Inter-American Dialogue Inter-American Dialogue
About the DialogueMembersEventsPublicationsImpactSupport Program Agenda

Publication Search Results

 

Your search produced 663 results. Search Again.

December 9, 2014: Should Money Transmitters Be Required to Verify Migration Status?
By Adalberto Palma Gómez, Dan Stein, Earl Jarrett, David Landsman, Kai Schmitz
Source: Latin America Advisor
A bill pending in the U.S. Congress would require money transmitters to verify their customers' immigration status and collect a 7 percent penalty from customers who cannot prove that they are legally in the United States. Is this measure good policy? How would such a law affect companies that offer remittance services? How would Latin American and Caribbean countries that have large immigrant populations in the United States be affected

November 14, 2014: ¿Debería hacerse algo para mejorar el sistema internacional de derechos humanos?
By Sonia Picado
Source: Latin America Advisor
República Dominicana se retiró de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos a principios de noviembre, apenas unas semanas luego de que el tribunal irritara al gobierno con un fallo apuntando que discrimina a personas dominicanas de ascendencia haitiana. Otros dos países, Trinidad y Tobago y Venezuela, también se han retirado de la corte poco después de fallos con los que sus gobiernos no estaban de acuerdo. ¿Qué tan efectivos pueden ser los órganos judiciales internacionales si el cumplimiento es voluntario y los países pueden simplemente retirarse cuando no están de acuerdo? ¿Debería hacerse algo para mejorar el sistema, o es su desempeño el que se esperaba?

November 4, 2014: Would Expanding Preschool & Daycare Benefit Latin America?
By Claudio X. González Guajardo, Ariel Fiszbein
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombian Finance Minister Mauricio Cárdenas said last month that the country's tax reforms would help pay to expand early childhood education, adding that 2.4 million children younger than five are in families too poor to afford preschool. A few days later, Brazilian presidential candidate Aécio Neves proposed expanding preschool to all children in the country as well as creating universal access to daycare. To what extent would expanding preschool and daycare benefit Latin American countries, when even some industrialized countries like the United States do not offer those benefits? Are such initiatives likely to be realized in the region? Are there drawbacks to such plans?

October 22, 2014: Falling Oil Prices Push Venezuela, Maduro Closer to the Edge
By Paul Shortell
Source: World Politics Review
With crude oil prices down 25 percent since June and holding at roughly $86 a barrel on Tuesday, Venezuela is getting nervous. Lower prices will put greater strain on Venezuela’s oil-reliant economy as its government struggles with growing macroeconomic imbalances. Yet even with all the problems that reduced oil prices create for his administration, President Nicolas Maduro is doubling down on his current policies.

October 14, 2014: What Should Bolivians Expect From a Third Morales Term?
By Miguel Centellas, César Arias, Jaime Aparicio, Kathryn Ledebur, Delfina Cavanagh, Roberto Laserna
Source: Latin America Advisor
Bolivian President Evo Morales won re-election on Sunday, Oct. 12 with an estimated 60 percent of the vote. What can investors expect from another Morales administration? What do Sunday's legislative election results suggest about Morales' governing strength and maneuverability moving ahead? Will anticipated lower prices for natural gas, an important export commodity for Bolivia, undermine the recent momentum in the economy? What economic priorities would you advise Morales to set for his next term?

October 8, 2014: How Is Latin America's Middle Class Faring?
By George Gray Molina, John Price, and Jeff Dayton-Johnson
Experts George Gray Molina, John Price, and Jeff Dayton-Johnson assess the state of Latin America's middle class in the October 8 issue of the Latin America Advisor.

September 26, 2014: Colombia eyes interconnection with Chile
By Arron Daugherty
Source: Business News Americas
Colombia is looking to interconnect its electricity grid as far as Chile, Lisa Viscidi of think tank Inter-American Dialogue told BNamericas.

September 12, 2014: Building on Strengths, Collaborating on Challenges
By Mary Dempsey
Regional integration, social inclusion, and the need for a more competitive business climate in Latin America emerged as recurring themes at the XVIII Annual CAF Conference. Some 1,200 past and present government officials, lawmakers, diplomats, academics, economists, journalists, policymakers, and other participants gathered in Washington, DC, on September 3 and 4 to discuss the most pressing challenges and opportunities in the Western Hemisphere.

September 11, 2014: Mexico energy reform gives Colombia the jitters
By Arron Daugherty and Lisa Viscidi
Source: Business News Americas
In the first of a two-part series, Inter-American Dialogue's energy, climate change and extractive industries program director Lisa Viscidi talks to BNamericas about how the Colombian government is looking to increase oil reserves and maintain competitiveness as Mexico opens its hydrocarbons market.

July 28, 2014: In Need of Investment, Peru Rolls Back Environmental Standards
By Paul Shortell
Source: World Politics Review
After a run of good years, Peru’s government faces mounting economic challenges. On July 11, President Ollanta Humala unveiled a series of reforms intended to stabilize Peru’s economy and shore up investor confidence. Approved by the Permanent Committee of Peru’s Congress, the package includes outstanding debt forgiveness for businesses and long-term tax restructuring intended to improve Peru’s investment climate. But more controversially, the newly approved laws will roll back pollution standards and fast-track environmental licensing for new energy and mining projects.

July 20, 2014: Año de elecciones en Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
En el período de un año desde 2013 a noviembre 2014, se producen las elecciones presidenciales en nueve países de América Latina, la mitad de las naciones de la región.

July 11, 2014: A Difficult Balancing Act
By Lisa Viscidi
Source: El Tiempo
After winning a second term, the hard work now begins for President Juan Manuel Santos. And that applies not only to advancing the peace process but also to achieving broader social harmony. For the energy sector, Santos must build support from business and social movements for policies that promote investment while ensuring the greatest overall benefits for the country.

July 1, 2014: Estados Unidos y América Latina: ¿una nueva agenda política?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foro Internacional de Análisis Político
Peter Hakim habla sobre las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina y la posibilidad de una nueva agenda política en las Américas en el IV Foro Internacional de América (FIAP).

June 30, 2014: La permanencia de la corrupción en Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
A excepción de unos pocos países, la corrupción es endémica en toda América Latina. A pesar de la retórica de los dirigentes políticos de todas las tendencias ideológicas, afianzada por tratados regionales, planes nacionales, y miles de campañas, la región ha hecho escasos progresos para acabar, o incluso modestamente frenar, las prácticas de corrupción en los últimos 20 años.

June 20, 2014: Ecuador: ¿Es probable que se apruebe la enmienda constitucional?
By Felipe Burbano, Patricia de la Torre, César Montúfar
Source: Latin America Advisor
El presidente ecuatoriano, Rafael Correa, dijo recientemente que pedirá a los miembros de la mayoría legislativa de su partido aprobar una enmienda constitucional que permitiría la reelección indefinida para todos los políticos en el país. Correa, cuyo mandato expira en 2017, no ha dicho si él buscaría la reelección. ¿Es probable que se apruebe la enmienda constitucional? ¿Qué hay detrás de la decisión de Correa para impulsar este cambio ahora? ¿Son los límites del término constitucional una práctica buena o mala?

June 16, 2014: Can Santos Finally Make Peace in Colombia?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Santos's ability to give the peace issue a sharper, more concrete focus and generate enthusiasm -- if not for him personally than for the wider cause -- helps account for the impressive reversal in the Bogotá battleground from the first to the second round

May 28, 2014: The Brawl In Bogotá
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Four years ago, Colombia -- Washington's closest ally on the continent and a nation that a decade earlier had been widely viewed as on the verge of being a failed state -- bore all the traces of continuing a remarkable transition to a robust democracy.

May 27, 2014: Colombia: ¿Fue el segundo lugar un revés para la campaña de Santos?
By Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Source: Latin America Advisor
El domingo, Óscar Iván Zuluaga ganó más votos que el presidente Juan Manuel Santos en la primera vuelta de las elecciones presidenciales de Colombia. Ya que ninguno de los candidatos alcanzó la mayoría requerida por ley para ser electo, los dos se enfrentarán en una segunda vuelta en junio. ¿Fue el segundo lugar un revés para la campaña de Santos?¿Qué temas resonaron más con los votantes el domingo y por qué ha caído el apoyo a Santos? ¿ Qué dicen estos resultados acerca de la percepción que tienen los colombianos de las negociaciones de paz con las FARC? ¿Una victoria de Zuluaga el próximo mes significaría el fin de las negociaciones? ¿Quién ganará el 15 de junio?

May 26, 2014: Se avecinan tormentas en la educación en América Latina
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: El País
En El País, Ariel Fiszbein, director del Programa de Educación (PREAL), discute la reforma educativa en los países de América Latina. Aunque existen tensiones, argua Fiszbein, estas son extremadamente positivas y reflejan que la sociedad latinoamericana reconoce la importancia de la educación.

May 15, 2014: Is Chavismo Coming to an End in Venezuela?
By Otto Reich, Michael Shifter, Daniel Hellinger, David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
A Datanalisis survey published May 5 by El Universal showed growing impatience among Venezuelans for President Nicolás Maduro's government. Sixty percent of those surveyed disapproved of Maduro's administration, while 80 percent thought the country was going in the wrong direction. What factors are driving those poll numbers, and will Maduro continue losing support among Venezuelans? Might he be forced out of office before his term is scheduled to expire in 2019? Is Chavismo coming to an end, and what would most likely replace it?

April 26, 2014: Venezuela en su hora decisiva
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Es tentador creer que Venezuela está en un punto de inflexión. Liderados por los estudiantes y algunos sectores de la oposición, las protestas de los últimos dos meses han provocado 41 fallecidos, más de 650 heridos y cientos de detenidos. Dado que la mayor parte de la violencia y la represión ha corrido por cuenta del gobierno y sus partidarios, es alentador que hayan acordado un diálogo con la oposición.

April 26, 2014: A Crucial Moment for Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
It is tempting to believe Venezuela is at a turning point. Led by students and segments of the opposition, protests over the past two months have resulted in 41 deaths, over 650 injured, and hundreds more imprisoned. Since most of the violence and repression has come at the hands of the government and its supporters, it is encouraging that they have agreed to a dialogue with opposition figures.

April 2, 2014: Chinese Finance to Latin America Tops $100 Billion Since 2005
By Amos Irwin and Kevin Gallagher
Chinese finance to sovereign governments, state-owned enterprises and a handful of private firms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) surged to $20.1 billion in 2013. These estimates, as well as data on Chinese financing from previous years, are available in the China-Latin America Finance Database, a collaborative project between the Inter-American Dialogue (IAD) and the Global Economic Governance Initiative (GEGI) at Boston University.

April 2, 2014: Chinese Finance to Latin America Tops $100 Billion Since 2005 (Chinese) (PDF)
By Amos Irwin and Kevin Gallagher
Chinese finance to sovereign governments, state-owned enterprises and a handful of private firms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) surged to $20.1 billion in 2013. These estimates, as well as data on Chinese financing from previous years, are available in the China-Latin America Finance Database, a collaborative project between the Inter-American Dialogue (IAD) and the Global Economic Governance Initiative (GEGI) at Boston University.

March 4, 2014: A Joint Declaration on Venezuela
By Oscar Arias Sánchez, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Ricardo Lagos and Alejandro Toledo
As friends of Venezuelan democracy, we are confident that the country will succeed in overcoming the extreme polarization and intolerance that have dominated the political scene in recent years – evils which have eroded the efficacy of internal mechanisms for democratic debate as well as confidence in the Independence and impartiality of many important institutions. At the same time, we call on the international community to make a concerted effort to strengthen democracy and preserve the peace in Venezuela.

March 4, 2014: Una Declaración Conjunta sobre Venezuela
By Oscar Arias Sánchez, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Ricardo Lagos y Alejandro Toledo
Como amigos que somos de la democracia venezolana, confiamos que ese país logre superar la extrema polarización y la intolerancia que han dominado la escena política en los últimos años, males que han venido erosionando la eficacia de las diversas instancias internas para el debate democrático así como la confianza en la independencia e imparcialidad de numerosas y relevantes instituciones. Al mismo tiempo, hacemos un llamado a la comunidad internacional a sumarse a un esfuerzo concertado para el fortalecimiento de la democracia y la preservación de la paz en Venezuela.

March 3, 2014: Venezuela y la izquierda borbónica
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: La Tercera
¿Cómo se puede luchar por la profundización de la democracia en Chile y justificar, en Venezuela, el encarcelamiento de un líder opositor, acusado por el Jefe de Estado de actos que en toda democracia son legítimos?

March 2, 2014: Venezuela Needs Its Neighbors
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Events in the Ukraine have surely lifted the morale of anti-government protestors in Venezuela and probably elevated their expectations as well. No question, there are many parallels between the South American and Eastern European nations.

March 2, 2014: Venezuela necesita a sus vecinos
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
Las manifestaciones que llevaron a la salida del mandatario de Ucrania seguramente levantaron la moral de aquellos que protestan contra el gobierno en Venezuela; y probablemente también elevaron sus expectativas. Sin duda hay muchos paralelos entre la nación sudamericana y la de Europa del Este.

February 26, 2014: Will Venezuela's Deadly Protests Spin Out of Control?
By Michael Shifter, Peter Winn and David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Deadly protests, the largest since President Nicolás Maduro's election last year, have wracked Venezuela in recent weeks. The demonstrations were punctuated on Feb. 18 by the arrest of opposition leader Leopoldo López, who had been organizing the protests. Why did these protests erupt now, and why did they turn deadly this time? Does the situation pose a threat to Maduro's government? How will López's jailing affect the opposition?

February 24, 2014: América Latina debe actuar ante crisis venezolana
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
¿Puede el gobierno liderado por Nicolás Maduro sobrevivir a la ola de protestas callejeras que se han extendido por toda Venezuela en las últimas dos semanas? ¿Va a hacer concesiones a los manifestantes? Las respuestas no son claras. Pero lo que está claro hasta ahora es que lo que suceda en Venezuela no será por la presión ejercida por sus vecinos.

February 24, 2014: Latin America Must Act
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Can the government led by Nicolas Maduro survive the wave of street protests that have spread throughout Venezuela over the past two weeks? Will he make any concessions to the protesters? The answers are unclear. But what is clear until now is whatever happens in Venezuela will not be because of any pressure applied by the country’s neighbors.

February 16, 2014: The Promise of a Pacific Alliance
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Free trade supporters are cheering the Pacific Alliance and it is easy to understand why. Comprised of Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile, the bloc accounts for more than a third of Latin America’s gross domestic product and has moved quickly on a path to integrate their economies since it was formally established 20 months ago.

February 16, 2014: Promisoria Alianza del Pacífico
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera
Los partidarios del libre comercio están animando la Alianza del Pacífico, y es fácil entender por qué. Compuesta por México, Colombia, Perú y Chile, el bloque representa más de un tercio del Producto Interno Bruto de América Latina y se ha movido rápidamente hacia la integración de sus economías desde que se estableció formalmente hace 20 meses.

February 4, 2014: Terrorist Groups in Latin America: The Changing Landscape
By Michael Shifter
Source: Statement before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade
Latin America has undergone a dramatic transformation in recent decades. Most of the changes have been positive. The region has grown economically, poverty and inequality rates have fallen, and in most countries democratic governance and pragmatic politics have made notable strides. On the negative side of the ledger is spreading criminality in many countries, often fueled by a widespread drug trade and other illicit activities. The result has been institutional fragility and persistent corruption.

January 26, 2014: Why the U.S. should legalize marijuana
By Peter Hakim and Cameron Combs
Source: Miami Herald
Tiny Uruguay made waves a month ago by becoming the first nation anywhere to fully legalize the sale and use of recreational marijuana. Colorado and Washington, however, had already beaten them to the punch, and a handful of other states are expected soon to follow suit.

January 9, 2014: China and Latin America in 2013
By Peter Hakim and Margaret Myers
Source: China Policy Review
2013 was the 15th year of China’s “going out” initiative. During this period, the Asian giant’s economic relations with Latin America expanded rapidly. Today China’s trade with Brazil, Chile, and Peru tops that of any other country and some estimates suggest that in 15 years, China will become Latin America’s largest trade partner.

January 8, 2014: PISA and the State of Education in Latin America
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: PREAL Blog
PISA plays a critical role in enabling international comparisons of results and giving a complementary perspective of the most frequent measurements of learning at the national level. It reminds us that we can learn from the experience of others, without suggesting that we should mechanically copy policies and programs.

January 8, 2014: La prueba PISA y el estado de la educación en América Latina
By Ariel Fiszbein
Source: PREAL Blog
PISA, así como otras pruebas internacionales, cumple un rol crítico al permitir la comparación de resultados que da una perspectiva complementaria a las más frecuentes mediciones de aprendizaje a nivel nacional. PISA nos recuerda que podemos aprender de la experiencia de otros, sin que eso implique copiar mecánicamente políticas y programas.

January 7, 2014: U.S. Learning to Live With Strained Ecuador Ties
By Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
Since President Rafael Correa came to power seven years ago, U.S. relations with Ecuador have been rocky and in dealing with Correa, Washington faces difficult policy choices.

January 6, 2014: The Future of Inter-American Relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: Calgary Papers in Military and Strategic Studies
The United States and Latin America have been drifting apart for a decade or more. The critical question, however, is not where inter-American relations stand today, but where they are headed in the coming decades. An examination of three major scenarios is meant to contribute to an understanding of the principal factors that will likely shape the future of hemispheric affairs.

December 30, 2013: Four Top Stories from Latin America in 2013
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
In 2013, four news stories in Latin America stood out. All have long histories and huge implications. They are still evolving, and bear close watching in 2014.

December 30, 2013: Lo que le dejó el año a América Latina y que seguirá en 2014
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En 2013 se destacaron cuatro grandes noticias en América Latina. Todas tienen largas historias y enormes implicaciones. Todavía están evolucionando, y estarán bajo vigilancia en 2014.

December 23, 2013: How Will Latin American Economies Perform in 2014?
By Alicia Bárcena, Alfredo Coutiño, and Erich Arispe
Source: Latin America Advisor
Economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean has been in "low gear," the International Monetary Fund said in October. What will drive the region's economic growth in the coming year? Which countries will experience solid economic expansion in 2014, and which will struggle? Where have government policies done the most good or damage to growth?

December 20, 2013: What Does 2014 Hold for U.S.-Latin America Relations?
By Arturo Sarukhán, Rubens Barbosa, Peter Hakim, Julia Buxton, and Riordan Roett
Source: Latin America Advisor
What lies ahead for U.S.-Latin America relations in the coming year? To what extent will the Obama administration seek to strengthen ties in the region? How much will Latin American countries want to work with the United States?

December 20, 2013: The Top 2013 LGBT Stories from the Americas
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: Huffington Post
Our hemisphere is quickly becoming one of the most gay-friendly territories in the world. It has far and beyond the most people living with access to marriage equality, not to mention the largest pride celebration on Earth. Many countries in the Americas are expanding their safeguards against discrimination and boast some of the world's most vibrant LGBT movements. But not everything is advancing in a positive direction. This is our pick for the top LGBT stories - both positive and negative - from the Americas in 2013.

December 6, 2013: President Juan Manuel Santos Comes to Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
President Santos’ visit to the United States this week reaffirmed that Colombia is the United States’ principal ally in South America—and that Colombia highly values its close ties with Washington.

December 6, 2013: Tras la visita de Santos a Obama, todo sigue igual: es decir, bien
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La visita en esta semana del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos a EE.UU. reafirma que Colombia es el principal aliado de Estados Unidos en Sudamérica además de estar entre sus principales socios comerciales -- Y también que Colombia saborea sus estrechos lazos con Washington.

November 21, 2013: My way or the "trail"
By Scott Odell
Source: The Broker
There is no easy answer to the question of the fate of Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT region, but a few key steps can maximize the areas of agreement of the many vested interests.

October 27, 2013: Dictaduras del Siglo XXI
By Emilio Palacio entrevista a Osvaldo Hurtado
Source: ÚnetEcuador
El ex presidente del Ecuador Osvaldo Hurtado visitó Estados Unidos para promover su libro Dictaduras del Siglo XXI, ahora traducido al inglés. Le pedí conversar y aceptó de inmediato. Fue una charla extensa con uno de los pocos jefes de la oposición que se atreve a tildar de dictador a Rafael Correa.

October 21, 2013: Why Have Businesses in Colombia Become so Pessimistic?
By Antonio Navarro Wolff, Alexander Chalmers, and Andy Webb-Vidal
In August, the level of business confidence in Colombia fell to its lowest level since 2009, according to local think tank Fedesarrollo. Why have businesses operating in Colombia become so pessimistic? To what extent have the policies of President Juan Manuel Santos helped or hindered businesses? Which sectors have thrived during Santos' administration, and which have struggled?

October 6, 2013: La maniobra de Maduro frente a Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace cuatro meses, después de una reunión entre el secretario de Estado de EE. UU. John Kerry y el ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Venezuela, Elías Jaua, en la Asamblea General de la OEA en Guatemala, un eventual reacercamiento entre Washington y Caracas parecía posible. Las relaciones políticas han sido tensas y conflictivas desde que Hugo Chávez llegó al poder en 1999.

October 6, 2013: Maduro's Latest US Maneuvers
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Four months ago, an eventual rapprochement between Washington and Caracas looked possible. Unfortunately, hope for better relations quickly faded with the recent expulsion of US and Venezuelan diplomats.

September 30, 2013: Was Maduro's Recent Trip to China a Success?
By Riordan Roett, Margaret Myers, Gustavo Roosen, and Dan Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro this month made a three-day visit to China, his first official state trip abroad since taking office in April. Was the trip a success for Maduro? For China?

September 24, 2013: Why Are Tensions Rising Between Nicaragua & its Neighbors?
By Francisco Campbell, Christine Wade, and Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Source: Latin America Advisor
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega recently said the country will seek to regain control of Guanacaste province, which it lost to Costa Rica in 1824. Meanwhile, tensions between Nicaragua and Colombia over their maritime boundaries, ostensibly settled by an International Court of Justice ruling late last year, have been reignited. What is behind Ortega's bellicose statements?

September 9, 2013: Development vs. Conservation: Global Trends in the Battle Over Oil in Ecuador’s Yasuní Rainforest
By Scott Odell
Source: New Security Beat
Ecuador, the OPEC member with the smallest amount of proven oil reserves, has gained outsized attention in the debate over the future of oil extraction in recent days and may well play a decisive role in the outcome of the global tension between economic development and environmental conservation.

July 30, 2013: China y EE.UU. en Latam: ¿quien gana?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
No hay que negar que EE.UU. y China están compitiendo por mercados y oportunidades de inversión en Latinoamérica, pero no existe ningún conflicto serio entre China y Estados Unidos relacionado con la región. Mirando hacia el futuro, Washington tendría que continuar dando la bienvenida a la presencia activa y en expansión de China en Latinoamérica, tanto como China tendría que celebrar un fuerte rol de EE.UU.

July 17, 2013: Why Latin America (Hearts) Snowden
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
Edward Snowden requested political asylum of 20 or more countries across the globe to avoid facing espionage charges in the United States. Though he is now seeking temporary asylum from Russia, where he has been stranded in the Moscow airport, only a few nations, all in Latin America, have been openly receptive to his pleas.

July 17, 2013: ¿Por qué Latinoamérica abre su corazón a Snowden?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
Edward Snowden pidió asilo político en 20 o más países de todo el mundo para evitar enfrentar cargos por espionaje en Estados Unidos. Aunque ahora está solicitando asilo temporal en Rusia, donde se encuentra varado en el aeropuerto de Moscú, sólo unas pocas naciones, todas ellas en América Latina, se han mostrado receptivamente abiertas a sus pedidos.

July 8, 2013: Are Latin American Countries Thumbing Their Noses at the U.S.?
By William McIlhenny, Daniela Chacón Arias, and Carl Meacham
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden is the latest high-profile fugitive to seek political asylum from the United States in Latin America. Why are some governments in the region so eager to thumb their noses at the United States?

June 24, 2013: A Bolivarian Dream Deferred
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The Latin American left is back in the news thanks to the Edward Snowden saga, but the movement still hasn't found a leader to replace Hugo Chávez.

June 4, 2013: What Trends Have Been Driving Investment in the Region?
By Roberto Baquerizo, Alfredo Coutiño, Luis Oganes, and Lisa M. Schineller
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin America and the Caribbean received a record $173.36 billion of foreign direct investment last year, a 6.7 percent increase from 2011, according to data released May 14 by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. What factors and global trends have been driving these investments? Which countries fared best, and worst, in attracting foreign investment, and why? Will FDI in 2013 and 2014 continue to gain steam?

May 29, 2013: Is Freedom of the Press in Danger in Latin America?
By Luis Manuel Botello, Horacio Verbitsky, and Carlos Lauría
Source: Latin America Advisor
Concerns about press freedom in the Americas have been in the headlines recently. In Colombia, authorities have warned the public of a plot by an organized crime group to kill several high-profile journalists. In Argentina, opposition leader and Buenos Aires City Mayor Mauricio Macri signed a decree "to guarantee protection to journalists and media in the city" as the government's ongoing dispute with country's largest media company has intensified. In Venezuela, the last major opposition television station was sold to investors believed to be friendly with the administration President Nicolás Maduro. What do these developments say about press freedom in the Americas? What are the most important trends that stakeholders (government, businesses, civil society) need to pay attention to? How has the evolution of social media and wider access to the Internet and communications technologies changed the debate over freedom of the press?

May 23, 2013: A Tribute to Albert O. Hirschman
By Alejandro Foxley
Jeremy Adelman has written an extraordinary book about an extraordinary person: "Worldly Philosopher: The Odyssey of Albert O. Hirschman." After his death, "The Economist" posed the right question: why had Hirschman not been awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics?

May 14, 2013: The Politics of Poverty: South America's Conditional Cash Transfers (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: World Politics Review
The cross-country comparison suggests that however well designed and intentioned social programs might be, they are most likely to be sustainable if they are carried out within a context of effective democratic institutions. This is critical to ensuring that spending is adequately tailored to the changing needs of recipients instead of merely buttressing support for traditional officeholders. In this regard, political and institutional factors are central in accounting for the relative success of social policy experiments throughout Latin America.

May 13, 2013: How Solid Is Morales' Support as he Looks to a Third Term?
By Carlos Mesa, Kathryn Ledebur, Iván C. Rebolledo, and Miguel Centellas
Source: Latin America Advisor
Bolivia's Constitutional Court ruled last month that President Evo Morales can seek a third term in the presidential election scheduled for December 2014. How solid is Morales' support as he looks toward his next campaign? How strong is the opposition, and what could Morales' rivals do to gain an edge? Will Morales choose to make 2014 his last run for office?

