conversatino with Juan Orlando Hernández Alvarado
By Amber Hodgen
On March 28, the Inter-American Dialogue held an exchange with the president of the Congress of Honduras Juan Orlando Hernández Alvarado—who led a discussion on the country’s plans to tackle rising crime through legislative reforms.

March 28, 2012: Peru's Humala Struggles to Balance Mining-Based Growth, Social Development
By Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
Peruvian Justice Minister Juan Jiménez's appearance before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights last week marked the latest challenge to President Ollanta Humala's strategy of marrying mining-based growth with social development.

March 27, 2012: La hora de EE.UU en Afganistán terminó
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Estados Unidos han entrado en la segunda década de la guerra más larga de su historia. La nación está cansada y, según las encuestas, con ganas de traer las tropas a casa.

March 27, 2012: A Conversation with Alberto Otárola: Defense Minister of Peru
By Luis Ferreira
The Dialogue hosted a discussion featuring Peru’s Defense Minister, Alberto Otarola. Minister Otarola discussed Peru’s defense agenda and the priorities of the Ollanta Humala Administration. He also shared his perspective on regional security trends and the prospects for more effective cooperation within Latin America and the United States.

March 23, 2012: Central America Moves Toward a Truly Regional Stance on Drugs
By Rachel Schwartz
Source: World Politics
On March 24, Central American leaders will take a decisive step toward opening the debate on drug decriminalization by convening in Antigua, Guatemala, to discuss alternatives to the foundering war on drugs. The meeting, proposed by Guatemalan ex-general and newest member of the Central American presidents’ club Otto Pérez Molina, follows a five-country tour by his vice president to rally support for frank dialogue. It also comes on the heels of regional visits by U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano and Vice President Joe Biden to reinforce the United States’ commitment to anti-crime cooperation and rebuff the possibility of legalization.

March 23, 2012: Human Rights and Extractive Industries in Peru
By Rachel Schwartz
The Inter-American Dialogue will host a discussion on human rights and extractive industries in Peru with Ministers Juan Jiménez Mayor (Minister of Justice and Human Rights), Guillermo Shinno Huamaní (Vice Minister of Mines), Iván Lanegra Quispe (Vice Minister of Intercultural Affairs), and Gabriel Quijandría Acosta (Vice Minister of Strategic Development of Natural Resrouces).

March 22, 2012: Will Southcom Play an Important Role in Fighting Crime?
By Gabriel Marcella, Orlando J. Pérez, Richard Downie, and Maria Velez de Berliner
In delivering his 2012 posture statement to a congressional committee on March 6, Gen. Douglas Fraser, the head of the United States Southern Command (Southcom), said that the inability of the Central American region to deal with organized crime has "serious implications" for U.S. security. One of Southcom's primary goals is to reduce the threat of organized crime from a national and regional security threat to a "public safety problem," Fraser said. Will Southcom play an important part in tackling transnational organized crime in the region? How effective has Southcom been in advancing U.S. security interests in both Central America and the wider region? What areas should Southcom focus on, and how should its successes be measured? Does it have enough funding to achieve its goals?

March 21, 2012: Australia's Latin American Opportunity
By Alexis Arthur
Source: The Interpreter
Kevin Rudd's resignation as Foreign Minister could be a greater loss than many realise for Australia's engagement beyond Asia.

March 20, 2012: Las remesas y la migración en la Región Autónoma de la Costa del Caribe de Nicaragua: una aproximación y caracterización (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Este documento presenta los resultados de una encuesta sobre las dimensiones de la migración y la transferencia de remesas a la zona de la Costa del Caribe de Nicaragua. Aquí se presentan las características y particularidades del receptor de remesas de esta región autónoma, su posición en el sistema financiero y el acceso que obtiene al mismo junto con sus prácticas financieras y otros intereses relacionados al sector bancario.

March 19, 2012: Is the Caribbean Community in Danger of Collapsing?
By Ivelaw Lloyd Griffith, Norman Girvan, Richard L. Bernal, G. Philip Hughes, and Paget deFreitas
Source: Latin America Advisor
In a recently released report, British consulting firm Randall Mills said the Caribbean Community regional block, or Caricom, "could expire slowly over the next few years." The Caribbean integration movement could come to an end in four to five years because of poor financing, dissatisfaction among members and the world economic crisis, the report added. Is Caricom in danger of collapsing? What effect would such a collapse have on the economies of Caribbean countries in the short and long term? What are Caricom's greatest achievements thus far? Could closer integration benefit the region and, if so, what steps would have to be taken to achieve it?

March 19, 2012: The Mexican Elections and the Future of Social Democracy in Mexico
By Alexandra Solano
The Inter-American Dialogue and Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars will host a discussion with Jesús Zambrano Grijalva, current president of the Party of the Democratic Revolution, Mexico’s largest party of the left. He began his political career in his home state of Sonora as a student leader and ultimately become one of the PRD’s founding members. He later served in Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies and held numerous leadership positions in Mexico City’s government during the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador. Mr. Zambrano will speak on Mexico’s upcoming national election and the impact it will have on Mexican society.

March 16, 2012: Is the Global Energy Map Shifting to the Western Hemisphere?
By Duncan Wood, Jeremy Martin, Francisco Ebeling Barros, and David Mares
For the first time since 1949, the United States exported more gasoline, heating oil and diesel fuel last year than it imported, the Energy Department reported Feb 29, and imports of crude oil fell to a level not seen since 1995. Such advances in the United States, along with recent discoveries in Latin America of vast gas reserves in shale formations, subsalt oil deposits and renewable energy resources, have led some analysts argue that the global energy map is shifting from the Middle East to the Western Hemisphere. Is the "world's oil map" shifting away from the Middle East? What would be the implications of greater energy independence in the United States and the countries of the Western Hemisphere? Will energy cooperation-or energy conflict-come to dominate headlines in the Americas in years to come?

March 15, 2012: A Conversation with US Heads of Mission in the Andean Region
By Luis Ferreira
Relations between the United States and the countries of the Andes remain stable despite recent changes in the region, according to the US heads of mission, speaking at the Inter-American Dialogue on March 15. The Dialogue held a discussion with U.S. ambassadors, Rose Likins (Peru) and Michael McKinley (Colombia), and Chargés d'Affaires, John Creamer (Bolivia) and James Derham (Venezuela) to review developments in US-Andean ties.

March 14, 2012: The Panama Canal: Progress and Outlook
By Daniela de Gonzalez-Arguelles
Alberto Alemán Zubieta, who has been at the helm of the canal for the past 16 years, discussed the history of the canal’s administration and the economic impact of the expansion project during a roundtable discussion at the Inter-American Dialogue on March 14.

March 13, 2012: El lugar para hablar de drogas
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Dentro de América Latina está creciendo el consenso de que la raíz de la violenta ola de criminalidad que se extiende por varios países se debe al uso masivo de narcóticos en Estados Unidos Los EE.UU. han demostrado a lo largo de los años que no quieren o no pueden frenar su demanda o frenar el flujo de dinero o armas a las bandas criminales. Sin embargo, la ansiedad de Washington sobre discutir la política de drogas con los líderes del hemisferio que se reunirán en Cartagena son exageradas.

March 13, 2012: The Right Place for a Drug Policy Debate
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Among Latin Americas, there is a growing consensus that the root cause of their violent crime wave is the massive use of narcotics in the US. And there is not much question that it is mostly the US’s unceasing demand for drugs and the huge profits it generates that finances organized crime across the region, particularly in Mexico and Central America. Nonetheless, Washington’s anxieties about discussing drug policy with hemispheric leaders in Cartagena are exaggerated.

March 13, 2012: Mitt Romney, favorito pero comprometido
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nadie dijo que sería fácil para Mitt Romney ganar la nominación republicana para presidente en 2012. Sin embargo, pocos creían que llegaría a ser tan complicado.

March 13, 2012: Insecurity Threatens El Salvador's Gains 20 Years After War's End
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Salvadoran President Mauricio Funes marked the 20th anniversary of the end to the country's civil war with an emotional apology earlier this year in El Mozote, the site of an infamous massacre where nearly 1,000 civilians were killed in 1981. "I apologize to the people of El Salvador who suffered such outrageous and unacceptable violence," he said to victims' families. But, after two decades of democracy, a new kind of outrageous violence—this time, brought by drug traffickers—presents an ominous threat to hard-won gains.

March 12, 2012: Are Brazil-U.S. Military Relations Experiencing Turbulence?
By Craig Kelly, Rubens Barbosa, Peter Hakim, and David Fleischer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazil's Foreign Affairs ministry said March 1 that the U.S. Air Force's cancellation of a $355 million contract for defense aircraft manufactured by Embraer was a surprise and does not help bilateral military relations between the two countries. The cancellation, which Air Force officials said was due to faulty documentation surrounding the contract, followed reports that Brazil is likely to choose France's Dassault instead of U.S.-based Boeing for a multi-billion-dollar contract for military aircraft. Have these developments affected military and business relations between the two countries? Will Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's visit to Washington next month help improve bilateral relations? What will be the most important agenda items during her visit?

March 9, 2012: How Is Europe's Ongoing Debt Crisis Affecting Latin America?
By Uri Dadush, Daniel Marx, Áurea Moltó, and Nicolás Mariscal
Source: Latin America Advisor
European countries beset by the continent's debt crisis should learn lessons from Latin America's economic experiences, Mexican officials said Feb. 26 at the close of a two-day summit of G-20 finance officials. Mexican President Felipe Calderón added that policymakers should take swift action to ensure that Europe's economic woes don't cause more harm abroad. How is Europe's continued debt crisis affecting the region? What lessons should European policymakers take from previous experiences in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America? Which ones should they ignore? Is Europe too slow in its decision-making, as some officials have alleged, and, if so, what consequences will it have for Latin America?

March 9, 2012: PREAL's 2011 Program Highlights (PDF)
By PREAL
The close of 2011 marked another successful year of activities designed to improve the quality and equity of education in Latin America and the Caribbean. PREAL organized dozens of events, published documents on subjects ranging from the PISA results to teacher evaluations in Mexico, and kicked off formal projects with three multinational organizations. Our recently completed document, "2011 Program Highlights," provides descriptions of a sampling of PREAL’s activities during the year, with a particular emphasis on publications, events, and education report cards.

March 8, 2012: Reaching Out to Women: A Conversation with Vanda Pignato
By Amber Hodgen
On March 8, the Inter-American Dialogue held an exchange with El Salvador’s first lady and secretary of social inclusion Vanda Pignato—who led a discussion on the country’s imaginative approach to providing needed service to women.

March 8, 2012: China’s Rise and Latin America: A Global, Long-Term Perspective
By Uri Dadush and Shimelse Ali
Source: International Economic Bulletin
Over the past decade, China has become an increasingly important economic partner for Latin America. But this trend must be placed in proper perspective. Even as trade and investment links between China and Latin America have grown, the United States and Europe are—and will continue to be—vital trading partners for the region. Moreover, China’s rise is only one part of a broader shift towards a world in which emerging markets have greater economic weight. Policymakers in Latin America need to view China’s growing influence within the context of both current economic patterns and long-term global trends.

March 5, 2012: Cuba, Obama y Las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El presidente Obama se verá fuertemente presionado para justificar su participación en la Cumbre de Cartagena con el presidente cubano Raul Castro este mes de abril, particularmente por ser una año electoral.

March 5, 2012: What Would a Tax Overhaul Mean for Colombia's Economy?
By Roberto Steiner, Marta Lucía Ramírez, Daniel E. Velandia O., Juan David Escobar Valencia
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombia will "do away with a lot of deductions and loopholes" for businesses as part of the overhaul of its tax system, Finance Minister Juan Carlos Echeverry told Dow Jones in an interview published Feb. 20. Colombia's current tax system is unfair to low-wage workers and an overhaul will make it more equitable, said Echeverry. Is Colombia's current tax system holding the country back? What does the overhaul mean for Colombia's economy and the businesses that operate in the country? Will the overhaul win approval in Colombia's Congress, which is dominated by supporters of President Juan Manuel Santos?

March 1, 2012: What's at Stake for Businesses in Mexico's Presidential Election?
By Nicolás Mariscal, Andrew Selee, James R. Jones, and Rogelio Ramírez de la O
Source: Latin America Advisor
Josefina Vázquez Mota, the candidate of Mexico's ruling National Action Party, or PAN, and the first female major-party nominee for president in Mexico's history, is rising in the polls ahead of the country's July presidential election. Vázquez Mota had 32 percent support (eliminating undecided voters) in a poll released Feb. 20 by El Universal and polling firm Buendia & Laredo. The poll showed that Vázquez Mota is still trailing Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, by 16 percentage points. Will Vázquez Mota's support continue rising until election day? How similar is Peña Nieto's PRI from the party that lost Mexico's presidency in 2000 after holding it for more than seven decades? What is at stake for Mexico's business community in the election?

March 1, 2012: Is Latin America Ready for the Next Decade (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
The region is weathering the global economic crisis well,but as the recession deepens and spreads throughout the world, the future remains uncertain. Although the United States is still the region’s most important investment partner, the Obama administration is missing the opportunity to forge effective collaboration on issues ranging from climate change to immigration. And important gains, including the reduction of poverty in South America, remain precarious.

February 28, 2012: La importancia de la cumbre en Cartagena
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La VI Cumbre de las Américas en Cartagena, el 14 y el 15 de abril, tomará la medida de las relaciones políticas en el hemisferio occidental. Aunque el estado de ánimo es probable que sea menos armonioso que en la primera cumbre, celebrada en Miami, Florida, en 1994, también es probable que sea menos conflictivo que la cuarta cumbre, que tuvo lugar en Mar del Plata, Argentina, en 2005.

February 27, 2012: What Are Capriles' Chances of Defeating Chávez in October?
By Daniel Hellinger, Jennifer McCoy, John Walsh, David Smilde,
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan opposition leader Henrique Capriles Radonski handily won the Feb. 12 primary with 62 percent of the vote and is set to face President Hugo Chávez in the country's Oct. 7 presidential elections. What are Capriles' chances of unseating Chávez, whose popularity rankings have been above 50 percent lately? What will be the most important issues of the race? Is the election likely to be free and fair? Would there be a peaceful transfer of power if Capriles wins?

February 23, 2012: Is Honduras' Government Failing to Adequately Function?
By Jorge Ramón Hernández Alcerro, Sandra M. Martinez, Cresencio Arcos, and Carlos Imendia
Source: Latin America Advisor
The catastrophic Feb. 14 fire at an overcrowded Honduran prison, which killed 360 people after guards could not find the keys to inmates' cells, exposed another level of dysfunction in the Central American country. Honduras already has the world's highest murder rate, according to the United Nations, and the U.S. Peace Corps recently withdrew its volunteers from the violence-wracked and corruption-plagued country. Is Honduras' government failing to adequately function and provide basic safeguards for citizens? Is the government of President Porfirio Lobo doing the best it can, or is it falling short? To what extent does Honduras' current problems stem from the country's 2009 coup?

February 18, 2012: Dilma em Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Não obstante algumas expectativas no início de sua Presidência, a recente visita de Dilma Rousseff a Cuba deixou clara a improbabilidade de ela vir a emergir como paladina internacional dos direitos humanos ou da democracia. Esses são assuntos sobre os quais o Brasil deverá permanecer extensivamente mudo fora de suas fronteiras.

February 18, 2012: Dilma in Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
Despite some early expectations for her presidency, Dilma Rousseff’s recent visit to Cuba made clear that she is unlikely to emerge as an international champion of human rights or democracy. These are issues on which Brazil will remain largely mute outside its own borders. Consistent with its history, Brazil’s foreign policy will be constrained by the country’s economic interests and long-standing political commitments, as well as the overwhelming importance it assigns to national sovereignty and nonintervention.

February 17, 2012: Chinese Loans to Latin America: A Better Deal? (PDF)
By Kevin Gallagher, Amos Irwin, and Katherine Koleski
In their Inter-American Dialogue report, “The New Banks in Town: Chinese Finance in Latin America,” Kevin Gallagher, Amos Irwin, and Katherine Koleski offer the first comprehensive summary of China’s lending practices in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The authors provide estimates of the volume, composition, and characteristics of Chinese lending to the region since 2005, offer comparisons to international and Western lending institutions, and examine some commonly held notions about Chinese loans to LAC. These include claims that China’s loans have less favorable terms than those of international financial institutions (IFIs) and Western banks, that Chinese lending carries few policy conditions, and that Chinese lenders impose less stringent environmental guidelines than their Western counterparts. The report lends credence to some of these claims, but less so to others.

February 16, 2012: The New Banks in Town: Chinese Finance in Latin America
By Kevin Gallagher, Amos Irwin, and Katherine Koleski
In their Inter-American Dialogue report, “The New Banks in Town: Chinese Finance in Latin America,” Kevin Gallagher, Amos Irwin, and Katherine Koleski offer the first comprehensive summary of China’s lending practices in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The authors provide estimates of the volume, composition, and characteristics of Chinese lending to the region since 2005, offer comparisons to international and Western lending institutions, and examine some commonly held notions about Chinese loans to LAC. These include claims that China’s loans have less favorable terms than those of international financial institutions (IFIs) and Western banks, that Chinese lending carries few policy conditions, and that Chinese lenders impose less stringent environmental guidelines than their Western counterparts. The report lends credence to some of these claims, but less so to others.

February 15, 2012: El Momento de Henrique Capriles
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El domingo, Henrique Capriles Radonski emergió como el ganador de las primeras elecciones primarias de la oposición venezolana desde que Hugo Chávez llegó al poder en 1999. Su aplastante victoria ofrece pistas acerca de lo que se necesita hacer para tener alguna posibilidad de derrotar a Chávez el 7 de octubre.

February 15, 2012: Gang Violence and Security in Central America: A Conversation with Tom Bruneau
By Daniela de Gonzalez-Arguelles
A discussion with Naval Postgraduate School professor Tom Bruneau to launch his latest book Maras: Gang Violence and Security in Central America (University of Texas Press).

February 15, 2012: The New Banks in Town: Chinese Finance in Latin America (Abstract) (PDF)
By Kevin Gallagher, Amos Irwin, Katherine Koleski
This report, a product of the Dialogue's China and Latin America program, offers the first comprehensive summary of China's lending practices in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The authors provide estimates of the volume, composition, and characteristics of Chinese lending to the region since 2005, offer comparisons to international and Western lending institutions, and examine some commonly held notions about Chinese loans to LAC. These include claims that China's loans have less favorable terms than those of international financial institutions (IFIs) and Western banks, that Chinese lending carries few policy conditions, and that Chinese lenders impose less stringent environmental guidelines than their Western counterparts. The report lends credence to some of these claims, but less so to others.

February 13, 2012: Educación de calidad debe ser la meta
By Katherina Hruskovec
Source: Tal Cual
En Venezuela no se gestan las discusiones que se plantean en otras partes del mundo e, incluso, en las naciones latinoamericanas hermanas con quienes compartimos idioma, cultura y geografía. Mientras ustedes leen estas líneas, otros países, con sus aciertos y desaciertos, discuten la calidad de su educación pública y se nos adelantan en la larga carrera hacia el desarrollo.

February 10, 2012: What is Behind the Escalating Tensions over the Falklands?
By John Hughes, Graciela C. Römer, Rosendo Fraga, Mark P. Jones, Juan Cruz Díaz
Source: Latin America Advisor
Tensions between Great Britain and Argentina over the Falkland Islands have been escalating ahead of the 30th anniversary the Falklands War in 1982, which resulted in nearly 1,000 British and Argentine deaths. In December, the Mercosur trade bloc, in solidarity with Argentina, closed its ports to ships flying the Falkland Islands flag. Demonstrators outside British embassy in Buenos Aires have also burned the Union Jack. Britain, for its part, announced last month it is sending a warship to the area, and on Feb. 2 Prince William arrived in the Falklands for a high-profile, six-week deployment. What is driving the heightened rhetoric? What is at stake for both countries, and their allies?

February 10, 2012: Initiative on Security and Migration in Central America and Mexico: Second Meeting, Guatemala
By Rachel Schwartz
On February 10 and 11, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted the second meeting of its initiative on security and migration in Central America and Mexico, in conjunction with the Asociación de Investigación y Estudios Sociales (ASIES) and La Red Centroamericana de Centros de Pensamiento e Incidencia.

February 10, 2012: Initiative on Security and Migration in Central America and Mexico: Second Meeting, Guatemala
By Rachel Schwartz
On February 10 and 11, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted the second meeting of its initiative on security and migration in Central America and Mexico, in conjunction with the Asociación de Investigación y Estudios Sociales (ASIES) and La Red Centroamericana de Centros de Pensamiento e Incidencia.

February 8, 2012: Lecciones de la visita de Dilma a Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Aprendimos tres cosas de la visita de Dilma Rousseff a Cuba. Primero es poco probable que Brasil emerja como un campeón público de los derechos humanos o la democracia. Segundo, su gobierno ha mostrado una mayor flexibilidad hacia temas de democracia y derechos humanos que su predecesor. Tercero, mucha gente están convencidos de que Brasil puede hacer la diferencia en el comportamiento de gobiernos en sitios como Cuba, Venezuela e Irán.

February 8, 2012: Does Brazil's Rousseff Care Enough About Cuban Democracy?
By Peter Hakim, Lino Gutierrez, Margaret Daly Hayes, Daniel Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff last week paid a two-day visit to Cuba. Although trade was the main agenda item, the trip also raised questions about the extent to which Brazil wants to see democratic change in the communist nation. Rousseff told reporters that it isn't Brazil's place to judge Cuba's human rights record, adding that while Brazil granted a visa to dissident Cuban blogger Yoani Sánchez, it was for Cuba to decide whether to let her go. (Sánchez said last Friday that Cuba denied her an exit permit.) How much influence does Brazil wield in the debate over democracy and human rights in Cuba? How important is Brazil's support to Cuba's economy? Has Brazil's stance toward Cuba changed since the administration of Rousseff's predecessor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva?

February 8, 2012: Lionel Messi y la reprimenda del FMI a la Argentina
By Claudio Loser
Dos hechos aparentemente inconexos demuestran los problemas que enfrenta la Argentina en el escenario mundial. La última edición de la conocida revista estadounidense TIME menciona en un detallado articulo la triunfal carrera de Lionel Messi, el brillante y sencillo jugador del Barca, pero desdeñado en nuestra nativa Argentina. Ello de por sí me es incomprensible cuando veo a mis muy norteamericanos nietos, pero orgullosos con sus camisetas albicelestes con el nombre del gran jugador.

February 6, 2012: Brazil and the US Security Agenda
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Externa
In recent years, Brazil’s international policies, particularly in the global arena, have often clashed with US security interests and, at times, have been viewed in Washington as directly threatening those interests. Should we expect that the year-old government of Dilma Rousseff will stick to more pragmatic and moderate international policies than her more flamboyant and ambitious predecessor? And what can the US do to reduce the prospects of discord with Brazil on global and regional matters? The US security agenda is most seriously challenged by Brazil’s expanding global activism – not by its regional leadership role. The growing mistrust between the two countries should not be surprising. Nor should the occasional tensions. Changes in approach would benefit both nations.

February 6, 2012: O Brasil e a agenda de segurança dos EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Externa
Nos últimos anos, a política internacional brasileira, principalmente na arena global, entrou várias vezes em confl ito com os interesses de segurança dos EUA e, em certas ocasiões, foi vista pelo governo americano como uma ameaça direta a esses interesses. Será que podemos esperar que o governo de Dilma Rousseff, com apenas um ano de idade, apeguese a políticas internacionais mais pragmáticas e moderadas do que seu predecessor, mais extravagante e ambicioso? E o que os EUA podem fazer para reduzir a possibilidade de discórdia com o Brasil em assuntos mundiais e regionais, talvez para engajar de modo mais efetivo o Brasil como aliado nos interesses americanos?

February 5, 2012: ¿Conseguirá Obama un segundo mandato?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
Todo puede ocurrir, pero lo más probable es que Obama sea reelegido. Es un candidato vulnerable, sobre todo en materia económica. Pero la economía está mejorando, y si la tendencia se mantiene el presidente debería estar en una posición más sólida en noviembre.

February 5, 2012: Will Obama Win a Second Term?
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
Anything can happen, but the chances are that Obama will be reelected. He is vulnerable, especially on the economy. But the economy is improving, and if the trend remains positive, he should be in a strong position in November.

February 3, 2012: Would Falling Commodity Prices Sink the Region's Economies?
By Graciana del Castillo, Alfredo Coutiño, Alicia Bárcena, and Alberto Pfeifer
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to ECLAC, a decade of economic growth, on average, has helped lift 56 million Latin Americans into the middle class since 1999. However, some economists worry that a decline in demand for commodities, which have risen from 27 percent to 39 percent of exports over the past decade, could reverse those gains. What effect would a decrease in commodities prices have on the region? Will the newly emergent middle class slide back into poverty, or are the gains sustainable? Has deindustrialization become an urgent policy concern for some Latin American countries?

February 2, 2012: Drug Crackdowns Pushing Traffickers into Caribbean: Ambassadors
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
WASHINGTON-As the United States pursues security initiatives to combat drug trafficking and insecurity in Latin America, the ambassadors from the Bahamas, Dominican Republic and Jamaica on Wednesday urged U.S. lawmakers not to neglect the Caribbean.

January 31, 2012: Florida define futuro republicano
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La montaña rusa en que se ha convertido la carrera para seleccionar el candidato republicano que enfrente al presidente Barack Obama, en las elecciones del próximo noviembre, ha llegado a un punto de inflexión.

January 31, 2012: Florida defines the Republicans' future
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The rollercoaster race to select the Republican nominee to face President Barack Obama in next November’s election has reached a key turning point.

January 30, 2012: The Debate the GOP Didn't Have in Florida
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
One can be forgiven for assuming that a primary election in Florida -- a state with a huge Latino population, often touted as the gateway to Latin America -- would offer the best time and place to have a serious debate about how the United States should deal with its closest neighbors, its proverbial "backyard." But that would be ignoring past experience and today's political realities.

January 30, 2012: The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989 - 2010 (PDF)
By Raymundo Campos, Gerardo Esquivel, and Nora Lustig
Inequality in Mexico rose between 1989 and 1994 and declined between 1994 and 2010. Raymundo Campos, Gerardo Esquivel, and Nora Lustig examine the role of market forces (demand and supply of labour by skill), institutional factors (minimum wages and unionization rate), and public policy (cash transfers) in explaining changes in inequality.

January 24, 2012: A Conversation with Ricardo Lagos
By Sarah Cardona
On Tuesday, January 24, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion with former president of Chile Ricardo Lagos to launch his new book, Southern Tiger: Chile’s Fight for a Peaceful and Democratic Future (Palgrave Macmillan).

January 23, 2012: The Shifting Landscape of Latin American Regionalism (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Brazil’s rise, coupled with the diminished influence of the United States and the increasingly salient global role of China, has reshuffled the kaleidoscope of regional organizations in the Americas.

January 23, 2012: Will Colombia's Government and the FARC Begin Talks?
By Marta Lucía Ramírez, Silke Pfeiffer, Marc Chernick, and Adam Isacson
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia leader Rodrigo Londoño, alias "Timochenko," said Jan. 9 that the guerrilla group is interested in potentially negotiating with the government, indicating that it would like to restart the agenda of the 1999-2002 negotiations. In response, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said that talks would only happen if the FARC releases all hostages and ends its attacks. How successful has the government's offensive against the FARC been? Are there likely to be major new developments in the decades-long conflict in the near future? What steps should the government be taking?

January 17, 2012: El Momento de Guatemala
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Ningún presidente en las Américas se enfrenta a un desafío más difícil y a un escrutinio más fuerte que Otto Pérez Molina, quien asumió el poder en Guatemala, el sábado.

January 12, 2012: Mexico Making Strides in Fight Against Cartels: Public Security Secretary
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite the pervasiveness of grisly headlines, Mexican security forces are nonetheless making gains in the fight against organized crime, the country's secretary for public security, Genaro García Luna, said Wednesday.

January 12, 2012: The Next Summit of the Americas: A Preview of Cartagena, Colombia
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
In April, in Cartagena, Colombia, the Summit of the Americas will bring together the hemisphere’s 34 elected presidents and prime ministers. There are certainly reasons for optimism about the Cartagena Summit. But it is clear that the success of this Summit will depend on the leadership and creativity of Colombia and other Latin American and Caribbean countries.

January 9, 2012: Caracas or Bust: Is Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's latest tour of Latin America a waste of time?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
With his country in economic turmoil and facing unprecedented international pressure, the reasons for Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's latest Caribbean excursion are hardly a mystery. As an international outcast under increasing pressure due to his nuclear program, Ahmadinejad is understandably anxious to reinforce ties with the few allies he has left. And at a moment of escalating tensions with Washington, amid Iran's threats to close the Strait of Hormuz, the temptation to push back against the United States by showing up in its so-called "backyard" is irresistible.

January 9, 2012: ¿Son exagerados los temores de EE.UU. a los lazos entre Irán y América Latina?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Infolatam
La preocupación sobre las actividades de Hezbollah e Irán en Latinoamérica es ciertamente legítima y éstas tendrían que ser observadas atentamente. Es razonable suponer que la administración Obama está haciendo porecisamente eso.

January 8, 2012: En Cuba la Iglesia puede ser un actor en cualquier cambio
By Michael Shifter
El papa Benedicto XVI visitará la isla caribeña en marzo próximo y eso, a juicio de un analista estadounidense, es reflejo de que la Iglesia es la institución cubana mejor posicionada en una eventual transición que ocurriera.

January 5, 2012: The United States and Latin America: The Neighbourhood has Changed
By Peter Hakim
Source: The International Spectator
Centrifugal forces are gaining strength year by year in inter-American relations. US policy toward neighbouring Latin America is today retreating from a long tradition of efforts to formulate a Latin American-wide policy. It is early to dismiss the prospect of a future resurgence of hemispheric cooperation. Surely the US and Latin America share enough common interests and values for cooperation, even integration to benefit all countries. But the trend is now toward a Latin America increasingly independent of the US. The United States is becoming more and more focused on its own problems, while increasingly middle class, globalised Latin American nations are finding new partners, and determinedly pursuing their own course.

January 3, 2012: Un año con alta dosis electoral
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En 2012, tres elecciones presidenciales -México, Venezuela y los Estados Unidos- podría alterar el mapa político y las relaciones en las Américas.

December 20, 2011: Obama: Causas y azares (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Ideele
Pocos estarían en desacuerdo con que el estado de ánimo de la nación,durante el primer periodo del primer presidente afroamericano en los Estados Unidos —que generó un enorme entusiasmo bajo el atractivo lema de “esperanza y cambio”— ha sido especialmente pesimista.

December 16, 2011: Where Does Chile's Education Budget Leave the Protests?
By Jeffrey Puryear, Peter M. Siavelis, Patricio Navia, Peter Winn
Source: Latin America Advisor
In what was reported as a blow to Chilean student groups that have been protesting for more than six months for more investment in public education and less private sector involvement, the center-right government's more austere 2012 public education budget won legislative approval Nov. 28 by a three-vote margin in the Chamber of Deputies. The proposed budget of $11.6 billion for 2012 is an increase of $350 million from the previous year, less an increase than students wanted, Reuters reported. Where does the close education budget vote leave the student protests? Is the money allocated by the government going where it is most needed? In addition to money, what are the other areas of concern in Chile's education system and how can the system be improved?

December 14, 2011: ¿Tendrá éxito la CELAC dónde otros similares han fallado?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Los países de América Latina tenían diferentes razones para promover la CELAC.Teniendo en cuenta la disminución de la relevancia de Washington en los asuntos regionales, los beneficios para América Latina de una organización política de toda la región con Estados Unidos como miembro están disminuyendo. Sin embargo, sólo los más cercanos aliados de Venezuela en el grupo del Alba pidieron que la CELAC reemplace a la OEA. A pesar de todo, la mayoría de los gobiernos de América Latina todavía quieren a los Estados Unidos bajo el mismo techo.

December 14, 2011: Will CELAC Succeed Where Other Similar Efforts Have Failed?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Latin American countries had different reasons for promoting CELAC. Brazil was most responsible for CELAC. It was at Brazil's 'megasummit' in 2009, where an already expanded Rio Group was essentially renamed CELAC-and Lula was able to show the reach, influence and leadership of Brazil.

December 13, 2011: The "Other" Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Twenty years ago it would have been hard to imagine that all Latin American and Caribbean governments would have created an organization that excluded the United States. It would have been equally unthinkable that the head of the International Monetary Fund would have gone to the region to request help for a European economic crisis.

December 13, 2011: La otra América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace 20 años hubiera sido difícil imaginar que todos los gobiernos latinoamericanos y caribeños crearan una organización que excluyera a Estados Unidos. Hubiera sido igual de inconcebible que el jefe del Fondo Monetario Internacional se fuera a la región para solicitar ayuda para una crisis económica europea.

December 8, 2011: The New Opposition: A Serious Challenge to Hugo Chávez
By Katherina Hruskovec and Cory Siskind
Source: International Affairs Review
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez is on the defensive. Opposition candidates squared off in a mid-November debate that gave a major boost to the previously troubled opposition. As the five candidates discussed the most pressing issues, including crime and the economy, they show-cased how much the opposition has evolved. At the onset of Chávez’s rise to power, the opposition was fragmented, disorganized, accusatory, and incompetent. However, during the recent debate, the candidates demonstrated poise and seriously addressed the concerns of many Venezuelans, instead of just criticizing Chávez.

December 4, 2011: América Latina no se desvinculará de EE UU por la CELAC (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
El presidente de Diálogo Interamericano advirtió que el hecho de que Washington y ottawa no formen parte del mecanismo de integración no quiere decir que se alcancen consensos con más facilidad

December 1, 2011: 2010 Program Report (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
A summary overview of the Inter-American Dialogue's work in 2010.

December 1, 2011: ANÁLISIS DESCRIPTIVO DE LAS INSTITUCIONES RESPONSABLES DE LA GESTIÓN DE LAS POLÍTICAS MIGRATORIAS EN COSTA RICA Y NICARAGUA (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Beatriz Slooten
Source: EU - LAC
Las diferentes actividades del proyecto tienen como objetivo el fortalecimiento de las capacidades institucionales en la gestión de políticas migratorias ligadas a las realidades del mercado laboral y en particular a los procesos de retorno voluntario de migrantes. A tal efecto y con el fin de conocer la estructura institucional en América Latina y el Caribe, se han elaborado cinco análisis descriptivos sobre las capacidades y funciones de las instituciones encargadas de la definición y gestión de las políticas migratorias en los siguientes países: Costa Rica y Nicaragua

November 29, 2011: Nations Should Guarantee Services to Aid Growth: U.N. Report
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Approximately 5.1 billion people, or two thirds of the world's population, lack social protections such as adequate access to sanitation, health care and other essential services, according to a report released last month by a U.N. panel. It concluded that nations should adopt a "social protection floor," which would guarantee basic income and affordable services to all.

November 14, 2011: A Conversation with Michelle Bachelet
By Rachel Sadon
On November 14, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion with former president of Chile Michelle Bachelet on what has to be done to protect the world's vulnerable populations in this time of global economic downturn.

November 10, 2011: Industrial Policy and Innovation in Brazil: Dilma’s New Approach
By Erick Marin
The Inter-American Dialogue and Prospectiva Consulting will host a discussion on the Brazilian government’s new innovation and technology policies. The event will take place at the Dialogue on Thursday, November 10th from 8:30 to 10:30. The new policies of the 10-month old Dilma administration are designed to energize Brazil’s industrial development and raise its low productivity and lagging international competitiveness. A group of distinguished analysts and business leaders will review the government’s plans to draw new manufacturing industries and advanced technologies to Brazil—and assess the likely impact on different sectors of the economy.

November 9, 2011: Las tecnologías digitales: Un camino hacia una mejor educación y salud en las comunidades remotas
By Peter Hakim con Mariellen Jewers
A medida que el uso de los computadores personales se generaliza y la educación y la salud se vuelven cada vez más dependientes de las tecnologías digitales, se han escuchado crecientes advertencias acerca de la posibilidad de que se genere una “divisoria digital”. Se temía que la divisoria aumentara las brechas tecnológicas ya existentes, dejando a los países, las comunidades y las familias más pobres cada vez más atrás.

November 9, 2011: Dos retos en la región para EE.UU.
By Interview with Michael Shifter
EE.UU. y la región enfrentan dos grandes retos: la escalada de la violencia vinculada al narcotráfico y el deterioro institucional en países como Nicaragua.

November 9, 2011: Digital Technologies: A Path to Improved Education and Health in Remote Communities
By Peter Hakim with Mariellen Jewers
As the use of personal computers became common, and education and health care seemed increasingly dependent on digital technologies, escalating alarms were heard about the prospect of a “digital divide.” The divide, it was feared, would compound existing technological backwardness and leave poorer countries, communities, and families further and further behind.

November 9, 2011: El reto es la calidad (PDF)
By Policy Monitoring Reports
Tras la publicación el año 2006 del primer Informe de Progreso Educativo de República Dominicana, una nueva versión, correspondiente a 2010 y titulada “El reto es la calidad”, pretende medir los cambios que han acontecido desde entonces. Este documento destaca que el país ha avanzado significativamente en la cobertura de la educación básica, pero la calidad de la educación sigue siendo su gran desafío.

November 4, 2011: Will Brazil Be Part of the Solution to the Eurozone Crisis?
By Joel Korn, Albert Fishlow, Giorgio Romano Schutte

October 31, 2011: Replantear la política antidroga de EE UU
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Nadie está satisfecho con las políticas de combate a las drogas aplicadas por EE UU en los últimos 40 años. Pese a que la mayoría de los estadounidenses cree que la ‘guerra contra las drogas’ ha fracasado, el debate en Washington permanece prácticamente mudo.

October 31, 2011: Rethinking US Drug Policy
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
No one is satisfied with the United States’ anti-drug policies today. Despite the fact that a majority of US citizens now believe that their forty-year “war on drugs” has failed, there is hardly any debate at all in Washington over the US approach to illicit drugs.

October 30, 2011: Deseo mutuo de reducir tensiones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perfil
Casi tan predecible como la impresionante victoria de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner fue la invitación de Barack Obama para reunirse en el encuentro del G20. Después de varios años difíciles, parece haber un deseo sano y mutuo de reducir las tensiones bilaterales.

October 30, 2011: A mutual desire to reduce tensions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perfil
Almost as unsurprising as Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner’s impressive victory on October 23 was President Barack Obama’s invitation to meet with the re-elected Argentine president at this week’s G-20 summit in Cannes, France. There appears to be a healthy, mutual desire to reduce bilateral tensions, after a number of difficult years.

October 28, 2011: Activists Decry Brazil's Decision to Boycott Belo Monte Meeting
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Brazilian government on Wednesday refused to attend a meeting with activists opposed to the Belo Monte dam convened by the OAS's Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR). Members of the indigenous community and environmental groups that traveled to Washington for the meeting were surprised by the decision and lambasted the government, calling its actions "arrogant and undemocratic" at a press conference staged outside the OAS building.

October 26, 2011: China Must Respect Peru's Development Model, Prime Minister Says
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
While relations with China are increasingly important, Peru intends to ensure the Asian giant respects its environment and workers, Prime Minister Salomón Lerner said Tuesday.

October 26, 2011: Guatemala's Electoral Outlook: A Conversation with Eduardo Stein
By Rachel Schwartz
On October 26, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on the second round of Guatemala’s presidential elections led by former Vice President Eduardo Stein.

October 21, 2011: A Conversation with Josefina Vázquez Mota
By Alexandra Solano
According to Josefina Vázquez Mota, leading primary candidate for Mexico’s Partido Acción Nacional (PAN), the next nine months are not only going to shape the next six years in Mexico, but the rest of the 21st century.

October 18, 2011: TLC, una historia no tan feliz
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Algún día, alguien escribirá la historia completa y objetiva sobre el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos, aprobado finalmente por el Congreso el pasado 12 de octubre. (Los acuerdos con panamá y Corea del Sur también pasaron).

October 14, 2011: Half of Aruba's Energy to Come From Renewable Sources by 2013
By Rachel Sadon
By 2013, half of Aruba's energy will come from wind and solar sources, Prime Minister Mike Eman said Thursday.

October 14, 2011: The Mexican Diaspora Investment Partnership (PDF)
By Christian Reyes
The Dialogue hosted a discussion on the role of the Mexican diaspora in fostering investment and public-private partnerships in Mexico.

October 13, 2011: Security and Energy Policy in Aruba: A Conversation with Prime Minister Mike Eman
By Kimberly Covington
The Dialogue hosted a discussion on security and energy policy in Aruba with Prime Minister Mike Eman.

October 13, 2011: The Colombia and Panama Free Trade Deals: New Momentum for US-Latin American Relations?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Some six years after they were formally signed, the US Congress has finally ratified the Colombia and Panama free trade agreements (FTAs) with the United States. Given the political animosity and distrust between Republicans and Democrats, it was touch and go until the last minute, but the accord between the White House and the congressional leadership held fast and the agreements passed by large majorities in both the Senate and the House. This is good news for the US, Panama and Colombia--all of which will see an expansion of exports and cheaper imports, and probably a range of new investments. It is also worth noting that the approval of the Colombia FTA was made possible by significant advances in public security and human rights, and that the pact demands needed additional reforms in the country.

October 12, 2011: EE.UU. y los TLCs con Colombia y Panamá
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Es pronto para descartar la posibilidad de un resurgimiento de la cooperación interamericana en algún momento en el futuro. Sin duda, EE.UU. comparte suficientes intereses y valores comunes con América Latina y el Caribe para que la cooperación y la integración puedan beneficiar a todos los países. Pero por ahora, la tendencia es hacia una América Latina cada vez más independiente y alejada de los EE.UU.. Y cada vez más, los EE.UU. está tratando con América Latina como lo hace con la mayoría de las regiones del mundo. Las relaciones bilaterales son cada vez más dominantes, mientras que las perspectivas regionales están disminuyendo.

October 12, 2011: Will Washington or Havana Move Toward Warmer Relations?
By Connie Mack, Jennifer McCoy, Christopher Sabatini, and Jerry Haar
Source: Latin America Advisor

October 11, 2011: South America's Governance Agenda
By Michael Shifter and Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
In June 2011, Ollanta Humala was elected president of Peru after campaigning on a platform of change. Significant for Peru, but also for South America more broadly, Humala advocated for moderate, not revolutionary, change -- calling for a better and fairer distribution of the fruits of Peru's impressive economic growth and for lower levels of corruption and crime. That kind of program won't entail upending the prevailing system. It will, however, require serious institutional reform.

October 9, 2011: Sergio Bitar adelanta su libro "Un futuro común: Chile, Bolivia, Perú" (PDF)
By Juan Pablo Toro
Source: El Mercurio
El ex ministro postula que la integración con los países vecinos es crucial para favorecer a largo plazo los intereses del país, más allá de la Haya y las desconfianzas históricas.

October 7, 2011: The Cuban Diaspora in the 21st Century
By Will Vogt
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a session to launch The Cuban Diaspora in the 21st Century, a special report of Florida International University’s Cuban Research Institute.

October 7, 2011: The cost of sending money and the impact of technology
By Ulric Rindebro
Source: Business News Americas
Remittances are a vital source of foreign exchange income for many countries and families in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). After many years of fast growth, remittances to LAC saw a steep drop in 2009 due to the global economic and financial crisis. The flows of remittances to the region started to recover last year, and this year growth is expected to be around 7%.

October 7, 2011: A paciência se esgota
By Roberto Teixiera Da Costa
Source: O Globo
Um país visto como modelo na América Latina, respeitado por seus índices de desenvolvimento, política econômica e social elogiada, crescimento do PIB, diminuição da pobreza, melhor índice de comportamento ético da região, entre tantos outros vetores positivos, está vivendo uma crise institucional que causa surpresa!

October 6, 2011: A Conversation with Bill Richardson
By Rachel Schwartz
As the global financial crisis continues to alter US relations with the rest of the hemisphere, greater engagement in the region remains in the critical interest of the United States, contended Bill Richardson, former governor of New Mexico and special envoy to the OAS, at a private dinner co-hosted by the Vidanta Foundation and the Inter-American Dialogue on October 6.

October 1, 2011: A Country Profile on the Gambia: The Marketplace & Financial Access (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anjali Banthia, and Mariama Ashcroft
Source: Women's World Banking
This report provides an overview of the marketplace shaping intermediation of remittance transfers to the Gambia. The report looks at the regulatory environment, the participation of competitors in the origin and destination of remittances and explores the relationship between remittances and finance.

October 1, 2011: Poverty, Inequality and the Millennium Development Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Nora Lustig
Evidence shows that poverty and inequality have dropped sharply in most of Latin America and the Caribbean in the past decade. Progress, however, is not uniform across the region, which remains impoverished and unequal with many education and health deficiencies. This paper will highlight progress and specific challenges in making progress toward the Millennium Development Goals, and recommend action to reduce poverty and inequality and promote education and health.

September 27, 2011: Are Long-Stalled U.S. Free-Trade Pacts Headed for Passage?
By Peter Hakim, Celeste Drake, Carlos Mateo Paz-Soldan
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk said Sept. 12 that negotiations on passing free-trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea are currently underway in the U.S. Senate, where the Obama administration last week won approval of the revamped Trade Adjustment Assistance job retraining act. Kirk has expressed optimism that the trade pacts would be passed by the time President Barack Obama hosts leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation in November. Will the three accords receive congressional approval by then? What is standing in the way of the FTAs' approval? What would continued delay mean for U.S. economic and political relations with Colombia and Panama?

September 24, 2011: Pobreza, desigualdad y Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en América Latina y el Caribe
By Nora Lustig
Tal como lo demuestran una serie de documentos oficiales y publicaciones académicas recientes, la región en su conjunto ha experimentado una reducción significativa de la indigencia, la pobreza y la desigualdad en la distribución del ingreso durante la década pasada. Asimismo, ha habido indudable progreso en materia de acceso a educación, salud e infraestructura básica así como en los indicadores de nutrición y salud. La región en su conjunto avanza a ritmo adecuado para el cumplimiento de un buen número de las metas planteadas en los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio.Sin embargo, amén de que el grado de progreso es heterogéneo y hay países claramente rezagados donde las metas probablemente no se cumplan. En este documento no se intentará hacer un análisis exhaustivo de todo lo pendiente en la agenda social sino de poner énfasis en algunos aspectos que requieren particular atención.

September 23, 2011: A Conversation with Marcelo Zabalaga Estrada, President of the Bolivian Central Bank
By Patrick Murray
Bolivia’s success as one of the fastest growing economies in the past decade stems from its unique economic model, argued Central Bank president Marcelo Zabalaga at the Inter-American Dialogue on September 23, 2011. Under President Evo Morales, Bolivia has strived to increase state involvement, redistribute wealth, and distance itself from North American financial influence.

September 23, 2011: Managing Natural Disasters
By Lucy Conger, with research assistance from Cory Siskind
Like other developing regions, Latin America and the Caribbean is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters. In the three decades between 1980 and 2010, some 4 million people a year in Latin America, on average, were disaster victims. Some lost their lives. Others endured injuries, property damage, and loss of income and jobs. 2010 was a particularly destructive year. The region suffered three-quarters of all disaster-related deaths worldwide, largely due to the Haitian earthquake, with its toll of some 230,000 lives. Only a few months later, the Chilean earthquake, the world’s costliest natural hazard that year, produced an estimated $30 billion in losses. As climate change accelerates, the frequency and intensity of natural disasters are likely to escalate further worldwide. The scientific evidence suggests that Latin America and the Caribbean will experience an increasing number of major disasters in the coming years.

September 23, 2011: Constructing Citizen Security in the Americas
By Peter Hakim with Kim Covington
Public security is today the issue that most troubles the citizens of nearly every country of Latin America and the Caribbean. According to survey data, some 27 percent of the region’s population identified crime as the most important problem confronting their country in 2010—more than any other issue, including the economy and unemployment, which had long been the dominant concerns. Crime and public safety was the top issue in 11 of the 18 countries polled.

September 23, 2011: Construyendo la Seguridad Ciudadana en las Américas
By Peter Hakim con Kim Covington
La seguridad pública es el problema que más preocupa actualmente a los ciudadanos de casi todos los países de América Latina y el Caribe. De acuerdo a los datos obtenidos mediante de estudios de opinión, alrededor del 27% de la población de la región identificó la delincuencia como el mayor problema que debió enfrentar su país en 2010, por sobre cualquier otro problema, incluyendo la economía y el desempleo, que por largo tiempo fueron las preocupaciones dominantes. La delincuencia y la seguridad pública fueron identificadas como el principal problema en 11 de los 18 países encuestados.

September 23, 2011: El manejo de los desastres naturales
By Lucy Conger, con el aporte de investigaciones realizadas por Cory Siskind
Al igual que otras regiones en desarrollo, la región de América Latina y el Caribe es extremadamente vulnerable a los desastres naturales. Durante las tres décadas transcurridas entre 1980 y 2010, un promedio anual de alrededor de 4 millones de personas fueron víctimas de desastres naturales en América Latina. Algunas perdieron la vida y otras sufrieron lesiones, daños a la propiedad y pérdida de ingresos y empleos. El año 2010 fue un año particularmente destructivo. Las tres cuartas partes de las muertes relacionadas con desastres naturales ocurridas en el mundo se registraron en la región, en gran medida debido al terremoto de Haití, que dejó un saldo de alrededor de 230.000 víctimas fatales. Sólo unos pocos meses más tarde, el terremoto que afectó a Chile, el desastre natural más costoso del mundo ese año, produjo pérdidas estimadas en US$30 mil millones.

September 22, 2011: Rising Brazil: Domestic and International Trends
By Katie Hufnagel
In his most recent book, Starting Over: Brazil Since 1985, Albert Fishlow addresses Brazil’s transformation over the past 25 years, focusing on trade, economics, and the country’s unique global role. At an event hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue on September 22, Fishlow presented the critical aspects of Brazilian development that he describes in his latest work, with questions and commentary provided by Paulo Sotero, director of the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Brazil Institute, and Peter Hakim, president emeritus of the Inter-American Dialogue

September 21, 2011: A Discussion on Obama's New Deportations Policy and the Future of Immigration
By Christian Reyes
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on on the deportations policy recently announced by President Obama with Angela Kelly, vice president for immigration policy and advocacy at the Center for American Progress; Patricia Montes, executive director of Centro Presente; and Manuel Orozco, senior associate and director of the remittances and development program at the Inter-American Dialogue.

September 20, 2011: Guatemala's Uncertain Future: Combating Crime and Impunity
By Elizabeth Wagner
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on the struggle against impunity and organized crime in Guatemala on Tuesday, September 20.

