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July 17, 2014: What Will COP20 Mean for Climate Change & Energy?
By Timmons Roberts, Lisa Viscidi, Milena Gonzalez, Ramiro Fernández and Ana R. Ríos
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP20, will be held this December in Lima, Peru. The meeting is intended to promote dialogue among member countries and produce a draft text for a climate deal on reducing greenhouse gas emissions for the meeting in Paris next year. What are the opportunities for progress and regional cooperation on climate change in the Americas? What do you expect to happen at the conference, and what does it mean for the region's energy sector moving forward?

July 11, 2014: ¿Qué debería hacerse respecto a los niños migrantes no acompañados?
By Nicolas Mariscal, Gretchen Kuhner, Carlos Arrazola, Arturo Sarukhan, Dan Stein, Robert Kaplan
Source: Latin America Advisor
Q: El gobierno de EE.UU. dice que sus agentes han detenido este año fiscal cerca de 52.000 niños no acompañados en la frontera sur, el doble del número 2013. Citando los altos costos de enfrentar el influjo, la diputada Rep. Candice Miller (R-Mich.) sugirió el mes pasado suspender la ayuda y derogar los acuerdos de libre comercio con México y los países centroamericanos para obligarlos a hacer más, mientras que otros líderes del Congreso bautizaron el problema como una crisis humanitaria. ¿Qué hay detrás del aumento de niños no acompañados que cruzan la frontera? ¿Qué deben hacer los Estados Unidos y los países de origen hacer sobre la situación? ¿Que tan seriamente afecta las relaciones entre Estados Unidos y sus vecinos?

July 9, 2014: What Should Be Done About Unaccompanied Child Migrants?
By Arturo Sarukhan, Dan Stein, Gretchen Kuhner, Robert N. Kaplan, Carlos Arrazola
Source: Latin America Advisor
The U.S. government says its agents have picked up some 52,000 unaccompanied children at the southern border this fiscal year, twice the 2013 number. Citing the high costs of dealing with the influx, Rep. Candice Miller (R-Mich.) last month suggested cutting off aid and repealing free-trade agreements with Mexico and Central American countries to spur them to do more, while other congressional leaders cast the issue as a humanitarian crisis. What is behind the spike in unaccompanied children crossing the border? What should the United States and countries of origin do about the situation? How seriously is the issue affecting relations between the United States and its neighbors?

July 3, 2014: How Should Colombia Handle Oil and Mining Royalties?
By Lisa Viscidi, Juan Mauricio Ramírez,Andrés Mejía Vergnaud
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos in mid-June announced that he will propose to Congress changes to a 2011 law that centralized oil and mining revenues. What was behind Santos' decision to propose changes, and why are some Colombians opposed the 2011 law? Will the changes likely win approval? What are the challenges and best policies for managing Colombia's oil and mining revenues?

June 20, 2014: Ecuador: ¿Es probable que se apruebe la enmienda constitucional?
By Felipe Burbano, Patricia de la Torre, César Montúfar
Source: Latin America Advisor
El presidente ecuatoriano, Rafael Correa, dijo recientemente que pedirá a los miembros de la mayoría legislativa de su partido aprobar una enmienda constitucional que permitiría la reelección indefinida para todos los políticos en el país. Correa, cuyo mandato expira en 2017, no ha dicho si él buscaría la reelección. ¿Es probable que se apruebe la enmienda constitucional? ¿Qué hay detrás de la decisión de Correa para impulsar este cambio ahora? ¿Son los límites del término constitucional una práctica buena o mala?

June 18, 2014: What Does Cantor's Loss Mean for U.S. Immigration Reform?
By Jim Kolbe, Arturo Sarukhan, George Grayson, G. Philip Hughes
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. House of Representatives majority leader Eric Cantor (R-Va.) last week suffered a high-profile primary loss to opponent Dave Brat with some attributing Cantor's loss partially to his stance on immigration reform, which Brat attacked as supporting "amnesty" for illegal immigrants. How important of a role did Cantor's stance on immigration play in his defeat? What does his loss mean for the prospects of immigration reform moving forward? Will other Republicans now be more reluctant to support a comprehensive reform measure?