May 8, 2013: Las mujeres de América Latina, al alza (PDF)
By Joan Caivano and Jane Marcus-Delgado
Source: Polítca Exterior
En las últimas dos décadas, el avance de la participación política de las mujeres en América Latina ha sido espectacular. La región, sin embargo, registra las mayores tasas del mundo en violencia contra las mujeres y mortalidad maternal a causa de abortos ilegales.

May 3, 2013: What Does the Future Hold for U.S.-Venezuela Relations?
By Michael Shifter, Gustavo Roosen, and Mark Weisbrot
Source: Latin America Advisor
The future of U.S.-Venezuela relations remains uncertain in the early days of the Nicolás Maduro administration. Maduro has voiced a desire for "respectful relations" with the United States, though Washington has still not recognized his government. The United States has denied that it is considering sanctions against Venezuela, and Venezuelan authorities recently arrested a U.S. citizen on accusations of attempting to spark social unrest. The State Department has denied any efforts to destabilize the Venezuelan government. Will U.S.-Venezuela relations be better or worse under Maduro than they were under Hugo Chávez? What do Maduro's cabinet picks portend about the future of bilateral relations? Should businesses be more worried about political risk in Venezuela now than they were when Chávez was alive?

April 29, 2013: John Kerry repite la visión que Hillary Clinton tuvo en los últimos cuatro años (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Las declaraciones del secretario de Estado, John Kerry, hacen eco de lo que precisamente su redecesora en el cargo, Hillary Clinton, decía repetidamente en los últimos cuatro años. La diferencia ahora, en el segundo periodo de su gobierno, es que Barack Obama no parece dispuesto a gastar tanto tiempo en tratar de mejorar las relaciones con gobiernos que han sido inamistosos con Washington.

April 9, 2013: Why Is the OAS Human Rights Commission Under Fire?
By Carmen Lomellin, Nathalie Cely, and Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Organization of American States on March 22 rejected attempts by the governments of Venezuela and allied leftist countries to block outside funding for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Opponents of the effort to block funding say the move would have neutralized the work of the commission, which has angered leftist governments of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, or ALBA. What would rejecting outside funding have done to the IACHR? Do the ALBA countries have a legitimate gripe with the commission? Is the IACHR effective at protecting human rights in the hemisphere?

April 5, 2013: The End of Chavez Reveals U.S. Missteps
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
The acclaim and praise of late President Hugo Chavez throughout Latin America suggests a troubling degree of indifference to the US.

March 27, 2013: Post Chavez: Can U.S. rebuild Latin American ties?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Reuters
The funeral of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez earlier this month was a massive celebration of a vitriolic foe of the United States. This tribute should make Washington take a fresh look not only at its relations with Venezuela but also with all of Latin America.

March 23, 2013: Farewell Comandante: Venezuela without Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Diplomatist
Since Hugo Chavez first came to power in Venezuela in early 1999, there has been no shortage of speculation about how the regime would ultimately end and what scenarios would eventually follow. Yet few, if any, contemplated the possibility that Chavez would end up leaving the political scene he so thoroughly dominated for 14 years as a result of a severe illness, at the age of 58.

March 19, 2013: What Is Driving Peru's Relationship With China?
By Cynthia McClintock, Margaret Myers, and Carlos Mateo Paz-Soldan
President Ollanta Humala will pay an official visit to Beijing in April, Peru's government announced earlier this month. While China has reportedly invested about $6 billion in Peru over the past three years, Foreign Minister Rafael Roncagliolo recently called on Chinese companies to diversify their investments in the Andean nation, naming specifically the infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology sectors. What is the state of Peru-China commercial ties today? What is driving the bilateral relationship, and what things stand in the way of improvement? Who stands to benefit or lose the most from expanding Peru-China ties?

March 13, 2013: The Decade that Was (2003-2013)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El País
Latin America has, for the most part, seen sustained growth, reduced levels of poverty and equality, and rising confidence and activism on the global stage

March 13, 2013: La década que fue (2003-2013)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El País
América Latina ha visto casi en su totalidad un crecimiento sostenido, niveles de pobreza y desigualdad más reducidos y un aumento de la confianza y el activismo en el escenario mundial.

March 11, 2013: The Empire Makes Nice
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Four years ago, when the first Obama administration was still hopeful about the prospects of resetting relationships with U.S. adversaries in the world, Venezuela was high on the list.

March 7, 2013: With Chavez gone, what of ‘Chavismo’?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Reuters
"The End of the Chávez Era” That was the headline on Colombia’s major newspaper, El Tiempo, the day after Hugo Chávez’s death. True, Chávez’s controversial and colorful 14-year rule has ended, and Venezuela has lost a president who evoked uncommonly intense passions among followers and detractors. Venezuelans will not easily forget a leader who, for better or worse, was the consummate showman and left an indelible mark on a highly polarized society.

March 5, 2013: La fragmentación en Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El drama surrealista continúa. Los venezolanos y el resto del mundo esperan para ver qué pasa con Hugo Chávez. Los rumores sobre su estado de salud se han ido multiplicando pero cuando el vicepresidente Nicolás Maduro dice que Chávez está "luchando por su vida", es importante tomar nota

March 5, 2013: Fragmentation in Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
The surreal drama continues. Venezuelans and the rest of the world wait and watch to see what happens with Hugo Chavez. Rumors about his health have been rampant, but when vice president Nicolas Maduro says that Chavez is “battling for his life,” it is important to take note.

March 5, 2013: So Long, Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
To be sure, Chávez’s boldness partially helped inspire pride and political self-confidence in the region, in addition to revitalizing the dream of leftist revolution in Latin America. Chávez’s contributions, however, were minimal compared with the positive impact of larger and more important factors, such as the rise of Brazil, the commodity boom, the growing assertiveness of many of the region’s countries, and the acute fiscal and political shortcomings of the United States.

February 24, 2013: Correa no logra llenar el ocaso de Chávez (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Hace una semana hubo dos importantes novedades en América Latina, una esperada, y la otra, menos. Sin sorpresas, Rafael Correa fue reelegido de manera aplastante en Ecuador. Y en un movimiento que econtró a muchos con la guardia baja, el aparentemente muy enfermo presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, retornó a Caracas.

February 24, 2013: Chávez void too large for Correa to fill
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
A week ago there was both expected and unexpected big news in Latin America. Not surprisingly, Rafael Correa won a landslide reelection in Ecuador. And in a move that caught many off guard, the apparently very ill Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez returned to Caracas from Havana.

February 17, 2013: Venezuela después de Chávez
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: El Mercurio
Si Chávez volviera en gloria y majestad, con la integridad de su fuerza y su histrionismo, la situación de Venezuela saldría del ámbito de la política para ubicarse en el campo de los milagros y su análisis debiera ser entregado a ángeles y arcángeles que sí debieran saber de estos fenómenos.

January 10, 2013: 5 LGBT Trends to Watch For in the Americas in 2013
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: The Huffington Post
There was a time when the most important developments in LGBT rights occurred in North Atlantic countries, but since the late 2000s all of the Americas, not just the United States and Canada, have begun to set trends. As we look to 2013, here are some of the trends to follow in the hemisphere's struggle for LGBT rights.

January 5, 2013: Los miltares jugarán un papel crucial (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Mercurio
El experto en temas latinoamericanos cree que si los militantes de línea dura, tanto de gobierno como de oposición, ganan poder, puede haber problemas para la gobernabilidad del país.

January 3, 2013: La era Post-Chávez en Venezuela y América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Al ganar las elecciones en 20 de las 23 regiones en que se elegía gobernador en Venezuela, los partidarios de Hugo Chávez no dejaron ninguna duda de que el “chavismo” no terminará necesariamente por su muerte o incapacidad.

January 3, 2013: Change Must Come Gradually
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New York Times
The path forward for Venezuela will require modest, incremental changes and compromise on both sides of a sharply polarized society.

January 3, 2013: A Era Pós-Chávez na Venezuela e América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Ao ganhar as eleições em 20 das 23 regiões nas quais se elegiam governadores na Venezuela, os partidários de Hugo Chávez não deixaram nenhuma dúvida de que o “chavismo” não acabará necessariamente com sua morte ou incapacidade.

December 29, 2012: 2012: A Mixed Year for a Divided Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Faro
The multiple, cross cutting divisions among the countries of Latin America took several new turns this year.US election—unexpectedly—also turned out to be one of the most important events for the region in 2012.

December 26, 2012: The 2012 Gay Year in Review: The Top-20 Stories from the Americas
By Javier Corrales and Cameron Combs
Source: Americas Quarterly
In 2012 the Western Hemisphere continued to make headlines in terms of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) rights. Here is our list of the 20 most significant political stories on LGBT rights across the Americas.

December 20, 2012: Would Chavismo Continue Without Chávez?
By Peter Hakim, Diego Arria, Cynthia Arnson, Bret Rosen, David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Earlier this month, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that his cancer had returned and urged supporters to back Vice President Nicolás Maduro in the event that he is forced to leave office. In regional elections on Sunday, Chávez allies trumped the opposition in 20 out of 23 gubernatorial races, though leading opposition figure Henrique Capriles was again elected governor of Miranda state. What are the likely outcomes if Chávez were to suddenly leave office? Is Capriles well-positioned to remain the top opposition leader? How would Maduro fare in a special election for the presidency against Henrique Capriles? What role did Chávez's health play in the regional elections, and how is it affecting the country's economic prospects?

December 14, 2012: The Post-Chavez Era in Venezuela and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Gubernatorial elections in Venezuela left no doubt that `Chavismo,’ the populist, anti-American leader‘s special brand of politics, will not necessarily end with his death or incapacitation.

December 12, 2012: Chávez Stays, Again (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: The International Spectator
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez fended off a spirited challenge by Governor Henrique Capriles this fall. But continuing questions about Chavez's health and the country's dismal governance suggest that change may be coming soon. Looking ahead, the opposition will need to address concerns by the very poor that social spending will dry up if Chávez is no longer in office. Meanwhile, political differences and power struggles, and a sense of demoralization, risk undermining Capriles’ diverse coalition. The regional scenario would look very different without Chávez. External players should restrain from meddling during this period of uncertainty. Instead, support should focus on trying to ensure that Venezuelans continue to rely on the ballot box in determining the course of a country facing so many daunting problems.

December 11, 2012: El juicio de la haya: Escenarios y agenda del futuro (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
Source: Revista Mensaje
Nuestro país ha hecho su mejor esfuerzo por argumentar ante el Tribunal de la Haya las razones por las que creemos que la demanda peruana es infundada. Es un tema que hemos abordado como política de Estado. En todos los momentos del juicio ha existido una comunicación fluida entre las distintas fuerzas políticas y el Gobierno (el anterior y el actual), y ha existido un consenso respecto del procedimiento, argumentación y calidad del trabajo efectuado por nuestro país.

December 5, 2012: Colombia-Nicaragua ICJ Case Tests Region's Crisis Resolution Mechanisms
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: World Politics Review
Latin America prides itself on being a peaceful region -- and with good reason. It is surprising, then, that border disputes continually bedevil the region. Many of these tensions remain unresolved, and when they surface, as in the example of the Nov. 19 ruling by the International Court of Justice on the case between Colombia and Nicaragua, there can be huge, often unexpected, ramifications.

December 3, 2012: Will Correa Coast to Victory in Ecuador's 2013 Elections?
By Walter Spurrier, Michael Shifter, Marc Becker, and Andrés Mejía Acosta
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, who formally launched his bid for a third term last month, is polling well ahead of his opponents in advance of the Feb. 17 election. Do any of Correa's rivals stand a chance of defeating him? What issues will matter to Ecuadoreans when they go to the polls? What would Correa seek to do in a third term?

November 28, 2012: Y después de La Haya ¿qué?
By Ignacio Walker y Hernán Larraín
Source: El Mercurio
Las relaciones entre Chile y Perú se han visto marcadas este último tiempo por la demanda limítrofe presentada ante la Corte Internacional de Justicia, y que entrará en su fase oral en las próximas semanas. Sin embargo, hoy se torna muy importante comenzar a delinear una estrategia con miras a abordar la continuidad de las mismas una vez que el litigio haya concluido.

November 27, 2012: Los pasos de Colombia en la Haya
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nada tiene tanto éxito en unir una nación -y en trascender las fuertes diferencias políticas- que las disputas por un territorio nacional.

November 27, 2012: Colombia's Steps at the Hague
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Nothing succeeds in bringing a nation together -- and in transcending sharp political differences -- than disputes over national territory.

November 25, 2012: ¿Qué se juega en la Haya?
By Ignacio Walker and Hernán Larraín
Source: El Mercurio
Una sola es la cuestión central que se discute en La Haya: la existencia de un límite marítimo, y la vigencia de los tratados que le sirven de fundamento. En nota diplomática de 2000 dirigida a Chile, el Perú sostiene que no existe tal límite. Por nuestra parte, conforme a la continuidad histórica y jurídica de la política exterior chilena, entendida como política de Estado, sostenemos enfáticamente que sí existe límite marítimo y que éste está dado por el paralelo geográfico, conforme a los tratados celebrados entre Chile, Perú y Ecuador.

November 8, 2012: The Difficulties of a Peace Deal
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Política Exterior
Can President Juan Manual Santos apply Colombia’s experience negotiating with armed groups to bring the hemisphere’s longest internal conflict to an end?

November 8, 2012: La paradoja de pactar (PDF)
By Michael Shifter & Cameron Combs
Source: Política Exterior
¿Podrá Santos aplicar la experiencia de Colombia en la negociación con grupos armados para poner fin al conflicto interno más antiguo de América? Si bien los colombianos desean alcanzar la paz, no son muchos los dispuestos a conceder el perdón a las FARC.

November 5, 2012: Land of the Lost
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Latin Americans may prefer Barack Obama over Mitt Romney, but few believe either candidate will pay the region the attention it deserves.

October 29, 2012: China acecha a Colombia y reta a Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Aunque se mantiene una relación de confianza entre Estados Unidos y Colombia, China pronto será el segundo socio más grande del país.

October 29, 2012: China Engages Colombia, Challenges the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Although a special relationship remains between the United States and Colombia, China will soon be the country's second-largest partner.

October 26, 2012: Will America Look South? US Policy in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Royal United Services Institute
In the final presidential debate, Latin Americans understandably took note when Governor Mitt Romney emphasised that the region represented a 'huge opportunity' for expanded trade with the United States. President Barack Obama's omission of Latin America in his list of regions where relations with the US had improved in the past several years set off a burst of tweets among Latin Americans.

October 12, 2012: Chávez Win Warrants Closer Look at Venezuelan Oil Policy
By Alexis Arthur
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
For many observers, speculation over the future of PDVSA ended with the victory of President Hugo Chávez in Sunday's elections. Now that Chávez has comfortably secured another six years in office, there is a general assumption that the oil industry is also headed for more of the same.

October 8, 2012: Venezuela's Next Inning
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Chávez may have won another election, but it's the opposition that should be celebrating.

October 8, 2012: Editorial: Los resultados
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual
Bueno, perdimos. Es duro de reconocer pero los hechos son los hechos. Chávez tiene en principio seis años más de poder, otorgado por una mayoría relativamente estrecha de venezolanos. Pero la oposición venezolana dio un gigantesco paso hacia el futuro.

October 7, 2012: Venezuela already took a step forward
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chavez is far from the candidate he was six years ago. In 2006, he soundly defeated his opposition challenger Manual Rosales. Chavez was then in sound health, his rhetorical powers were at their height, and he had ample resources thanks to high oil prices.

October 7, 2012: Venezuela ya dio un paso adelante
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chávez está lejos de ser el candidato que era hace seis años. En 2006, cuando derrotó a su opositor Manuel Rosales, Chávez se encontraba en buena salud, sus poderes retóricos estaban en su apogeo, y tenía amplios recursos gracias a los precios altos del petróleo. Él se aprovechó, hábilmente, de una oposición inepta y desorganizada, y se benefició de dos personas: el presidente de Estados Unidos, George W. Bush, y el presidente colombiano Álvaro Uribe. Ambos presidentes jugaron duro y encajaron perfectamente en el estilo de confrontación de Chávez.

October 5, 2012: Ecuadorean Gov't Committed to Landmark Conservation Project
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
The Ecuadorean government has raised around $200 million for a landmark conservation project and is committed to raising the funds necessary to reach its $3.6 billion goal by 2024, Ivonne Baki, secretary of state for the Yasuní-ITT Initiative, told the Energy Advisor this week.

September 25, 2012: O julgamento apressado do Mercosul
By Peter Hakim
Source: O Estado de S. Paulo
A reação do Brasil aos acontecimentos no Paraguai pareceu extraordinariamente passiva. É curioso que a mais importante potência regional da América Latina tenha falhado em tomar mais iniciativa e adotar uma atitude que fosse mais claramente consistente com as práticas democráticas que o Brasil afirmou estar buscando sustentar.

September 21, 2012: Arrest of Drug Lord Aimed at Political Gain in Venezuela: Uribe
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The capture of the alleged Colombian drug lord Daniel "el loco" Barrera earlier this week was aimed at political gain in Venezuela, former President Álvaro Uribe said Thursday at the Bipartisan Policy Center. Implying that Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez stood to benefit in the country's Oct. 7 presidential race from Barrera's apprehension, Uribe asked: "Why didn't Chávez arrest 'loco Barrera' in the last four or five years - why only now on the eve of the elections?"

September 21, 2012: Venezuela in Mercosur. What was Brazil Thinking?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Venezuela was formally incorporated into the Mercosur trade group on July 31. What made the Brazil government so eager to bring Venezuela into Mercosur remains a puzzle. Brazilian officials have made their case mostly on economic grounds, but the costs of bringing Venezuela into Mercosur could well turn out to be higher than the benefits.

September 18, 2012: La apuesta por la paz en Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hay tantas razones para estar lleno de esperanza, así como de escepticismo, de que las conversaciones de paz anunciadas recientemente entre el Gobierno colombiano y las Farc llevará el conflicto armado que padece el país, desde hace mucho tiempo, a su fin.

September 18, 2012: Betting on peace in Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
There are as many reasons to be hopeful as there are to be skeptical that the recently announced peace talks between the Colombian government and the FARC will bring the country’s longstanding armed conflict to an end.

September 13, 2012: Chávez's Last Crusade
By Boris Muñoz
Source: Commentary at Sept. 13 Dialogue Event "The Press and Electoral Politics in Venezuela"
If I occasionally scratch my head during this presentation, it’s because it’s really hard to figure out what is going to happen in Venezuela in three weeks.

September 7, 2012: Colombia's Peace Process
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin Pulse
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has taken a big gamble in launching negotiations to end the country’s half century of guerrilla warfare. The time has come for a resolute effort to achieve peace in Colombia, and there are reasons to be hopeful of success—although probably not quickly.

September 7, 2012: Conditions Favorable for Colombia Peace Talks
By Catherine Cheney
Source: World Politics Review
Colombia and the leftist rebel group the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) announced Tuesday that they had signed an agreement to launch peace negotiations. Chile and Venezuela will be observers at the talks, which will begin in Oslo, Norway, and continue in Havana, Cuba.

September 6, 2012: Perspectives on Inter-American Relations
By President Jimmy Carter
Source: Former Member of the Inter-American Dialogue
Fairness and human rights. These are basic qualities in both human and international relations. We may have different visions of how to address the fundamental challenges facing us, but we will never be able to address them satisfactorily unless we return to basic civility and a willingness to cooperate to find solutions based on common values. We must begin with a concern for the most vulnerable among us and a commitment to treat each individual with equity and fairness. This will provide in our western hemisphere a bright future – to all of us.

September 4, 2012: What do Cabinet Changes & FARC Talks Mean for Colombia?
By Michael Shifter, Fernando Cepeda Ulloa, Marc Chernik, Juan David Escobar Valencia, Silke Pfeiffer
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos on Aug. 23 named Mauricio Cárdenas, who had been heading the country's Energy Ministry, as finance minister. The move came amid a shakeup in which Santos asked his entire 16-member cabinet to resign, a not unusual practice in many countries of the region. Why did Santos call for the cabinet shakeup now? What are the most important tasks Cárdenas now faces and how will he handle them? Will the cabinet shakeup boost Santos' approval ratings? What will come of the Colombian government's newly announced talks with the FARC?

August 28, 2012: El Juego Político de Correa
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La semana pasada, los británicos y el resto del mundo recibieron un sabor del conocido balcanazo latinoamericano. El fundador de Wikileaks, Julian Assange, que habló desde la embajada de Ecuador en Londres, agradeció públicamente el presidente Rafael Correa por concederle asilo.

August 28, 2012: Correa's Political Game
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Last week the British and the rest of the world got a taste of the familiar Latin American balcanazo. Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, speaking from the Ecuadoran embassy in London, publicly thanked president Rafael Correa for granting him asylum.

August 27, 2012: The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results (PDF)
By Nora Lustig et al.
Source: Tulane Economic Working Paper Series
Nora Lustig's research team apply a standard tax and benefi t incidence analysis to estimate the impact on inequality and poverty of direct taxes, indirect taxes and subsidies, and social spending (cash and food transfers and in-kind transfers in education and health).

August 8, 2012: Latin Countries Outpacing Peers in Education Advances
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Latin American Advisor
A recent Harvard University study found that Chile and Brazil are among the three countries that have raised student learning at the fastest rate between 1995 and 2011 (Latvia was the third). Each improved three times faster than the average of the 49 countries included in the study. Colombia was also among the top 10, improving at twice the average. This is encouraging news for education reformers, suggesting that sustained efforts to raise student learning are beginning to pay off.

August 5, 2012: La revolución incumplida (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Estancamiento es el término que con mayor frecuencia viene a la mente cuando pensamos en la actual situación que enfrenta Bolivia.

August 5, 2012: The incomplete revolution
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Stagnation is the term that most frequently comes to mind in thinking about the current situation in Bolivia. The 2005 election of Evo Morales was symbolically important and raised high hopes in a country with a majority indigenous population that had long suffered considerable poverty and political instability.

July 30, 2012: What Would Venezuela's Entrance Mean for Mercosur?
By Sebastián Acha, Mark Weisbrot, Thomas Andrew O'Keefe, and Daniel Hellinger
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuela is expected to formally join Mercosur during the trade bloc's meeting Tuesday in Rio de Janeiro. The presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay agreed to allow the Andean country into the trade bloc after Mercosur suspended Paraguay, whose lawmakers had prevented Venezuela from joining the group. What would Venezuela's entrance mean for it and for the current Mercosur members? Who are the winners and losers? Does allowing Venezuela into Mercosur through the loophole of Paraguay's suspension raise larger concerns about the bloc's operation, as critics of the move have suggested?

July 27, 2012: Family Feud
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Meet the president of Peru. His brother's in prison, his dad thinks he's a traitor, and almost everyone says his wife calls the shots. But he might still have a chance to turn the country around.

July 26, 2012: Plan Colombia: A Retrospective
By Michael Shifter
Source: Americas Quarterly
At first glance, perhaps the most notable feature of Plan Colombia has been its longevity. Given the current divisiveness in Washington, the bipartisan support it has received across three administrations now seems remarkable. After 12 years, the plan is gradually winding down, but the U.S. allocated more than $300 million under the program in 2012 alone.

July 16, 2012: Education in the Americas: What the Summit Missed (PDF)
By Jeffrey M. Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
The Sixth Summit of the Americas gave little attention to the urgent need to improve education quality and equity, although both are vital to the region’s development and competitiveness.

June 28, 2012: Pedra no sapato (PDF)
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa
Source: O Globo

June 20, 2012: What Will Be Accomplished at This Week's Rio+20 Summit?
By Juan José Daboub, Mark Konold, and Jim Shultz
Source: Latin America Advisor
Hundreds of world leaders and government officials have converged in Rio de Janeiro at the Rio+20 Earth Summit, which begins today. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said that the conference must achieve 'concrete decisions and agreements,' though some are skeptical that a global consensus on plans to combat climate change is likely to occur. Is Rio+20 likely to result in an actionable, common agenda? Or will the agreement be 'so weak it is meaningless, or completely collapse,' as WWF director general Jim Leape predicted? What is Latin America's role in the global debate over climate change? How well are its cities and states preparing for climate change?

June 18, 2012: How Closely Tied are Spain's and Latin America's Fortunes?
By Enrique V. Iglesias, Pablo Toral, Federico Steinberg, Joaquín Roy, and Áurea Moltó
Source: Latin America Advisor
Spanish King Juan Carlos emphasized the importance of economic ties with Latin American countries during a visit to the region earlier this month. He praised the business climates in Brazil and Chile and said Spanish companies would continue investing in the region. The king also said in Brasília that economic reforms in his country "will not take long to bear fruit." How has Spain's economic trouble changed its commercial and trade relationship with Latin America? Which companies and countries are hurt by the woes in Europe, and which regional players are taking advantage of it the most? Was the king's visit to the region a success? Why or why not?

June 8, 2012: Remarks at 2012 Sol M. Linowitz Forum: “Who will be the next U.S. president? Will it make a difference for U.S. Foreign Policy? For Latin America?”
By Scott Wilson, Washington Post

June 7, 2012: Globalization, Made in the Americas
By Robert Zoellick
Source: Remarks at the Dialogue's 30th Anniversary Gala
A new hemispheric partnership requires leaving old habits, old mindsets, and old models of dependency behind.

May 21, 2012: The Americas in the World
By Ambassador Luigi Einaudi
Source: Remarks at 15th Annual Annual Western Hemisphere Colloquium
The emergence of non-traditional security matters has fueled a debate over what is security and what is defense. What is the threat? Who are you fighting? Is there an “enemy”? Are terrorists foreign or domestic? Military forces are trained to defend national sovereignty against external attack by a foreign enemy. They are not trained to deal with their fellow citizens. That is police work. In some countries, turning to the military for internal security evokes terrible memories of Cold War conflicts when repression sometimes became identified with military forces allied with the United States.

May 16, 2012: What Is on the Horizon for Asia-Latin America Trade?
By Ann Lee, Mauricio Mesquita Moreira, Margaret Myers
Source: Latin America Advisor
While China-Latin America trade and investment ties have dominated headlines over the past decade, a flurry of recent deals between Latin American leaders and other Asian countries has brought more attention to non-China trade flows with the region. What is the current trade dynamic between Latin America and countries like South Korea, Japan, Vietnam and others in the Asia-Pacific region? What is the outlook for trade between the regions? What specific countries and sectors will most likely flourish in the period ahead, and why?

May 10, 2012: Biggest Threat to Latin American Region is U.S. Disengagement: Boehner
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
The most serious challenge facing Latin America is the possibility of the United States' disengaging from the region, House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) said Tuesday at the Council of the Americas' annual Washington Conference.