September 20, 2011: Fighting for the Right: Community Participation in Post-Transitional Democracies (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Beatriz Slooten
Source: Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

September 19, 2011: Nicaragua's Political Outlook
By Christian Reyes
With the upcoming elections in Nicaragua on November 6, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on the country’s political outlook with Benjamin Lugo, head of the Coordinators for Civil Society of Nicaragua; Marcos Carmona, head of the Human Rights Commission of Nicaragua, and Manuel Orozco, senior associate and director of the remittances and development program at the Inter-American Dialogue.

September 9, 2011: Fresh Colombia Violence Puts Santos in Tight Spot
By Interview with Michael Shifter
A recent uptick in attacks on Colombia's energy infrastructure, along with a 25 percent increase in kidnappings, has prompted a speculation about whether major security gains made in the country over the past decade may be deteriorating.

September 8, 2011: U.S.-Latin America Relations Stale: Former Foreign Ministers
By Rachel Sadon
Despite dramatic changes in circumstances, Latin Americans perceive few significant changes in relations with the United States since President Barack Obama took office, two former foreign ministers, Guillermo Fernández de Soto of Colombia and Gustavo Fernández Saavedra of Bolivia, said Wednesday at the annual CAF Conference on the Americas.

September 7, 2011: XV Annual CAF Conference on the Americas
By Mary Dempsey
Is Latin America ready for the next decade? The region is weathering the global economic crisis well, but as it deepens and spreads globally, the future remains uncertain. Although the United States remains the region’s most important investment partner, the Obama administration is missing the opportunity to forge effective collaboration on issues ranging from climate change to immigration. And important gains, including the reduction of poverty in South America, remain precarious.

September 7, 2011: A Decade of Change: Political, Economic, and Social Developments in Western Hemisphere Affairs (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
The purpose of this volume is to take stock of the evolution of some of the most salient political, economic, and social developments in recent years. All of the essays review progress that has been made over the course of a single decade—in most cases, from 1998 to 2008. They provide essential background and are highly germane to the fundamental challenges and opportunities facing the Western Hemisphere in the second decade of the twenty-first century.

September 7, 2011: Latin America and the United States: Looking Towards 2020 (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
The ongoing and unprecedented speed of global change demands a new responsibility from Latin American countries: if they are to govern more effectively they must anticipate change and think in the long term. Across all policy areas-economic, social, technological, political, military, climate change, and immigration—global transformations are increasingly affecting the well-being of nations. Success will come to those best able to prepare for and design long-term strategies. The same holds true for international policy and, in particular, for future relations with the United States.

August 30, 2011: Los riesgos del "modelo libio"
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Muchos analistas en Washington han señalado que el derrocamiento del régimen tiránico de Muamar el Gadafi es un modelo para futuras intervenciones de EE.UU. en el mundo árabe y otros lugares.

August 4, 2011: Measuring Up? (PDF)
By Alejandro J. Ganimian and Alexandra Solano Rocha
This document presents a brief analysis of how Latin America and the Caribbean countries performed on the 2009 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)–an achievement test administered by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) every three years since 2000 that assesses what 15-year-olds know and can do in reading, math and science.

August 4, 2011: ¿Estan al nivel? (PDF)
By Alejandro J. Ganimian y Alexandra Solano Rocha
Este documento presenta un breve análisis del desempeño de América Latina y el Caribe en el Programa de Evaluación de Estudiantes (PISA) del 2009–una prueba global de rendimiento estudiantil administrada por la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico (OCDE) cada tres años desde el 2000 que evalúa las habilidades de los jóvenes de 15 años en lectura, matemática y ciencias.

August 3, 2011: Cuba 1.5? The State of the Internet and Uses of Social Media in a Changing Cuba
By Katherina Hruskovec
In the Internet’s infancy, Cuba was among the leading nations of the Caribbean in computer networking. Today, Cuba is stuck on Web 1.0, behind the rest of the Caribbean and most of the world. What is the outlook for the Internet in Cuba?

August 2, 2011: La anemia de Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Estados Unidos está pasando por un período difícil e incierto. Los problemas son enormes. Una deuda y un déficit insostenibles, el desempleo persistentemente alto, y una brecha creciente entre ricos y pobres. El desempeño económico es anémico. Para muchos estadounidenses, hablar de recuperación después de la crisis económica de 2008 suena a hueco. Más de dos tercios creen que el país va en la dirección equivocada.

August 2, 2011: Sobre Proletarios y "Precarios"
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Hoy cuando se mira la agitación política y social que recorre al mundo y también a Chile una cosa es clara: detrás de esos hechos no está el proletariado ni tampoco los partidos a que estaba relacionado. ¿Quiénes entonces?

July 26, 2011: Is the Drug War Over? Who Won? A Discussion of Where US and Global Drug Policies Are Headed
By Kim Covington
Neither heavy enforcement nor legalization mark the way forward for drug policy, said experts Mark Kleiman, Jon Caulkins and Angela Hawken. The three authors of the new book Drugs and Drug Policy: What Everyone Needs to Know joined Nobel laureate Tom Schelling at the Inter-American Dialogue on Tuesday to engage in a wide-ranging discussion on the future of drug policy.

July 26, 2011: Humala y la política exterior: ¿más continuidad que cambio?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos: Revista del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
Como ha sido el caso con otras presidencias, el éxito o el fracaso de Ollanta Humala dependerá de sus resultados en el tratamiento de los problemas críticos del Perú. El presidente electo tiene un mandato para el cambio moderado, no para una revolución, ni para arriesgar los notables progresos económicos del país en los últimos años, sino para distribuir mejor los beneficios del crecimiento, hacer reformas sociales en serio y reducir la corrupción y el crimen. Los desafíos internos, sin duda, deben tener prioridad sobre la agenda de política exterior de Humala, que obtuvo poca atención durante la campaña.

July 21, 2011: A Conversation with Guatemala's Presidential Commission on the Declassification of Military Archives
By Humberto Galvan
On July 21, 2011, the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on the declassification of military archives in Guatemala. The discussion featured members of the Presidential Commission for the Declassification of Military Archives, including Anibal Samayoa Salazar (Deputy Private Secretary of the Presidency), Marco Tulio Alvarez (Secretary of Peace), and General Eduardo Morales Alvarez (Deputy Chief of Staff for the Guatemalan Army). The session begun with panel members’ reflections on the process, challenges, and implications of the declassification for Guatemala, and was followed by a wide-ranging discussion with participants.

July 15, 2011: Chavez, no longer such a strongman
By Michael Shifter
Source: PODER
Hugo Chavez is no longer Venezuela’s strongman (“hombre fuerte”). With the announcement that he is battling some kind of cancer (and that either radiation or chemotherapy will be necessary), Chavez’s human frailties have been revealed. For his many adoring supporters in particular, that has been a terrible blow and has exploded the sense of Chavez’s immortality.

July 13, 2011: Violence, Crime, and Citizen Security in Central America and Mexico
By William Merrow
The Congressional Members Working Group (CMWG) convened on July 14, 2011 for a dinner discussion on violence, crime, and citizen security in Central America and Mexico.

July 11, 2011: What Lessons Can Europe Learn From Latin America?
By Kevin P. Gallagher, Daniel Marx, Desmond Lachman, and Mark Weisbrot
Source: Latin America Advisor
Since the global economic recession in 2008-09, several European countries have struggled with debt crises that many analysts have likened to Latin America's struggles in past decades. What lessons can Europe learn from Latin America and how should Europe handle its ongoing financial crisis?

July 8, 2011: Discussion of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
By Diana Enriquez
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion among money transfer company executives and representatives of the Division of Consumer and Community Affairs of the Federal Reserve Board on the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. 

July 8, 2011: The U.S. Needs a Drug Policy That Works Much Better
By Kim Covington
Source: Wall Street Journal
The picture the authors paint of a drug-legalized America is sensationalist and plays on existing societal fears that drug use will spread like a disease, infecting all of its users with addiction and a criminal record.

July 7, 2011: What Would Happen if Chávez Couldn't Finish His Term?
By Michael Shifter, Julia Buxton, Jeffrey Davidow, Diego Arria
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced June 30 in a televised address that he is being treated for cancer in Cuba. Four days later, he returned to Venezuela to a hero's welcome. While Chávez's political opponents have joined supporters in wishing him a quick return to health, the situation has prompted questions about the country's governance in the short term, and about the implications of his illness on next year's presidential elections and the country's political system. What would happen if Chávez were unable to finish his term as president? Who would replace him? Is there a real risk that the political and social situation in Venezuela could turn chaotic as a result of Chávez's illness? How does Chávez's illness affect the country as it struggles with inflation, crime, falling oil production and electricity shortages?

July 5, 2011: La Fragilidad Humana de Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chávez, golpeado por el cáncer, no es ya el "hombre fuerte" que pretendía ser durante sus más de 12 años como Presidente de Venezuela. Esté o no totalmente recuperado y regrese a hacerse cargo de su nación, Chávez ha sido debilitado, tanto física como políticamente. Su fragilidad humana ha sido expuesta.

July 5, 2011: Chavez's Health Fuels Political Struggle in Venezuela
By Interview with Michael Shifter and Moises Naim
Celebrations erupted Monday in Caracas as news spread that President Hugo Chavez had returned to Venezuela after receiving cancer treatment in Cuba. Ray Suarez discusses the nation's recent political struggles with Moises Naim of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Michael Shifter of the Inter-American Dialogue.

July 1, 2011: A Conversation with Héctor Arce Zaconeta, Chair of Bolivia's Chamber of Deputies
By Robert Palacios
According to Héctor Arce, Bolivia has experienced significant political change in recent years and is moving toward a more stable, democratic society. Arce, who heads Bolivia’s Chamber of Deputies, spoke at the Inter-American Dialogue on July 1st about Bolivia’s 2009 constitution and reforms enacted by President Evo Morales.

June 28, 2011: If Hugo Goes
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
It's unclear whether the charismatic Venezuelan president is really all that ill. But what is clear is that his country is in serious trouble, whether or not he returns from convalescing in Cuba.

June 27, 2011: A Conversation on Crime and Security in Central America
By Kimberly Covington
Central America faces its most severe security crisis in decades. The key to success lies in regional cooperation said Eduardo Stein, former vice president of Guatemala and director of a network of Central American think tanks known as La Red Centroamericana de Centros de Pensamiento e Incidencia (LaRed).

June 24, 2011: Latin America: From an Unhappy Past to a Promising Future
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economia
In one generation, Latin America has changed dramatically. Twenty-five years ago, Latin America was mired in its worst economic crisis ever. The 1980s were the lost decade, haunted by widespread debt defaults, slow or no growth, skyrocketing unemployment and poverty, and rampant inflation. Today, most of Latin America enjoys rapid growth; poverty and equality, while still shamefully high, are headed downward; and foreign investment is at record levels. Latin America is today a region of middle income, middle class countries.

June 24, 2011: Futuro Prometedor
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economia
En una generación, América Latina ha cambiado dramáticamente. Hace 25 años la región estaba sumida en su peor crisis económica. Hoy la mayoría de la región disfruta de un rápido crecimiento y la inversión extranjera está en niveles récord. En 1986, América Latina salía recién de sus pesadillas dictatoriales. Hoy en día, sólo en Cuba los gobernantes no son elegidos, aunque, por desgracia, algunos de los presientes elegidos de la región están abusando de su autoridad para restringir la democracia.

June 23, 2011: Why Haven't Brazil, Argentina and Chile Backed Carstens?
By Peter Hakim, Markus Jaeger, John Williamson, Riordan Roett
Source: Latin America Advisor
Agustín Carstens, Mexico's respected central bank governor and a former finance minister, has won support from Spain and 13 Latin American countries in his bid to succeed Dominique Strauss-Kahn as the head of the International Monetary Fund. Argentina, Brazil and Chile stand out, however, for not yet endorsing Carstens, who has made the case that emerging economies and Latin America, in particular, should play a stronger role in global affairs. Why are Brazil, Argentina and Chile holding out? Are they likely working together? What does the situation indicate about leadership in the region and Latin America's role in world affairs? Do you think Carstens should get the job?

June 21, 2011: Latin lessons for a eurozone recovery
By Alfonso Prat-Gay
Source: Financial Times
One thing we as Latin Americans have learned from our region’s experience is that piecemeal, time-buying strategies always end up in a messier outcome – and almost always in the messiest possible one.

June 17, 2011: Is Palocci's Resignation a Big Setback to Dilma's Administration?
By Peter Hakim,Terry McCoy, Roberto Padovani, David Fleischer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff's cabinet chief, Antonio Palocci, resigned June 7 amid corruption accusations that he has denied. Palocci has been a key aide to Rousseff, particularly on economic policy and as an ambassador to foreign investors. How will losing Palocci affect Rousseff's administration and her ability to advance her agenda? Will his departure bring major changes to the administration's policies? How effective will Palocci's successor, Gleisi Hoffman, be in the position?

June 15, 2011: Colombia-Venezuela Relations: What Are the Prospects?
By Humberto Galvan
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a wide-ranging conversation about the evolving bilateral relationship between Colombia and Venezuela. The session featured three analysts from Colombia and Venezuela: Rodrigo Pardo, former Colombian foreign minister and currently the editorial director of the newsmagazine Semana; Ana María Sanjuán, professor at the Universidad Central de Venezuela and specialist on Venezuelan politics and foreign policy; and Rafael Nieto, a political commentator and former vice minister of justice in Colombia.

June 14, 2011: Post-Election Peru: Challenges and Possible Scenarios
By Robert Palacios
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a wide-ranging conversation about the significance and implications of Ollanta Humala’s victory in the June 5 Peruvian presidential runoff. The session featured Carlos Basombrio, a sociologist, influential political commentator, and columnist for Perú21, and Gino Costa, president of the Lima-based public policy group Ciudad Nuestra and Minister of the Interior during the Alejandro Toledo administration.

June 9, 2011: Brazil and the U.S.: Remaking a Relationship (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Service Journal
For the foreseeable future, it is almost inevitable that Brazil and the US will be bumping up against one another in this hemisphere and worldwide. They are both deeply engaged in global affairs but with policies and agendas that reflect divergent interests, priorities, and approaches. They will not always be able find common ground or keep their disagreements in check. On most matters, the US-Brazil relationship will involve both conflict and cooperation—as do US ties with other powerful nations.

June 8, 2011: Jamaica Not Yet 'Out of the Woods' After Global Downturn: Golding
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Jamaica has successfully enacted reforms and is emerging from recession, but the country is "not yet out of the woods," Prime Minister Bruce Golding said Tuesday in a speech at the Brookings Institution.

June 7, 2011: A Conversation with the Mayor of Medellín, Alonso Salazar
By Humberto Galvan
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation with Alonso Salazar Jaramillo, the current mayor of Medellín. Salazar, who has been mayor since 2008 and served as secretary of Medellín’s administration from 2004-2006, discussed continuing efforts to maintain security as well as the new challenges that have emerged since he came to office. His opening remarks also focused on what his administration is doing to transform Medellín into an even more important industrial and cultural center of Colombia.

June 7, 2011: Peru's Moment of Opportunity
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Council on Foreign Relations
Michael Shifter says Ollanta Humala capitalized on many Peruvians' frustrations with the country's inequality despite the fact that it is Latin America's fastest-growing economy. His strong support in poorer regions of the country is a "real opportunity" to eradicate some of the recent unrest and bridge the gap between Peru's poor and the business and elite classes.

June 3, 2011: Educational Reforms Helping Students Make the Grade in Chile
By Jeff Puryear
Source: Latin America Advisor
Test scores are up in Chile. Between 2009 and 2010, fourth grade reading scores on the country's national achievement test rose nine points-the largest one-year increase ever recorded. More importantly, most of the gains occurred among the poorest students, rather than among the richest.

June 2, 2011: Security No Longer Dominates U.S.-Colombia Relations: Holguín
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombia has moved past drug trafficking and security as the dominant issues in its relationship with the United States, Colombia's Foreign Minister, María Ángela Holguín, said Wednesday.

June 1, 2011: IV FORUM EUROPA – AMÉRICA LATINA – EE UU/CANADÁ (PDF)
By Áurea Moltó
América Latina aparece hoy como una región vencedora en el cambio de contexto internacional que la crisis financiera ha acelerado. Si bien cada país tiene una específica realidad política y económica, lo cierto es que la transformación en marcha en las estructuras del gobierno económico mundial y, de forma destacada, el impacto de China revalorizan la posición latinoamericana en el nuevo orden. Esto ha sido posible fundamentalmente por tres razones: la estabilidad democrática y macroeconómica en la mayor parte de los países del área; la alta demanda china de materias primas agrícolas, minerales y energéticas; y la participación latinoamericana en grupos como el G-20 y otros esquemas multilaterales de proyección de poder, como el grupo BRIC.

June 1, 2011: A Conversation with Maria Angela Holguín, Foreign Minister of Colombia
By Rachel Sadon
The Inter-American Dialogue, the Council of the Americas, and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars hosted a discussion of Colombian foreign policy with Maria Angela Holguín, the Foreign Minister of Colombia.

June 1, 2011: Novos desafios
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo

June 1, 2011: What to Read on Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
Michael Shifter recommends various books and articles for anyone interested in understanding Venezuela's leaders and politics.

June 1, 2011: Estamos en un punto de asfixia (PDF)
By and interview with Sergio Bitar
Source: Cambio 21

May 26, 2011: Obama y la reforma migratoria
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En los Estados Unidos, ningún tema en la agenda con América Latina despierta tan fuertes pasiones como el de la inmigración. Todos los demás -las drogas, Cuba, Venezuela, el comercio- son secundarios en comparación.

May 25, 2011: Is Ecuador On the Brink of a 'Perfect Dictatorship?
By Gustavo Jalkh, Osvaldo Hurtado, Adrián Bonilla, Christopher Sabatini, Marc Becker
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ecuadoreans cast their votes May 7 in a referendum that many observers considered a gauge of President Rafael Correa's popularity. The 10 questions included issues that would give the president increased control over the media and judiciary, leading former President Osvaldo Hurtado to say the country was on the brink of a 'perfect dictatorship.' Results from the polls indicate that Correa received a 'yes' vote on all 10 questions but with a more narrow victory than expected. Is Ecuador on the 'brink of a perfect dictatorship' or are the reforms necessary? What does the close margin of victory indicate about Correa's leadership? What does the outcome mean for the political landscape of the country?

May 25, 2011: Peru’s Election and Beyond: What’s Next?
By Mariellen Jewers
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion of the political, economic, and social challenges facing Peru. The first panel focused on Peru’s economic and social outlook and featured Patrick Esteruelas, Vice President of the Sovereign Risk Group at Moody's Investors Service, and Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi, Acting Director of the Poverty Reduction and Equity Group at the World Bank. The second panel explored the political circumstances that helped shape the June 5th runoff election, as well as the main political challenges confronting Peru’s next president. José Luis Renique, an expert in Peruvian politics and Professor of History at City University New York, and Jose Gonzales, Director of EMC Managers, participated as the panelists.

May 24, 2011: Can a Chávista become a Lulaista?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Peru's Ollanta Humala and the rebranding of the South American left.

May 24, 2011: Latin America’s Economic Outlook – How Should the Region Respond to Economic Success?
By Inter-American Dialogue
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion about Latin America’s economic outlook featuring Rodrigo Valdés, Senior Advisor of the Western Hemisphere Department at the International Monetary Fund. Valdés discussed the IMF’s recently-released Regional Economic Outlook (REO) for the Western Hemisphere, a bi-annual publication that gives an overview of Latin America’s economic growth and identifies policy recommendations for addressing regional economic challenges.

May 23, 2011: In Peru, hard-won democratic gains at risk
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Today, many Peruvian supporters of democracy are dispirited. When they mark the charter’s 10th year, their country will have a president of suspect democratic credentials. Peru’s already fragile institutions will be severely tested.

May 17, 2011: What Qualities Does the Next Assistant Secretary of State Need?
By Jeffrey Davidow, Otto Reich, Peter F. Romero, Roger Noriega
Arturo Valenzuela, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for the Western Hemisphere, announced in an email to his staff on May 5 that he is stepping down this summer to return to his academic position at Georgetown University. What have been Valenzuela's successes and shortcomings in the position? What does his departure-along with vacancies in the U.S. ambassador posts in Mexico, Ecuador, Venezuela and Bolivia-mean for the state of U.S. diplomacy in the region? What type of experience and qualities should his successor have?

May 12, 2011: Region Must Face Challenges or Miss 'Historic Opportunity': Clinton
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite a "stunning transformation over the past few decades," Latin America cannot afford to be complacent as it continues to build robust democratic institutions, combat violence and reduce deep-seated inequality, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Wednesday at the annual Conference on the Americas forum.

May 10, 2011: Obama, después de Osama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Ha sido difícil para otros países, incluyendo América Latina, identificarse con la catarsis emocional que produjo la muerte de Bin Laden a la mayoría de los estadounidenses. La excepción puede haber sido Colombia, donde las reacciones de simpatía fueron marcadamente fuertes.

May 5, 2011: El impacto que podría tener la muerte de Bin Laden en EE.UU.
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio (Chile)
¿Podría la muerte de Bin Laden generar un ambiente político menos pugnaz y estéril en EE.UU.?

May 5, 2011: Energy Challenges in the Americas (PDF)
By Dialogue Energy Policy Group
This issue of the annual Florida International University Hemisphere Journal was guest edited by Peter Hakim and Genaro Arriagada and features contributions from non-resident senior fellow Genaro Arriagada, visiting fellow Paul Isbell, former staff member Chris Cote, and members of the Energy Policy Group.

May 3, 2011: Argentina’s Political Outlook
By Daphne Morrison
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on Argentina’s political outlook featuring Sergio Berensztein, a political scientist and director of the Argentine firm Poliarquía Consultores, and Hernán Charosky, executive director of the Argentinean civil society group Poder Ciudadano, Argentina’s chapter of Transparency International.

May 1, 2011: Progress and the Past
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs
Former Costa Rican President Oscar Arias (“Culture Matters,” January/February 2011) accurately pinpoints the most vexing questions about Latin America: Why has the region not progressed more steadily and quickly over the years, and what has held it back? But the president’s answers are a generation out of date.

April 29, 2011: Cuba’s Sixth Party Congress: Results and Consequences
By Danielle Nesmith
Cuban president Raúl Castro demonstrated a renewed commitment to distance himself from his brother’s communist revolution this April by calling Cuba’s Communist Party to convene for the first time in fourteen years. At Cuba’s historic 6th Party Congress, Castro announced his plan to lay off government workers, eliminate subsidies, open 178 new jobs and licenses, end the provision of ration cards, and initiate term limits for future presidents.

April 27, 2011: Ethanol – a new growth cycle
By Marcos Jank
Source: Correio Braziliense
Brazilian consumers were shaken up in recent weeks by the steep price of ethanol at pumps throughout the country. People wonder why this happened and if it will happen again in the future. The most radical critics even said we could be facing a potential fuel shortage and raised doubts about the very future of ethanol. All of this calls for a careful analysis of the issues.

April 24, 2011: Los cambios en Cuba se están dando lentamente
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
El analista internacional Michael Shifter remarca que el VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba consolidó el poder de la ‘vieja guardia’ al mando de los hermanos Castro y los históricos de la Revolución. También se pusieron en marcha cambios en la economía, pero habrá que ver qué resultados obtienen.

April 20, 2011: Can Coups Still Take Place in Latin America?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Western Hemisphere Security Analysis Center
Michael Shifter shares his view on the current prospect for coups in Latin America. He finds, despite substantial gains in democracy, the threat of coups in Latin America remains latent.

April 19, 2011: What Will Be the Effects of the U.S.-Ecuador Diplomatic Spat?
By Michael Shifter, Nathalie Cely, Jennifer McCoy, Adrián Bonilla
Source: Latin America Advisor
Earlier this month, Ecuador expelled U.S. Ambassador Heather Hodges over comments in a WikiLeaks cable suggesting that President Rafael Correa was aware of corruption allegations against a police chief. The United States called the action unjustified and expelled Ecuadorean Ambassador Luis Gallegos shortly thereafter. How will the diplomatic spat affect relations between the two countries going forward? What effects will the expulsions have on trade ties and on the renewal of the Andean Trade Preferences Act?

April 19, 2011: Los EE.UU. y Ecuador
By Michael Shifter
Source: Expreso

April 15, 2011: “Perú vive una paradoja, con altos niveles de crecimiento y descontento”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País
“Perú no está por un cambio dramático del modelo económico, ya que ha producido resultados positivos. Lo que pasa es que han sido mal repartidos y acompañados de altos niveles de corrupción”, asegura Shifter, presidente del afamado think tank estadounidense Diálogo Interamericano, quien participó esta semana, en Madrid, en el IV Forum Europa-América Latina-EE UU/Canadá.

April 12, 2011: Official: Funding Issues Critical to U.S. Security Programs
By Rachel Sadon
Focusing on transnational crime is a top priority of the Obama administration's policy in Latin America, but the government has found mixed successes and questions loom about future funding for critical programs, a senior State Department official said Monday.

April 4, 2011: Una región sin rugir de sables
By Michael Shifter
Source: Portafolio
Según Michael Shifter, la democracia se ha consolidado en América Latina, aunque es cada día más variada.

April 3, 2011: Ningún candidato conquistó a los peruanos
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Michael Shifter explica desde Washington el ascenso del exgeneral Ollanta Humala y la incertidumbre que dominan en las elecciones presidenciales en Perú.

April 1, 2011: América Latina quiere buenas relaciones con Estados Unidos, pero con más respeto y menos arrogancia (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Espacio Laical
Interview with Peter Hakim by Roberto Veiga, Editor of Espacio Laical, the Cuban Catholic Church's monthly magazine

March 31, 2011: Informe de Progreso Educativo, Honduras 2010 (PDF)
By Policy Monitoring Reports
El informe nacional es el tercero producido por PREAL y sus contraparte hondureña, FEREMA. Evalúa el estado y progreso del sistema educativo durante los años 2006 a 2010, usando los mejores datos disponibles.

March 30, 2011: Obama trip symbolic not substantive
By Michael Shifter
Source: Oxford Analytica
Overshadowed by the unfolding crisis in Libya, Obama's five-day visit was heavy on symbolism and public relations, and relatively light on substantive progress. That Obama resisted political pressure at home to postpone the trip and largely stuck to his original itinerary was the strongest and most positive indication that the administration wanted to re-engage with the region and pursue a shared agenda.

March 30, 2011: How Successful Was Obama's Trip to Latin America?
By Peter Hakim, Patricio Navia, Cynthia Arnson
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Barack Obama visited Brazil, Chile and El Salvador on a five-day tour of the region last week, signing a variety of agreements on security, energy, education and trade. Which aspects of the trip were a success and which were disappointments? What could Obama have done better? How did Obama's agenda and speeches during the trip reflect changing political and economic dynamics in the region and what do they indicate for future U.S.-Latin American relations?

March 30, 2011: U.S. Seeking Stronger Connections in Region Through Technology
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
As the United States works to promote its strategic and national security interests by modernizing diplomacy for a digital age, the U.S. State Department is fostering new methods of engaging directly with Latin American citizens, a top official of the department said.

March 25, 2011: Free Trade with Panama and Colombia, Yes or No?
By Alexis Arthur
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast session on Friday, March 25th to review the progress of the pending US free trade agreements with Panama and Colombia. The discussion was led by Angela Ellard, chief trade counsel for the House Ways and Means Committee, and Amber Cottle, chief international trade counsel for the Senate Finance Committee.

March 24, 2011: Obama y América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
El discurso de Santiago fue positivo, pero difícilmente puede cumplir los requisitos de un marco para la política de EEUU hacia la región.

March 24, 2011: What’s Next for US-Latin American Relations? A Discussion of President Obama’s Trip
By Daphne Morrison
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a wide-ranging conversation about the significance and possible impact of President Obama’s Latin America trip.

March 22, 2011: “Temos de aprender a conviver com as diferenças" (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Zero Hora
Um dos mais prestigiados analistas diplomáticos do continente, o presidente emérito do centro de análises políticas Inter- American Dialogue, Peter Hakim, é cético sobre uma eventual aproximação de Brasil e EUA. Segundo o especialista americano, apesar da troca de comando no governo brasileiro e da visita de Barack Obama ao Brasil, ainda existem divergências entre o Planalto e a Casa Branca. Hakim, contudo, acredita que os dois países precisam superar as diferenças.

March 20, 2011: ¿Qué significa la visita de Obama?
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Los salvadoreños deberían estar complacidos de que el Presidente Obama visite su país. Los pone en buena compañía. Brasil y Chile, las historias de éxito más prominentes de América Latina, son las otras escalas del viaje presidencial, su primero a la región desde 2009. En El Salvador , Obama reafirmará la cercana relación bilateral y reconocerá las sólidas credenciales democráticas del país. Aunque, sin ser exagerados, El Salvador puede también obtener beneficios más concretos de esta visita.

March 20, 2011: What Obama’s Visit Means for El Salvador
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Salvadorans should be pleased that President Obama will be visiting their country. It puts them in good company. Brazil and Chile, Latin American's most prominent success stories, are the other stops on the US president’s trip, his first to the region since 2009. In El Salvador, Obama will reaffirm and the close bilateral relationship and acknowledge the country’s democratic solid credentials. Though not to be exaggerated, El Salvador may also reap more concrete benefits from the visit.

March 19, 2011: Obama vai elogiar Brasil, mas só ficará nas palavras, diz professor
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: R7
Obama quer abrir um novo capítulo na relações com o Brasil, deve elogiar ascensão do país na cena internacional, mas não dará o tão sonhado apoio para que o país consiga um assento permanente no Conselho de Segurança da ONU (Organização das Nações Unidas). É o que diz um dos maiores especialistas na relação Brasil-Estados Unidos, o acadêmico Peter Hakim, presidente do instituto Inter-American Dialogue.

March 19, 2011: ¿Cómo aprovechar la visita del Presidente Obama?
By Sergio Bitar
Source: El Mercurio

March 19, 2011: Una gira con pocas expectativas
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Voice of America
Dos gobiernos de centro izquierda, Brasil y El Salvador, y uno de derecha, Chile, han demostrado tener intereses particulares para Washington.

March 18, 2011: Obama Heads to Latin America
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Market Place, American Public Media
Trade with China has risen something like five times in the last 10 years. It's really pulled Brazil through the economic crisis without much damage.

March 18, 2011: Latinoamérica sigue siendo la campeona mundial cuando se habla de desigualdad
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: OPALC
En una entrevista exclusiva con OPALC, Michael Shifter defiende una mejor educación para reducir las desigualdades en América Latina. También habla de Brasil, Venezuela, Colombia y otros países poco antes del primer viaje a la región de Barack Obama.

March 17, 2011: The United States and Cuba: Intimate Enemies
By Adam Nathan Siegel
The Brookings Institution, the Cuba Study Group, and the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on US-Cuba relations featuring Marifeli Pérez-Stable, author of the new book "The United States and Cuba: Intimate Enemies" (Routledge, 2011). The session took place on Thursday, March 17 from 5:00 to 6:30 p.m. at the Inter-American Dialogue.

March 16, 2011: Will Brazil Reinstate its Tax on Financial Transactions?
By Gustavo Marrone, Margaret T. Perez, Elenice Portz, Beatrice Rangel

March 16, 2011: EUA não têm clareza sobre razão da viagem de Obama, diz analista
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Folha
A visita do presidente americano, Barack Obama, ao Brasil, no próximo fim de semana, ainda suscita dúvidas em meio a especialistas de relações internacionais quanto ao seu verdadeiro propósito estratégico. Para Peter Hakim, presidente emérito do think tank (instituto de pesquisa) Inter-American Dialogue, Washington não explicou direito o que quer com a viagem.

March 16, 2011: Energía nuclear en América Latina: antes y después del desastre japonés
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Actualmente, la energía nuclear está menos desarrollada en América Latina que en cualquier otra región del planeta — salvo África (y, por supuesto, la Antártida). Pero la crisis nuclear en Japón puede tener un impacto grave sobre el futuro de la industria nuclear mundial — y por supuesto podría terminar también limitando el renacimiento nuclear en América Latina.

March 16, 2011: América Latina: atrapada en el estrecho entre Escila-Libia y Caribdes-Japón
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
El precio del Brent estaba ya cerca de los $ 100/barril cuando las “Revoluciones Jazmín” de Túnez y Egipto florecieron a principios del 2011. Cuando el precio se disparó un 20 por ciento en sólo dos meses, parecía razonable preguntarse si los disturbios en el mundo árabe podrían provocar un alza en los precios del petróleo, con consecuencias negativas para la economía mundial.

March 15, 2011: La gira de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Ocupado por las feroces batallas por el presupuesto en EE.UU. y la incertidumbre política en Oriente Medio, el presidente Obama se dirige esta semana a América Latina -su primera visita a América Central (El Salvador) y Suramérica (Brasil y Chile). Las expectativas en la región parecen ser modestas. Casi dos años desde que Obama hizo su primer viaje al sur de los Estados Unidos -a México, en ruta a una cumbre en Trinidad y Tobago- ha habido pocos avances en una agenda que incluye drogas, el comercio y la inmigración.

March 15, 2011: Obama no ve el mundo como buenos y malos
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica
El Salvador presenta en Centroamérica en estos momentos características más atractivas para la visita de Obama, analiza uno de los tanques de pensamiento.

March 14, 2011: Obama Heads South
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
There is no central theme or objective that will dominate President Obama’s visit to Latin America this week. At each stop, he will be pursuing a distinct agenda with differing goals.

March 13, 2011: Shifter: "Existe uma nova abertura de diálogo que os dois países pensam aproveitar"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: O Globo
A viagem do presidente americano Barack Obama ao Brasil não deverá anunciar algum acordo de significativa importância entre Washington e Brasília. Na opinião de Michael Shifter, presidente do Diálogo Interamericano, centro de estudos com sede em Washington, trata-se principalmente de uma iniciativa política, para procurar recolocar nos trilhos uma relação abalada nos últimos dois anos por uma série de atritos e desentendimentos deflagrados no período do governo de Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. De acordo com Michael Shifter, há dois anos, com a eleição de Obama para a Casa Branca, havia essa "esperança" de uma relação melhor, mas ocorreram "desapontamentos".

March 13, 2011: U.S. Should Support Brazil’s Security Council Bid
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
President Obama will be warmly greeted by huge crowds in Brazil when he arrives March 19 for the beginning of a Latin American tour, but only modest progress can be expected on the agenda of foreign-policy problems confronting the two countries. There is only one thing that could dramatically elevate the significance of Obama’s visit — the U.S. president’s unambiguous endorsement of Brazil for a permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council.

March 11, 2011: The State of the Cuban Economy
By Danielle Nesmith
The Inter-American Dialogue and Florida International University’s Cuban Research Institute co-hosted a discussion on the Cuban economy. The session took place at the Inter-American Dialogue from 8:30a.m. - 10:00 a.m. on Friday, March 11. Cuba experts Lorenzo Perez, Arch Ritter, and Phil Peters, discussed the wide-ranging set of economic reforms proposed by the Raúl Castro government, and the extent to which they are likely to effectively respond to the formidable economic challenges facing the country.

March 11, 2011: How Has a Diplomatic Row Affected U.S.-Argentine Relations?
By Peter Hakim, Horacio Verbitsky, Eduardo Amadeo
Tensions flared between the United States and Argentina after Argentine authorities, supervised by Foreign Minister Héctor Timerman, on Feb. 10 confiscated equipment, which Argentina said was not properly declared, from a U.S. plane. The plane contained items for a training program for Argentine police, according to U.S. officials. Where do U.S.-Argentine relations stand after the incident? Will the countries continue to cooperate on security issues? How important is that cooperation?

March 11, 2011: Seteperguntas: “Está na hora de reconhecer o status do Brasil" (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: O Exame
Às vésperas da visita de Barack Obama, o especialista americano em diplomacia defende mais cooperação bilateral em setores como aviação e energia nuclear.

March 10, 2011: President Obama’s Trip to Latin America
By Kaia Range
The Congressional Members Working Group (CMWG) convened on March 10, 2011 for a dinner discussion of President Obama's trip to Latin America.

March 9, 2011: Egypt’s Transition: Perspective from Latin America
By Danielle Nesmith
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation featuring Sergio Bitar, one of Chile’s most prominent political figures and a visiting senior fellow at the Dialogue. Bitar, who recently returned from a visit to Egypt, shared his impressions of the current situation there in light of Chilean and other Latin American transitions. The session took place on Wednesday, March 9.

March 8, 2011: Latin America 2040: Breaking Away from Complacency
By Alexa Millinger
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion focused on a longer-term vision for Latin America as developed in the recently published "Latin America 2040 – Breaking Away from Complacency: An Agenda for Resurgence" (Sage Publications, 2010). The session took place on Tuesday, March 8 at the Inter-American Dialogue.

March 6, 2011: Repensando la política de drogas de EE.UU.
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Hace más de cuatro décadas los gobiernos americanos están embarcados en una “guerra contra las drogas” concebida por EE.UU. La evidencia disponible sugiere que esta política es muy costosa, no ha logrado sus objetivos, y podría estar causando más violencia de la que se propone evitar. Que se haya mantenido tanto tiempo, sin ninguna modificación fundamental, se debe en parte a imposición inflexible de Washington.

March 5, 2011: Hugo Stay Home
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The Venezuelan president's ill-advised foray into Mideast diplomacy won't help Libya or his own struggling country.

March 3, 2011: A Conversation with René Castro-Salazar, Foreign Minister of Costa Rica
By Alexis Arthur
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a lunch conversation about the foreign policy priorities of Costa Rica’s new government with René Castro-Salazar, the Foreign Minister of Costa Rica. The session took place on Thursday, March 3 from 12:00 to 1:45 p.m. at the Inter-American Dialogue. Castro discussed Costa Rica’s agenda with the United States, relations with neighbors in Central America, regional security, and the country’s evolving relationship with China.

March 2, 2011: US-Colombian Free Trade on Track to Approval
By Peter Hakim
Source: InfoLatam
Although far from a done deal, the odds now favor congressional ratification of the US’s free trade accords with Colombia and Panama this year. What most lifted the prospects of the Latin America trade treaties was the huge Republican victory in last November’s mid-term elections for Congress, which produced a sizable Republican majority in the House of Representatives along with a new Speaker.

March 2, 2011: Has the United States Failed to Adequately Fight Illegal Drugs?
By Barry R. McCaffrey, Andrés Rozental, Sanho Tree
Source: Latin America Advisor
A new Inter-American Dialogue report says U.S. drug policies, which are mostly focused on prohibiting the production, distribution and consumption of narcotics, 'have done little to diminish the problems they were designed to address' and are costly in both financial and human terms. The report calls for a broad national debate on U.S. drug strategies and an intense review of international policies. Is growing violence in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America a sign of failures in drug policy? Has the Obama administration made any significant change in anti-drug efforts? What policies should it be pursuing? What anti-drug programs in the United States and in Latin America have been particularly successful and should be replicated?

March 1, 2011: Why the US and Brazil Can’t Get Along—A Story of Turf, Ideology, and Interests
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
No one should think US-Brazil relations will be easy to manage in the coming period. They will surely be tested by frustration and disappointment on both sides; conflict may be more common than partnership. That should be expected when two powerful countries have to contend with one another, no matter who is in charge.

March 1, 2011: ¿Por qué Estados Unidos y Brasil no tienen una buena relación? (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
Nadie debe pensar que las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Brasil serán fáciles de sobrellevar en el siguiente período. Sin duda, se pondrán a prueba por la frustración y la decepción de ambas partes: el conflicto podría ser más común que la colaboración. Eso es de esperarse cuando dos países poderosos tienen que competir entre sí, sin importar quién esté al mando.

March 1, 2011: Peter Hakim: "La estrategia de lucha contra las drogas no está funcionando"
By Daniel Pacheco con Peter Hakim
Source: Su Voz Cuenta
Hay que poner todo sobre la mesa. En EE.UU. la prohibición ha sido sumamente dañina, en número de jóvenes en las cárceles, vidas interrumpidas.

March 1, 2011: El camino de globalización del Perú: Oportunidades y obstáculos, durante y después de la crisis (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú ante los desafíos del siglo XXI
En la tercera sección de este tomo, Michael Shifter discute los éxitos y los riesgos del Perú en el curso adoptado para unirse al proceso de globalización.

February 28, 2011: ¿Qué supone el cambio climático para América Latina?
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
América Latina es especialmente vulnerable al cambio climático debido a su geografía. Primero, la mayor parte de México y América Central se encuentra dentro del cinturón de huracanes, que ahora actúa con mayor fuerza y volatilidad como consecuencia del calentamiento global. En segundo lugar, las bajas zonas costeras de América Latina, – que incluyen sus muchas islas y varias áreas urbanas de la región – seguirán siendo amenazadas por el aumento del nivel del mar inducido por el calentamiento global. En tercer lugar, gran parte de la actividad urbana y agrícola de América del Sur depende del agua que procede de los glaciares andinos, que están siendo peligrosamente afectados también por el calentamiento.

February 25, 2011: Obama’s Visit to Latin America: A View from the South (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
Prompted by President Obama’s planned March 2011 visit to Latin America, we are pleased to offer these reflections prepared by Sergio Bitar. A long-time member and currently visiting senior fellow of the Inter-American Dialogue, Bitar served as senator as well as minister of energy and mines, education, and public works in three separate administrations in Chile. His sophisticated and wide-ranging perspective about the present moment and opportunity for relations between the United States and Latin America merits public dissemination and spirited discussion.

February 20, 2011: Lo ocurrido fue un golpe a la relación con EE.UU
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
El presidente del think tank Inter-American Dialogue, de Washington, afirma que la incautación del material estadounidense en Ezeiza sienta "un precedente serio" en la relación bilateral, pero no cree que se deba a un giro antinorteamericano del Gobierno sino más bien a "una reacción de despecho" y a una falta de profesionalismo.

February 20, 2011: Analista vê América Latina mais ao centro e Chávez isolado
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Terra Brazil
Recentemente, Michael Shifter, presidente do Inter-American Dialogue, entidade líder nas áreas de análise política e relacionamento entre as nações do hesmifério ocidental, sediada em Washington, publicou um estudo que afirma que a América Latina é hoje, de modo geral, uma região de política de centro. Esta transformação para um panorama político ponderado e estável é significativa, visto que a região tem uma história caracterizada por mudanças ideológicas bruscas e políticas erráticas.

February 18, 2011: PREAL 2010 Program Highlights (PDF)
By PREAL
A summary review of PREAL's activities in 2010.

February 11, 2011: Hay razones para ser optimista sobre el futuro de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Hay buenas razones para ser optimista sobre el estado de la democracia en América Latina hoy. Las encuestas recientes del Latinobarómetro y el barómetro de las Américas apuntan a niveles más altos de apoyo a sistemas democráticos de gobierno. La política y las opciones electorales se han estrechado. Una política más consensual, más centrista se ha afianzado cada vez más.

February 11, 2011: Which Issues Will Dominate Obama's Trip to Latin America?
By Francisco Altschul, Peter Hakim, Sergio Bitar, Joaquín Villalobos
During his annual State of the Union address Jan. 25, U.S. President Barack Obama announced that he will visit Brazil, Chile and El Salvador in March 'to forge new alliances for progress in the Americas.' Which issues will dominate the president's agenda? What does the trip signify about U.S.-Latin American relations? How can Obama bolster economic and security ties to the region?

February 10, 2011: Rethinking US Drug Policy, Public Launch on Capitol Hill
By Daphne Morrison
“We don’t offer solutions” said Dialogue president emeritus Peter Hakim to a standing-room-only crowd on Capitol Hill. He was talking about Rethinking US Drug Policy, a report on US anti-narcotics strategy in the Western Hemisphere and the focus of an event hosted by Representatives Connie Mack (R-FL) and Eliot Engel (D-NY) on February 10.

February 10, 2011: Global Insider: Colombia and the OECD
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos recently submitted his country's application to join the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, discussed the prospect of Colombia's OECD membership.

February 10, 2011: Obama reconocerá a El Salvador como un socio clave en América Central
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Mundo
Para Michael Shifter, presidente del tanque de pensamiento, Diálogo Interamericano, la visita de Barack Obama a la región y en particular a El Salvador, es un intento de reenfocarse en la región. Para este analista basado en Washington, Estados Unidos ve positivamente a la administración de Mauricio Funes y de ahí que este país fue la selección lógica para que Obama lo incluyera en su gira por tres naciones de la región.

February 8, 2011: Insulza Not Forceful Enough in Promoting Democracy: U.S. Envoy
By Gene Kuleta
Source: Latin America Advisor
The chief of the Organization of American States, José Miguel Insulza, is not firm enough in promoting democracy in the hemisphere, though he is constrained by the organization's structure, the permanent U.S. representative to the OAS, Carmen Lomellin, told the Latin America Advisor in an exclusive interview.

February 2, 2011: Andean Mission Chiefs: U.S. Role in Region Undergoing Changes
By Rachel Sadon
Relationships between the United States and the Andean countries remain positive even as significant changes in regional dynamics, economic development and political transitions have significantly transformed the region, top U.S. envoys to Andean countries said.

February 1, 2011: A Conversation with the US Heads of Mission to the Andean Region
By Rachel Sadon
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion with the U.S. ambassadors and Chargé d'Affaires serving in the Andean Region. The session featured three ambassadors—Heather Hodges (Ecuador), Rose Likins (Peru), and Michael McKinley (Colombia) and two Chargé d'Affaires, John Caulfield (Venezuela) and John Creamer (Bolivia).

February 1, 2011: Rethinking US Drug Policy (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
To encourage debate on the shared drug problem and the search for alternative approaches, the Inter-American Dialogue launched its drug policy project in 2009. This report is one of the critical products of that initiative. It offers six proposals to set the stage for a thorough rethinking of the US and global approach toward illicit drugs.

February 1, 2011: Central America’s Security Predicament
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
In retrospect, it was probably naïve to expect that, with the signing of the last of the Central American peace accords (Guatemala, 1996), the heightened civil strife that beset the region for decades would give way to a greater measure of social peace. Although Central America can celebrate the virtual end of political violence over the past 15 years, the five countries of the isthmus that in the 1980s were in the international spotlight on account of instability—Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica— are, to varying degrees, still notably troubled.

January 31, 2011: How Can Education Help Latin America Develop? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies
This article analyzes the role of education in Latin America’s development over the last two decades and recommends much greater emphasis on promoting learning, particularly among the poor. It documents significant progress in getting more children into school but little progress in making sure they reach minimum levels of learning (measured by scores on achievement tests).

January 30, 2011: La influencia de Washington en el mundo declina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Michael Shifter destaca que Estados Unidos está obligado a negociar con Brasil una relaciónmultilateral con América Latina. Advierte que la política antinarcóticos de Washington funciona con ‘piloto automático’, debido a que se priorizan los conflictos en otras regiones.

January 27, 2011: Colombian Vice President Urges U.S. to Approve Trade Agreement
By Rachel Sadon
The United States should ratify the stalled free-trade agreement with Colombia this year as well as approve an 18-month extension of the Andean Trade Preference Act and continue support for Plan Colombia, Colombian Vice President Angelino Garzón said during a weeklong visit to Washington in support of those objectives.

January 26, 2011: La gira de Obama por América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Voice of America
Michael Shifter, presidente del Inter-American Dialogue, dijo a Voice of America que los países elegidos para la gira de Obama son “centrales” para EE.UU.

January 25, 2011: Pentagon Officials: U.S. Must Work Closely With Latin Counterparts
By Rachel Sadon
The U.S. Department of Defense should seek to collaborate with its counterparts across the hemisphere in order to better respond to natural disasters and other shared security issues in an effort to practice "defense diplomacy," the Pentagon official responsible for Western Hemisphere security affairs said.

January 24, 2011: The Obama Administration and Defense Diplomacy in the Western Hemisphere
By Rachel Sadon
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation on the Obama administration’s use of “defense diplomacy” in the Americas featuring Paul Stockton, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs. The session took place on Monday, January 24 at the Inter-American Dialogue.

January 21, 2011: Discussing the 2010 AmericasBarometer Survey: "Democratic Consolidation in the Americas During Hard Times"
By Danielle Nesmith
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast discussion about the findings of the 2010 AmericasBarometer Survey, “Political Culture of Democracy, 2010 – Democratic Consolidation in the Americas During Hard Times,” featuring LAPOP director Mitchell Seligson and associate director Elizabeth Zechmeister on January 21, 2011.

January 18, 2011: Obama da paso positivo sobre Cuba
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La administración Obama merece reconocimiento por adoptar los cambios más importantes en la política cubana en las últimas décadas. Muchos, claro está, no estarán satisfechos hasta que el embargo fallido y contraproducente sea eliminado. Pero dada la composición del nuevo Congreso estadounidense, esto no será posible.

January 17, 2011: Menos restricciones a Cuba
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN en Español
Los analistas Michael Shifter y Tomás Bilbao opinan sobre la decisión de EE.UU. de levantar parte del embargo. Entrevista de CNN por Juan Carlos López

January 16, 2011: Chávez: Entre la democracia y la hipocresía
By Genaro Arriagada Herrera
Source: El Mercurio
En el plano que se le mire, el gobierno de Hugo Chávez presenta resultados lamentables.

January 14, 2011: A Surge to the Center
By Michael Shifter
Source: Journal of Democracy
Latin America, long associated with sharp ideological swings and notably erratic politics, is increasingly settling into the middle of the left-right political continuum. This development is discernible in voter attitudes and major policy directions in many countries.

January 12, 2011: “Ordens são dadas, mas ninguém faz nada”
By Peter Hakim
A presença da comu­ni­dade inter­­na­­cional no Haiti, para algumas pessoas, é a única forma de fazer o país andar. Essa é a opinião do presidente emérito do think-tank Inter-American Dialogue, Peter Hakim.

January 12, 2011: Qué puede hacer Dilma para mejorar las relaciones entre EE.UU. Brasil
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
Las relaciones con los Estados Unidos -que siguen siendo de importancia central para Brasil- comenzaron con una nota alta, cuando el entonces presidente electo Lula, se reunió con el presidente Bush en el Despacho Oval en 2002. Pero se han deteriorado gravemente en los últimos años y están hoy muy tensas, con Lula y sus asesores compartiendo la culpa con las autoridades de EE.UU. en Washington.

January 12, 2011: O que Dilma pode fazer pela relação com os EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
As relações com os EUA - que continuam de importância fundamental para o Brasil - começaram com uma nota bastante positiva quando o então presidente eleito Lula se encontrou com o presidente George W. Bush no Salão Oval, em 2002.

