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June 29, 2015: Is China’s Latin America Strategy Changing Course?
By Jiang Shixue, Matt Ferchen, Jeremy Martin, Erica Downs and Beatrice Rangel
Source: Latin America Advisor
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in late May made a four-nation tour of Latin America where a number of energy-sector deals were announced, including at least $7 billion in financing for Brazil’s struggling oil company, Petrobras, as well as an announcement that China’s BYD Co. will build a solar-panel factory in Brazil. How is China’s energy engagement with Latin America evolving? Is the Asian giant beginning to orient more toward Pacific Alliance countries and away from Argentina, Ecuador and Venezuela, which have been the focus of most regional Chinese lending until now?

June 23, 2015: Does Mexico’s Energy Sector Have Sufficient Talent?
By Curt W. Mortenson, Lisa Viscidi and Lisa Guáqueta
Source: Latin America Advisor
While Mexico’s energy reform is expected to attract tens of millions of dollars of investment to the country over the next three years, there will be a shortage of human capital in the energy sector as Mexican universities currently do not produce enough qualified labor to meet the new demand, panelists at an Inter-American Dialogue roundtable in Mexico City said recently. What skills will be most in demand, and how big will the skills gap be? What needs to be done to match the supply of qualified labor with the needs of companies operating in the energy sector? What role should educational institutions and businesses play in preparing workers for the boom-bust cycles of the commodities sector?

June 11, 2015: How Can Peru Have Development Without Violence?
By Lisa Viscidi, Cynthia McClintock and Edward Hoyt
Source: Latin America Advisor
Peruvian authorities on May 23 declared a state of emergency in the country’s southern Tambo valley region following deadly protests against mining projects in the area. The protests are part of a long series of violent clashes spanning numerous presidential administrations seeking to develop the country’s mineral wealth in the face of concerns about environmental degradation and about how the economic benefits of natural resource exploitation are distributed. What should the government and companies do to prevent violence surrounding natural resource projects? Will Peru’s government be able to effectively address current conflicts? What effects will the recent reshuffling of President Ollanta Humala’s cabinet have on such situations? Why isn’t Peru’s relatively new ‘prior consultation’ law preventing protests and bloodshed over development projects?

May 20, 2015: Will Corruption Topple Guatemala’s Pérez Molina?
By Salvador Paiz, Helen Mack, Donald J. Planty and Arturo Matute
Source: Latin America Advisor
Guatemalan Vice President Roxana Baldetti stepped down May 8 in the wake of a customs fraud scandal allegedly masterminded by her personal secretary, who is believed to have left the country. What does Baldetti’s resignation mean for the administration of President Otto Pérez Molina? Is Guatemala winning or losing the battle against corruption? How effective are the Central American country’s institutions in dealing with corruption? When experts talk about strengthening institutions to deal with corruption, which institutions do they mean and what changes would make them stronger?

May 14, 2015: Does Solar Power Have a Bright Future in Latin America and the Caribbean? (PDF)
By Erik Brand
The translation into Chinese of the Latin America Advisor's Q&A on the outlook for solar power in the face of changing energy market dynamics. This Edition's Commentators: Rolando González Bunster, CEO of Interenergy Holdings; Jorge Kamine, Aryan Moniri and Leah Chacon, attorneys at Skadden Arps; Camila Ramos, managing director of Clean Energy Latin America (CELA) in São Paulo; Thomas Koerner, general manager of Canadian Solar's Americas division; and Lisa Viscidi, director of the Energy, Climate Change and Extractive Industries Program at the Inter-American Dialogue.

May 5, 2015: New York Discussion on Trends Shaping Latin America's Economic and Political Outlook
By Erik Brand
A meeting of the Dialogue's corporate program members in New York City to discuss trends shaping Latin America's economic and political outlook.

April 16, 2015: Can the U.N. Win the Battle Against Impunity in Guatemala?
By Eduardo Stein, Kelsey Alford-Jones and Salvador Paiz
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden earlier this year called for the renewal of the U.N.-backed International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), an independent body created in 2006 to fight organized crime and corruption, as a condition of U.S. aid to the Central American nation. While many Guatemalan civil society groups have urged extending CICIG's mandate when it expires in September, President Otto Pérez Molina has expressed doubts about its future, and some critics have said the body is unconstitutional, unsuccessful and biased. How successful has CICIG been in its first years of operation? Should its mandate be extended? What factors are shaping the debate, and what will most likely be the outcome?