May 9, 2012: Is Bolivia's Government Handling Social Unrest Well?
By Jaime Aparicio, Kathryn Ledebur, and G. Philip Hughes
Source: Latin American Advisor
Hundreds of indigenous Bolivians on April 27 began a second march to protest a controversial road through the Tipnis national park after President Evo Morales said the decision about the road's construction would be put to a vote by local communities. Meanwhile, the administration has faced strikes across the country in recent weeks from health workers, teachers, miners and other groups dissatisfied with working conditions and wages, some of which have turned violent. What challenges does the government face in resolving the recent bouts of social unrest? What are the underlying causes of the conflicts and how should the administration be handling them? How well is Morales weathering the storm?

May 8, 2012: Military Aid Is Unattractive, but Unavoidable
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Times
The spreading drug-fueled violence in Honduras – arguably the most troubled country in the Western Hemisphere – should be addressed through effective civilian law enforcement institutions, not military forces. Strengthening such institutions should be the principal focus of U.S. policy and cooperation with Honduras and other nations beset by criminal violence.

May 3, 2012: Spain's Power Wanes Amid Energy Sector Nationalizations
By Alexis Arthur
Source: Latin America Energy Advisor
The nationalizations of Argentina's biggest oil and gas company and Bolivia's electricity distributor have been roundly condemned abroad as illadvised, populist moves. Yet beyond the short-term political gains and the potential long-term economic risks for each country, the episodes may suggest the emergence of a broader trend: the decline of the relationship between Latin America and Spain.

April 23, 2012: What Did the Summit of the Americas Accomplish, if Anything?
By Peter Hakim, Carlo Dade, Graciela C. Römer, Nicolás Mariscal and Sergio Ferragut
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Summit of the Americas ended April 15 with the gathering's host, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, conceding that there would be no final joint declaration because "there is no consensus." The summit was marked by discord between the United States and Latin American countries on issues including Cuba's participation, drugs and the status of the Falkland Islands. What did the summit accomplish, if anything? Did the summit hurt or help the United States' standing among other countries in the hemisphere? Will regional engagement on Cuba's participation in the summit affect the Castro government?

April 12, 2012: Cartagena, ¿una Cumbre memorable?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
La discusión anticipada de varios de los temas más controvertidos -incluyendo el rol de Cuba en los asuntos regionales, las alternativas a las actuales estrategias antidrogas, el reclamo de Argentina sobrelas Islas Malvinas/Falkland Islands-podría hacer que esta Cumbre sea particularmente trascendental, o podría resultar, simplemente caliente y polémica.

April 12, 2012: A Consequential Summit?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
The anticipated discussion of two of the hemisphere’s most controversial issues—Cuba’s role in regional affairs and alternatives to current anti-drug strategies—could make this Summit particularly consequential, or it could simply lead to a heated and contentious exchange.

April 11, 2012: As Mining Sector Takes Off, Colombia Must Take Care
By Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
Colombia is in the midst of a mining boom, with high commodities prices and Chinese demand placing its nascent mining sector at the center of the country’s economic development model. The challenge for Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos is to capitalize on the sector’s promise, while avoiding some of the environmental and social challenges that have impacted other South American mining countries, such as Chile and Peru.

April 9, 2012: Drugs: The Debate Goes Mainstream
By Fernando H. Cardoso, César Gaviria, Ernesto Zedillo
Source: Huffington Post
Latin America is talking about drugs like never before. The taboo that has long prevented open debate about drug policies has been broken -- thanks to a steadily deteriorating situation on the ground and the courageous stand taken by presidents Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia, Otto Perez Molina of Guatemala and Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica.

April 8, 2012: El debate impensable está hoy sobre la mesa
By Fernando H. Cardoso, César Gaviria, Ernesto Zedillo
Source: El Tiempo
¿Cuál es la mejor manera de enfrentar el problema de las drogas? Diferentes opciones están puestas hoy sobre la mesa. En los últimos cuatro meses, la discusión ha avanzado más que en 40 años. Lo que parecía impensable está ahora siendo discutido a la luz del día.

March 28, 2012: Peru's Humala Struggles to Balance Mining-Based Growth, Social Development
By Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
Peruvian Justice Minister Juan Jiménez's appearance before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights last week marked the latest challenge to President Ollanta Humala's strategy of marrying mining-based growth with social development.

March 13, 2012: El lugar para hablar de drogas
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Dentro de América Latina está creciendo el consenso de que la raíz de la violenta ola de criminalidad que se extiende por varios países se debe al uso masivo de narcóticos en Estados Unidos Los EE.UU. han demostrado a lo largo de los años que no quieren o no pueden frenar su demanda o frenar el flujo de dinero o armas a las bandas criminales. Sin embargo, la ansiedad de Washington sobre discutir la política de drogas con los líderes del hemisferio que se reunirán en Cartagena son exageradas.

March 13, 2012: The Right Place for a Drug Policy Debate
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Among Latin Americas, there is a growing consensus that the root cause of their violent crime wave is the massive use of narcotics in the US. And there is not much question that it is mostly the US’s unceasing demand for drugs and the huge profits it generates that finances organized crime across the region, particularly in Mexico and Central America. Nonetheless, Washington’s anxieties about discussing drug policy with hemispheric leaders in Cartagena are exaggerated.

March 5, 2012: Cuba, Obama y Las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
El presidente Obama se verá fuertemente presionado para justificar su participación en la Cumbre de Cartagena con el presidente cubano Raul Castro este mes de abril, particularmente por ser una año electoral.

March 5, 2012: What Would a Tax Overhaul Mean for Colombia's Economy?
By Roberto Steiner, Marta Lucía Ramírez, Daniel E. Velandia O., Juan David Escobar Valencia
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombia will "do away with a lot of deductions and loopholes" for businesses as part of the overhaul of its tax system, Finance Minister Juan Carlos Echeverry told Dow Jones in an interview published Feb. 20. Colombia's current tax system is unfair to low-wage workers and an overhaul will make it more equitable, said Echeverry. Is Colombia's current tax system holding the country back? What does the overhaul mean for Colombia's economy and the businesses that operate in the country? Will the overhaul win approval in Colombia's Congress, which is dominated by supporters of President Juan Manuel Santos?

February 28, 2012: La importancia de la cumbre en Cartagena
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La VI Cumbre de las Américas en Cartagena, el 14 y el 15 de abril, tomará la medida de las relaciones políticas en el hemisferio occidental. Aunque el estado de ánimo es probable que sea menos armonioso que en la primera cumbre, celebrada en Miami, Florida, en 1994, también es probable que sea menos conflictivo que la cuarta cumbre, que tuvo lugar en Mar del Plata, Argentina, en 2005.

February 27, 2012: What Are Capriles' Chances of Defeating Chávez in October?
By Daniel Hellinger, Jennifer McCoy, John Walsh, David Smilde,
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan opposition leader Henrique Capriles Radonski handily won the Feb. 12 primary with 62 percent of the vote and is set to face President Hugo Chávez in the country's Oct. 7 presidential elections. What are Capriles' chances of unseating Chávez, whose popularity rankings have been above 50 percent lately? What will be the most important issues of the race? Is the election likely to be free and fair? Would there be a peaceful transfer of power if Capriles wins?

February 15, 2012: El Momento de Henrique Capriles
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El domingo, Henrique Capriles Radonski emergió como el ganador de las primeras elecciones primarias de la oposición venezolana desde que Hugo Chávez llegó al poder en 1999. Su aplastante victoria ofrece pistas acerca de lo que se necesita hacer para tener alguna posibilidad de derrotar a Chávez el 7 de octubre.

February 15, 2012: Henrique Capriles' Moment
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
On Sunday, Henrique Capriles Radonski emerged as the winner of the Venezuelan opposition’s first open primary contest since Hugo Chavez came to power in 1999. His overwhelming victory offers clues about what he will need to do to have any chance of defeating Chávez on October 7th.

February 13, 2012: Educación de calidad debe ser la meta
By Katherina Hruskovec
Source: Tal Cual
En Venezuela no se gestan las discusiones que se plantean en otras partes del mundo e, incluso, en las naciones latinoamericanas hermanas con quienes compartimos idioma, cultura y geografía. Mientras ustedes leen estas líneas, otros países, con sus aciertos y desaciertos, discuten la calidad de su educación pública y se nos adelantan en la larga carrera hacia el desarrollo.

January 23, 2012: Will Colombia's Government and the FARC Begin Talks?
By Marta Lucía Ramírez, Silke Pfeiffer, Marc Chernick, and Adam Isacson
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia leader Rodrigo Londoño, alias "Timochenko," said Jan. 9 that the guerrilla group is interested in potentially negotiating with the government, indicating that it would like to restart the agenda of the 1999-2002 negotiations. In response, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said that talks would only happen if the FARC releases all hostages and ends its attacks. How successful has the government's offensive against the FARC been? Are there likely to be major new developments in the decades-long conflict in the near future? What steps should the government be taking?

January 12, 2012: Qué se espera de la Cumbre de las Américas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
En abril, en Cartagena, Colombia, la Cumbre de las Américas juntará a los 34 presidentes electos y primeros ministros. Hay ciertamente varias razones para el optimismo en la Cumbre de Cartagena. Pero está claro que el éxito de esta Cumbre tendrá que depender de el liderazgo y la creatividad de Colombia y de otros gobiernos regionales.

January 12, 2012: The Next Summit of the Americas: A Preview of Cartagena, Colombia
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
In April, in Cartagena, Colombia, the Summit of the Americas will bring together the hemisphere’s 34 elected presidents and prime ministers. There are certainly reasons for optimism about the Cartagena Summit. But it is clear that the success of this Summit will depend on the leadership and creativity of Colombia and other Latin American and Caribbean countries.

January 3, 2012: Un año con alta dosis electoral
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En 2012, tres elecciones presidenciales -México, Venezuela y los Estados Unidos- podría alterar el mapa político y las relaciones en las Américas.

January 3, 2012: A year with a high dose of elections
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
In 2012, three presidential elections – in Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States -- could alter the political map and relations in the Americas. The economy and – in Mexico and Venezuela, security – are decisive, as are the quality of the candidates and campaigns. There could well be surprises.

December 14, 2011: ¿Tendrá éxito la CELAC dónde otros similares han fallado?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Los países de América Latina tenían diferentes razones para promover la CELAC.Teniendo en cuenta la disminución de la relevancia de Washington en los asuntos regionales, los beneficios para América Latina de una organización política de toda la región con Estados Unidos como miembro están disminuyendo. Sin embargo, sólo los más cercanos aliados de Venezuela en el grupo del Alba pidieron que la CELAC reemplace a la OEA. A pesar de todo, la mayoría de los gobiernos de América Latina todavía quieren a los Estados Unidos bajo el mismo techo.

December 14, 2011: Will CELAC Succeed Where Other Similar Efforts Have Failed?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Infolatam
Latin American countries had different reasons for promoting CELAC. Brazil was most responsible for CELAC. It was at Brazil's 'megasummit' in 2009, where an already expanded Rio Group was essentially renamed CELAC-and Lula was able to show the reach, influence and leadership of Brazil.

December 13, 2011: The "Other" Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Twenty years ago it would have been hard to imagine that all Latin American and Caribbean governments would have created an organization that excluded the United States. It would have been equally unthinkable that the head of the International Monetary Fund would have gone to the region to request help for a European economic crisis.

December 13, 2011: La otra América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace 20 años hubiera sido difícil imaginar que todos los gobiernos latinoamericanos y caribeños crearan una organización que excluyera a Estados Unidos. Hubiera sido igual de inconcebible que el jefe del Fondo Monetario Internacional se fuera a la región para solicitar ayuda para una crisis económica europea.

December 8, 2011: The New Opposition: A Serious Challenge to Hugo Chávez
By Katherina Hruskovec and Cory Siskind
Source: International Affairs Review
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez is on the defensive. Opposition candidates squared off in a mid-November debate that gave a major boost to the previously troubled opposition. As the five candidates discussed the most pressing issues, including crime and the economy, they show-cased how much the opposition has evolved. At the onset of Chávez’s rise to power, the opposition was fragmented, disorganized, accusatory, and incompetent. However, during the recent debate, the candidates demonstrated poise and seriously addressed the concerns of many Venezuelans, instead of just criticizing Chávez.

October 31, 2011: Replantear la política antidroga de EE UU
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
Nadie está satisfecho con las políticas de combate a las drogas aplicadas por EE UU en los últimos 40 años. Pese a que la mayoría de los estadounidenses cree que la ‘guerra contra las drogas’ ha fracasado, el debate en Washington permanece prácticamente mudo.

October 31, 2011: Rethinking US Drug Policy
By Peter Hakim
Source: Política Exterior
No one is satisfied with the United States’ anti-drug policies today. Despite the fact that a majority of US citizens now believe that their forty-year “war on drugs” has failed, there is hardly any debate at all in Washington over the US approach to illicit drugs.

October 26, 2011: China Must Respect Peru's Development Model, Prime Minister Says
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
While relations with China are increasingly important, Peru intends to ensure the Asian giant respects its environment and workers, Prime Minister Salomón Lerner said Tuesday.

October 18, 2011: TLC, una historia no tan feliz
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Algún día, alguien escribirá la historia completa y objetiva sobre el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos, aprobado finalmente por el Congreso el pasado 12 de octubre. (Los acuerdos con panamá y Corea del Sur también pasaron).

October 18, 2011: The FTA, not such a happy story
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Someday, someone will write the full and objective history of the US-Colombia free trade agreement, which the US Congress approved -- finally -- on October 12, 2011. (Agreements with Panama and South Korea also passed).

October 12, 2011: Will Washington or Havana Move Toward Warmer Relations?
By Connie Mack, Jennifer McCoy, Christopher Sabatini, and Jerry Haar
Source: Latin America Advisor

October 11, 2011: South America's Governance Agenda
By Michael Shifter and Alexis Arthur
Source: World Politics Review
In June 2011, Ollanta Humala was elected president of Peru after campaigning on a platform of change. Significant for Peru, but also for South America more broadly, Humala advocated for moderate, not revolutionary, change -- calling for a better and fairer distribution of the fruits of Peru's impressive economic growth and for lower levels of corruption and crime. That kind of program won't entail upending the prevailing system. It will, however, require serious institutional reform.

October 9, 2011: Sergio Bitar adelanta su libro "Un futuro común: Chile, Bolivia, Perú" (PDF)
By Juan Pablo Toro
Source: El Mercurio
El ex ministro postula que la integración con los países vecinos es crucial para favorecer a largo plazo los intereses del país, más allá de la Haya y las desconfianzas históricas.

September 27, 2011: Are Long-Stalled U.S. Free-Trade Pacts Headed for Passage?
By Peter Hakim, Celeste Drake, Carlos Mateo Paz-Soldan
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk said Sept. 12 that negotiations on passing free-trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea are currently underway in the U.S. Senate, where the Obama administration last week won approval of the revamped Trade Adjustment Assistance job retraining act. Kirk has expressed optimism that the trade pacts would be passed by the time President Barack Obama hosts leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation in November. Will the three accords receive congressional approval by then? What is standing in the way of the FTAs' approval? What would continued delay mean for U.S. economic and political relations with Colombia and Panama?

September 7, 2011: Latin America and the United States: Looking Towards 2020 (PDF)
By Sergio Bitar
The ongoing and unprecedented speed of global change demands a new responsibility from Latin American countries: if they are to govern more effectively they must anticipate change and think in the long term. Across all policy areas-economic, social, technological, political, military, climate change, and immigration—global transformations are increasingly affecting the well-being of nations. Success will come to those best able to prepare for and design long-term strategies. The same holds true for international policy and, in particular, for future relations with the United States.

August 30, 2011: Los riesgos del "modelo libio"
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Muchos analistas en Washington han señalado que el derrocamiento del régimen tiránico de Muamar el Gadafi es un modelo para futuras intervenciones de EE.UU. en el mundo árabe y otros lugares.

August 30, 2011: The risks of the "Libyan model"
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

July 26, 2011: Humala y la política exterior: ¿más continuidad que cambio?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos: Revista del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
Como ha sido el caso con otras presidencias, el éxito o el fracaso de Ollanta Humala dependerá de sus resultados en el tratamiento de los problemas críticos del Perú. El presidente electo tiene un mandato para el cambio moderado, no para una revolución, ni para arriesgar los notables progresos económicos del país en los últimos años, sino para distribuir mejor los beneficios del crecimiento, hacer reformas sociales en serio y reducir la corrupción y el crimen. Los desafíos internos, sin duda, deben tener prioridad sobre la agenda de política exterior de Humala, que obtuvo poca atención durante la campaña.

July 26, 2011: Humala’s Foreign Policy: more continuity than change?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Argumentos: Revista del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos
As has been the case with other presidencies, the success or failure of Ollanta Humala’s will depend on its performance in addressing Peru’s critical problems. Humala has a mandate for moderate change – not for a revolution and for an upending of the country’s impressive economic progress in recent years, bur rather for a better distribution of the benefits of growth, serious social reform, and a reduction in corruption and crime. National challenges undoubtedly will -- and should -- take precedence over Humala’s foreign policy agenda, which got little attention during the campaign.

July 15, 2011: Chavez, no longer such a strongman
By Michael Shifter
Source: PODER
Hugo Chavez is no longer Venezuela’s strongman (“hombre fuerte”). With the announcement that he is battling some kind of cancer (and that either radiation or chemotherapy will be necessary), Chavez’s human frailties have been revealed. For his many adoring supporters in particular, that has been a terrible blow and has exploded the sense of Chavez’s immortality.

July 7, 2011: What Would Happen if Chávez Couldn't Finish His Term?
By Michael Shifter, Julia Buxton, Jeffrey Davidow, Diego Arria
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced June 30 in a televised address that he is being treated for cancer in Cuba. Four days later, he returned to Venezuela to a hero's welcome. While Chávez's political opponents have joined supporters in wishing him a quick return to health, the situation has prompted questions about the country's governance in the short term, and about the implications of his illness on next year's presidential elections and the country's political system. What would happen if Chávez were unable to finish his term as president? Who would replace him? Is there a real risk that the political and social situation in Venezuela could turn chaotic as a result of Chávez's illness? How does Chávez's illness affect the country as it struggles with inflation, crime, falling oil production and electricity shortages?

July 5, 2011: La Fragilidad Humana de Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chávez, golpeado por el cáncer, no es ya el "hombre fuerte" que pretendía ser durante sus más de 12 años como Presidente de Venezuela. Esté o no totalmente recuperado y regrese a hacerse cargo de su nación, Chávez ha sido debilitado, tanto física como políticamente. Su fragilidad humana ha sido expuesta.

July 5, 2011: The Human Fragility of Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hugo Chavez, stricken with cancer, is no longer the strongman that he has pretended to be during his more than 12-year rule as Venezuela’s president. Whether or not he fully recovers and returns to take charge of his country, Chavez has been weakened, both physically and politically. His human frailties have been exposed.

June 28, 2011: If Hugo Goes
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
It's unclear whether the charismatic Venezuelan president is really all that ill. But what is clear is that his country is in serious trouble, whether or not he returns from convalescing in Cuba.

June 28, 2011: Si Hugo se va
By Michael Shifter
Source: Infolatam
No está claro si el carismático presidente venezolano está realmente tan mal. Pero lo que está claro es que su país está en serios problemas, tanto si regeresa como si no de su convalecencia en Cuba.

June 7, 2011: Peru's Moment of Opportunity
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Council on Foreign Relations
Michael Shifter says Ollanta Humala capitalized on many Peruvians' frustrations with the country's inequality despite the fact that it is Latin America's fastest-growing economy. His strong support in poorer regions of the country is a "real opportunity" to eradicate some of the recent unrest and bridge the gap between Peru's poor and the business and elite classes.

June 2, 2011: Security No Longer Dominates U.S.-Colombia Relations: Holguín
By Rachel Sadon
Source: Latin America Advisor
Colombia has moved past drug trafficking and security as the dominant issues in its relationship with the United States, Colombia's Foreign Minister, María Ángela Holguín, said Wednesday.

June 1, 2011: What to Read on Venezuela
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
Michael Shifter recommends various books and articles for anyone interested in understanding Venezuela's leaders and politics.

May 25, 2011: Is Ecuador On the Brink of a 'Perfect Dictatorship?
By Gustavo Jalkh, Osvaldo Hurtado, Adrián Bonilla, Christopher Sabatini, Marc Becker
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ecuadoreans cast their votes May 7 in a referendum that many observers considered a gauge of President Rafael Correa's popularity. The 10 questions included issues that would give the president increased control over the media and judiciary, leading former President Osvaldo Hurtado to say the country was on the brink of a 'perfect dictatorship.' Results from the polls indicate that Correa received a 'yes' vote on all 10 questions but with a more narrow victory than expected. Is Ecuador on the 'brink of a perfect dictatorship' or are the reforms necessary? What does the close margin of victory indicate about Correa's leadership? What does the outcome mean for the political landscape of the country?

May 24, 2011: Can a Chávista become a Lulaista?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Peru's Ollanta Humala and the rebranding of the South American left.

May 23, 2011: En riesgo avances democráticos en Perú
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post

May 23, 2011: In Peru, hard-won democratic gains at risk
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Today, many Peruvian supporters of democracy are dispirited. When they mark the charter’s 10th year, their country will have a president of suspect democratic credentials. Peru’s already fragile institutions will be severely tested.

April 24, 2011: Los cambios en Cuba se están dando lentamente
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
El analista internacional Michael Shifter remarca que el VI Congreso del Partido Comunista de Cuba consolidó el poder de la ‘vieja guardia’ al mando de los hermanos Castro y los históricos de la Revolución. También se pusieron en marcha cambios en la economía, pero habrá que ver qué resultados obtienen.

April 20, 2011: Can Coups Still Take Place in Latin America?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Western Hemisphere Security Analysis Center
Michael Shifter shares his view on the current prospect for coups in Latin America. He finds, despite substantial gains in democracy, the threat of coups in Latin America remains latent.

April 19, 2011: What Will Be the Effects of the U.S.-Ecuador Diplomatic Spat?
By Michael Shifter, Nathalie Cely, Jennifer McCoy, Adrián Bonilla
Source: Latin America Advisor
Earlier this month, Ecuador expelled U.S. Ambassador Heather Hodges over comments in a WikiLeaks cable suggesting that President Rafael Correa was aware of corruption allegations against a police chief. The United States called the action unjustified and expelled Ecuadorean Ambassador Luis Gallegos shortly thereafter. How will the diplomatic spat affect relations between the two countries going forward? What effects will the expulsions have on trade ties and on the renewal of the Andean Trade Preferences Act?

April 19, 2011: Los EE.UU. y Ecuador
By Michael Shifter
Source: Expreso

April 15, 2011: “Perú vive una paradoja, con altos niveles de crecimiento y descontento”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País
“Perú no está por un cambio dramático del modelo económico, ya que ha producido resultados positivos. Lo que pasa es que han sido mal repartidos y acompañados de altos niveles de corrupción”, asegura Shifter, presidente del afamado think tank estadounidense Diálogo Interamericano, quien participó esta semana, en Madrid, en el IV Forum Europa-América Latina-EE UU/Canadá.

April 8, 2011: Humala Leads Polls Ahead of Peru's Presidential Election Sunday
By Rachel Sadon
In the final stretch before Peru's election on Sunday, two opinion polls show leftist presidential candidate Ollanta Humala in the lead with Congresswoman Keiko Fujimori forecast to be the second place finisher.

April 4, 2011: Una región sin rugir de sables
By Michael Shifter
Source: Portafolio
Según Michael Shifter, la democracia se ha consolidado en América Latina, aunque es cada día más variada.

April 3, 2011: Ningún candidato conquistó a los peruanos
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Michael Shifter explica desde Washington el ascenso del exgeneral Ollanta Humala y la incertidumbre que dominan en las elecciones presidenciales en Perú.

March 18, 2011: Latinoamérica sigue siendo la campeona mundial cuando se habla de desigualdad
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: OPALC
En una entrevista exclusiva con OPALC, Michael Shifter defiende una mejor educación para reducir las desigualdades en América Latina. También habla de Brasil, Venezuela, Colombia y otros países poco antes del primer viaje a la región de Barack Obama.

March 6, 2011: Repensando la política de drogas de EE.UU.
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Hace más de cuatro décadas los gobiernos americanos están embarcados en una “guerra contra las drogas” concebida por EE.UU. La evidencia disponible sugiere que esta política es muy costosa, no ha logrado sus objetivos, y podría estar causando más violencia de la que se propone evitar. Que se haya mantenido tanto tiempo, sin ninguna modificación fundamental, se debe en parte a imposición inflexible de Washington.

March 5, 2011: Hugo Stay Home
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The Venezuelan president's ill-advised foray into Mideast diplomacy won't help Libya or his own struggling country.

March 2, 2011: Has the United States Failed to Adequately Fight Illegal Drugs?
By Barry R. McCaffrey, Andrés Rozental, Sanho Tree
Source: Latin America Advisor
A new Inter-American Dialogue report says U.S. drug policies, which are mostly focused on prohibiting the production, distribution and consumption of narcotics, 'have done little to diminish the problems they were designed to address' and are costly in both financial and human terms. The report calls for a broad national debate on U.S. drug strategies and an intense review of international policies. Is growing violence in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America a sign of failures in drug policy? Has the Obama administration made any significant change in anti-drug efforts? What policies should it be pursuing? What anti-drug programs in the United States and in Latin America have been particularly successful and should be replicated?

March 2, 2011: El Tratado de Libre Comercio entre EE-UU y Colombia, Camino de su Aprobación
By Peter Hakim
Source: InfoLatam
Lejos aún de ser un hecho, la situación favorece ahora la ratificación por parte del Congreso de los acuerdos de libre comercio de Estados Unidos con Colombia y Panamá este año. Lo que más alentó las perspectivas de los tratados de comercio con América Latina fue la gran victoria republicana en las elecciones del pasado mes de Noviembre en el Congreso, que dio lugar a una considerable mayoría republicana en la Cámara de Representantes con un nuevo presidente

March 2, 2011: US-Colombian Free Trade on Track to Approval
By Peter Hakim
Source: InfoLatam
Although far from a done deal, the odds now favor congressional ratification of the US’s free trade accords with Colombia and Panama this year. What most lifted the prospects of the Latin America trade treaties was the huge Republican victory in last November’s mid-term elections for Congress, which produced a sizable Republican majority in the House of Representatives along with a new Speaker.

March 1, 2011: Peter Hakim: "La estrategia de lucha contra las drogas no está funcionando"
By Daniel Pacheco con Peter Hakim
Source: Su Voz Cuenta
Hay que poner todo sobre la mesa. En EE.UU. la prohibición ha sido sumamente dañina, en número de jóvenes en las cárceles, vidas interrumpidas.

March 1, 2011: El camino de globalización del Perú: Oportunidades y obstáculos, durante y después de la crisis (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú ante los desafíos del siglo XXI
En la tercera sección de este tomo, Michael Shifter discute los éxitos y los riesgos del Perú en el curso adoptado para unirse al proceso de globalización.