January 12, 2011: What Dilma Can Do to Improve US-Brazil Relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S.Paulo
Relations with the US—which remain centrally important for Brazil—started out on a high note, when then President-elect Lula met with President Bush in the Oval Office in 2002.

January 11, 2011: Educación financiera y desarrollo: un modelo para Nicaragua
By Manuel Orozco
Source: El Confidencial
Una campaña nacional de educación financiera podría ser una política que favorecería tanto a quienes reciben remesas como a la nación en general, especialmente en períodos post-crisis, cuando muchas personas tuvieron que valerse de sus ahorros para mitigar el impacto de la recesión.

January 8, 2011: "La OEA está a prueba"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: BBC Mundo
La posibilidad de que la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA) analice supuestas violaciones a la Carta Democrática Interamericana debido a la Ley Habilitante que le fue concedida al presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, podría llevar al organismo a una dinámica de fragmentación que comprometería su futuro funcionamiento, según el presidente del centro de análisis sobre asuntos hemisféricos Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter.

January 3, 2011: Comienza un año desafiante
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
EL DEBER habló con Michael Shifter, presidente del influyente centro de investigación Dialogo Interamericano, con sede en Washington, sobre los desafíos políticos del 2011.

January 2, 2011: ¿Le llegó la hora al TLC?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador
Con la llegada del nuevo Legislativo estadounidense, a partir del miércoles cambiará la relación bilateral con Colombia.

January 2, 2011: Brazil's Foreign Policy Under Dilma Rousseff
By Peter Hakim
Source: Islamic Republic News Agency
In this article published in the Islamic Republic News Agency, Hakim answers questions about Brazil's foreign policy under president-elect Dilma Rousseff. Brazilian policy will continue, broadly, along the course set by Lula and prefigured by Cardoso—but key details will undoubtedly change, he says.

January 1, 2011: Rising Confidence in Latin America (PDF)
By Mary Dempsey
Report of the Fourteenth Annual CAF Conference on September 8-9, 2010, in Washington, DC.

December 30, 2010: Alavancando o crescimento
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
Em boa hora, o ministro da Fazenda anunciou conjunto de medidas para incentivar o financiamento de longo prazo na economia brasileira.

December 26, 2010: Choque de opiniones: Venezuela
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN en Español
¿Cuál es la relación diplomática entre EE.UU. y Venezuela? Entrevista de CNN por Juan Carlos López a Michael Shifter.

December 22, 2010: Global Insider: Argentina-Brazil Relations
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Daily
Argentina signed a letter of intent to join Brazil's military cargo aircraft development plans, while also announcing that it expects to complete the certification of a light military utility vehicle -- for which Brazil is building the engine -- by the end of this year. In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, explains Argentina-Brazil military and political cooperation.

December 22, 2010: What Does 2011 Hold for Latin American Economies?
By Luis Oganes, Roger Scher, Santiago Maggi
The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, or ECLAC, announced Dec. 13 that it expects Latin America and the Caribbean will have experienced 6 percent economic growth in 2010 and will see growth of 4.2 percent in 2011. Which countries will grow most in the year ahead and which will lag behind? Which sectors in the region will see significant growth in 2011 and which will struggle? Why?

December 21, 2010: Reflexiones sobre 2010
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En el 2010 el evento sobresaliente en el hemisferio fue el rescate de los mineros chilenos. Esta fue una historia de espíritu increíble y solidaridad y capturó plenamente la atención del mundo. El punto bajo fue el terremoto devastador de Haití, con unos 250 mil muertos y eventos trágicos al parecer interminables en ese país. La implacable criminalidad en México cada día más salvaje y en constante expansión hacia los países de Centro América, ha sido sobria.

December 19, 2010: Why Brazil-US Relations Will Remain Tense
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de S. Paulo
Dilma Rouseff inherits a deeply strained US-Brazilian relationship. No matter how adroitly she manages foreign policy, it is now almost inevitable that the two countries will, for years to come, be colliding with one another. Their international agendas reflect divergent interests, priorities, and approaches. They will not always be able to keep disagreements in check.

December 16, 2010: Venezuelan Opposition at its Strongest in Years: López
By Rachel Sadon
Venezuela's opposition is in a better position now than at any time in the past decade as it looks ahead to challenging President Hugo Chávez in the country's 2012 election, opposition leader Leopoldo López told an audience Wednesday at the Inter-American Dialogue.

December 15, 2010: A Conversation with Leopoldo López
By Rachel Sadon
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast conversation with Leopoldo López, former mayor of the Chacao Municipality of Caracas and the National Coordinator of the Venezuelan grassroots organization Voluntad Popular. López offered his perspective on the current political situation and outlook in Venezuela. He discussed the implications of September’s legislative elections as well as government and opposition strategies leading up to the presidential contest scheduled for December 2012. The session took place on Wednesday, December 15.

December 14, 2010: A Discussion on the Cuban Economy with Philip Peters
By Daphne Morrison
Peters is vice president of the Lexington Institute, a regular commentator on the Cuban economy, and advisor to the House of Representatives’ Cuba Working Group. He spoke at the Inter-American Dialogue on December 14. Dialogue president Michael Shifter moderated the session.

December 9, 2010: ¿Cambio educativo o educación por el cambio?: Informe de Progreso Educativo, Ecuador 2010 (PDF)
By Policy Monitoring Reports
El informe nacional es el segundo producido por PREAL y sus contrapartes ecuatorianas, Fundación Ecuador y Grupo Faro. Evalúa el estado y progreso del sistema educativo durante los años 2006 a 2010, usando los mejores datos disponibles.

December 8, 2010: What Is the Fallout From the Massive WikiLeaks Release?
By Craig Kelly, Michael Shifter, Bernardo Vega, Adrienne Pine
Classified cables from U.S. embassies in Latin America were among some 250,000 to be released by the Web site WikiLeaks. Amid the release, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told reporters Dec. 1 that she has 'not any had any concerns expressed' over whether countries will continue discussing important matters with the United States. Which of the leaked documents could be most significant to relations between the United States and other countries in the Western Hemisphere? How might the WikiLeaks incident affect relations between the United States and countries in Latin America more broadly?

December 7, 2010: A Discussion of the 2010 Latinobarómetro Results
By Bridget O'Loughlin
For the first time, Latin Americans have a positive outlook for the future and are moving forward with hopes of continued economic and social progress, said Latinobarómetro executive director Marta Lagos at the Inter-American Dialogue on December 7. She was joined by the Brookings Institution’s Kevin Casas-Zamora.

December 7, 2010: Golpe a los conspiracionistas
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El diluvio de las más recientes revelaciones de Wikileaks ha generado una variedad de respuestas. Para periodistas e historiadores ha sido una mina de oro. Para diplomáticos ha sido una pesadilla. Y para los teóricos conspiracionistas los cables revelados, una decepción.

December 1, 2010: Remittance transfers in Senegal: Preliminary findings, lessons, and recommendations on its marketplace and financial access opportunities (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Elisabeth Burgess with Corinne Massardier
Source: ILO
This report presents the findings of an analysis of remittances to Senegal as it pertains to its size, marketplace, and link to finances as factors associated to development. The study is based on the analysis field work research and interviews, primary data collection, and survey analysis among recipient and senders.

December 1, 2010: Los Estados Unidos y Colombia: Repensar la Relación (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Obama y las Américas: ¿Esperanza o decepción?
Michael Shifter se trata de relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y Colombia, y propone un repensamiento de polícos importantes como Plan Colombia, ayuda estadounidense dirigida al desarollo social, y el pendiente tratado de libre comercio.

December 1, 2010: United States: Now Comes the Hard Part
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
When Barack Obama ran for president of the United States in 2008, there was no shortage of skeptics. Chief among the many questions raised about him was, "Has he accomplished anything?" But today, more than two years later, the question about Obama is not so much whether he has accomplished anything but, rather, "has he accomplished the right things?" or "why has he not been able to convince the American people about the merits of his accomplishments?"

December 1, 2010: Mimes, Sunflowers, and Good Governance: An Examination of the Political Philosophy, Pedagogic Policies, and Campaign Strategy of Antanas Mockus Through the Lens of Colombian Electoral Politics
By Cory Siskind
Source: Undergraduate Journal of International Affairs

November 30, 2010: Mal momento para filtraciones
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador
Hasta el momento (teniendo en cuenta que muchos más documentos están por venir) la región no ha recibido mucha atención, de acuerdo con la última filtración de archivos secretos realizada por Wikileaks. Lo último que necesitan ahora las relaciones interamericanas es un golpe a la confianza mutua.

November 30, 2010: Wikileaks: “EE. UU. tiene un problema de seguridad," - entrevista con Peter Hakim
By Deutsche Welle
Wikileaks ha hecho la diplomacia norteamericana más complicada y habrá molestias en América Latina, advierte un experto estadounidense, que reconoce que EE. UU. tiene que trabajar mejor para guardar sus secretos

November 30, 2010: Informe de Progreso Educativo, Perú 2010 (PDF)
By PREAL / GRADE
El informe nacional de progreso educativo es el tercero producido por PREAL y su contraparte peruana, el Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), y evalúa el estado y progreso del sistema educativo de Peru, usando los mejores datos disponibles.

November 29, 2010: Wikileaks and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Wikileaks has made international diplomacy more complicated for the US—or at a minimum more awkward. Neither the citizens of Latin America nor those any other region of the world will be spared the agony of knowing exactly what Washington thinks of their countries or their leaders. So far only a tiny fraction of the 250,000 documents—around 20,000 of which come from US embassies in Latin American—promised by Wikileaks has yet been released, but the materials that are now public give a tantalizing sense of what will follow.

November 25, 2010: La política de Obama hacia América Latina tras las elecciones en Estados Unidos
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Disputas partidistas y paralización. Esa es la mejor estimación de lo que pasará con la política exterior de EE.UU. en todo el mundo cuando el nuevo Congreso de EE.UU. comienza a trabajar en enero. Es poco probable que América Latina sea la excepción. Los dos primeros años en el cargo del presidente Obama, cuando fue apoyado por una sólida mayoría de los demócratas en la Cámara y el Senado, dejaron en claro lo difícil que es reformar la política de EE.UU. hacia el hemisferio, que responde principalmente a la política nacional y no a preocupaciones regionales o internacionales. En la reciente campaña electoral, los puntos críticos en las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina -como la mayoría de otras cuestiones de política exterior- fueron, en gran medida, ignoradas. Aquellos que asalieron a la luz, la reforma migratoria, por ejemplo, se debatieron como problemas internos de los EE.UU., casi sin hacer referencia a otros países.

November 25, 2010: After the Elections: What Now for US Policy in Latin America?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Partisan Squabbling and Gridlock. That is the best guess about what will happen to US foreign policy worldwide when the new US Congress starts work in January. Latin America is unlikely to be much of an exception. President Obama’s first two years in office, when he was supported by a solid majority of Democrats in both the House and Senate, made clear how difficult it is to reshape US policy in the hemisphere, which responds mostly to domestic politics not to regional or international concerns. In the recent electoral campaign, the critical issues in US-Latin American relations —like most other foreign policy issues—were largely ignored. Those that were raised, immigration reform, for instance, were debated as internal problems for the US, virtually without reference to other countries.

November 17, 2010: EVENT: Rising Oil Prices Benefit Central America and the Dominican Republic
By Daphne Morrison
Energy economist Jeff Rubin explained that the financial crisis caused a serious dip in global oil prices. As American consumers tightened their belts, demand for oil plunged, dragging the price down with it. This pattern was only exacerbated as the crisis globalized. Since cheap oil prices tend to favor countries with cheap labor, China weathered the economic storm with remarkable strength—in large part because American consumers were buying up Chinese goods. Today, as the global market crawls out of the crisis and oil prices recover, the CAM-DR countries are making a come-back. For these countries, proximity to the United States, their largest trading partner, is in itself a competitive advantage over Asia. This is because, in the words of Rubin, “distance costs money.”

November 16, 2010: El Norte también existe
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La problemática economía estadounidense y el clima político envenenado en Washington ponen en duda la pronta aprobación del Tratado de Libre Comercio pendiente con Colombia, aunque con la Cámara de Representantes controlada por republicanos la perspectiva es un poco más alentadora. La relación Estados Unidos-Colombia sigue siendo importante estratégicamente y los lazos económicos siguen creciendo.

November 10, 2010: Dilma's Economic Choices
By Rachel Sadon
Successfully capitalizing on Brazil's vibrant economy and popular support for outgoing President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President-elect Dilma Rousseff is poised to take the helm of South America's largest economy at a time of unprecedented opportunity. However, experts said Wednesday that although Brazil is likely to maintain a positive trajectory of growth, the country is also unlikely to tackle some important policy reforms.

November 7, 2010: South America Comes Out On Top
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Will this be Latin America's century? Will the region's recent economic and social progress make it a power to be seriously reckoned with on the global stage? Oscar Guardiola-Rivera certainly thinks so.

November 5, 2010: Where will Dilma take Brazil?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
President-elect Dilma Rousseff can't just stick to Lula-era policies. Sustaining Brazil's trajectory of success will require fresh approaches to deal with an array problems.

November 2, 2010: Washington, en vísperas de cambio
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones legislativas de este año en Estados Unidos han sido las más vigiladas de la historia reciente. A partir de enero, cuando empieza el nuevo Congreso, el panorama político se va a diferenciar de manera dramática del que existe hoy.

October 29, 2010: Migration, Remittances, and Technology: Is there a match?
By Daniel Isaac Garcia
This report by Manuel Orozco analyzes the effects of technological innovation in the remittance marketplace. Focusing on migrant's ability and willingness to adopt new technology, and the supply of technology-based applications, the report finds much room for increased efficiencies in the marketplace.

October 25, 2010: Failing Grade
By Jeffrey M. Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Americas Quarterly
How well are Latin American students performing compared to their peers in other countries and regions? We really don't know.

October 22, 2010: Bolivia and the Global Fight Against Climate Change: A Discussion with Pablo Solón
By Rachel Sadon
The Inter-American Dialogue and George Washington University’s Latin American & Hemispheric Studies Program hosted a lunch conversation with Pablo Solón, Bolivia’s Ambassador to the United Nations. Solón, Bolivia's top UN climate change negotiator, offered his perspective on the October round of talks in China and the outlook for the November United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties in Cancun.

October 21, 2010: US-Brazil Relations: Expect More Conflict
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Brazil’s outsized global aspirations and its newly acquired diplomatic weight were both on full view in Tehran this past May. That was when Brazilian President Lula da Silva triumphantly announced that he and his Turkish counterpart had persuaded Iran to shift a major part of its uranium enrichment program overseas—an objective that had previously eluded the US and other world powers. Washington, however, was not applauding. Secretary of State Clinton reacted angrily to Lula’s negotiating success, which was viewed as threatening the fragile agreement that the US had finally achieved among the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to impose new, harsher sanctions on Iran for violating its nuclear treaty obligations.

October 21, 2010: The Political Crisis in Ecuador: A Conversation with José Miguel Insulza
By Bridget O'Loughlin
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast discussion on Ecuador’s recent political crisis featuring José Miguel Insulza, the secretary general of the Organization of American States. The session took place on Thursday, October 21 at the Inter-American Dialogue.

October 20, 2010: LGBT Politics in Latin America and the Caribbean: Why Now and What Next?
By Daphne Morrison
Javier Corrales, a professor of political science at Amherst College on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LBGT) politics in Latin America at a first of a kind discussion on October 20 at the Inter-American Dialogue.

October 19, 2010: Rescate fortalece a Piñera
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Los siete primeros meses de la administración de Piñera han sido instructivos. Muestran cómo es de difícil predecir el desempeño de un presidente basándose en su expediente anterior. En cambio, lo crucial es cómo un presidente responde a lo inesperado -a las crisis y las oportunidades- lo que sería la prueba verdadera de su liderazgo.

October 19, 2010: IACHR Report on Citizen Security and Human Rights
By Bridget O'Loughlin
Citizen security remains a top concern for most Latin American governments as crime and violence spiral out of control and cripple political and economic institutions in the region. Still, government response needs to be aligned with the promotion of human rights, said a panel of experts at an October 19 discussion co-sponsored by the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) at the Inter-American Dialogue. Presenting the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights’ (IACHR) new Report on Citizen Security and Human Rights, the panel—including several members of the Commission—advocated preventative and collaborative security policies that balance human rights with citizen security.

October 14, 2010: Rescued Relations
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Did the Chilean mine rescue just end a 130-year feud? Not quite, but Michael Shifter writes that the public displays of friendship between Bolivia and Chile during the rescue can be attributed to "the sometimes salutary effects produced by common borders, frequently accompanied by commercial ties, intense migratory flows, and deep societal connections."

October 12, 2010: Crime Wars: Gangs, Cartels, and U.S. National Security
By Michael Shifter
Source: Center for New American Security
On September 30, 2010, the Center for New American Security hosted an event to launch a report entitled "Crime Wars: Gangs, Cartels, and U.S. National Security." The event centered on a panel featuring Dr. Vanda Felbab-Brown of the Brookings Institution's 21st Century Defense Initiative; Roberta Jacobson, Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs; Michael Shifter, President of the Inter-American Dialogue; and CNAS Fellows Col. Robert Killebrew (Ret.) and Thomas Ricks.

October 12, 2010: Cuban Oil Prospects Could Spur Change in U.S. Relations: Experts
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
As the semi-submersible rig contracted by Spanish energy company Respol nears completion and prepares to begin the trek to drill exploratory wells in the waters of Cuba's north coast, experts say the development of Cuba's offshore oil reserves could be a significant game changer for the Caribbean nation, in particular its fraught relations with the United States.

October 8, 2010: A Conversation with Katiuska King, Ecuador’s Minister Coordinator of Economic Policy
By Michael Lisman
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a lunch discussion with Katiuska King, the Minister Coordinator of Economic Policy of Ecuador, on October 8. King’s remarks focused on the Ecuadoran government’s current economic agenda and priorities, and the country’s development outlook.

October 8, 2010: Cuban Oil Prospects Could Spur Change in U.S. Relations: Experts
By Rachel Sadon
As the semi-submersible rig contracted by Spanish energy company Respol nears completion and prepares to begin the trek to drill exploratory wells in the waters of Cuba's north coast, experts say the development of Cuba's offshore oil reserves could be a significant game changer for the Caribbean nation, in particular its fraught relations with the United States.

October 6, 2010: In Danger of Derailing a Sector with Great Potential
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin Amerca Advisor
In my Sept. 7 column, I discussed the effect of the Russian drought and fires on world food production, and suggested that the consequences for Latin America would be favorable, if managed well. Unfortunately, there are other examples of potential gains for the region being curtailed by actions in the developed world, with a specific involvement of the World Bank. Palm oil is a case in point.

October 1, 2010: Chávez, ¿y ahora qué?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones legislativas del domingo pasado le inyectaron una energía necesaria a la situación política de Venezuela. En política, las tendencias y la psicología son de gran importancia. Así que mientras el partido socialista de Hugo Chávez pudo retener la mayoría en la Asamblea Nacional, el hecho de haber perdido la mayoría cualificada (ventaja de las dos terceras partes) en el Congreso es significativo.

October 1, 2010: Latin America Expert Urges U.S. Not to Neglect Its Own Backyard
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Diplomat
Many foreign policy observers — including Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington — argue that some of the U.S.’s most vital interests lie in neighboring Latin America. U.S. leaders of all stripes, however, often fail to give this complicated region the attention and analysis it deserves.

October 1, 2010: Democracy and Politics in Venezuela: A Conversation with José Virtuoso
By Catherine Kuerbitz
The Open Society Institute and the Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast discussion on democracy and politics in Venezuela, featuring Father José Virtuoso and Venezuelan Ambassador to the United States Bernardo Alvarez.

September 30, 2010: Por una relación contemporánea con Latinoamérica (PDF)
By Áurea Moltó
Source: Política Exterior
En sus relaciones con América Latina y el Caribe, tanto EE UU como España necesitan un replanteamiento del discurso y, sobre todo, una política innovadora hacia una región transformada políticamente, con crecientes diferencias en su desarrollo económico y con mayor diversidad en sus relaciones internacionales.

September 30, 2010: Is there a match among migrants, remittances, and technology? (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, with Elisabeth Burgess, and Netta Ascoli
This report analyzes the effects of technological innovation in the remittance marketplace. Focusing on migrant's ability and willingness to adopt new technology, and the supply of technology-based applications, the report finds much room for increased efficiencies in the marketplace.

September 28, 2010: Latin American Multilateralism: New Directions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL)
Despite the effervescence of new Latin American regional and sub-regional multilateral forums in recent years, and particularly bodies that exclude the United States and Canada, there has been surprisingly little systematic study of multilateralism in the region and almost none from a Latin American perspective. This compilation of articles paints the picture of a dynamic Latin American multilateralism with a number of distinctive characteristics, but one also fraught with challenges. It brings together influential academics to reflect on regional trends and provide insight into new directions of Latin American co-operation.

September 28, 2010: RAND Report on Haiti: Challenges and Recommendations on Building a More Resilient State
By Heloisa Vila
“The extent of the devastation of the earthquake is greatly exacerbated by the weakness of the government in Haiti and its lack of capacity, systems and resources,” said Laurel Miller, senior political analyst at the RAND Corporation and co-author of a new RAND report on Haiti, at an Inter-American Dialogue public session on September 28. The discussion focused on the findings of the study, among them a set of state-building recommendations that, according to the authors, are priorities to effectively rebuild the Haitian state.

September 23, 2010: Leadership and Responsibility in the New Brazilian International Agenda
By J.C. Hodges
On Sept. 23, the Brazil Institute, the Inter-American Dialogue, the Brazilian Center for International Relations (CEBRI), and Prospectiva Consulting hosted the conference “Leadership and Responsibility in the New Brazilian International Agenda.” This conference was convened to discuss Brazil’s new international profile, and to analyze both its rise and challenges from political and business perspectives. Two questions in particular guided the discussion: is this growth and new-found influence sustainable and how will Brazil use this recently-gained international position? The first panel discussed Brazil-U.S. relations specifically; the second looked at Brazil’s rise from the private sector’s point of view; and the third examined Brazil foreign policy, both current and future.

September 21, 2010: Moving Pictures o Los Autos de Caracas
By Chris Moore
Source: SOL Productions
"Moving Pictures o Los Autos de Caracas" is a documentary on Venezuela by former Dialogue staff member Chris Moore. It will premiere on October 7th at the Latin American Studies Association Conference in Toronto.

September 17, 2010: Former Chief of Argentine Central Bank Predicts Continued Inflation
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The former president of the Central Bank of Argentina, Martín Redrado, warned Thursday that the Argentine economy is showing signs of exhaustion at a discussion hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue.

September 16, 2010: A Conversation with Martín Redrado, former president of the Central Bank of Argentina
By Daphne Morrison
In January of this year, Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner dismissed Central Bank governor Martin Redrado in an unprecedented move that caused a national an international uproar. The controversy involved over $6 billion in foreign currency reserves that Redrado refused to hand over to the president to repay debts. President Kirchner then dismissed Redrado from his post by emergency decree—a move that was seriously questioned by constitutional experts. Redrado, who spoke at the Inter-American Dialogue on Thursday, September 16, eventually resigned.

September 16, 2010: Book Launch: Brazil on the Rise
By Renata Johnson
As the host of the 2014 Soccer World Cup and the 2016 Olympics, Brazil seems ready to take its place on the world stage. This is a dramatically different country than the one New York Times culture reporter Larry Rohter encountered when he first visited Brazil in 1972 during the military dictatorship. After covering several countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Rohter settled in Brazil, where he spent 14 years, first as a correspondent for Newsweek and later as the New York Times bureau chief. For his book Brazil on the Rise: The Story of a Country Transformed, published by Palgrave Macmillan and launched on Sept. 16 at the Woodrow Wilson International Center, Rohter interviewed Brazil’s key political, business, cultural and religious leaders.

September 14, 2010: A Conversation with Ollanta Humala
By Bridget O'Loughlin
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted an afternoon discussion with Ollanta Humala, an important Peruvian political figure and expected candidate for president in the April 2011 elections, on September 14.

September 13, 2010: Political Options and Outlook in Ecuador
By Bridget O'Loughlin
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on the current political situation in Ecuador featuring seven members of the National Assembly of Ecuador: Fernando Aguirre (Partido Sociedad Patriótica), Fausto Cobo (Partido Sociedad Patriótica), Fernando González (independiente), César Montúfar (Concertación Nacional), Magali Orellana (Pachacutik), Andrés Paez (Izquierda Democrática), and Leonardo Viteri (Partido Social Crisitiano).

September 13, 2010: "La libertad es vital en la política"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
En América Latina se han presentado en los últimos años fenómenos de coartación de la libertad de expresión, una nueva tendencia socialista de algunos gobiernos, concentración de poder, narcotráfico, etc. Michael Shifter habló para EL COMERCIO sobre estos temas en la región.

September 10, 2010: The Evolving Role of the Cuban Diaspora
By Chris Cote
Three Cuba experts led off the discussion: Juan Antonio Blanco, founder of the Felix Varela Center, one of the few NGOs operating in Havana, and now assistant director of Florida International’s Cuban Research Institute; Uva de Aragón, associate director of the Institute; and Emilio Morales, author of Cuba: Tránsito silencioso al capitalismo.

September 9, 2010: XIV Annual CAF Conference on the Americas
By Mary Dempsey
CAF, the Inter-American Dialogue, and the Organization of American States organize the annual conference in Washington, D.C., as a platform to identify pivotal issues in the region and make related policy recommendations. Among the participants are U.S. and Latin American government officials, international economists, lawmakers, policy analysts, journalists, and corporate and financial leaders.

September 1, 2010: Re-Election in the Andes: Politics and Prospects (PDF)
By Michael Penfold
This working paper, written by Michael Penfold, is the nineteenth in a special series focused on the Andean countries of South America. The paper examines the debate over incumbent re-election and removal of term limits in the Andean region. Specifically, Penfold seeks to reconcile the tasks of implementing far-reaching social and political change through maintaining power with the risks that consecutive re-election can pose to democratic governance.

August 31, 2010: La apuesta de invertir para una mejor educación: Evaluando la Ley de Financiamiento Educativo en la Argentina, 2006-2010 (PDF)
By PREAL / CIPPEC
Esta auditoría de política es el producto de una asociación entre PREAL y el Centro de Políticas Públicas para la Equidad y el Crecimiento (CIPPEC), y analiza la Ley de Financiamiento Educativo (26.075) promulgada en Argentina el año 2005. A través de la serie Auditorías de Política Educativa, se evalúan políticas nacionales en cinco dimensiones: legislación, implementación, resultados, financiamiento y transparencia.

August 26, 2010: ¿Será posible manejar mejor las cosas esta vez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace apenas un año, la noticia sobre el acuerdo de cooperación militar entre Colombia y los Estados Unidos llevó a que Hugo Chávez advirtiera sobre los "vientos de guerra" en la región. Sin embargo, este acuerdo hoy, bloqueado la semana pasada con una votación 6 a 3 en la Corte Constitucional colombiana, parece casi un vestigio de una era pasada.

August 26, 2010: In Cuba, a Hostage to International Brinkmanship
By Arturo Lopez-Levy
Source: Jewish Daily Forward
Alan Gross, an American Jew and USAID contractor, has sat in a Cuban prison for nearly nine months. Jews, whose history is bound together by stories of exile and return, captivity and freedom, long for his release. Cubans, who have been weary bystanders for decades in the games of brinkmanship between their government and the United States, know a political pawn when they see one.

August 20, 2010: Fiscal Policy and the Poor in Latin America (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
The brief summarizes recent research on the impact of fiscal policy on poverty and inequality in Latin America. It compares Europe, where fiscal policy significantly reduces inequality, to Latin America, where fiscal policy has almost no impact on inequality. The brief concludes that the combination of inadequate revenues, low-quality services and poorly targeted spending helps explain the limited role that fiscal policy has played. It is the third in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

August 20, 2010: La política fiscal y los pobres en América Latina (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear y Mariellen Malloy Jewers
La síntesis resume la más reciente investigación sobre el impacto de la política fiscal en la pobreza y desigualdad en América Latina. Dicha síntesis compara a Europa, donde la política fiscal reduce significativamente la desigualdad, con América Latina, donde la política fiscal casi no tiene impacto en la desigualdad. La síntesis concluye que la combinación de ingresos inadecuados, servicios de baja calidad y mala focalización del gasto ayuda explicar el papel limitado que ha tenido la política fiscal. Es la tercera dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocada en temas claves en la agenda social de la región.

August 13, 2010: Summer reading: Latin America edition
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Looking for some summer reading? Foreign Policy's got you covered. This list -- a collection of the best English books about Latin America -- comes from Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington

August 12, 2010: Colombia looks past Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Drifting away: Colombia's new president has taken the country's foreign policy priorities away from Washington.

August 6, 2010: Latin America's Shift to the Center
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter argues that "one of the most ideologically charged regions of the globe is turning to pragmatism" in this article for Foreign Policy.

August 5, 2010: Overcoming Inertia?: A Report Card on Education in Brazil, 2009 (PDF)
By Policy Monitoring Reports
The report analyzes the current state of education in Brazil in terms of coverage, quality, and equity. English and Portuguese.

August 2, 2010: Argentina's Debt Policies Keep its Reputation Tarnished
By Claudio Loser
The past month has been far from easy for Argentina, even as the authorities have declared victory more often than not. The World Cup is over and against domestic predictions Argentina's soccer team, and Argentina's own international reputation, have both remained in the customary second tier of rankings.

August 1, 2010: Obama and the Americas: Promise, Disappointment, Opportunity
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Foreign Affairs
Incoming U.S. presidents, from John F. Kennedy to George W. Bush, have often announced a new policy initiative toward Latin America and the Caribbean. But few expected this from Barack Obama.

July 30, 2010: III Foro Europa-América Latina- EE UU
By Áurea Moltó
Con el objetivo de analizar la situación de la democracia, la evolución económica y social en el contexto de la crisis financiera y evaluar la política latinoamericana de Barack Obama en su primer año, ex presidentes latinoamericanos, altos funcionarios, analistas y expertos del continente americano y de Europa se reunieron en el III Foro América Latina-Europa-Estados Unidos celebrado el 21 de abril en Madrid.

July 29, 2010: Santos, ¿una apuesta distinta con Chávez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Juan Manuel Santos, sin duda, le impondrá su marca a la crucial relación bilateral entre Colombia y Venezuela. Ya está bien claro que el presidente electo hará lo posible por evitar confrontaciones personales, a veces matizadas por ideologías, que con frecuencia caracterizaron la relación entre Uribe y Chávez.

July 29, 2010: Nuevamente la región se encuentra en un momento de alta tensión
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
Michael Shifter habló con El Comercio sobre la situación política en Ecuador y la región andina.

July 27, 2010: What Can Calm Tensions Between Venezuela and Colombia?
By Michael Shifter, Bernardo Alvarez Herrera, Luis Alfonso Hoyos
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez on July 22 severed diplomatic relations with Colombia over Bogotá's accusation that Colombian rebels are taking refuge in Venezuela. Chávez also said earlier this month that he will not attend the Aug. 7 inauguration of Colombia's incoming president, Juan Manuel Santos. Trade between the two countries has also plummeted since Chávez blocked most imports from Colombia. Will bilateral relations improve at all under Santos? Who is suffering the ill effects of the reduced trade? What is needed to calm tensions between Bogotá and Caracas?

July 27, 2010: What Can Calm Tensions Between Venezuela and Colombia?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez on July 22 severed diplomatic relations with Colombia over Bogotá's accusation that Colombian rebels are taking refuge in Venezuela. Chávez also said earlier this month that he will not attend the Aug. 7 inauguration of Colombia's incoming president, Juan Manuel Santos. Trade between the two countries has also plummeted since Chávez blocked most imports from Colombia. Will bilateral relations improve at all under Santos? Who is suffering the ill effects of the reduced trade? What is needed to calm tensions between Bogotá and Caracas?

July 26, 2010: Immigrants and Crime: Time for a Sensible Debate
By Francis Fukuyama
Source: Wall Street Journal
There is a widespread perception of a strong link between immigrants and crime. It is common to hear those who oppose immigration argue that the first act illegal immigrants commit on U.S. soil is to break the law—that is, our immigration laws—and that they are ipso facto criminals who will continue to disregard U.S. laws once in the country. Those making this argument are generally steadfastly opposed to any immigration reform that will provide the 10 million to 12 million illegals already in the country any path to citizenship, on the grounds that such an "amnesty" would reward law-breaking.

July 26, 2010: Entrevista con Michael Shifter : "Chávez está en problemas"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
En medio de la crisis de los presos políticos cubanos y del conflicto desatado entre Venezuela y Colombia por la presencia de guerrilleros de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) y el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) en territorio venezolano, el presidente de Diálogo Interamericano y reconocido analista internacional, Michael Shifter, habló con EL DEBER sobre la situación de los gobiernos en América Latina.

July 22, 2010: Changes in US Politics: For Good and For Ill
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Lima, Peru)
Over the past two decades the United States has changed in fundamental ways. The exaggerated expectations of the 1990s gave way to growing cynicism and political discord and division in the new millennium’s first decade. Still, there are a few encouraging developments. All hope is not lost.

July 22, 2010: Cuba's Political Puzzle
By Carl-Henri Prophète
This month we have witnessed the two most important political events in Cuba since Raúl Castro became president four years ago – the announcement of plans to release 52 political prisoners and Fidel Castro’s first major public address since he fell ill in late 2006. On July 22 the Dialogue held a breakfast discussion on the medium and longer term significance of these developments.

July 20, 2010: Challenging Stereotypes about Latin America
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: América Economia
It is important to overcome two stereotypes about Latin America and the Caribbean that are all too common in the United States. One is an excessively optimistic view of the region, often a result of projecting U.S. ideology and experience, combined with wishful thinking. The other is an excessively bleak vision of the region, often grounded in notions of U.S. superiority.

July 16, 2010: A Conversation with Fernando Cordero, President of the National Assembly of Ecuador
By Bridget O'Loughlin
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation on Ecuador’s political situation, policy agenda, and new constitution, featuring Fernando Cordero, the president of Ecuador’s National Assembly.

July 15, 2010: The Age of Productivity: Transforming Economies from the Bottom Up
By Chris Cote
The economies of Latin America and the Caribbean suffer from a chronic low-growth disease caused by low productivity. Unfortunately, the region has become so accustomed to this economic ailment, that it no longer considers slow growth its most pressing problem. And yet, the countries of the region are paying dearly for not assigning economic growth the highest priority.

July 13, 2010: Film Casts Glowing Light on Hugo Chavez: "South of the Border" Movie Review
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Academy award winning filmmaker Oliver Stone has released the new documentary "South of the Border," which throws a glowing light on Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, arguing that he has been portrayed unfavorably by the U.S. media. Voice of America's Penelope Poulou spoke with Michael Shifter about some of the film's claims.

July 11, 2010: What Next for Lula?
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
What does President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva do next? After nearly eight years in power, he is viewed across the globe as one of the world most successful presidents. He can and should aim high when he leaves office on January 1—and rumors have been increasing that he may even be interested in becoming UN Secretary-General, arguably the most prestigious of all international jobs.

July 6, 2010: Santos y Washington: ¿Una época diferente?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Mientras se habla tanto de la continuidad entre los gobiernos de Álvaro Uribe y Juan Manuel Santos, tal vez lo más impactante hasta ahora son las diferencias entre el titular y el Presidente electo.

July 6, 2010: Community and US Policy in the Americas
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Coming in the wake of growing tension with Brazil over Iran, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s recent trip to Latin America—her seventh in 18 months—provided a boost for Washington’s uneasy relations with the region. Despite continuing discord over Honduras, the OAS’s annual gathering of the hemisphere’s foreign ministers was largely free of the contention of last year’s session. In Quito, Secretary Clinton managed to put a smile on the face of Venezuelan ally President Rafael Correa and defuse some of the strains in US-Ecuadoran relations. Her visit to Bogota helped reassure Colombians of a sustained US commitment to their battle against guerrillas and drug mafias, even if final approval of their free trade agreement was still a way off. In Barbados, the Secretary announced stepped up US funding for fighting drug criminals in the Caribbean, which the island countries had been clamoring for for some time.

July 6, 2010: Latin America's Economic Future: Can the Region Become an Engine of Economic Growth?
By Dialogue Staff
“Developing countries could be rescued by developing countries as a whole,” said a senior official at the World Bank in an afternoon discussion at the Dialogue on July 6, 2010. Otaviano Canuto, vice president of the World Bank and head of its Poverty Reduction and Economic Management network (PREM), and Marcelo Giugale, director of PREM, led a discussion on the “negative legacy” of the crisis in the developing world and prospects for the region to become an engine for economic growth. The following summary reflects the views expressed in their presentation.

July 1, 2010: Rising Brazil: The Choices of a New Global Power
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Externa
This essay explores the question of what we should expect from newly powerful Brazil. It discusses whether the country has the capacity and leadership to be a central actor in addressing critical global and regional problems–poverty and inequality, democracy and human rights, nuclear proliferation, and climate change, for example and whether it can make a difference. What appears certain is that, to sustain its international influence and profile, Brazil will increasingly have to make some hard choices on vital global matters and do a better job at serving the needs of its citizens at home.

June 30, 2010: Hay un retroceso democrático claro en Nicaragua
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Confidencial
Desde sus oficinas en Washington D.C, Michael Shifter, Presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, --uno de los principales centros de análisis sobre las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina-- señala que entre demócratas y republicanos existe preocupación por la forma que el Presidente Daniel Ortega gobierna el país. “No hay confianza en el Consejo Supremo Electoral, ni una ruta fácil para enfrentar los problemas políticos en Nicaragua”, advierte Shifter. Mientras tanto, en la OEA se debate la necesidad de flexibilizar los mecanismos para acceder a la Carta Democrática Interamericana.

June 27, 2010: Sem vestígios do naufrágio (PDF)
By Paul Wander
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
Dez anos após a saga do menino cubano Elián González captar a atenção mundial, as relações Cuba-EUA mudaram muito pouco.

June 27, 2010: 2010 Sol M. Linowitz Forum
By Inter-American Dialogue
The Inter-American Dialogue held its biennial Sol Linowitz Forum on June 25 to 27, 2010 in Washington, DC. The Forum brings the Dialogue’s 100 members together in Washington once every two years for an extended discussion of the most important issues in hemispheric affairs. Outside analysts and officials join Dialogue members to explore diverse perspectives and stimulate fresh thinking. The 2010 Forum marked the eighth meeting of the Forum, which was inaugurated in 1996, and the seventeenth time that the Dialogue membership has met in plenary session.

June 25, 2010: Qué piensan en Washington de los países de América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Infobae América
Infobae América dialogó en exclusiva con Michael Shifter, presidente de Inter-American Dialogue, el think tank sobre asuntos latinoamericanos más influyente de los Estados Unidos.

June 21, 2010: A Decade of Plan Colombia: Time for a New Approach
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
Few US policies towards Latin America in recent years have generated as much interest, and controversy, as the multi-year program to assist Colombia in its fight against drugs and related violence known as “Plan Colombia.” As it completes a full decade, it is useful to review Plan Colombia's accomplishments as well as its shortcomings and disappointments.

June 18, 2010: Remittances Scorecard for Latin America and the Caribbean
By Matthew Schewel
Growing competition among companies that offer remittance transfers to Latin America has helped lower transaction costs for migrants living in the United States, according to a new study by the Inter-American Dialogue.

June 18, 2010: A Scorecard in the Market for Money Transfers: Trends in Competition in Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Elisabeth Burgess and Landen Romei
This report presents a review of remittance markets from the United States to 15 selected Latin America and Caribbean countries. It finds competition among remittance service providers (RSPs) relatively strong, with lower costs, high consumer satisfaction, and payout networks spanning over 50,000 payment points across the region.

June 17, 2010: Un ranking para el Mercado de Remesas de España: Tendencias de la Competencia en América Latina y el Caribe (PDF)
By Elisabeth Burgess, Landen Romei y Manuel Orozco
Este trabajo presenta los resultados de investigación de campo a 15 empresas remesadoras que operan desde España a seis países de América Latina y el Caribe.

June 17, 2010: Castros reject any opening
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
A letter signed by 74 Cuban citizens -- calling on the U.S. Congress to end the travel ban on Americans visiting Cuba -- has raised hackles among hard-liners in Miami. With them in mind, the signatories acknowledge that the regime stands to benefit from windfall earnings if the ban is lifted, and that these could, indeed, be used to reinforce its repressive machinery.

June 16, 2010: Expertos destacan manejo de la crisis en la región y proyectan los riesgos que vienen, una entrevista con Peter Hakim
By Carolina Gutiérrez U.
Source: El Mercurio
El ex director del Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental del FMI, Claudio Loser, y el presidente emérito del Instituto Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, coinciden en que América Latina ha hecho importantes progresos.

June 16, 2010: Interview with Former Senator Mel Martinez
By Latin America Advisor
The Dialogue's Latin America Advisor interviewed former Senator Mel Martinez, Republican of Florida, on the U.S.-Cuba relationship. A version of this interview was published in the Advisor's Featured Q&A on June 16.

June 15, 2010: What Was Accomplished at Last Week's OAS Meeting?
By John F. Maisto, Vicki Gass, Diego Arria, Abraham F. Lowenthal
Foreign ministers from across the Western Hemisphere, including U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, gathered June 6-8 in Lima for the annual General Assembly of the Organization of American States. What was accomplished at the meeting?

June 15, 2010: Entrevista con Fernando Henrique Cardoso--"En los últimos meses Lula ha actuado más con el corazón que con la cabeza"
By Fernando Gualdoni
Source: El País
Fernando Gualdoni entrevista a Fernando Henrique Cardoso y hablan de la presidencia de Lula y qué viene próximo para Brasil.

June 14, 2010: Toward financial independence:Financial literacy for remittance senders and recipients (PDF)
By Nancy Castillo, Landen Romei and Manuel Orozco
Source: Inter-American Dialogue
This briefing reports the experience of providing financial education to migrants and the effects on their behavior. We find that migrants are receptive to financial education, particularly through a methodology that meets their needs in a format that is personal, and that they demonstrate a willingness to modify their behavior. Moreover, there are opportunities to expand and strengthen the impact of financial literacy to this segment through cooperation among relevant actors.

June 14, 2010: Financial Access among Remittance Senders (PDF)
By Remittances and Develoment Program
Source: Inter-American Dialogue
Powerpoint for Inter-American Dialogue Workshop on Financial Literacy for Migrants, June 14, 2010

June 14, 2010: Workshop on Financial Literacy for Migrants in the United States
By Nancy Castillo
Participants from non-profits, the private sector, government, international organizations and philanthropic foundations came together to discuss the importance of financial literacy for migrants and efforts to expand this type of education in migrant communities. The meeting focused on a new financial literacy model developed by the Dialogue and plans to strengthen and expand the initiative. The Dialogue initiative, born in 2001 with the support of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, aims to help migrants—often characterized by one of the most vulnerable minorities of society—build assets and have access to the financial system. The idea expanded to include family members of migrants that receive remittances.

June 14, 2010: Declining Inequality in Latin America: A Decade of Progress? (PDF)
By Nora Lustig and Luis F. López-Calva (Eds)
Latin America is always singled out because of its high and persistent income inequality. However, after a period of rising inequality, towards the end of the 1990s Latin America’s concentration of income began to fall. Of the seventeen countries for which comparable data is available, twelve experienced a decline since 2000 in particular. Through in-depth analyses of Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Peru, this book is among the first attempts to understand why inequality has fallen in Latin America since 2000.

June 11, 2010: Former Argentine Energy Ministers: Sector Needs Long-Term Plan
By Matthew Schewel
Two former energy secretaries of Argentina on Thursday called on their government to adopt a long-term strategy to diversify the country's energy sources, stem a decline in oil and gas production and stimulate investment in the electricity sector by phasing out subsidies.

June 9, 2010: Latin America’s Education Challenges Call for Concrete Action
By Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: FOCALPoint
By focusing on three priority areas, Latin American governments and their citizens could go a long way toward providing quality education for all children.

June 8, 2010: Interview with Peter Hakim: Depois da desfeita de Amorim, Hillary prega "comunidade da Américas,"
By Angela Pimenta
Source: Exame
Peter Hakim discusses the idea of a new Community of the Americas resting on four pillars: strengthening democratic institutions, cooperation for development and combating socioeconomic inequality, technological cooperation in energy and climate change, and security cooperation.

June 7, 2010: Is a Santos Victory Assured in Colombia's Second Round?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
On May 30, former Colombian Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos handily defeated his rivals in the first round of Colombia's presidential election, winning 46.6 percent of the vote. In the June 20 runoff, he will face off against former Bogotá Mayor Antanas Mockus, who garnered 21.5 percent on May 30. What is the significance of Santos' commanding victory in the first round? Does Mockus stand a chance in the second round? Which of the two candidates will win the support of voters who cast ballots for other candidates in the first round?

June 3, 2010: ¿Una nueva era de cambios en Colombia?
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter, presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, dice por qué fallaron las encuestas sobre los candidatos a la presidencia de Colombia.

June 3, 2010: Santos: Uribe's heir (almost) apparent
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
The results of Sunday's presidential elections in Colombia surprised pollsters and pundits alike. Everyone predicted a very tight race, with a second round almost inevitable. Instead, Juan Manuel Santos, the government-backed candidate of the U Party, handily outdistanced all contenders. What accounts for the rout?

June 3, 2010: Uribe y Santos son los ganadores
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones del domingo pasado demostraron que, aunque puede que haya algo de "fatiga de Uribe", el mandatario sigue siendo extremadamente popular.

June 3, 2010: Old M.O. isn't working
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Until Tuesday, we were in a holding pattern. Then Havana finally began the transfer of six men out of 53 still imprisoned during the Black Spring of 2003 to jails closer to their homes.

June 2, 2010: Política externa responsável
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

June 1, 2010: Brazil and Iran: A Diplomatic Triumph or a Missed Opportunity?
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
A “triumph of diplomacy” was how Brazilian President Lula da Silva portrayed Brazil and Turkey’s recent nuclear accord with Iran. And that’s what it looked like at first. The two countries managed to clinch a deal similar to the agreement that the US and other world powers had unsuccessfully pursued last year. But, shortly thereafter, US Secretary of State Clinton announced that the US, Russia, Britain, France, and China (i.e., the permanent members of the UN Security Council) had agreed to tighten sanctions on Iran—precisely what the Brazil/Turkey initiative was supposed to prevent. Lula’s diplomacy had not prevailed. This confusing sequence of events raises several critical questions about Brazil’s global agenda and influence.

May 31, 2010: Santos Takes Sizable Lead in Colombia's Presidential Race
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: PBS NewsHour
In what was originally considered a closely contested race for president in Colombia, former defense minister Juan Manuel Santos ended up taking a comfortable lead against eccentric former Bogota mayor Antanas Mockus in Sunday's first-round vote. To learn more about what the results of the election might mean heading into the runoff, PBS NewsHour spoke to Michael Shifter.

May 28, 2010: Hay que tener altos niveles de aprendizaje
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Dinero (Colombia)
Dinero habló con el codirector de PREAL acerca de la calidad de la educación en Colombia y América Latina.

May 26, 2010: Ecuador's Foreign Policy
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
The U.S. Embassy in Ecuador recently announced that it had delivered $1.2 million of donated military equipment to the Ecuadoran military, a year after Ecuadoran President Rafael Correa ordered the closing of a U.S. air base in the country. In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, explains Ecuador's bilateral relations with the U.S. and its regional foreign policy.

May 25, 2010: Give Truth a Chance
By Michael C. Lisman
Source: The Guardian / Comment is Free
Despite concerns from critics, the truth and reconciliation commission in Honduras deserves a fair shot at its investigation.

May 25, 2010: Second Meeting of the Working Group on Democratic Governance
By Inter-American Dialogue
The Working Group on Democratic Governance—jointly sponsored by Inter-American Dialogue, the Organization of American States, and International IDEA—convened for a second time in Washington on May 24 and 25, 2010 to discuss threats to democratic governance in Latin America and the Caribbean. Particular attention was paid to the rule of law and the Inter-American Democratic Charter.

May 21, 2010: Cuba and Gender Equality: Is Progress Being Made?
By Carl-Henri Prophète
Since the Cuban Revolution serious progress has been made on womens issues in social and economic areas, but when it comes to political decision-making Cuban women are under-represented.

May 20, 2010: U.S. Could Lose Trade Edge in Asia, Latin America: Experts
By Matthew Schewel
The United States needs to take on a leadership role in global trade diplomacy or risk losing its ability to compete in Asian and Latin American markets, experts said at a recent panel discussion co-hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue and the Chilean-American Chamber of Commerce.

May 20, 2010: Was the Iran Nuclear Deal a Victory for Brazil?
By Peter Hakim, Paulo Sotero, Matias Spektor
After talks with Brazil and Turkey, Iran agreed Monday to send about half of its uranium to Turkey. In return, Iran is to receive nuclear fuel rods processed by Russia and France for use in medical research. The agreement did not avert the Obama administration from announcing on Tuesday that the United States and major powers including China and Russia had agreed to impose new U.N. sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program. Was the deal involving Brazil a victory for President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva following criticisms of his engagement with Tehran? What will the agreement with Iran do for Brazil's prospects as a leader and negotiator on the global stage?

May 20, 2010: Chávez snubs Colombia
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
At a meeting of the Río Group in February, a Group of Friends led by Dominican President Leonel Fernández offered to mediate the conflict between two neighbors. Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chávez accepted. When Colombia's constitutional court banned Uribe from seeking a third consecutive term, however, Venezuela postponed any improvement in relations until Uribe's successor took office.

May 19, 2010: A Conversation with Eduardo Stein, Coordinator of the Honduran Truth Commission
By Paul Wander
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion on the Honduran Truth Commission with Eduardo Stein, the coordinator of the Commission and former vice-president and foreign minister of Guatemala. The session took place on Wednesday, May 19 at the Inter-American Dialogue.

May 19, 2010: Outlook on Colombia’s Presidential Election: The Race to Succeed Uribe
By Alex Bowley
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation on the May 30 presidential election in Colombia featuring the perspectives of three highly respected Colombian political observers: Rodrigo Pardo, editorial director of the Colombian newsmagazine Semana and former Foreign Minister of Colombia; Antonio Navarro Wolff, governor of Nariño of the Alternative Democratic Pole party who served as senator and Minister of Health; and Rafael Nieto, a political analyst and columnist who served as Colombian Vice-Minister of Justice.

