Cresencio Arcos is a retired US Foreign Service Officer and a senior political advisor to the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies at the National Defense University. He has been a member of the Inter-American Dialogue since 1997. During his 25-year career in government, Arcos served as assistant secretary of homeland security and director of international affairs, senior deputy assistant secretary of state for international narcotics and law enforcement, US ambassador to Honduras, deputy assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs, a member of the North American Free Trade Agreement Task Force, and White House Coordinator for Public Diplomacy on Central America. His foreign service postings abroad include Belgium, Portugal, Brazil, the Soviet Union, and Honduras. In the private sector, Arcos has been a government affairs counselor at Kirkpatrick Lockhart and Preston Gates LLP and vice president and managing director for international public affairs for Latin America and Canada at AT&T. Arcos was appointed as a member of the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board by both Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Center for Strategic and International Studies Advisory Board on Latin America, US Southern Command Commander’s Advisory Panel, Atlantic Council, and American Academy of Diplomacy. Arcos has a BA from the University of Texas at Austin and an MA from Johns Hopkins University’s Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. He was a graduate research fellow at the University of Oregon’s Institute of International Studies and a post-graduate student at the George Washington University’s Institute of Sino-Soviet Studies.