February 11, 2011: Hay razones para ser optimista sobre el futuro de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Hay buenas razones para ser optimista sobre el estado de la democracia en América Latina hoy. Las encuestas recientes del Latinobarómetro y el barómetro de las Américas apuntan a niveles más altos de apoyo a sistemas democráticos de gobierno. La política y las opciones electorales se han estrechado. Una política más consensual, más centrista se ha afianzado cada vez más.

February 11, 2011: Reasons to Be Optimistic About Latin America's Future
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo

February 10, 2011: Global Insider: Colombia and the OECD
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos recently submitted his country's application to join the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, discussed the prospect of Colombia's OECD membership.

February 10, 2011: Obama reconocerá a El Salvador como un socio clave en América Central
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Mundo
Para Michael Shifter, presidente del tanque de pensamiento, Diálogo Interamericano, la visita de Barack Obama a la región y en particular a El Salvador, es un intento de reenfocarse en la región. Para este analista basado en Washington, Estados Unidos ve positivamente a la administración de Mauricio Funes y de ahí que este país fue la selección lógica para que Obama lo incluyera en su gira por tres naciones de la región.

February 2, 2011: Andean Mission Chiefs: U.S. Role in Region Undergoing Changes
By Rachel Sadon
Relationships between the United States and the Andean countries remain positive even as significant changes in regional dynamics, economic development and political transitions have significantly transformed the region, top U.S. envoys to Andean countries said.

January 30, 2011: La influencia de Washington en el mundo declina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
Michael Shifter destaca que Estados Unidos está obligado a negociar con Brasil una relaciónmultilateral con América Latina. Advierte que la política antinarcóticos de Washington funciona con ‘piloto automático’, debido a que se priorizan los conflictos en otras regiones.

January 27, 2011: Colombian Vice President Urges U.S. to Approve Trade Agreement
By Rachel Sadon
The United States should ratify the stalled free-trade agreement with Colombia this year as well as approve an 18-month extension of the Andean Trade Preference Act and continue support for Plan Colombia, Colombian Vice President Angelino Garzón said during a weeklong visit to Washington in support of those objectives.

January 16, 2011: Chávez: Entre la democracia y la hipocresía
By Genaro Arriagada Herrera
Source: El Mercurio
En el plano que se le mire, el gobierno de Hugo Chávez presenta resultados lamentables.

January 14, 2011: A Surge to the Center
By Michael Shifter
Source: Journal of Democracy
Latin America, long associated with sharp ideological swings and notably erratic politics, is increasingly settling into the middle of the left-right political continuum. This development is discernible in voter attitudes and major policy directions in many countries.

January 8, 2011: "La OEA está a prueba"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: BBC Mundo
La posibilidad de que la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA) analice supuestas violaciones a la Carta Democrática Interamericana debido a la Ley Habilitante que le fue concedida al presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, podría llevar al organismo a una dinámica de fragmentación que comprometería su futuro funcionamiento, según el presidente del centro de análisis sobre asuntos hemisféricos Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter.

January 3, 2011: Comienza un año desafiante
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
EL DEBER habló con Michael Shifter, presidente del influyente centro de investigación Dialogo Interamericano, con sede en Washington, sobre los desafíos políticos del 2011.

January 2, 2011: ¿Le llegó la hora al TLC?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador
Con la llegada del nuevo Legislativo estadounidense, a partir del miércoles cambiará la relación bilateral con Colombia.

January 2, 2011: Has the FTA's Time Come?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador

December 26, 2010: Choque de opiniones: Venezuela
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN en Español
¿Cuál es la relación diplomática entre EE.UU. y Venezuela? Entrevista de CNN por Juan Carlos López a Michael Shifter.

December 22, 2010: What Does 2011 Hold for Latin American Economies?
By Luis Oganes, Roger Scher, Santiago Maggi
The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, or ECLAC, announced Dec. 13 that it expects Latin America and the Caribbean will have experienced 6 percent economic growth in 2010 and will see growth of 4.2 percent in 2011. Which countries will grow most in the year ahead and which will lag behind? Which sectors in the region will see significant growth in 2011 and which will struggle? Why?

December 21, 2010: Reflexiones sobre 2010
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
En el 2010 el evento sobresaliente en el hemisferio fue el rescate de los mineros chilenos. Esta fue una historia de espíritu increíble y solidaridad y capturó plenamente la atención del mundo. El punto bajo fue el terremoto devastador de Haití, con unos 250 mil muertos y eventos trágicos al parecer interminables en ese país. La implacable criminalidad en México cada día más salvaje y en constante expansión hacia los países de Centro América, ha sido sobria.

December 21, 2010: Reflections of 2010
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

December 16, 2010: Venezuelan Opposition at its Strongest in Years: López
By Rachel Sadon
Venezuela's opposition is in a better position now than at any time in the past decade as it looks ahead to challenging President Hugo Chávez in the country's 2012 election, opposition leader Leopoldo López told an audience Wednesday at the Inter-American Dialogue.

December 7, 2010: A Blow to the Conspiracy Theorists
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

December 7, 2010: Golpe a los conspiracionistas
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El diluvio de las más recientes revelaciones de Wikileaks ha generado una variedad de respuestas. Para periodistas e historiadores ha sido una mina de oro. Para diplomáticos ha sido una pesadilla. Y para los teóricos conspiracionistas los cables revelados, una decepción.

December 1, 2010: Los Estados Unidos y Colombia: Repensar la Relación (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Obama y las Américas: ¿Esperanza o decepción?
Michael Shifter se trata de relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y Colombia, y propone un repensamiento de polícos importantes como Plan Colombia, ayuda estadounidense dirigida al desarollo social, y el pendiente tratado de libre comercio.

December 1, 2010: Mimes, Sunflowers, and Good Governance: An Examination of the Political Philosophy, Pedagogic Policies, and Campaign Strategy of Antanas Mockus Through the Lens of Colombian Electoral Politics
By Cory Siskind
Source: Undergraduate Journal of International Affairs

November 30, 2010: Mal momento para filtraciones
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador
Hasta el momento (teniendo en cuenta que muchos más documentos están por venir) la región no ha recibido mucha atención, de acuerdo con la última filtración de archivos secretos realizada por Wikileaks. Lo último que necesitan ahora las relaciones interamericanas es un golpe a la confianza mutua.

November 30, 2010: A Bad Time for Leaks
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador

November 16, 2010: El Norte también existe
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La problemática economía estadounidense y el clima político envenenado en Washington ponen en duda la pronta aprobación del Tratado de Libre Comercio pendiente con Colombia, aunque con la Cámara de Representantes controlada por republicanos la perspectiva es un poco más alentadora. La relación Estados Unidos-Colombia sigue siendo importante estratégicamente y los lazos económicos siguen creciendo.

November 16, 2010: The North Also Exists
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

November 7, 2010: South America Comes Out On Top
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Will this be Latin America's century? Will the region's recent economic and social progress make it a power to be seriously reckoned with on the global stage? Oscar Guardiola-Rivera certainly thinks so.

October 19, 2010: Rescate fortalece a Piñera
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Los siete primeros meses de la administración de Piñera han sido instructivos. Muestran cómo es de difícil predecir el desempeño de un presidente basándose en su expediente anterior. En cambio, lo crucial es cómo un presidente responde a lo inesperado -a las crisis y las oportunidades- lo que sería la prueba verdadera de su liderazgo.

October 19, 2010: Rescue Strengthens Piñera
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

October 14, 2010: Rescued Relations
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Did the Chilean mine rescue just end a 130-year feud? Not quite, but Michael Shifter writes that the public displays of friendship between Bolivia and Chile during the rescue can be attributed to "the sometimes salutary effects produced by common borders, frequently accompanied by commercial ties, intense migratory flows, and deep societal connections."

October 6, 2010: In Danger of Derailing a Sector with Great Potential
By Claudio Loser
Source: Latin Amerca Advisor
In my Sept. 7 column, I discussed the effect of the Russian drought and fires on world food production, and suggested that the consequences for Latin America would be favorable, if managed well. Unfortunately, there are other examples of potential gains for the region being curtailed by actions in the developed world, with a specific involvement of the World Bank. Palm oil is a case in point.

October 1, 2010: Chávez, ¿y ahora qué?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones legislativas del domingo pasado le inyectaron una energía necesaria a la situación política de Venezuela. En política, las tendencias y la psicología son de gran importancia. Así que mientras el partido socialista de Hugo Chávez pudo retener la mayoría en la Asamblea Nacional, el hecho de haber perdido la mayoría cualificada (ventaja de las dos terceras partes) en el Congreso es significativo.

October 1, 2010: And Now What, Chávez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

October 1, 2010: Latin America Expert Urges U.S. Not to Neglect Its Own Backyard
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Diplomat
Many foreign policy observers — including Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington — argue that some of the U.S.’s most vital interests lie in neighboring Latin America. U.S. leaders of all stripes, however, often fail to give this complicated region the attention and analysis it deserves.

September 21, 2010: Moving Pictures o Los Autos de Caracas
By Chris Moore
Source: SOL Productions
"Moving Pictures o Los Autos de Caracas" is a documentary on Venezuela by former Dialogue staff member Chris Moore. It will premiere on October 7th at the Latin American Studies Association Conference in Toronto.

September 13, 2010: "La libertad es vital en la política"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
En América Latina se han presentado en los últimos años fenómenos de coartación de la libertad de expresión, una nueva tendencia socialista de algunos gobiernos, concentración de poder, narcotráfico, etc. Michael Shifter habló para EL COMERCIO sobre estos temas en la región.

September 9, 2010: Obama Administration Confident in Passage of Trade Deals: Official
By Rachel Sadon
Though a timetable has not been set for sending reworked free trade agreements with Panama and Colombia to Congress, President Barack Obama remains committed to the pacts and is confident they will be approved, Francisco Sanchez, the administration's undersecretary of commerce for international trade told an audience at the annual CAF Conference on the Americas in Washington on Wednesday.

August 26, 2010: ¿Será posible manejar mejor las cosas esta vez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Hace apenas un año, la noticia sobre el acuerdo de cooperación militar entre Colombia y los Estados Unidos llevó a que Hugo Chávez advirtiera sobre los "vientos de guerra" en la región. Sin embargo, este acuerdo hoy, bloqueado la semana pasada con una votación 6 a 3 en la Corte Constitucional colombiana, parece casi un vestigio de una era pasada.

August 26, 2010: Will They Get It Right This Time?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

August 20, 2010: Fiscal Policy and the Poor in Latin America (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
The brief summarizes recent research on the impact of fiscal policy on poverty and inequality in Latin America. It compares Europe, where fiscal policy significantly reduces inequality, to Latin America, where fiscal policy has almost no impact on inequality. The brief concludes that the combination of inadequate revenues, low-quality services and poorly targeted spending helps explain the limited role that fiscal policy has played. It is the third in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

August 20, 2010: La política fiscal y los pobres en América Latina (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear y Mariellen Malloy Jewers
La síntesis resume la más reciente investigación sobre el impacto de la política fiscal en la pobreza y desigualdad en América Latina. Dicha síntesis compara a Europa, donde la política fiscal reduce significativamente la desigualdad, con América Latina, donde la política fiscal casi no tiene impacto en la desigualdad. La síntesis concluye que la combinación de ingresos inadecuados, servicios de baja calidad y mala focalización del gasto ayuda explicar el papel limitado que ha tenido la política fiscal. Es la tercera dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocada en temas claves en la agenda social de la región.

August 12, 2010: Colombia looks past Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Drifting away: Colombia's new president has taken the country's foreign policy priorities away from Washington.

August 12, 2010: Santos' success can secure Uribe's legacy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It wasn't the inauguration that Alvaro Uribe had wanted. In March, Colombia's Constitutional Court denied him the possibility of ever seeking a third term, and so on Aug. 7 he witnessed the next best thing: Juan Manuel Santos sworn in as president. In his inaugural address, Santos called Uribe an "illustrious and once-in-a-lifetime'' leader.

August 6, 2010: Latin America's Shift to the Center
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter argues that "one of the most ideologically charged regions of the globe is turning to pragmatism" in this article for Foreign Policy.

July 29, 2010: Santos, ¿una apuesta distinta con Chávez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Juan Manuel Santos, sin duda, le impondrá su marca a la crucial relación bilateral entre Colombia y Venezuela. Ya está bien claro que el presidente electo hará lo posible por evitar confrontaciones personales, a veces matizadas por ideologías, que con frecuencia caracterizaron la relación entre Uribe y Chávez.

July 29, 2010: Santos: A Different Gamble with Chavez?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

July 29, 2010: Nuevamente la región se encuentra en un momento de alta tensión
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio
Michael Shifter habló con El Comercio sobre la situación política en Ecuador y la región andina.

July 27, 2010: What Can Calm Tensions Between Venezuela and Colombia?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez on July 22 severed diplomatic relations with Colombia over Bogotá's accusation that Colombian rebels are taking refuge in Venezuela. Chávez also said earlier this month that he will not attend the Aug. 7 inauguration of Colombia's incoming president, Juan Manuel Santos. Trade between the two countries has also plummeted since Chávez blocked most imports from Colombia. Will bilateral relations improve at all under Santos? Who is suffering the ill effects of the reduced trade? What is needed to calm tensions between Bogotá and Caracas?

July 27, 2010: What Can Calm Tensions Between Venezuela and Colombia?
By Michael Shifter, Bernardo Alvarez Herrera, Luis Alfonso Hoyos
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez on July 22 severed diplomatic relations with Colombia over Bogotá's accusation that Colombian rebels are taking refuge in Venezuela. Chávez also said earlier this month that he will not attend the Aug. 7 inauguration of Colombia's incoming president, Juan Manuel Santos. Trade between the two countries has also plummeted since Chávez blocked most imports from Colombia. Will bilateral relations improve at all under Santos? Who is suffering the ill effects of the reduced trade? What is needed to calm tensions between Bogotá and Caracas?

July 26, 2010: Entrevista con Michael Shifter : "Chávez está en problemas"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Deber
En medio de la crisis de los presos políticos cubanos y del conflicto desatado entre Venezuela y Colombia por la presencia de guerrilleros de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) y el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) en territorio venezolano, el presidente de Diálogo Interamericano y reconocido analista internacional, Michael Shifter, habló con EL DEBER sobre la situación de los gobiernos en América Latina.

July 13, 2010: Film Casts Glowing Light on Hugo Chavez: "South of the Border" Movie Review
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Academy award winning filmmaker Oliver Stone has released the new documentary "South of the Border," which throws a glowing light on Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, arguing that he has been portrayed unfavorably by the U.S. media. Voice of America's Penelope Poulou spoke with Michael Shifter about some of the film's claims.

July 6, 2010: Santos y Washington: ¿Una época diferente?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Mientras se habla tanto de la continuidad entre los gobiernos de Álvaro Uribe y Juan Manuel Santos, tal vez lo más impactante hasta ahora son las diferencias entre el titular y el Presidente electo.

July 6, 2010: Santos and Washington: Beginning of a New Era?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

June 30, 2010: Hay un retroceso democrático claro en Nicaragua
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Confidencial
Desde sus oficinas en Washington D.C, Michael Shifter, Presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, --uno de los principales centros de análisis sobre las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y América Latina-- señala que entre demócratas y republicanos existe preocupación por la forma que el Presidente Daniel Ortega gobierna el país. “No hay confianza en el Consejo Supremo Electoral, ni una ruta fácil para enfrentar los problemas políticos en Nicaragua”, advierte Shifter. Mientras tanto, en la OEA se debate la necesidad de flexibilizar los mecanismos para acceder a la Carta Democrática Interamericana.

June 25, 2010: Qué piensan en Washington de los países de América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Infobae América
Infobae América dialogó en exclusiva con Michael Shifter, presidente de Inter-American Dialogue, el think tank sobre asuntos latinoamericanos más influyente de los Estados Unidos.

June 21, 2010: A Decade of Plan Colombia: Time for a New Approach
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
Few US policies towards Latin America in recent years have generated as much interest, and controversy, as the multi-year program to assist Colombia in its fight against drugs and related violence known as “Plan Colombia.” As it completes a full decade, it is useful to review Plan Colombia's accomplishments as well as its shortcomings and disappointments.

June 21, 2010: Una década del Plan Colombia: por un nuevo enfoque
By Michael Shifter
Source: Política Exterior
Es difícil saber si la lucha contra el narcotráfico y la violencia habría sido más efectiva sin el Plan Colombia promovido por EE UU. Los avances en seguridad han tenido un alto precio en materia de derechos humanos. Es la hora de una nueva política antidroga en la región.

June 16, 2010: Expertos destacan manejo de la crisis en la región y proyectan los riesgos que vienen, una entrevista con Peter Hakim
By Carolina Gutiérrez U.
Source: El Mercurio
El ex director del Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental del FMI, Claudio Loser, y el presidente emérito del Instituto Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, coinciden en que América Latina ha hecho importantes progresos.

June 7, 2010: Is a Santos Victory Assured in Colombia's Second Round?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Latin America Advisor
On May 30, former Colombian Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos handily defeated his rivals in the first round of Colombia's presidential election, winning 46.6 percent of the vote. In the June 20 runoff, he will face off against former Bogotá Mayor Antanas Mockus, who garnered 21.5 percent on May 30. What is the significance of Santos' commanding victory in the first round? Does Mockus stand a chance in the second round? Which of the two candidates will win the support of voters who cast ballots for other candidates in the first round?

June 3, 2010: Santos: Uribe's heir (almost) apparent
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
The results of Sunday's presidential elections in Colombia surprised pollsters and pundits alike. Everyone predicted a very tight race, with a second round almost inevitable. Instead, Juan Manuel Santos, the government-backed candidate of the U Party, handily outdistanced all contenders. What accounts for the rout?

June 3, 2010: Uribe y Santos son los ganadores
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las elecciones del domingo pasado demostraron que, aunque puede que haya algo de "fatiga de Uribe", el mandatario sigue siendo extremadamente popular.

June 3, 2010: The winners are Uribe and Santos
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

May 31, 2010: Santos Takes Sizable Lead in Colombia's Presidential Race
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: PBS NewsHour
In what was originally considered a closely contested race for president in Colombia, former defense minister Juan Manuel Santos ended up taking a comfortable lead against eccentric former Bogota mayor Antanas Mockus in Sunday's first-round vote. To learn more about what the results of the election might mean heading into the runoff, PBS NewsHour spoke to Michael Shifter.

May 28, 2010: Hay que tener altos niveles de aprendizaje
By Interview with Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Dinero (Colombia)
Dinero habló con el codirector de PREAL acerca de la calidad de la educación en Colombia y América Latina.

May 26, 2010: Ecuador's Foreign Policy
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: World Politics Review
The U.S. Embassy in Ecuador recently announced that it had delivered $1.2 million of donated military equipment to the Ecuadoran military, a year after Ecuadoran President Rafael Correa ordered the closing of a U.S. air base in the country. In an e-mail interview, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue, explains Ecuador's bilateral relations with the U.S. and its regional foreign policy.

May 20, 2010: Chávez snubs Colombia
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
At a meeting of the Río Group in February, a Group of Friends led by Dominican President Leonel Fernández offered to mediate the conflict between two neighbors. Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chávez accepted. When Colombia's constitutional court banned Uribe from seeking a third consecutive term, however, Venezuela postponed any improvement in relations until Uribe's successor took office.

May 4, 2010: President Spandex?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
The man who once mooned an auditorium of students, dressed up as a superhero to teach civics lessons, and cleaned up Bogotá while he was at it just might become Colombia's next president.

May 4, 2010: Has Obama Kept His Summit of the Americas Promises?
By Michael Shifter, Bernardo Álvarez, Roger Noriega
It was just over a year ago that leaders of 34 nations of the hemisphere gathered in Trinidad and Tobago for the Summit of the Americas. How much progress has been made in the past year on the goals expressed at the summit?

May 4, 2010: ¿Presidente en lycras?
By Michael Shifter
Source: VenEconomía Mensual

April 29, 2010: Elecciones, una mirada desde Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La carrera para suceder a Álvaro Uribe está haciendo noticia en Washington. Colombia, el país de las sorpresas y las paradojas, una vez más llama la atención.

April 29, 2010: Washington's View of the Colombian Elections
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

April 26, 2010: Bolivia Seeks Investment as Companies Vie to Develop Lithium
By Matthew Schewel
Bolivia's government is in negotiations with a number of firms to develop the country's vast lithium reserves and plans to award the concession to the company that offers it the best deal for "comprehensive industrialization," Finance Minister Luis Arce said Friday.

April 23, 2010: Brazil key to curbing Iran's influence
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Iran is a pariah regime. Claiming only peaceful purposes for its nuclear program, Tehran is processing uranium in quantities that say otherwise. In 2006, the U.N. Security Council first imposed sanctions while offering incentives for the regime to come clean. It hasn't. Is an Iran armed with nuclear weapons inevitable?

April 23, 2010: At Washington Summit, U.S. and Venezuela Renew Energy Dialogue
By Matthew Schewel
Venezuela and the United States last Friday held their first cabinet-level meeting on energy cooperation since 2004, pledging to restart the exchange of technical information that was suspended during the administration of former President George W. Bush.

April 19, 2010: LATIN AMERICA/US: Mixed results one year post-Summit
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: Oxford Analytica
Tangible improvements in relations since President Barack Obama's regional debut at the Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago have been elusive. Frustrations persist over stalled progress on longstanding disputes and the obstacles created by divergent foreign policy priorities and domestic political constraints.

April 9, 2010: A discussion about Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: The Charlie Rose Show
The Charlie Rose Show talks about Latin America with a panel featuring Dialogue president Michael Shifter.

April 8, 2010: Después de la reforma a la salud, ¿qué sigue para Obama?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Con la reforma aprobada, Obama está en posición más fuerte para preparar el terreno y llevar a cabo el trabajo legislativo necesario para el 2011.

April 8, 2010: After health care, what's next for Obama?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

March 23, 2010: Colombia y Ecuador en 2009: El tortuoso camino hacía un restablecimiento de las relaciones (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: EFE Anuario Iberoamericano 2010
This article explores the stormy state of Colombia-Ecuador relations in the past year, but suggests that the many problems between the two countries are longstanding and stem from diverging interests that began years before the March 2008 crisis.

March 23, 2010: Colombia and Ecuador in 2009: The Rocky Road to Restoring Relations
By Michael Shifter and Adam Siegel
Source: EFE Anuario Iberoamericano 2010
This article explores the stormy state of Colombia-Ecuador relations in the past year, but suggests that the many problems between the two countries are longstanding and stem from diverging interests that began years before the March 2008 crisis.

March 3, 2010: Violencia e Impunidad: Cómo Proteger a los Periodistas en Colombia y México (PDF)
By Inter-American Dialogue
En el año 2008 se realizaron dos encuentros privados, uno en Colombia y otro en México, orientados a imprimir mayor urgencia al tratamiento de los delitos en contra del periodismo, a fortalecer la comunicación entre medios y autoridades encargadas de la defensa de los periodistas, y a proponer un conjunto de recomendaciones respecto de la investigación y persecución de hechos de violencia contra la prensa.

March 1, 2010: Decisión de la Corte sobre el referendo fue evaluada por un centro de análisis político de E.U.
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Michael Shifter, vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano en Washington, da su perspectiva sobre el impacto internacional que tiene la decisión que impide un tercer período del presidente Uribe.

February 25, 2010: Is Chávez running scared?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
It happened in Cancún where 32 Latin American and Caribbean countries were meeting. At a private lunch, the group witnessed an unseemly encounter between Alvaro Uribe and Hugo Chávez. Speaking off the record as is customary in these gatherings, Uribe called on Chávez to end Venezuela's hindrance of trade relations with Colombia.

February 18, 2010: Protecting Latin America’s Poor During Economic Crises (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
History tells us that economic crises cause large increases in poverty and slow down or reverse progress in key social indicators. Even when governments try to protect the poor, they often lack the institutional capacity to do so quickly and effectively. The brief describes how past economic crises have affected poverty, education and health in Latin America, and suggests a pro-poor policy response in three areas: the macroeconomic policy mix, the composition of fiscal adjustments and social safety nets. It is the second in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

February 18, 2010: ¿Cómo se puede proteger a la población pobre durante las crisis económicas? Lecciones del pasado. (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
La crisis económica global que comenzó a finales de 2007 ha tenido su repercusión en América Latina. La síntesis ilustra cómo las crisis económicas han afectado la pobreza, la educación y la salud. Aún cuando los gobiernos quisieran proteger a los pobres del impacto de las medidas de austeridad, a menudo carecen de la capacidad institucional para hacerlo de manera rápida y efectiva. En conclusión, se presenta una serie de recomendaciones para que los gobiernos protejan a la población pobre durante los periodos de crisis económica. Es la segunda dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocando en temas claves para la agenda social de la región.

February 17, 2010: Chavez opposition sees opportunity
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: CNN
Heated protests and counterprotests between Hugo Chavez's detractors and supporters can be a problem in itself, Michael Shifter, vice president of the Inter-American Dialogue, told CNN's Christiane Amanpour in an interview on her show on February 17.

February 14, 2010: Las señales mezcladas de Washington
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Es comprensible que los colombianos estén perplejos con dos mensajes recientes que han llegado del gobierno de Obama, que ahora empieza su segundo año. El primero tiene que ver con el Tratado de Libre Comercio que está pendiente, y el segundo es el estatus del paquete de ayudas para Colombia, frecuentemente llamado Plan Colombia.

February 14, 2010: Washington's Mixed Signals
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

February 1, 2010: Obama and Latin America: New Beginnings, Old Frictions
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Signs of frustration are unmistakable in Washington and in many Latin American capitals, despite Obama’s immense personal appeal and the continued promise of a more productive partnership.

February 1, 2010: Obama y América Latina: Nuevos Comienzos, Viejas Fricciones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Política Colombiana

January 28, 2010: New faces, new policies in region (Microsoft Word)
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is swirling everywhere. Such are the ways of democracies, especially when oppositions come alive and defeat or threaten incumbents.

January 26, 2010: No "chavizar" la política exterior
By Genaro Arriagada
Source: La Tercera
Nada le convendría más a Chávez que, en el momento en que la atención internacional está puesta en Piñera, tener con él una confrontación en su estilo que no reconoce maneras. Sería lamentable para Chile entablar una pelea menor con un gobernante que no goza de prestigio alguno.

January 20, 2010: A Disappointing First Year: Obama and Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOREIGN AFFAIRS LATINOAMÉRICA
Inter-American relations have taken a disappointing course for the Obama Administration. The US has suffered several political setbacks in the region since the Trinidad Summit and little progress has been made on most of the “legacy” issues that Obama inherited from Bush and other predecessors.