June 11, 2014: Will the World Cup Be a Boom or a Bust for Brazil?
By Thomas Rideg, Ben Supple, Joel Korn
Source: Latin America Advisor
While it was originally expected that infrastructure investments and World Cup-related tourism would boost Brazil's economy, a recent Banco Santander report cast doubt on the effects that the sporting event, which begins Thursday, will have on Brazil's economy, noting that hotels and restaurants are expecting a slowdown and that additional holidays taken by Brazilians may dampen economic growth. How is the World Cup affecting Brazil's economy, and will it have an overall negative or positive effect? Will infrastructure investments made for the Cup succeed in promoting long-term growth?

June 5, 2014: ¿Está Guatemala perdiendo terreno en la lucha contra la impunidad?
By Alfred Kaltschmitt, Víctor Gálvez Borrell, Carlos Sabino, Mario Polanco
Source: Latin America Advisor
Guatemala retrocede en la lucha por justicia para las víctimas de 'crímenes contra la humanidad y genocidio' ocurridos durante la guerra civil del país, ha dicho Amnistía Internacional a finales de mayo. El grupo de derechos humanos señaló una resolución no vinculante aprobada por el Congreso de la nación que niega que haya ocurrido genocidio alguno en el país y que anuló la condena del ex presidente Efraín Ríos Montt, dada el año pasado. ¿Está Guatemala perdiendo terreno en la lucha contra la impunidad, y de ser así, ¿qué se debe hacer para revertir esta tendencia? Con el nuevo fiscal general, quien asumió el cargo el 17 de mayo, ¿qué perspectivas de mejora existen para el sistema de justicia del país y el enjuiciamiento de los casos relacionados con violaciones de derechos humanos?

May 27, 2014: Colombia: ¿Fue el segundo lugar un revés para la campaña de Santos?
By Fernando Cepeda Ulloa
Source: Latin America Advisor
El domingo, Óscar Iván Zuluaga ganó más votos que el presidente Juan Manuel Santos en la primera vuelta de las elecciones presidenciales de Colombia. Ya que ninguno de los candidatos alcanzó la mayoría requerida por ley para ser electo, los dos se enfrentarán en una segunda vuelta en junio. ¿Fue el segundo lugar un revés para la campaña de Santos?¿Qué temas resonaron más con los votantes el domingo y por qué ha caído el apoyo a Santos? ¿ Qué dicen estos resultados acerca de la percepción que tienen los colombianos de las negociaciones de paz con las FARC? ¿Una victoria de Zuluaga el próximo mes significaría el fin de las negociaciones? ¿Quién ganará el 15 de junio?

May 16, 2014: Does Rousseff Have Enough Support to Win Re-Election?
By Roberto Teixeira da Costa, Gilberto Rodrigues, Melvin Levitsky, Joel Korn
Source: Latin America Advisor
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff announced April 30 that her government would increase payments to the poor through the Bolsa Família welfare program and also would lower some income taxes. The announcement came as Rousseff tries to reverse slipping support ahead of the October presidential election in which she is seeking another term in office. How much support will the announcement win for Rousseff at the polls? What else must she do in order to strengthen her candidacy? What factors between now and October will influence the election? How are Rousseff's rival presidential candidates faring ahead of the vote?

May 15, 2014: Is Chavismo Coming to an End in Venezuela?
By Otto Reich, Michael Shifter, Daniel Hellinger, David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
A Datanalisis survey published May 5 by El Universal showed growing impatience among Venezuelans for President Nicolás Maduro's government. Sixty percent of those surveyed disapproved of Maduro's administration, while 80 percent thought the country was going in the wrong direction. What factors are driving those poll numbers, and will Maduro continue losing support among Venezuelans? Might he be forced out of office before his term is scheduled to expire in 2019? Is Chavismo coming to an end, and what would most likely replace it?

May 14, 2014: Uruguay's Mujica Touts Education Ties, Defends Marijuana Market
By Megan Cook
Source: Latin America Advisor
Uruguayan President José Mujica on Tuesday called on professors from the United States to teach in Uruguay and defended his country's creation of a legal marijuana market. Speaking at American University to an audience comprised mainly of students, Mujica also shared his vision of a world that is becoming more globalized and bilingual.