May 18, 2010: Latin America's Growing Equality: Myth or Reality?
By Jeffrey Puryear
It's worth noting that inequality has declined recently in much of Latin America. But are these decreases part of a long-term trend? Has Latin America found an effective and sustainable strategy for reducing inequality?

May 13, 2010: Constitutional Reform in Latin America: What Is the Record?
By Daphne Morrison
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion featuring Roberto Gargarella, one of Argentina’s leading legal theorists, on the recent wave of constitutional reform in Latin America.

May 12, 2010: Congressional Members Discuss the Organization of American States
By Araceli Y. Flores
A Congressional Members Working Group Dinner Discussion.

May 11, 2010: A Conversation with Luis Castañeda Lossio, Mayor of Lima
By Araceli Flores
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast conversation with Luis Castañeda Lossio, the mayor of Lima who is leading the polls for Peru’s 2011 presidential elections. The session took place on Tuesday, May 11 from 8:30 to 10:00 a.m. at the Inter-American Dialogue.

May 10, 2010: Erikson joins State Department
By Press Advisory
The Inter-American Dialogue is pleased to announce that senior associate Daniel P. Erikson has been appointed senior advisor for Western Hemisphere affairs at the U.S. Department of State.

May 8, 2010: América Latina: La Democracia Amenazada
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio

May 6, 2010: The Aftermath of the Crisis: Policy Lessons and Challenges Ahead for Latin America and the Caribbean
By Matthew Schewel
Latin American countries could be affected by the unfolding Greek debt crisis if the bailout being prepared by the International Monetary Fund and European Union diminishes the international financial community’s willingness to provide emergency liquidity in future crises.

May 6, 2010: Plotting the way forward
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Last Sunday the Damas de Blanco -- dressed in white with coral gladioli in their hands -- resumed their customary walk after Mass at the Church of Santa Rita. Freedom again rang along the stately Fifth Avenue in Miramar, a Havana suburb.

May 6, 2010: Remittances and development: financial literacy in an international perspective (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Elisabeth Burgess, Nancy Castillo and Landen Romei
This draft paper presents an analysis and the results of fieldwork in the area of financial education as a tool to convert remittance clients into bank clients.

May 5, 2010: EVENT: The US and Spain in Latin America 2010: Converging Policies and Interests?
By Chris Cote

May 4, 2010: President Spandex?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The man who once mooned an auditorium of students, dressed up as a superhero to teach civics lessons, and cleaned up Bogotá while he was at it just might become Colombia's next president.

May 4, 2010: Has Obama Kept His Summit of the Americas Promises?
By Michael Shifter, Bernardo Álvarez, Roger Noriega
It was just over a year ago that leaders of 34 nations of the hemisphere gathered in Trinidad and Tobago for the Summit of the Americas. How much progress has been made in the past year on the goals expressed at the summit?

May 4, 2010: ¿Presidente en lycras?
By Michael Shifter
Source: VenEconomía Mensual

April 29, 2010: Elecciones, una mirada desde Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La carrera para suceder a Álvaro Uribe está haciendo noticia en Washington. Colombia, el país de las sorpresas y las paradojas, una vez más llama la atención.

April 28, 2010: Ex-Im Bank On Track to Double Latin America Financing This Year
By Matthew Schewel
The Export-Import Bank of the United States is on track to double its financing of U.S. exports to Latin America this year as part of President Barack Obama's ambitious plan to increase the country's exports twofold by 2015, the bank's head said Tuesday.

April 28, 2010: A Conversation on Haiti
By Paul Wander
Members of congress sat down with analysts to discuss Haiti after the earthquake at a meeting of the Dialogue's Congressional Members Working Group on Wednesday, April 28, 2010.

April 26, 2010: The U.S. Needs Help on Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
The U.S. policy toward Cuba is outdated, but it cannot make the changes alone. The U.S. needs reciprocity from Cuba, as well as help from Latin America--especially Brazil--to move forward in their limited relationship.

April 26, 2010: Bolivia Seeks Investment as Companies Vie to Develop Lithium
By Matthew Schewel
Bolivia's government is in negotiations with a number of firms to develop the country's vast lithium reserves and plans to award the concession to the company that offers it the best deal for "comprehensive industrialization," Finance Minister Luis Arce said Friday.

April 23, 2010: Argentina: The Unending Saga On Debt (PDF)
By Claudio Loser
Source: New York State Senate Public Hearing
Testimony by Inter-American Dialogue Visiting Senior Fellow Claudio Loser in front of the New York State Senate at a hearing entitled “Argentine Debt and New York Impact.”

April 23, 2010: EVENT: Funes Government aims to leave lasting legacy, great public policy changes in El Salvador
By Alex Bowley
El Salvador's Technical Secretary to the Presidency, Alexander Segovia, led a discussion at the Dialogue on the Funes government's five year plan for public policy improvements in the country.

April 23, 2010: Brazil key to curbing Iran's influence
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Iran is a pariah regime. Claiming only peaceful purposes for its nuclear program, Tehran is processing uranium in quantities that say otherwise. In 2006, the U.N. Security Council first imposed sanctions while offering incentives for the regime to come clean. It hasn't. Is an Iran armed with nuclear weapons inevitable?

April 23, 2010: At Washington Summit, U.S. and Venezuela Renew Energy Dialogue
By Matthew Schewel
Venezuela and the United States last Friday held their first cabinet-level meeting on energy cooperation since 2004, pledging to restart the exchange of technical information that was suspended during the administration of former President George W. Bush.

April 22, 2010: Leveraging the Private Sector for Education
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
PREAL Co-Director Jeffrey Puryear shares his thoughts on how private donors from the worlds of business and philanthropy can join forces to bolster educational progress.

April 22, 2010: Strengthening Partnerships: Lessons From Haiti and the Way Forward
By German Marshall Fund
On Thursday, April 22nd, the German Marshall Fund hosted a panel discussion in collaboration with the Inter-American Dialogue and World Bank on Haiti with Auguste Kouame, Lead Economist, Caribbean Countries, World Bank; Geraldine Dufort, Counselor, European Union Delegation to the US; Russell Porter, Deputy Coordinator, Haiti Task Team, USAID; and Corinne Delechat, Mission Chief for Haiti, IMF. Kathleen Campbell, Associate Director, Aid Effectiveness Project, Save the Children was the respondent. Ambassador Raymond Joseph, the Haitian Ambassador to the U.S., and Haiti's Minister of Tourism, Patrick Delatour also participated in the dialogue. After panelists made their remarks, the Ambassador and Minister provided comments.

April 21, 2010: How Could U.S. Financial Reform Affect Money Transfer Companies?
By Manuel Orozco, Annette LoVoi, Paul Dwyer and Tom Haider
A draft version of the Restoring American Financial Stability Act proposed by U.S. Sen. Christopher Dodd (D.-Conn.) contains an amendment that would directly impact the money transfer industry, including requirements that companies regularly disclose and post exchange rates. How would the bill in its current form affect remittance providers?

April 19, 2010: LATIN AMERICA/US: Mixed results one year post-Summit
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: Oxford Analytica
Tangible improvements in relations since President Barack Obama's regional debut at the Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago have been elusive. Frustrations persist over stalled progress on longstanding disputes and the obstacles created by divergent foreign policy priorities and domestic political constraints.

April 19, 2010: A Conversation with Lieutenant General P.K. (Ken) Keen, U.S. Army - Commander, Joint Task Force - Haiti
By Alex Bowley
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion of the US military’s response to the earthquake in Haiti featuring Lieutenant General P. K. (Ken) Keen, the Military Deputy Commander of U.S. Southern Command.

April 16, 2010: A Conversation about Education in Brazil
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Fundação Lemann talks with PREAL Co-Director Jeffrey Puryear about the main features of PREAL's first national report card on education in Brazil.

April 16, 2010: La verdadera historia de Cancún
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Con un acuerdo de Brasil y México firmado, casi todos los países de América Latina estarían vinculados a través de la red existente de acuerdos económicos y comerciales. Brasil ataría a México a sus socios del Mercosur Argentina, Paraguay y Uruguay, mientras que México traería Brasil más cerca de sus socios del TLCAN, los EE.UU. y Canadá. TLCAN y el Mercosur son dos grupos de países que hasta ahora han sido incapaces de construir lazos productivos comerciales. Una sólida relación económica de Brasil y México podría convertirse en la piedra angular de un nuevo intento de forjar un acuerdo comercial a nivel hemisférico para sustituir a las negociaciones en curso sin esperanzas para el Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas (ALCA).

April 14, 2010: The Obama Administration and Latin America: Towards a New Partnership? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Centre for International Governance Innovation
The presidency of Barack Obama ushered in a welcome honeymoon period in US-Latin American relations following eight years of the Bush administration’s polarizing policies towards the region. Early optimism has been tempered by the reappearance of tensions in hemispheric relations. Still, the US has potential to advance a strategy of substantive, issueoriented engagement designed to rekindle the early goodwill that resulted from Obama’s election to the White House.

April 13, 2010: After the Crisis: Challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean with Enrique Iglesias
By Matthew Schewel
Former Inter-American Development Bank president Enrique Iglesias said April 13 that strong macroeconomic management helped most Latin American nations avoid the worst effects of the global financial crisis, but he urged regional leaders not to let recent economic successes go to their heads.

April 12, 2010: EVENT: Outlook for Remittances to Latin America in 2010
By Matthew Schewel
After decreasing in 2009 for the first time on record, remittance flows to Latin America and the Caribbean could make a modest comeback this year although the full extent of economic recovery remains unclear, experts said Monday at an Inter-American Dialogue panel discussion.

April 9, 2010: A discussion about Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Charlie Rose Show
The Charlie Rose Show talks about Latin America with a panel featuring Dialogue president Michael Shifter.

April 8, 2010: Después de la reforma a la salud, ¿qué sigue para Obama?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Con la reforma aprobada, Obama está en posición más fuerte para preparar el terreno y llevar a cabo el trabajo legislativo necesario para el 2011.

April 8, 2010: Castro & Co. deaf to Cubans' frustration
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Things aren't going well for Havana, and the regime simply doesn't get it.

April 8, 2010: Haiti (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Freedom House
Haitian politics have been embroiled in conflict ever since the country gained independence in 1804. Over the past two centuries, there have been 34 coups d'état in Haiti, and the violent overthrow of government has been far more commonplace than the peaceful transition of power from one president to another. This essay is part of the Freedom House series "Countries at the Crossroads," and covers the period from December 1, 2005 through May 31, 2009.

April 7, 2010: Honduras (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Rebecca Rouse
Source: Freedom House
Since 2006, Honduras has crossed into dangerous territory due to political in - effectiveness and an inability to deepen democratic institutions. While fragile social movements and members of the international community seek to pro mote civic engagement and the rule of law, President José Manuel Zelaya Rosales and other politicians have contributed to the deterioration of stability, relying on populism and responding inadequately to challenges from international organized crime networks and persistent poverty.

April 7, 2010: A Estados Unidos le resulta difícil dialogar con la Argentina--Entrevisa con Peter Hakim
By Silvia Pisani
Source: La Nación
Dentro de unas horas, la presidenta Cristina Kirchner llegará a esta ciudad en busca de acercamiento con los Estados Unidos. Con la experiencia de 17 años al frente del Inter American Dialogue (IAD) -el principal centro aquí para el análisis de políticas regionales-, Peter Hakim habla del escenario en el que transcurre esta nueva visita y de la desconfianza que hay en Washington hacia el gobierno argentino. "Hay desconcierto y desánimo", dice, y señala lo difícil que se está volviendo el diálogo bilateral.

March 30, 2010: A Conversation with José Antonio García Belaunde, Foreign Minister of Peru
By Matthew Schewel
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation on Peru’s foreign policy agenda featuring José Antonio García Belaunde, Peru’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, on March 30.

March 25, 2010: Argentina’s past and present
By Claudio Loser
Source: The Economist
Visiting Senior Fellow Claudio Loser's letter appeared in the online version of The Economist on March 25, 2010.

March 23, 2010: Colombia y Ecuador en 2009: El tortuoso camino hacía un restablecimiento de las relaciones (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: EFE Anuario Iberoamericano 2010
This article explores the stormy state of Colombia-Ecuador relations in the past year, but suggests that the many problems between the two countries are longstanding and stem from diverging interests that began years before the March 2008 crisis.

March 22, 2010: Saindo da Inércia?: Boletim da Educação no Brasil, 2009 (PDF)
By Policy Monitoring Reports
El informe nacional de progreso educativo es el primero producido por PREAL y su contraparte brasileña, la Fundación Lemann, y evalúa el estado y progreso del sistema educativo de Brasil, usando los mejores datos disponibles.

March 19, 2010: A Conversation with Miguel Carvajal, Ecuador’s Minister of Security
By Adam Nathan Siegel
The Inter-American Dialogue held a conversation on the security agenda in Ecuador and the wider Andean region featuring Miguel Carvajal, Ecuador’s Minister of Security. Minister Carvajal coordinates Ecuador’s national security strategy and oversees a variety of agencies within the country, including the Ministry of Interior and Police, the Ministry of National Defense, and the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights.

March 18, 2010: Brasil, el país del futuro
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Después de 16 años de liderazgo efectivo, ocho de Fernando Henrique Cardoso y ocho de Lula, el desorden político y económico ha dado paso al ascenso notable de Brasil en el escalafón mundial. En el transcurso de las dos décadas pasadas, Brasil se ha convertido en una potencia regional respetada.

March 18, 2010: Ambassador: Guatemala Seeks More U.S. Help to Fight Drug Gangs
By Matthew Schewel
Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom has begun preliminary talks with U.S. officials to expand security cooperation between the two governments as the Central American country finds itself "under siege" from drug traffickers, Guatemala's ambassador to the United States said.

March 18, 2010: Como si no pasara nada
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la red
El régimen cubano no conoce la vergüenza. El 8 de marzo, Granma auguró la muerte de Guillermo Fariñas Hernández. En huelga de hambre desde el 24 de febrero, Fariñas está demandando la liberación de dos docenas de prisioneros políticos enfermos. Cuba no puede ser chantajeada ni presionada, señaló Granma, ni sería ético obligarlo a alimentarse mientras se encuentre consciente.

March 17, 2010: Obama and the Haitian earthquake
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: FOCALPoint
The Obama administration could make a positive contribution to democratic governance and the rule of law in Haiti by using its leverage, both in Haiti and with the broader international community, in order to facilitate timely elections and reinvigorating efforts to create a solid development path for the country. If the Haitian earthquake is followed by the country’s political unravelling, then the damage from this natural disaster will be magnified even further and U.S. interests in Haiti will be even harder to achieve.

March 17, 2010: Haiti's Educational Moment
By Jeffrey Puryear and Michael Lisman
Source: FOCALPoint
By investing their meager funds in private schools, Haitians have dramatically demonstrated their demand for education. Haiti’s government and the international community should respond by rethinking how the system works, and helping guarantee that all schools, public and private, do a better job of serving their students.

March 17, 2010: Haiti's other side: The diaspora's solidarity and realism
By Manuel Orozco
Source: FOCALPoint
Haiti’s earthquake has dramatically impacted not only the island nation, but also its migrant communities. As many now highlight the importance of involving the diaspora in reconstruction efforts, it is crucial to measure the willingness and capacity of Haitian migrants to support their country —which may be more limited than what is commonly assumed.

March 16, 2010: Is This Time Different For Latin American Economies?
By Claudio Loser
The common wisdom these days is that Latin America has learned its lessons after 30 years of general mismanagement, and that now the situation is truly different. In an attempt to find out, I focused on the predictors of external crises described in the book "This Time is Different" by Kenneth Rogoff and Carmen Reinhart.

March 15, 2010: Obama subestimó las dificultades de la agenda para América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Clarín
Obama no logró hasta ahora cambiar las percepciones erróneas e intereses creados que siguen condicionando las relaciones entre Washington y una parte importante de América latina.

March 11, 2010: Y sigue siendo la economía...
By Peter Hakim
Source: América economía
La importancia económica de América Latina para Estados Unidos es cada vez mayor, ya sea como destino comercial, socios inversores, fuentes de energía, de materias primas, o de capital y trabajo.

March 11, 2010: OECD Deputy Secretary General Eyes Brazil as a Potential Member
By Matthew Schewel
A top official of the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said Thursday that he would like to see Brazil join the group, but that domestic political factors stand in the way of its accession.

March 11, 2010: Business as usual
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On March 8, Granma, the Communist Party daily, foretold the death of Guillermo Fariñas Hernandez. On a hunger strike since Feb. 24, he is demanding that two dozen political prisoners in ill health be freed. Cuba can't be blackmailed or pressured, Granma noted, nor would it be ethical to force-feed him while conscious.

March 11, 2010: Obama ¿Y América Latina?
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Caretas
CARETAS conversó con Michael Shifter, flamante presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, sobre las actuales relaciones de EEUU con los países de la región y la situación de la OEA a escasas semanas de la elección del Secretario General. Defiende a José Miguel Insulza y cuestiona a EEUU y a los demás países por no darle importancia a la OEA.

March 10, 2010: House SubCommittee Extension of Remarks (PDF)
By Congressman Engel
Congressman Engel formally thanks Peter for his years of contribution to Latin American issues and his service to the House Sub Committee on the Western Hemisphere.

March 10, 2010: House SubCommittee Extension of Remarks (PDF)
By Congressman Meeks
Congressman Meeks formally thanked Peter for his years of contribution to Latin American issues and his service to the House Sub Committee on the Western Hemisphere.

March 10, 2010: House SubCommittee Extension of Remarks (PDF)
By Congressman Mack
Congressman Mack formally thanked Peter for his years of contribution to Latin American issues and his service to the House Sub Committee on the Western Hemisphere.

March 10, 2010: Los cubanos de la próxima revolución
By Editorial Review
Source: Política Exterior
Con un bagaje intelectual y académico de primer nivel, con la experiencia de decenas de viajes y entrevistas a personajes clave, el libro de Erikson es una referencia fundamental para entender el presente e intuir el futuro de Cuba, un futuro que el autor denomina “the next revolution”: la revolución de las expectativas de una nueva oleada de cubanos que desde la isla, Washington y Miami protagonizarán el cambio.

March 10, 2010: Focus on Haiti (PDF)
By Canadian Foundation for the Americas and the Inter-American Dialogue
Source: FOCALPoint: Canada's Spotlight on the Americas
In collaboration with the Inter-American Dialogue, Canada's Foundation for the Americas March 2010 edition of FOCALPoint is devoted entirely to Haiti, featuring articles by Dan Erikson, Jeff Puryear, and Michael Lisman.

March 10, 2010: Obama Administration Policy in Latin America. Year II
By Peter Hakim
Peter Hakim testified before the House SubCommittee on the Western Hemisphere on the year ahead in U.S.-Latin American relations. The first year of the Obama Administration has demonstrated how difficult it is to improve the quality of US-Latin American relations and develop more productive regional ties.

March 10, 2010: Obama y Latinoamérica: año II (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Una traducción del testimonio que Peter Hakim dio antes del Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, publicado en Politica Exterior.

March 10, 2010: Event Summary: Rethinking US Drug Policy
By Daphne Morrison
The Inter-American Dialogue convened a private meeting on Capitol Hill to discuss US drug policy and its alternatives on March 10, 2010.

March 9, 2010: Does Latin America Need Another Regional Organization?
By Roger Noriega, Peter Hakim, Mark Weisbrot, Andres Rozental, Pierre Pettigrew
During last month's Rio Group summit in Mexico, Latin American leaders agreed to form a new regional bloc that would exclude the United States and Canada, presenting an alternative to the Washington-based Organization of American States. What would be the functions of this new group, and is it needed? What are the implications for U.S. and Canadian policy in the Americas, and for the future of the OAS?

March 4, 2010: Insulza y la OEA: momento de prueba
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
José Miguel Insulza parece estar camino a la reelección como Secretario de la Organización de Estados Americanos. Por el momento, Insulza es el único candidato que se ha presentado para la votación del 24 de marzo. Curiosamente Estados Unidos y Venezuela, dos gobiernos que rara vez están de acuerdo, están entre los indecisos.

March 4, 2010: U.S. Refocuses Policy Approach in Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: NewsHour with Jim Lehrer
With Brazil's global status on the rise, the United States is re-evaluating its approach to Latin American policy. Margaret Warner reports on Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's trip to several South American nations, and speaks with Michael Shifter about her trip.

March 3, 2010: Violencia e Impunidad: Cómo Proteger a los Periodistas en Colombia y México (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
En el año 2008 se realizaron dos encuentros privados, uno en Colombia y otro en México, orientados a imprimir mayor urgencia al tratamiento de los delitos en contra del periodismo, a fortalecer la comunicación entre medios y autoridades encargadas de la defensa de los periodistas, y a proponer un conjunto de recomendaciones respecto de la investigación y persecución de hechos de violencia contra la prensa.

March 2, 2010: Responding to the Quake: Chile Digs Out
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Kojo Nnamdi Show
The massive earthquake that struck Chile this weekend was 500 times more powerful than the one that crippled Haiti a few weeks ago. But Chile appears to have suffered far less immediate damage. Kojo Nnamdi and Michael Shifter explore the political and economic history of Chile, one of Latin America's wealthiest nations, and examine how that history is shaping the response to this week's disaster.

March 2, 2010: Adios, Amigos
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter looks at Hillary Clinton's trip to Latin America in an article for Foreign Policy that asks if Latin America has stopped caring what the United States thinks.

March 1, 2010: Decisión de la Corte sobre el referendo fue evaluada por un centro de análisis político de E.U.
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Michael Shifter, vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano en Washington, da su perspectiva sobre el impacto internacional que tiene la decisión que impide un tercer período del presidente Uribe.

February 26, 2010: Pentagon Official: Drug Traffickers Threatening Central America
By Matthew Schewel
The top U.S. Defense Department official for Latin America expressed concern Thursday that a crackdown on the drug trade in Colombia, Mexico and the Caribbean is leading traffickers to seek refuge in Central America, posing a potentially destabilizing threat to the region.

February 25, 2010: Is Chávez running scared?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It happened in Cancún where 32 Latin American and Caribbean countries were meeting. At a private lunch, the group witnessed an unseemly encounter between Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chávez. Speaking off the record as is customary in these gatherings, Uribe called on Chávez to end Venezuela's hindrance of trade relations with Colombia.

February 25, 2010: Head of Mexican Banking Association Sees Rebound in Loan Growth
By Matthew Schewel
The head of Mexico's banking association said Wednesday he expects loan growth to top 10 percent this year as the country pulls out of its worst recession in over a decade. Mortgages and loans to small businesses are poised to grow more than 15 and 20 percent respectively.

February 24, 2010: Confronting the Nexus between Drugs and Insurgency in Colombia: A Conversation with Three Journalists
By Alex Bowley
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation about the challenges facing Colombia that focused on the nexus between the FARC insurgency and the country's continual fight against the drug problem. The session took place on Wednesday, February 24th, from 8:30 to 10:00 am at the Inter-American Dialogue.

February 23, 2010: Should Insulza Have Another Term as OAS Secretary General?
By Peter Hakim, Diego Arria, Luiz Felipe Lampreia, Carl Meacham, John F. Maisto
A Feb. 10 editorial in The Washington Post blasted the Organization of American States, saying it is failing in its stated objective to "consolidate and promote representative democracy." The newspaper also said Secretary General José Miguel Insulza, who is up for re-election next month, has been 'the embodiment of this dysfunction' by pressing to lift Cuba's ban from the organization and by refusing to intervene when Venezuela's Hugo Chávez stripped opponents of their power and launched criminal investigations against them. Do you agree? Should Insulza be elected to another term as OAS secretary general? Will he be challenged for re-election?

February 22, 2010: El Próspero Brasil: las opciones que se le presentan (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Cuadernos de la Fundacion M.Botin
Brasil está emergente de ser un país de importancia regional a uno de significancia global. Tendrá que tomar decisiones importantes en los años que vienen.

February 19, 2010: Marijuana Policy: Issues, Choices and Consequences
By Daphne Morrison
Reuter and Room spoke at the Inter-American Dialogue on February 19th. Dialogue president Peter Hakim moderated the session entitled, Marijuana Policy: Issues, Choices and Consequences.

February 18, 2010: El presidente Barack Obama sólo se quedó en el discurso
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Buenos Aires Económico
Relegada en la agenda de los EEUU., el vínculo entre Washington y América latina se deterioró durante la gestión Obama.

February 18, 2010: Protecting Latin America’s Poor During Economic Crises (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
History tells us that economic crises cause large increases in poverty and slow down or reverse progress in key social indicators. Even when governments try to protect the poor, they often lack the institutional capacity to do so quickly and effectively. The brief describes how past economic crises have affected poverty, education and health in Latin America, and suggests a pro-poor policy response in three areas: the macroeconomic policy mix, the composition of fiscal adjustments and social safety nets. It is the second in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

February 18, 2010: ¿Cómo se puede proteger a la población pobre durante las crisis económicas? Lecciones del pasado. (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
La crisis económica global que comenzó a finales de 2007 ha tenido su repercusión en América Latina. La síntesis ilustra cómo las crisis económicas han afectado la pobreza, la educación y la salud. Aún cuando los gobiernos quisieran proteger a los pobres del impacto de las medidas de austeridad, a menudo carecen de la capacidad institucional para hacerlo de manera rápida y efectiva. En conclusión, se presenta una serie de recomendaciones para que los gobiernos protejan a la población pobre durante los periodos de crisis económica. Es la segunda dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocando en temas claves para la agenda social de la región.

February 17, 2010: En Washington domina la desconfianza
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación
Transcurrido más de un año desde la salida del republicano George W. Bush y el arribo del demócrata Barack Obama a la Casa Blanca, la Argentina sigue lejos de restablecer vínculos de confianza con Estados Unidos, una carencia que responde a la "incertidumbre" y a los "conflictos institucionales" que se observan en el país. Así lo afirmó ayer Michael Shifter, flamante presidente del Interamerican Dialogue, el centro de estudios más importante sobre la región en Washington.

February 17, 2010: Chavez opposition sees opportunity
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN
Heated protests and counterprotests between Hugo Chavez's detractors and supporters can be a problem in itself, Michael Shifter, vice president of the Inter-American Dialogue, told CNN's Christiane Amanpour in an interview on her show on February 17.

February 15, 2010: PREAL 2009 Program Highlights (PDF)
By PREAL
A summary overview of PREAL's work in 2009.

February 15, 2010: Haitian Recovery: What's Next?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: The Kojo Nnamdi Show
It's been four weeks since a devastating earthquake hit Haiti. Even as the humanitarian response continues, officials in Port au Prince and capitals across the world are confronting complex long-term challenges. NPR's Kojo Nnamdi interviews Manuel Orozco about what's next for relief and reconstruction efforts.

February 14, 2010: Las señales mezcladas de Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Es comprensible que los colombianos estén perplejos con dos mensajes recientes que han llegado del gobierno de Obama, que ahora empieza su segundo año. El primero tiene que ver con el Tratado de Libre Comercio que está pendiente, y el segundo es el estatus del paquete de ayudas para Colombia, frecuentemente llamado Plan Colombia.

February 12, 2010: Una respuesta al Editorial del Washington Post sobre la OEA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Nadie dice que el primer mandato de Insulza como Secretario General haya sido todo un éxito, pero no es el único culpable de los decepcionantes resultados de la OEA. En los últimos diez años, la política cada vez más polarizada de América Latina ha frustrado la cooperación regional sobre la democracia y virtualmente en cualquier otro tema, además de alimentar el hundimiento de las relaciones EE.UU.- América Latina.

February 12, 2010: The Washington Post and the OAS Secretary-General
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
The Post editorial on the Organization of American States (OAS) echoes a widespread disappointment and frustration with the organization’s inability to do a better job in carrying out its mandate to advance and defend democracy in the hemisphere. There is no question that the OAS needs to be reformed, but the changes need to emerge from accurate analysis of the problems confronting both Latin America and the OAS—which the editorial fails to offer.

February 12, 2010: Michael Shifter on Voice of America, 2-12-2010
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Voice of America
Michael Shifter appeared on Voice of America (Spanish) to talk about Costa Rica's presidential elections, as well as other electoral developments in Latin America.

February 12, 2010: Sopa de letras
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República
Latinoamérica, por su lado, aparece pasmada e impotente frente a la dimensión del negocio de la droga y, especialmente, frente a su mortífera capacidad de fuego.

February 11, 2010: Haitian Money Trail
By Dan Erikson
Since 1990, billions have been poured into Haiti, with little to show for it. Anderson Cooper talks to analyst Dan Erikson.

February 4, 2010: The Politics of Disaster Relief: China, Taiwan and the Haitian Earthquake (PDF)
By Daniel Erikson
Source: China Brief, Vol. 10, Issue 3, February 4, 2010
After a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Haiti on January 12, the aftershock reached China in ways that few observers could have anticipated.

February 3, 2010: Region's Economic Outlook Depends Increasingly on China, Brazil
By Dialogue staff
Latin America and the Caribbean—a region made up of more than 20 nations—increasingly finds its economic outlook tied to the fate of two countries, Brazil and China, Wall Street analysts told an audience at the Inter-American Dialogue Wednesday.

February 1, 2010: Obama and Latin America: New Beginnings, Old Frictions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Signs of frustration are unmistakable in Washington and in many Latin American capitals, despite Obama’s immense personal appeal and the continued promise of a more productive partnership.

February 1, 2010: Obama y América Latina: Nuevos Comienzos, Viejas Fricciones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Política Colombiana

January 29, 2010: La comezón del primer año
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República
La política de EE.UU. hacia America Latina sigue siendo esencialmente la misma. Acaso con una diferencia importante, que es la de abrir un mayor juego al multilateralismo y a que los propios países de la región tienen responsabilidades que asumir

January 29, 2010: New bipartisanship over Haiti is promising
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Des Moines Register
The devastating earthquake that struck Haiti Jan. 12 also provoked one of America's most remarkable political reunions in recent memory. Five days later, President Barack Obama stood on the White House lawn flanked by former U.S. Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton who together pledged to help rebuild Haiti. Bush captured the spirit of the moment, telling reporters that, "Now's not the time to focus on politics. It's time to focus on helping people."

January 29, 2010: International community, Haitians must work together
By Peter D. Bell
Source: Des Moines Register
The worldwide outpouring of support for Haitians from governments and ordinary citizens has been extraordinary. Rescue teams saving people pinned under collapsed buildings and medical teams performing surgery without basic supplies have been spellbinding. But this heroic phase of the emergency response is drawing to a close.

January 28, 2010: New faces, new policies in region (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is swirling everywhere. Such are the ways of democracies, especially when oppositions come alive and defeat or threaten incumbents.

January 28, 2010: In Profile: Brazil's New Ambassador to the U.S.
By Matthew Schewel
In Profile: Mauro Vieira: Brazil's New Ambassador to the United States

January 26, 2010: Un año crucial para Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Por estos días, todos en Washington tienen algún consejo para el Presidente Obama. Habiendo completado un año de su presidencia y después de una sorprendente derrota de su Partido Demócrata en las elecciones de Massachusetts para el Senado, Obama se enfrenta a un año desafiante. Encuestas muestran que Obama goza de popularidad personal, pero sus políticas reciben calificaciones más inferiores.

January 26, 2010: No "chavizar" la política exterior
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: La Tercera
Nada le convendría más a Chávez que, en el momento en que la atención internacional está puesta en Piñera, tener con él una confrontación en su estilo que no reconoce maneras. Sería lamentable para Chile entablar una pelea menor con un gobernante que no goza de prestigio alguno.

January 25, 2010: Haiti Primer on the Kojo Nnamdi Show
By Dan Erikson
Dan Erikson, senior associate for US policy at the Inter-American Dialogue, joined Rene Aubourg, assitant professor of public administration at American University, and Joel Dreyfus, managing editor at TheRoot.com, to give a Haiti primer on the Kojo Nnamdi Show on WAMU 88.5 FM.

January 25, 2010: In Rebuilding Haiti, Improving Education Must Be a Priority
By Jeffrey Puryear
The severity of the earthquake's impact on the Haitian people is due in large part to the country's poverty and its weak government. Countries that are poor, and poorly educated, seldom have the human resources and institutions that can plan for emergencies and respond quickly and effectively when they occur.

January 22, 2010: A Conversation with the US Ambassadors to the Andean Region
By Pamina Smith
The Inter-American Dialogue and the Brookings Institution hosted a discussion with the U.S. ambassadors who currently serve in the Andean Region.

January 22, 2010: The Future of Guantánamo Bay, Cuba
By Paul Wander
This session examined the role of the Guantánamo Base in U.S.-Cuban relations, assess the impact of the detention facility on the U.S. image in the world, and explore the future of the Base as the Obama Administration seeks to close the detention center.

January 21, 2010: First Meeting of the Working Group on Democratic Governance
By Daphne Morrison
The Working Group on Democratic Governance—jointly sponsored by the Inter-American Dialogue, the Organization of American States and International IDEA—met for the first time at the Dialogue in Washington on January 21, 2010. Participants included leading policy analysts from a dozen countries of Latin America, and from the United States and Spain. Discussions were led by José Miguel Insulza and Genaro Arriagada.

January 20, 2010: A Disappointing First Year: Obama and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOREIGN AFFAIRS LATINOAMÉRICA
Inter-American relations have taken a disappointing course for the Obama Administration. The US has suffered several political setbacks in the region since the Trinidad Summit and little progress has been made on most of the “legacy” issues that Obama inherited from Bush and other predecessors.

January 20, 2010: Un decepcionante primer año: Obama y Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOREIGN AFFAIRS LATINOAMÉRICA
Barack Obama generó un cambio palpable en el ambiente de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Latinoamérica durante la 5ª Cumbre de las Américas de 2009. Sin embargo, las relaciones interamericanas desde entonces han tomado un curso decepcionante. Estados Unidos ha pasado por varios contratiempos políticos en la región y se ha hecho poco progreso en la mayoría de los temas del “legado” que Obama heredó de George W. Bush y de otros predecesores.

January 20, 2010: A Discussion with Hugo Llorens, US Ambassador to Honduras
By Daphne Morrison
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation with Hugo Llorens, the U.S. ambassador to Honduras, on January 20, 2010.

January 20, 2010: A Conversation on the Chilean Elections
By Matthew Schewel
Sebastian Pinera will be Chile's first right-leaning president since its return to democracy in 1990, but the billionaire businessman is not likely to change the economic policies of his center-left predecessors, except for a few "minor adjustments."

January 18, 2010: Las repercusiones del terremoto sobre las remesas
By Manuel Orozco
Source: América Economía
De la misma manera que las rutas de comunicación para la entrega de víveres son esenciales, las rutas de pago garantizarán el equilibrio financiero y económico de Haití durante su recuperación.

January 16, 2010: Más allá de rótulos ideológicos en Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Con las elecciones chilenas hoy, y la posible victoria de Sebastián Piñera, no sorprende que algunos medios internacionales y analistas se refieran a un potencial viraje de Latinoamérica hacia la derecha. Esto marcaría una inversión de lo que muchos llamaron "una movida a la izquierda" en la región hace tan solo unos años.

January 15, 2010: Vulnerabilidad y remesas en el sector rural Mexicano (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Análisis de la Encuesta sobre Vulnerabilidad de las familias rurales realizada por la Asociación Mexicana de Uniones de Crédito del Sector Social A.C. en el 2008

January 14, 2010: Haiti's faint signs of progress take a vicious blow
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: CNN
Haitians have long been accustomed to the metaphorical earthquakes that have rippled through their proud but troubled country, but now, a literal earthquake, measuring magnitude 7.0 on the Richter scale, has laid waste to the largest population center, the teeming, vibrant and chaotic capital of Port-au-Prince.

January 14, 2010: The Ghosts of Port-au-Prince
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Foreign Policy
Given the torrent of maladies that Haiti has suffered in recent years, it is tempting to conclude that the country lies beyond the edge of hope. Even before a massive earthquake transformed much of the capital city of Port-au-Prince into rubble, Haitians were already bound together by the shared trauma of collective memory.

January 13, 2010: ¿Puede resolver España el problema de Cuba? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Política Exterior Nº133 - Enero / Febero 2010
Ha llegado la hora de sustituir la Posición Común sobre Cuba por un planteamiento que se adapte mejor a los diversos intereses y ventajas de los países europeos. ¿En qué medida puede España promover la democratización de la isla y su integración internacional?

January 13, 2010: Can Spain Solve the Cuba Problem?
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Política Exterior Nº133 - Enero / Febero 2010
There will be no shortage of challenges facing Spain when the country assumes the presidency of the European Union on January 1, 2010. Indeed, the lingering aftershocks of the global financial crisis, the evolution of the EU’s political architecture, and a full spectrum of foreign policy challenges ranging from the reconstruction of Afghanistan to the rise of China will be awaiting the attention of Spanish officials. Thus, it is striking that Spain has signaled that it will pursue the recalibration of European foreign policy towards the island nation of Cuba as one of its top priorities during its six month presidency. Indeed, while other European countries have intermittently focused on Cuba during their presidencies, few have identified it as a high priority and fewer still have been willing to expend significant political capital on revamping the 1996 “Common Position” on Cuba in the direction of greater engagement.

January 13, 2010: Earthquake Exposes Haiti's Silent Crisis
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Sphere
The brutal earthquake that struck Haiti this week has unmasked the silent crisis of desperation and poverty that already enveloped the vast majority of the country's population.

January 7, 2010: El difícil año de Obama en América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
2009 no fue un buen año para las relaciones Estados Unidos-América Latina. La agenda de Obama para 2010 ante América Latina tampoco será fácil.

January 7, 2010: The Obama Administration: A Difficult Year in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
2009 has not been a good year for U.S.-Latin America relations. Obama’s Latin American agenda will not be any easier in 2010.

January 5, 2010: VIDEO: The Financial Crisis and Latin America: A Conversation With Augusto de la Torre
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
The Dialogue sat down with Augusto de la Torre, Chief Economist for Latin America and the Caribbean at the World Bank, to take stock of the financial crisis which rocked the global economy in 2008 and 2009, and to consider what prospects for recovery lie ahead. The Dialogue's president, Peter Hakim, also comments.

January 5, 2010: La doctrina Chavezjad: Entre el mito y la especulación
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
Venezuela e Irán unen sus fuerzas y recursos para disminuir la influencia de Estados Unidos ¿Hasta dónde será posible conseguir ese objetivo? Existen muchas dudas sobre el verdadero alcance de esta polémica alianza. Michael Shifter, el nuevo presidente del Inter-American Dialogue en Washington, analiza esta relación.

January 4, 2010: Dos retos paralelos de Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: AmericaEconomia
Ha llegado el momento de restablecer la gobernabilidad democrática y demostrar la disposición de defender la democracia en otras naciones del hemisferio.

January 4, 2010: The Twin Challenges of Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: AmericaEconomia
The time has come to disentangle the two objectives of international intervention in Honduras—(1) restoring normal, democratic governance to the country, and (2) demonstrating a readiness to defend democracy in other hemispheric ations—and pursue them on separate tracks.

January 4, 2010: Lula podría convertirse en el agente clave del cambio climático en 2010
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
De todos los acontecimientos dignos de mención que podrían desarrollarse en la escena energética de América Latina en 2010, el más interesante será la posible transformación de presidente de Brasil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, en el agente clave en el mundo sobre el tema climático durante su último año de gobierno.

January 4, 2010: Lula could become key climate change broker in 2010
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Of all the noteworthy developments that could unfold upon the Latin American energy scene in 2010, the most interesting will be the potential transformation of Brazil´s president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, into the world´s key climate broker during his final year in office.

January 4, 2010: FDI in the Region Will Recover This Year After Sliding in 2009
By Alicia Bárcena
Foreign direct investment (FDI) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) was expected to fall considerably in 2009 as a consequence of the global economic crisis.

January 1, 2010: Twelve Myths in the Fight Against Drug-trafficking
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Nexos
Mexico has not seen violence levels with such political and social impact since the Revolution of 1910. The intricacy to understand public information and results related to the fight against drug-trafficking and organized crime implemented by the Mexican Government, has resulted in the emergence of a series of myths and fallacies surrounding the violence derived from the so-called “war against drug-trafficking.”

December 30, 2009: Após expectativa inicial, Obama termina o ano distante da America Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: ANSA
Para Michael Shifter, do Diálogo Interamericano, o esfriamento na relação se deve em parte à defesa de pontos de vista diferentes em temas considerados cruciais, como o acordo firmado por EUA e Colômbia e a crise em Honduras.

December 29, 2009: Misunderstanding the Problem
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New Republic
Michael Shifter responds to Jorge Castañeda’s article in The New Republic ("Adios, Monroe Doctrine," December 28, 2009).

December 28, 2009: VIDEO: A Conversation With Peter Hakim
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
As 2009 comes to a close, the Dialogue sat down with Peter Hakim to review the significant events of the year and forecast challenges that might lay ahead. This is the interview with Peter Hakim in its entirety.

December 28, 2009: VIDEO: Year In Review: 2009
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
As 2009 comes to a close, the Dialogue sat down with staff, including Peter Hakim, Michael Shifter, Dan Erikson, Jeff Puryear, and visiting fellow Aurea Molto, to review the significant events of the year and forecast challenges that might lay ahead.

December 26, 2009: Obama y América Latina: un año
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
For the Obama administration, the promising Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago was followed by some unexpected distractions that sidetracked US policy towards the region.

December 26, 2009: Não vai haver convergência Brasil-EUA
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Folha
Discordâncias como as sobre Irã e Honduras são comuns, mas é preciso saber superá-las, diz novo presidente do Diálogo Interamericano. Washington e Brasília devem saber lidar com diferenças de opinião e se concentrar na cooperação, afirma Michael Shifter.

December 24, 2009: What Issues Will Drive U.S.-Latin American Relations Next Year?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to a Gallup Poll conducted last summer, Latin Americans' perceptions of U.S. leadership improved dramatically this year as President Barack Obama took office. Despite general public goodwill, however, the Obama administration has faced sharp criticism over the handling of the coup in Honduras and a military agreement between the United States and Colombia that alienated some countries in South America. What issues will drive U.S.-Latin American relations in the coming year? Where should the Obama administration focus its efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean?

December 24, 2009: What Issues Will Drive U.S.-Latin American Relations Next Year?
By Arturo Valenzuela, Peter Hakim, Andrés Rozental and Roger Noriega
According to a Gallup Poll conducted last summer, Latin Americans' perceptions of U.S. leadership improved dramatically this year as President Barack Obama took office. Despite general public goodwill, however, the Obama administration has faced sharp criticism over the handling of the coup in Honduras and a military agreement between the United States and Colombia that alienated some countries in South America. What issues will drive U.S.-Latin American relations in the coming year?

December 23, 2009: Un golpe mortal a la democracia
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Nicaragua se acerca al precipicio. En 2006, Daniel Ortega se vistió de oveja para llevar a cabo su campaña, pero sacó su lobo interior una vez que llegó el poder. Se sumó al ALBA, la alianza de autócratas fundada por Venezuela, viajó a Irán, Cuba, Libia, y trató al entonces embajador de Estados Unidos como a un punching bag. La maquinaria sandinista de clientelismo, corrupción y tácticas represivas resucitó con toda su fuerza.

December 23, 2009: Latin America's Economic Growth Will Rebound in 2010
By Shelly Shetty
Latin America has withstood the stress test of the global economic and financial crisis relatively well. The region entered the period of the global financial crisis in relatively good health with record-high international reserves, manageable external account imbalances, modest government debt burdens and comparatively healthy financial systems that were not exposed to "toxic" assets or highly dependent on external funding.

December 18, 2009: Cuba and New Technologies
By Daphne Morrison
A discussion on Cuba and new technologies was led by Ted Henken, assistant professor at Baruch College (CUNY) and author of Cuba: A Global Studies Handbook, and Carlos Lauria, Americas program coordinator at the Committee to Protect Journalists and author of a recent report on bloggers in Cuba, at a Dialogue event on December 18, 2009. Uva de Aragón, of the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University, moderated the panel with Dan Erikson.

December 17, 2009: Dealing democracy a death blow
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Miami Herald
Nicaragua is nearing the brink. In 2006 Daniel Ortega campaigned in sheep's clothing but freed his inner wolf once inaugurated. He joined ALBA, Venezuela's alliance of autocrats, traveled to Iran, Cuba, Libya and Algeria and used then-U.S. Ambassador Paul Trivelli as a punching bag. The Sandinista machinery of clientelism, corruption and strong-arm tactics is back in full force.

December 16, 2009: Obama: De Candidato a Presidente
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
El caso de Obama ha demostrado una vez más que no es lo mismo ser candidato que presidente en ejercicio. Sin embargo, Michael Shifter plantea que, a modo de balance de su primer año como Presidente, corresponde un análisis matizado que comprenda logros innegables pero también dificultades y expectativas no satisfechas.

December 16, 2009: China in the Caribbean: The New Big Brother (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: China Brief, Vol. 9, Issue: 25
At first glance, China and the Caribbean would appear to have few interests in common. China, with a population of over 1.3 billion, has undertaken an impressive economic expansion that has earned it renewed recognition as a global power. The sovereign states of the English-speaking Caribbean consist of small, micro-states with sluggish levels of economic growth. While China has been both a primary driver and beneficiary of world economic growth, the Caribbean has, for the most part, been a reactor to it. It is this difference that makes China an alluring, yet potentially dangerous economic partner.

December 15, 2009: ¿ESTÁ RESUELTA LA SEGUNDA VUELTA?
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: CIPER (Chile)
Frente a la encrucijada inédita que plantea la segunda vuelta de esta quinta elección presidencial desde la recuperación de la democracia, el cientista político Genaro Arriagada, también Senior Fellow en el Diálogo Interamericano, analiza los resultados del domingo pasado y hace una radiografía de los desafíos que ellos plantean para ambos candidatos.

December 14, 2009: Honduras é só um da série de ruídos entre governos Lula e Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: Agência Estado (Brasil)
Apesar das divergências que se acumularam nos últimos meses, os analistas consultados pela Agência Estado não acreditam em um clima de tensão bilateral, nem em qualquer possibilidade de rupturas à vista. Interview by Gabriel Bueno da Costa

December 11, 2009: Former Head of Brazil's Oil Regulator Criticizes Pre-Salt Reforms
By Matthew Schewel
The Brazilian government's plan to overhaul oil development rules for the country's vast offshore reserves is largely unnecessary and could end up making the country's state oil company less efficient, the former head of Brazil's oil regulatory agency said Tuesday.

December 10, 2009: Healing time for Honduras
By Michael C. Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
After a miserable year, Honduras needs a period of stability to allow its economy and public services to operate.

December 10, 2009: El futuro de Centro América: Entre la incertidumbre, el caos o el porvenir
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Aunque la crisis actual que impera en Centro América refleja preocupación sobre su capacidad de resolver sus retos presentes, la realidad que se acerca en el futuro refleja también retos de incertidumbre y debilidad que requieren atención.

December 10, 2009: A Conversation with Fernando Henrique Cardoso
By Matthew Schewel
The event explored the evolution of US-Latin American relations in the first year of the Obama administration; the growing influence of Brazil in hemispheric politics; and the tense political dynamics of much of Latin America at the start of a new electoral cycle.

December 9, 2009: Argentina: A New Chapter in a Long-Running Debt Saga
By Claudio Loser
While readers may think I deal too often with Argentina, the truth is that the country keeps creeping into the international financial news.

December 9, 2009: Congressional Working Group Meets to Discuss Drug Policy in the Americas
By Daphne Morrison
The Dialogue’s Congressional Members Working Group convened on December 9 for a dinner discussion on drug policy in the Americas, hosted by Representative Gregory Meeks (D-NY). Representatives Jared Polis (D-CO), Jean Schmidt (R-OH) and Eliot Engel (D-NY) were joined by former Swiss President Ruth Dreifuss, former Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Colombian Ambassador to the White House Carolina Barco, Mexican Ambassador to the White House Arturo Sarukhan, and Corporación Andina de Fomento President Enrique Garcia, among other participants.

December 8, 2009: O peso pesado e seu contrapeso.
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
Em vez de continuarem como concorrentes, Brasil e EUA têm mais a ganhar se encontrarem formas de cooperar na América Latina.

December 8, 2009: Brazil: Latin America’s Heavyweight and the U.S.’s Counterweight.
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
In the coming period, the U.S. may well defer more and more to Brazilian leadership in Latin America—and Brazil’s influence is almost sure to increase across the region. But rather than remaining as competitors or counterweights to each other, both Brazil and the U.S. have more to gain by finding ways to cooperate.

December 3, 2009: That other Cuban community
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Along the Jersey side on the Hudson River, New York City stands vibrant if now forever scarred. Between 1892 and 1954, 12 million immigrants entered the United States through Ellis Island, where a must-see museum renders tribute to their hopes and the country that blessed them.

December 1, 2009: O desafio das drogas
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

December 1, 2009: La influencia de Chávez es limitada
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Vanguardia
Ecuador's Vanguardia magazine talks to Michael Shifter about Venezuela and Brazil's foreign policy.

December 1, 2009: ¿Cuánto están aprendiendo los niños en América Latina? Datos destacados del Segundo Estudio Regional Comparativo y Explicativo (SERCE) (PDF)
By PREAL (Alejandro Ganimian)
El documento resume los resultados principales del SERCE, el estudio de UNESCO que evaluó el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes en el tercer y sexto grados en matemáticas, lectura y ciencias en 16 países de América Latina. Compara los países participantes en términos del rendimiento promedio; estudiantes con alto y bajo rendimiento; y diferencias en su rendimiento por sexo, zona de residencia, y PIB per capita.

November 30, 2009: EEUU presionará al nuevo presidente para lograr un acuerdo
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
In a brief interview with Chilean newspaper La Tercera, Michael Shifter discusses the aftermath of the elections in Honduras.

November 29, 2009: Brasil deveria deixar princípios de lado e apoiar eleição em Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: R7 Noticias
Para Peter Hakim, o Brasil de Lula joga por Zelaya e não pensa em sua imagem. (Interviewed by R7 Noticias).

November 29, 2009: ¿Lucha por el poder o por la democracia?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
La élite política opositora a Daniel Ortega ha postulado que hay tres condiciones para contener el expansionismo antidemocrático: reducir el abuso de recursos financieros que el régimen utiliza arbitrariamente, fortalecer una unidad pro-democrática en Nicaragua y separar a Arnoldo Alemán de su matrimonio con Ortega. Esta posición política, aunque atractiva para la élite,contiene los elementos de la derrota contra un régimen que posee ingredientes del incesto político nicaragüense.