January 20, 2010: Un decepcionante primer año: Obama y Latinoamérica
By Peter Hakim
Source: FOREIGN AFFAIRS LATINOAMÉRICA
Barack Obama generó un cambio palpable en el ambiente de las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Latinoamérica durante la 5ª Cumbre de las Américas de 2009. Sin embargo, las relaciones interamericanas desde entonces han tomado un curso decepcionante. Estados Unidos ha pasado por varios contratiempos políticos en la región y se ha hecho poco progreso en la mayoría de los temas del “legado” que Obama heredó de George W. Bush y de otros predecesores.

January 16, 2010: Más allá de rótulos ideológicos en Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
Con las elecciones chilenas hoy, y la posible victoria de Sebastián Piñera, no sorprende que algunos medios internacionales y analistas se refieran a un potencial viraje de Latinoamérica hacia la derecha. Esto marcaría una inversión de lo que muchos llamaron "una movida a la izquierda" en la región hace tan solo unos años.

January 16, 2010: Beyond Ideological Labels in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
With next Sunday’s Chilean election, and conservative Sebastian Pinera the expected winner, it is not surprising that some international media and analysts are referring to a possible move to the “right” in Latin America. This would mark a reversal of what so many called a "shift to the left" in the region just a few years ago.

January 7, 2010: El difícil año de Obama en América Latina
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
2009 no fue un buen año para las relaciones Estados Unidos-América Latina. La agenda de Obama para 2010 ante América Latina tampoco será fácil.

January 7, 2010: The Obama Administration: A Difficult Year in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
2009 has not been a good year for U.S.-Latin America relations. Obama’s Latin American agenda will not be any easier in 2010.

January 5, 2010: VIDEO: The Financial Crisis and Latin America: A Conversation With Augusto de la Torre
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
The Dialogue sat down with Augusto de la Torre, Chief Economist for Latin America and the Caribbean at the World Bank, to take stock of the financial crisis which rocked the global economy in 2008 and 2009, and to consider what prospects for recovery lie ahead. The Dialogue's president, Peter Hakim, also comments.

January 5, 2010: La doctrina Chavezjad: Entre el mito y la especulación
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
Venezuela e Irán unen sus fuerzas y recursos para disminuir la influencia de Estados Unidos ¿Hasta dónde será posible conseguir ese objetivo? Existen muchas dudas sobre el verdadero alcance de esta polémica alianza. Michael Shifter, el nuevo presidente del Inter-American Dialogue en Washington, analiza esta relación.

January 5, 2010: The Chavezjad Doctrine: Between Myth and Speculation
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
Venezuela and Iran are using their power and resources in an attempt to reduce US influence across the globe, but will it be possible to achieve this goal? There are many doubts about the true scope of this controversial alliance. Michael Shifter, the new president of the Inter-American Dialogue in Washington, discusses this relationship.

January 4, 2010: Dos retos paralelos de Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: AmericaEconomia
Ha llegado el momento de restablecer la gobernabilidad democrática y demostrar la disposición de defender la democracia en otras naciones del hemisferio.

January 4, 2010: The Twin Challenges of Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: AmericaEconomia
The time has come to disentangle the two objectives of international intervention in Honduras—(1) restoring normal, democratic governance to the country, and (2) demonstrating a readiness to defend democracy in other hemispheric ations—and pursue them on separate tracks.

December 29, 2009: Misunderstanding the Problem
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New Republic
Michael Shifter responds to Jorge Castañeda’s article in The New Republic ("Adios, Monroe Doctrine," December 28, 2009).

December 28, 2009: VIDEO: A Conversation With Peter Hakim
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
As 2009 comes to a close, the Dialogue sat down with Peter Hakim to review the significant events of the year and forecast challenges that might lay ahead. This is the interview with Peter Hakim in its entirety.

December 28, 2009: VIDEO: Year In Review: 2009
By Chris Moore
Source: www.thedialogue.org
As 2009 comes to a close, the Dialogue sat down with staff, including Peter Hakim, Michael Shifter, Dan Erikson, Jeff Puryear, and visiting fellow Aurea Molto, to review the significant events of the year and forecast challenges that might lay ahead.

December 24, 2009: What Issues Will Drive U.S.-Latin American Relations Next Year?
By Peter Hakim
Source: Latin America Advisor
According to a Gallup Poll conducted last summer, Latin Americans' perceptions of U.S. leadership improved dramatically this year as President Barack Obama took office. Despite general public goodwill, however, the Obama administration has faced sharp criticism over the handling of the coup in Honduras and a military agreement between the United States and Colombia that alienated some countries in South America. What issues will drive U.S.-Latin American relations in the coming year? Where should the Obama administration focus its efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean?

December 16, 2009: Obama: De Candidato a Presidente
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
El caso de Obama ha demostrado una vez más que no es lo mismo ser candidato que presidente en ejercicio. Sin embargo, Michael Shifter plantea que, a modo de balance de su primer año como Presidente, corresponde un análisis matizado que comprenda logros innegables pero también dificultades y expectativas no satisfechas.

December 16, 2009: Obama: From Candidate to President
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
The case of Obama has demonstrated once more that being a candidate is not the same as actually being the president. Michael Shifter proposes an analysis of Obama's first year in office, looking at the new president's successes but also his difficulties and unfulfilled expectations.

December 8, 2009: O peso pesado e seu contrapeso.
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
Em vez de continuarem como concorrentes, Brasil e EUA têm mais a ganhar se encontrarem formas de cooperar na América Latina.

December 8, 2009: Brazil: Latin America’s Heavyweight and the U.S.’s Counterweight.
By Peter Hakim
Source: Folha de Sao Paulo
In the coming period, the U.S. may well defer more and more to Brazilian leadership in Latin America—and Brazil’s influence is almost sure to increase across the region. But rather than remaining as competitors or counterweights to each other, both Brazil and the U.S. have more to gain by finding ways to cooperate.

December 1, 2009: La influencia de Chávez es limitada
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Vanguardia
Ecuador's Vanguardia magazine talks to Michael Shifter about Venezuela and Brazil's foreign policy.

November 29, 2009: Brasil deveria deixar princípios de lado e apoiar eleição em Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: R7 Noticias
Para Peter Hakim, o Brasil de Lula joga por Zelaya e não pensa em sua imagem. (Interviewed by R7 Noticias).

November 24, 2009: Playing with fire
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter discusses the latest series of provocations between Colombia and Venezuela and suggests possible roles for the United States and regional organizations in resolving the conflict.

November 24, 2009: Jugando con fuego
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Las tensiones y desconfianzas entre Colombia y Venezuela rara vez han sido más grandes, haciendo remotas las perspectivas para restaurar una funcional relación bilateral.

November 24, 2009: Peru's Garcia Belaunde: Chile Spy Case a Bilateral, Not Regional, Issue
By Matthew Schewel
The Peruvian government does not plan to use Friday's meeting of the Union of South American Nations, or Unasur, as a forum to address a recent spy scandal that has elevated tensions with neighboring Chile, Foreign Minister Jose Antonio Garcia Belaunde said Monday

November 21, 2009: El Hombre de Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Arturo Valenzuela está asumiendo el cargo más alto de política exterior hacia América Latina, en un momento difícil para las relaciones de EE.UU. en el hemisferio. Aunque su conocimiento de América Latina es inigualable, se enfrenta a una agenda difícil.

November 21, 2009: Obama's Man in Latin America
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Arturo Valenzuela is taking over the top Latin American policy job at a rough time for U.S. relations in the hemisphere. While President Obama retains the respect and good will of most governments in the region, the Administration’s hemispheric policies have disappointed many in Latin America and in Washington. His unmatched knowledge of Latin America and ample government experience, notwithstanding, Valenzuela faces a tough agenda.

November 13, 2009: Peru Gov't and Indigenous Group Still Disagree on Bagua Clash
By Matthew Schewel
More than five months after a deadly clash between police and indigenous protesters in the Peruvian Amazon killed at least 34 people, leading the government to roll back efforts to open up the region for oil and gas development and other extractive industries, a Peruvian indigenous leader said native communities are still searching for answers.

November 10, 2009: Calm Down, Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
Michael Shifter looks at the root causes of the current conflict between Colombia and Venezuela.

November 6, 2009: Cambió el alma de América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Viente años después de la caída del Muro de Berlín, Michael Shifter examina relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y América Latina en el periodo post Guerra Fría.

November 6, 2009: It Changed the Soul of Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Michael Shifter examines relations between the United States and Latin America in the post Cold War period.

October 27, 2009: How Poor and Unequal is Latin America and the Caribbean? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
The brief draws on a rich array of sources to identify a set of basic facts about of poverty and inequality in Latin America. It describes the region’s extraordinary concentration of income at the top of the income scale, and its absence at the bottom—setting Latin America apart from every other region of the developing world. The brief concludes that, despite modest recent progress, Latin America remains far from finding an effective strategy for reducing poverty and inequality. It is the first in a series of policy briefs that will target key issues on the region’s social agenda.

October 27, 2009: Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Mariellen Malloy Jewers
La síntesis está sustentada en una amplia gama de información para aclarar lo que sabemos sobre la pobreza y la desigualdad en América Latina. Esta síntesis describe la extraordinaria concentración de ingreso en el sector de la población con mayor renta y su ausencia en el sector de la población más pobre – a diferencia de las demás regiones en desarrollo. La síntesis concluye que, a pesar del modesto progreso visto recientemente, América Latina no parece haber desarrollado una estrategia sólida para reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad. Ésta es la primera dentro de una serie de síntesis de política social enfocada en temas claves para la agenda social de la región.

October 23, 2009: Lecciones para Obama
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Honduras es una prueba crítica para la política exterior de Barack Obama en América Latina. Desafortunadamente, puede ser que repruebe. La postura del gobierno de enfatizar la cooperación multilateral y alinear las agendas de EE.UU. con las de los países de la región, ha sido bien recibida y podría llevar a una relación a largo plazo más productiva. Pero para que eso ocurra debe ser manejada en mejor forma que en el caso de Honduras .

October 23, 2009: Honduras and Multilateralism: Lessons for the Obama Administration
By Peter Hakim
Source: América Economía
Honduras is a critical test for President Obama’s Latin America policy. Unfortunately, he may end up with a failing grade. The Administration’s approach—emphasizing multilateral cooperation and seeking to align U.S. and Latin American agendas—has been welcomed by most Latin Americans, and could lead to a more productive long-term relationship with the region. But the policy needs to be more effectively managed than it has been Honduras.

October 21, 2009: The Argentine Economy in the New Political and International Environment (PDF)
By Miguel Kiguel
Source: econviews
Powerpoint presented by Miguel Kiguel at a Dialogue event, "Argentina's Economy and its Prospect for Recovery and Sustained Growth," moderated by Edgardo Sternberg, on October 21, 2009.

October 18, 2009: "El chavismo es insostenible y genera su propia destrucción"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Universal
Shifter cree que la política de multilaterqalismo a aplicar hacia América latina por parte del presidente Obama tiene a Brasil como un actor de primera fila.

October 18, 2009: "El reto es manejar las diferencias sin agresiones"
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Últimas Noticias
Durante su estado en Caracas, Michael Shifter fue entrevistado por el diario Últimas Noticias sobre temas diversos, incluyendo la política exterior de Barack Obama, relaciones con Venezuela, la política antidroga, y la existencia de pensamiento imperial en los Estados Unidos.

October 16, 2009: House Subcommittee Advances Legislation For Review of Drug Policy
By Matthew Schewel
A group of US lawmakers is calling for a re-examination of America's decades-old "war on drugs," which since 1980 has cost taxpayers at least $14 billion through anti-narcotics efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean

October 14, 2009: Michael Shifter no ve amenaza
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano cree que Washington busca ser pragmático en su relación con Caracas.

September 24, 2009: Colombia Hopes to Win US Hearts in Free Trade Debate
By Matthew Schewel
With a Colombia-US free trade agreement stalled in both houses of the US Congress over concerns about human rights and judicial reform in the South American country, the Colombian government is taking its case directly to the American public, mounting a large-scale public relations campaign that made a stop earlier this month in downtown Washington.

September 18, 2009: Huella Yanqui
By Peter Hakim
Source: Caretas
Sostiene que las bases militares en Colombia no son gran cosa y critica al gobierno de Obama por no hablar con transparencia sobre este tema.

September 14, 2009: Political Ramifications of the Economic Crisis (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Américas Magazine
The longer and deeper the economic crisis, the greater the prospects of drastic, far-reaching political changes in Latin America and elsewhere. Unsettled, erratic politics are the inevitable consequences of plummeting economies, rising joblessness, declining middle class incomes, expanding poverty and destitution, and multiple cutbacks in public services--all of which are now forecast for the region. As in the past, government authorities will become targets of public anger and recrimination, and politics will likely become more polarized and combative.

September 14, 2009: Ramificaciones Políticas de la Crisis Económica (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Américas Magazine
Cuanto mas prolongada y profunda sea la crisis económica, mayores serán las perspectivas de cambios políticos drásticos y profundos en América Latina y el resto del mundo. La aplicación de políticas erráticas e indecisas es la consecuencia inevitable de la caída de las economías, el creciente desempleo, la disminución de los ingresos de la clase media, el aumento de la pobreza y los cortes en los servicios públicos, efectos que ahora se pronostican en la región. Como en el pasado, las autoridades se convertirán en el blanco de las críticas y recriminaciones del público, y las políticas probablemente resulten más polarizadas y combativas.

September 14, 2009: Mesa: US-Bolivia Relations Depend on New Partner to Fight Drugs
By Matthew Schewel
Repairing the fractured relationship between the United States and Bolivia will likely hinge on finding a new partner to supplant US anti-drug efforts in the South American nation, former Bolivian President Carlos Mesa said last week.

September 10, 2009: Keynote Speech to the XIII Annual Andean Development Corporation Conference on Trade in the Americas
By Senator Richard Lugar
Source: CAF Conference
Keynote speech by Senator Richard Lugar delivered during the opening session on the second day of the XIII Annual CAF Conference in Washington DC. OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza introduced the Senator.

September 8, 2009: Another Chance for U.S. Policy in the Americas (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: U.S. Naval War College
The election of Barack Obama was enthusiastically welcomed throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The choice of an African American leader committed to universal values revealed the vitality of U.S. democracy to many in the region who had become skeptical. By their spirited reaction to the new president, Latin Americans have made clear that they want a better relationship with the United States, but they also want Washington to approach the region differently.

September 3, 2009: América Latina: Visión Política de la Región y el Papel de los Estados Unidos
By Michael Shifter
Source: ANALDEX Congreso Nacional de Exportadores
Michael Shifter dio este discurso ante el Congreso Nacional de Exportadores, organizado por la Asociación Nacional de Comercio Exterior (ANALDEX) de Colombia, en Bogotá, 3 de septiembre de 2009.

August 29, 2009: A Missed Opportunity to Discuss Pressing Issues
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano

August 29, 2009: Se desaprovechó una oportunidad para debatir temas de fondo
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter analyzes the aftermath-- and the missed opportunities-- of the UNASUR conference in Argentina.

August 28, 2009: Will Brazil's New Natural Gas Law Stimulate Investment? (PDF)
By Energy Advisor Staff
Earlier this year, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed a new natural gas law that aims to better regulate the industry, stimulate domestic production and spur investment in natural gas infrastructure. What will be the biggest changes in the new regulatory regime and is the law likely to have its intended effect?

August 28, 2009: Outrage over U.S. policy in Latin America
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Russia Today
Russia Today's Dina Gusovsky speaks to Michael Shifter live in the studio about the implications of the base deal between the U.S. and Colombia

August 28, 2009: US-Colombia Military Deal: Latin American presidents holding emergency meeting
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: BBC World News
Michael Shifter appeared on BBC World News in advance of the emergency UNASUR summit to discuss what could be expected and analyze the politics at play.

August 27, 2009: Expectativas de la cumbre
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo
In this Op/Ed for El Tiempo, Michael Shifter examines the regional dynamics in the dispute over the base-sharing deal between Colombia and the United States.

August 27, 2009: Expectations for the UNASUR Summit
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo

August 27, 2009: The Meaning of Honduras
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
Across the political spectrum, the Honduran crisis is viewed as a critical test for the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Inter-American Democratic Charter. It has also become a measuring rod for the hemisphere’s commitment to democracy and a challenge to the Obama administration’s efforts to pursue a more cooperative, multilateral policy in Latin America.

August 27, 2009: Las paradojas de un golpe (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
La crisis en Honduras es vista como una prueba para la OEA y la Carta Democrática Interamericana. También se ha convertido en una medida del compromiso hemisférico con la democracia y un desafío para el gobierno de Barack Obama de lograr una política más cooperativa y multilateral en América Latina.

August 19, 2009: Liderazgo Político y Gobernabilidad Democrática en América Latina y Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: “Los Desafíos de la Democracia en América Latina”
Michael Shifter dio este discurso ante el Foro Internacional “Los Desafíos de la Democracia en América Latina,” organizado por la Corporación Escuela Galán en Bogotá, 19 de agosto de 2009.

August 14, 2009: Ecuador Envoy Calls for Greater Efficiency in Country's Oil Sector
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Energy Advisor
Ecuador's ambassador to the United States called for boosting the efficiency of the country's oil sector and touted Ecuador's potential to supply large Asian markets, even as private investors continue to raise concerns about the country's investment climate.

August 12, 2009: Envoy Says US Military Plan May Embolden Colombian Forces
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Latin America Advisor
A greater US military presence in Colombia would likely increase chances the South American nation would launch a "pre-emptive" attack on a neighboring country, creating a "rupture of the whole inter-American system," Ecuador's ambassador said in an interview with the Advisor.

August 9, 2009: E.U. debió tener la delicadeza de hablar con Lula sobre las bases
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Opina que fue una falta de cortesía, no solo de Colombia, sino de E.U., no informar a los vecinos antes, lo que ha capitalizado a su favor Hugo Chávez.

August 3, 2009: Honduras and the OAS
By Peter Hakim
Source: Revista América Economía
After more than a than a month, the political crisis in Honduras is unresolved, and may be getting worse. The two sides have become increasingly entrenched and polarized in their positions.

July 28, 2009: ¿Se Arma Una Bomba Regional? (PDF)
By La Vanguardia
Source: Vanguardia
¿Una bomba se fabrica en América Latina? Según este artículo, hay señales inequívocas de que algunos conflictos entre países en la región se avivan.

July 20, 2009: A Powerful Grip
By Michael Shifter
Source: America
Brian A. Nelson’s The Silence and the Scorpion is a refreshingly impartial and objective account of the coup of April 11, 2002, in which Hugo Chávez's government was deposed. Nelson uses this seminal event as an instructive vehicle to capture the rancor and mistrust among Venezuelans.

July 13, 2009: Opposition To Or Engagement With Latin American Leftists?
By Michael Shifter
Source: National Journal Online
The Obama administration’s response to the Honduras crisis not only reflected a principled stand, but also helped neutralize Chavez’s role and influence in pursuing a solution.

July 8, 2009: LOS PITIYANQUIS
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual
Lo que nos faltaba por ver en este continente bananero es a Hugo Chávez y a Manuel Zelaya pidiendo, casi rogando, la intervención del imperio en Honduras. Por una vez en su larga carrera de desafueros contra su "patio trasero", el imperio se comporta con discreción y prudencia, se desmarca del único golpe militar latinoamericano que no ha machineado y hete aquí que el "antiimperialista" Chacumbele exige que el imperio meta sus patotas en Honduras.

July 5, 2009: Alta Voz
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Hay mucha hipocresía y doble juego de los políticos que se aprovechan de la situación en Honduras.

July 3, 2009: Golpe por Golpe
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
Las alianzas del presente y el futuro de América Latina con EEUU deberían tener que ver no con la obsecuencia del discurso.

June 30, 2009: La Política Exterior del Presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
By Michael Shifter
Source: Primera Reunión de Embajadores del Perú Acreditados en el Exterior
Michael Shifter dio este discurso en Lima, Perú el 30 de junio 2009.

June 26, 2009: Ecuador's Correa Confronts Teachers With Job Evaluations
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Acting decidedly right-of-center, Ecuador's leftist President Rafael Correa has embarked on a major confrontation with the National Union of Educators (UNE), the country's largest teacher's union, over the first-ever round of teacher evaluations. The assessments are part of a package of reforms that Ecuador's Ministry of Education announced earlier this year. Teachers who do well on their evaluations will get a salary bonus during each of the next four years. However, those who do poorly two years in a row (and after additional training) will lose their jobs.

June 19, 2009: ¿Nueva política de Estado?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
Es hora de que desde el nivel oficial se asuma en serio que la gobernabilidad no consiste en "diktats" que emanan del poder.

June 18, 2009: La relación E.U.-Colombia en vísperas del viaje de Uribe a Washington
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Silla Vacía
En vísperas del viaje de Uribe a Washington, Adam Isacson y Michael Shifter discuten sobre la relación E.U.-Colombia.

June 11, 2009: Latin America Policy during Obama's First 100 Days
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: U.S. State Department
Michael Shifter of the Inter-American Dialogue participated in a State Department teleconference on US policy towards Latin America during President Obama's first 100 days in office.

June 6, 2009: En Sintonía
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Cambios profundos en política de E.U.

June 6, 2009: In Tune: Profound Changes in US Politics
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
If any more proof were needed, Barack Obama’s nomination of Sonia Sotomayor, a New York federal appeals court judge of Puerto Rican descent, as a justice on the United States Supreme Court confirms how American attitudes toward partisanship and race have fundamentally changed in recent years.

June 3, 2009: Muchos sectores de E.U. 'querrán alejarse de la OEA': Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
El Tiempo entrevistó en Washington a Shifter para conocer sus impresiones sobre la derogación de la resolución que expulsaba de la OEA a la isla.

May 8, 2009: Alo, ¿Cuba?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: La República (Peru)
El gobierno cubano, por su parte, ha expresado que está dispuesto a hablar sobre el tema de la democracia.

May 1, 2009: Siete pasos para mejorar las relaciones Estados Unidos - Colombia (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Revista Perspectiva (Colombia)
Cualesquier políticas y programas que involucren a Colombia se deben llevar a cabo con gran respeto y sensibilidad, en consulta estrecha y en concierto con actores nacionales claves.

April 27, 2009: Atmospherics Dominate Cordial Summit
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Oxford Analytica
US President Barack Obama was the undisputed centre of attention at his first meeting with hemispheric leaders, and it is clear that he enjoys a significant reserve of goodwill. This obscured differences during the Summit and created an opportunity for cooperation impossible under the previous US administration.

April 23, 2009: Obama and Chávez: Energy Partners?
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul J. Wander
Source: Journal of Energy Security
The US and Venezuela are likely to remain embroiled in an unfriendly but effective partnership based on strong northward trade flows of oil and other resources and southward flows of hard currency in the short term. While both sides have complained that the other is not the ideal trading partner, pragmatism trumped political rhetoric during the Bush administration, and Obama is unlikely to be much different in this regard. Still, competition for Latin America’s energy supplies will undoubtedly intensify at a time when many nations are seeking to exercise greater control over their oil and gas reserves. US policymakers need to be vigilant and proactive. The long-term outlook for US energy security will improve if they can fashion a compelling response to the new dynamic created by America’s falling economic power and Latin America’s resurgent nationalism. As with all previous US and Venezuelan administrations before them, Obama and Chavez are fated to be energy partners.

April 20, 2009: Al son del calipso
By Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Tal Cual (Venezuela)
Por primera vez una reunión entre América Latina-Caribe y Estados Unidos no presenta tensiones relevantes ni termina en pura retórica sin consecuencias. Desde este punto de vista, la Cumbre de Trinidad debe mucho al modo como el gobierno de Obama la encaró y la preparó.

April 18, 2009: Michael Shifter on the Summit of the Americas (Video)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: C-SPAN's Washington Journal
Michael Shifter discussed the Summit of the Americas and answered questions from callers on C-SPAN's Washington Journal program.

April 17, 2009: 'Obama está dispuesto a hablar con sus adversarios'
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Habrá un cambio con respecto a la administración de Bush. Obama es un presidente pragmático dispuesto a hablar con sus adversarios y a buscar maneras de cooperar. Pero no se puede esperar muchas políticas concretas muy drásticas, eso no sería realista.

April 16, 2009: Colombia's Alvaro Uribe -- Return of the South American Strongman?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
The Colombian president threatens to tarnish his nation's democratic traditions by jockeying for a third term.

April 14, 2009: ¿Qué destino le depara a la alianza?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la red
Los caminos de Cuba y Venezuela se han cruzado muchas veces. A principios de la década de los sesenta, La Habana respaldó a grupos armados contra gobiernos venezolanos democráticamente electos.

April 9, 2009: What awaits the Cuba-Venezuela alliance?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Cuba and Venezuela have often crossed paths. In the early 1960s, Havana abetted armed groups against democratically elected Venezuelan governments. Meddling in Venezuela's affairs, in part, determined Cuba's 1962 suspension from the Organization of American States. Caracas and Havana stood at irreconcilable odds afterward.

April 8, 2009: The Promise of Port of Spain
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
In light of Washington’s continued distraction with other issues and the refreshing temperament of the new US president, new opportunities are emerging. Unlike in the past, little stands in the way of open and honest discussions on even the most sensitive issues in the Americas.

April 8, 2009: Promesa de Puerto España
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
A la luz de las continuas distracciones de Washington con otros asuntos, y al temperamento refrescante del nuevo presidente, aparecen nuevas oportunidades. A diferencia del pasado, hay pocos obstáculos en el camino hacia una discusión abierta y honesta sobre los temas más sensibles del continente.

April 1, 2009: Las batallas de Obama (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
El comienzo de Obama no ha sido cualquier cosa. Todas las expectativas se han quedado cortas. Por algo el autor dice que ya está claro que habemus líder en Estados Unidos. La crisis es un mal punto de partida pero a la vez puede ser la oportunidad para el cambio prometido.

April 1, 2009: The Battles of Obama
By Michael Shifter
The economic crisis led to a poor start for the Obama administration, but it may turn out to be an opportunity to transform the country.

April 1, 2009: Hometown Associations: Transnationalism, Philanthropy, and Development (PDF)
By Manuel Orozco and Eugenia García-Zanello
Source: Brown Journal of World Affairs
Transnational migration and globalization have transformed the relationship between individuals and their surrounding communities, particularly between migrants, their homelands, and their host countries. In the context of this new transnationalism, new players have emerged, expanding the scope of international interaction. One such player is the hometown association (HTA) formed by immigrants seeking to support their places of origin, maintain relationships with local communities, and retain a sense of community as they adjust to life in their new home countries.

March 10, 2009: INFORME Diálogo Interamericano propone el intercambio de embajadores
By Fabiola Zerpa
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
El centro de análisis señala que la influencia del Presidente en América Latina disminuirá por la caída del petróleo.

March 9, 2009: Politics Take Center Stage
By Michael Shifter
Source: Poder
The best and worst cases of political polarization and reconciliation in Latin America.