April 8, 2015: What's at Stake in Mexico's June 7 Elections? Who Will Win? (PDF)
By Erik Brand
Source: Latin America Advisor
Mexicans will go to the polls on June 7 to elect all 500 deputies in the lower chamber of Congress as well as several state governors and other local officials. What is at stake in the midterm elections? How will President Enrique Peña Nieto's popularity, which fell to a new low in March, affect the vote? What will allowing the re-election of legislators, a change Peña Nieto signed into law last year, mean for political representation in Mexico?

April 8, 2015: ¿Qué se espera del crecimiento del crédito al consumo en México este año?
By Nicolás Mariscal and Adalberto Palma Gómez
Source: Latin America Advisor
Durante la reunión anual de la Asociación de Bancos de México el 19 de marzo, los banqueros expresaron su optimismo de que sus carteras de crédito crecerán a un ritmo similar en comparación a los últimos años a pesar de vientos desfavorables económicos relacionados con la fuerte caída del precio del petróleo y el valor mínimo histórico del peso. ¿Qué se espera del crecimiento del crédito al consumo en México este año? ¿Cuáles son los factores más importantes que determinarán si crece más rápido? ¿Qué se interpone en el camino de crecimiento del crédito al consumidor de México y la expansión del sector bancario?

April 7, 2015: Is Paraguay's Economy Headed for Investment Grade?
By Gerardo Ramón Ruiz Godoy, Sebastián Acha and Donald Richards
Source: Latin America Advisor
Ratings agency Moody's Investors Service last month increased Paraguay's sovereign rating from Ba2 to Ba1 with a stable outlook, one step away from investment grade, citing progress implementing fiscal reforms passed in 2013, increased infrastructure investment, moves to diversify the economy and improving governance. Is Paraguay's economy on the right track, and what would it take for the country to reach investment grade? Could flare-ups over social issues, such as strikes and concentrated land ownership, hamper progress?

March 23, 2015: U.S. Policy Shift on Cuba: Three-Month Assessment
By Gene Kuleta
The process of normalizing diplomatic relations and expanding trade between the United States and Cuba is proceeding slowly, but holds great promise for U.S. businesses, a group of experts said Monday. In the panel discussion, organized by the Inter-American Dialogue and held at the Washington office of law firm Holland & Knight, experts expressed optimism that the historic thaw between the Cold War foes will continue and will present opportunities for U.S.-based companies in areas such as agriculture and travel.

March 18, 2015: What Are the Top Issues Facing the OAS' Next Leader?
By John Maisto, Andrew F. Cooper, Ezequiel Vázquez-Ger, Pía Riggirozzi and Nils Castro
Source: Latin America Advisor
Former Uruguayan Foreign Minister Luis Almagro is poised to be elected secretary general of the Organization of American States today in a secret vote. Is Almagro the right person for the job? What are the biggest challenges he faces, and what are the first tasks he should tackle? To what extent is the OAS irrelevant, as its critics argue, and what should Almagro do to increase its influence?

March 16, 2015: Does Solar Energy Still Have a Bright Future in Latin America?
By Rolando González Bunster, Lisa Viscidi, Jorge Kamine, Camila Ramos and Thomas Koerner
Source: Latin America Advisor
Latin America and the Caribbean installed 625 megawatts of solar photovoltaics in 2014, a 370 percent growth rate over 2013, with Chile accounting for more than three-quarters of the regional total, according to a recent study by GTM Research. Will solar continue its growth momentum this year, and which countries will stand out? How are big swings in prices for other sources of power such as natural gas affecting the outlook for PV in the region? How are recent energy policy changes in Brazil, Mexico and elsewhere shaping the outlook for solar development in the medium to longer term?