November 29, 2009: Outro Castro, Mesma Cuba
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de Sao Paulo
Um dos maiores mistérios envolvendo Raúl Castro quando assumiu o poder em Cuba, em fevereiro de 2008, era se ele seguiria a política de supressão das liberdades civis e políticas na ilha defendida por seu irmão Fidel. Nas últimas semanas, o já péssimo histórico de Cuba no campo dos direitos humanos piorou com a avalanche de noticias negativas sobre o espancamento de blogueiros e prisioneiros políticos, ameaçando destruir qualquer esperança de uma normalização das relações entre Cuba e Estados Unidos. Claro que esse pode ser exatamente o resultado que os irmãos Castro pretendem, mas não há dúvida de que a atual situação no país está cada vez mais volátil.

November 25, 2009: Brasil deve equilibrar estratégia
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Globo
Peter Hakim, presidente do Inter-American Dialogue, acha que o preço que o Brasil paga por emergir como líder mundial de peso é equilibrar suas declarações diante dos fatos diplomáticos mais significativos, o que, segundo ele, o Itamaraty e o Planalto ainda não conseguiram fazer.

November 24, 2009: EVENT: A discussion on UNASUR
By Daphne Morrison
The Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) received significant attention for its role earlier this year in mediating Bolivia’s political crisis, and more recently for heated meetings about the U.S.-Colombian base agreement. But it has also garnered negative press for its putative inaction.

November 24, 2009: Jugando con fuego
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las tensiones y desconfianzas entre Colombia y Venezuela rara vez han sido más grandes, haciendo remotas las perspectivas para restaurar una funcional relación bilateral.

November 24, 2009: Peru's Garcia Belaunde: Chile Spy Case a Bilateral, Not Regional, Issue
By Matthew Schewel
The Peruvian government does not plan to use Friday's meeting of the Union of South American Nations, or Unasur, as a forum to address a recent spy scandal that has elevated tensions with neighboring Chile, Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Garcia Belaunde said Monday

November 24, 2009: Nicaraguan Opposition Leaders Call for Unity Against Ortega
By Matthew Schewel
Leaders of Nicaragua's opposition on Tuesday called for a united front against President Daniel Ortega's brand of 21st century socialism and his drive to seek a third term in office.

November 21, 2009: El Hombre de Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Arturo Valenzuela está asumiendo el cargo más alto de política exterior hacia América Latina, en un momento difícil para las relaciones de EE.UU. en el hemisferio. Aunque su conocimiento de América Latina es inigualable, se enfrenta a una agenda difícil.

November 21, 2009: Obama's Man in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Arturo Valenzuela is taking over the top Latin American policy job at a rough time for U.S. relations in the hemisphere. While President Obama retains the respect and good will of most governments in the region, the Administration’s hemispheric policies have disappointed many in Latin America and in Washington. His unmatched knowledge of Latin America and ample government experience, notwithstanding, Valenzuela faces a tough agenda.

November 18, 2009: Reforma politica va a ser beneficiosa para la democracia argentina
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Patagónico
El presidente del think tank (grupo de pensamiento) Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, sostuvo que la reforma política que hoy está siendo debatida en la cámara Baja, "va a ser beneficiosa para la democracia argentina" y sugirió que sería "mejor si los legisladores pudieran encontrar la manera de no perder esta oportunidad de reflexionar, de discutir y debatir el sistema político y hacer cambios".

November 17, 2009: Study: Latin America Weathered Economic Crisis Well
By Matthew Schewel
While most countries in Latin America have seen reduced economic growth in 2009 as a result of the global economic slowdown, the region has largely escaped the major damage to its financial systems that defined previous crises, according to a new study published by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.

November 13, 2009: Is the Region Coming Out of the Crisis, and If So, How Well?
By Claudio Loser
A year ago, we were struggling with the impact of the worst global financial crisis in recent memory, at least in mine. This year, the world will have registered its first decline in output since the middle of last century.

November 13, 2009: Peru Gov't and Indigenous Group Still Disagree on Bagua Clash
By Matthew Schewel
More than five months after a deadly clash between police and indigenous protesters in the Peruvian Amazon killed at least 34 people, leading the government to roll back efforts to open up the region for oil and gas development and other extractive industries, a Peruvian indigenous leader said native communities are still searching for answers.

November 11, 2009: A Conversation with Rafael Pardo, Colombian Presidential Candidate
By Matthew Schewel
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast session on Colombia’s evolving relationship with the United States and its Andean neighbors. The discussion featured Rafael Pardo, the Liberal Party candidate for president in Colombia’s May 2010 elections

November 10, 2009: Calm Down, Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter looks at the root causes of the current conflict between Colombia and Venezuela.

November 9, 2009: Developments in Trade Policy Toward the Americas
By Chris Moore
The Inter-American Dialogue’s Trade Policy Group met to discuss new developments in U.S. trade policy toward the Americas. Conversation focused on the pending free trade agreements (FTA) with Colombia and Panama, as well as trade preferences for Andean Trade Promotion (ATP) and Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) countries. Participants also examined prospects for movement on the Doha round of trade negotiations and for U.S-Brazil cooperation in those proceedings.

November 6, 2009: How Has the Honduran Crisis Affected the U.S. Role in the Region?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
Whether or not it resolves the Honduran crisis, last week's agreement between deposed President Manuel Zelaya and de facto leader Roberto Micheletti was a victory for moderation and reason in a situation heretofore notably lacking these characteristics.

November 6, 2009: Cambió el alma de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Viente años después de la caída del Muro de Berlín, Michael Shifter examina relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y América Latina en el periodo post Guerra Fría.

November 5, 2009: Anything can still happen
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
Anyone familiar with the Honduras crisis can be forgiven for being skeptical about the viability of last week's agreement to end the four-month deadlock between opposing political forces in that shaken Central American nation.

November 5, 2009: Dead End?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The Obama administration may be going down a dead end. In an Oct. 13 meeting with Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Obama said: ``Tell Raúl that if he doesn't take steps, I won't be able to go further.'' A few days later the Spanish foreign minister met with Raúl Castro. We don't know if he delivered the message.

November 4, 2009: VIDEO: Congress to Re-examine Drug Policy at Home and Abroad
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
The Inter-American Dialogue produced a video on a recent hearing of the House Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere entitled, "Assessing U.S. Drug Policy in the Americas." Features one-on-one interviews with Subcommittee Chairman Eliot Engel (D-NY), former Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and Michael Shifter.

November 4, 2009: Canada Major Contributor on Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Embassy Magazine (Canada)
Canada has been one of the few countries that has been consistently and thoughtfully engaged in seeking a pragmatic solution to the crisis, which for the past several months, has denied Hondurans their democratic rights and been devastating to the economy of one of Latin America’s poorest nations.

November 3, 2009: Arms Build Up in Latin America: Is There Reason for Concern?
By Karinna Berrospi
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted an event on the situation of arms purchases in Latin America, with a special focus on the situations in Venezuela and Colombia. The featured speaker was Román Ortiz, Information and Analysis Director for the Colombian security consultancy Grupo Triarius, and a commentary was offered by Adam Isacson, a specialist on security issues in Latin America.

November 3, 2009: EVENT: Social Agenda for Democracy in Latin America
By Sarah Farnan
Latin America has made great strides toward democracy over the past 20 years, but a great deal still needs to be done in order to lift large groups out of poverty and improve the region’s institutions, a group of former Latin American leaders said.

November 2, 2009: Argentina’s New Media Law: What Does It Mean?
By Karinna Berrospi
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted an event on November 2, 2009 on Argentina's recently approved, controversial broadcast media law. The featured speaker was Horacio Verbitsky, one of Argentina's leading investigative journalists. José Miguel Vivanco, a Chilean human rights lawyer and executive director of Human Rights Watch-Americas, offered a commentary.

November 2, 2009: VIDEO: Michael Shifter Discusses Recent Developments in Honduras
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
Dialogue staff sat down with Michael Shifter, Vice President for Policy, to discuss recent developments in the Honduran crisis.

October 27, 2009: How Poor and Unequal is Latin America and the Caribbean? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
The brief draws on a rich array of sources to identify a set of basic facts about of poverty and inequality in Latin America. It describes the region’s extraordinary concentration of income at the top of the income scale, and its absence at the bottom—setting Latin America apart from every other region of the developing world. The brief concludes that, despite modest recent progress, Latin America remains far from finding an effective strategy for reducing poverty and inequality. It is the first in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

October 27, 2009: Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
La síntesis está sustentada en una amplia gama de información para aclarar lo que sabemos sobre la pobreza y la desigualdad en América Latina. Esta síntesis describe la extraordinaria concentración de ingreso en el sector de la población con mayor renta y su ausencia en el sector de la población más pobre – a diferencia de las demás regiones en desarrollo. La síntesis concluye que, a pesar del modesto progreso visto recientemente, América Latina no parece haber desarrollado una estrategia sólida para reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad. Ésta es la primera dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocada en temas claves para la agenda social de la región.

October 26, 2009: Sin pausa pero sin prisa
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Estados Unidos y Cuba están dando pequeños pasos para el acercamiento. Desde que el presidente Obama llamó a un "nuevo comienzo", su gobierno ha permitido el envío de remesas y viajes ilimitados por razones familiares, ha reanudado las conversaciones migratorias, ha propuesto que se establezca el servicio de correo directo y se manifestó a favor del concierto de Juanes. En los últimos diez meses, el Departamento de Estado ha otorgado 5.500 visas más a cubanos para que visiten Estados Unidos que las que concedió durante el mismo período del año anterior.

October 23, 2009: Lecciones para Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Honduras es una prueba crítica para la política exterior de Barack Obama en América Latina. Desafortunadamente, puede ser que repruebe. La postura del gobierno de enfatizar la cooperación multilateral y alinear las agendas de EE.UU. con las de los países de la región, ha sido bien recibida y podría llevar a una relación a largo plazo más productiva. Pero para que eso ocurra debe ser manejada en mejor forma que en el caso de Honduras .

October 23, 2009: Honduras and Multilateralism: Lessons for the Obama Administration
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Honduras is a critical test for President Obama’s Latin America policy. Unfortunately, he may end up with a failing grade. The Administration’s approach—emphasizing multilateral cooperation and seeking to align U.S. and Latin American agendas—has been welcomed by most Latin Americans, and could lead to a more productive long-term relationship with the region. But the policy needs to be more effectively managed than it has been Honduras.

October 22, 2009: Can we honor the fallen of both sides?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Sunday, The Miami Herald's ombudsman, Edward Schumacher-Matos, wrote about me. His thoughtful column gave due consideration to my personal story and the spy charges levied against me -- not by the U.S. government but by a small clique on the blogosphere. What saddens me is that the column had to be written.

October 22, 2009: Honduran Election Body: Voters to Decide Country's Fate
By Matthew Schewel
Honduran citizens, not the international community, will decide the country's future in the upcoming presidential election, members of Honduras' Supreme Electoral Tribunal said Thursday in Washington.

October 21, 2009: The Argentine Economy in the New Political and International Environment (PDF)
By Miguel Kiguel
Source: econviews
Powerpoint presented by Miguel Kiguel at a Dialogue event, "Argentina's Economy and its Prospect for Recovery and Sustained Growth," moderated by Edgardo Sternberg, on October 21, 2009.

October 21, 2009: Members of Congress Discuss the Honduran Crisis
By Sarah Farnan
Despite months of negotiations to resolve the political crisis in Honduras, President Manuel Zelaya, who was ousted and forcibly sent into exile in June of this year, has yet to be reinstated as the country's chief executive. During a meeting of the Inter-American Dialogue’s Congressional Members Working Group, U.S. lawmakers debated the Obama administration's response to the coup, which has proven a divisive issue in Congress. With the approach of Honduras' presidential elections set for November 29th, the U.S. has had to decide whether to recognize the results of that vote as legitimate.

October 21, 2009: Economic Stability in Argentina, a conversation with Miguel Kiguel and Edgardo Sternberg
By Amanda Gdula
This discussion featured Miguel Kiguel, one of Argentina’s most respected economists and the former deputy secretary of finance under President Carlos Menem. He was joined by Loomis Sayles’ Latin America strategist Edgardo Sternberg for a Dialogue meeting on October 21st, 2009.

October 20, 2009: A Conversation with Stephen McFarland, United States Ambassador to Guatemala
By Daphne Morrison
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a conversation with US Ambassador to Guatemala Stephen McFarland on Tuesday, October 20. The wide-ranging discussion touched on the political, economic, and security challenges confronting an increasingly troubled Guatemala.

October 18, 2009: "El chavismo es insostenible y genera su propia destrucción"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Universal
Shifter cree que la política de multilaterqalismo a aplicar hacia América latina por parte del presidente Obama tiene a Brasil como un actor de primera fila.

October 18, 2009: "El reto es manejar las diferencias sin agresiones"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Últimas Noticias
Durante su estado en Caracas, Michael Shifter fue entrevistado por el diario Últimas Noticias sobre temas diversos, incluyendo la política exterior de Barack Obama, relaciones con Venezuela, la política antidroga, y la existencia de pensamiento imperial en los Estados Unidos.

October 16, 2009: House Subcommittee Advances Legislation For Review of Drug Policy
By Matthew Schewel
A group of US lawmakers is calling for a re-examination of America's decades-old "war on drugs," which since 1980 has cost taxpayers at least $14 billion through anti-narcotics efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean

October 15, 2009: Interview with Dan Erikson
By WCSH6
Author Dan Erikson talks about his book, "The Cuba Wars," with Rob Caldwell on WCSH6 out of Portland, Maine.

October 14, 2009: Michael Shifter no ve amenaza
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano cree que Washington busca ser pragmático en su relación con Caracas.

October 14, 2009: Cuba's Brave New World (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs
Cuba is enjoying a wave of international engagement that was virtually inconceivable even a decade ago. In the last year, heads of state from more than twenty Latin American and Caribbean countries have visited Cuba, and many do so frequently. Indeed, a casual observer of Cuba's international relations could be forgiven for thinking that global perception and acceptance of the Cuban revolution are at an all time high. This diplomatic sea change is all the more striking given the fact that the Castro regime continues to resolutely resist the kind of democratic opening and economic reforms that much of the world has long encouraged.

October 13, 2009: Discussion on "Without Fidel: A Death Foretold"
By Paul Wander
The Dialogue hosted Ann Louise Bardach for a discussion on her recent book "Without Fidel: A Death Foretold in Miami, Havana, and Washington."

October 11, 2009: Obama y Honduras
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Michael Shifter looks at the political forces in the United States that are impacting the outcome of the continuing crisis in Honduras.

October 8, 2009: U.S. and Cuba inching toward each other
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The United States and Cuba are taking baby steps toward each other. Since President Obama called for a ``new beginning,'' his administration has allowed unlimited family travel and remittances, resumed migration talks, proposed direct-mail service and given its blessing to the concert by Colombian pop star Juanes. In the past 10 months, the State Department issued 5,500 more visas for Cubans to visit the United States than in the same period before October 2008.

October 7, 2009: Recomponer las relaciones España-EE UU
By Paul Isbell
Source: El País (Spain)
El próximo 13 de octubre, el presidente del Gobierno español, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, se reunirá en la Casa Blanca con el presidente Barack Obama para celebrar la primera reunión oficial entre ambos líderes. El objetivo del encuentro será el relanzamiento de las relaciones entre España y Estados Unidos, tensas desde que Zapatero anunciara la retirada de las tropas españolas de Irak en 2004.

October 5, 2009: The Road to Copenhagen: Progress and Challenges on Sustainable Development in Chico Mendes's Homeland
By Amanda Earley
As governments and environmental, scientific and business organizations prepare to launch the negotiations of a new global protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in December, in Copenhagen, the governor of the state of Acre, Binho Marques, presented an overview of achievements and challenges, including new paths for regional cooperation and integration with Peru and Bolivia, countries that share borders with Brazil in Acre.

October 4, 2009: Mão dupla no Estreito da Flórida (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Após décadas de hostilidade e desconfiança, os Estado Unidos e Cuba estão começando a trocar mensagens conciliatórias de que já é hora de desenvolver uma relação mais pragmática e baseada em interesses.

October 1, 2009: Remittances and Social Development: The Latin American Experience (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Financing Social Policy: Mobilizing Resources for Development
Manuel Orozco's chapter in Financing Social Policy, edited by Katja Hujo and Shea McClanahan, presents a direct and systematic discussion that leaves few questions regarding 'what the data say' about remittances and their potential use for social development in Latin America.

September 29, 2009: The Outlook for Regional Competitiveness in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Sarah Farnan
On Tuesday, September 29th, the Inter-American Dialogue co-sponsored a discussion on the Outlook for Regional Competitiveness in Latin America and the Caribbean at Georgetown University. The meeting focused on two key questions that countries of Latin America and the Caribbean must face: How are they to manage regional competitiveness during times of economic uncertainty? And what is the current economic outlook for the hemisphere?

September 28, 2009: Managing disarray: The search for a new consensus (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Which Way Latin America?: Hemispheric Politics Meets Globalization
In this book, some of the world’s leading Latin Americanists explore the ways in which the region has re-engaged globalization. Michael Shifter contributed this chapter, entitled "Managing disarray: The search for a new consensus," in which he discusses inter-American relations both past and present.

September 24, 2009: Colombia Hopes to Win US Hearts in Free Trade Debate
By Matthew Schewel
With a Colombia-US free trade agreement stalled in both houses of the US Congress over concerns about human rights and judicial reform in the South American country, the Colombian government is taking its case directly to the American public, mounting a large-scale public relations campaign that made a stop earlier this month in downtown Washington.

September 23, 2009: Manuel Zelaya hurts his own cause
By Michael Lisman
Source: guardian.co.uk
By refusing to compromise, Manuel Zelaya is undermining international efforts to resolve the crisis in Honduras.

September 22, 2009: Lección sobre fragilidad democrática
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Han transcurrido casi tres meses desde el golpe en Honduras. El plan Arias —diseñado por el presidente de Costa Rica, Oscar Arias— exige el regreso al gobierno del mandatario depuesto, Manuel Zelaya, aunque con poderes reducidos, así como una amnistía para los involucrados en los acontecimientos previos y posteriores al 28 de junio. Tanto hondureños como observadores extranjeros esgrimen poderosos argumentos legales para justificar la "sucesión presidencial" o la permanencia de Zelaya como el "legítimo presidente".

September 21, 2009: US-CUBA: Five Decades of an Admittedly Failed Policy
By Charles Davis
Source: Inter Press Service
In his review of Dan Erikson's "The Cuba Wars," Charles Davis of IPS explains how U.S. citizens of Cuban descent are once again free to travel to Cuba and send an unlimited amount of money to their relatives on the island, but for the most part U.S. policy toward the communist nation hasn't changed under President Barack Obama.

September 18, 2009: Are we facing an arms race in Latin America?
By Interview with Michael Shifter
The New Republic talks with Michael Shifter for the "TNR Q&A" about the possibility of an arms race in Latin America and the developing relationship between Venezuela and Iran.

September 18, 2009: Huella Yanqui
By Peter Hakim
Source: Caretas
Sostiene que las bases militares en Colombia no son gran cosa y critica al gobierno de Obama por no hablar con transparencia sobre este tema.

September 18, 2009: Ecuador’s Economic Development, Challenges, and Outlook
By Karinna Berrospi
The Dialogue held a breakfast conversation on Ecuador’s development and economic agenda featuring Nathalie Cely, Ecuador’s Minister of Coordination for Production, and Mauricio Pozo, Ecuador’s Ex-Minister of Finance. The discussion focused on the policies being pursued by the Rafael Correa administration and the country’s current economic outlook.

September 17, 2009: Mirando al futuro en Honduras, Encontrar una salida en el laberinto
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
El proceso político hondureño después del golpe ha entrado en otra etapa que afectará su futuro en el largo plazo ya no solamente en relación con una solución a la situación política actual. Las opciones de resolución son limitadas y la disposición de negociar también está estancada entre el ego de los líderes políticos y la falta de dirección y presión internacional.

September 16, 2009: Honduras and U.S. Foreign Policy
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter is the guest on WPRR Reality Radio's "Foreign Policy and You," where he discusses what has happened in Honduras and how the situation is likely to develop in the future.

September 16, 2009: A Discussion on the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) and Latin America's Social and Economic Challenges
By Chris Moore and Sarah Farnan
A discussion led by the Bank’s Executive Vice President, Dan Zelikow, who previously served as a senior official at J.P. Morgan and the US Treasury, and Center for Global Development President Nancy Birdsall, a former Bank Executive Vice President.

September 16, 2009: How Well is Obama Handling Latin American Issues?
By Peter Hakim
The Obama administration is on the right track in Latin America. With the notable exception of trade matters, the administration's policy statements and decisions have mostly been welcomed in Latin America, and the president himself is well regarded by the region's leaders and ordinary citizens

September 15, 2009: Europe’s Cuba Problem: The Limits of Constructive Engagement
By Daniel P. Erikson
In recent years, the European Union and the United States have attempted to paper over their deep policy and political differences regarding Cuba with the assertion that both Washington and Brussels share the same policy goal—a democratic transition in Cuba—and therefore the only disagreement is over whether that objective is best achieved through the engagement favored by Europe or the isolation promoted by the United States.

September 15, 2009: Closing Address at XIII Annual CAF Conference
By Secretary General José Miguel Insulza
The closing address by Secretary General of the Organization of American States José Miguel Insulza at the XIII Annual Andean Development Corporation (CAF) Conference on Trade in the Americas, jointly sponsored by CAF, the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States.

September 15, 2009: The Least Among Us
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Foreign Policy
Last Wednesday night, when South Carolina Rep. Joe Wilson shouted "You lie!" when U.S. President Barack Obama said that his health-care plan would not extend to undocumented immigrants, he revived a controversial political issue that, though always simmering in the background, has recently been overshadowed by debates over the state of the economy and Obama's response to the recession. One hopes that the president will use this ugly incident as one of his famous "teachable moments," for if any group has suffered disproportionately during this economic crisis, it's the millions of migrants who do tend to American laws, serve American food, and care for American children. And governments in their home countries and the United States must do more to protect them.

September 15, 2009: Fighting Corruption in the Americas: Is the Inter-American Convention Living Up To Its Potential?
By Karinna Berrospi
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a breakfast discussion on how the Inter-American Convention against Corruption is living up to its promise to strengthen governance and reduce corruption across the Americas. The session featured Transparency International advocates from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru.

September 14, 2009: Bênção e maldição de Kennedy (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Hoje, Obama tenta enfrentar uma ampla gama de problemas de importância crítica nos EUA, entre eles a economia cambaleante, as reformas no sistema de saúde e as guerras estrangeiras no Afeganistão e Iraque. Conforme o brilho da mística de Kennedy começa a mostrar seus limites, esperamos que a presidência de Obama se mostre mais duradoura e bem-sucedida para que ele seja capaz de criar a própria magia.

September 14, 2009: Political Ramifications of the Economic Crisis (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Américas Magazine
The longer and deeper the economic crisis, the greater the prospects of drastic, far-reaching political changes in Latin America and elsewhere. Unsettled, erratic politics are the inevitable consequences of plummeting economies, rising joblessness, declining middle class incomes, expanding poverty and destitution, and multiple cutbacks in public services--all of which are now forecast for the region. As in the past, government authorities will become targets of public anger and recrimination, and politics will likely become more polarized and combative.

September 14, 2009: Ramificaciones Políticas de la Crisis Económica (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Américas Magazine
Cuanto mas prolongada y profunda sea la crisis económica, mayores serán las perspectivas de cambios políticos drásticos y profundos en América Latina y el resto del mundo. La aplicación de políticas erráticas e indecisas es la consecuencia inevitable de la caída de las economías, el creciente desempleo, la disminución de los ingresos de la clase media, el aumento de la pobreza y los cortes en los servicios públicos, efectos que ahora se pronostican en la región. Como en el pasado, las autoridades se convertirán en el blanco de las críticas y recriminaciones del público, y las políticas probablemente resulten más polarizadas y combativas.

September 14, 2009: Mesa: US-Bolivia Relations Depend on New Partner to Fight Drugs
By Matthew Schewel
Repairing the fractured relationship between the United States and Bolivia will likely hinge on finding a new partner to supplant US anti-drug efforts in the South American nation, former Bolivian President Carlos Mesa said last week.

September 11, 2009: VIDEO: Keynote Speech at CAF Conference
By Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana
U.S. Sen. Dick Lugar made the following remarks at the XIII Annual Andean Development Corporation (CAF) Conference on Trade in the Americas, jointly sponsored by CAF, the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States.

September 11, 2009: Cuba's Soft Power
By Greta Levy
The Inter-American Dialogue and Florida International University's Cuban Research Institute sponsored a discussion on "Cuba's Soft Power," examining how Cuba, lacking the traditional tools of "hard power" such as military strength or economic leverage, has used diplomacy, medical outreach, education and the arts to advance its interests and gain influence on the world stage. We evaluated the results and weaknesses of this strategy and analyzed how Cuba's regional and global influence is likely to evolve in the coming period.

September 11, 2009: Lugar: Zelaya Must Be 'Constructive' to End Honduras Impasse
By Matthew Schewel
A high-ranking US senator said Thursday he told deposed Honduran President Manuel Zelaya to use "constructive means" in pursuing a solution to the political crisis that has wracked the Central American country since Zelaya's ouster more than two months ago.

September 10, 2009: XIII Annual CAF Conference on Trade and Investment in the Americas
By Mary Dempsey
Every September, the Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF), the Inter-American Dialogue and the Organization of American States (OAS) sponsor a conference for Washington officials and opinion leaders on hemispheric affairs. Over two days of discussions, the Thirteenth Annual CAF Conference will bring together over 250 people, including U.S. and Latin American government officials; international economists; lawmakers, leading policy analysts, and journalists; and corporate and financial leaders. The aim of this sustained collaboration is to demonstrate the importance of U.S. economic and political relations with the Andean region and Latin America more broadly, and to provide a detailed review of hemispheric economic affairs.

September 10, 2009: Immigrant parishes flourish in Miami
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Miami is an immigrant city. Heartland Americans often come here full of excitement. “So near and yet so foreign,'' said a 1940s promotion by the Cuban Tourist Commission to attract American tourists. Not a bad motto for today's Miami.

September 8, 2009: Another Chance for U.S. Policy in the Americas (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: U.S. Naval War College
The election of Barack Obama was enthusiastically welcomed throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The choice of an African American leader committed to universal values revealed the vitality of U.S. democracy to many in the region who had become skeptical. By their spirited reaction to the new president, Latin Americans have made clear that they want a better relationship with the United States, but they also want Washington to approach the region differently.

September 6, 2009: The war on drugs has failed. Now we need a more humane strategy
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: The Observer (UK)
Latin America remains the world's largest exporter of cocaine and marijuana. Now, we need a new, global approach to this problem.

September 4, 2009: El sueño pre-sal de Lula
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Ha pasado más de un año desde que el gobierno brasileño empezó a considerar la posibilidad de cambiar la legislación que regula la actividad del sector de los hidrocarburos en Brasil, algo que ha provocado el escepticismo de la industria internacional del petróleo. Varios factores han contribuido a que el gobierno de Lula estudiase establecer un nuevo marco regulatorio para el petróleo y el gas que aprovechase mejor los recursos naturales del país y contribuyera verdaderamente al desarrollo del país, a veces llamado "la eterna promesa futura".

September 3, 2009: América Latina: Visión Política de la Región y el Papel de los Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: ANALDEX Congreso Nacional de Exportadores
Michael Shifter dio este discurso ante el Congreso Nacional de Exportadores, organizado por la Asociación Nacional de Comercio Exterior (ANALDEX) de Colombia, en Bogotá, 3 de septiembre de 2009.

September 1, 2009: A dificil paz
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

September 1, 2009: Trade and Investment in the Americas (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
Report of the Twelfth Annual Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF) Conference on September 10-11 2008.

September 1, 2009: PREAL Working Paper No. 43: Teacher Effectiveness (PDF)
By PREAL (Barbara Hunt)
The working paper discusses the state of the teaching profession, examines different approaches to defining and measuring teacher effectiveness, and reviews findings on how to improve it.

September 1, 2009: How Much Are Latin American Children Learning?: Highlights from the Second Regional Student Achievement Test (SERCE) (PDF)
By PREAL (Alejandro Ganimian)
The document summarizes the principal findings of SERCE, the UNESCO study that evaluated the skills of third and sixth graders in math, reading and science in 16 Latin American countries. It compares the participating countries in terms of average scores; high and low achieving students; and differences in performance by gender, place of residence and GDP per capita.

August 29, 2009: Se desaprovechó una oportunidad para debatir temas de fondo
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter analyzes the aftermath-- and the missed opportunities-- of the UNASUR conference in Argentina.

August 28, 2009: Will Brazil's New Natural Gas Law Stimulate Investment? (PDF)
By Energy Advisor Staff
Earlier this year, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed a new natural gas law that aims to better regulate the industry, stimulate domestic production and spur investment in natural gas infrastructure. What will be the biggest changes in the new regulatory regime and is the law likely to have its intended effect?

August 28, 2009: Outrage over U.S. policy in Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Russia Today
Russia Today's Dina Gusovsky speaks to Michael Shifter live in the studio about the implications of the base deal between the U.S. and Colombia

August 28, 2009: US-Colombia Military Deal: Latin American presidents holding emergency meeting
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: BBC World News
Michael Shifter appeared on BBC World News in advance of the emergency UNASUR summit to discuss what could be expected and analyze the politics at play.

August 27, 2009: The Meaning of Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
Across the political spectrum, the Honduran crisis is viewed as a critical test for the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Inter-American Democratic Charter. It has also become a measuring rod for the hemisphere’s commitment to democracy and a challenge to the Obama administration’s efforts to pursue a more cooperative, multilateral policy in Latin America.

August 27, 2009: Las paradojas de un golpe (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
La crisis en Honduras es vista como una prueba para la OEA y la Carta Democrática Interamericana. También se ha convertido en una medida del compromiso hemisférico con la democracia y un desafío para el gobierno de Barack Obama de lograr una política más cooperativa y multilateral en América Latina.

August 27, 2009: Let people decide future, sooner not later
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It's been two months since the coup in Honduras. The Arias plan -- issued by the Costa Rican president -- calls for Manuel Zelaya's return with diminished powers and an amnesty for all parties in the events before June 28 and since then. Hondurans and foreigners brandish powerful legal arguments to justify the ``presidential succession'' or Zelaya as the ``legitimate president.''

August 27, 2009: Expectativas de la cumbre
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
In this Op/Ed for El Tiempo, Michael Shifter examines the regional dynamics in the dispute over the base-sharing deal between Colombia and the United States.

August 25, 2009: Guatemala, violencia política e impunidad
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
This review of Francisco Goldman's new book El arte del asesinato político. ¿Quién mató al obispo? looks at political violence and justice in Guatemala throughout the past decades.

August 24, 2009: Data Paints Troublesome Picture for Latin American Growth
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin America Advisor
The lesson, unfortunately, is that the region has done its homework on macro-management, as the current crisis shows. However, if Latin America wants to prosper, we need to make much more intense efforts to solve our secular problems, and break away from our "middle-income trap."

August 24, 2009: Obama's Honduras Problem
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
After the June ousting of President José Manuel Zelaya, Honduras has become a test of the Obama administration's posture toward the whole of Latin America.

August 23, 2009: La reelección puede tener costos económicos
By Interview with Michael Shifter
While in Cali, Colombia to participate in the FENALCO Congreso Nacional de los Comerciantes, Michael Shifter spoke to Colombian newspaper El Espectador about a wide range of issues, from the U.S.-Colombia relationship to the regional cost of the current economic crisis.

August 19, 2009: Liderazgo Político y Gobernabilidad Democrática en América Latina y Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: “Los Desafíos de la Democracia en América Latina”
Michael Shifter dio este discurso ante el Foro Internacional “Los Desafíos de la Democracia en América Latina,” organizado por la Corporación Escuela Galán en Bogotá, 19 de agosto de 2009.

August 18, 2009: Fiscal Reform a Politically Thorny Issue in Mexico, Analysts Say
By Matthew Schewel
The Mexican economy is in the midst of its worst crisis in more than a decade, but political obstacles including a rejuvenated opposition in Mexico's Congress could complicate attempts by President Felipe Calderon to enact much-needed fiscal reforms, analysts said Tuesday.

August 14, 2009: Ecuador Envoy Calls for Greater Efficiency in Country's Oil Sector
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Energy Advisor
Ecuador's ambassador to the United States called for boosting the efficiency of the country's oil sector and touted Ecuador's potential to supply large Asian markets, even as private investors continue to raise concerns about the country's investment climate.

August 12, 2009: Envoy Says US Military Plan May Embolden Colombian Forces
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Latin America Advisor
A greater US military presence in Colombia would likely increase chances the South American nation would launch a "pre-emptive" attack on a neighboring country, creating a "rupture of the whole inter-American system," Ecuador's ambassador said in an interview with the Advisor.

August 10, 2009: Understanding the continuing effect of the economic crisis on remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
This report presents fieldwork research and results of a nationwide survey of Latin American and Caribbean migrants on how the economic crisis is affecting their economic situation and their ability to send remittances. The study shows that difficulties are mounting for migrants who send money home to take care of their families, and it estimates that in 2009 flows to Latin America may drop by 11% over 2008 values.

August 9, 2009: E.U. debió tener la delicadeza de hablar con Lula sobre las bases
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Opina que fue una falta de cortesía, no solo de Colombia, sino de E.U., no informar a los vecinos antes, lo que ha capitalizado a su favor Hugo Chávez.

August 4, 2009: Is Brazil's Lula Taking the Right Approach With Iran?
By Peter Hakim and Donna Hrinak
Brazil has been increasing trade ties with Iran, and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva recognized Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the victor in Iran's disputed presidential elections. Is the Lula administration taking the right tack on Iran?

August 3, 2009: Honduras and the OAS
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
After more than a than a month, the political crisis in Honduras is unresolved, and may be getting worse. The two sides have become increasingly entrenched and polarized in their positions.

August 2, 2009: Os limites da tolerância
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Fernando Henrique Cardoso's articles are published on the first of every month and appear in O Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo), Zero Hora (Porto Alegre) and O Globo (Rio de Janeiro).

August 2, 2009: A Cuba pós-Fidel (PDF)
By Flávia Carbonari
Source: Valor
A transição cubana mostra que as bases do regime castrista vão além de seu personagem principal e que as mudanças não poderão ser guiadas pelos EUA.

July 31, 2009: La Economía Local y las Respuestas de los Gobiernos Ante los Envíos de Remesas en América Latina y el Caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
El presente informe evalúa la intersección entre las remesas y las economías locales en cinco ciudades de América Latina y el Caribe. Examinamos la medida en que estas economías realmente absorben las remesas en su base productiva y las respuestas de los gobiernos locales a estas realidades.

July 31, 2009: Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean: Their Impact on Local Economies and the Response of Local Governments (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
This report assesses the intersection of remittances with the local economies of five cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. We explore the extent to which these economies effectively absorb remittances into their productive base and the response of the local governments to these realities. Th e global is local: remittances go to a myriad of places outside capitals and large cities.

July 30, 2009: End coup stalemate
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
I don't know what else to call it. If a president is awakened by soldiers pointing their weapons in his face, what is it if not a coup? Still, Manuel Zelaya's removal on June 28 can't be treated as if it were a return to the 1970s when brutal coups established military governments, banned political parties and perpetrated massive human-rights violations.

July 28, 2009: ¿Se Arma Una Bomba Regional? (PDF)
By La Vanguardia
Source: Vanguardia
¿Una bomba se fabrica en América Latina? Según este artículo, hay señales inequívocas de que algunos conflictos entre países en la región se avivan.

July 27, 2009: Inequality in Latin America: Grounds for Optimism?
By Alexandra Solano
Latin America is the most unequal region in the world. Yet, inequality has declined recently. Whether recent progress can be sustained was the topic at the Inter American Dialogue’s breakfast meeting on Monday, July 27th. Distinguished economist Dr. Nora Lustig, Samuel Z. Stone Professor of Latin American Economics in the Department of Economics at Tulane University and non-resident fellow of the Center for Global Development presented the results and analysis in a forthcoming book based on a UNDP-sponsored project, The New Dynamics of Inequality in Latin America, (Brookings Institution), co-edited by Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva. Renowned political economist Dr. Francis Fukuyama, Bernard L. Schwartz Professor of International Political Economy at Johns Hopkins’ Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies provided comments.

July 27, 2009: Crise em Honduras revela limites da OEA
By Interview with Michael Shifter
In Part One of a two-part interview with OperaMundi.net, Michael Shifter discusses the political crisis in Honduras and the limitations of the OAS that it has revealed.

July 27, 2009: Quem decide a política externa dos EUA é Obama, não Hillary
By Interview with Michael Shifter
In the second part of a two-part interview with OperaMundi.net, Michael Shifter discusses U.S. foreign policy in relation to the Honduran political crisis.

July 22, 2009: Brazil's Rousseff Makes Push for Biofuels, Trade in Washington Visit
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite lingering uncertainties in the commercial relationship between the US and Brazil—including a US tariff on Brazilian ethanol imports and slow movement on bilateral tax and investment treaties—the two largest economies in the Americas are initiating a strategic partnership, top officials from both governments said Tuesday.

July 22, 2009: A Discussion with the Honduran Congressional and Civil Society Delegation
By Kevin McGinnis
Three representatives from the Honduran congress and civil society organizations discussed their support for deposed Honduran President Manuel Zelaya and shared their thoughts on how to best resolve the current political crisis facing their country.

July 22, 2009: The Myths and Costs of the Cuban Revolution
By Eusebio Mujal-León
Source: Americas Quarterly
The Cuba Wars thoroughly and perceptively analyzes the events of the past 20 years, examining both the evolution of U.S. policy toward Cuba and the implementation of the regime’s “survival” strategy.

July 22, 2009: How Well is the OAS Handling the Coup in Honduras?
By Latin America Advisor Staff
The Organization of American States has taken center stage in the international community’s response to the coup in Honduras. Has the OAS acted appropriately to date? What are its strengths and weaknesses in responding to situations like the one in Honduras, and what needs to change at the OAS to make it better? Where else in the region could similar situations to the Honduras coup emerge? Is the OAS the best mechanism for maintaining the peace and stability necessary for economic growth in the region's most fragile democracies?

July 21, 2009: Planning for the Worst in Honduras
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Dark clouds are gathering over negotiations on Honduras' future, and the balancing act is about to get harder. The Obama administration must now show its commitment to democracy, work with Latin American neighbors, and simultaneously push for a pragmatic solution that muffles any impending instability.

July 20, 2009: A Powerful Grip
By Michael Shifter
Source: America
Brian A. Nelson’s The Silence and the Scorpion is a refreshingly impartial and objective account of the coup of April 11, 2002, in which Hugo Chávez's government was deposed. Nelson uses this seminal event as an instructive vehicle to capture the rancor and mistrust among Venezuelans.

July 19, 2009: A Good Start
By Peter Hakim
Source: La Nacion
During his first six months in office, President Obama—who brought limited international experience to the White House—has done an admirable job of clarifying the directions he wants to take US foreign policy and setting out the guiding framework for his management of world affairs. Progress toward those goals is still very modest, however. Obama has introduced only minor changes to the bulk of the Bush Administration’s policies. Three critical obstacles stand in the way of his global agenda.

July 19, 2009: La verdadera prueba está aún por venir
By Peter Hakim
Source: La Nacion
Durante sus primeros seis meses de gobierno, el presidente Obama -quien llegó a la Casa Blanca con escasa experiencia internacional- ha tenido éxito en la encomiable tarea de clarificar la dirección hacia la que pretende encauzar la política exterior de los Estados Unidos y de establecer el marco de trabajo que sirva como directriz de su manejo de los asuntos internacionales. Sin embargo, los avances son todavía muy modestos.

July 17, 2009: Corruption in the Andean Region: Is Progress Being Made? (PDF)
By Carlos Basombrío Iglesias
This working paper, written by Carlos Basombrío, is the eighteenth in a special series focused on the Andean countries of South America. The paper examines the debate over corruption in the Andes and uses examples from all five Andean countries to assess corruption's effect on political stability and democratic viability.

July 16, 2009: A Conversation with José Miguel Insulza
By Matthew Schewel
Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) José Miguel Insulza discussed the political crisis in Honduras, paying special attention to the role of the OAS in the events that transpired over the past several weeks. Dialogue President Peter Hakim moderated the discussion.

July 16, 2009: VIDEO: José Miguel Insulza on Honduras
By Chris Moore
Video of a panel conversation featuring Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) José Miguel Insulza and The Dialogue’s Peter Hakim. The two discussed the political crisis in Honduras, paying special attention to the role of the OAS in the events that transpired over the past several weeks.

July 16, 2009: VIDEO: Q&A Session with José Miguel Insulza
By Chris Moore
Following José Miguel Insulza's presentation to the Dialogue on July 16, 2009, he fielded questions from the audience for close to 45 minutes.

July 14, 2009: Honduras highlights OAS limitations
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Oxford Analytica
President Manuel Zelaya's forcible ouster prompted strong regional and international censure. Displaying the characteristics of a classic military coup, the expulsion particularly touched a nerve in those Latin American countries that have suffered from military rule in the past. The evolving circumstances pose a critical test for the Obama administration and the OAS.

July 13, 2009: Opposition To Or Engagement With Latin American Leftists?
By Michael Shifter
Source: National Journal Online
The Obama administration’s response to the Honduras crisis not only reflected a principled stand, but also helped neutralize Chavez’s role and influence in pursuing a solution.

July 13, 2009: VIDEO: Coverage of the Conflict in Honduras
By Chris Moore
The Inter-American Dialogue produced a video on coverage of the current conflict in Honduras.

July 12, 2009: La crisis que se avecina en Centro América
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Si la democracia fue como una ola que reventó en Centro América a mediados de los 80s, dejó más de unas cuantas burbujas de autoritarismo detrás. A como lo confirman recientes temblores, las transiciones de dictadura a democracia en la región quedaron interrumpidas o incompletas. Ahora, un golpe en Honduras, el fraude electoral en Nicaragua y los asesinatos en Guatemala son sólo unas cuantas señales de los problemas que se avecinan.

July 9, 2009: Chile’s 2009 Presidential Elections with Genaro Arriagada
By Stephanie Majerowicz
Despite appearances, the Chilean political system faces a crucial challenge in the upcoming elections as it attempts to revitalize itself after twenty years of Concertación rule, said former Chilean minister of the presidency Genaro Arriagada, who spoke at the Dialogue on July 9.

July 7, 2009: Miedo a la mayoría silenciosa
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El pasado 24 de junio, cinco disidentes cubanos recibieron el Premio a la Democracia que la Fundación Nacional para la Democracia (NED) otorga cada año. José Daniel Ferrer, Iván Hernández y Librado Linares están purgando largas condenas en prisión por su oposición pacífica. Sentenciado a 17 años de cárcel, Jorge Luis García, conocido como Antúnez, fue liberado en 2007. Él y su esposa, Iris Tamara Pérez, también galardonada, se hallan actualmente bajo un virtual arresto domiciliario.

July 7, 2009: Press Briefing on Honduras
By Stephanie Majerowicz
The Dialogue’s Peter Hakim and Michael Shifter, joined by Dialogue senior fellow and former Chilean minister, Genaro Arriagada, hosted a press roundtable on Tuesday, July 7 to discuss the crisis in Honduras.

July 6, 2009: Central America's Coming Crisis, Honduras is just the beginning
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Foreign Policy
If democracy hit Central America like a wave in the mid-1980s, it was one that left more than a few bubbles of authoritarianism behind. As recent turmoil confirms, the region's transitions from dictatorship to democracy were interrupted or left incomplete. Now, a coup in Honduras, electoral fraud in Nicaragua, and assassinations in Guatemala are just a few signs of trouble ahead.

July 5, 2009: Alta Voz
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Hay mucha hipocresía y doble juego de los políticos que se aprovechan de la situación en Honduras.

July 3, 2009: Golpe por Golpe
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
Las alianzas del presente y el futuro de América Latina con EEUU deberían tener que ver no con la obsecuencia del discurso.

July 2, 2009: Regime fears silent majority
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On June 24, five Cuban dissidents received the annual Democracy Award given by the National Endowment for Democracy. José Daniel Ferrer, Iván Hernández and Librado Linares are serving long prison terms for their peaceful opposition. Imprisoned for 17 years, Jorge Luis García, known as Antúnez, was released in 2007. He and wife Iris Tamara Pérez, a fellow awardee, are under virtual house arrest.

July 1, 2009: The Coup in Honduras: Can the Obama Administration’s Promising Start in the Americas be Sustained?
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Reforma (Mexico)
The military coup against President Manuel Zelaya in Honduras provides an early test of the Obama administration’s commitment to its new approach in the Americas, committed to multilateralism and cooperation with Latin American partners.

June 30, 2009: La Política Exterior del Presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
By Michael Shifter
Source: Primera Reunión de Embajadores del Perú Acreditados en el Exterior
Michael Shifter dio este discurso en Lima, Perú el 30 de junio 2009.

June 30, 2009: The Next Step in the US-Colombia Relationship
By Kevin McGinnis
Colombian President Álvaro Uribe spoke at a June 30 event sponsored by the Inter-American Dialogue, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and Council of the Americas.

June 29, 2009: Toward a Free Cuba: the Prospect for Democracy after 50 Years of Dictatorship
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
The award presentation was preceded by a roundtable discussion, Toward a Free Cuba: the Prospect for Democracy after 50 Years of Dictatorship. The discussion panelists include notable activists and advocates for basic rights in Cuba, including: José Azel, Senior Research Associate at the Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies at the University of Miami Marifeli Pérez-Stable, vice president for democratic governance at the Inter-American Dialogue Janisset Rivero Gutierrez, a noted human rights activist José Miguel Vivanco, executive director of the Americas Division of Human Rights Watch Bertha Antúnez Pernet, a leader of the National Movement of Civic Resistance Pedro Luis Boitel."

June 28, 2009: Problemas na vizinhança
By Sergio Fausto
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A intervenção do Evo Morales na rebelião na Amazônia peruana motivada pelo tratado de libre comércio com os Estados Unidos, foi ao mesmo tempo polêmica, e uma demonstração do seus intereses de ser simultaneamente chefe de Estado e líder de um movimento étnico-social transfronteiriço. A crescente concentração de poder do Morales poderá representar um problema para a região et um grande teste para a liderança regional do Brasil.

June 26, 2009: Tiempos difíciles
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Rara vez la política es aburrida. Los países de Centroamérica —Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua— están inmersos en cambios significativos. Es cierto que no todos necesariamente para bien, pero son cambios.

June 26, 2009: Ecuador's Correa Confronts Teachers With Job Evaluations
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Acting decidedly right-of-center, Ecuador's leftist President Rafael Correa has embarked on a major confrontation with the National Union of Educators (UNE), the country's largest teacher's union, over the first-ever round of teacher evaluations. The assessments are part of a package of reforms that Ecuador's Ministry of Education announced earlier this year. Teachers who do well on their evaluations will get a salary bonus during each of the next four years. However, those who do poorly two years in a row (and after additional training) will lose their jobs.

June 25, 2009: The Economy's Effects on the Ballot Box in Argentina, Mexico
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Argentina and Mexico will have congressional elections over the next several days. Both countries have been hit by the international economic crisis, and have serious political and social ills that do not bode well for the incumbent parties—the rightist PAN in Mexico, and the populist-leftist Kirchner wing of the Peronist movement in Argentina.

June 24, 2009: Members of Congress Discuss U.S. Cuba Policy
By Sara Lynch
Members of congress sat down with analysts to discuss U.S. Cuba policy at a meeting of the Dialogue's Congressional Members Working Group on Wednesday, June 24, 2009.

June 24, 2009: Cuba and the OAS
By Greta Levy
The recent OAS decision to reverse the 1962 provision that expelled Cuba was historic, said Secretary General José Miguel Insulza. But “how historic it will be, depends on what Cuba is willing to do and what other countries are willing to accept.” The provision agreed to at the 39th General Assembly of the OAS in Honduras last month allows for Cuba’s eventual readmission, provided Havana approaches the OAS in the spirit of the “practices, purposes, and principles” embodied in that institution.

June 23, 2009: Managing the US-Mexico Relationship
By Mariandrea Chamorro
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a small, select group to participate in a seminar on coordination and logistics in the complex U.S.-Mexico bilateral relationship on Tuesday, June 23. Tonatiuh Guillén, President of the Colegio de la Frontera Norte, and John Bailey, Professor of Government and Foreign Service at Georgetown University, summarized some of their findings about continuity and change in process management.

June 22, 2009: Caracas Mayor Seeks to Unify Venezuela's Political Opposition
By Matthew Schewel
Venezuela's opposition is hoping key regional and municipal victories in last November's election can breathe new life into its movement, even as some governors and mayors are being stripped of their executive powers, Caracas Mayor Antonio Ledezma said at an Inter-American Dialogue event on June 22, 2009.

June 19, 2009: ¿Nueva política de Estado?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
Es hora de que desde el nivel oficial se asuma en serio que la gobernabilidad no consiste en "diktats" que emanan del poder.

June 18, 2009: La relación E.U.-Colombia en vísperas del viaje de Uribe a Washington
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Silla Vacía
En vísperas del viaje de Uribe a Washington, Adam Isacson y Michael Shifter discuten sobre la relación E.U.-Colombia.

June 18, 2009: Nations are in for a bumpy ride
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is hardly ever boring. Central American countries -- Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua -- are experiencing significant changes. Granted, these aren't necessarily for the better -- but still.

June 18, 2009: The Peruvian Ambassador on the Tragic Events in Bagua Province
By Kevin McGinnis
The Dialogue held a discussion on the recent violence in Peru on June 18, in collaboration with the Council of the Americas. Luis Valdivieso Montano, the Peruvian ambassador to the United States, gave the government perspective on the events that led to the deaths of dozens of indigenous protesters and police officers.

June 18, 2009: Para especialista, cresce a percepção sobre a importância da Educação na América Latina
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Você Sabia by Todos Pela Educação

June 18, 2009: To Specialist, Perceived Importance of Education is Increasing in Latin America
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Você Sabia by Todos Pela Educação

June 11, 2009: Ecuador's Regional and Global Relations
By Matthew Schewel
The Dialogue held an event on Ecuador’s regional and international relations, featuring Fander Falconí, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Integration as well as Miguel Carvajal, Coordinating Minister of Internal and External Security on Thursday, June 11th.

June 11, 2009: Un reto para Raúl
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Cuba no está de vuelta. El 3 de junio, la Asamblea General de la OEA revocó la resolución de 1962 que había excluido a La Habana de sus filas. Estableció, también, una vía para su reintegración: el régimen deberá tomar la iniciativa y establecer un diálogo que se realizaría según "las prácticas, los propósitos y los principios" de la OEA.