March 9, 2009: "Sólo una elite de cubano-americanos mantiene la idea del embargo" (PDF)
By Interview with Dan Erikson
Source: El Nacional
El director del Programa del Caribe de Diálogo Interamerican aseguró que durante el gobierno del presidente Barack Obama habrá cambios en la política de Washington hacia La Habana, aunque no serán drásticos.

March 4, 2009: Raúl Castro and Cuba's Global Diplomacy (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson and Paul Wander
Source: Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, Vol. 18
Cuba's global relations are on the upswing. In the two years since Raúl Castro took power in July 2006, he has ushered in subtle but important changes in Cuba's foreign policy while benefiting from a widely-shared desire on the part of many foreign countries to reach out to Cuba during its moment of transition away from the historic rule of Fidel Castro.

March 3, 2009: Governments in Power Face Difficult Times (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Russia Journal
As growth slows and unemployment increases, the social agenda may well become even more important. I suspect there will be a pattern of defeating incumbent governments and turning to alternatives, moving in the contrary direction.

February 19, 2009: América Latina y el Caribe en la coyuntura económica internacional: ¿cómo sobrevivirá la región?
By Claudio Loser
Source: Real Instituto Elcano
Este ARI revisa los antecedentes a la crisis actual en Latinoamérica y el Caribe, en el contexto más general de la crisis global.

February 17, 2009: A sort of centrist weighs in on Chavez victory
By Interview with Teodoro Petkoff
Source: Los Angeles Times
Teodoro Petkoff is a former leftist revolutionary and Cabinet minister. He is now editor of Tal Cual, a scrappy Caracas-based alternative newspaper. In highly polarized Venezuela, he is perhaps the closest thing to a centrist commentator.

February 1, 2009: Latin Primer (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Monocle (United Kingdom)
Latin Americans know the region won't be Barack Obama's top priority. But they do expect he will be less patronising than his predecessors.

February 1, 2009: Política y Crisis Económica en América Latina (PDF)
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: Andean Democracy Research Network
La crisis y recesión económica global que estalló en setiembre de 2008 toca a todos los países del planeta. No hay territorios blindados. Es éste el contexto en el que estalló la actual crisis y recesión global y en base a la cual se abren interrogantes sobre los efectos económicos y políticos de la misma en la región latinoamericana.

January 29, 2009: Populists intent on destroying democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Except for the past 25 years, democracy -- at minimum, civil liberties, separation of powers, free elections -- has mostly been a stranger in Latin America. Until the 1950s, traditional, strong-man dictatorships were, more often than not, the norm. In the 1960s, ''modern,'' institutional dictatorships entered the stage. Then, beginning in the late 1970s, democratic waves swept away these military regimes. But that's not the whole story. Populism -- el pueblo as the beneficiary of government policies -- left a deep imprint in the region's political culture. Leaders such as Juan Domingo Perón and Getúlio Vargas opened the politics of Argentina and Brazil to include workers and improve their lives. In that sense, this first-generation populism initially did well in Latin America.

January 4, 2009: “El narcotráfico demandará de Obama atención política de alto nivel” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica El Salvador
Este analista del Interamerican Dialogue de Washington cree que el enfoque de Obama en la guerra contra las drogas debe ir más allá del apoyo financiero a programas tradicionales. Pide creatividad e innovación.

January 1, 2009: Obama & Latin America: Magic or Realism? (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: World Policy Journal
While it is too early to know if the presidency of Barack Obama will lead to an important restructuring of inter-American relations, there is little question that the potential for momentous change is in the air. If the Obama presidency follows the pattern of its predecessors, the early warm glow of good feelings will soon give way to a pragmatic understanding on both sides of the relationship regarding the possibilities and limits of what the United States and Latin America can expect of the other.

December 28, 2008: Obama's Cabinet
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Although questions about policy positions persist, the complete selection of his cabinet and high-level advisors offers clues about what the US and world can expect over the next four years.

December 28, 2008: El gabinete de Obama
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Persisten los interrogantes sobre sus posturas políticas, pero la completa elección de su gabinete y el alto nivel de sus asesores ofrecen pistas sobre lo que E.U. y el mundo pueden esperar en los próximos cuatro años.

December 19, 2008: Latinoamérica: Me llega la crisis
By Interviews with members of the Andean Working Group
Source: Ideele (Peru)
Hace poco se realizó en Lima la reunión del Andean Working Group, promovida por Diálogo Interamericano, en la que participaron destacados especialistas de diferentes partes de Latinoamérica. Ideele conversó con Teodoro Petkoff de Venezuela, César Montúfar de Ecuador, José Miguel Vivanco de Chile, George Gray de Bolivia y el latinoamericanista canadiense Hal Klepak sobre la situación en que nos halla la crisis global, cuán preparados estamos y cuál es la actualidad política, social y de derechos humanos en Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Cuba y Colombia.

December 18, 2008: El Estilo Obama (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Caretas (Peru)
Caretas lo entrevistó el viernes 12 en su breve paso por Lima para participar en un panel internacional en el Instituto de Estudios Peruanos. Esto es lo que piensa sobre las futuras relaciones de EE.UU. con América Latina.

December 15, 2008: El Perú globalizado: Éxito económico con fracturas sociales (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú en el siglo XXI
Pese a que siguen existiendo retos importantes, los niveles de crecimiento del Perú, así como su inmersión en la economía global, han contribuido al verdadero progreso y la estabilidad. La enraizada pobreza del país –que sigue aumentando en ciertas regiones– revela que importantes segmentos de la población están siendo excluidos de los beneficios del espectacular crecimiento del país. Sólo tres de cada diez peruanos aprueban la actuación de Alan García, e, implícitamente, la dirección que está tomando el país; esto quiere decir que los reacios problemas sociales podrían hacer que descarrile la estrategia del gobierno de una mayor globalización como solución a los problemas sociales.

December 10, 2008: Chávez es su peor amigo
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
El 23 de noviembre, Hugo Chávez ganó el 75% de los cargos que se disputaban en las elecciones locales, regionales y estatales. Sus candidatos consiguieron 5,4 millones de votos en el país y la oposición obtuvo 4,4 millones. Los chavistas se impusieron en 17 de las 22 contiendas gubernamentales en la lid electoral.

November 23, 2008: América Latina y sus nuevas amistades
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
Mientras Hu Jintao, el presidente chino, visitaba Costa Rica, Perú y Cuba su colega ruso, Dmitri Medvédev, embarcaba hacia Brasil, Perú, Cuba y Venezuela donde coincidirá con la llegada del crucero nuclear ruso Pedro el Grande para participar en maniobras conjuntas con la Marina venezolana.

November 22, 2008: América Latina: vulnerable frente a la crisis financiera global
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal (Mexico)
Venezuela y Argentina sufren un riesgo particularmente grave por su dependencia en las exportaciones de materias primas, y porque sus economías han sido pobremente administradas y sus acreedores e inversionistas sienten que fueron tratados con dureza.

November 22, 2008: Latin America and the Global Financial Crisis
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Universal(Mexico)
It was not too many months ago that Latin American governments and financial analysts generally were confident that the quality of the region’s economic management and its solid pace of growth in recent years would enable most countries to withstand a U.S. recession without suffering much damage to their own economies.

November 21, 2008: LATIN AMERICA/US: Obama may mark attitude shift
By Michael Shifter
Source: Oxford Analytica
Obama's election has generated enormous goodwill and enthusiasm in the region, as in the rest of the world. Although many Latin Americans are expecting change from Washington, most understand that Obama and Congress will be consumed by other urgent priorities.

November 21, 2008: At OAS, Evo Morales Calls for an End to US Policies of 'Imposition'
By Matthew Schewel
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
In his first ever trip to Washington, Bolivian President Evo Morales thanked the Organization of American States for help that he said prevented civil war in his nation earlier this year. Morales also proved to be a polarizing figure, even on US soil, as a small group of Bolivians assembled outside the OAS protested what they claimed was political repression in the Andean nation.

November 14, 2008: Obama y Uribe, la pareja dispareja
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Uribe empezó su mandato con el país en una crisis de seguridad. Obama enfrenta también una crisis sin precedentes, dos guerras en el extranjero y una debacle financiera. Mientras responde a estos retos, E.U. debe reconocer sus múltiples responsabilidades en el escenario global. No es opción volverse hacia sí mismos. Y tampoco lo es alejarse de sus viejos amigos.

November 14, 2008: Obama and Uribe, the Odd Couple
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Their temperaments and outlooks on the world differ sharply, making it unlikely they will replicate the chemistry between George Bush and Uribe or between Bill Clinton and Andrés Pastrana. Nevertheless, Obama and Uribe could well get along better than many observers expect.

November 9, 2008: El cambio también llega a América Latina (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
El presidente electo Barack Obama es un líder de gran inteligencia y disciplina y es muy probable que sea moderado y pragmático en su acercamiento a una complicada agenda doméstica y extranjera.

November 9, 2008: Change also Arrives to Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Obama, a leader of enormous intellect and discipline, is likely to be measured and pragmatic in his approach to a daunting domestic and foreign agenda.

November 7, 2008: Atando Cabos. Presidente Obama, ¿y América Latina?
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: Diario La República (Peru)
Pese a la marginalidad del tema "América Latina" en la campaña presidencial, el triunfo de Obama es muy positivo.

November 7, 2008: Timely questions about Colombia, free trade
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
''It is going to be part of the president's job to deal with more than one thing at once,'' said candidate Barack Obama in late September amid the financial meltdown. And so it will be for President Obama after his inauguration on Jan. 20, 2009.

November 3, 2008: “La crisis económica tendió a afirmar a los demócratas” (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Observador (Uruguay)
El analista Michael Shifter dijo a El Observador que McCain no mostró tranquilidad

November 2, 2008: The Challenge in South America
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
That Latin America will not rank high on the agenda is, of course, nothing new. What is new, however, is how the political landscape has been transformed – especially in South America.

October 30, 2008: Relaciones Venezuela - EEUU después del 4/11
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Universal (Venezuela)
Michael Shifter ofrece su percepción acerca de posibles escenarios en las relaciones de Venezuela con los Estados Unidos en caso de resultar electo Barack Obama o John McCain.

October 27, 2008: U.S.-Latin American Relations: Recommendations for the New Administration
By Michael Shifter
Source: University of Virgina Miller Center Forum
It is crucial for senior policy officials responsible for Latin America in January 2009 to take a fresh and honest look at the divergent tendencies unfolding in the region. Tired notions about an area long regarded in the United States as its strategic prerogative should give way to a nuanced appreciation of the marked regional differentiation.

October 25, 2008: Y no le hicieron caso... (PDF)
By Diego García-Sayán
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Estigmatizado por los conservadores, ultraderechistas y Wall Street, Nouriel Roubini, viene acertando desde hace cuatro años en prefigurar las tendencias de la crisis financiera y hasta aspectos tan específicos como el colapso de Lehman Brothers.

October 23, 2008: El acuerdo boliviano
By George Gray Molina
Source: Argumentos (Peru)
Del abismo a la mesa, y de la mesa al acuerdo. Luego de semanas de violencia, confinamientos políticos y diálogo interrumpido, el 21 de octubre pasado el parlamento boliviano promulgó dos leyes que modifican más de 100 artículos de la Nueva Constitución Política de Estado, llaman a referendo constitucional el 25 de enero de 2009, y llaman a elecciones generales para diciembre de 2009.

October 10, 2008: Russia Exploits an Opening in Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Source: Latin America Advisor
With the expulsion last month of the US ambassadors to Bolivia and Venezuela, few were surprised to see Washington's relations with Latin America reach a new low. Far more striking is the fact the Russia's Vladimir Putin has taken advantage of receding US influence to step into the breach and actively consolidate Moscow's ties with the region.

October 9, 2008: No Way to Influence Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
The Oct. 6 editorial "A Choice for Latin America" described the regional situation in excessively stark terms, leading to a misguided policy prescription.

September 26, 2008: La montaña rusa de la campaña
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Estados Unidos está aprendiendo lo que América Latina aprendió hace muchos años: en política, un día es una eternidad. La campaña presidencial, ya en su recta final, ha sido una montaña rusa.

September 26, 2008: The Campaign Rollercoaster
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
The United States is now learning what most of Latin America learned many years ago: one day is a long time in politics. The presidential campaign, now in its final stretch, has been a rollercoaster.

September 22, 2008: El país y Estados Unidos pierden con la expulsión de embajadores
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Razón (Bolivia)
El Diálogo Interamericano, un centro de pensamiento en EEUU, organizó un foro para analizar la actual situación de América Latina y los últimos conflictos entre Bolivia, Venezuela y EEUU. Después del foro, el vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, conversó con La Razón.

September 20, 2008: Ecuador es diferente a Bolivia
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
Entrevista - Michael Shifter, Vicepresidente del Interamerican Dialogue

September 16, 2008: Colombia then and now
By Rep. Jerry Weller
Source: The Washington Times
Today, the people of Colombia are proud of their nation's progress; they feel safer and more secure. They are making plans for the future. They have hope and you can see it in their eyes.

September 13, 2008: “Sería suicidio para Chávez cortar el suministro a EUA”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa Gráfica (El Salvador)
Michael Shifter, uno de los analistas más respetados de Washington sobre Suramérica, señaló que de concretarse el apoyo militar ofrecido por el presidente venezolano, Hugo Chávez, a su par boliviano, Evo Morales, representaría un mal precedente en América Latina.

September 8, 2008: Obama, McCain Offer Stark Contrasts on Latin America Policy
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: America.gov
Regional specialists size up candidates’ differences on Western Hemisphere.

September 7, 2008: La última batalla (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Con las propuestas sobre la mesa, el demócrata Barack Obama y el republicano John McCain salen a la caza de los indecisos.

September 7, 2008: The Final Battle
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
With their proposals on the table, the Democrat Barack Obama and the Republican John McCain go on the hunt for undecided votes.

September 2, 2008: Adicción fatal
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Encuentro en la Red
América Latina: ¿Son suficientes dos períodos presidenciales? La política es un deporte de contacto. En Estados Unidos lo hemos estado practicando en los últimos dieciocho meses, aunque es sólo ahora que Barack Obama y John McCain pueden ostentar, de manera oficial, los títulos de candidatos. Se augura un reñido combate, como no habíamos presenciado antes, para los próximos 60 días.

August 28, 2008: Two presidential terms is enough
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Politics is a contact sport. In the United States, we've been at it for the past 18 months even if Barack Obama and John McCain are only now officially donning the title of candidate. The next 70 days promise a match like we've never seen before.

July 31, 2008: Barack Obama y América Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
La semana pasada, Barack Obama había podido recibir una bienvenida tan calurosa en Buenos Aires o Bogotá como la que tuvo en Berlín. Como Europa y gran parte del mundo, América Latina está cansada con George Bush y ansiosa por un cambio.

July 31, 2008: Barack Obama and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Last week Barack Obama could have easily generated a similarly warm reception in Buenos Aires or even Bogotá, as he did in Berlin. Like Europe and much of the world, Latin America is tired of George Bush and anxious for change.

July 28, 2008: Calderon's Popularity Hinges on Success of Anti-Drug Effort
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Landen Romei
Source: Latin America Advisor
When Felipe Calderon assumed the presidency on December 2, 2006, his legitimacy was in question. On July 2, 2006, he had won the narrowest of victories over Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who cried fraud and proclaimed himself the "legitimate president."

July 23, 2008: “No hay confianza en ambos gobiernos (Bolivia y EEUU)”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Razón (Bolivia)
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, habló con La Razón en Washington DC sobre la crisis de Bolivia y las relaciones con Estados Unidos. Por el Diálogo Interamericano han pasado principales políticos, pensadores y analistas de diferentes tendencias. Sobre el tema boliviano han participado analistas, gente del Gobierno y los prefectos opositores.

July 9, 2008: Comienza la posguerra en Colombia
By Joaquin Villalobos
Source: El País
En Colombia fue necesario darle una oportunidad a la guerra. La paz negociada debe ser siempre el propósito fundamental en un conflicto, pero, en algunas ocasiones, pretenderla a toda costa puede significar la prolongación de la guerra.

July 6, 2008: Chávez comprendió a tiempo que las FARC le restaban (PDF)
By Interview with Teodoro Petkoff
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
El director del diario Tal Cual y opositor al régimen venezolano plantea que el fin del chavismo y del terorismo en Colombia se avizora en el horizonte.

July 6, 2008: La Mandela colombiana
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
La semana pasada apareció una Mandela en Colombia. En el helicóptero que llevaba a Ingrid Betancourt a la libertad después de más de seis años de sufrimientos también viajaban César y Gafas, dos de los líderes del grupo de las FARC a cargo de su custodia y quienes eran los responsables de muchas de las crueldades que sufrió la ex candidata presidencial.

July 3, 2008: ‘A Devastating Blow’
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Newsweek
Michael Shifter, an expert on Latin American politics at the Inter-American Dialogue, spoke to Newsweek's Katie Paul about how the rescue could affect regional politics and the future of the FARC.

July 3, 2008: E.U. celebra el rescate pero piensa en el TLC
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Michael Shifter, Vicepresidente de Política de Diálogo Interamericano en Washington, E.U., le dijo a El Colombiano que las celebraciones más que obvias por el rescate de los 15 secuestrados por las Farc, no borran el ambiente de preocupación que existe en sectores demócratas de su país.

July 1, 2008: Las papas queman: causas y consecuencias de la carestia alimentaria (PDF)
By Nora Lustig
Source: NEXOS
Hasta hace poco tiempo, irónicamente, la queja principal de los países en desarrollo era que los precios de los productos agrícolas se mantenían artificialmente bajos en el mercado internacional—y con ello se dejaba fuera de la competencia a millones de productores--debido a la política de subsidios hacia el sector en los países avanzados. La injusticia prevaleciente en las reglas del juego, se decía, condenaba a una parte del mundo en desarrollo a vivir en la pobreza.

June 30, 2008: “Sería un suicidio si Uribe se la juega con McCain”: Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: Semana (Colombia)
El analista de asuntos latinoamericanos en Washington, Michael Shifter, dice que si Uribe se la juega con el candidato republicano podría afectar la eventual aprobación del TLC en el Congreso gringo.

June 27, 2008: La Visita de McCain
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
La visita de McCain puede no darle mucho en el aspecto electoral, pero indirectamente puede estimular un debate de mayor calidad, altamente necesario en Estados Unidos, al sacar a la luz los desafíos en Colombia y México.

June 27, 2008: McCain's Visit to Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
McCain’s visit may not yield much for him electorally, but by shining a light on the challenges in Colombia and Mexico, it may indirectly help stimulate a higher quality and sorely needed debate on these pressing issues.

June 10, 2008: Obama, McCain and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Old habits die hard. Though Obama, the likely Democratic nominee, gave a wide-ranging address, the media predictably focused on a single issue: Cuba.

June 10, 2008: Obama, McCain y A. Latina
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Aunque Obama hizo un discurso de amplio espectro, los medios se centraron en un tema: Cuba. El contraste entre los dos candidatos respecto a esta cuestión es considerable.

June 10, 2008: ¿Cuánto puede durar un “empate catastrófico”?
By Carlos Basombrío Iglesias
Source: Peru21
Evo Morales sigue siendo un presidente con mandato fuerte y con la sólida adhesión de la mitad de los bolivianos. Pero, a la vez, tiene a la otra mitad, no sólo en contra, sino en abierta desobediencia a su gobierno, actuando por fuera del marco legal, promoviendo un proyecto político, social y económico totalmente incompatible con el suyo.

June 9, 2008: Help opposition to restore democracy
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Once again Hugo Chávez may be overreaching. On May 28, a spine-chilling intelligence decree went into effect.

June 8, 2008: ¿Obama y Colombia, una política contradictoria?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
La posición de Barack Obama frente a Colombia podría parecer contradictoria para muchos, pues mientras se opone al Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) con Estados Unidos, apoya fuertemente los esfuerzos de seguridad del Gobierno colombiano. Esa contradicción, sin embargo, no es percibida por el candidato demócrata y ni por muchos de los miembros de su partido.

June 8, 2008: Barack Obama and Colombia, a Contradictory Policy?
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Colombiano
Barack Obama’s positions on Colombia – he opposes the free trade agreement with the United States but strongly supports the government’s security efforts – may seem contradictory to many in Colombia, but the Democratic nominee and many in his political party see no such inconsistency.

May 22, 2008: FARC's a 'hot potato'
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Interpol’s technical report is crystal clear: Colombia did not alter the computers salvaged from the rubble of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) camp in Ecuador on March 1. Evaluating the substantive content of the 10,000 files is another matter altogether.

May 22, 2008: Nuestra responsabilidad es detener la imposición de un proyecto totalitario
By interview with Jorge Quiroga Ramírez
Source: La Razon (Bolivia)
Lo que enfrentamos es la extensión del modelo chavista en el hemisferio, que ha puesto sus garras en Bolivia hace muchos años y que tiene un gobierno títere y sumiso a sus designios hegemónicos, totalitarios y autoritarios.

May 18, 2008: Lula versus Chávez
By Moisés Naím
Source: El País (Spain)
Mientras Hugo Chávez se dedica a insultar a la Interpol, Lula da Silva celebra a Standard &Poor's. La Interpol existe para combatir el crimen internacional y Standard&Poor's para evaluar riesgos de inversión. Las dos acaban de emitir importantes informes.

May 17, 2008: Uruguay y la región tienen que acentuar reformas económicas (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El País (Uruguay)
El vicepresidente de la influyente institución Diálogo Interamericano, no rehúye ninguna pregunta sobre el actual panorama político, económico y diplomático en el continente. De acuerdo con Shifter, la crisis en ese país afectará mínimamente al Cono Sur, aunque éste deberá estar prevenido y no caer “en la complacencia”. Tampoco cree que el sucesor del presidente GeorgeW. Bush en EE.UU. traiga un cambio en el vínculo con la región. Para él, las ideas de un “Socialismo del Siglo XXI” tampoco son la respuesta.

May 7, 2008: Consulta popular como alternativa para dirimir las diferencias sobre la reforma política
By Marta Lucía Ramírez de Rincón
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
En días pasados, propuse la inmediata convocatoria presidencial a una Gran Alianza por la Ética en la política y a una Consulta Popular obedeciendo a la urgencia histórica que provoca la crisis política actual.

May 1, 2008: Bolivia, Ecuador y Venezuela, la refundación andina (PDF)
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Política Exterior
Morales, Correa y Chávez llegaron al poder con la promesa de una transformación política radical. El punto de partida ha sido poner en marcha nuevas constituciones en Bolivia, Ecuador y Venezuela, una estrategia con resultados inesperados e inciertos para los presidentes.

May 1, 2008: Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela: The Andean Refoundation
By Michael Shifter and Dan Joyce
Source: Política Exterior (Spain)
Constitutional assemblies are an increasingly popular solution to political dissatisfaction in the Andean region of South America. But the sharp differences in these two images, of leaders at different ends of the constitutional cycle, illustrate that these promises to engineer profound, deep-seeded change have significant limitations and drawbacks.

April 30, 2008: Upgrade for Peru Follows Decade of Strong Economic Results
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor
Peru, the seventh-largest economy in Latin America, was recently granted investment-grade status by Fitch Ratings. This action can be expected to be followed by the other two international rating agencies. Peru thus joins a very exclusive regional club, up to now only consisting of Chile and Mexico.

April 17, 2008: Los obstáculos al TLC con E.U.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Se les puede perdonar a los colombianos que no entiendan por qué el TLC de su país con Estados Unidos fue frenado. El problema en este caso es que el pensamiento racional no ofrece una explicación satisfactoria.

April 17, 2008: Obstacles Facing the Free Trade Agreement with the United States
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Colombians can be forgiven if they have trouble understanding precisely why their country’s free trade agreement with the United States has been put on hold. In this case, the problem may be that rational thought does not offer a satisfactory explanation.

April 10, 2008: The Surest Road to Peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Abiding by the simple principles embodied in the fragile détente forged in the Dominican Republic and seconded by the OAS -- sovereignty and security -- is the surest road to peace.

April 6, 2008: La región vista desde Estados Unidos (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
Las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y Sudamérica, las pugnas internas en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN), el gobierno de Evo Morales y su alianza con el presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez, la “izquierda” en Latinoamérica, las posibilidades discursivas del Socialismo del Siglo XXI...

April 6, 2008: The Region as Seen from the United States
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Bolivia)
Relations between the United States and South America, internal conflict in the Andes, the government of Evo Morales and his alliance with President Chávez of Venezuela, the left in Latin America, the possibilities for Socialism for the 21st Century...

March 23, 2008: EE.UU. mantendría relaciones con un gobierno de izquierda (PDF)
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Diario de Hoy (El Salvador)
Independientemente de quién gane las elecciones presidenciales en Estados Unidos en noviembre próximo, el nuevo gobierno de ese país respetará la decisión quelos salvadoreños tomen en las urnas en 2009. Así opinan los politólogos entrevistados por El Diario de Hoy en Washington.

March 19, 2008: Colombia perdió un poco: no esperaba tantas críticas
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
¿Quién es el perdedor y el ganador de esta crisis que ha sido superada?Primero diría que los grandes perdedores son las FARC, perdieron a su líder poderoso y ya quedó muy claro que Ecuador no va a proteger a la guerrilla. Colombia gana, en cierta forma, porque eliminó a un líder importante, era el comunicador de las FARC.

March 16, 2008: Estados Unidos y su "patio trasero" (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Washington jugó un rol marginal para calmar la reciente crisis entre los países andinos. El rol fue cumplido esencialmente por los latinoamericanos, en especial Brasil, Chile, República Dominicana, el Grupo de Río y la Organización de los Estados Americanos.

March 16, 2008: The United States and its "Backyard"
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Washington played a strikingly marginal role in calming the recent Andean crisis. That role was left essentially to the Latin Americans - especially Brazil, Chile, the Dominican Republic, the Rio Group and the Organization of American States, under the leadership of Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza.

March 6, 2008: 'Lula' debería asumir un liderazgo para encontrarle salidas a la crisis
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
A pesar de todo, hay buenas noticias en medio de los hechos de los últimos días.

March 5, 2008: 'Lula' should show leadership to end the crisis
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
While the prospect of interstate war is clearly ominous and unnerving, there is some good news buried in the chain of events unfolding in the Andes.

February 22, 2008: Se va Bush, ¿qué viene? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú Económico
Los latinoamericanos y quienes siguen los sucesos en la región crecientemente se hacen la inevitable pregunta: ¿Cómo cambiará la nueva administración la política de EEUU hacia América Latina?

February 22, 2008: Bush is leaving, what is coming? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú Económico
Latin Americans and those who follow the region are increasingly asking the inevitable question: How will the new administration change US policy towards Latin America?

February 20, 2008: Preocupante ranking de desempeño estudiantil
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Publicado en el Latin America Advisor, el boletín diario del Diálogo Interamericano.
Una vez más los países de Latinoamérica se ubicaron en los últimos lugares de un ranking que clasifica a países de acuerdo con los puntajes promedio obtenidos en una prueba internacional de desempeño estudiantil. ¿Cómo podemos interpretar este pobre resultado?