February 23, 2015: How Much Are the U.S. and Cuba Willing to Give?
By Peter Hakim, Frank Calzon, Kirby Jones, Jaime Suchlicki
Source: Latin America Advisor
The Obama administration reportedly wants to open an embassy in Havana by April, when the next Summit of the Americas is scheduled to convene in Panama. Meantime, Cuban President Raúl Castro has demanded that the United States remove his country from its State Sponsors of Terrorism list before opening an embassy, as well as returning Guantanamo Bay Naval Base to Cuban control. Will such sticking points derail the thaw between Washington and Havana? To what extent are the United States and Cuba willing to negotiate on issues such as Guantanamo and protection of human rights in Cuba? How is the multi-billion-dollar foreign claims settlement process likely to play out?

February 17, 2015: What Will Be the Impact of Mexico Cross-Border Trucking?
By Fred McLuckie, Arturo Sarukhan, Amy Glover
The U.S. Department of Transportation announced last month that Mexican trucking companies will be able to apply to make long-haul trips in the United States. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx said the policy change will strengthen the United States' relationship with Mexico and meet U.S. obligations under NAFTA. How will the change affect the countries' trade relationship? What will be the economic impact in the United States and Mexico? Have concerns raised in the United States about perceived safety hazards and pollution caused by Mexican trucks been adequately addressed?

February 6, 2015: Will Poverty Reduction Remain Stalled in the Region?
By Alfredo González-Reyes, Nora Lustig, Paula Lucci
Poverty reduction has stalled across most of Latin America since 2012 as economic growth has slowed, and 28 percent of the region's population, or 167 million people, were in poverty in 2014, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) said recently in its annual report. With regional growth expected to be relatively low this year, will efforts at poverty reduction remain stalled? Can poverty be reduced in a low-growth environment? What policies or steps should governments take to address the issue?

January 29, 2015: Will Argentine Authorities Determine Who Killed Nisman?
By Horacio Verbitsky, Luigi Manzetti, Martín Federico Böhmer and Santos Goñi
Source: Latin America Advisor
Argentines were shocked by the untimely death Jan. 18 of prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who had accused Argentina's president and foreign minister of covering up responsibility for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires. The country's security minister said the death appeared to be a suicide, but others, including President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, voiced suspicions about foul play. Do Argentine authorities have sufficient independence to get to the bottom of what happened? Does the country's judiciary have enough strength and autonomy in major cases like that of the Jewish center bombing? Will the case have a chilling effect on future investigations?

January 20, 2015: Is Maduro Maintaining His Grip on Power in Venezuela?
By Michael Shifter, Luis Vicente León, Mark Weisbrot, Asdrúbal Oliveros, and David Smilde
Source: Latin America Advisor
Next month marks the one-year anniversary of Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo López's imprisonment and a year since massive protests broke out across the country. Meantime, the Andean country is suffering the world's highest rate of inflation and plunging prices for oil, its chief export, with parliamentary elections set for later this year. What does 2015 hold in store for Venezuela? To what extent is Maduro maintaining his grip on power?

January 13, 2015: ¿Cuál es la expectativa para las elecciones presidenciales de Argentina?
By Carlos Fara, Analía del Franco, Julio Burdman
Source: Latin America Advisor
La presidenta de Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, se encamina en la recta final de su segundo mandato en medio de preocupaciones sobre la economía del país, entre ellas un alto nivel de inflación y una batalla en curso con los fondos buitre. Con las elecciones presidenciales previstas para octubre ya han surgido un número de candidatos potenciales, incluyendo a Daniel Scioli, gobernador de la provincia de Buenos Aires, el diputado nacional, Sergio Massa, y alcalde de Buenos Aires, Mauricio Macri. ¿Cuáles individuos surgirán como principales candidatos para reemplazar a Fernández? ¿Cuál es la perspectiva para la economía de Argentina en 2015, y cómo está afectando a la forma en que la carrera presidencial se perfila? ¿Qué otros factores podrían influir en las elecciones en los próximos 10 meses?

January 13, 2015: What Did Obama & Peña Nieto Achieve in Their Meeting?
By Eliot Engel, Arturo Sarukhan, Juan Carlos Hartasánchez, James Jones
Source: Latin America Advisor
U.S. President Barack Obama met last week at the White House with his Mexican counterpart, Enrique Peña Nieto, to discuss an agenda focused on economic, security and social issues. What were the most important developments to come out of the meeting between the two presidents? What are the biggest challenges that lie ahead for U.S.-Mexico relations in areas such as trade, immigration and human rights?