June 11, 2009: Latin America Policy during Obama's First 100 Days
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: U.S. State Department
Michael Shifter of the Inter-American Dialogue participated in a State Department teleconference on US policy towards Latin America during President Obama's first 100 days in office.

June 10, 2009: Discussion on Mexican Politics and U.S.-Mexico Relations
By Daphne Morrison
Andrés Rozental was joined by Sidney Weintraub of the Center for Strategic and International Studies at a June 10 meeting on Mexican politics and U.S.-Mexico relations. Dialogue-president Peter Hakim moderated the discussion.

June 10, 2009: Should the United States Curb the Use of Caribbean Tax Havens? (PDF)
By Financial Services Advisor
The Obama administration said last month that it plans to raise $210 billion in revenues over the next 10 years by curbing corporate and individual use of so-called "offshore tax havens," and has lent its support to several bills in the US Congress aimed at stopping tax shelter abuses. Caribbean countries have rejected such efforts, arguing that they unfairly target small economies heavily dependent on financial services and tourism. Is the recent emphasis on limiting the use of offshore financial centers correctly placed?

June 9, 2009: Members of Congress Discuss Security Challenges Facing Guatemala
By Sara Lynch
A Congressional Members Working Group dinner discussion

June 8, 2009: A.L. y EE.UU. “ganaron” en la OEA
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Washington y La Habana continuarán buscando una relación bilateral más abierta. Hay una creciente preocupación en EE.UU. por la situación política de Nicaragua. Decisión sobre Cuenta del Milenio este miércoles: un dilema difícil para Obama.

June 8, 2009: The Significance of the Fujimori Trial
By Kevin McGinnis
The Dialogue held a discussion on the significance of the trial and recent sentence against former Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori on Monday, June 8. The session featured two Peruvian lawyers deeply involved in the case, Carlos Rivera and Antonio Maldonado.

June 6, 2009: En Sintonía
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Cambios profundos en política de E.U.

June 6, 2009: In Tune: Profound Changes in US Politics
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
If any more proof were needed, Barack Obama’s nomination of Sonia Sotomayor, a New York federal appeals court judge of Puerto Rican descent, as a justice on the United States Supreme Court confirms how American attitudes toward partisanship and race have fundamentally changed in recent years.

June 5, 2009: Raúl won't face OAS challenge
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba isn't back. On Wednesday, the OAS General Assembly repealed the 1962 resolution that had excluded the Cuban government from its ranks. It also established a path for reintegration: Havana needs to take the initiative and open a dialogue that would be conducted according to OAS "practices, purposes and principles.''

June 5, 2009: Liquidando un fantasma
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
En la resolución sobre Cuba hay muchos actores importantes, pero dos que son fundamentales: Insulza y los EEUU.

June 3, 2009: Testimony presented before the House of Representatives Financial Services Committee Subcommittee on Financial Institutions at the hearing titled “Remittances: Regulation and Disclosure in a New Economic Environment” (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
The significance of international migrant transfers continues to pose important considerations for policy and the law in various respects. This hearing is a welcomed opportunity to focus on these issues, particularly in light of proposed legislation that seeks to address many of the areas needing policy reform. Despite the current global crisis, migrants continue to remit as much as they can, though their transfers will decline by 7% in 2009 from the previous year. Parallel to this trend is an industry for remittance payments that continues to strive to remain competitive while facing the hurdles of survival. Solutions to these challenges can be found in proposed “International Remittance Disclosure and Expansion Act of 2007”. This piece is critically important as it highlights key issues such as disclosure, credit union participation, financial literacy for migrants, and financial access for families of migrants.

June 3, 2009: Media Development in Haiti
By Frances Aunon
The Dialogue hosted a special luncheon roundtable on the media in Haiti, co-sponsored by the Internews Network, on the challenges facing journalists and media organizations in reporting from Haiti.

June 3, 2009: Politics in Nicaragua
By Roberto Munster
The November 2008 municipal elections in Nicaragua were “probably one of the best documented cases of fraud in Latin America,” assessed Carlos Fernando Chamorro, Nicaraguan journalist and Editor of Confidencial. On June 3, the Inter-American Dialogue held a discussion with Chamorro to discuss politics in Nicaragua, joined by Manuel Orozco, senior associate at the Dialogue.

June 3, 2009: Nicaragua After the Electoral Fraud: The Future Outlook (PDF)
By Carlos F. Chamorro
Remarks on politics in Nicaragua given at Inter-American Dialogue event on June 3, 2009.

June 3, 2009: Nicaragua después del fraude electoral: perspectivas futuras (PDF)
By Carlos F. Chamorro
Ponencia presentada ante el Dialogo Interamericano, 3 de Junio 2009.

June 3, 2009: Muchos sectores de E.U. 'querrán alejarse de la OEA': Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
El Tiempo entrevistó en Washington a Shifter para conocer sus impresiones sobre la derogación de la resolución que expulsaba de la OEA a la isla.

June 2, 2009: Cuba and the OAS
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
There is a tension between two worthy, but apparently competing goals—stronger multilateralism and stronger defense of democracy. Shouldn’t the overwhelming majority of countries be able to override US objections to bring Cuba back into the OAS? Or should democratic values trump multilateral decision making, requiring that the OAS remain a community of democracies?

June 2, 2009: Cuba y la OEA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Por el momento, lo mejor para los estados miembros de la OEA no sólo sería retrasar cualquier decisión sobre el regreso de Cuba, sino también llegar a un acuerdo sobre una hoja de ruta para examinar la situación de Cuba en la próxima Asamblea General en 2010.

June 1, 2009: Mudança Climática: decisão já!
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A profundidade da crise financeira global foi tão grande que tem sido quase imperativo concentrar as atenções em suas conseqüências. Mas há crises mais sérias e de conseqüências mais duradouras. Tudo somado, a economia brasileira está se saindo melhor em comparação não só com os países ricos, mas também com os emergentes. O mesmo não se pode dizer sobre a crise prenunciada pelo aquecimento global: ainda são muito tímidas as medidas tomadas para contê-lo, seja no exterior, seja no Brasil.

June 1, 2009: How Much Danger Does Mexico Face in This Turbulent Time?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Mexican Finance Minister Agustin Carstens recently announced that gross domestic product will decline by more than 5 percent in 2009. Only a few weeks ago, in a recent paper on the subject, I suggested that GDP might decline by up to 3 percent. The worsening performance of the Mexican economy is a matter of concern even as the International Monetary Fund is providing the most significant support package granted in recent times and rating agencies have not yet modified Mexico's rating.

June 1, 2009: Review of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution"
By Russell Crandall and Marshall Worsham
Source: Survival, vol. 51, no. 3
Erikson's conclusion that change in Cuba will come slowly is hardly new. When no democratic wave had swept the island after Raul Castro's first 100 days in office, it became clear that the new regime was more of the same, perhaps in part because Fidel Castro was still in the picture. What The Cuba Wars does contribute is a level of detail and even-handed critical analysis that is much needed in Washington's Cuba-policy circles. Erikson's frequent appeals to the 'human side' of US-Cuban relations, even if they betray a less authoritative, journalistic urge in Erikson's writing, help create a stimulating and refreshing narrative. This, combined with Erikson's elegant prose and meticulous investigation, should make The Cuba Wars a go-to book for policymakers and analysts dealing with a relationship that has been, and will likely continue to be, exasperatingly turbulent.

May 29, 2009: Mover piezas más allá de Fidel
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
¿Ha vuelto el Comandante a tomar las riendas? Sí, se podría decir. Sin embargo, ésa es la respuesta más simple y obvia, y la política cubana no es ni lo uno ni lo otro.

May 27, 2009: Caribbean Diplomats Blast US Plan to Crack Down on Tax Havens
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Financial Services Advisor
New regulatory measures proposed by US President Barack Obama and currently being debated in the US Congress would make Caribbean offshore financial centers "collateral damage" in the battle for stricter regulation of the world financial system, diplomats from several Caribbean countries said Wednesday.

May 27, 2009: China's Strategy toward Central America: The Costa Rican Nexus
By Daniel Erikson
Source: Jamestown Foundation China Brief, Vol. 9, Iss. 11
Latin America is half a world away from the decades-long conflict simmering in the Taiwan Strait, but the diplomatic tussle between Taiwan and China remains a red-hot issue in the Caribbean and Central America. Beijing rigorously promotes its “One China” policy, which means that non-recognition of the Taiwanese government is a prerequisite for conducting formal diplomatic relations with the PRC—in effect forcing other governments to choose between Beijing and Taipei. Although each of the Latin American countries involved in this geopolitical chess match have little individual clout, together they make up the most significant group of states caught in the cross-Strait tug-of-war, representing 12 of the 23 countries that recognize Taiwan.

May 26, 2009: Challenges for Mexican Democracy with Beatriz Paredes
By Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Beatriz Paredes spoke at a meeting jointly organized by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Inter-American Dialogue. Andrew Selee, director of the Mexico Institute, and Peter Hakim, president of the Dialogue, provided commentary.

May 26, 2009: VIDEO: Drugs and Violence: Part One of a Series on Mexico
By Chris Moore
The Inter-American Dialogue is pleased to release a recently-produced video on issues related to drugs and violence in Mexico. The video features commentary from Lázaro Cárdenas and Michael Shifter. It is the first in a series of videos to be released on Mexico.

May 22, 2009: Recent Trends in Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean
By Tim Cheston
“The sky is not falling on remittances,” assessed Natasha Bajuk, a remittances specialist at the Inter-American Development Bank's Multilateral Investment Fund, “but a significant number of families will see their needs go unmet.” Bajuk was one of four panelists of a lunch discussion held at the Inter-American Dialogue on May 22, 2009 to analyze recent trends in remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean. The event followed closely after the release of a new report by Manuel Orozco, the program director of the remittances and development program at the Dialogue, which estimates a 7 percent decline in remittances in 2009 to Latin American and the Caribbean.

May 21, 2009: Moving beyond Fidel
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Is the Comandante back in the saddle? Yes, most say. Yet, that's also the easiest and simplest answer when Cuban politics is neither. Fidel Castro has never been first among equals. His photograph always appeared larger than anyone else's in the Cuban Communist Party's politburo. In the mid-1990s, Castro halted modest economic openings and later launched a recentralization. Though many in the leadership likely disagreed, acquiescence was their only choice.

May 21, 2009: Creating a Central America Forum
By Daphne Morrison
In response to the grim security situation—and the convergence of other ills in Central America—Peter Hakim and Hugo Beteta convened a select group of policy analysts, scholars, corporate leaders, heads of think tanks and foundations, diplomats, and officials from the international financial institutions on Thursday May 21 to explore the possibility of creating a working group on the region.

May 19, 2009: A Celebration of the Life and Times of Raúl Prebisch
By Daphne Morrison
The Washington policy community gathered on Tuesday May 19 to celebrate the release of author Edgar Dosman’s new book, The Life and Times of Raúl Prebisch, 1901-1986. Dosman was joined by OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza and SEGIB Secretary General Enrique Iglesias at the Inter-American Dialogue. A reception followed the discussion, hosted by the Canadian Mission to the OAS.

May 15, 2009: Atajar el antagonismo perpetuo
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
"Es como si te invitaran a cenar, llegaras, y los que te invitaron están medio borrachos y tirándose botellas unos a otros". Esta fue la descripción que Bill Clinton diera a The Economist sobre las relaciones entre EE UU y Cuba, al inicio de su segundo mandato presidencial.

May 13, 2009: Report: Remittances to Latin America Will Fall 7 Percent This Year
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Financial Services Advisor
Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean will fall by 7 percent this year, totaling $64 billion, as the global economic downturn curtails the demand for labor in developed markets, according to a study released May 8 by the Inter-American Dialogue. While a single-digit drop might seem relatively small as some countries face declining exports of up to 25 percent, it's something that policy makers cannot afford to ignore, Manuel Orozco, author of the report, told reporters in a press briefing.

May 13, 2009: Mexico: A safe vessel or a risky wreck in turbulent waters? (PDF)
By Claudio Loser
Mexico: A safe vessel or a risky wreck in turbulent waters? (May 2009) examines Mexico’s economic conditions with emphasis on its financial system and corporate sector. The report aims to raise questions on Mexican corporates’ ability to refinance themselves in the international marketplace and the related issue of the credit ratings agencies’ accuracy to price in Mexico’s sovereign and corporate risk.

May 11, 2009: Examining Recent Changes in US Policy Towards Cuba
By Chris Moore
A new video on Cuba.

May 8, 2009: Recesión global migraciones y remesas efectos sobre las economías de américa latina y el caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Este estudio por el Diálogo Interamericano muestra que en 2009 inmigrantes de América Latina y el Caribe remitirán US$64 millones, menor de los US$69 millones remitidos en 2008. Además, el estudio muestra que en 2009, mientras la crisis se empeora, inmigrantes reducirán sus flujos por hasta 7 por ciento debido a la pérdida del trabajo, ganancias menores y migración más lenta (incluyendo deportaciones continuadas). Este decenso es mucho menos dañino que lo esperado de las exportaciones, pero no es insignificante. El estudio se basa en un analisis del impacto de la crisis económica en las remesas familiares y el efecto consecuente que tal impacto tendrá en la economía latinoamericana.

May 8, 2009: Migration and Remittances in Times of Recession: Effects on Latin American Economies (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
This study by the Inter-American Dialogue shows that in 2009 immigrants from Latin America and the Caribbean will remit US$64 billion, down from US$69 billion in 2008. Moreover, the study shows that in 2009, as the crisis worsens, migrants will reduce their flows by as much as 7 percent due to job losses, lower earnings, and slower migration (including continued deportations). This decline is far less damaging than that expected from exports, yet not negligible. The study is based on an analysis of the impact of the economic downturn on family remittances and the subsequent effect that such an impact is expected to have on the Latin American economies.

May 7, 2009: Tackling 'perpetual antagonism'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
"It's like we invited you over for dinner, you walked in and the people that invited you were half drunk and throwing bottles at each other.'' That's Bill Clinton's description of the U.S.-Cuba relationship to The Economist early in his second term.

May 7, 2009: Asegurando futuros: el interés de inversión y estrategia de comercialización para los salvadoreños en el exterior (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Este documento es el resultado de un estudio sobre el mercado salvadoreño de inversión. En particular saca a relucir el interés en invertir de más del veinte por ciento de la comunidad migrante salvadoreña, con una preferencia hacia la inversión en vivienda personal y familiar. El informe introduce además una estrategia que promueve la comercialización de préstamos para la vivienda.

May 5, 2009: Recent Economic and political developments in Brazil
By Landen Romei
“Brazil has risen to a very singular place on the world stage today,” assessed Joel Velasco of the Washington office of the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association. “The question is what does Brazil want to do with this stature?”

May 5, 2009: Latin America's Other Outbreak: The Political Fallout of Argentina's Dengue Fever Epidemic
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy Online
Mexico's swine flu outbreak has captured the world's attention over the past two weeks. But Latin America's other, less-noticed epidemic is not only more severe, but may have more serious consequences for the government struggling to control it.

May 1, 2009: De Kennedy a Obama
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País (Spain)
Estados Unidos busca un nuevo comienzo con Cuba", dijo Barack Obama en la reciente Cumbre de las Américas. "Sé que hay una jornada larga que recorrer para superar décadas de desconfianza", añadió.

May 1, 2009: The Cuban Revolution at 50
By Landen Romei
Fidel Castro is still the central figure of the Cuban Revolution, Pérez-Stable concluded, despite his age and renunciation of the Cuban presidency, he retains a dual title of “the great revolutionary and the great dictator.” He remains a key symbol for the revolution, a role he first performed when he called New York Times journalist, Herbert Matthews to the woods in 1957, recounted DePalma.

May 1, 2009: Siete pasos para mejorar las relaciones Estados Unidos - Colombia (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Perspectiva (Colombia)
Cualesquier políticas y programas que involucren a Colombia se deben llevar a cabo con gran respeto y sensibilidad, en consulta estrecha y en concierto con actores nacionales claves.

May 1, 2009: L’Éducation en Haïti: La Voie du Progrès (PDF)
By PREAL (Laurence Wolff)
Le rapport récent de l’Dialogue Interaméricain/PREAL sur les défis auxquels Haïti est confrontée dans le domaine de l’éducation. Ce rapport défend l’idée selon laquelle les pauvres en Haïti ne pourront progresser sans des améliorations majeures dans l’enseignement. À un moment où les haïtiens et la communauté des bailleurs internationaux travaillent pour offrir des solutions durables allant au delà de la construction et la réparation des écoles, le rapport encourage le gouvernement et les bailleurs à développer un système alliant les secteurs public et privé et à le faire fonctionner au bénéfice des pauvres en Haïti. Il recommande comme premières priorités de mettre l’accent sur l’établissement de normes, de travailler avec le secteur privé tout en le réglementant et de responsabiliser toutes les écoles par rapport à leurs résultats.

May 1, 2009: Web Anthology on Migrant Remittances and Development: Research Perspectives
By Social Science Research Council
This anthology is an experiment in publication. By agreement with the authors and original publishers, the articles provided for free downloading here will be available for one year, until March 2010. At that time we will reassess whether the anthology should and can be continued and, if so, in what form. Most publishers have allowed free access to their publications; some have charged a fee or imposed other restrictions; others have refused to permit open access to their publications on a “third party” website, even for a fee. Readers of this anthology are encouraged to download the articles provided for personal and educational use.

May 1, 2009: La República Dominicana: Una democracia para vivir mejor (PDF)
By Pedro Wilfredo Lozano
La República Dominicana: Una democracia para vivir mejor relata el encuentro celebrado en la Antigua, del 5 al 7 de octubre de 2007, el segundodel proyecto, Diálogos nacionales sobre la democracia en América Latina, patrocinado por el Diálogo Interamericano y la Organización de los Estados Americanos.

April 29, 2009: Behind the Embargo
By Michelle Collins
Source: Embassy
In The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution, author Daniel P. Erikson delves into the long and twisted political relationship between the United States and Cuba, both past and present. Through personal travels and interviews, Mr. Erikson explores the factors that continue to hinder peace, 50 years since the Cuban Revolution, and how the U.S. might react when its 82-year-old leader, Fidel Castro, dies.

April 27, 2009: Atmospherics Dominate Cordial Summit
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Oxford Analytica
US President Barack Obama was the undisputed centre of attention at his first meeting with hemispheric leaders, and it is clear that he enjoys a significant reserve of goodwill. This obscured differences during the Summit and created an opportunity for cooperation impossible under the previous US administration.

April 25, 2009: Colombia: Two decades of the Constitution of 1991, Advances of representation and challenges of governance
By Landen Romei
The Inter-American Dialogue, in partnership with the Organization of American States (OAS) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in Colombia (FESCOL), hosted the fourth national dialogue on democracy in Chinauta, Cundinamarca, Colombia on April 23-25, 2009. The workshop entitled, Colombia: Dos décadas de la Constitución de 1991, Avances de la representación y retos de la gobernabilidad, convened 15 distinguished Colombians representing political parties, civil society, academia, and the military.

April 24, 2009: The Economic Crisis in Latin America: A Spanish Viewpoint
By Daphne Morrison
Enrique Alberola, the head of the International Economics Department at Spain’s Central Bank, spoke at the Dialogue on April 24, addressing the impact of the financial crisis on Latin America from the European perspective, with an emphasis on Spanish-Latin American economic relations.

April 23, 2009: How Much of the G-20's Gift Will Go to Latin America?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Not much has been written about the amounts of money Latin America and the Caribbean can expect to get. The answer to this is both positive and negative. The region's prospects for financing seem good, but the money will be available over several years, and will not fully offset the loss of private flows. The region could have the potential to obtain $180 billion in loans, or about 5 percent of the region's GDP.

April 23, 2009: Haiti: The Immigration Challenge
By Cindy Rivas

April 23, 2009: Obama and Chávez: Energy Partners?
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul J. Wander
Source: Journal of Energy Security
The US and Venezuela are likely to remain embroiled in an unfriendly but effective partnership based on strong northward trade flows of oil and other resources and southward flows of hard currency in the short term. While both sides have complained that the other is not the ideal trading partner, pragmatism trumped political rhetoric during the Bush administration, and Obama is unlikely to be much different in this regard. Still, competition for Latin America’s energy supplies will undoubtedly intensify at a time when many nations are seeking to exercise greater control over their oil and gas reserves. US policymakers need to be vigilant and proactive. The long-term outlook for US energy security will improve if they can fashion a compelling response to the new dynamic created by America’s falling economic power and Latin America’s resurgent nationalism. As with all previous US and Venezuelan administrations before them, Obama and Chavez are fated to be energy partners.

April 22, 2009: Peter Hakim's Guest Entry on Cuba
By Peter Hakim
Source: National Journal
Washington’s 50-year-old policy of isolating and sanctioning Cuba has never accomplished much. Today, it is an anachronism that serves mainly to isolate the United States from the rest of the hemisphere.

April 21, 2009: Después de la Cumbre
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
En estas cinco semanas, la Administración de Obama ha adoptado algunas medidas en relación con casi todos y cada uno de los temas del programa. Los pasos actuales no han sido especialmente dramáticos, de hecho, la mayoría de ellos son muy modestos. Pero, además de varias cuestiones relacionadas con el comercio, todos llevan la política de EE.UU. en la dirección correcta y han sido bien recibidos en toda América Latina (aunque con algunas críticas al ritmo y el alcance de los cambios). He aquí un resumen de lo que ha ocurrido.

April 20, 2009: After the Summit
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
In the intervening five weeks, the Obama Administration has taken some action on nearly every one of the agenda items recommended in the Dialogue's 2009 policy report. The actual steps have not been particularly dramatic; in fact, most of them are very modest. But, aside from several crucial trade-related issues, they all move U.S. policy in the right direction and have been welcomed across Latin America (although with some criticism of the pace and scope of change). Here is a summary of what has happened.

April 20, 2009: Después de la Cumbre
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
En estas cinco semanas, la Administración de Obama ha adoptado algunas medidas en relación con casi todos y cada uno de los temas del programa. Los pasos actuales no han sido especialmente dramáticos, de hecho, la mayoría de ellos son muy modestos. Pero, además de varias cuestiones relacionadas con el comercio, todos llevan la política de EE.UU. en la dirección correcta y han sido bien recibidos en toda América Latina (aunque con algunas críticas al ritmo y el alcance de los cambios). He aquí un resumen de lo que ha ocurrido.

April 18, 2009: Michael Shifter on the Summit of the Americas (Video)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: C-SPAN's Washington Journal
Michael Shifter discussed the Summit of the Americas and answered questions from callers on C-SPAN's Washington Journal program.

April 17, 2009: 'Obama está dispuesto a hablar con sus adversarios'
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Habrá un cambio con respecto a la administración de Bush. Obama es un presidente pragmático dispuesto a hablar con sus adversarios y a buscar maneras de cooperar. Pero no se puede esperar muchas políticas concretas muy drásticas, eso no sería realista.

April 17, 2009: From the G20 to the Summit of the Americas
By Chris Moore
The Inter-American Dialogue produced a video on the transition from the G20 Meeting in London to the Summit of the Americas.

April 17, 2009: Washington-La Habana: la hora de la verdad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
"Al gobierno cubano también le esperan tareas difíciles. Entablar una comunicación discreta con la Administración de Obama implica un toma y daca ineludible. Dada la nueva política sobre las remesas, ¿por qué no eliminar las cuotas impuestas a las remesas en dólares que perjudican a los cubanos que las reciben?"

April 16, 2009: Colombia's Alvaro Uribe -- Return of the South American Strongman?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
The Colombian president threatens to tarnish his nation's democratic traditions by jockeying for a third term.

April 15, 2009: Cuba Policy and US Public Opinion
By Melanie Ciolek
A new WorldPublicOpinion.org poll finds that a majority of Americans feel that it is time to try a “new approach to Cuba.” The study indicates that most of the public (70%) favors lifting the ban on American travel to Cuba and re-establishing diplomatic relations (a 69% majority of Americans). Freedom for Americans to travel to Cuba is broadly supported by Republicans (62%), Democrats (77%), and independents (66%).

April 14, 2009: ¿Qué destino le depara a la alianza?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la red
Los caminos de Cuba y Venezuela se han cruzado muchas veces. A principios de la década de los sesenta, La Habana respaldó a grupos armados contra gobiernos venezolanos democráticamente electos.

April 14, 2009: Press Roundtable: Obama's Trip to Mexico and the Summit of the Americas
By Daphne Morrison
Sidney Weintraub of the Center for Strategic and International Studies joined the Dialogue’s Claudio Loser, Michael Shifter, Dan Erikson and Peter Hakim for a press roundtable discussion on the Summit and Obama’s trip to Mexico on Tuesday, April 14.

April 13, 2009: AL agora diz o que pensa
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
Especialista em relações internacionais Peter Hakim crê que era Obama vai permitir a construção de agenda conjunta entre AL e EUA.

April 9, 2009: What awaits the Cuba-Venezuela alliance?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba and Venezuela have often crossed paths. In the early 1960s, Havana abetted armed groups against democratically elected Venezuelan governments. Meddling in Venezuela's affairs, in part, determined Cuba's 1962 suspension from the Organization of American States. Caracas and Havana stood at irreconcilable odds afterward.

April 8, 2009: Lagos: Obama Should Engage Latin American Leaders in Global Agenda
By Matthew Schewel
On Wednesday, April 8, from 4:30 to 6:00 p.m., the Dialogue and the Foundation for the Americas jointly sponsored a a discussion on the Fifth Summit of the Americas with former president Ricardo Lagos of Chile, OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza, Inter-American Development Bank President Luis Alberto Moreno and former US Special Envoy for the Americas, Thomas F. McLarty, at the University of California Washington Center.

April 8, 2009: The Promise of Port of Spain
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
In light of Washington’s continued distraction with other issues and the refreshing temperament of the new US president, new opportunities are emerging. Unlike in the past, little stands in the way of open and honest discussions on even the most sensitive issues in the Americas.

April 8, 2009: Promesa de Puerto España
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
A la luz de las continuas distracciones de Washington con otros asuntos, y al temperamento refrescante del nuevo presidente, aparecen nuevas oportunidades. A diferencia del pasado, hay pocos obstáculos en el camino hacia una discusión abierta y honesta sobre los temas más sensibles del continente.

April 5, 2009: Luz, afinal?
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
A reunião do G-20 em Londres está sendo saudada com alívio. Finalmente os líderes mundiais começam a acertar o passo.

April 3, 2009: Política, viajes y remesas
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Un cambio en la política de Estados Unidos hacia Cuba se aproxima. Cuánto demorará —si el presidente Barack Obama simplemente sigue la política del gobierno de Bill Clinton o decide romper el molde— aún no está claro.

April 2, 2009: Havana Holiday? Senate proposal to lift travel ban on Cuba
By Jon Scott
Source: Fox News

April 1, 2009: The Obama Administration and the Americas: Agenda for Change (PDF)
By Brookings Institution
Several of the Inter-American Dialogue’s staff and members contributed to a new Brookings Institution volume, The Obama Administration and the Americas: Agenda for Change, featuring recommendations for how the Obama administration should approach several key countries in the hemisphere.

April 1, 2009: Las batallas de Obama (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
El comienzo de Obama no ha sido cualquier cosa. Todas las expectativas se han quedado cortas. Por algo el autor dice que ya está claro que habemus líder en Estados Unidos. La crisis es un mal punto de partida pero a la vez puede ser la oportunidad para el cambio prometido.

April 1, 2009: The Battles of Obama
By Michael Shifter
The economic crisis led to a poor start for the Obama administration, but it may turn out to be an opportunity to transform the country.

April 1, 2009: President Obama and the OAS (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Américas
What is unfortunately seldom asked is how Obama will deal with the inter-American system and, specifically, the Organization of American States. The fact is that it is hard to separate the specific policy challenges facing the United States in Latin America from those facing the hemisphere’s institutional architecture.

April 1, 2009: El Presidente Obama y la OEA (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Américas
Desafortunadamente pocas veces se plantea la forma en que Obama enfrentará el sistema interamericano, y específicamente la Organización de los Estados Americanos. Resulta difícil separar los desafíos específicos de política de los Estados Unidos de los que enfrenta la arquitectura institucional del hemisferio.

April 1, 2009: Hometown Associations: Transnationalism, Philanthropy, and Development (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Eugenia García-Zanello
Source: Brown Journal of World Affairs
Transnational migration and globalization have transformed the relationship between individuals and their surrounding communities, particularly between migrants, their homelands, and their host countries. In the context of this new transnationalism, new players have emerged, expanding the scope of international interaction. One such player is the hometown association (HTA) formed by immigrants seeking to support their places of origin, maintain relationships with local communities, and retain a sense of community as they adjust to life in their new home countries.

April 1, 2009: 2008 Program Report (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
A summary overview of the Inter-American Dialogue’s work in 2008.

March 31, 2009: Cuba travel ban may be lifted
By Jim Acosta
Source: CNN
Daniel P. Erikson interviewed on CNN on the prospects for change in travel restrictions to Cuba.

March 30, 2009: "Obama será sensible al efecto de la crisis en Latinoamérica"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
En las reuniones con presidentes del continente que se realizarán en Trinidad y Tobago no se pueden esperar, por ahora, cambios radicales, según explica Michael Shifter, analista de prestigio, catedrático, periodista y consultor del Congreso. A su juicio Obama no divide el mundo en amigos y adversarios, no podrá avanzar en la posible reforma migratoria, aún busca entender los desafíos hemisféricos y oirá los planteos sobre Cuba. Por ahora el comercio no tendrá prioridad, pero dará especial atención a los efectos de la crisis.

March 28, 2009: El narco en la agenda bilateral
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal
México atrajo la atención de la administración Obama, aunque no de la manera en que a muchas personas les habría gustado. En las próximas semanas, el presidente Obama y tres miembros de su gabinete —Hillary Clinton, Eric Holder y Janet Napolitano— visitarán el Distrito Federal. Todos ellos tienen como objetivo primordial decidir qué hacer respecto del implacable aumento de la violencia y la delincuencia en nuestro vecino del sur y al tráfico masivo de drogas y armas que la promueven.

March 28, 2009: Violent Mexico
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal
In the next few weeks, President Obama and three US cabinet secretaries—Hillary Clinton, Eric Holder, and Janet Napolitano—will be paying visits Mexico City. All of them have the central purpose of figuring out what to do about the relentless surge of crime and violence now confronting our Southern neighbor, and the massive drug and arms trafficking that fuels it. The focus is correct. Besides the devastating impact on Mexico, this exceptionally brutal crime wave threatens the US in myriad ways. But, when they sit down with their Mexican counterparts, the US leaders must be clear about what it will take to restore law and order to Mexico.

March 26, 2009: Policy improving but could be better
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Change is coming in U.S. Cuba policy. How much -- whether the president will simply go back to the Clinton administration's or, instead, step outside the box -- is not yet clear. The recent Omnibus Appropriations Act inches along in the right direction but falls well short of what candidate Barack Obama promised last year: "I will immediately allow unlimited family travel and remittances to the island." Still, the act gives the administration breathing room to carry out a much-needed review of Cuba policy.

March 23, 2009: "Muchos cubanos quiren vivir en el pasado o en el futuro, no en el presente"
By Isabel Ferrer
Source: El Pais (Spain)
Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea tienen un objetivo común: normalizar sus relaciones con Cuba, pero tratan de alcanzarlo a ritmos diferentes. Según el politólogo estadounidense Daniel P. Erikson, miembro del centro independiente de pensamiento Inter-American Dialogue, Washington preferiría que el régimen de Raúl Castro se viniera abajo dando paso a una rápida transición democrática. La Europa comunitaria, mientras, busca un cambio gradual y respetuoso con las libertades democráticas. Para ambas potencias, el papel del exilio cubano a la hora de diseñar el futuro del país resultará inevitable, aunque, de nuevo, ponen énfasis distintos.

March 23, 2009: A Second Chance: U.S. Policy in the Americas (video)
By Chris Moore
The Inter-American Dialogue produced a video on the report "A Second Chance: U.S. Policy in the Americas," and its recommendations for a new U.S. policy agenda in the Americas.

March 20, 2009: Daniel P. Erikson "Es el momento decisivo"
By Pablo Gámez-Cersosimo
Source: Radio Nederland
Cuba es la uva que todos quieren degustar. El ajetreo en América Latina de acercarse a La Habana evidencia un importante cambio de postura en el continente respecto del régimen de los Castro, en momentos en que Washington proyecta cambios estructurales de su política hacia la Isla.

March 19, 2009: Obama recibe a Lula en la Casa Blanca
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Los frutos del encuentro Obama-Lula son simbólicos de una relación renovada y una mayor disposición por ambas partes, aunque el contexto desastroso global limita las posibilidades reales de lograr a corto plazo grandes ventajas para Brasil. El inicio de un nuevo dialogo entre los dos países y nuevas vías de colaboración en el terreno de la energía no es nada despreciable, aunque algunos esperaban más.

March 18, 2009: Kent on Canada: Priorities and Goals in the Region
By Maïté Hostetter
Canadian Minister of State for the Americas, Peter Kent, spoke at a discussion entitled, Canada’s Policies and Priorities in Latin America and the Caribbean, on March 18.

March 17, 2009: Book Review of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution"
By Anita Snow
Source: Associated Press
This book should be required reading for officials reviewing Cuba policy for President Obama's new administration. Erikson, a Cuba specialist with the Inter-American Dialogue think tank in Washington, has written the most thorough, insightful and fair-handed account available about the relationship between the two countries over the past decade.

March 16, 2009: Panel on the Obama Administration and Latin America (Video)
By Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter was a featured speaker at an event in the Dominican Republic sponsored by FUNGLODE and attended by Dialogue member President Leonel Fernández.

March 12, 2009: US Officials Say Bilateral Issues Shouldn't Degrade Summit Diplomacy
By Matt Schewel and Paul Wander
The top US diplomat for Latin America on Thursday said the presence of US President Barack Obama at the Fifth Summit of the Americas, slated for this April in Trinidad and Tobago, will be a “crucial moment in the history of summitry,” but that divisive issues shouldn’t be allowed to “degrade the quality of diplomatic dialogue.”

March 12, 2009: Big Mac in the Americas: Cheaper, But Not Cheap
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
The Big Mac (The Economist's version) is back in this column after only a few months. However, many things have changed since September. This time, I want to review how the region's price competitiveness looks today, less than a year after the world financial crisis started.

March 11, 2009: Más que caminos trillados
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Con una relación estratégica, ambos países se beneficiarían de un proceso de consulta y cooperación. Aunque pocos países son tan importantes para Estados Unidos como lo es México, es muy poco probable que atraiga toda la atención del gobierno de Obama.

March 11, 2009: Cambios ministeriales en Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
"Raúl ha ido ordenando el Estado cubano y eliminando las vías paralelas para la toma de decisiones que su hermano aupaba a expensas de las instituciones. Son pasitos pero pasos al fin. A todas luces, la economía es la primerísima prioridad."

March 11, 2009: The Summit of the Americas: A New Beginning for US Policy in the Region (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Testimony presented before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs at the hearing entitled, “The Summit of the Americas: A New Beginning for U.S. Policy in the Region?” on March 10, 2009.

March 10, 2009: INFORME Diálogo Interamericano propone el intercambio de embajadores
By Fabiola Zerpa
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
El centro de análisis señala que la influencia del Presidente en América Latina disminuirá por la caída del petróleo.

March 10, 2009: A Second Chance: U.S. Policy in the Americas (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
The Inter-American Dialogue’s 2009 policy report offers the Obama administration a ten-point agenda for the Western Hemisphere and emphasizes that, in the coming period, the highest priority challenge for the United States and every other country in the Americas will be the slumping world economy and its social and political fallout.

March 9, 2009: Politics Take Center Stage
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
The best and worst cases of political polarization and reconciliation in Latin America.

March 9, 2009: "Sólo una elite de cubano-americanos mantiene la idea del embargo" (PDF)
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: El Nacional
El director del Programa del Caribe de Diálogo Interamerican aseguró que durante el gobierno del presidente Barack Obama habrá cambios en la política de Washington hacia La Habana, aunque no serán drásticos.

March 8, 2009: Raúl e o 'mel do poder'
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Raúl Castro é considerado o mais pragmático e realista dos irmãos Castros, mas sua corajosa aposta para reformular o governo cubano revela que ele próprio tem grandes ambições. Como Lula está com viagem marcada para Washington, na próxima semana, os eventos registrados em Cuba com certeza estarão na sua agenda. Mas, independentemente das ambições de Lula e Obama com respeito a Cuba, eles não devem esquecer que muitos líderes estrangeiros viram suas esperanças virar pó quando deram de frente com as duras realidades do regime Castro.

March 8, 2009: Raúl and the "honey of power"
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Raúl Castro has long been described as the more pragmatic and realistic of the Castro brothers, but his bold gamble to shake up the Cuban government reveals that he holds powerful ambitions of his own. Now that Lula is scheduled to travel to Washington next week, events in Cuba are sure to be on the agenda. But whatever ambitions Obama or Lula may harbor with respect to Cuba, they should remember that a long line of foreign leaders have seen their hopes for Cuba turn to dust when they collide with the hard realities of the Castro regime.

March 6, 2009: "Bookshelf: Daniel Erikson's 'Cuba Wars' Couldn't Be More Timely (PDF)
By Vito Echeverria
Source: CubaNews
Published by Bloomsbury Press, "Cuba Wars" details the multilevel conflict between the U.S. government and Castro as Washington racks up a long track record of failed diplomatic, legislative, propaganda and financial efforts to spark regime change in Cuba.

March 5, 2009: The Cuban Condition: Migration, Remittances, and its Diaspora (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
As in many other developing countries, migration has become a key component of the Cuban economy. This brief paper presents the results of two random surveys conducted on Cubans in the United States and in Cuba about migration, remittances and ownership of financial assets. The findings are also compared with a previous survey conducted in 2005 and point to a trend of change and continuity.

March 5, 2009: The Cuban Condition: Migration and Remittances (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Presentation from survey release and discussion on remittances to Cuba. Presented on March 5, 2009 at the Inter-American Dialogue, Washington, DC.

March 5, 2009: Cuba Receives More Cash From Workers Abroad
By Joel Millman
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Cuba is bucking a global downturn in migrants' remittances of foreign cash to families back home, according to a report to be released Thursday.

March 5, 2009: Informe revela un crecimiento de las remesas a la Isla
By ..
Source: Cuba Encuentro
Un informe que será divulgado este jueves indica que los cubanos que radican fuera de la Isla han aumentado el envío de dinero a sus familias en un momento en que disminuyen las de los emigrantes en todo el mundo debido a la crisis económica, informó el diario estadounidense The Wall Street Jornal.

March 5, 2009: Remittances to Cuba hold steady, sources diverge
By Paul Wander
Remittances to Cuba remained constant in 2008, but came from increasingly diverse sources and by increasingly informal means, said Manuel Orozco (Inter-American Dialogue) and Katrin Hansing (Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University) at the release of the survey on remittances and migration in Cuba on March 5th at the Inter-American Dialogue.

March 4, 2009: Raúl Castro and Cuba's Global Diplomacy (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, Vol. 18
Cuba's global relations are on the upswing. In the two years since Raúl Castro took power in July 2006, he has ushered in subtle but important changes in Cuba's foreign policy while benefiting from a widely-shared desire on the part of many foreign countries to reach out to Cuba during its moment of transition away from the historic rule of Fidel Castro.

March 3, 2009: Governments in Power Face Difficult Times (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Russia Journal
As growth slows and unemployment increases, the social agenda may well become even more important. I suspect there will be a pattern of defeating incumbent governments and turning to alternatives, moving in the contrary direction.

March 2, 2009: A Promising Reform
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Lost beneath the headlines of bailouts for the housing, financial, and automobile industries is an important change in the organization of the government that could have enormous implications for policy-making in coming years.

March 2, 2009: Un cambio alentador
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Tras los titulares sobre el plan de salvamento, yace un cambio importante en la organización del gobierno que podría tener enormes efectos en las políticas de los años venideros.

March 1, 2009: The Paradox of the 'Good' Student: Race and the Brazilian Education System (PDF)
By PREAL (Marcelo Paixão)
This special report by PREAL aims to promote consideration of the racial inequalities inherent in the educational indicators for the Brazilian population. The pronounced asymmetries experienced by different racial groups in terms of their access to and persistence in the Brazilian education system are already well recognized. This report focuses on the premise that educational indicators for whites and blacks are notably and consistently different, overwhelmingly favoring the former group.

March 1, 2009: Efectividad del desempeño docente. Una reseña de la literatura internacional y su relevancia para mejorar la educación en América Latina. (PDF)
By PREAL (Barbara Hunt)
El documento contiene una reseña de la literatura internacional reciente sobre los temas relacionados con la efectividad docente. La primera sección presenta una definición operativa de la “efectividad docente”. Sigue un panorama general de las necesidades educativas, de la situación de los docentes y de su formación en los países latinoamericanos. La tercera sección destaca distintos abordajes para definir y medir la efectividad docente, mientras que la cuarta reseña lo que dice la literatura sobre cómo mejorar la efectividad docente. La quinta sección lleva al contexto latinoamericano los hallazgos de la literatura internacional en estas materias. El documento concluye con una propuesta de definición de efectividad docente.

February 28, 2009: Interview of Manuel Orozco with Robert Meins at OAS conference
By Manuel Orozco
Manuel Orozco of the Inter-American Dialogue speaks on remittance and decentralization with comments from MIF remittance specialist Robert Meins. They spoke at the Hemispheric Forum "The Consequences of the Decentralization Process and the Challenges to Democratic Governance".

February 28, 2009: Book Review of "Russian-Cuban Relations Since 1992: Continuing Camaraderie in a Post-Soviet World" (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Cuban Affairs
When Russian naval vessels were steaming towards Cuba last November even as a young Democratic senator prepared his transition into the White House, those with a sense of history could be forgiven for feeling a certain sense of vertigo. The warm embrace between Havana and Moscow at a moment when America faced grave uncertainty at home and abroad recalled the unsettling specter of a very different era, when such a development would have put the United States on high alert and perhaps posed a serious threat to the future of the nation itself.

February 28, 2009: Book Review of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution" (PDF)
By Cristina López-Gottardi
Source: Cuban Affairs
The fiftieth anniversary of the Cuban Revolution and the landmark U.S. presidential elections of 2008 mark an opportune time to reflect upon the state of U.S.-Cuban affairs. Cuba’s strained relationship with the United States dates to the turn of the century following the Spanish-American War and the initiation of the Platt Amendment in 1902. Cold War politics elevated Cuba’s status on the U.S. agenda as the country transitioned into a de facto Soviet satellite state. And by the 1980s, the ascendance of a hard-line U.S. approach under President Ronald Regan displayed the growing influence in national politics of the Cuban-American lobby. Today, while Cuba is no longer of major strategic importance to the U.S., it remains a disproportionately significant foreign policy consideration. Controversy surrounding U.S. policy towards the island continues to incite deep feelings from both sides of the Florida Straits.

February 27, 2009: The U.S. and Cuba: Counter-narcotics Partners?
By Chloe Brown
Increased US-Cuba counter-narcotics cooperation could be a major boon to future national security for both countries, according to Rens Lee, senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute. Lee presented the findings of his recent paper on Cuba’s national and international drug policies during a discussion at the Inter-American Dialogue with Frank Mora, of the National War College, and Randy Beardsworth, of Catalyst Partners.

February 27, 2009: Highlights of the 2008 Latinobarómetro Report
By Leah Allen
The Inter-American Dialogue hosted a discussion featuring Marta Lagos, the executive director of Latinobarómetro, the most widely cited survey on democracy in Latin America, on Friday, February 27th. Javier Corrales, associate professor of political science at Amherst College, offered comments.

February 26, 2009: Mexico's progress in U.S. interest
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
While few countries are as important to the United States, Mexico is unlikely to get the Obama administration's undivided attention.

February 21, 2009: Emerging markets for Rwanda: remittance transfers, its marketplace and financial intermediation (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
This report presents the results of fieldwork analysis on patterns of remittance transfers to Rwanda. The preliminary findings show significant uncertainty about the inflow of money coming into the country from migrants to their families because of relatively limited statistical information, few if none estimates or studies on remittances and diffusiveness of the status of Rwandans abroad. However, using preliminary estimates accompanied by Central Bank data as well as private sector statistics on remittance flows we identify that the volume may be as high as US$200 million in 2008.

February 20, 2009: Lo que La Habana no hará
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
No hay razones para creer que el gobierno abandonará su enfoque selectivo y sus definiciones sui géneris. El pasado 5 de febrero, el Consejo de Derechos Humanos (CDH) de Naciones Unidas revisó el historial del gobierno cubano. A diferencia de la anterior Comisión de Derechos Humanos de la ONU, el CDH ordena un Examen Periódico Universal (EPU) para todos los Estados miembros.

February 19, 2009: América Latina y el Caribe en la coyuntura económica internacional: ¿cómo sobrevivirá la región?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
Este ARI revisa los antecedentes a la crisis actual en Latinoamérica y el Caribe, en el contexto más general de la crisis global.

February 19, 2009: China and Latin America: Political and Economic Challenges
By Maïté Hostetter
Cooperation between China and Latin America remains possible despite the current international financial crisis, panelists concluded at a 19 February forum featuring Jiang Shixue, the deputy director of the Institute of Latin American Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, and Luiz Pereira da Silva, senior advisor to the World Bank and former deputy finance minister of Brazil.

February 17, 2009: A sort of centrist weighs in on Chavez victory
By Interview with Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Los Angeles Times
Teodoro Petkoff is a former leftist revolutionary and Cabinet minister. He is now editor of Tal Cual, a scrappy Caracas-based alternative newspaper. In highly polarized Venezuela, he is perhaps the closest thing to a centrist commentator.

February 12, 2009: The Outlook for Bolivian Politics under the New Constitution
By Christina Lara
The Inter-American Dialogue and the Washington Office on Latin America hosted a special discussion on February 12th about Bolivian politics following the adoption of a new Constitution in January. The featured speaker was Pablo Solón, Bolivia’s envoy to the United Nations and a close adviser to President Evo Morales.

February 12, 2009: Cuba lacks respect for human rights
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Feb. 5, the U.N. Human Rights Council (HRC) reviewed the Cuban government's record. Unlike the old U.N. Commission on Human Rights, the HRC mandates a Universal Periodic Review (UPR) for all member states.

February 10, 2009: A la espera de un futuro mejor
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Hace cincuenta años los cubanos se regocijaron con la caída de Fulgencio Batista. Hoy la alegría no es la emoción que predomina. Otros sentimientos —la apatía, la ira, la desesperación y el amargo resentimiento— están en nuestros corazones. La pérdida y la tristeza (por las vidas perdidas, las familias separadas, la fe rota del pueblo) son sobrecogedoras. Sólo la Cuba oficial celebra y se maravilla por las décadas transcurridas desde ese, tan lejano ya, primero de enero.

February 10, 2009: La política energética ejemplar de Brasil
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
Brasil es el único país en el hemisferio que ha reducido considerablemente no sólo su dependencia excesiva de las fuentes externas de energías fósiles, sino también su dependencia en energías fósiles en sí mismas.

February 6, 2009: US House Subcommittee Examines Latin American Alliances
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
During a hearing to examine policy options for Latin America under the Obama Administration, a US House subcommittee earlier this week debated the extent to which the US should engage countries that are seen as unfriendly to US interests.

February 5, 2009: Mejor dentro del euro que fuera
By Paul Isbell and Federico Steinberg
Source: El Pais (Spain)
El auténtico dilema de la economía española no es mantenerse o no en la moneda común, sino aumentar la productividad y la competitividad de las exportaciones e impulsar la inversión en educación y en innovación.

February 4, 2009: US, Mexico Must Expand Efforts to Fight Human Trafficking
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Landen Romei
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to the International Labor Organization, there are 12.3 million people in forced labor and sexual servitude around the world. However, other non-profit organizations estimate that the number is closer to 27 million and growing, especially in Latin America. Since the passage of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) in 2000, the United States has dedicated millions of dollars to protect victims of contemporary slavery worldwide.

February 1, 2009: Perdidos na Crise
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
A redução da riqueza global oferece a todos, inclusive e principalmente aos governos, a chance de repensar o futuro. Ou se aumentam as regulações financeiras globalmente (sem sufocar a capacidade de inovação, mãe do desenvolvimento) e se repensa o modelo cultural de consumismo desenfreado e de dilapidação da natureza, ou a retomada de amanhã pode ser ainda mais danosa do que foi a etapa que se está esgotando.

February 1, 2009: Book Reviews: Has the Cuban Moment Arrived? (PDF)
By William W. Finan Jr.
Source: Current History
An ailing Fidel Castro has quit. Cuban-Americans' views have softened. The author of a new book suggests the time has come to end America's isolation of the island.

February 1, 2009: Can Obama End "The Cuba Wars?"
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Focal Point, Vol. 8, Issue 1
When Barack Obama won the White House last November, he pledged to focus on the two wars in Afghanistan and Iraq that continue to dominate the U.S. foreign policy agenda. But the peculiar results of his election have also positioned him to quickly end a third war that has been smoldering in the Straits of Florida for nearly a half a century: the long cold war between the U.S. and Cuba.

February 1, 2009: Book Review: Cuba Wars by Daniel Erikson (PDF)
By Greg Lestikow
Source: Journal of International Policy Solutions
"Cuba Wars" attempts to look into Cuba's future by analyzing its past. After so many years of conflict and missed opportunities under Fidel's watch, it seems that even Cuba experts are confused by what Raúl Castro's succession signifies, and only time will tell whether the author's prediction for the promises of the "Next Revolution" are warrented. What is certain is that Daniel Erikson has compiled an important tools for analyzing Cuba and the nation's relationship with it's giant neighbor to the north. More importantly, he makes an appeal for compassion to both sides, calling for U.S. and Cuban leaders to find a way out of this seemingly interminable cold war. This is a must-read for students of Cuba and Latin America, as well as any reader interested in learning about the repercussions of power politics and the misled policies that often result.

February 1, 2009: Media and Governance: A Reform Agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
In January 2008, the Inter-American Dialogue organized an intensive, full-day workshop to review a set of challenges facing the media in Latin America and the Caribbean and to begin to think about ways to enable the press to be a more positive force for democracy in the region. The conference was specifi cally concerned with four issues: government laws and regulations regarding the media, concentration of media ownership, indirect censorship, and the nexus of media responsibility and the quality of democracy.