February 7, 2008: Michael Shifter: Si Obama o Clinton ganan finalmente las elecciones, la relación de EE.UU. con América Latina mejorará
By Michael Shifter (interview)
Source: ideele Radio (Peru)
Si Barack Obama o Hillary Clinton, logran finalmente ganar las elecciones presidenciales en Estados Unidos, la relación entre este país y América Latina mejorará, pues se abriría un mayor clima de confianza, aseguró el vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter.

February 4, 2008: The Macroeconomic Environment for Competitiveness in Latin America (PDF)
By Claudio M. Loser
Under the basic premise that macroeconomic stability is a pre-condition for competitiveness, this article reviews some of the key principles that determine the basis for good macroeconomic performance, the recent experience of the region in this regard, and some lessons for the future. Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. NOTE: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been reviewed or edited. The definitive version of this extract may be found in the work Can Latin America Compete?: confronting the challenges of globalization edited by Jerry Haar and John Price, which can be purchased from http://www.palgrave-usa.com/catalog/product.aspx?isbn=1403975434.

February 1, 2008: Building Human Capital: Is Latin American Education Competitive? (PDF)
By Jeffrey Puryear and Tamara Ortega Goodspeed
Source: Can Latin America Compete?: Confronting the Challenges of Globalization (Haar and Price, ed.)
Latin America’s ability to compete successfully in global markets depends significantly on the quality of its labor force, which in turn depends on the quality of its schools. By making learning the chief measure of success and making schools accountable to citizens, countries can take a major step forward in strengthening their competitiveness. Reproduced with permission of Palgrave Macmillan. NOTE: This extract is taken from the author's original manuscript and has not been reviewed or edited.

February 1, 2008: A New Path for Latin America? (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Even without the constitutional amendments, Chávez’s unbridled ambition and appetite for power have already produced virtual one-man rule, devoid of any institutional checks or constraints. Latin America, it appears, must find other models for effective governance and sustainable prosperity.

February 1, 2008: Proponen 'tratamiento intensivo' para salvar el Tratado de Libre Comercio
By Sergio Gómez Maseri
Published in El Tiempo - El documento, escrito por su director Peter Hakim, parte de la base que los demócratas no han cerrado la puerta a la consideración del TLC en el legislativo y menciona, como prueba de ello, el respaldo que el partido sigue brindando a Colombia demostrado en la aprobación de nuevos recursos para el Plan Colombia y en las palabras recientes de sus principales líderes.

January 31, 2008: Has defeat at the polls deterred Chávez?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Hugo Chávez is all over the place. One day, he's basking in the release of two Colombian women held hostage by the FARC for years.

January 30, 2008: Analistas consideran un error forzar aval para el TLC
By Portafolio
Published in Portafolio (Colombia) - El presidente del Diálogo Interamericano, Peter Hakim, dijo que estrategias que obliguen al Congreso de E.U. a considerar el TLC sería lesivo.

January 28, 2008: Gaining Congressional Consideration and Approval of the Colombia-U.S. FTA
By Peter Hakim
Supporters of the Colombia-U.S. FTA should encourage the Colombian government to develop a proposal for addressing the outstanding humanitarian and human rights concerns of the House Democratic Leadership.

January 26, 2008: Nuevos horizontes para Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Infolatam
Fidel Castro cumple un año y medio sin aparecer en público. La visita a Cuba del presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva se había planeado con meses de antelación.

January 19, 2008: México y Venezuela: compañías petroleras
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez
Source: El Universal
El 3 de enero y por primera vez, los precios del petróleo crudo rompieron la barrera de los 100 dólares por barril. Y si bien los precios se han enfriado desde entonces, y cayeron por debajo de los 90 dólares el 16 de enero, la demanda mundial por el combustible no muestra señales de abatimiento.

January 18, 2008: Venezuela, Mexico Need to Reform State Oil Companies
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez, Jr.
Source: Latin America Advisor
On January 3, crude oil futures broke $100 a barrel for the first time ever. While prices have cooled since then, falling below $90 a barrel on January 16, worldwide demand for oil shows no signs of abating. Although high oil prices have led to soaring government revenues for the main oil-producing countries in Latin America, continued high prices will affect each country differently. The main factor is the behavior of national oil companies.

January 16, 2008: Legitimidad a cambio de rehenes maltratados
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El País (Spain) - Si Chávez estuviera sólo ayudando a salvar rehenes sería positivo, pero su reconocimiento político a las FARC, reaviva la violencia colombiana, le abre las puertas de su país a la cocaína y lo convierte en protector de unos crueles narcoterroristas.

January 15, 2008: Uno tendría que tener un corazón de piedra
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Panama)
Tras cuatro décadas de un sangriento conflicto armado, lo único que importa es obtener resultados positivos. Sin embargo, las misiones de liberación sencillas y discretas son la clave para el éxito.

January 15, 2008: One Would Have to Have a Heart of Stone
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Prensa (Panama)
After four decades of armed conflict, the only thing that matters now is results. Still, simplicity and discretion are the keys to success.

January 3, 2008: Steps toward progress, peace
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Colombia is often in the headlines. As I write, three hostages -- two women and the 4-year-old boy born in captivity to one of them -- still await their freedom.

January 1, 2008: Latin America: The Next U.S. President's Agenda (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: Great Decisions 2008
The task of remodeling U.S. policy should be less difficult in this hemisphere than it will be in other regions of the world. As the next President contemplates how to revive U.S. prestige and diminished influence worldwide, Latin America may be the right place to begin. The cost should be lower, and the payoff quicker.

December 26, 2007: Time for a Deep Breath
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación (Argentina)
Relations between Argentina and the United States are too important to allow the so-called “suitcase scandal” to deteriorate any further into a serious crisis, especially with so many questions unanswered.

December 17, 2007: Six Latin American Countries' Test Scores Near Bottom—Again
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
Once again Latin America has scored near the bottom in a major international test of student achievement. How should we interpret its poor showing?

December 12, 2007: Colombia's Gains Deserve External Support, Approval of FTA
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
A negative FTA vote would hit Colombia badly, but also hurt the US in its relations with a strong and promising trading partner that could soon become the third-largest economy in the region.

December 10, 2007: Opposition's window of opportunity
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
“A photo finish,” Chávez said after Venezuelans rejected his constitutional reforms. He’s right, of course, only the No –which few really thought would win– is resounding a lot louder than 51-49.

December 7, 2007: The Beginning of the End
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New Republic
Yes, he's still in control, but Chavez's defeat last Sunday will galvanize Venezuela's opposition movement and change his reign forever.

December 1, 2007: Latin America: Trading Places (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Monocle (UK)
Latin America is breaking away from US tutelage, under which it had sat for much of the 20th century.this trend has been discernible over the past few decades, but has accelerated in recent years.

December 1, 2007: La nueva dependencia de América Latina: El papel de sus líderes políticos frente a una nueva oportunidad (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
En el 2007, un importante consenso parece estar creándose en América Latina. La mayoría coincide ahora en que el alto crecimiento económico, la reducción de la pobreza e incluso una cierta mejora en la reducción de la desigualdad son cambios bienvenidos y positivos, pero que no necesariamente mitigan la profunda frustración que sufren muchos en la región.

December 1, 2007: The New Dependence of Latin America: Regional Political Leaders Facing a New Opportunity
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
In 2007, an important consensus seemed to be taking shape in Latin America. Most now agree that high economic growth, poverty reduction, and even some improvement in social inequality are welcome and positive, but do not necessarily mitigate the keen frustration felt by many throughout the region.

November 27, 2007: In Search of Hugo Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Chronogram
Caricatures have defined the poles of a debate that has obscured the reality of the Chávez phenomenon—and thwarted the development of a sound response to him. Chávez’s appeal cannot be explained without acknowledging the deep dissatisfaction with the existing political and economic order felt by much of the population in Venezuela and throughout much of the rest of Latin America, the world’s most unequal region.

November 7, 2007: Slouching Toward Authoritarianism
By Michael Shifter
Source: ForeignAffairs.org
An update to Michael Shifter's May/June 2006 essay "In Search of Hugo Chávez". So far, Hugo Chávez has deftly deflected criticism and overcome opposition. With his newest initiatives, however, he may be overreaching--threatening to stall his project both domestically and internationally.

November 1, 2007: Elecciones en EEUU: Cualquier cosa puede suceder (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Falta más de un año para las elecciones norteamericanas, pero la contienda previa entre los candidatos demócratas y republicanos se está viviendo con una intensidad excepcional.

November 1, 2007: US Elections: Anything Can Happen
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
There is still over a year to go before the US elections, but the preliminary contest is exceptionally intense.

October 28, 2007: Marifeli Pérez-Stable: "La democracia en América Latina se hace daño a si misma"
By Erika Luters
Published in El Mercurio Ni las dictaduras ni las guerrillas son los actuales peligros para el desarrollo de la democracia en América Latina. La amenaza está en la instalación de gobiernos populistas, favorecidos por el desencanto de la población en el sistema democrático.

October 27, 2007: Un acuerdo aún es posible
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
A menos que las preocupaciones de los demócratas se solucionen, el TLC no será ratificado. La administración Bush está trabajando horas extras para persuadir al Congreso estadounidense de que ratifique el tratado de libre comercio que firmó con Colombia el año pasado.

October 27, 2007: How to repair a damaged relationship (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in Newsletter of Graduate School of International Studies, University of Denver - Few would dispute that the US relationship with Latin America has deteriorated over the past decade, or that the past half dozen years have been the worst. Even Bush administration officials, and certainly many Republicans in Congress, concede as much. There is manifestly less trust than there had been in inter-American affairs.

October 27, 2007: Ratifying the Colombia-US FTA
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
The Bush Administration is working overtime to persuade the US Congress to ratify the free trade agreement it signed with Colombia last year. Both President Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice recently gave major speeches emphasizing how important the Colombian FTA is to the US agenda in Latin America. Other cabinet members have taken congressional delegations to Colombia to help muster the requisite Democratic backing.

October 25, 2007: Between a rock and a hard place
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Time may be or may not be running out, but the Cuban regime chugs along as if it isn't. In early September, the Communist Party called on Cubans to discuss Raúl Castro's speech last July 26.

October 20, 2007: Una relación renovada (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
Despues de la última visita de George Bush a América Latina, en marzo pasado, se percibía una sensación de fatiga en la region.

October 11, 2007: Dispirited democracies open door to populism
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
These days democracy is its own worst enemy in Latin America. Where equality before the law is just a phrase, institutions are fiefdoms and economic growth doesn't sustain improving living standards, democracy sows a popular desencanto, a malaise and populism steps in.

October 9, 2007: Chavez's Threat Against Private Schools Raises Broader Questions
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
On September 17, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez threatened to close or nationalize private schools that refuse to comply with the recently announced "Bolivarian Education System." His action raises a broader question: what can governments legitimately require of their private schools?

October 7, 2007: Can Hugo Chavez Help Americans?
By Michael Shifter
Published in Los Angeles Times - The Venezuelan president could broker a deal that would free American hostages in Colombia.

October 3, 2007: Ahmadinejad finds it warmer in Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Published in The Los Angeles Times - If Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was displeased by the hostile reception he got during his trip to a United Nations summit in New York last week, the next stage of his journey surely lifted his spirits.

October 1, 2007: How Competitive are Latin America’s Schools? (PDF)
By Tamara Ortega Goodspeed and Jeffrey Puryear
Source: FOCALPoint
Good education prepares people to work and lays the foundation for stronger institutions, greater transparency and good governance - all of which allow economies to function smoothly. Unfortunately, Latin American schools are not very competitive - with major failings in quantity, quality and equity.

September 29, 2007: Nuevas guerras y viejas izquierdas
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El País - La violencia es ahora fragmentada, multidireccional, sin reglas, sin propósito claro y sostenida por una economía informal-criminal. Algo así como en una lucha de todos contra todos. El resultado no es la victoria de un bando, sino la fragmentación de la sociedad y la privatización de la violencia, con la consiguiente pérdida del monopolio de ésta por parte del Estado.

September 27, 2007: Chavez's 21st century socialism is hopeless
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Hugo Chávez doesn't want one, Evo Morales may disband his and Rafael Correa threatens to resign if he doesn't control it.

September 13, 2007: De Caracas a Bogotá
By Michael Shifter
Published in Cambio.com Al presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez se le puede disculpar si piensa que William Brownfield lo está siguiendo. Y es que Brownfield está comenzando su periodo como embajador de Estados Unidos en Bogotá, precisamente cuando parece que Chávez se está involucrando en los temas más sensibles, relacionados con la paz y la seguridad en Colombia.

September 13, 2007: From Caracas to Bogota
By Michael Shifter
Published in Cambio Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez can be forgiven if he thinks that William Brownfield is following him. Brownfield is starting his tenure as US ambassador in Bogota precisely when it seems Chavez is getting more involved in the most sensitive questions related to peace and security in Colombia.

September 10, 2007: Una Latinoamérica ruidosa bajo la lupa de Michael Shifter
By Esteban Rahal C.
Published in El Colombiano - En entrevista con EL COLOMBIANO, el vicepresidente de Política de la organización Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter, hace una mirada crítica y profunda de algunas coyunturas importantes de la región.

September 7, 2007: Ecuador Under Rafael Correa: A Work in Progress
By Abraham F. Lowenthal
English translation of article originally published in América Economía - For a decade, Ecuador has been South America’s most unstable polity. Eight different presidents have served, three ousted by means of dubious constitutionality before they could finish their terms.

August 30, 2007: Better opportunities await Cuba
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
An era is ending. With Fidel Castro's inevitable passing, neither Latin America nor Cuba will ever be the same. The Comandante has always valued ideas -- i.e., his own -- over the prosaic -- i.e., ordinary people. Since Cuba alone never satisfied his supersized ego, he looked elsewhere, Latin America in particular.

August 26, 2007: Pragmatismo supera a ideología (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in El Tiempo (Colombia) La ideología no ha muerto, pero el pragmatismo aumenta en América Latina. Un ejemplo claro de esta tendencia es el anunciado encuentro de los presidentes Álvaro Uribe y Hugo Chávez a finales de este mes para discutir el posible papel de Chávez en un intercambio humanitario con las Farc.

August 26, 2007: Pragmatism trumps ideology (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in El Tiempo Ideology is far from dead, but pragmatism is on the rise throughout Latin America. (English version)

August 17, 2007: Marching to different drummers
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Presidents Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Hugo Chávez just concluded parallel tours of Latin America. Lula visited Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica and Panama while Chávez traveled to Argentina, Uruguay, Ecuador and Bolivia.

August 17, 2007: To US' Chagrin, Chavez Gives Iran Entry Into Latin America
By Dan Erikson
Source: Published in the Dialogue's daily Latin America Advisor.
WASHINGTON—"When I come to Iran, Washington gets upset," Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez noted during his official visit to Tehran earlier this summer.

August 14, 2007: Region Still Lags Developed World in Ability to Buy a Big Mac
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
Somewhat more than two years ago, I wrote in this column about the Big Mac index of costs and wages, based on the well-known work published in The Economist ... I believe it is time to revisit the subject.

August 1, 2007: Where Does Banco del Sur Fit In?
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable and Christian Gómez, Jr.
Source: Latin America Advisor
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez envisions Banco del Sur as a key component of his larger Latin American integration project. In theory, Banco del Sur—a South American development bank for South America—would eliminate the region's reliance on international financial institutions (IFIs), such as the World Bank, IMF, and IDB.

July 30, 2007: Social turbulence in Peru
By Michael Shifter
Published in The Miami Herald Latin America's new political geography -- the widening schism between the beneficiaries of globalization and those being left behind -- is threatening to derail the region's recent achievements.

July 20, 2007: Free Trade Prospects with the United States
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
It is now clear that the US-Colombia free trade deal (FTA) will not be ratified by the US Congress anytime soon. Colombians have good reason to be angry and frustrated with Washington.

July 20, 2007: Por qué aún no habrá TLC con E.U. (PDF)
By Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
English translation available here - Ya está claro que el TLC de Estados Unidos con Colombia no será ratificado muy pronto por el Congreso estadounidense. Los colombianos tienen buenas razones para estar furiosos y frustrados con Washington.

July 19, 2007: Peruvian Teachers' Strike Highlights Struggle for Reform
By Jeffrey Puryear
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor
Peru's teachers union (SUTEP) launched a national strike in early July when Congress passed a bill that would require public school teachers to take regular competency exams.

June 27, 2007: Study Shows Doing Business in Latin America is Not Easy
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue's Latin America Advisor.
A common frustration of domestic and foreign investors in Latin America is the complexity involved in doing business in the region, and thus difficulties in engaging in new investments.

June 10, 2007: Student protesters braver than OAS
By Michael Shifter
Published in The Miami Herald Apparently spontaneously, tens of thousands have been marching in the streets for the last two weeks, making their grievances known to the Chávez-dominated judiciary and National Assembly and sending a clear message that Chávez has gone too far in his autocratic project.

June 10, 2007: La libertad de prensa, amenazada
By Michael Shifter
Published in El Tiempo Hace mucho tiempo que la libertad de prensa en América Latina no era objeto de un asalto tan grande como el que sufre hoy.

June 7, 2007: Democracy brings stability, economic progress
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
The arrogance of power: that's how William Fulbright depicted Lyndon Johnson's conduct of the Vietnam War in the 1960s. Two decades later, Mikhail Gorbachev attributed the same to the Soviet Union's Communist Party.

June 1, 2007: Chávez quiere comprarse una revolución
By Joaquín Villalobos
Published in El Pais (Spain)

May 10, 2007: Democracy consists of more than just elections
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
After last year's marathon, Latin America's electoral calendar in 2007 is a breeze. Only Argentina and Guatemala are holding presidential elections, though both could hold surprises.

May 4, 2007: US/Venezuela: Policy Options (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in Oxford Analytica>/i> To date, the US approach to Chavez has alternated between confrontational and passive, and has thus been incoherent and confusing.

May 1, 2007: Obama: The First Black President of the United States?
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele
Chicago is an essential point of reference to understand Barack Obama's remarkable ascendancy to the national political stage and why he is today such a serious contender to be the next president of the United States.

April 22, 2007: Handle Labor Issues
By Daniel P. Erikson; Megan Fletcher
Source: South Florida Sun-Sentinel
The U.S. agenda in Latin America will face a crucial test on trade.

April 21, 2007: Es mejor sacarlo todo a la luz (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Published in Cambio (Colombia) Desde hace tiempo ha habido especulaciones o sospechas sobre los lazos entre sectores de la clase política colombiana y grupos armados como las fuerzas paramilitares, los cuales están respaldados para impulsar el lucrativo tráfico de drogas.

April 15, 2007: Acumular poder o lograr el equilibrio, los dos caminos (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
La Nación - Si gana, Correa tendrá que enfrentar una opción difícil: o bien tendrá que seguir aplastando a los actores políticos tradicionales de Ecuador, o usar su nueva posición de fuerza para construir consenso y gobernar un paisaje político inusualmente rebelde.

April 14, 2007: Will Correa seek compromise, build good governance?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Miami Herald
If he wins the referendum to rewrite the country's constitution, Correa will face a difficult choice: He can either continue to steamroll traditional Ecuadorean political actors, or use his new position of strength to build a consensus to govern an unusually fractious political landscape.

March 31, 2007: "EE.UU. puede contrarrestar a Chávez" (Entrevista con Michael Shifter) (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Peru)
Shifter considera que a Estados Unidos le ha costado acostumbrarse al hecho de que América Latina ya no es solo su patio trasero. 'La región tiene ahora más opciones en el mundo', asegura.

March 27, 2007: 'Alan García sigue las encuestas' (Entrevista con Michael Shifter) (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perú21
Responde Michael Shifter sobre las perspectivas políticas del Perú para los próximos años.

March 15, 2007: Trip benefits yet to come
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
President Bush came home yesterday. Was his six-day trip to Latin America worth it? The short answer is a modest Yes.

March 10, 2007: Repairing Latin Relations (PDF)
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: National Journal
With the influence of anti-American firebrand Hugo Chavez spreading like Venezuela's petrodollars throughout Latin America, President Bush began an extended trip to the region on March 8, armed with a host of economic initiatives and aid packages. His travels are taking him and first lady Laura Bush to Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico.

March 6, 2007: Bush's opportunity to mend relations
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
President Bush's week-long visit to Latin America comes at a delicate moment for U.S. relations with the region. Anti-U.S. feeling is deep and pervasive -- and insistently fanned by Washington's chief adversary, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.

March 1, 2007: U.S. Policy Towards Latin America
By Peter Hakim
A little more than a year ago, I published an article that started with the sentence: “US relations with Latin America have reached their lowest point since the end of the Cold War.” The change in the State Department’s leadership on Latin America has since then clearly improved the tone of the relationship and eased its surface tension. And there is other good news to report.

February 28, 2007: "No hay un eje del mal en América latina", dice Michael Shifter
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: La Nación (Argentina)
La guerra en Irak consume casi todas las energías de la política exterior de Estados Unidos. Es una realidad de la administración Bush, pero Michael Shifter piensa que seguirá por varios años más. "Es ingenuo pensar que América latina va a ser una prioridad para el próximo presidente", previene el profesor de la Escuela de Servicio Exterior de la Georgetown University.

February 25, 2007: "Estados Unidos debería ser más generoso en sus acuerdos con los países pequeños"
By Peter Hakim
Source: Diario Libre (República Dominicana)
No agrada a algunos, es admirado por muchos y escuchado por todos. A Peter Hakim le llueven las críticas o los halagos cuando habla.

February 18, 2007: Bush y su nueva mirada a Latinoamérica
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Tercera (Chile)
La intención puede ser sincera, y los esfuerzos por parte de los altos diplomáticos admirable, pero el entorno geopolítico no es favorable para una relación revigorizada con América Latina.

February 1, 2007: Latin America's Drug Problem (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
With violence mounting in Mexico and Brazil, and a real risk of deterioration spreading across much of the region, dealing with the drug crisis clearly requires a sharper focus and more imaginative approaches.

January 23, 2007: Venezuelan Measures Response to Years of Economic Decline
By Claudio Loser
Source: Published in the Dialogue’s Latin America Advisor.
At the time of his recent, second inauguration as president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez announced his intention to nationalize a number of "strategic" industries, like electricity and telecommunications, and privatize areas of oil production. Furthermore, he will drastically restrict Central Bank autonomy.

January 10, 2007: The Venezuelan nut begins to crack
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Daily News
Over the long term, it is just not possible for one man, however charismatic, to dominate a society and economy as complex as Venezuela's.

December 18, 2006: A New Politics for Latin America?
By Michael Shifter
Source: America Magazine
It is tempting to view the string of election results in Latin America over the past year as proof that the world’s most unequal region has moved to the left. Media accounts highlight the repudiation of free market-oriented policies, those widely referred to as “neoliberal” reforms and delineated in the Washington consensus of the early 1990’s.

December 6, 2006: El 'paraescándalo' y E.U.
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Dicen que a veces de las crisis se generan oportunidades. Esto se ajusta a la actualidad política en Colombia. La penetración del paramilitarismo en las instituciones, aunque conocida por mucho tiempo, recién está saliendo a la luz.

November 1, 2006: El Proceso Colombiano desde un Contexto Regional (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Perspectiva (Colombia)
En general, la creencia es que hay una tendencia hacia la izquierda y en ese sentido, Colombia, por los resultados de las elecciones de mayo, es visto como una excepción.

July 13, 2006: Don't count Chavez out
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Daily News
Six months ago, Hugo Chavez was, according to several observers, on a roll. The fiery Venezuelan president - the Bush administration's main adversary in Latin America - was buoyed by the resounding victory of his close ally, Bolivian President Evo Morales. With gas prices soaring, Chavez, the leader of the world's fourth largest oil producing nation, had lots of money to spend in order to tighten his grip on power at home and extend political influence abroad.

July 1, 2006: “A la segunda va la vencida”
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Entrevista con el presidente Alan García, por Michael Shifter

July 1, 2006: En busca de Hugo Chávez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
Justo cuando el derrumbe inminente de un puente obligara al gobierno del presidente Hugo Chávez a cerrar la única autopista que une el aeropuerto principal de Venezuela con la ciudad capital, en enero, comenzaron las recriminaciones. Los opositores de Chávez lo acusaron de desaprovechar la bonanza petrolera del país en proyectos de corte político en el extranjero mientras olvidaba la infraestructura interna.

July 1, 2006: A Dragon in the Andes?: China, Venezuela, and U.S. Energy Security (PDF)
By Daniel P. Erikson
Source: Military Review
Does China's increasing role in South America's energy sector represent a threat to U.S. interests? In recent years, this question has provoked unease among U.S. policymakers who see a dangerous convergence of three worrisome trends. The first is the rise of China as a global economic power that may seek to challenge U.S. dominance over the next quarter-century. Second, U.S. influence in Latin America appears to be in flux as a number of the region's leaders, led by Venezuela's left-leaning President Hugo Chávez, have embraced populist politics and adopted anti-American stances. Third, ensuring access to energy sources has become a central U.S. security concern because a tight global oil market has caused crude oil prices to soar to more than $70 per barrel. Against this backdrop, China's increased efforts to tap into energy reserves in the Western Hemisphere have reverberated throughout the region, with potentially profound consequences for U.S. energy security.

June 4, 2006: A Conversation With Alan Garcia
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
Alan Garcia was dubbed the Latin American Kennedy when he was elected president of Peru in 1985, promising to reform a stagnant country and improve the lot of the poor. Yet when he left in 1990, Peru's economy was in ruins, a Maoist insurgency was terrorizing the country and Garcia's popularity had plummeted. Now, the charismatic Garcia is running for president again; he goes into today's runoff a slight favorite over anti-U.S. nationalist Ollanta Humala. Garcia recently spoke in Lima about his second act in politics with the Inter-American Dialogue's Michael Shifter.

June 1, 2006: In Search of Hugo Chavez
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
Almost as soon as a collapsing bridge forced the government of President Hugo Chvez Fras to shut down the only highway linking Venezuela's main airport and capital city in January, the recriminations began. Chvez's opponents accused him of wasting the country's oil bonanza on politically driven projects abroad while neglecting infrastructure at home.

June 1, 2006: 'Venezuela colabora con la actual fragmentación de América Latina'
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
El vicepresidente del área de políticas del Diálogo Interamericano señala que no debemos pensar que la influencia de Hugo Chávez es ilimitada América Latina es un tema recurrente en la cabeza del vicepresidente del área de políticas de la ONG Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter ya que durante años se ha dedicado al estudio de las relaciones entre EE.UU. y nuestra región.

