Stanley Fischer was sworn in as vice chair of the Federal Reserve System’s Board of Governors in 2014. Prior to his appointment, he served as governor of the Bank of Israel.

From 2002 to 2005, Fischer was vice chair of Citigroup. Previously, he served as deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund and chief economist of the World Bank.

Fischer received his BSc and MSc in economics from the London School of Economics. In 1969, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology awarded him a PhD in economics.

Fisher has published many articles on a wide variety of economic issues and is the author and editor of several scholarly books. He has been a fellow at the Guggenheim Foundation, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Econometric Society, as well as a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research and an honorary fellow at the London School of Economics.

From 1973 to 1999, Fischer taught economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Prior to joining the MIT faculty, he was an assistant professor of economics and a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Chicago.

Fischer is on leave while he serves as vice chair.