February 1, 2009: No Longer Washington's Backyard (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Current History
As Brazil’s mega-summit in December made clear, nations in a transformed region are demanding treatment befitting serious countries with global interests and ambitions.

February 1, 2009: Latin Primer (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Monocle (United Kingdom)
Latin Americans know the region won't be Barack Obama's top priority. But they do expect he will be less patronising than his predecessors.

February 1, 2009: Media and Governance: A Reform Agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean
By Daphne Morrison
The role of the media and its increasingly complex relationship to democracy in the Latin American and Caribbean region was the subject of a meeting on January 15, 2008. The Inter-American Dialogue convened some 40 journalists, editors, scholars, advocates, and government officials from more than 15 countries for a day-long conference in Washington, DC.

February 1, 2009: Política y Crisis Económica en América Latina (PDF)
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: Andean Democracy Research Network
La crisis y recesión económica global que estalló en setiembre de 2008 toca a todos los países del planeta. No hay territorios blindados. Es éste el contexto en el que estalló la actual crisis y recesión global y en base a la cual se abren interrogantes sobre los efectos económicos y políticos de la misma en la región latinoamericana.

February 1, 2009: ¿Cuál puede ser el rol internacional para América Latina?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Foro Europa - América Latina

February 1, 2009: Um aliado fora da agenda americana (PDF)
By Marsilea Gombata
Source: Jornal do Brasil

February 1, 2009: EU Returns Directive: impact on migrants and remittances (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Elisabeth Burgess
Source: E-Finance & Payments Law & Policy
The EU Returns Directive, approved last year, is designed to harmonise laws amongst Member States requiring them to return non-EU migrants to their home countries or offer them legal status. Manuel Orozco and Elisabeth Burgess of the Remittances and Development Program of the Inter-American Dialogue - a non-profit policy analysis organisation - examine the impact that the Directive will have on migrant labour flows in the European Union Member States, including on remittance products.

January 29, 2009: Populists intent on destroying democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Except for the past 25 years, democracy -- at minimum, civil liberties, separation of powers, free elections -- has mostly been a stranger in Latin America. Until the 1950s, traditional, strong-man dictatorships were, more often than not, the norm. In the 1960s, ''modern,'' institutional dictatorships entered the stage. Then, beginning in the late 1970s, democratic waves swept away these military regimes. But that's not the whole story. Populism -- el pueblo as the beneficiary of government policies -- left a deep imprint in the region's political culture. Leaders such as Juan Domingo Perón and Getúlio Vargas opened the politics of Argentina and Brazil to include workers and improve their lives. In that sense, this first-generation populism initially did well in Latin America.

January 29, 2009: Stimulus Packages: How Much Can the Region Afford?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
John Maynard Keynes, long relegated to history books describing his fundamental contributions to macroeconomics, has returned with a vengeance. Everybody has become a Keynesian, even some of us recalcitrant Friedmaniacs. Fortunately, we now know that in times of crisis, large countries can stick both to government spending stimuli (as Keynes proposed) and an adequately ample supply of money in times of financial implosion (as Friedman discovered).

January 29, 2009: Fitch: "The Party's Over" for Latin America
By Paul Wander
Latin American countries may be better positioned to withstand this year’s worsening global economic conditions than in the past, but analysts at an Inter-American Dialogue round table discussion on January 29 said that the depth and duration of the current crisis will be strong enough to undo any positive trends and expose weaknesses in several economies in the coming period.

January 28, 2009: At 50, the Cuban Revolution is Facing a Mid-life Crisis
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Latin American Advisor
A half century has passed since a 32-year-old Fidel Castro led a small band of rebels to triumph during the 1959 Cuban Revolution, ousting the unpopular and corrupt regime of Fulgencio Batistia. But the revolution has also demonstrated an impressive ability to adapt and survive that cannot be easily dismissed. Obama is the 11th American president to confront the foreign policy challenges posed by the Cuban Revolution, and if history is any guide, he will not be the last.

January 28, 2009: At 50, the Cuban Revolution is Facing a Mid-Life Crisis
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
On January 1, 2009, the Cuban Revolution that brought the Castro regime to power marked its 50th anniversary. A half century has passed since a 32-year-old Fidel Castro led a small band of rebels to triumph during the 1959 Cuban Revolution, ousting the unpopular and corrupt regime of Fulgencio Batistia.

January 27, 2009: Insulza: Obama Must Create Policy With Countries, Not For Them
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
When US President Barack Obama sits down with hemispheric leaders at the Summit of the Americas in April, a first step towards improving relations with Latin America will be to lend an open ear to the region's concerns, said Secretary General of the Organization of American States Jose Miguel Insulza on Monday

January 24, 2009: Obama Closes the Famous Prison on Guantánamo
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
President Barack Obama’s decision to close the detention center for suspected Al Qaeda operatives at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba represented the fulfillment of his campaign pledge and the repudiation of the Bush administration’s questionable legal practices during the “war on terror” that unfolded following the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

January 24, 2009: Sai a prisão, fica a encrenca
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Obama não tem planos para eliminar a mais antiga base militar americana fora dos Estados Unidos.

January 23, 2009: Women Leaders in the Peace-Building Process
By Christina Lara
On Friday, January 23rd, a panel of four women leaders from Bolivia and Colombia discussed the role of women in promoting a culture of non-violence and peace-building in the region.

January 23, 2009: Castro's 'potential immortality'
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Miami Herald
The flurry of recent rumors surrounding Fidel Castro's admittedly precarious health have once again breathed new life into the macabre but irresistible parlor game that Cuba watchers have been playing for decades: Is the 82-year old Cuban leader about to take his final bow?

January 23, 2009: What is the Potential for Biofuels Production in the Caribbean? (PDF)
By Energy Advisor Staff
The Jamaican government and Brazilian firm Infinity Bio-Energy failed to reach a deal for the company to take control of Jamaica's state-owned sugar plantations by the December 31 deadline, although the company said it hopes to raise the money to fund the takeover by the end of this month. What is the potential of biofuels production in Jamaica and other islands in the historically sugar-rich Caribbean, both for export and domestic electricity generation? Can the region become a viable destination for Brazilian and other foreign capital related to biofuels development?

January 22, 2009: Año electoral
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Se avecina el calendario electoral de América Latina. Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Panamá y Uruguay celebran sus elecciones presidenciales en 2009. En Argentina, México y El Salvador (ya está en marcha), los ciudadanos depositarán sus votos en elecciones legislativas. Bolivia y Venezuela se aprestan a realizar referendos. Esta vez me ocuparé de un grupo y analizaré al otro en otro artículo.

January 21, 2009: Obama will need time and luck
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano (Colombia)
Barack Obama will waste no time tackling the most daunting policy challenges the United States has faced since the 1930s. The economy is in crisis, the country is involved in two wars, and there are trouble spots around the globe. All await action from Washington.

January 21, 2009: Un duro invierno
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
No recuerdo a ningún presidente de los Estados Unidos que durante su discurso inaugural le dedicara tanta atención a las dificultades que enfrenta el país.

January 21, 2009: Obama necesitará tiempo y suerte
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano (Colombia)
Barack Obama no perderá tiempo y empezará a enfrentar los mayores retos que vienen afectando a los Estados Unidos desde la década de los años 30. La economía está en crisis, el país está envuelto en dos guerras y hay lugares problemáticos alrededor del mundo. Todo espera la acción de Washington.

January 15, 2009: IFIs: A Return to the Cycle
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin Business Chronicle
With high financing requirements, access to the international financial institutions will be a necessity for many Latin countries.

January 15, 2009: Electoral contests on 2009 calendar
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
In 2009, Latin America's electoral calendar speeds up. Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama and Uruguay hold presidential elections. In Argentina, Mexico and El Salvador, citizens cast ballots in legislative contests. Referendums are set to take place in Bolivia and Venezuela. I'll highlight a first set here, a second in the Jan. 29 column.

January 12, 2009: Cuba: Past, Present, and Future
By The Kojo Nnamdi Show, National Public Radio
Earlier this month, Cubans celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the Cuban Revolution. With the island facing difficult economic stresses and lingering questions about leadership, we look at Cuba's past, present, and future -- and assess what President-elect Obama will face when he turns his attention to Cuba-American relations.

January 11, 2009: Obama y Latinoamerica
By Carlos Fernando Chamorro, Esta Semana (Nicaragua)
Interview with Manuel Orozco

January 11, 2009: Diálogo mejor y más parejo con Obama
By Ricardo Lagos
Source: Clarín (Argentina)
El gobierno que asumirá en EE.UU. puede ser histórico no sólo para su sociedad, sino también para América latina.

January 7, 2009: Foreign Direct Investment Expected to Weaken This Year
By Alicia Bárcena
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite the current global economic downturn, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) for 2008 is expected to surpass the 100 billion mark for the second consecutive year.

January 5, 2009: Inflation in Latin America: Pressures Are Down But Not Out
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
How things change in a year. By the end of 2007 in this same space it was indicated that "inflation is coming back worldwide in response to an unfortunate combination of higher energy and food prices, and expansionary monetary policy."

January 4, 2009: “El narcotráfico demandará de Obama atención política de alto nivel” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica El Salvador
Este analista del Interamerican Dialogue de Washington cree que el enfoque de Obama en la guerra contra las drogas debe ir más allá del apoyo financiero a programas tradicionales. Pide creatividad e innovación.

January 1, 2009: Cubans here and there still hope for better future
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Fifty years ago Cubans rejoiced in the downfall of Fulgencio Batista. Today joy isn't the overriding emotion. Other feelings -- such as apathy, anger, despair and rancor -- dwell in our hearts. Loss and sadness -- over the lives lost, the families sundered, a people's broken faith -- are overwhelming. Only official Cuba revels and marvels over the decades since that long ago Jan. 1.

January 1, 2009: Cuba on the Verge (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Great Decisions
Cuba today is torn between socialism and capitalism. With the Castro era coming to an end, what is the next step for Cuba? Will U.S. policy change any time soon?

January 1, 2009: Obama & Latin America: Magic or Realism? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: World Policy Journal
While it is too early to know if the presidency of Barack Obama will lead to an important restructuring of inter-American relations, there is little question that the potential for momentous change is in the air. If the Obama presidency follows the pattern of its predecessors, the early warm glow of good feelings will soon give way to a pragmatic understanding on both sides of the relationship regarding the possibilities and limits of what the United States and Latin America can expect of the other.

January 1, 2009: Educación, un desafío de urgencia nacional: Informe de Progreso Educativo, Guatemala 2008 (PDF)
By PREAL / CIEN
El informe nacional es el segundo producido por PREAL y su contraparte guatemalteca, el Centro de Investigaciones Económicas Nacionales (CIEN), y evalúa el estado y progreso del sistema educativo durante los años 2000 a 2006, usando los mejores datos disponibles.

December 29, 2008: Cuba, Castro, and U.S. Foreign Policy
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: PRI's The World
'The World' Anchor Katy Clark speaks with Dan Erikson, author of "The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution," about 50 years of tense relations between the US and Cuba.

December 29, 2008: Medio siglo en Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
Medio siglo. Se dice fácilmente pero no así lo que las décadas transcurridas desde el 1º de enero de 1959 han representado para los cubanos. Entonces, casi un pueblo entero abrazó a los jóvenes barbudos. Por fin, los cubanos lograríamos una Cuba soberana, justa y democrática. La alegría y la esperanza cundían por doquier.

December 28, 2008: "No esperen un gobierno de izquierda con Barack Obama"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
Latinoamérica no será prioridad en el nuevo gobierno de Estados Unidos, de Barack Obama. Brasil capeará el temporal financiero mejor que Argentina, y Uruguay se verá afectado por los problemas de sus vecinos y por las bajas de los precios de los productos de exportación. El vicepresidente del instituto Diálogo Interamericano definió al presidente electo como un hombre "pragmático" y de "mente fría". Pero, asismismo, opinó que muchos se decepcionarán si piensan que con él llega un gobierno de sesgo izquierdista.

December 28, 2008: Between Anxiety and Hope
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
The New Year in the US will be greeted with a mix of deep anxiety and great hope.

December 28, 2008: Uma Carcomida Relíquia da Guerra Fria
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Assim especialista em relações internacionais define embargo a Cuba, anacronismo do qual os EUA já poderiam ter se livrado desde o colapso da URSS. Entrevista exclusiva com Daniel Erikson, Coordenador do Inter-American Dialogue e autor do livro The Cuba Wars, recém-lançado nos EUA.

December 28, 2008: Obama's Cabinet
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Although questions about policy positions persist, the complete selection of his cabinet and high-level advisors offers clues about what the US and world can expect over the next four years.

December 28, 2008: El gabinete de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Persisten los interrogantes sobre sus posturas políticas, pero la completa elección de su gabinete y el alto nivel de sus asesores ofrecen pistas sobre lo que E.U. y el mundo pueden esperar en los próximos cuatro años.

December 27, 2008: Entre la ansiedad y la esperanza (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
El nuevo año en Estados Unidos será saludado con una mezcla de profunda ansiedad y gran esperanza.

December 26, 2008: Ainda sobre previsões
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Em comentário recente, registrei que, mais do que nunca, o exercício de fazer previsões se torna cada vez mais problemático, particularmente para o ano de 2009.

December 24, 2008: Haiti's Unraveling Will Pose Test for President-elect Obama
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
Haiti's slow but steady climb out of its political and economic abyss was severely jeopardized in 2008 by a series of internal and external shocks. In the spring, escalating food prices prompted widespread riots as the population pushed back against a 40 percent rise in the costs of basic food commodities, which cut deeply into the standard of living for a population where most people subsist on less than two dollars per day.

December 24, 2008: Latin America Faces 'Remarkable Deceleration' in Growth
By Alfredo Coutino
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin America has shown a strong resilience to the international crisis. During 2008 the region's performance did not show major signs of deceleration. In fact, in the first half of the year, the region performed at a speed similar to that of one year before.

December 23, 2008: Compromiso o confrontación
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El 20 de enero de 2009, Barack Obama asumirá la presidencia de Estados Unidos. Tiene programado viajar a Trinidad y Tobago, del 17 al 19 de abril, a la Cumbre de las Américas. Con toda certeza será recibido calurosamente, pero Obama pudiera enriquecer ese entusiasmo si antes de viajar pusiera fin a todas las restricciones impuestas a los viajes y las remesas de los cubanoamericanos. Sería una clara señal de que su gobierno saldría de la rutina política en relación con Cuba.

December 22, 2008: Del american dream a la crisis financiera global (PDF)
By Nora Lustig y Jorge Mariscal
Source: Nexos (Mexico)
La mañana del 17 de julio de 2007 los mercados financieros norteamericanos se despertaron con la noticia de que dos de los fondos administrados por Bear Sterns, uno de los bancos de inversión más grandes de los Estados Unidos, estaban en serios problemas a causa de sus inversiones en instrumentos financieros basados en deudas hipotecarias “subprime” o de baja calidad crediticia. Esta fue una de las primeras señales de las dificultades enfrentadas por esta compañía, que ocho meses después sería rematada a JP Morgan, y por el resto del sistema financiero global, que poco más de un año después se encontraba en la peor crisis desde la Gran Depresión.

December 19, 2008: Latinoamérica: Me llega la crisis
By Interviews with members of the Andean Working Group
Source: Ideele (Peru)
Hace poco se realizó en Lima la reunión del Andean Working Group, promovida por Diálogo Interamericano, en la que participaron destacados especialistas de diferentes partes de Latinoamérica. Ideele conversó con Teodoro Petkoff de Venezuela, César Montúfar de Ecuador, José Miguel Vivanco de Chile, George Gray de Bolivia y el latinoamericanista canadiense Hal Klepak sobre la situación en que nos halla la crisis global, cuán preparados estamos y cuál es la actualidad política, social y de derechos humanos en Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Cuba y Colombia.

December 18, 2008: United States has "unique window of opportunity" to help Mexico
By Chloe Brown
According to Pamela Starr of the University of Southern California, “Mexico won’t leap forward in the next few years, but it won’t free fall either…. Mexico is unlikely to generate the jobs needed to encourage growth or mitigate migration flows, and the security challenge is likely to get worse before it gets better.” Starr presented the major conclusions of her upcoming Pacific Council for International Relations report on Calderon's first two years in office during a discussion at the Inter-American Dialogue that focused on near-term security and economic challenges for the bilateral U.S.-Mexico relationship. Andrew Selee of the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Mexico Institute and Eduardo Zepeda of the Carnegie Endowment and UNDP also contributed to the panel.

December 18, 2008: Awaiting a new policy on Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Jan. 20, 2009, Barack Obama will finally assume the U.S. presidency. On April 17-19, he's scheduled to travel to Trinidad and Tobago for the Summit of the Americas. Though he's sure to be warmly greeted, Obama can add to the warmth if he has ended all restrictions on Cuban-American travel and remittances before going. It'd be a clear signal that his administration doesn't mean business as usual on Cuba.

December 18, 2008: El Estilo Obama (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Caretas (Peru)
Caretas lo entrevistó el viernes 12 en su breve paso por Lima para participar en un panel internacional en el Instituto de Estudios Peruanos. Esto es lo que piensa sobre las futuras relaciones de EE.UU. con América Latina.

December 17, 2008: Presidente electo Barack Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
El analista Michael Shifter, uno de los primeros en darse cuenta de las posibilidades políticas de Obama, reflexiona sobre los principales hechos y nombramientos que se están produciendo en este importantísimo periodo de transición, que va desde la victoria hasta el inicio del nuevo gobierno.

December 17, 2008: President-elect Barack Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
President-elect Barack Obama. That term comes naturally, and is universally used today in the United States, even by voters who preferred John McCain. Unless my memory is failing, I don’t remember president-elect George Bush, president-elect Bill Clinton, president-elect Ronald Reagan or president-elect Jimmy Carter being used too often in the “transition” period, immediately following their victories and before inauguration day. All were referred to as governor. But since November 4, 2008, senator Obama has been spontaneously replaced by president-elect Obama.

December 15, 2008: El Perú globalizado: Éxito económico con fracturas sociales (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú en el siglo XXI
Pese a que siguen existiendo retos importantes, los niveles de crecimiento del Perú, así como su inmersión en la economía global, han contribuido al verdadero progreso y la estabilidad. La enraizada pobreza del país –que sigue aumentando en ciertas regiones– revela que importantes segmentos de la población están siendo excluidos de los beneficios del espectacular crecimiento del país. Sólo tres de cada diez peruanos aprueban la actuación de Alan García, e, implícitamente, la dirección que está tomando el país; esto quiere decir que los reacios problemas sociales podrían hacer que descarrile la estrategia del gobierno de una mayor globalización como solución a los problemas sociales.

December 15, 2008: Un Gabinete para la guerra economica (PDF)
By Claudio Loser
Source: Revista Vientetres
El presidente electo de los Estados Unidos se enfrenta con uno de los retos económicos más críticos que ese país haya tenido en varias generaciones. Probablemente sus abuelos (y para algunos de nosotros nuestros padres) hayan sufrido las consecuencias de la Depresión del período 1929-33, pero los Estados Unidos no han tenido una crisis financiera de la magnitud actual desde entonces.

December 12, 2008: Las tendencias de las remesas familiares y significado para República Dominicana ante los cambios en la economía mundial (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Presentación en powerpoint del evento en FUNGLODE el 12 de diciembre 2008.

December 12, 2008: Migración y Remesas en República Dominicana: Sinopsis de los resultados de la última encuesta sobre remesas y migración realizada en Septiembre 2008 (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Presentación en powerpoint de la encuesta.

December 12, 2008: Remesas, Migración y Banca en República Dominicana: Encuesta Nacional y Resultados Generales (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Presentación en powerpoint de la encuesta.

December 12, 2008: Dominican remittances not likely to fall significantly
By Dialogue staff
New survey results show the significance of remittances to the economy of the Dominican Republic and analysis of those results by the Dialogue's Manuel Orozco suggests that remittance levels are unlikely to fall, even in the face of a declining world economic situation. The results and analysis come from a recent survey of remittance and migration trends conducted by the Inter-American Dialogue.

December 12, 2008: Confuso triple juego hispano-ruso-argentino
By Paul Isbell
Source: Infolatam
La entrada de Lukoil tanto en España como en Argentina sólo debería verse como un desarrollo positivo. El futuro del mundo pasa por la integración y la dependencia mutua, pese a lo que pueda parecer. Aunque las lenguas doradas van a empujar a la muerte un argumento puramente nacionalista - da igual desde donde salgan - no nos deberíamos dejar caer en esta trampa.

December 12, 2008: Fifteenth Meeting of Andean Working Group Held in Lima
By Dan Joyce

December 10, 2008: Chávez es su peor amigo
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El 23 de noviembre, Hugo Chávez ganó el 75% de los cargos que se disputaban en las elecciones locales, regionales y estatales. Sus candidatos consiguieron 5,4 millones de votos en el país y la oposición obtuvo 4,4 millones. Los chavistas se impusieron en 17 de las 22 contiendas gubernamentales en la lid electoral.

December 10, 2008: What to Expect from the Obama Administration
By Dan Joyce
According to Michael Shifter, vice president for policy at the Inter-American Dialogue, Latin America will not be a priority for the incoming Obama administration, given the numerous other pressing issues, like the economy, health care, Afghanistan, and Iraq.

December 9, 2008: Colombian para-politics scandal sours democratic governance
By Allison Fritz
“Para-politics is no longer an academic hypothesis, but a judicially proven fact” stated Claudia López, an investigative journalist for Colombia’s El Tiempo who shared her research during an event at the Inter-American Dialogue on December 9, 2008. Her findings indicate a significant penetration by paramilitary groups into Colombia's democratic institutions over the past decade. Scott Wilson, foreign editor for The Washington Post who was based in Bogota until 2004 and followed the para-politics scandal as it came to light, also provided comments.

December 5, 2008: Recessão ou depressão
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo Brazil
A história da presente crise financeira é a história de uma morte anunciada. São incontáveis as referências feitas nos últimos anos aos “déficits gêmeos” da economia americana: na balança comercial e nas contas públicas. Os críticos do governo Bush, com Paul Krugman à frente, cansaram de clamar contra os gastos excessivos nas guerras, combinados com cortes de impostos para as camadas mais ricas da população e com uma política monetária complacente. O que não se conhecia a fundo era o mau uso que bancos e instituições assemelhadas faziam dessa situação de dinheiro farto, acompanhada de desregulamentação financeira. Daí emergiu o monstro da crise, muito mais feio do que se podia imaginar.

December 4, 2008: Possible Costs to the Region of the World Financial Crisis
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Life was to be good for Latin America this year and next. That is what many policy makers in the region wanted—and wanted us—to believe. Delinking was in, and dependency was out. Commodity prices would continue going up and there was no worry about financing. Reserves were high and generally creditworthiness was solid. Problems were hitting only the US and a few other developed countries that had caused the world economic commotion.

December 2, 2008: Nicaragua needs our attention
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: The Miami Herald
With the financial and economic crisis, terrorist violence in Mumbai, a momentous transition in Washington and a more-subtle one occurring more slowly in Havana, it is understandable, but unfortunate, that so little attention has been focused on the electoral and political crisis in Nicaragua.

December 1, 2008: Access to Information in the Americas (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
Since December 2002, the Inter-American Dialogue has organized a series of regional and sub-regional meetings on access to information in Latin America and the Caribbean. The goals have been to advance legislation guaranteeing access to information, share information among advocates and practitioners, and support region-wide efforts to influence Organization of American States (OAS) resolutions on the issue.

December 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by QED.

November 28, 2008: El aterrizaje cubano
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Revista Nexos (México)
Siempre me ha intrigado conocer lo que hablaron Fidel Castro y el Papa Juan Pablo II en la Habana en 1998, porque no estoy seguro de que Fidel creyera en el marxismo y de que Juan Pablo creyera en Dios. Uno ha hecho religión con la política y el otro hizo política con la religión. Pero el pragmatismo, el nacionalismo y el pensarse al frente de “dictaduras bondadosas” les eran comunes. Cuando comenzó la transparencia en la ex Unión Soviética, Cuba suspendió la circulación de las revistas “Sputnik y Novedades de Moscú”. Fidel Castro me dijo entonces: “durante años esas revistas sostuvieron al marxismo leninismo como verdad absoluta y ahora dicen que eso era mentira, es como si el Vaticano distribuyera un catecismo donde dijera que Dios no existe”.

November 27, 2008: Un ligero aire de cambio en Miami
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
El 1 de enero de 2009 se cumple el 50º aniversario de la revolución cubana. Apenas tres semanas después, Barack Obama tomará posesión de la Casa Blanca con sólo un problema en común con los diez presidentes que le antecedieron: un Gobierno en La Habana presidido por uno de los hermanos Castro.

November 24, 2008: Reform in Mexico Forces Debate on Sale of Teaching Positions
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Teaching positions are for sale in Mexico, and have been for decades. Although seldom discussed, the practice—established by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) to reward party loyalists—is apparently widespread. The going price for a teaching position in a public primary school is reported to be between $5,000 and $12,000, depending on locale. Teachers who resign can either sell their positions or pass them on to their children. In at least some cases, local governments and the teachers' union supervise the buying and selling process.

November 22, 2008: América Latina: vulnerable frente a la crisis financiera global
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
Venezuela y Argentina sufren un riesgo particularmente grave por su dependencia en las exportaciones de materias primas, y porque sus economías han sido pobremente administradas y sus acreedores e inversionistas sienten que fueron tratados con dureza.

November 22, 2008: Latin America and the Global Financial Crisis
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal(Mexico)
It was not too many months ago that Latin American governments and financial analysts generally were confident that the quality of the region’s economic management and its solid pace of growth in recent years would enable most countries to withstand a U.S. recession without suffering much damage to their own economies.

November 21, 2008: LATIN AMERICA/US: Obama may mark attitude shift
By Michael Shifter
Source: Oxford Analytica
Obama's election has generated enormous goodwill and enthusiasm in the region, as in the rest of the world. Although many Latin Americans are expecting change from Washington, most understand that Obama and Congress will be consumed by other urgent priorities.

November 21, 2008: At OAS, Evo Morales Calls for an End to US Policies of 'Imposition'
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
In his first ever trip to Washington, Bolivian President Evo Morales thanked the Organization of American States for help that he said prevented civil war in his nation earlier this year. Morales also proved to be a polarizing figure, even on US soil, as a small group of Bolivians assembled outside the OAS protested what they claimed was political repression in the Andean nation.

November 20, 2008: Tasting Identity: Trends in Migrant Demand for Home-Country Goods, Micronote (PDF)
By USAID
This report is a study on the demand for nostalgic goods and the ways in which local ethnic stores support that demand. The study is the first of its kind and is based on a nationwide survey of 1300 individuals from twelve nationalities and interviews with nearly fifty ethnic stores supplying home country goods to migrant populations. The results of the study show that migrants manifest a solid demand that looks for quality and product selection, and relies on a network of stores and importers to satisfy those needs. This demand reflects realities of community building, identity and transnational links. Moreover, the presence of ethnic stores operating across inner city neighborhoods emerge as the interface of global economic links, connecting identity with necessity by selling those products demanded by migrants.

November 20, 2008: Open travel, remittances best course for Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
On Jan. 1, 2009, the Cuban Revolution marks its 50th anniversary. Three weeks later, Barack Obama will step into the Oval Office as the 11th U.S. president to face a Castro-led government in Havana.

November 20, 2008: Tasting Identity: Trends in Migrant Demand for Home-Country Goods, Summary (PDF)
By USAID
This report is a study on the demand for nostalgic goods and the ways in which local ethnic stores support that demand. The study is the first of its kind and is based on a nationwide survey of 1300 individuals from twelve nationalities and interviews with nearly fifty ethnic stores supplying home country goods to migrant populations. The results of the study show that migrants manifest a solid demand that looks for quality and product selection, and relies on a network of stores and importers to satisfy those needs. This demand reflects realities of community building, identity and transnational links. Moreover, the presence of ethnic stores operating across inner city neighborhoods emerge as the interface of global economic links, connecting identity with necessity by selling those products demanded by migrants.

November 14, 2008: Obama y Uribe, la pareja dispareja
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Uribe empezó su mandato con el país en una crisis de seguridad. Obama enfrenta también una crisis sin precedentes, dos guerras en el extranjero y una debacle financiera. Mientras responde a estos retos, E.U. debe reconocer sus múltiples responsabilidades en el escenario global. No es opción volverse hacia sí mismos. Y tampoco lo es alejarse de sus viejos amigos.

November 14, 2008: Obama and Uribe, the Odd Couple
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Their temperaments and outlooks on the world differ sharply, making it unlikely they will replicate the chemistry between George Bush and Uribe or between Bill Clinton and Andrés Pastrana. Nevertheless, Obama and Uribe could well get along better than many observers expect.

November 14, 2008: US Congress to Consider Preferential Trade Status for Paraguay
By Elisabeth Burgess
Source: Latin America Advisor
Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY) this week said he plans to introduce legislation early next year to grant Paraguayan exports duty-free access to the US market. Such trade preferences would give Paraguay similar advantages to those that Andean countries have enjoyed since 1991 under the Andean Trade Preference Act and subsequent Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA), which require countries to cooperate with the US in anti-narcotics efforts.

November 13, 2008: Fox Warns of Isolationism During Times of Economic Crisis
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Former Mexican President Vicente Fox on Tuesday warned against repeating what he said was a crucial mistake of the Great Depression—closing off markets during an economic crisis in an effort to create domestic jobs. Fox, who served as president from 2000 to 2006, has publicly questioned President-elect Barack Obama's views on trade. In an interview with the Latin America Advisor, the former President said any attempt to return to the isolationism and "nationalistic attitudes of the past" would be short-sighted.

November 13, 2008: Haiti's educational foundations
By Michael Lisman and Conor Bohan
Source: guardian.co.uk
If the sad story of College La Promesse is to have a silver lining, however, we can hope that these tragic scenes bring more attention to the less visible disaster of Haiti's education system, which suffers from the same endemic problems that brought down College La Promesse: short-term thinking and a lack of expertise and oversight. The lost opportunity for a decent and dignified life for most of Haiti's youth is not so easily reconstructed.

November 11, 2008: Don't ignore European economic powerhouse
By Paul Isbell
Source: The Miami Herald
With surveys on both sides of the Atlantic showing that Spaniards and Americans are once again viewing each other in an increasingly favorable light, now is the time to turn the page on the past.

November 10, 2008: Economic crisis just one of many intersecting variables determining remittance trends
By Allison Fritz
“At what point can migrants no longer deal with the situation?” This question posed by Robert Meins, Remittance Specialist at Multilateral Investment Fund, Inter-American Development Bank, was central to today’s discussion of Recent Trends in Remittances to Latin America, hosted by the Inter American Dialogue. At issue is the capacity for migrants to endure a recession.

November 10, 2008: A Consagrada Vitoria de Obama
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Imagino há 2/3 anos atrás quem afirmasse que um senador negro de Illinois tornar-se-ia Presidente da grande nação americana, seria taxado de lunático. Se recuássemos mais no tempo, não creio que alguém visionário poderia imaginar que esse fato viesse a ocorrer.

November 9, 2008: El cambio también llega a América Latina (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El presidente electo Barack Obama es un líder de gran inteligencia y disciplina y es muy probable que sea moderado y pragmático en su acercamiento a una complicada agenda doméstica y extranjera.

November 9, 2008: Change also Arrives to Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Obama, a leader of enormous intellect and discipline, is likely to be measured and pragmatic in his approach to a daunting domestic and foreign agenda.

November 7, 2008: Atando Cabos. Presidente Obama, ¿y América Latina?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: Diario La República (Peru)
Pese a la marginalidad del tema "América Latina" en la campaña presidencial, el triunfo de Obama es muy positivo.

November 7, 2008: Timely questions about Colombia, free trade
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''It is going to be part of the president's job to deal with more than one thing at once,'' said candidate Barack Obama in late September amid the financial meltdown. And so it will be for President Obama after his inauguration on Jan. 20, 2009.

November 6, 2008: La fuerza de la matemática
By Paul Isbell
Source: ABC Spain
La matemática terminó siendo demasiado dura para John McCain. Barack Obama ganó por seis puntos (52%-46%) en el voto popular -ligeramente por debajo del promedio final de los sondeos (7,4pp)- y por un margen amplio en el Colegio Electoral (364-174). Este resultado es muy similar al de Bill Clinton en 1992 (+5,5% en el voto popular y 370-168 en el Colegio Electoral), pero es la primera vez desde 1976 que un demócrata ha ganado por mayoría absoluta en el voto popular.

November 5, 2008: Obama frente a Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Probablemente Obama será un gradualista cauto hacia América Latina, que evitará grandes iniciativas como las lanzadas por John F. Kennedy en los 60. La dura realidades que tendrá pocos recursos a disposición.

November 5, 2008: Obama Facing Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Among the many explanations for why Barack Obama was elected president of the United States, one thing is for sure: Latin America played no part.

November 4, 2008: Ansias de cambio
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Una encuesta en Cuba de Freedom House muestra un panorama desolador: La posibilidad de un cambio político genera más ansiedad que esperanza.

November 3, 2008: “La crisis económica tendió a afirmar a los demócratas” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
El analista Michael Shifter dijo a El Observador que McCain no mostró tranquilidad

November 2, 2008: The Challenge in South America
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
That Latin America will not rank high on the agenda is, of course, nothing new. What is new, however, is how the political landscape has been transformed – especially in South America.

November 2, 2008: El reto en Sudamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
“Ambos tienen mucho que aprender sobre cómo América Latina ha cambiado. La preocupación es que cualquiera que gane la elección caerá en viejas formas de tratar a países diseñadas en una era que ya se fue”

November 2, 2008: Eleições e crise
By Fernando H. Cardoso
Source: O Globo Brasil
Apurados os votos, algumas análises se confirmaram. Primeiro, a despeito das imperfeições e críticas, nosso sistema político é, de fato, competitivo. Segundo, a competição se dá menos entre partidos do que entre lideranças. Estas não deixam de estar ligadas a partidos, claro, mas, quando aprovadas nas urnas, não consagram automaticamente seus partidos. Terceiro, por mais que partidos e máquinas governamentais tenham capacidade de arrebanhar votos e por mais que as lideranças possam influir, não decidem os resultados eleitorais, pelo menos nas grandes cidades.

November 2, 2008: "Obama es una figura política extraordinaria"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Perfil (Argentina)
Obama es una figura política extraordinaria, de las que aparecen sólo una vez en cada generación. Tiene una historia personal destacable y es un orador brillante. Su mensaje de cambio resuena en un país donde más del 80% cree que estamos yendo en la dirección equivocada.

November 1, 2008: The Cuba Wars: Fidel Castro, the United States, and the Next Revolution
By Daniel P. Erikson
There are few international relationships that rival in intimacy, passion, and sheer tension that between the Cuba and the United States. In The Cuba Wars, Cuba expert Daniel Erikson draws on extensive visits to Cuba and conversations with both government officials and opposition leaders—plus the key players in Washington and Florida—to offer an unmatched portrait of a small country with very large importance to America.

November 1, 2008: Are Trends in Money Transfers to Latin America Shifting Downward? (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: FOCALPoint (Canada)
With the financial crisis in the United States, speculation about the decline in remittances to Latin America has raised concern about the impact on the economies in Latin America and the Caribbean, particularly among more remittance dependent countries. Such speculation has largely been associated to the decline of flows to Mexico, thus raising questions about the future of these flows on an international scale. However, these speculations may obscure a rather complex reality exclusive to Mexico’s history as well as to basic dynamics of migration and remitting.

November 1, 2008: El aterrizaje cubano
By Joaquín Villalobos
Source: Revista Nexos (México)
Cuba es para los EEUU política doméstica, una “provincia rebelde” y una de sus más persistentes paranoias. No se puede entender al régimen cubano, sino se tiene en cuenta esta patología política estadounidense.

November 1, 2008: Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean: Their Impact on Local Economies and The Response of Local Governments (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Decentralization and the Challenges to Democratic Governance
This report assesses the intersection of remittances with the local economies of five cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. We explore the extent to which these economies effectively absorb remittances into their productive base and the response of the local governments to these realities. The global is local: remittances go to a myriad of places outside capitals and large cities.

November 1, 2008: La Economía Local y las Respuestas de los Gobiernos Ante los Envíos de Remesas en América Latina y el Caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: La Descentralización y los Desafíos para la Gobernabilidad Democrática
El presente informe evalúa la intersección entre las remesas y las economías locales en cinco ciudades de América Latina y el Caribe. Examinamos la medida en que estas economías realmente absorben las remesas en su base productiva y las respuestas de los gobiernos locales a estas realidades. Lo mundial se vuelve local: las remesas se envían a un gran número de lugares que no son las grandes ciudades y capitales.

October 31, 2008: Ortega’s rhetoric obscures his economic pragmatism
By Allison Fritz
“The region is definitely changing – and may be moving more to the left than any other direction”, said Mario Arana, president of the Nicaraguan Foundation for Social and Economic Development. At an event hosted by the Inter-American Dialogue on October 31, Arana spoke about the political and economic challenges facing Nicaragua and suggested that in the wake of the global financial crisis, “we may get a taste of more Ortega-like governments in the region”.

October 30, 2008: Relaciones Venezuela - EEUU después del 4/11
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Universal (Venezuela)
Michael Shifter ofrece su percepción acerca de posibles escenarios en las relaciones de Venezuela con los Estados Unidos en caso de resultar electo Barack Obama o John McCain.

October 30, 2008: In Memóriam: A Emilia Luzárraga
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Una cubana que dedicó su vida a la reconciliación nacional. Emilia Luzárraga de Fernández (1938-2008), Emilita para todos sus amigos, murió la madrugada del 4 de octubre. Siempre había gozado de buena salud pero, en pocos meses, su cuerpo se consumió. No así su espíritu, que se robustecía a medida que el final se acercaba.

October 27, 2008: U.S.-Latin American Relations: Recommendations for the New Administration
By Michael Shifter
Source: University of Virgina Miller Center Forum
It is crucial for senior policy officials responsible for Latin America in January 2009 to take a fresh and honest look at the divergent tendencies unfolding in the region. Tired notions about an area long regarded in the United States as its strategic prerogative should give way to a nuanced appreciation of the marked regional differentiation.

October 26, 2008: ¿Están cayendo las remesas hacia AL y el Caribe?
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Confidencial (Nicaragua)
Ante la crisis financiera internacional y la reciente recesión económica en Estados Unidos, la discusión y especulación sobre el futuro de las remesas ha surgido como un factor que puede aún afectar más el crecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe. Esta especulación ha estado en parte asociada con la caída de las remesas a México, resaltando preguntas acerca del futuro de las remesas. Sin embargo, la caída de las remesas a México responde a realidades exclusivas de este país. Frente a esta discusión es importante entender por un lado el impacto de la crisis de la vivienda sobre los inmigrantes, así como también el curso actual de las remesas.

October 25, 2008: Y no le hicieron caso... (PDF)
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Estigmatizado por los conservadores, ultraderechistas y Wall Street, Nouriel Roubini, viene acertando desde hace cuatro años en prefigurar las tendencias de la crisis financiera y hasta aspectos tan específicos como el colapso de Lehman Brothers.

October 24, 2008: Obama mantiene su ventaja en el tramo final de la carrera
By Paul Isbell
Source: Expansión Spain
Estamos en el tramo final de las elecciones presidenciales y Barack Obama podría estar a punto de borrar a John McCain del mapa político norteamericano. Lo que parecía una contienda muy reñida hace solo un mes tiene ahora todos los visos de convertirse en una victoria clara para el senador de Illinois.

October 24, 2008: Cubans anxious about change
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Last month, Freedom House issued Change in Cuba: How Citizens View Their Country's Future, based on 180 in-depth interviews in Havana, Villa Clara, Holguín, Camagüey and Santiago de Cuba. In April 2008, five field researchers traveled to Cuba to conduct face-to-face interviews using a 35-question template on three overarching themes...

October 24, 2008: América latina no debe esperar grandes cambios
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Economista (Argentina)
Michael Schifter, del Diálogo Interamericano es uno de los especialistas más escuchados cuando se habla de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América latina. Destaca que la región ya “no está en la tapa de los diarios” y que eso es positivo porque demuestra que no es “fuente de conflictos”.

October 23, 2008: Financial crisis response challenges Brazilian and Mexican governments
By Allison Fritz
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva’s "kingmaker" status in the 2010 national elections may be jeopardized by economic fallout from the global financial crisis, an analyst said Thursday at an Inter-American Dialogue event in Washington.

October 23, 2008: Miami Group discusses U.S.-Latin American relations after the November 4 election
By Landen Romei
At the fifth Miami Group dinner, participants discussed the incoming administration’s potential effect on Latin America. This exclusive event took place on October 23 at the beautiful apartment of Beatrice Rangel. An initial presentation by Michael Shifter, the Dialogue’s Vice President for Policy, was followed by comments from Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Peter Hakim.

October 22, 2008: What Latin America can Expect from the Next US President
By Peter Hakim
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
With the global financial markets in turmoil and Americans increasingly anxious about their economic futures, it is not surprising that foreign policy issues –even the Iraq war and international terrorism– have more and more become a sideshow in the race for the US presidency. Earlier in the year, taking advantage of Cuban Independence Day, both Obama and McCain offered major speeches on Latin America to audiences in Miami and John McCain took the time to travel to Colombia and Mexico. The region then virtually disappeared from the two campaigns for several months. It was only in the most recent debate on 15 October that the candidates discussed a number of key issues in US-Latin American relations –including NAFTA, the signed but un-ratified US-Colombian trade agreement, and the danger of relying on oil imported from Venezuela–.

October 20, 2008: España ante el 4 de noviembre
By Paul Isbell
Source: El Pais (Spain)
Las elecciones presidenciales del 4 de noviembre en Estados Unidos representan una gran oportunidad que España no debería desaprovechar. Tras lo ocurrido durante los últimos cinco años, el inminente cambio político en Washington ofrece, tanto a España como a Estados Unidos, una posibilidad única de transformar sus relaciones bilaterales.

October 18, 2008: Remittance transfers, its marketplace and financial intermediation in Uganda: preliminary findings, lessons and recommendations (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Inter-American Development Bank
This report provides a preliminary analysis of remittance transfers to Uganda. Uganda has a longstanding migratory tradition associated with its political history and geography. Yet little is known of how large the size of the emigrant population or diaspora is or about the extent of the economic activities migrants have with Uganda. Using available albeit limited survey data, expert interviews and data collected from the Central Bank, commercial banks, microfinance institutions and foreign exchange bureaus, the study offers an analysis of remittances in Uganda.

October 15, 2008: Tendencias Actuales en las Transferencias hacia Guatemala y su Intersección con las Finanzas (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organización Internacional para las Migraciones
Presentación de la encuesta

October 15, 2008: Full impact of global financial crisis not yet seen in Latin America
By Allison Fritz
Santiago Levy, vice president of sectors and knowledge at the Inter-American Development Bank, suggested that the dust of the recent global financial crisis “has not yet settled.” He was joined by Claudio Loser, former Western Hemisphere director of the International Monetary Fund, to address the impact of the crisis on Latin America and to propose some logical projections for the coming year. Their comments framed a discussion hosted by the Inter American Dialogue on October 15 about the financial crisis impact on the hemisphere.

October 15, 2008: El Retroceso al Autoritarismo
By Manuel Orozco
Source: El Nuevo Diario (Nicaragua)
El contexto político nicaragüense se ubica en un entorno de retroceso al autoritarismo, caracterizado por el ejercicio del discurso populista, la enajenación ideológica y la persecución. La victoria de Daniel Ortega confirmó la fuerza del pacto Alemán-Ortega, debilitando casi irreversiblemente el tenue nervio democrático nicaragüense, introduciendo un populismo sin fronteras como preámbulo a un gobierno que buscará constituir el autoritarismo en los próximos años.

October 14, 2008: The Price of Silence: Report Urges Regulation and Transparency
By Daphne Morrison
Roberto Saba, executive director of the Association of Civil Rights in Argentina, said at a meeting this week, “governments have improved how they can have a chilling effect on the media, and that’s what is new about this phenomenon.” Saba presented the findings of a recent report produced by his group in partnership with the Open Society Justice Initiative, The Price of Silence: The Growing Threat of Soft Censorship in Latin America.

October 13, 2008: Will the American Elections Shake Up Washington's Cuba Policy? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
On the eve of the 50th anniversary of the Cuban Revolution, the US and Cuba remain locked in a long Cold War that seems likely to persist, in some fashion, irrespective of which presidential candidate seizes the White House or how sure-footedly or ineptly Raúl Castro governs the island. The decisions on Cuba policy made by the next American President will depend to some degree on the influence of their Cuban American supporters and the political juncture that occurs in Cuba.

October 10, 2008: "Nunca vi una crisis igual, claramente ya no hay ningún refugio seguro"
By Renato García Jiménez
Source: Diario Financiero (Chile)
Hoy, cuando la crisis sacude al mundo desarrollado y aumentan las críticas contra el modelo capitalista, Hakim niega que las recetas del libre Mercado hayan fracasado. Por el contrario, acusa a las autoridades de Estados Unidos y Europa de no haber seguido sus propios consejos y advierte que las consecuencias de ese error serán nefastas.

October 10, 2008: Russia Exploits an Opening in Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
With the expulsion last month of the US ambassadors to Bolivia and Venezuela, few were surprised to see Washington's relations with Latin America reach a new low. Far more striking is the fact the Russia's Vladimir Putin has taken advantage of receding US influence to step into the breach and actively consolidate Moscow's ties with the region.

October 9, 2008: World Bank: Latin America 'Better-Built' to Withstand Crisis
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Energy Advisor
The World Bank's chief economist for Latin America and the Caribbean, Augusto de la Torre, said Wednesday the region has better "immunological capacities" than in the past to confront the global financial crisis, but that the initial effects—financial contagion, decreased demand for exports, and lower commodity prices—are already hitting home in the hemisphere.

October 9, 2008: No Way to Influence Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
The Oct. 6 editorial "A Choice for Latin America" described the regional situation in excessively stark terms, leading to a misguided policy prescription.

October 7, 2008: What World Financial Policymakers Could Learn From the Mexican Collapse of Yesteryear
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Today Mexico is suffering from the US slowdown, but its financial system is strong, and its economy very resilient in response of the strengthening of policies and institutions. Would it not be wise for US policymakers to leave their pride aside, and consult their brethren to the south, the IMF, and others for good advice on best practices for the financial system?

October 1, 2008: Jamaican PM "Confident" in Face of US Crisis; Warns of Tourism Decline
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Prime Minister Bruce Golding said Tuesday that Jamaica's financial system was in a good position to respond to the crisis on Wall Street, and that the biggest blow to the economy would come from an expected downturn in tourism receipts.

September 30, 2008: Digesting Nostalgic Trade: A Prequel to a Value Chain Approach (PDF)
By U.S. Agency for International Development
This report is a study on the demand for nostalgic goods and the ways in which local ethnic stores support that demand. The study is the first of its kind and is based on a nationwide survey of 1300 individuals from twelve nationalities and interviews with nearly fifty ethnic stores supplying home country goods to migrant populations. The results of the study show that migrants manifest a solid demand that looks for quality and product selection, and relies on a network of stores and importers to satisfy those needs. This demand reflects realities of community building, identity and transnational links.

September 29, 2008: "Se teme avanzar hacia economia socialista," dice Peter Hakim
By Melisa Cabo
Source: Télam (Argentina)
Peter Hakim, presidente del think tank Inter-American Dialogue, sostuvo que entre los principales problemas que impiden la aprobación del salvataje financiero en Estados Unidos, se encuentra el temor a estar "avanzando hacia una economía más socialista", a la falta de concesiones por parte de los representantes y a la posible reacción pública, ante la proximidad de elecciones el 4 de noviembre.

September 26, 2008: Education in Haiti - The Way Forward (PDF)
By PREAL (Laurence Wolff)
This PREAL report seeks to identify the principal issues and policy options that can help to guide those who are seeking to improve education in Haiti. It emphasizes clarifying and strengthening the role of the state—and of key non-state actors—in education. It begins with a summary of current education conditions and recent developments, and ends with a discussion of what the state and other actors might do to help ensure that education begins to meet the needs of the Haitian population.

September 26, 2008: La montaña rusa de la campaña
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Estados Unidos está aprendiendo lo que América Latina aprendió hace muchos años: en política, un día es una eternidad. La campaña presidencial, ya en su recta final, ha sido una montaña rusa.

September 26, 2008: The Campaign Rollercoaster
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
The United States is now learning what most of Latin America learned many years ago: one day is a long time in politics. The presidential campaign, now in its final stretch, has been a rollercoaster.

September 25, 2008: Castros' arrogance gets in the way of help
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Hurricanes Gustav and Ike devastated Cuba. Preliminary estimates put damages at more than $5 billion. The United Nations and more than 20 countries have already sent planeloads of humanitarian aid. Many Cuban exiles, too, are sending donations in cash, clothes and food.

September 25, 2008: Las Elecciones De Estados Unidos Y Las Definiciones Cruciales Para Sus Ciudadanos
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos (Peru)
Por donde se le analice, Barack Obama debería ganar las elecciones del 4 de noviembre, si no por un tsunami, al menos por un margen significativo de votos. Este año, el ambiente general favorece nítidamente al candidato demócrata.

September 25, 2008: Discussion on Argentina
By Landen Romei
On September 25, the Dialogue assembled a small group of analysts and former officials from the US and Argentina for an off-the-record discussion of political and economic developments in Argentina.

September 22, 2008: Still More Expensive to Have a Big Mac—and to Compete—in Latin America
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
The Big Mac exchange rate index (just issued by the Economist magazine for 2008) is attractive in its ability to capture in a universal and simple fashion changes in relative purchasing power among countries. It has serious shortcomings, as it follows only one specific product, but it captures very well major changes in prices and exchange rates.

September 22, 2008: El país y Estados Unidos pierden con la expulsión de embajadores
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Razón (Bolivia)
El Diálogo Interamericano, un centro de pensamiento en EEUU, organizó un foro para analizar la actual situación de América Latina y los últimos conflictos entre Bolivia, Venezuela y EEUU. Después del foro, el vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, conversó con La Razón.

September 20, 2008: Ecuador es diferente a Bolivia
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
Entrevista - Michael Shifter, Vicepresidente del Interamerican Dialogue

September 20, 2008: “Estados Unidos perdió influencia”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Crítica (Argentina)
Aunque La Paz y Caracas condicionaron su relación con Washington a la elección del nuevo gobierno, para Michael Shifter la región debe esperar continuidades antes que cambios después del 4 de noviembre.

