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Migration & Development in Central America: Perceptions, Policies, and Further Opportunities

Migrants abroad have been a strong source of economic growth for nearly every country in the region. Public officials, however, have been largely unable to develop policies that effectively leverage the economic activities of migrants and harness their full economic potential. In the latest Dialogue working paper, Manuel Orozco and Julia Yansura examine the migration-development nexus. MORE

Dialogue Launches Central American Security Web Portal

The Central America Security Web Portal serves as a clearinghouse of policy-oriented research, analysis, government documents, and other resources related to security in Central America. The tool aggregates existing and new information to provide US and regional scholars, practitioners, and public officials a searchable database to support research and policymaking in this field. MORE


The Dialogue’s work on the Central America region examines developments in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, as well as Mexico, with a focus on democratic governance, security, immigration, drug policy, remittances, education reform, energy integration, press freedom, and trade capacity building. The Dialogue’s Central American Working Group is designed to produce fresh, balanced analyses of the region’s most pressing challenges along with practical proposals to address them, and to keep Washington informed. The group includes a diverse mix of some 30 policy analysts, political and labor leaders, economists, and NGO and business executives.

A new Dialogue initiative on security and migration in Central America and Mexico is developing a joint program with leading research centers in the region on two of the most important challenges their countries now face: (1) the threats posed by escalating crime and violence, and (2) the failure of governments to address the political, social, and security problems emerging from continued illegal migration flows to the United States.


Michael Shifter, President
Peter Hakim, President Emeritus
Manuel Orozco, Senior Fellow
Joan Caivano, Deputy to the President/Director Special Projects
Humberto Galvan, Program Assistant
Paul Shortell, Program Assistant

For more information, please contact Humberto Galvan at or (202) 463-2572



Migration & Development in Central America: Perceptions, Policies, and Further Opportunities/Migración y Desarrollo en América Central: Percepciones, Políticas y Nuevas Oportunidades, by Manuel Orozco and Julia Yansura, Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper, November 2013.

Will a New Development Accord Succeed in Guatemala?, by Salvador Paiz, Jeffrey Puryear, and James M. Meyer, from the Dialogue's daily Latin America Advisor, 6 November 2013.

Why Are Tensions Rising Between Nicaragua & its Neighbors?, by Francisco Campbell, Christine Wade, and Fernando Cepeda Ulloa, from the Dialogue's daily Latin America Advisor, 24 September 2013.

Political Reform in Central America: Are Democratic Institutions at Risk?, by Arturo Cruz, Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper, July 2013.

Regional Security Cooperation: An Examination of the Central American Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) and the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI), testimony by Michael Shifter before the US House Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, 19 June 2013.

Organized Crime and Insecurity in Belize, by Julie López, Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper, January 2013.

Security in Nicaragua: Central America's Exception?/Seguridad en Nicaragua: ¿la excepción en Centroamérica?, by Roberto Cajina, Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper, January 2013.





An acid test for new leader, Michael Shifter in Oman Daily Observer, December 7, 2013.

Ortega Bid to Scrap Nicaragua Term Limits Up for Vote, Michael Shifter in Bloomberg News, December 9, 2013.

In Honduras slum, acid test for new leader's drug gang battle, Michael Shifter in WTAQ, December 4, 2013.

Tight Honduras vote offers swing to left or militarised drug fight, Michael Shifter in Business Recorder, November 25, 2013.

Latin America’s ‘bad boy’ leaders enjoy high support, survey finds, Michael Shifter in The Kansas City Star, 14 October 2013.

El 'Barco de Pandora', Dialogue cited in El Nuevo Herald, 6 August 2013.

No ties? No problem as China courts Taiwan's remaining allies, Margaret Myers in Reuters, 6 August 2013.

Nicaragua Canal: bonanza or boondoggle?, Margaret Myers in Nicaragua Dispatch, 10 July 2013.

No cesan las dudas sobre el Gran Canal, Margaret Myers in La Prensa, 29 June 2013. 

Nicaragua's Canal: Chinese Tycoon Wang Jing Wants to Build It, Margaret Myers in Bloomberg, 27 June 2013.

Canal interoceánico nicaragüense ya tiene inversionistas, Margaret Myers in Portafolio, 26 June 2013. 

Chinese Billionaire Says Nicaragua Canal Has Investors, Margaret Myers in Bloomberg, 25 June 2013.

12 preguntas sin respuestas, Dialogue event in La Prensa, 20 June 2013.

El canal chino de Nicaragua, Margaret Myers in El Nuevo Diario, 17 June 2013.

Nicaragua’s Chinese Canal: Behind the Audacious $40 Billion Bid to Build a Rival Panama Canal, Margaret Myers in TIME, 13 June 2013.


The Implications of Honduras' Elections, 27 November 2013.

Migration and Development in Central America and Mexico: Current Trends and Policy Options, 18 November 2013.

A Conversation with Hugo Martínez, 23 October 2013.

Political Stability in Central America: Is Democracy at Risk, 18 July 2013.

Nicaragua's Canal: What Should We Expect?, 19 June 2013.  

Congressional Members' Working Group: President Obama's Visit and the Outlook for US Relations with Mexico and Central America, 22 May 2013.

A Conversation on President Obama’s Visit to Central America with the Region’s Ambassadors in Washington, 17 May 2013.

Press Briefing: President Obama's Visit to Mexico and Central America, 29 April 2013.

Panama's Political Outlook: A Conversation with Presidential Candidate Juan Carlos Navarro, 10 April 2013.

Security and Human Rights in Honduras: A Conversation with Julieta Castellanos, 7 March 2013.

A Conversation with Fernando Carrera, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, 27 February 2013.



Peter Hakim Discusses the Challenges facing Honduras' Economy, Peter Hakim on CCTV America, 2 August 2013.

Experto analiza situación en el Canal de Panamá, Michael Shifter on Voz de América, 18 July 2013.

Peter Hakim Discusses President Obama's Trip to Mexico, Peter Hakim on CCTV America, May 5, 2013.

Análisis de la visita de Barack Obama a México y CA, Michael Shifter on Esta Noche, 2 May 2013.

Visita de Obama a Centroamérica, Michael Shifter on CNN en español, 29 March 2013.

Elecciones en EEUU: no vienen cambios para AL, Michael Shifter in Confidencial, 1 November 2012.

Las remesas mejoran el ingreso en los hogares, Manuel Orozco in Confidencial, 21 October 2012.

El regreso de Noriega, Michael Shifter on CNN en Español, 11 December 2011.

Cold War Redux? Politics and Crime in Central America, Michael Shifter on the Kojo Nnamdi Show, 14 November 2011.

Dos retos en la región para EE.UU, Michael Shifter on Voice of America, 9 November 2011.