April 9, 2006: Some see 'outsider' as only hope
By Michael Shifter and Vinay Jawahar
Source: Miami Herald
'Outsider' is not a Spanish word, but you wouldn't know it if you were in Lima, Peru. Going into today's presidential elections, polls suggest that Ollanta Humala, a former military official and quintessential outsider, is leading his rivals, conservative former congresswoman Lourdes Flores and former President Alan García, who are vying for second place in an eventual run-off.

February 19, 2006: EUA têm novo rival real na AL, diz analista
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Folha
Se Washington virou as costas para a América Latina após o 11 de Setembro, agora está alerta e pronto para tolher a figura de Hugo Chávez, presidente da Venezuela, que desponta como o "primeiro adversário real" dos EUA no hemisfério em muitos anos, embalado pelo crescente rejeicionismo e antiamericanismo na região.

January 22, 2006: Múltiples caras de la izquierda en América Latina
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
Con la asunción al mando de Evo Morales en Bolivia, suman seis los presidentes de izquierda electos democráticamente en América Latina. Sin embargo, para Michael Shifter, vicepresidente de Diálogo Interamericano (una organización no gubernamental con sede en Washington), “esto no significa que en la región exista una tendencia monolítica”.

January 16, 2006: Populist delusions block Latin America's progress
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: Financial Times
Populism is on the rise in Latin America. Disenchantment with democracy and market reforms is growing.

January 7, 2006: "EE.UU. y América Latina se divorciaron"
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Mercurio
Para Peter Hakim el quiebre radica en el lento crecimiento económico y el liderazgo de Chávez en la región.

January 5, 2006: Democracy + Market Economy = Progress
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Bolivia's Evo Morales surprised almost everyone last month by winning a 54 percent landslide in a crowded presidential field. His rags-to-power story dwarfs Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's in Brazil.

January 1, 2006: Más que un giro a la izquierda
By Michael Shifter
Source: La Opinion (Los Angeles)
A juzgar por los recuentos en los medios, la gran noticia en Latinoamérica para el año 2005 fue el giro político hacia la izquierda. Ya sea visto como una causa de preocupación o celebración, la investidura del primer gobierno uruguayo de “izquierda” en marzo y, de una forma más drástica, la elección en diciembre del primer presidente indígena boliviano —quien favorece la legalización del cultivo de coca y ha hecho un llamado para la nacionalización del gas natural- parecen señalar un cambio radical en la política de la región. Ese giro, sin embargo, es solo un fragmento de una mayor y más complicada historia.

December 31, 2005: Ante una encrucijada
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: El País
Hace 15 años el porvenir de América Latina parecía prometedor. La democracia y el mercado auguraban una nueva era de buen gobierno y bienestar popular.

December 31, 2005: ‘EE.UU. maneja la tesis de que en el patio trasero hay pocos intereses’
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Comercio (Ecuador)
América Latina tiene en Michael Shifter a un aliado de pensamiento menos ortodoxo y más ecuánime sobre los procesos políticos y sociales en la región. Además, es el vicepresidente del Interamerican Dialogue (Diálogo Interamericano) que, desde Washington, mantiene la lupa permanente sobre los acontecimientos en el hemisferio sur.

December 1, 2005: La maldición de los segundos periodos
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Según el sugerente recorrido político hecho por el autor, hay una especie de condena política en la que Estados Unidos y los diferentes países de América Latina son iguales: “Es difícil encontrar segundos periodos en la historia reciente —sean estos consecutivos o no— que hayan logrado mejores resultados que los primeros”.

November 1, 2005: Summit of the Americas: Presidents Must Do More Than Mouth Platitudes
By Peter Hakim
Source: Miami Herald
On Friday, President Bush will join the Western Hemisphere's 33 other elected leaders in Mar del Plata, Argentina for another Summit of the Americas. There are reasons to worry that this gathering of presidents, coming at a time when U.S.-Latin American relations are deeply troubled, could turn out to be a train wreck.

August 28, 2005: But Seriously . . .
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez is a lucky man. Not only is the elected leader of the world's fifth-largest oil producer reveling in today's market bonanza, he's also profiting from the blunders of opponents, using them to advance his so-called Bolivarian Revolution, at home and throughout Latin America.

August 3, 2005: Bush must press Uribe on steps for peace
By Michael Shifter and Vinay Jawahar
Source: Financial Times
Colombia’s Alvaro Uribe, who on Thursday meets George W.?Bush, the US president, in Crawford, Texas, is no stranger to criticism. Despite his popularity, during his three years in office he has frequently been described as inflexible and imperious, often indifferent to human rights.

June 9, 2005: The two Bolivias are more polarized than ever
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Three times and he's out? In March, Bolivian President Carlos Mesa twice tendered his resignation, which Congress did not accept. On Monday, he again resigned with a distressed, ''This is as far as I can go.''

June 6, 2005: Vigorous OAS vital for democracies
By Michael Shifter
Source: Miami Herald
For the first time in a quarter century, the annual General Assembly of the Organization of American States is being held on U.S. soil. President Bush is expected to address the gathering in Fort Lauderdale today.

May 11, 2005: Bonfire of the Andes
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs
El Tiempo, Colombia's biggest daily, got it just right in its April 20 lead editorial: "Ecuador: A Collapse Foretold." The situation in Colombia's southern neighbor was approaching a breaking point, and no one was surprised when, later that day, Lucio Gutiérrez became Ecuador's third president in eight years to fail to finish his term.

April 7, 2005: Chávez should not steer US policy
By Michael Shifter
Source: Financial Times
Latin America's left is not what it used to be. Economic policies being pursued by so-called leftist governments in the region draw less from the writings of Ché Guevara than from those of Adam Smith.

March 3, 2005: Confront Chávez with unity
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Not long after last August's referendum, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced the dawn of a new day for his Bolivarian revolution.

March 1, 2005: Latin America Defies Old Labels
By Michael Shifter and Vinay Jawahar
Source: Los Angeles Times
It is tempting to view today's inauguration of Uruguayan President Tabare Vazquez as further proof of a shift to the "left" in South America. After all, Vazquez comes from the Broad Front-Progressive Encounter coalition of communists, socialists and former Tupamaro urban guerrillas.

February 15, 2005: Latin America's Curious Peacemaker
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Washington Post
Fidel Castro may rule one of the few remaining "outposts of tyranny" in the world, but the Cuban dictator did us all a favor by breaking the impasse that threatened to escalate into a serious conflict between two countries of enormous strategic significance for the United States.

January 5, 2005: ¿Don Quijote cabalga de nuevo?
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
”Don Quijote" es el más reciente de una serie de símbolos que se busca asociar con la Revolución Bolivariana de Hugo Chávez. En abril, coincidiendo con el cuatrocientos aniversario de la publicación del clásico de Cervantes, Chávez distribuyó alrededor de un millón de copias del libro el Quijote a sus seguidores en lo que fue conocido como la "Operación Dulcinea". El Presidente venezolano buscó asociarse a la imagen de luchador por la justicia social, desfacedor de entuertos y soñador del Quijote.

January 3, 2005: President Makes Mockery of Rule of Law
By Michael Shifter
Source: Miami Herald
As shown by its reaction to the disputed elections in Ukraine, Washington can do a lot to defend democracy. But Washington isn't paying much attention to the ominous slide of democracy closer to home. Ecuador, where a recent rupture in democratic practices has sadly gone unnoticed, is a case in point.

December 28, 2004: Looking Away as a Democracy Dies
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
As shown by its reaction to the disputed elections in Ukraine, Washington can do a lot to defend democracy. But Washington isn't paying much attention to the ominous slide of democracy closer to home. Ecuador, where a recent rupture in democratic practices has sadly gone unnoticed, is a case in point.

September 2, 2004: Good-faith national dialogue could ease the impasse
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Democracy produces winners and losers. By most accounts, Hugo Chávez easily deflected the opposition's bid to recall him on Aug. 15.

July 22, 2004: Mesa, a political neophyte, leads the country on right path
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
"Productive'' Bolivia -- the crescent-shaped, gas-rich stretch from the eastern lowlands to the southern provinces -- rails against ''unproductive,'' western Bolivia. Secessionist rumbles may get louder still if the 2005 constituent assembly does not include the radical decentralization and autonomy that the ''crescent'' is demanding.

June 10, 2004: Only dialogue can restore shattered trust
By Marifeli Pérez-Stable
Source: The Miami Herald
Citizenship is democracy's fulcrum. Contemporary Latin America has largely met the minimum standards for citizen rights: universal suffrage, civil liberties and free elections.

February 7, 2004: “Se acerca un momento decisivo para superar la crisis venezolana”
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Nacional (Venezuela)
Michael Shifter, uno de los especialistas en asuntos latinoamericanos más influyentes de Washington, señaló que el referéndum revocatorio servirá para conocer la decisión de la mayoría de los venezolanos sobre el Gobierno del presidente Chávez

February 1, 2004: The US and Latin America Through the Lens of Empire
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
For many Latin Americans, President George W. Bush’s November 6, 2003, speech before the National Endowment for Democracy touched on an all-too-familiar theme. Bush boldly called for a democratic revolution, led by the United States, in Iraq and the Middle East.

January 11, 2004: Summit goal: Get FTAA back on track
By Peter Hakim
On Monday, President Bush will travel to Monterrey, Mexico, for a summit meeting with the Western Hemisphere's 33 other elected heads of state.

December 21, 2003: Bush e Irak: una guerra de elección
By Michael Shifter
Source: Semana (Colombia
Contra el parecer del mundo, el presidente George W. Bush invadió Irak, convencido de que era una manera de proyectar su poder y democratizar al Medio Oriente al estilo norteamericano.

November 16, 2003: To Address Inequality, Look Racism in the Face
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
As much as any country in Latin America, Bolivia faithfully took the medicine of modernity advocated by Washington.

October 3, 2003: Uribe: The Price of an Outburst
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
As if any further evidence were actually needed, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe has shown that the politics of human rights and democracy have become increasingly globalized.

October 3, 2003: Uribe: El precio de un Exabrupto
By Michael Shifter
Source: Ideele (Peru)
Por si se necesitara alguna evidencia adicional, el presidente colombiano Álvaro Uribe ha mostrado como los temas de democracia y derechos humanos están crecientemente globalizados.

September 29, 2003: ¿Solo contra el mundo?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
A lo largo de las semanas pasadas, tanto la imagen como la estatura de Uribe en Washington, han sufrido, sin duda alguna en cierta medida, pero el daño no debería exagerarse. Sus comentarios respecto a algunos grupos de derechos humanos fueron mal aconsejados y le dieron munición a sus críticos que desde hacia rato habían advertido sobre sus tendencias autoritarias.

September 9, 2003: The truth isn't enough for Peru
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
Salomon Lerner could barely contain his emotions. His voice cracking at various points, the president of Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission delivered the panel's final report on Aug. 28.

August 6, 2003: Colombia's New Hope
By Michael Shifter
Source: The New York Times
Effective political leadership is in short supply these days, so when it emerges, it tends to exert a gravitational pull. That is what is happening with Alvaro Uribe, Colombia's enormously popular president, who this week completes his first year in office.

July 17, 2003: A Policy for the Neighbors
By Michael Shifter
Source: New York Times
Relations between Latin America and the United States are increasingly marked by irritation and distrust. Yet this tension has passed almost unnoticed by the United States press and unaddressed by the United States government. Such indifference has grave consequences not only for diplomacy but also for human rights.

July 16, 2003: Why Venezuela Matters
By Michael Shifter
Source: The National Interest
One of the major puzzles in U.S. foreign policy has been the relative indifference with which the United States has dealt with the unprecedented political crisis in Venezuela. The policy question has been relegated to a second tier, due in part, no doubt, to the distraction of senior U.S. officials after 9/11. What is the nature of the crisis, and what are the stakes for the United States?

July 1, 2003: The Future of Democracy in Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Freedom House Freedom of the World Report
In Latin America, perhaps more so than in other regions, there remains an acute, gnawing sense of a missed opportunity. After all, the fall of the Berlin Wall coincided not only with the culmination of a vigorous process toward democratic, constitutional government, but also with a growing support for deepening economic ties throughout the Americas.

June 24, 2003: Lula visits Washington
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva met President George Bush at the White House on June 20, for the second time since his election last October and the first time since taking office in January.

June 18, 2003: 'La ayuda depende de los resultados', señala presidente del Diálogo Interamericano
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Tiempo
La guerra contra las drogas cayó en el escalafón de prioridades de E.U., dice Peter Hakim.

June 16, 2003: “Colombia no puede ser torpe”
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: El Espectador
Ahora que hay tantas dudas sobre las razones que motivaron el ataque contra Iraq, las preguntas que surgen en el país es si fue conveniente para Colombia la decisión de apoyar a Estados Unidos.

June 8, 2003: Ayudar a Colombia: razones y sinrazones
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
Unos pocos titulares recientes sobre América Latina han despertado tanta curiosidad e interés como el que apareció en la edición del 9 de marzo de The Washington Post: "Estados Unidos busca evitar un papel más profundo en Colombia. El envolvimiento tiende a disminuir después de que termine la búsqueda de los americanos".

June 8, 2003: Helping Colombia: Reasons and Irrationalities
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
Few recent headlines on Latin America have aroused as much curiosity and interest as the one that appeared in the March 9 edition of The Washington Post: “US Seeks to Avoid Deeper Role in Colombia. Involvement Likely to Decline after Hunt Ends for Americans.”

May 11, 2003: Bush's Game of Revenge
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
The first President Bush envisioned the United States and Latin America as a hemisphere-wide economic community. The second President Bush seems to have abandoned his father's vision and substituted a winners-losers game based on the question: Did you support me in my quest to oust Saddam Hussein?

May 5, 2003: LATIN AMERICA/US: Defining policy
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
On May 1, the US Senate held a confirmation hearing for Roger Noriega, the proposed new Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs.

April 1, 2003: Venezuela fuera del radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
En Washington, el presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez no recibe la misma atención que Saddam Hussein o Kim Jong Il. Se le ha acusado de muchas cosas, pero nunca de poseer armas de destrucción masiva. Cabe resaltar, además, que Chávez tiene la legalidad de su lado: la mayoría de los venezolanos lo eligió por vías democráticas, dos veces.

April 1, 2003: Venezuela off the Radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
In Washington, Hugo Chavez does not command the attention of Saddam Hussein or Kim Jung II. The Venezuelan president has been accused of many things, but never of possessing weapons of mass destruction.

April 1, 2003: Venezuela off the Radar
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica
In Washington, Hugo Chavez does not command the attention of Saddam Hussein or Kim Jung II. The Venezuelan president has been accused of many things, but never of possessing weapons of mass destruction. Significantly, Chavez has legality on his side: he was democratically elected, twice, by a majority of Venezuelans. According to the country’s constitution, he can – provided he is reelected in 2006 – remain in office for a total of 13 years.

March 31, 2003: Alca em 2005 é quase impossível, diz analista dos EUA
By Peter Hakim
Source: Agencia Estado
Será "quase impossível" que a Área de Livre Comércio das Américas (Alca) seja criada na data programada, janeiro de 2005, na opinião de Peter Hakim, presidente do Inter-American Dialogue, um dos principais centros de análise de políticas norte-americanas e de assuntos do Hemisfério Ocidental, com sede em Washington.

March 28, 2003: LATIN AMERICA/US: War strains ties and harms growth
By Peter Hakim
Source: Oxford Analytica
Negative consequences arising from the war in Iraq.

March 1, 2003: The US and Iraq: Your french fries aren't what they used to be
By Michael Shifter
Source: Published in ideele (Peru)
At first, I was sure it was a joke (and not a very good joke, either). A friend told me that “French Fries” no longer existed and was now replaced by a new name, “Freedom Fries.” This was in protest of the French government’s aggressive stance against the United States on the Iraq question.

March 1, 2003: EEUU después de Irak: Sus Papas fritas no son las de antes
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
Al comienzo estuve seguro que era una broma (y, por cierto, no una muy buena). Un amigo me había dicho que las “French Fries” (papas fritas) ya no iban a existir y que iban a ser cambiadas por las “Freedom Fries” (papas fritas de la libertad). Esto en protesta por la agresiva posición del gobierno francés contra los Estados Unidos en el asunto Iraquí.

February 1, 2003: Latin America's New Political Leaders: Walking in a Wire
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Today’s underlying political currents in Latin America are less about ideology and more about a public desire to find leaders who can effectively address everyday problems, and who do so honestly. The formulas of the past—whether ‘socialism’ in the 1970s or ‘neoliberalism’ in the 1990s—have been widely questioned, and largely dismissed. With traditional ideas and structures breaking apart, new leaders are being called on to produce results.

November 24, 2002: The New Crop of Leaders Is No Cause for U.S. Worry
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
After nearly five years of deepening economic despair and growing political disorder, Latin Americans may be tempted to abandon market economics, democratic politics and their decade-long effort to hook their economic future to the United States.

November 19, 2002: Rescuing Venezuela from the Brink
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
Venezuela's political crisis, already the most volatile in the hemisphere, grows deeper by the day as protests mount and opposing forces battle for control of the capital's police force. The polarization between the government of Hugo Chavez and opposition elements has brought the country to the edge of paralysis, chaos and, conceivably, civil war.

April 24, 2002: Fora do mapa
By Interview with Peter Hakim
Source: Veja
Especialista em América Latina diz que só o comércio e o eleitorado hispânico podem tornar a região mais visível para os Estados Unidos.

April 21, 2002: Democracy and U.S. Credibility
By Peter Hakim
Source: New York Times
For nearly 20 years, successive American governments have worked hard to persuade Latin Americans that Washington cares about democracy in the region and is prepared to use its power to support and defend democratic governments.

April 21, 2002: Democracy in Venezuela, Unsettling as Ever
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
For Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Sept. 11, 2001, turned out to be a decisive day in ways few could have imagined. Just moments after the terrorist attackson the United States, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, speaking at a special session of the Organization of American States in Lima, Peru, eloquently defended a new democratic charter -- which called for hemispheric responses to interruptions of constitutional rule.

February 1, 2002: Colombia: Proceso de paz entre la agonía y la esperanza
By Michael Shifter
Source: ideele (Peru)
La reciente alza de Álvaro Uribe en las encuestas a solo cuatro meses de las cruciales elecciones presidenciales colombianas es, antes que cualquier otra cosa, una muestra muy elocuente de la extendida frustración ciudadana con los esfuerzos del presidente Pastrana por poner fin al conflicto interno que asola el país por cuatro décadas.

February 1, 2002: Peace process: between agony and hope
By Michael Shifter
Source: Published in ideele (Peru)
Alvaro Uribe’s recent surge in the polls, less than four months before Colombia’s critical presidential elections, is, more than anything else, an eloquent measure of the widespread public frustration with President Andres Pastrana’s efforts to end that country’s four-decade long conflict.

January 28, 2002: Tentaciones y lecciones del proceso de paz
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
El vicepresidente del Diálogo Interamericano considera que para salir de la crisis, el proceso de paz necesita un catalizador para que las partes avancen y que Estados Unidos debería jugar ese papel respaldando los esfuerzos de la ONU y de los países amigos.

January 5, 2002: Una Agenda Agitada
By Michael Shifter
Source: Peru Económico
Quienes veían con optimismo, a comienzos de la década del noventa, las perspectivas del hemisferio, modificaron sus proyecciones para mediados de la misma: los signos de mayores complicaciones políticas y económicas, además de las mayores tensiones en las relaciones interamericanas obligaron a replantear el análisis.

November 20, 2001: Farc no son una amenaza para los EU
By Interview with Michael Shifter
Source: El Espectador (Colombia)
Invitado por la Fundación Buen Gobierno, estuvo de visita en Colombia el vicepresidente de la organización Diálogo Interamericano, Michael Shifter. Por más de 25 años estudioso y seguidor de la problemática colombiana, dialogó con El Espectador sobre las perspectivas de la relación Colombia-EU y la lucha mundial contra el terrorismo.

November 11, 2001: Colombia Policy Should Not Be Terror's Next Victim
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
On the morning of Sept. 11, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell was in Lima, Peru, when he got word of the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington. He was set to fly to Colombia that afternoon, a South American country that has experienced more than its share of terrorism. Instead, he returned to Washington.

September 19, 2001: The Deepening Tragedy Demands Better U.S. Engagement
By Michael Shifter and Victoria Wigodzky
Source: Crimes of War Magazine
On May 16, the Bush administration announced the Andean Regional Initiative, requesting some $882 million for the 2002 budget to assist Colombia and six neighboring countries - Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. The State Department's public statement spelled out the rationale behind the new effort: "In contrast to last year's Plan Colombia supplemental, less than half of the assistance will be for Colombia and only half will be for law enforcement and security assistance. We have already briefed this initiative in general terms both to other donors and the recipient nations, and it has been well received."

September 19, 2001: La Profundización de la Tragedia Requiere un Compromiso Más Acertado de los EE.UU.
By Michael Shifter y Victoria Wigodzky
Source: Crimes of War Magazine
El 16 de Mayo, la administración de Bush anuncia La Iniciativa Regional Andina, requiriendo alrededor de $882 millones de presupuesto para dar asistencia a Colombia y seis países vecinos – Ecuador, Venezuela, Panamá, Perú, Bolivia y Brasil.

June 28, 2001: Two cheers for the prosecution of Latin American strongmen
By Pater Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Argentina’s former President Carlos Menem has time and again showed an extraordinary talent to shock and surprise.

May 21, 2001: Populism and Latin America
By Pater Hakim
Source: The Washington Post
Jackson Diehl has it wrong [op-ed, May 14]: Populist leaders are not challenging for power or threatening to uproot the market economic policies in Latin America.

April 15, 2001: A Blast From the Past Riles Presidential Politics
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
On July 28, 1985, Alan Garcia became Peru's youngest-ever president at 35 and promised an era of social progress and democratic renewal. Instead, he left the country in near-ruin, with both inflation and political violence reaching unprecedented levels. Yet, despite this shameful record, it is conceivable that Garcia, now 51, may get another chance to lead Peru on July 28, 2001.

April 2, 2001: Can an Anti-Narcotics Effort be Multilateralized? (PDF)
By Viron P. Vaky and Jorge I. Domínguez
Source: Inter-American Dialogue Policy Brief

April 1, 2001: A Friend the U.S. Can't Afford to Lose
By Peter Hakim
Source: Los Angeles Times
After his meeting with Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President George W. Bush should realize that the United States cannot achieve its most important Western Hemisphere objectives without Brazilian cooperation.

April 1, 2001: Un primer paso - El reto de George W. Bush: ampliarlo
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Affairs en Español
Tal vez lo mejor que pueda decirse sobre el Plan Colombia es que existe. Al fin y al cabo, Colombia necesita un plan, un marco de gran alcance que intente atacar los múltiples problemas del país, que cada vez se hacen más profundos.

March 28, 2001: Five ways Bush can brighten Latin America's mood
By Pater Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
The mood of Latin American leaders was downbeat in Chile last week at the Inter-American Development Bank's annual meeting.

March 7, 2001: Adios Fujimori
By Michael Shifter
Source: El Tiempo (Colombia)
Vivimos en otro país, escribe el abogado peruano Ernesto de la Jara. Todo cambió de un momento a otro. Se está refiriendo, por supuesto, al increíble desmoronamiento del régimen del presidente Alberto Fujimori, ocurrido en noviembre pasado luego de una década de vida.

March 1, 2001: Adiós, Fujimori (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Policy
“We live in another country,” writes Peruvian lawyer Ernesto de la Jara. “Everything changed from one moment to the next.” He’s talking, of course, about last November’s astonishing meltdown of President Alberto Fujimori’s decade-long regime.

March 1, 2001: The Uneasy Americas
By Peter Hakim
Source: Foreing Affairs
This April, President George W. Bush will travel to Quebec City for a summit meeting of the western hemisphere's heads of state.

February 1, 2001: Message from Latin America: Start—but Don’t Stop—with Mexico
By Peter Hakim
Source: Christian Science Monitor
Most Latin Americans were pleased that President Bush made his first foreign trip to Mexico—seeing it as the necessary forerunner of enhanced US attention to the entire region.

February 1, 2001: Drugs, Democracy and Latin America
By Michael Shifter
Source: Foreign Service Journal
Despite the rhetoric, promoting democracy is not always a top U.S. priority in Latin America.

February 1, 2001: United States–Latin American Relations: Preparing for the Handover
By Michael Shifter
Source: Current History
Whether the United States can resist the unilateral temptation and respond more constructively to the concerns of Mexico and other Latin American countries—and to the practical challenges of working with its neighbors—may be the defining question for inter-American relations in the early part of the new century.

January 21, 2001: A Risky Policy Unfolds - and No One Is Paying Attention
By Michael Shifter
Source: Los Angeles Times
Nothing evokes Vietnam more these days than U.S. policy toward Colombia. Many worry that the $1.3-billion anti-drug, mostly military aid package approved last summer by Congress--and the placement of several hundred U.S. trainers in the Andean country--could be the first steps on a slippery slope to a Vietnam-style quagmire.

January 11, 2001: Cómo nos va a ir con Bush
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
¿Más intervencionismo? ¿Más ayuda? ¿Más militarismo? Desde Washington, Michael Shifter, especialista en Colombia del Diálogo Interamericano, responde a estos interrogantes en artículo para CAMBIO.

January 11, 2001: How are we going to do with Bush?
By Michael Shifter
Source: Cambio (Colombia)
In Washington, just weeks before the inauguration of George W. Bush as the 43rd president of the United States, the favorite sport is to guess and speculate how the new administration is likely to handle a wide variety of issues once it is in place. This exercise, though fraught with risks, is nearly irresistible.

December 10, 2000: This Plan Isn’t Working
By Michael Shifter
Source: Washington Post
"Plan Colombia" has become a policy many people and governments love to hate. The $7.5 billion aid program was conceived jointly by U.S. and Colombian officials in September 1999 to deal with Colombia's deterioration into a lawless state fueled by the drug trade. Recently the plan has generated a strong backlash among some of the very governments and private groups whose support is critical if the Colombian government is to regain control of the country.

September 4, 2000: U.S. needs a long-range strategy for Colombia
By Michael Shifter
Source: The Miami Herald
When President Bill Clinton traveled to Colombia last week, he should have taken a cue from his boyhood idol, John F. Kennedy. In 1961, President Kennedy toured South America to launch the Alliance for Progress for social reform and development.

November 2, 1992: Un Brindis por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate
Precariedad. Esa fue la primera sensación que tuve cuando llegue a Lima -seis meses después de los famosos sucesos penales y seis meses antes de la famosa estratificación de la banca.

November 2, 1992: Un Cherry por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate
Precarious. That is the first sensation I had when I arrived in Lima in January, 1987 -six months after the famous "penales" and six months before the also famous bank nationalization.

November 1, 1992: Un Brindis por Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate

November 1, 1992: A Toast to Lima (PDF)
By Michael Shifter
Source: Debate