May 13, 2014: Special Technology Edition of the Latin America Advisor (PDF)
By Pedro Less-Andrade, Richard Hill, Maria Medrano and others
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin American leaders have taken prominent positions in debates that are shaping the future of the Internet. And while the region’s growing middle class has been adopting new technologies at a rapid rate, concerns over cybercrime threats in Latin America and the Caribbean are reaching new heights. The attached special technology edition of the Advisor offers viewpoints on these trends from six stakeholders and experts, as well as recent news in telecommunications, biotechnology and venture capital.

May 6, 2014: What Does Varela's Election as President Mean for Panama?
By Joaquin Jacome Diez, Joydeep Mukherji, Jaime Figueroa and Eric Jackson
Source: Latin America Advisor
Juan Carlos Varela, Panama's vice president, was elected to the country's presidency on Sunday, defeating President Ricardo Martinelli's preferred candidate, José Domingo Arias, and former Panama City Mayor Juan Carlos Navarro. What factors propelled Varela to victory? What will be Varela's biggest challenges after taking office July 1? What does his election mean for businesses in Panama?

April 17, 2014: What Will Be the Fallout From the 'Cuban Twitter' Revelations?
By Roger Noriega, Josefina Vidal Ferreiro, Peter Hakim, Matthew Aho
Source: Latin America Advisor
The U.S. Agency for International Development created and operated "ZunZuneo," a communications network similar to Twitter that had the aim of destabilizing the Cuban government, the Associated Press reported on April 3. USAID responded by saying the purpose of the program was "to create a platform for Cubans to speak freely among themselves, period," while the White House denied that it was a covert program. How much of an impact will the revelations have on U.S.-Cuban relations? What does the controversy mean for bilateral issues such as the imprisonment in Cuba of former U.S. government contractor Alan Gross? Are social media programs such as these a good use of USAID funding and the U.S. government's resources?

April 2, 2014: What Challenges Face Costa Rica's Next President?
By José Antonio Muñoz, Kevin Casas-Zamora, and Laura Porras
Source: Latin America Advisor
What are the biggest challenges facing Costa Rica's new leader, Luis Guillermo Solís? What types of policy changes can be expected from his administration? To what extent will he succeed in working with Costa Rica's business community?

March 25, 2014: Massa dijo que no quiere relaciones carnales con EE.UU.
By Paula Lugones, El Clarín
En el auditorio de la avenida Connecticut reinaba cierta expectativa. A pesar de la inusual nevada primaveral que azotó a Washington ayer, empresarios, politólogos, académicos y periodistas se fueron acomodando en un salón donde hubo gente que quedó de pie. El invitado fue Sergio Massa, quien dijo entre otras cosas que su Frente Renovador rechaza una política de “relaciones carnales” con este país.

March 21, 2014: Is Brazil's Petrobras on the Right Track?
By Theodore M. Helms, Lisa Viscidi, João Augusto de Castro Neves, and Francisco Ebeling Barros
Source: Latin America Advisor
Despite profits up 11 percent last year, Brazilian state oil company Petrobras reported last month that its fourth quarter net profit was down 19 percent year-on-year, adding that it will cut its investment plan through 2018 by 7 percent. More bad news came last week when lawmakers decided to install a special congressional committee to probe allegations of bribery involving Petrobras employees and a foreign company. How bad is Petrobras' situation today, and what bright spots are on the horizon? How big of a role is the government and politics playing in the company's present circumstances, and what policy changes would improve the outlook for Petrobras moving forward?

March 12, 2014: What Can the Middle East & Latin America Offer Each Other?
By R. Evan Ellis, Cecilia Baeza, and Cecilia Porras Eraso
Source: Latin America Advisor
What is behind increasing engagement between the Middle East and Latin America? What do the regions have to offer each other economically? What businesses stand to gain from stronger ties?

February 26, 2014: Will Venezuela's Deadly Protests Spin Out of Control?
By Michael Shifter, Peter Winn and David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Deadly protests, the largest since President Nicolás Maduro's election last year, have wracked Venezuela in recent weeks. The demonstrations were punctuated on Feb. 18 by the arrest of opposition leader Leopoldo López, who had been organizing the protests. Why did these protests erupt now, and why did they turn deadly this time? Does the situation pose a threat to Maduro's government? How will López's jailing affect the opposition?