September 16, 2008: Colombia then and now
By Rep. Jerry Weller
Source: The Washington Times
Today, the people of Colombia are proud of their nation's progress; they feel safer and more secure. They are making plans for the future. They have hope and you can see it in their eyes.

September 13, 2008: “Sería suicidio para Chávez cortar el suministro a EUA”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica (El Salvador)
Michael Shifter, uno de los analistas más respetados de Washington sobre Suramérica, señaló que de concretarse el apoyo militar ofrecido por el presidente venezolano, Hugo Chávez, a su par boliviano, Evo Morales, representaría un mal precedente en América Latina.

September 12, 2008: Pinochet legacy will be his dictatorship, not his economic policy
By James Bosworth
Pinochet will be remembered as a dictator more than an economic reformer according to Ambassador Heraldo Muñoz, whose new book on General Augusto Pinochet's legacy was discussed at an event co-sponsored by the Inter-American Dialogue and the Woodrow Wilson Center on September 12, 2008, 35 years and one day after Pinochet took power in a coup.

September 11, 2008: Impunity in Buenos Aires bombing
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Today we remember the 2,974 lives lost seven years ago at the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and the United 93 crash. Not that we will ever forget, but anniversaries -- whether of loss or happiness -- bring back memories in full force.

September 7, 2008: La última batalla (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Con las propuestas sobre la mesa, el demócrata Barack Obama y el republicano John McCain salen a la caza de los indecisos.

September 7, 2008: The Final Battle
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
With their proposals on the table, the Democrat Barack Obama and the Republican John McCain go on the hunt for undecided votes.

September 3, 2008: O petróleo continuará nosso
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Não faz muito tempo, chamei a atenção nesta coluna para os desafios postos pelas descobertas de petróleo no pré-sal e para a necessidade de haver uma convergência de opiniões que permita, se for o caso, mudanças nas leis que regulamentam sua exploração. Mencionei mesmo a possibilidade de se utilizar os recursos gerados para resolver os problemas educacionais, trocando-se “minérios por neurônios”.

September 2, 2008: Adicción fatal
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
América Latina: ¿Son suficientes dos períodos presidenciales? La política es un deporte de contacto. En Estados Unidos lo hemos estado practicando en los últimos dieciocho meses, aunque es sólo ahora que Barack Obama y John McCain pueden ostentar, de manera oficial, los títulos de candidatos. Se augura un reñido combate, como no habíamos presenciado antes, para los próximos 60 días.

September 1, 2008: Trade and Investment in the Americas (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
Report of the Eleventh Annual Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF) Conference on September 4-5, 2005.

September 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: August 2008 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

September 1, 2008: Remittances and Microfinance in Latin America and the Caribbean: Steps Forward on a Long Road Ahead (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
This report looks at the relationship between international remittances and microfinance, and presents the findings from a study on 166 microfinance and credit union institutions and an in-depth case study analysis of six of them. The objective of this report consists of learning whether microfinance institutions (MFIs) are paying remittances and if so, whether they are linking remittance transfers to other financial products. Previous research on this subject has been relatively limited, yet assumptions about the organic relationship between remittances and microfinance have been made. Through this report, we aim to go one step closer in identifying patterns in this relationship.

September 1, 2008: Remittance Transfers to Armenia: Preliminary Survey Data Analysis (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
This briefing offers a preliminary data analysis associated with remittance flows and migration trends in Armenia, interpreted from the Central Bank of Armenia’s household survey. The report offers a descriptive and statistical analysis of remittance trends by assessing typical behavior among recipients and senders, and the marketplace for money transfers. The briefing also analyzes the prospects for migration and remittances in the short term and explores some patterns that may exist or shed light on the continuity of flows.

September 1, 2008: Mining Remittance Data: Practical Considerations on Survey Design and Administration (PDF)
By U.S. Agency for International Development, September, 2008
This briefing offers practical guidelines and observations about survey data collection on remittances and how this data informs thinking on migration and development policy making. Obtaining accurate data on the volume of migrant remittances flows is notoriously difficult, as many remittances transfers still occur informally and even when funds are transferred through official channels—such as bank accounts, the internet, paid cards or phones—the mechanisms for measuring these flows are weak. However, the volume of remittances transfers and awareness of the importance of remittances to poverty reduction have grown over the last decade and donors and organizations specializing in migration-related issues have increasingly supported efforts to improve remittances-related information.

August 29, 2008: Two Perspectives on Ecuador: Rafael Correa's Political Project (PDF)
By Adrián Bonilla and César Montúfar
This paper offers two separate perspectives on the political origins and outlook of the Rafael Correa government, with a focus on its foreign policy priorities, including relations with the United States. These thoughtful essays, which concur in some respects and diverge in others, provide important insights about where the Correa administration might be headed.

August 28, 2008: Two presidential terms is enough
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is a contact sport. In the United States, we've been at it for the past 18 months even if Barack Obama and John McCain are only now officially donning the title of candidate. The next 70 days promise a match like we've never seen before.

August 25, 2008: Lecciones Aprendidas y Posibilidades de Replicabilidad de Políticas y Leyes Sobre el Vínculo Entre Remesas y Desarrollo (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Este trabajo ofrece reflexiones y comentarios sobre las experiencias y lecciones aprendidas de las buenas prácticas de proyectos e iniciativas para aprovechar la remesa familiar con el propósito de fomentar el desarrollo económico y social. El trabajo usa la experiencia acumulada sobre iniciativas que han ocurrido a escala mundial así como también el insumo de otros colegas, en particular el trabajo de García Zamora (2008) y Atienza (2008). Trabajo presentado para el FORO INTERPARLAMENTARIO CENTROAMÉRICA Y REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: HACIA UNA AGENDA COMÚN “Migración, Remesas y Desarrollo,” Nicaragua.

August 25, 2008: Las remesas en el desarrollo regional: Impacto social y macroeconómico, implementación de políticas públicas y oportunidades de participación parlamentaria (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Trabajo presentado para el FORO INTERPARLAMENTARIO CENTROAMÉRICA Y REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: HACIA UNA AGENDA COMÚN “Migración, Remesas y Desarrollo,” Nicaragua.

August 22, 2008: A la espera de una oportunidad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
No es empresa fácil proyectar una visión, a largo plazo, sobre las relaciones Estados Unidos-Cuba. En mis dos últimos artículos expuse, a grandes rasgos, cómo veo el prolongado arco histórico.

August 18, 2008: High Hopes for Paraguay's New "Bishop of the Poor" President
By Elisabeth Burgess
Source: Latin America Advisor
A socialist former bishop became president of Paraguay on Friday, promising to root out corruption, secrecy, and stark inequality he says was left behind by 61 years of rule under the single banner of the Colorado Party.

August 14, 2008: A chance for normal relations
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Taking the long view on U.S.-Cuba relations isn't easy. In my two most recent columns, I laid out in broad strokes the long historical arc as I see it.

August 14, 2008: What Can We Learn From Cuba and the Dominican Republic?
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Scores from a recent region-wide student achievement test demonstrate again that an overwhelming number of Latin American children are failing to reach adequate levels in math, language, and science. But most striking is that two countries—Cuba and the Dominican Republic—scored much differently than the others.

August 12, 2008: Migración y Remesas en Honduras: Sinopsis de los resultados de la última encuesta sobre remesas y migración realizada en Junio 2008 por Borges & Asociados (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Presentación de la encuesta

August 7, 2008: Why We Are Together
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOCAL Point
In his book, City of Words, Argentine-Canadian essayist Alberto Manguel focuses on the question “Why are we together?”, referring to the long-standing inclination of humans to congregate. That is also the question that the Western Hemisphere’s 34 elected heads of state will have to answer when they assemble next April in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago for the Fifth Summit of the Americas.

August 7, 2008: Como hicieron los mejores sitemas educativos con mejor desempeño del mundo para alcanzar sus objetivos
By PREAL (Michael Barber and Mona Mourshed)
The Dialogue’s education reform program (PREAL) recently launched the Spanish-language version of McKinsey & Company’s innovative 2007 study, How the World’s Best-Performing School Systems Come Out on Top.

August 6, 2008: The Way Forward on Immigration: A California Perspective (PDF)
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
Source: Americas Quarterly
California, America’s most populous state -- with the dimensions, economy, power and international ties if not the sovereignty of a nation -- can and should play a leading role in attempting to break the U.S. legislative impasse on immigration policy and in forging policies to integrate immigrants more successfully into twenty-first century America. It should do so because California has long-standing, unique and relevant experience with immigration; because Californians have a huge stake in reforming the country’s dysfunctional immigration regime; and because they are ready to take the lead in demonstrating positive approaches to integrating immigrants.

August 6, 2008: Una tercera Oportunidad
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El Nuevo Herald
El próximo 1 de enero la revolución cubana cumple 50 años. Cabría sacar el saldo político. Prefiero, sin embargo, sacar otro: el de nuestros sentimientos.

August 6, 2008: DR-CAFTA and the Story of Chicken Little
By Rep. Jerry Weller
Three years later, as we recognized the third anniversary of Congress ratifying the trade agreement, we are witnesses to the fact the sky is not falling and trade is good for America. In fact, American workers, manufacturers and farmers have been the big winners thanks to new market access guaranteed under DR-CAFTA.

August 1, 2008: Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America: Third Edition
By Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter
Edited by Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter and featuring contributions from more than a dozen leading scholars of democratization studies, this volume provides a concise and up-to-date measure of the quality of democracy in Latin America.

July 31, 2008: Washington, Havana must learn to live in peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
During the Cold War, the United States was of two minds regarding the Third World. Did the new nations in Africa and Asia provide fodder for Soviet expansionism?

July 31, 2008: Lecciones sabias
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Cuba y EE UU tendrán relaciones normales cuando La Habana convierta la cercanía en un valor y Washington considere con seriedad las expectativas cubanas.

July 31, 2008: Barack Obama y América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
La semana pasada, Barack Obama había podido recibir una bienvenida tan calurosa en Buenos Aires o Bogotá como la que tuvo en Berlín. Como Europa y gran parte del mundo, América Latina está cansada con George Bush y ansiosa por un cambio.

July 31, 2008: Barack Obama and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Last week Barack Obama could have easily generated a similarly warm reception in Buenos Aires or even Bogotá, as he did in Berlin. Like Europe and much of the world, Latin America is tired of George Bush and anxious for change.

July 31, 2008: As privatizações reavaliadas
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Apesar da borrasca, que vem vindo forte sobre a economia global, tem-se a impressão de que vivemos em uma ilha, espero que não seja a da fantasia. Em algum momento e em alguma medida as trovoadas atingirão nossa economia, hoje mais sólida. Dentre os fatores que nos permitem enfrentar as dificuldades globais, quatro são fundamentais: a abertura comercial, a estabilização monetária, algumas mudanças nas formas e condutas administrativas e as privatizações.

July 29, 2008: Entrevista con Jim Kolbe: Es hora de prestar más atención a los vecinos (PDF)
By Dolia Estévez
Source: Poder y Negocios
Durante más de dos décadas, Jim Kolbe y John McCain, ex congresista del quinto distrito de Arizona y senador del mismo estado, han compartido un fuerte compromiso personal con México y Latinoamérica. Han sido aliados en batallas por mejorar los lazos políticos y económicos con esos países, algunas las han ganado y otras no. En los noventa, tuvieron éxito en lograr la aprobación legislativa del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN) y fracasaron en hacer que el Congreso autorizara un paquete de rescate financiero para México. En 2007, el mismo año en que Kolbe puso fin a su trayectoria legislativa de 22 años, más no a su carrera política, no escatimaron esfuerzos en impulsar el fallido proyecto de reforma migratoria integral.

July 28, 2008: Calderon's Popularity Hinges on Success of Anti-Drug Effort
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Landen Romei
Source: Latin America Advisor
When Felipe Calderon assumed the presidency on December 2, 2006, his legitimacy was in question. On July 2, 2006, he had won the narrowest of victories over Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who cried fraud and proclaimed himself the "legitimate president."

July 23, 2008: “No hay confianza en ambos gobiernos (Bolivia y EEUU)”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Razón (Bolivia)
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, habló con La Razón en Washington DC sobre la crisis de Bolivia y las relaciones con Estados Unidos. Por el Diálogo Interamericano han pasado principales políticos, pensadores y analistas de diferentes tendencias. Sobre el tema boliviano han participado analistas, gente del Gobierno y los prefectos opositores.

July 22, 2008: Members of Congress discuss FARC hostage rescue with Colombian Defense Minister
By Megan Fletcher
The Inter-American Dialogue‘s Congressional Members Working Group met with Colombian Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos on July 22 to discuss the July 2 Colombian Army rescue operation that freed 15 hostages of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), among other issues in US-Colombia affairs. Former Colombian presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt and three American defense contractors were among the 15 hostages recovered. Senators Bill Nelson (D-FL) and Mel Martínez (R-FL) co-hosted the session. They thanked Santos for his government’s work that freed the three American citizens who had been held by the FARC for over five years.

July 18, 2008: Integration in the Americas: One Idea for Plan B (PDF)
By Nancy Lee
In this new essay, co-published by the Center for Global Development and Inter-American Dialogue, CGD visiting fellow Nancy Lee suggests a fresh approach to regional integration in the form of a proposed regional investment agreement. The idea is a collective effort to set common standards for reducing specific barriers to domestic and foreign investment, similar to standards set in trade agreements for lowering trade barriers.

July 9, 2008: Comienza la posguerra en Colombia
By Joaquin Villalobos
Source: El País
En Colombia fue necesario darle una oportunidad a la guerra. La paz negociada debe ser siempre el propósito fundamental en un conflicto, pero, en algunas ocasiones, pretenderla a toda costa puede significar la prolongación de la guerra.

July 3, 2008: Growing pains of democracy, development
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Chile is Latin America's success story. Per capita income has grown from $4,720 in 1990 to $13,936 in 2007.

July 3, 2008: E.U. celebra el rescate pero piensa en el TLC
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter, Vicepresidente de Política de Diálogo Interamericano en Washington, E.U., le dijo a El Colombiano que las celebraciones más que obvias por el rescate de los 15 secuestrados por las Farc, no borran el ambiente de preocupación que existe en sectores demócratas de su país.

July 1, 2008: Bolivia's Long and Winding Road (PDF)
By George Gray Molina
George Gray Molina disentangles the exceedingly complex situation in Bolivia by identifying the interests and roles of the key actors involved. Gray sheds light on the sources of the political stalemate in advance of the August 10 recall referendum and outlines three scenarios for Bolivian politics in the period to follow.

July 1, 2008: PREAL Working Paper No. 41: Como hicieron los mejores sitemas educativos con mejor desempeño del mundo para alcanzar sus objetivos (PDF)
By Michel Barber and Mona Mourshed
This document is the Spanish version of the McKinsey & Co. study, How the World’s Best-Performing School Systems Come Out on Top. The study seeks to understand why some school systems perform better than others, and why some educational reforms succeed when others fail.

June 30, 2008: “Sería un suicidio si Uribe se la juega con McCain”: Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Semana (Colombia)
El analista de asuntos latinoamericanos en Washington, Michael Shifter, dice que si Uribe se la juega con el candidato republicano podría afectar la eventual aprobación del TLC en el Congreso gringo.

June 27, 2008: La Visita de McCain
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
La visita de McCain puede no darle mucho en el aspecto electoral, pero indirectamente puede estimular un debate de mayor calidad, altamente necesario en Estados Unidos, al sacar a la luz los desafíos en Colombia y México.

June 27, 2008: McCain's Visit to Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
McCain’s visit may not yield much for him electorally, but by shining a light on the challenges in Colombia and Mexico, it may indirectly help stimulate a higher quality and sorely needed debate on these pressing issues.

June 25, 2008: La solución es el mercado
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Cuba Encuentro
El crecimiento global es la historia que destaca en nuestros tiempos", escribe Fareed Zakaria en su notable libro The Post-American World, cuya lectura es recomendable. El subtítulo, The Rise of the Rest, nos dice la razón por la que estamos en la cúspide de un verdadero orden global.

June 24, 2008: A Conversation with Francisco Gros—Brazil's New Energy Challenges and Opportunities
By Latin America Advisor
Annual foreign direct investment (FDI) in Brazil could double as auctions for new offshore oil finds in the South American country get back on track, the former president of national oil company Petrobras said Tuesday at the Inter-American Dialogue.

June 22, 2008: Raúl Castro must reform agriculture and economy
By Interview with Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Foreign Exchange with Daljit Dhaliwal
Marifeli Pérez-Stable discusses Raúl Castro's recent reforms and US policy towards Cuba.

June 19, 2008: Markets, not aid, are the solution
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''Global growth is the big story of our times,'' says Fareed Zakaria in his must-read book, The Post-American World. His subtitle -- The Rise of the Rest -- tells the story of why we're at the cusp of a truly global order.

June 17, 2008: Violencia contra periodistas: Voz de alarma
By Denise Dresser
Source: Presentation at Conference on Violence against Journalists and Impunity in Mexico
México entre los 15 países del mundo más peligrosos para ser periodista.... Donde cargar con una grabadora o una cámara de televisión o una libreta puede ser una actividad de alto riesgo. Donde hacer preguntas incómodas puede acarrear consecuencias mortales.

June 12, 2008: Recent Trends in Remittances to Latin America
By Mitchell Harrison
Discussion on Recent Trends in Remittances to Latin America

June 11, 2008: The New Challenge: China and the Western Hemisphere (Microsoft Word)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere on June 11th, 2008.

June 10, 2008: Obama, McCain y A. Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Aunque Obama hizo un discurso de amplio espectro, los medios se centraron en un tema: Cuba. El contraste entre los dos candidatos respecto a esta cuestión es considerable.

June 10, 2008: ¿Cuánto puede durar un “empate catastrófico”?
By Carlos Basombrío Iglesias
Source: Peru21
Evo Morales sigue siendo un presidente con mandato fuerte y con la sólida adhesión de la mitad de los bolivianos. Pero, a la vez, tiene a la otra mitad, no sólo en contra, sino en abierta desobediencia a su gobierno, actuando por fuera del marco legal, promoviendo un proyecto político, social y económico totalmente incompatible con el suyo.

June 10, 2008: Obama, McCain and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Old habits die hard. Though Obama, the likely Democratic nominee, gave a wide-ranging address, the media predictably focused on a single issue: Cuba.

June 9, 2008: Help opposition to restore democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Once again Hugo Chávez may be overreaching. On May 28, a spine-chilling intelligence decree went into effect.

June 8, 2008: ¿Obama y Colombia, una política contradictoria?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La posición de Barack Obama frente a Colombia podría parecer contradictoria para muchos, pues mientras se opone al Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) con Estados Unidos, apoya fuertemente los esfuerzos de seguridad del Gobierno colombiano. Esa contradicción, sin embargo, no es percibida por el candidato demócrata y ni por muchos de los miembros de su partido.

June 8, 2008: Barack Obama and Colombia, a Contradictory Policy?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Barack Obama’s positions on Colombia – he opposes the free trade agreement with the United States but strongly supports the government’s security efforts – may seem contradictory to many in Colombia, but the Democratic nominee and many in his political party see no such inconsistency.

June 6, 2008: Challenge for Mexican Education "Alliance" is Execution
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
The "Alliance for Education Quality," approved on May 15 by Mexican President Felipe Calderon and the powerful head of the national teachers' union, Elba Esther Gordillo, aims to transform Mexico's poorly performing public schools into a key tool for promoting social advancement and international competitiveness.

June 4, 2008: Fernandez's Easy Victory in the DR Belies Tough Road Ahead
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
On May 16, President Leonel Fernandez romped to victory in the Dominican Republic's presidential elections and won a coveted third term in office. Despite sporadic political violence that claimed three lives, Fernandez declared the election to be a 'democratic fiesta' and called for a national celebration. But he quickly warned that 'the country must return to normalcy to face the challenges of adverse international conditions.' Indeed, while the Dominican Republic has thrived under Fernandez's leadership, many deeply rooted challenges remain.

June 1, 2008: Planting the seeds of financial inclusion: financial literacy for remittance recipients in Moldova (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Labour Organisation
From December 2007 through May 2008, the IOM and ILO collaborated on a financial literacy project conducted with Moldovan remittance recipients. The sessions took place at 10 branches at four banks (Banca di Economi, Eurocredit Bank, FIncombank, Mobias Bank,) and several Savings and Credit Associations. This report presents the findings of the project and is based on interviews with educators, and analysis of an intake evaluation form administered to the nearly 7,000 remittance recipients who participated.

June 1, 2008: La Economía Local y Las Respuestas De Los Gobiernos Ante Los Envíos de Remesas en América Latina y El Caribe (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organización de los Estados Americanos
El presente informe evalúa la intersección entre las remesas y las economías locales en cinco ciudades de América Latina y el Caribe. Examinamos la medida en que estas economías realmente absorben las remesas en su base productiva y las respuestas de los gobiernos locales a estas realidades. Lo mundial se vuelve local: las remesas se envían a un gran número de lugares que no son las grandes ciudades y capitales.

June 1, 2008: Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean: Their Impact on Local Economies and the Response of Local Governments (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Organization of American States
This report assesses the intersection of remittances with the local economies of five cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. We explore the extent to which these economies effectively absorb remittances into their productive base and the response of the local governments to these realities. The global is local: remittances go to a myriad of cities outside large capitals and cities.

May 28, 2008: Experto estadounidense dice que su país "está más distante que nunca" de América Latina
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Mercurio (Chile)
El conflicto en Irak, las alzas en el precio internacional del petróleo y la compleja situación de su economía son temas que hoy generan deseos de cambios radicales entre los norteamericanos y que estarían sentando las bases de lo que será el trabajo del próximo Presidente de ese país, según afirmó hoy en Chile el presidente de la entidad Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim.

May 22, 2008: FARC's a 'hot potato'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Interpol’s technical report is crystal clear: Colombia did not alter the computers salvaged from the rubble of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) camp in Ecuador on March 1. Evaluating the substantive content of the 10,000 files is another matter altogether.

May 13, 2008: China's Relationship with Latin America
By Ambassador Zhou Wenzhong

May 8, 2008: Free trade could benefit all partners
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Free trade is getting a bum rap everywhere. Long gone is the spirit of the early 1990s when the Americas jointly raised the banner of integration.

May 7, 2008: Consulta popular como alternativa para dirimir las diferencias sobre la reforma política
By Marta Lucía Ramírez de Rincón
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
En días pasados, propuse la inmediata convocatoria presidencial a una Gran Alianza por la Ética en la política y a una Consulta Popular obedeciendo a la urgencia histórica que provoca la crisis política actual.

May 7, 2008: President Martín Torrijos of Panama Discusses His Country’s Prospects and Challenges
By Bryce Pardo
The Inter-American Dialogue and the Center for Strategic and International Studies held a breakfast conversation on May 7 with President Martín Torrijos to discuss Panama’s successes and challenges that lay ahead.

May 1, 2008: Inventar o Futuro
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Source: O Estado de São Paulo, O Globo and Zéro Hora (Brazil)
Na segunda feira desta semana participei de um encontro em Santiago para comemorar os sessenta anos da Cepal. Na ocasião Alain Touraine fez uma conferência admirável na qual reviu a contribuição de Raul Prebisch e seus seguidores para a compreensão da América Latina.

May 1, 2008: Guatemala: Ten Years After the Agreements on a Firm and Lasting Peace (PDF)
By Gustavo Porras Castejón
Guatemala is often referred to as the country of the eternal spring. The defining elements of its political history, however, have been darkness, violence, and exclusion.

May 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: May 2008 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

May 1, 2008: Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela: The Andean Refoundation
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Política Exterior (Spain)
Constitutional assemblies are an increasingly popular solution to political dissatisfaction in the Andean region of South America. But the sharp differences in these two images, of leaders at different ends of the constitutional cycle, illustrate that these promises to engineer profound, deep-seeded change have significant limitations and drawbacks.

May 1, 2008: Entre “Santa Hillary” y “Obama, el que todo lo puede” (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Las interesantísimas elecciones primarias de los Estados Unidos, a punto de batir un récord Guiness por su duración, debido a la intensa contienda entre Hillary y Obama, son analizadas en típico-estilo-Michael Shifter.

May 1, 2008: Between "Saint Hillary" and "Omnipotent Obama"
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
The fascinating and intense battle between Hillary and Obama in the Democratic primary, on pace to set a world endurance record, are analyzed by Michael Shifter.

April 27, 2008: ¿Cuánto vale un nombre? (PDF)
By Moises Naim
Source: El País (Spain)
El estudio ilumina algunas interesantes tendencias del mundo actual, y que van más allá de los temas relacionados con negocios, marcas y mercadeo que motivaron la investigación.

April 27, 2008: Llegó el tiempo de dar protección y garantías
By Ricardo Lagos
Source: Clarin (Argentina)
El crecimiento económico de América latina conduce al reto de definir qué futuro queremos conformar.

April 25, 2008: Impacto do aumento da taxa de juros
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Como se comentava, o COPOM, Conselho de Política Monetária, reunido na semana passada aumentou em meio por cento a taxa SELIC. A elevação estava sendo projetada justificada pelo aquecimento da demanda agregada. Com essa elevação de meio ponto percentual estamos novamente entre os líderes das taxas reais de juros que remuneram investidores.

April 24, 2008: Testimony before the U.S. Congress and U.S. Helsinki Commission “Crossing Borders, Keeping Connected: Women, Migration and Development in the OSCE Region” (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Testimony before the U.S. Congress and U.S. Helsinki Commission “Crossing Borders, Keeping Connected: Women, Migration and Development in the OSCE Region” Thursday, April 24th, 2008 Washington, DC.

April 24, 2008: Let's find common ground for a free Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Between April 10-13, 200 Cuban-American students and recently minted professionals gathered at Duke University for the annual meeting of Raíces de Esperanza. Older folks like me also participated in what has become a spring rite of conversations about Cuba.

April 20, 2008: Betty la Fea (PDF)
By Moises Naim
Source: El País (Spain)
América Latina es Betty la Fea.

April 20, 2008: Un consejo para el próximo presidente
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
Incluso cuando las opiniones latinoamericanas sobre Estados Unidos mejoraron en el último año, la calidad de las relaciones estadounidenses con las naciones de la región sigue siendo pobre, al igual que la credibilidad de EU en asuntos regionales. Para reparar el daño, el próximo presidente del país deberá revertir sustancialmente las políticas globales de la Casa Blanca de Bush al tiempo que, paradójicamente, se apega a la agenda sobre políticas de la administración para Latinoamérica.

April 17, 2008: Los obstáculos al TLC con E.U.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Se les puede perdonar a los colombianos que no entiendan por qué el TLC de su país con Estados Unidos fue frenado. El problema en este caso es que el pensamiento racional no ofrece una explicación satisfactoria.

April 17, 2008: Obstacles Facing the Free Trade Agreement with the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Colombians can be forgiven if they have trouble understanding precisely why their country’s free trade agreement with the United States has been put on hold. In this case, the problem may be that rational thought does not offer a satisfactory explanation.

April 14, 2008: Lesson of Sao Paulo Reforms: Get the Public on Your Side
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
Sao Paulo's state school system, already one of the largest in Latin America, now seeks to become one of the most innovative as well.

April 13, 2008: Conselhos para o próximo presidente dos EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de São Paulo
Para reparar os danos, o próximo presidente terá de reverter as políticas globais da Casa Branca de George W. Bush.

April 13, 2008: Advice for the Next US President
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de São Paulo Brazil
To repair the damage, the next American president will need to substantially reverse the global policies of the Bush White House while, paradoxically, sticking closely to the Administration’s substantive agenda for Latin America.

April 10, 2008: The Surest Road to Peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Abiding by the simple principles embodied in the fragile détente forged in the Dominican Republic and seconded by the OAS -- sovereignty and security -- is the surest road to peace.

April 10, 2008: Crisis in the Andes: The Border Dispute Between Colombia and Ecuador, and Implications for the Region
By Michael Shifter
Michael Shifter testified before the House Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs on the crisis in the Andes and the role of the United States in the region.

April 6, 2008: La región vista desde Estados Unidos (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
Las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Sudamérica, las pugnas internas en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN), el gobierno de Evo Morales y su alianza con el presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez, la “izquierda” en Latinoamérica, las posibilidades discursivas del Socialismo del Siglo XXI...

April 6, 2008: The Region as Seen from the United States
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
Relations between the United States and South America, internal conflict in the Andes, the government of Evo Morales and his alliance with President Chávez of Venezuela, the left in Latin America, the possibilities for Socialism for the 21st Century...

April 4, 2008: Cenário Político nas Américas e Relação com os Estado Unidos (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economia
Three important issues from this year's US political campaign will affect Latin America: trade, immigration and Cuba.

April 1, 2008: Book Review of "Cuba's Aborted Reform" and "Cuba Transnational" (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 50, No. 1
Fidel Castro, it has been said, is a brilliant politician but a terrible economist. In their new book, Carmelo Mesa-Lago and Jorge Pérez-López, express little opinion about the Cuban leader's political talents, but they clearly agree with the most pessimistic assessments of his economic management.

April 1, 2008: Beyond Tourism: The Future of the Services Industry in the Caribbean (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Joyce Lawrence
In recent years, the small economies of the Caribbean have entered a time of extraordinary economic uncertainty, as traditional industries face new challenges amid a fiercely competitive global environment. The process of globalization over the past few decades has had a profound effect on developing countries worldwide, and the Caribbean has been no exception.

April 1, 2008: Latino migrants: A profile on remittances, finances, and health (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Nancy Castillo
This document provides a descriptive profile of the main traits and characteristics of Latin American migrants in the United States. The document serves as an educational reference to easily access facts on migrants’ behavior on money transfers and finances. Moreover, it also attempts to look at the socio-economic profile of this population including attention to their health condition.

March 28, 2008: The Nicaraguan diaspora: trends and opportunities for diaspora engagement in skills transfers and development (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Office for Economic Co-operation and Developmen
This paper presents an analysis of the migration patterns of Nicaraguans over the past thirty years and using household survey data also looks at the characteristics of skilled migration from the country. Moreover the paper explains the characteristics of Nicaraguan association and their current capacity to work on their home country development. The paper also provides four recommendations as policy opportunities for cooperation with diasporas on skills transfers and attainment among Nicaraguans.

March 27, 2008: Education is the key
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Latin America is doing better but still not good enough. One reason lies in the quality of its labor force and its schools.

March 24, 2008: Spain and U.S.: Latin Partners?
By Eric Farnsworth and Christian Gomez
Source: Latin Business Chronicle
The re-election of Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero on March 9 was noted without enthusiasm in Washington. After all, soon after his first election in 2004, Zapatero fulfilled a campaign promise when he hastily withdrew Spanish troops from Iraq, and he remains the only EU leader who has not met with President Bush.

March 16, 2008: The United States and its "Backyard"
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Washington played a strikingly marginal role in calming the recent Andean crisis. That role was left essentially to the Latin Americans - especially Brazil, Chile, the Dominican Republic, the Rio Group and the Organization of American States, under the leadership of Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza.

March 13, 2008: Review laws on travel, remittances
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Despite all the changes of titles and position-shuffling within the ruling circle, Cuba remains a dictatorship. Neither Fidel nor Raúl Castro brooks political opposition or respects civil liberties.

March 7, 2008: La vieja guardia mueve los hilos
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
Lo que sucedió en La Habana el pasado 24 de febrero me recordó a Moscú a principios de la década del ochenta. Después de la muerte de Leonid Breshnev, dos viejos —primero, el más liberal Yuri Andrópov, y luego, el momificado Konstantin Chernenko— gobernaron la Unión Soviética. No fue sino hasta 1985 que el más juvenil Mijaíl Gorbachov tomó las riendas del Kremlin. El resto es historia.

March 6, 2008: 'Lula' debería asumir un liderazgo para encontrarle salidas a la crisis
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
A pesar de todo, hay buenas noticias en medio de los hechos de los últimos días.

March 5, 2008: 'Lula' should show leadership to end the crisis
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
While the prospect of interstate war is clearly ominous and unnerving, there is some good news buried in the chain of events unfolding in the Andes.

March 5, 2008: “With Castro Stepping Down, What’s Next for Cuba and the Western Hemisphere”
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs’ Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere

March 1, 2008: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: February 2008 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Ferro
Dear Readers, This year starts with important developments. Worldwide, remittances grew between 6 and 20 percent year-on-year in 2007, with the exception of Mexico, where growth was only 3 percent. These numbers may indicate that more mature markets have reached a point of stability. Meanwhile, large and small companies are introducing mobile devices as money transfer mechanisms. This move reflects a money transfer industry exploring technology applications as a means to expand their revenues while coping with challenges within their institutions. Moreover, this issue highlights how financial institutions are increasingly catering to migrants or remittance recipients with different financial products. We also include a guest note discussing the concept and practice of the “productizing of remittances,” and a research note on the role of exclusive agreements and how competing money transfer operators are dealing with these contractual clauses.

March 1, 2008: 2007 Program Report (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue

March 1, 2008: PREAL Working Paper No. 40 - The Educational Assessments that Latin America Needs (PDF)
By PREAL (Ravela, Arregui, Valverde, Wolfe, Ferrer, Martínez Rizo, Aylwin, Wolff)
This working paper addresses the need for and uses of large-scale standardized assessments, typically in primary and secondary school, of learning and/or educational achievement in Latin America and the Caribbean. It is aimed at policymakers in the field of education, teachers, academics, business people, members of trade unions and social organizations, and those working in financial agencies and the media. It seeks to contribute to the debate on standardized testing in education systems and to decisions made in that regard.

February 20, 2008: Preocupante ranking de desempeño estudiantil
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Publicado en el Latin America Advisor, el boletín diario del Diálogo Interamericano.
Una vez más los países de Latinoamérica se ubicaron en los últimos lugares de un ranking que clasifica a países de acuerdo con los puntajes promedio obtenidos en una prueba internacional de desempeño estudiantil. ¿Cómo podemos interpretar este pobre resultado?

February 20, 2008: El mensaje de Fidel
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
El mensaje de Fidel Castro —“no aspiraré ni aceptaré el cargo de Presidente del Consejo de Estado y Comandante en Jefe”— no debió sorprendernos. Recientemente había escrito sobre la necesidad de abrirle paso a las nuevas generaciones y también que no debía aferrarse a cargos.

February 15, 2008: Forces from within are demanding changes
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Was Eliécer Avila -- one of the students who questioned Cuban National Assembly President Ricardo Alarcón in a widely circulated video -- arrested on Feb. 9? An independent journalist filed a report to that effect.

February 6, 2008: Region's Govts Need to Develop Demand for Quality Education
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
A former Latin American president, reflecting on the difficulty of improving his country's schools, recently observed that: "for a politician, education costs money and produces nothing; it is a net negative process."

February 5, 2008: Investment Treaties Showing Mixed Results for Latin America, Experts Say
By Mollie Bracewell
Latin American Investment Treaties: How Effective, How Useful

February 4, 2008: The Macroeconomic Environment for Competitiveness in Latin America (PDF)
By Claudio M. Loser
Under the basic premise that macroeconomic stability is a pre-condition for competitiveness, this article reviews some of the key principles that determine the basis for good macroeconomic performance, the recent experience of the region in this regard, and some lessons for the future. Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. NOTE: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been reviewed or edited. The definitive version of this extract may be found in the work Can Latin America Compete?: confronting the challenges of globalization edited by Jerry Haar and John Price, which can be purchased from http://www.palgrave-usa.com/catalog/product.aspx?isbn=1403975434.

February 1, 2008: Building Human Capital: Is Latin American Education Competitive? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Can Latin America Compete?: Confronting the Challenges of Globalization (Haar and Price, ed.)
Latin America’s ability to compete successfully in global markets depends significantly on the quality of its labor force, which in turn depends on the quality of its schools. By making learning the chief measure of success and making schools accountable to citizens, countries can take a major step forward in strengthening their competitiveness. Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. NOTE: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been reviewed or edited.

February 1, 2008: Requiem for the Monroe Doctrine (PDF)
By Dan Erikson
Published in Current History - The United States has long been suspicious of foreign powers that meddled in the Western Hemisphere. In recent years, Latin America’s increasingly diverse international relations have stoked such fears anew, as the region has drawn closer to Washington’s global rivals at a moment when us influence is facing unprecedented challenges.

February 1, 2008: Toward the Mainstream: current trends and dynamics of remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
This paper seeks to point out to four key issues related to the current trends of money transfers: the problems of lack of banking access despite a demand for financial services, lessons learned when financial intermediation exists, current dynamics in the remittance environment, including problems with account closings. Remittance transfers are one of the manifestations of contemporary transnational family ties and foreign labor mobility. Beyond the large volumes that are sustaining millions of families, these flows contribute to increase savings among recipient households, and in turn strengthen financial institutions and a country’s economy. With appropriate policy tools the impact of these flows will have potential development implications in the countries where these flows are arriving and can help mitigate any new challenges.

January 31, 2008: Migración y Remesas en Nicaragua: Análisis y Resultados de la ultima encuesta sobre remesas y migración realizada en enero por M & R (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Trabajo presentado para la reunión “Democracia, Cohesión Social e Integración Regional” parte de la Serie de Encuentros Centroamericanos en Managua, Nicaragua 2007-2008. Ver también: Centroamérica: remesas, economía y las finanzas con aproximación al caso Nicaragüense de Manuel Orozco

January 22, 2008: Guatemala: Diez años después de los acuerdos de paz firme y duradera (PDF)
By Gustavo Porras Castejón

January 20, 2008: Centroamérica: remesas, economía y las finanzas con aproximación al caso Nicaragüense (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Trabajo presentado para la reunión “Democracia, Cohesión Social E Integración Regional” parte de la Serie de Encuentros Centroamericanos en Managua, Nicaragua 2007-2008. Ver también: Migración y Remesas en Nicaragua: Análisis y Resultados de la ultima encuesta sobre remesas y migración realizada en enero por M & R de Manuel Orozco

January 9, 2008: Fair Growth: Economic Policies for Latin America's Poor and Middle-Income Majority (PDF)
By Nancy Birdsall, Augusto de la Torre, and Rachel Menezes
This book presents a dozen ideas, or “tools,” meant to make life in Latin America more equitable and fair for the great majority of its people—not only for the rich, a small elite, but also for the rest. It is high time for leaders (in government, business, and civil society) in Latin America to embrace fairness as a fundamental goal. Latin America has undertaken one set of changes in order to develop more open and competitive market economies. The benefits of that first step now need to be complemented and reinforced by a second set of changes—changes aimed at fairness and at emphasizing jobs and access to key productive assets for the silent majority. Long-standing inequality in the region has fostered a deep sense of unfairness and injustice. We hope that our agenda rekindles hope that open markets and democratic institutions will, finally, make a difference.

January 1, 2008: Women in the Americas: Paths to Political Power (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue, Inter-American Development Bank, League of Women Voters
A group of women political leaders from across the Americas met in Washington on March 28, 2007 to discuss the dramatic advances achieved by women seeking public office in the past ten years—and the special challenges currently facing women in electoral politics. Held at the Library of Congress and the Inter-American Development Bank, the meeting Women in the Americas: Paths to Political Power was co-sponsored by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Inter-American Dialogue, League of Women Voters of the United States, Inter-American Foundation, and Organization of American States (OAS).

January 1, 2008: Latin American Women in Movement: Changing Politics, Changing Minds (PDF)
By Joan M. Caivano and Thayer Hardwick
Published in Civil Society and Social Movements: Building Sustainable Democracies in Latin America, ed. Arthur Domike. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, 2008. This chapter will examine women’s social movements that emerged in the 1970s—during the dictatorships and economic crises in South America and guerrilla movements opposed to authoritarian regimes in Central America. This period also coincides with the emergence of the second wave of feminism. We will review the evolution of women’s organizations and mobilizations, their nature, structures, goals and strategies, to discern patterns from the past and lessons for the future.

December 7, 2007: New president's challenges
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who will become president of Argentina on Monday, owes her landslide electoral victory to the extraordinary political and economic success that her husband -- outgoing President Néstor Kirchner -- enjoyed over the past four years. And most voters want her to follow in Kirchner's footsteps.

December 4, 2007: Looking forward and including migration in development: remittance leveraging opportunities for Moldova (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Organization for Migration-Moldova
This report provides an analysis of the impact of remittances in Moldova, particularly paying attention to the trends among remittance recipients, and the challenges to better leverage their income. Drawing from lessons and experiences in other countries about the ways in which remittance transfers are leveraged, this study provides recommendations to the Moldovan government and private sector. The study is based on field work interviews with banking institutions, government agencies, international organizations, and other non-governmental institutions. Moreover, statistical analysis was used to analyze household survey data commissioned in 2006 by the International Organization for Migration’s mission in Moldova, as well as survey data on remittance recipient households retrieving their money at banks and a survey of household members of Savings and Credit Associations.

December 1, 2007: Ghanaian Remitters in the Netherlands: A Preliminary Overview (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Mindanda Mohogu
This paper presents the findings of a random survey of 330 Ghanaian migrants who send remittances from the Netherlands. The study shows that Ghanaians are an active community engaged with their home country. This community exhibits incomes relatively lower and younger than native born Dutch.

November 9, 2007: El debate sobre apertura comercial en Estados Unidos: a la caza de un entendimiento bipartidista (PDF)
By I. M. (Mac) Destler
La llegada de una mayoría Demócrata al Congreso en enero del 2007 hizo temblar a más de un partidario del libre comercio. En efecto, en los últimos diez años la tendencia en Estados Unidos ha sido votar la apertura comercial según posturas estrictamente partidistas.

November 8, 2007: Bachelet, Fernández push politics beyond gender
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Women are breaking the highest of glass ceilings in politics. On Oct. 28, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner became Argentina's president-elect.

November 1, 2007: Migrant Remittances Newsletter: November 2007 Issue (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Anna Ferro
Migrant Remittances is a forum to share information about migrant remittances (debates, new developments or initiatives, new data, case studies, and publications). The newsletter is sponsored by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and produced by DAI.

November 1, 2007: Haiti: Real Progress, Real Fragility (PDF)
By Peter D. Bell, The Right Honorable Joe Clark, Carlo Dade, Dan Erikson, Peter Hakim
Haitian President René Préval says that his country no longer deserves its "failed state" stigma, and he is right. Haiti's recent progress is real and profound, but it is jeopardized by continued institutional dysfunction, including the government's inexperience in working with Parliament. There is an urgent need to create jobs, attract investment, overhaul and expand access to basic social services, and achieve tangible signs of economic recovery. Now that the United Nations has extended its peacekeeping mandate until October 2008, the international community must seek ways to expand the Haitian state's capacity to absorb development aid and improve the welfare of the population. The alternative could be dangerous backsliding.

November 1, 2007: U.S. Cuba Relations in 2007: Trade, Security, and Diplomacy (PDF)
By Dan Erikson and Kate Neeper
In July 2006, Fidel Castro passed power to his younger brother and defense minister Raúl Castro and a team of other ministers on a provisional basis. Since then, the U.S.-Cuba relationship has been hovering on the brink of the post-Fidel era. There is little question that the tense and estranged relationship between the two countries is about to enter a new phase. The unresolved question is whether the future of U.S.-Cuban relations will look much different from the present.

October 30, 2007: Calderón se consolida tras un año de gobierno
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
El 1º de diciembre Felipe Calderón cumple un año al frente de México. Por las controversias suscitadas por la elección de 2006 y la resistencia a admitir sus resultados de parte de Andrés Manuel López Obrador y un sector del Partido de la Revolución Democrática, México parecía abocado a un largo período de incertidumbre.

October 18, 2007: Sending Money Home: Worldwide Remittance Flows to Developing Countries (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Fund for Agricultural Development
This report represents a baseline in a series of regional documents aimed at highlighting the importance of the rural remittances in developing countries and their potential to stimulate local economic activity. The following worldwide remittance map seeks to quantify the overall flow of remittances and highlight the importance they may play in the development of rural areas of the developing world. It compiles the best available information on migrant populations, the percentage of migrants sending remittances, average amounts remitted annually and the average frequency of annual transfers. Central banks and other official government sources, money transfer companies, international organizations and academic institutions were used for reference support. The map covers more than 150 developing countries* – many for the first time.

October 18, 2007: Estimating Global Remittance Flows: A Methodology (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Fund for Agricultural Development
This note describes the methodology that was used to estimate global remittance flows (both formal and informal). Any attempt to produce a global estimate of remittances will rely on extrapolations where data are nonexistent, insufficient, or unreliable. The method use for this study was the combined use of primary and secondary sources of data on patterns of remitting, with the data on global migration that were derived from the Global Migrant Origin Database (GMOD). The GMOD project informs on the number of migrants, their origin, and destination.

October 12, 2007: Remittances, competition and fair financial access opportunities in Nigeria (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Bryanna Millis
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development
This report presents the findings of a study on remittances to Nigeria and explores the policy and development implications for senders and recipients. The main problem identified in the findings is that the competitive environment for money transfers in Nigeria is highly constrained. This is due to near monopolistic conditions by one Money Transfer Organization and the fact that banks are the only entities legally authorized to perform international payments. These conditions actually facilitate informal transfers. Other findings in this report show that there is willingness among banks and other financial institutions to entertain alternative strategies, including partnerships with alternative MTOs or innovative technologies for money transfers.

October 2, 2007: Toward the Mainstream: Remittances and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Testimony presented before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere at the hearing entitled, “Leveraging Remittances for Families and Communities”. October 2, 2007.

October 1, 2007: Poverty and Inequality in Latin America: How the U.S. Can Really Help (PDF)
By Nancy Birdsall and Peter Hakim
For the last two decades, Washington's limited attention to Latin America has focused mainly on promotion of free trade and opposition to narcotics trafficking and security threats. Not since President Kennedy launched his Alliance for Progress in 1961 has social development been the centerpiece of U.S. policy in Latin America. While the bulk of reforms to address the region’s pervasive poverty and inequality must come from governments, corporations and civil societies of Latin America itself, there is much that the United States can do to help. This brief describes the political risks poverty and inequality pose for the region and the hemisphere, including the United States, and lays out a practical agenda for U.S. assistance.

October 1, 2007: How Competitive are Latin America’s Schools? (PDF)
By Tamara Ortega Goodspeed and Jeffrey Puryear
Source: FOCALPoint
Good education prepares people to work and lays the foundation for stronger institutions, greater transparency and good governance - all of which allow economies to function smoothly. Unfortunately, Latin American schools are not very competitive - with major failings in quantity, quality and equity.

September 17, 2007: Central America: remittances and the macroeconomic variable (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Report prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank. This report provides an analysis of the relationship between remittances and the local economies in Central America, with special attention to Nicaragua and Guatemala. Based on time series quarterly data and nationwide surveys, the report looks at the impact of remittances on growth, exchange rates and savings in Central America. The report also provides some policy recommendations to leverage and mitigate the impact of remittances.

September 1, 2007: Trade and Investment in the Americas (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
Report of the Tenth Anniversary Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF) Conference on September 7-8, 2006.

August 15, 2007: Estándares en Educación. Implicancias para su Aplicación en América Latina (PDF)
By Guillermo Ferrer
This book was written by Guillermo Ferrer, within the framework of PREAL’s Working Group on Education Standards and Assessment. It describes the trends, emphases, and implications of the learning standards currently being established and implemented in Latin America. Spanish.

August 7, 2007: China, Taiwan, and the Battle for Latin America* (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Janice Chen
“Published in The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs

June 25, 2007: Worker Remittances and the Financial Sector: issues and lessons in the South Caucasus (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
This report presents the results of a regional and comparative study of the flows of remittances to Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova and their relationship to the financial sector, its industry and marketplace. The study analyzes the inflow of unilateral transfers known as remittances in connection with different economic sectors. Specifically, the study focuses on macroeconomic dynamics, payment system modernization, the market for transfers, cross sale of financial services, securitization and bond issuing if possible, remittance and financial literacy, regulatory balance between payment systems and migration management and the macroeconomics of finance.

May 1, 2007: A Lot to Do: A Report Card on Education in Central America and the Dominican Republic, 2007 (PDF)
By PREAL
This report provides an overview of the current state of education in Central America and the Dominican Republic, and highlights areas of progress and concern since 2003, using a report card format. English and Spanish.

April 1, 2007: A democracia americana
By Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Oped published in Globo, Estado de S.Paulo, Zéro Hora

April 1, 2007: Card-Based Remittances: A Closer Look at Supply and Demand (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco, Katy Jacob & Jennifer Tescher
Source: The Center for Financial Services Innovation
This report presents the results of an analysis of the supply and demand for card-based transfers among migrants. We analyze a nationwide study of Latin American and Caribbean migrant remittance senders and their access and use of card products of all kinds. Coupled with extensive interviews with card-based remittance providers, this analysis allows us to investigate the relationship between the supply for card-based remittances and remittance senders’ demands for financial products.

February 1, 2007: 2006 Program Report (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
A summary overview of the Inter-American Dialogue’s work in 2006.

January 1, 2007: Global Remittances and the Law – A Review of Regional Trends and Regulatory Issues (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: International Migration Law: Developing Paradigms and Key Challenges
One of the problems in remittance transfers stems from a lack of correspondence between rules imposed on transfers and people’s (remitters and businesses) realistic capacity to comply with them. For example, remitters are often required to provide inaccessible forms of identification or companies are required to police their clients. The end result is that people choose informal networks. It is thus important to find a balance between reality and the law in order to improve the ability to regulate these increasingly important economic practices.

January 1, 2007: Migrant Foreign Savings and Asset Accumulation (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco
Source: Reducing Global Poverty: The Case for Asset Accumulation
This chapter explores the relationships between migrant foreign savings and financial asset accumulation. Primarily, it distinguishes between different types of transnational economic activities that migrants engage in and demonstrates that not all of them are equally conducive to asset accumulation.

December 1, 2005: Cuba, Venezuela and the Americas: A Changing Landscape (PDF)
By The Cuba Forum

April 1, 2003: Venezuela off the Radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
In Washington, Hugo Chavez does not command the attention of Saddam Hussein or Kim Jung II. The Venezuelan president has been accused of many things, but never of possessing weapons of mass destruction. Significantly, Chavez has legality on his side: he was democratically elected, twice, by a majority of Venezuelans. According to the country’s constitution, he can – provided he is reelected in 2006 – remain in office for a total of 13 years.

November 1, 1992: Un Brindis por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate

November 1, 1992: A Toast to Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate

March 30, 1988: Central America Gives Us an Opening (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Los Angeles Times

September 1, 1987: Positive Containment in Nicaragua (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Foreign Policy

August 14, 1987: If Nicaragua's Neighbors Have Faith, So Should We (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Los Angeles Times

March 29, 1968: Guatemala and Counter-terror (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky
Source: Declassified State Department Cables